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_j NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND 69

The yield of ginger root is very large and quite valu-
able.

The quantity produced in my locality is the greatest
in many seasons.

Have you received their inquiry with reference to the
incorporation?

She has a very smooth voice.

They have an opportunity to market a large quantity
of grape juice packed in jugs.

They did not deny the legality of the incorporation,
but said that as a matter of formality they wanted to
be certain that it had been approved by the directors.

Have you the right to act in behalf of the incor-
poration?

He made the inquiry for the purpose of verifying the
name of the surety.

The vote for supreme judge was very small.

Gentlemen:

We are very sorry we cannot entertain your plan to
market the grape crop this summer through brokers.
The yield will not be very large, but the quality will
naturally be far superior to anything to be found
in your markets.

There is something about the grapes this season that
leads us to believe they will produce a very smooth,
yet snappy, wine.

Because of the scarcity of imported goods, we are of
the opinion that choice domestic wines will sell at a
premium the coming season. For that reason we in-
tend to convert our entire crop ourselves and book it
with the jobbers for spring delivery.

We thank you for your inquiry.



SECTION FOUR
Step Two




Use the -D and * fingers for
B and Si.



74. Word signs. —






shall


U*


usual


a


much



75. Word practice.-



MAE*


match


The t before


ch is silent and


HAB+ET


hatchet


dropped.




NEiW


neither


Use 5< for final r after A or B


PHAffiSi


father


and in the same stroke.


PANiW


panther






TEB*


teacher






BUM


butcher






PUKBS*


puncher


SCWEBB


squelch


HASH-ER


washer


AN+CTWI*


anguish


WREMBSt


wrenches


PUM


punish


BEUBSi


benches


SERMF+I*


selfish


LAffiSi


laths


E+STA£+LI&


establish


SPIMB


spinach


PLESH-UR


pleasure


BAS+IS*


babyish


EM+BEM*


embellish


YERM+OI*


yellowish


DISHfe


dishes



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



71



BASH-PHURM

CARFG5*

TEfc+PHI

THR+PHOR

CTRA+D I KT

COUNTfc+SIN

PROFT+A&G*

LEG+lffGfc

ERM+Ji I £ G&

REfc+ON+BLI

PROF+BU



bashful

careful

testify

therefore

contradict

countersign

profitable

legible

eligible

reasonably

probably



POS-fBLI

I NTfc+STAT

SIMS+THI

N+TRA+STAT

INTfc+UR?+AN

C+MENfc+MENT

SUSGfc+MENT

AR+CTUMNT

PAMNT

MOMNT

N+TRO+DU*



possibly

interstate

sympathy

intrastate

interurban

commencemen t

supplement

argument

payment

moment

introduce



BRIifi*



british



Write ifi for t whenever f is re-
quired in the same stroke with
some other letter on the right
lower secondary key.



Write seven


times.








each
brush


ash
legible


interstate
rush


probably
reach


leather
push


careful
contradict


interurban
coach


preach
hush


payment
spinach


teach
bush


introduce
boyish


marsh
attach


broach
babyish


harsh
leech


approach
yellowish


speech
anguish


radish
belch


engagement
peevish


wish
squelch


rich
lawful


filch
nourish


convertible
bench


ranch
flourish


British
eligible


branch
Irish


argument
cherish


interwoven
wrench


French
farther


perish
moment


trench
punish


neither
tarnish


furnish
lunch


launch
garnish


varnish
punch


bunch
admonish


butcher
vanish


diminish
starch


washer
blemish


finish
perch


march
foolish


laths
relish


polish
church


torch
establish


English
batch


porch
favorable



72



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



match


father


patch


fish


snatch


selfish


ratchet


Jewish


stretch


childish


ditch


radish


pitch


dish


stitch


rubbish


Scotch


fresh


notch


mesh


much


flesh


crutch


wash


couch


squash


touch


quash


such


sash


puncher


usual


shall


panther


treasure


measure


heretofore


pleasure


wrenches


fisher


myths


hatchet


flash


azure


dash


usury


incorporation


baths


casual


bluish


commencement


purify


transfer


countersign


therefore


reasonably


beautiful


profitable


cheerful


testify


intrastate


supplement


teacher


benches


other



76. Writing exercise. —

Write seven times.

We shall need the stock in a few days.

Have you the usual quantity on hand?

How much do you think you should have?

We shall need as much as you can send us.

We are usually well supplied with the size you use.

We desire quotations on wrought iron monkey wrenches
and various bench tools.

We hope our prices on varnish will be favorably con-
sidered.

We will thank you for quotations on various makes of
watches.

By reason of the present price of raw material, we can
ship these goods for cash only.



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND 73

Gentlemen :

We have acquired the stock of a bankrupt concern
and, inasmuch as it contained several items for
which you are constantly in the market, are writ-
ing to inquire if you can meet the writer at the American
Hotel some time during the latter part of this week.

The stock comprises hatchets, wrenches, work
benches, pinch bars, brushes, and green, red, blue
and yellow Japan varnishes. All of these items are
in perfect condition and can be bought at a reason- -
ably low price.

If this appeals to you, will you set the hour for an
engagement?

Gentlemen:

We are sorry not to be able to quote you on soft coal
for early fall use.

There is a strike at most of our mines at this time
and we are behind with all our orders this season.
The trouble is about to be settled, and as soon as work
is fully resumed we shall be able to take care of you
promptly.

If you are in this city within the coming month, please
call on us. We should like to book you for your
winter needs. The rush will be over then and we
can deliver promptly.



SECTION FOUR





Step


Three


77. Word practice. —




BSAMN


examine


Always write BS for ex- at the


BSTRA


extra


beginning of a word.


BSED


exceed




BSCHANG


exchange


BSAGfc+AT exaggerate


BSERDS*


exertion


BSAUfc+T 1 V exhaustive


BSPERN*


experience


BSCUT execute


BSTENDfc


extension


BSTENfc+IP extensive


BOKfc


box


Final x, having the sound of ks t


SUFKfc


suffix


is written Kfc.


PREFK*


prefix




SPHINKfc


sphinx




NEKS)


next


Final r is dropped after th*


TEKfc


text


sound of s in x.


TEKfc+TUR


texture




N+DREKTG*


indirectly


These illustrations show hovj


1 ND+PEND+ENT


independen t


words with similar beginnings


UND+NlffGfc


undeniable


and endings are written. Study


CESn-LEfc


ceaseless


and practice them carefully.


PHAIRNfc


fairness




E+PHISi+ENT


efficient




E+PHISH-ENSh-I


efficiency




PHOR+CTIF


forgive




A+PORMG


apology




CIRK+STANfc


circums tance


Being a frequently recurring
word it is unnecessary to write
the urn.



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



75



IND+STRUKT+ISGfc in


[destructible


BI+ORMG


biology


UND+V 1 D+D undivided


SO+ORMG


zoology


PHER+LE&


fearless


INT5H-PHER


interfere


N+SORMF+ENfc+l insolvency


INTSl+CErr


intercept


AG+ENfc+l


agency


REK+LEfc


reckless


PHOR+EF


forever


WORiR+LES*


worthless


Write seven times.








exact


somebody


expanding


fearless


explain


circumstance extra


upon


example


file


examine


inclose


exchange


invoice


excuse


index


expression


inquiry


expense


usual


express


worthless


exertion


intercept


expensive


needless


examining


context


exhibit


receipt


explore


inform


extreme


anything


except


complex


expiration


incorporate


examination


much


exclude


whether


expose


which


explanation


reply


extent


tendency


exhaustive


careless


exist


prefix


explosion


links


execute


receive


extravagant


gone


exaggerate


nothing


excursion


something


expert


inquire


extensive


shall


excel


until


extension


insolvency


exceed


reckless


experience


agency


exit


independent expect


indicate


execution


indirectly


wax


indestructible flax


undivided


flexible


undeniable


convex


appearance


box


preference


mix


assistance


fairness


flux


weakness


books


efficient


active


efficiency


relative


activity


unrestricted


motive


careless


forgive


ceaseless


forever


mixture


apology


next


ducks


biology


trucks


zoology


clocks


chronology


docks


climax


interfere


borax



76 NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND

78. Writing exercise. —

Write five times.

I know he will send something to somebody.

How many have you and how much do you ask for
them?

Please state whether or not you were there when the
inquiry was received and filed.

He inquired if you inclosed the invoice and upon what
date.

I cannot inform you of anything until I am in receipt
of that letter.

As usual, they incorporated nothing in their reply.

I shall be very much pleased to know where you go
this summer.

They have gone but I do not know in which direction.

Please examine the examples submitted and let us
have an expression from you before the expiration of
this month.

Nothing was said by way of explanation of the exam-
ination.

The ceaseless buying of exchange is too expensive.

Gentlemen:

Will you please inform us as to the usual tax rate
on real property in your city? Please give both the
state and city taxes.

Some of us expect to be in your city within the next
few days to examine the freight and power conditions
now existing.

Before moving our plant, we would want to send our
experts to examine all the conditions relative to land
and water shipping facilities, especially your docks.



SECTION FOUR
Step Four

NAMES OF PERSONS

79. The National Alphabet. — In writing
letters of the alphabet singly, use the following table:



A


A


B


B


C


C


-D


D


E


E


V


F


-G


G


H


H


1


I


9


J


-K


K


L


L


-M


M


-N


N





O


P


P


CW


Q,


-R


R


S


S


-T


T


U


U


V


V


N


W


KSi


X


Y


Y


a


z



In making use of the alphabet,
use only the representations giv-
en. For instance, in spelling
out words containing D, M,
N, R, T, etc., where the letters
occur among both the initial
and final consonants, always use
the ones on the final side of the
keyboard and never those in the
initial group. This is to avoid
conflicts, and to equalize the
work of the hands in spelling
out words letter by letter, there
being eleven consonants written
by use of the initial group
and ten with the final group.

Practice writing the alphabet
until it can be written accurate-
ly and rapidly.



78



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



80. Names of persons. — Names of persons,
though pronounced alike, are frequently spelled dif-
ferently, as Green, Greene; Smith, Smithe; Read,
Reed. Names vary so much in their spelling that
it is often necessary to give the proper spelling in
the notes. This is accomplished by use of the Na-
tional alphabet, the name being spelled out one letter
at a stroke, as Johnstone, J1+0+H+N+S+T+0+N+E.

Write a period after each initial and after each
word in the name if it is spelled out letter by letter.
C. P. Krieger, C+FNTG+P+FNTG+K+R+I+E+G+E+R+
FNTG.

It is not necessary to spell out a proper name
every time it occurs in the same dictation; spelling
it out the first time will be sufficient. If a name is
once spelled out in the dictation or if it is a familiar
name or one in which it is not necessary to show the
spelling, it may be written as other words, except
it must be written more fully, syllable by syllable.
Forester, PHOR+Efc+TER.

81. Word practice. —

F. W. Appe! F+FNTG+W+FNTG+A+P+P+E+L+FNTG

W. C. Buehler W+FNTG+C+FNTG+B+U+E+H+L+E+R+FNTG

L. M. Cooke L+FNTG+M+FNTG+C+0+O+K+E+FNTG

Mae Eyermann M+A+E+FNTG+E+Y+E+R+M+A+N+N+FNTG

As context does not aid in the
reading of proper names, they
must be written fully, without
the use of the usual abbrevi-
ating principles.



Appel


Aff+ERM


Buehler


BERM+ER


Cooke


COEK


Eyermann


1 R+MAN


Flynn


PHLIN


Gannon


CTAN+ON


Garfield


CTAR+PHERMD


Harrison


HAR+lfc+ON


Stevens


STEF+ENfc


Jackson


JJAK+SON


Krause


CRAUSt



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



79



McCauley

Newcomb

Peterson

Quaker

Richardson

Schmidt



MAK+CAU+LI

NU+COM

PET+ER+SON

CWAK+ER

RIB+ARD+SON



Spaulding SPAURMD+ 1 NG Note that in& is written out.

Write the following exercises twice, spelling out
each name letter by letter; then write each exercise
three times in the usual way.



Williams Hughes
Miller Adams
Steinberg Reade
Musick Farrish


Stiffel Powers Morton
Henderson Jones Gregory
Powell Peterson Robertson
Nichols Gillette Niederlander


L. H. Wagner
Henry T. Ulmann
E. K. Ludington
John F. Yeager


Theodore Thomas
C. D. Bolin

William Zeltmann
Aug. H. Striegel


V. L. Boisaubin
Charles X. Vogei

E. H. Angert

F. X. Haid



82. Standard abbreviations. — It is possible
to write standard abbreviations on the National in
their exact form or with very slight changes.

Learn the following list and practice them on the
machine.



M-R


Mr.


Do not use a period after stand-


M-Rfc


Mrs.


ard abbreviations written on the


ME*


Messrs.


National.


DR


Doctor




PROF


Professor




PRIN


Principal




CTOF


Governor




HON


Honorable




REF


Reverend




SJ-R


Junior




SR


Ssnior





!° NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND

83. Writing exercise. —

Write five times, spelling out the proper names
the first time only.

Dr. J. F. Duff,
Dear Doctor:

Mrs. Louise Drummond,
Dear Madam:

Prof. John A. Bauer,
Prin. City High School,
Dear Prof. Bauer:

Hon. George A. Gillis
Gov. E. C. Bennett
Rev. Benjamin A. Lear
Mr. Frederick Hahn, Jr.
Mr. R. H. Cross, Sr.



SECTION FOUR
Step Five

NAMES OF FIRMS

84. Names of Firms. — The same rules used
in writing names of persons apply to names of
concerns.

85. Standard abbreviations. —



PRE*


President


SEK


Secretary


TREfc


Treasurer


MGSi


Manager


sun


Super in tenden t


S*EN


General, general


AD


advertise


AG


agent


BUS*


business


BRO


brother


COR


correspond


DEffT


department


NATGfc


national


T


The


CO


company


R-R


railroad


Rl (Ry)


railway



Always write initial T for The
at the beginning of firm names.



82



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



86. Writing exercise. — Write three times.



ADG


advertising


CORN*


correspon den ce


CORG


correspon ding


PEN+MG*


General Manager


ADG+MG5*


Advertising Manager


BUfc+AG


Business Agent



Chas. Saks & Co.
United Railway Co.
The Universal Motor Co.
Warren, Jones & Gratz
H. & L. Chase Bag Co.

Clark Dyeing and Cleaning Co.

Rutledge and Kilpatrick
N. M. Conway & Sons

Gimbel Brothers

George W. White & Sons Co.

B. G. Sullivan & Brother

Steinway & Son

J. B. Ziegfried & Sons, Inc.

Auto Supply, Inc.



CHAS+SAKfc+AN+CO

UN+ITD+RI+CO

T+UN+VERSh-ARM+MOT+OR+CO

WAR+EN+SJ0N5H-AN+CTRAT&

H+FNTG+AN+L+FNTG+CHASw-

BAG+CO
CLARK+DI+ING+AN+CLEN+ING+

CO
RUT+LEDG+AN+C I RM+PA+TR I K
N+FNTG+M+FNTG+CON+WA+AN+

SON*
CTIM+BERM+BR05*
SJORG+W+FNTG+HW I T+AN+SONSh-

CO
B+FNTG+G+FNTG+SURM+ I +VAN+

AN+BRO
STIN+WA+AN+SON
£i+FNTG+B+FNTG+S I G+PHRED+

AN+SONfc+INK
AUT+O+SU+PLI+INK



Write the following five times, spelling out
the proper names the first time and writing in
the regular way afterwards.



A. Leschen & Sons Rope Co.
Baker, Potts, Barker & Garwood

B. & D. Club

George W. Fisher & Sons
Central "Wire & Iron Works



Union Typewriter Exchange
The Inland Navigation Co., Inc.
Thomas McHenry & Son
Armstrong and Armstrong
Bagnell Timber Co.



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



83



Webb & Webb
Becker Realty Co.

Mr. Warren C. Flynn, Pres.,
Fidelity & Deposit Co.

Mr. H. R. Ellison, Gen. Mgr.,
Independent Ice & Coal Co.

Mr. A. B. Ewing, Jr., Supt.,
Superior Supply Co.

Mr. F. T. French, Gen. Agt,
National Life Insurance Co.

Mr. Harry E. Black, Adv. Mgr.,
William Winter & Sons Co.



Dear Sir:



E. G. Boeckeler & Brother
Kelly & Jones Co.

Mr. H. M. Blossom, Bus. Mgr.,
Aerial Navigation.

W. T. Campbell, Cor. Sec,
National Auto League.

George D. Capon, Treasurer,
Ludwig Piano Co.

H. H. Hayward,

c-o Traffic Department,

C. & A. Ry. Co.

Mr. E. W. Mangson, Pres.,
B. & M. R. R. Co.



The National Railroad Company, formerly the Con-
solidated Railway Company, has bought the busi-
ness of the General Advertising Corporation, which was
taking care of the work of the Consolidated before
the receiver's sale as well as acting as its agent in
other capacities.

The correspondence in connection with this work is
large enough to warrant our creating a special posi-
tion of Manager and Superintendent. The department
thus created will be the General Advertising Depart-
ment, and the new position will be held by Mr. Smith,
former President of the General Advertising Company.
Mr. Smith's secretary and treasurer, Mr. Jones, will
embark in an entirely new field.

You will, therefore, direct your advertising correspond-
ence of any nature with this Company to the attention
of Mr. Smith,



This is for your information.



84 NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND

Exercise for skill. — Practice the following exercise for skill
while studying Section Five. It contains 200 words.

The time in which the entire exercise should be written is:

3 min. 20 sec. at completion of Step One, Section Five
2 min. 52 sec. at completion of Step Two, Section Five
2 min. 30 sec. at completion of Step Three, Section Five
2 min. 12 sec. at completion of Step Four, Section Five
2 min. sec. at completion of Step Five, Section Five

He drew a large salary for his literary and oratory works.

This celery grew in small quantities in the cemetery back of the factory.

The Superintendent calls it The New Century Watch.

They will elect him as Secretary and Treasurer of the new box factory.

The meeting was attended by Mrs. Mary Crane, Dr. John Smith, Prof.

Harry Jones, Principal of the High School, Gov. Frank Short, Hon.

James Baker, Rev. Chas. Brooks and Mr. Howard Bartlett, Sr. All

the urgent matters were taken up and disposed of promptly.

Messrs. Wm. Young & Sons, Inc.,

City.

Gentlemen:

This is to inform you that this road has changed its name from The
Midland Valley Railroad Company to The Central Railway Company.

Mr. George French, Jr., Pres.,

John Block & Brother, Inc.

City.

Dear Sir:

The advertising department of the First National Bank has made the
usual inquiry with reference to a Christmas card for this year. We
should like very much to secure this business, and shall be prepared
to make very low prices.

Our general manager has been corresponding with them and has
referred them to you as our agent. Please inquire as to their needs
and write us promptly.



SECTION FIVE
Step One

FIGURES

87. Figures. — Figures are obtained by use of the
upper Secondary Keys. The Secondary Keys are
struck in conjunction with the upper row of primary
keys.



dcrrX^ (Cm



*a



±1





As the figures are always writ-
ten on a line by themselves, no
other keys are struck at the
same time, and the fingers and
thumbs may move forward
slightly to reach the upper Sec-
ondary Keys.



88. Accuracy. — Writing figures on the National
is so simple and easy that frequently too little atten-
tion is paid to accuracy. Figures form such an im-
portant part of dictation that a single miss truck
key may involve immense losses and serious conse-
quences. It is important therefore that the most
thorough practice be devoted to all exercises involv-
ing figures. A word wrongly written in a sentence
is often detected by the meaning, but there is seldom
anything in the context to indicate that the wrong
figure has been written. Much stress must be placed
on absolute accuracy in writing figures.



89. Figure drill. — The following exercise has
been arranged in ten columns containing ten figures
each. The complete mastery of this exercise will



86 NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND

lay the foundation for rapid and accurate figure
writing.

Practice the first column until it can be written
almost as rapidly as a person can count easily
and distinctly. Then practice the second column in
the same manner; then the two columns together.
In this manner practice each column until it can be
written easily, rapidly and accurately and then prac-
tice it with the preceding columns until the entire
exercise can be written in about forty seconds.

The figure practice must be with absolute accuracy.
Do not look at the keyboard, but say each figure to
yourself as you write it. Do not punctuate between
the numbers. This is simply a figure practice exer-
cise for training the mind and fingers.

When both figures can be written at one stroke,
do so.

Check back the notes every few minutes to see that
you are writing perfectly.



1


11


21


31


41


51


61


71


81


91


2


12


22


32


42


52


62


72


82


92


3


13


23


33


43


53


63


73


83


93


4


14


24


34


44


54


64


74


84


94


5


15


25


35


45


55


65


75


85


95


6


16


26


36


46


56


66


76


86


96


7


17


27


37


47


57


67


77


87


97


8


18


28


38


48


58


68


78


88


98


9


19


29


39


49


59


69


79


89


99



10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

90. Second figure drill. — Learn to write
this exercise at a fairly high rate of speed, say, as rap-
idly as it can be dictated easily and enunciated clearly.
Do not space between the numbers. Compare often
the notes with the copy to ascertain if you are writing
with absolute accuracy.



96


24


71


54


37


84


12


75


58


25


88


16


79


46


45


76


11


83


50


33



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



87



72 15 87 38 53 69 19 91 42 51
80 23 95 30 61 60 27 99 34 49



64


31


94


22


69


52


35


98


26


57


56


39


88


14


77


44


52


90


36


17



91. Writing figures as words. — At the op-
tion of the operator, figures from one to ten, when used
separately, may be written out as words. One, two,
three, WON, TO, THRE.

92. Plural of figures. — The plural of figures
is denoted in the following manner:

From one to ten, written out as words.
Above ten, denoted by following the figures with
initial S.



THFO


threes


S 1 Kfc+fc


sixes


TEN*


tens


SEFNfc


sevens


3+2+S


thirty -twos


40+S


forties


25+S


twenty -fives


17+S


17s


20+S


20s


50+S


50's



93. Third figure practice. —

Write seven times.



one


seven


nine


five


ten


six


three


eight


four


two


twos


fours


nines


sixes


ones


threes


eights


fives


sevens


tens


3s


32s


18s


4s


16s


22's


2's


9's


33's


64's



SECTION FIVE
Step Two

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES

94. Standard abbreviations. —

ST street

AF avenue

COR corner

CO county

TER territory

95. States and Territories. — The standard
abbreviations are used in writing the States and Ter-
ritories of the United States. Practice them until
they can be written rapidly and easily.



ARM


Alabama


CANS?


Kansas


A+LAfc


Alaska


CEN


Kentucky


AR


Arizona


LA


Louisiana


ARK


Arkansas


ME


Maine


CARM


California


MD


Maryland


CORM


Colorado


MA5*


Massachusetts


CON


Connecticut


Ml B


Michigan


DERM


Delaware


MIN


Minnesota


D+C


Dist. of Col.


MI&


Mississippi


PHLA


Florida


MO


Missouri


CTA


Georgia


MONT


Montana


ID


Idaho


NE?


Nebraska


IRM


Illinois


NEF


Nevada


IND


Indiana


N+H


New Hampshire


1


Iowa


N+SJ


New Jersey



NATIONAL MACHINE SHORTHAND



89



N+MEKfc


New Mexico


TEK*


Texas


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