Washington Fort Lincoln cemetery.

Fort Lincoln, the modern park cemetery of Washington online

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Fort Lincoln Cemetery









MR. A. WESLEY BROWN, General Manager






^Q ^ "^O ^ WASHINGTON, D. C.
/V ^

T Tt7 .' .

Fort Lincoln Cemetern'

Baltimore-Washington Boulevartl — at tlic,l)istrict Line


crc is bcbicatcb as an cbcrlasting fRcmorial
anb IDlacc of |Dcacc for tfjc bcloUcti ticati.
one of ilaturc's most beautiful intcrminglings
of fjillsibc, forest, fielb anb riUer. il.)ere tfjiougfj
ttje centuries ttje silent beat>, lufjettjer little cfjilb,
or tfjose tofjo tjabe completeti life's span, map
afaibe in tranquil bignitp.

ere too, tfje libing, entering, map be sootbeb
from tbe pbpsical aspects of beattj, come
into lobing communion toitb tbe souls of tbeir
bear ones, anb, loolung from tbe sloping bills
anb ober sbeltering balleps, be comforteb bp
bnobjlebge tbat tbis rare lobeliness of prospect
anb solemn peace tuill be maintaineb for all time.

Fage T/ircf

I^ai^e Four

AS if planning a fitting site for a memorial
-t\ worthy of the Nation and its Capital,
Nature has reared at the northern boundary ot
Washington, a glorious amphitheatre ot hill-
side, pleasant lawns and woodlands, through
which a placid river finds its way to the sea.

In pursuance of Nature's inspiring de-
sign, this spot of rare scenic beauty has been
dedicated to be, forever, one of the world's
most lovely resting places and a worthy com-
panion to Arlington and other famed memorials
of the Capital.

It has been designated Fort Lincoln Cemetery
because of the historic fort of that name located
at the crest of its hills.

The vision of its founders has already taken
concrete form. The massive gateway and beau-
tiful lodge and office are completed, and well-
made roads wind past the Field of Nations to
the lawns now marked for burial plots.

All who love natural beauty, all interested
in artistic achievement and memorial art, are
invited to drive or wander through its lovely
vistas. The wide sweep of the Maryland hills
from Fort Lincoln's crest and its own restful
loveliness will give one a new xision ot scenic
grandeur and a deeper sense of the "peace that
passeth understanding."

I'uf^f Fife

The River at the Foot of the Hills

Its placid waters suggest the gentle streams which
meander through lovely Old World churchyards.

Pajre Six

Location of Fort Lincoln

THE tract set aside in perpetuity for Fort
Lincoln consists ot 240 acres of beautiful
hillside, meadow and forest. It extends back for
a mile from the Washington-Baltimore Boule-
vard at the boundary of the District of Colum-
bia to an arm of the river.

The United States Reservation to the south,
the highway along the front, and forest barriers
joining the river grant it complete immunity
from unseemly encroachments.

Those desiring to visit Fort Lincoln will find
it easy of access. It is reached by carriage or
automobile over the Washington-Baltimore
Boulevard, or via Rhode Island Avenue and
South Dakota Avenue over the new bridge which
admits to the Boulevard about one-quarter of a
mile south of the entrance.

The car line out the Baltimore Boulevard,
starting from 15th and H Streets, N. E., passes
the gateway. Residents of Prince George County
can reach it In' this car line or by the highway
through Hyattsville.

The map on page 25 shows the location of
this property with reference to Washington.

As the landscape |">laii intlicates, the archi-
tects have taken full advantage of the beautiful
contour of the property.

Hage Sei-en

The Ramparts of Fort Lincoln
Crumbling earthworks still mark this strongest of the
chain of forts defending the Capital.

Page Eight


On Twicp: Hallowed Ground

THK Fort Lincoln property includes portions
of "Chillum Castle" and "Scotland,"
granted in 17 19 by Lord Baltimore and handed
down in direct line to its present holders, who
have ceded it for cemetery uses under the strict
laws of the State of Maryland. The river to
the east was in pre-revolutionary times the
scene of extensive ocean commerce carried on
from the town ot Bladensburg, at that time a
thriving port. Here the quaint old square
riggers from Liverpool discharged their strange
cargoes from all over the world.

In 1 8 14, through the lower reaches of the
property, was fought the Battle of Bladensburg,
when the ground was hallowed by the blood of
those who strove to sa\e the Capital. Later it
became part of one of the strong defenses in
the chain of forts encircling the cit\-. \'isited
frequently by President Lincoln, who drank at
the spring beneath the ancient oak, it received
the name of Fort Lincoln. The outlines of the
fort may still be traced by the crumbling breast-
works of the summit, which so add to the historic
charm of the region.

The spirits of those who, for love of country,
offered their li\'es on this spot, must be well
content with the memorial purposes to which
the scene of their valour is now forever dedicated. ^

Pa)ie Nine

The Spring 'Neath the Old Oak.
Lincoln often visited the Fort and, tradition has it,
quenched his thirst at the old spring.

I'a^e Ten

Relation to the City's Park Pla


FORT Lincoln, lovely in its sloping vistas,
its river prospects and majestic outlook,
is by virtue of its location an integral and xital
part of the Park and Boulevard System of the
District of Columbia. The recognition of this
fact at the outset by those charged with its
development for cemetery purposes, and their
readiness to cooperate with Federal and State
interests have assured a well coordinated pro-
gram of beautihcation.

Provision has been made for a riverside drive-
way around the property and connecting the
projected Baltimore Boulevard and the Ana-
costia Water Park. Fort Lincoln thus becomes
a part of the park approaches to the Capital.
Eastern Avenue, when completed, will skirt the
property on the south for a mile. This avenue,
reaching its highest point at Fort Lincoln, will
command a view of the entire cemetery and
the river beyond.

While of course no trafHc can pass through
the cemetery, the Fort Lincoln property under
this plan would border this great system of
parkways and so become the northeastern scenic
element in a system linking it with Arlington,
Potomac Park, the Lincoln Memorial, Rock
Creek and Soldiers' Home Parks.

Petgf Elfven

Design For Monumental Plot
The careful placing ot monuments and use of enduring
granite markers assures complete artistic harmony.

Pa^e T-ivel-'ce

Monumental Harmony

IN accord with the practice which prexails in
the most heautihil cemeteries, special loca-
tions will be set aside for monuments, hut
individual gravestones and curbings will not
be employed. Individual graves are to be
marked with enduring granite set even with
the turf. In this way, every owner of" a plot
or grave is protected from eccentric, overshadow-
ing, or inharmonious monuments on neighboring

The effect, in contrast to the usual miscellany
of stones of various sizes and materials, will be
an uninterrupted sweep of peaceful lawns, with
harmonious and well-placed monuments merging
with their backgrounds of sloping hillsides,
shrubbery or river bordered woodland. Provis-
ion for perpetual care of every grave and of
the entire property ensures the preservation of
its natural beauty.

Starting anew, with no unsightly monu-
ments yet marring its natural beauty. Fort
Lincoln is able to avoid those frequent mistakes
in cemetery planning which now too late are
regretted. Fort Lincoln, in these considerations,
will be guided by the significant conclusions of
the National Commission of Fine Arts, sum-
marized on a following page.

hi fie T fur tern

The Lodge at the Gateway
This structure of Italian Renaissance Type will be in
dignified harmony with the Chapel and the Cloisters.

Prttf/' Fourteen

The Realization of a Vision

THE development on this exceptionally
suitable tract of a resting place unequalled
in beauty, peace and dignity is the purpose of
those responsible for Fort Lincoln.

The Commission of Fine Arts, charged by
the Government with the development of the
Capital, has visited the property, and given
intormally much valuable advice.

Reports of the McMillan Commission and
other park authorities, the experience of ceme-
teries throughout the world, and the knowledge
of many experts in the field of art and landscape
art, sculpture, architecture and space treatment
were drawn upon to assure to Fort Lincoln
Cemetery all that is most beautiful and most
satisfactory in the seemly reception of the dead.

The work of development and coordination
with the parking plans of Washington was
intrusted to Mr. Horace W. Peaslee, Architect
of Public Buildings and Grounds of the District
of Columbia, with Mr. John H. Small, III,
landscape architect, associated. Mr. W. N.
Rudd, of Chicago, an accepted authority, has
acted as consultant in perfecting the plans for
tlie operation, management, and perpetual main-
tenance of this cemetery.

Piifie Hf'teen

The Chapel on the Hillside

npHE Chapel on the hillside will be in an Italian
-*- Renaissance type as most in harmony with the
peculiar beauty of Fort Lincoln. The simple charm of this
type may be judged from the lodge at the gateway. Many
have commented on the sincere beauty, appropriateness
and feeling of permanence ot this carefully designed

The Chapel, the beauty of which may be sensed from
Mr. Peaslee's drawing, will be available to those who wish
to conduct burial services within the cemeterv.

Piige Sixteen

The Cloisters on the Mall

THE Cloisters or group ot Mausoleums shown in the
drawing will provide indivitlual or family vaults
for those who prefer entombment but do not require
private mausoleums.

Single mausoleums will be groupeii along the upper
roadway with a background of green hillsides or heavy
foliage. The circular plot and the Mall with their unbroken
lawns will thus be framed by the larger monuments.
The location of the Mall with reference to the Entrance
Circle is shown in the model on page 20.

Pnf^e Sexmlffti

Approach to the Circle
In line with this avenue will be the Memorial Monu-
ment and to the left will lie the Field of Nations.

Page Eighteen

The Field of Nations

PROMSION has been made at Fort Lincoln
to satisfy as nearly as may be the deep
desire of every one to rest in native soil.

A tract, therefore, has been set aside near the
entrance for a Field of Nations. Here the
governments of the world and national societies
will be enabled to make, as it were, a part of
their own native lands, tracts for the honored
burial of those of their citizens who die in this

Here, too, their fellow countrymen, visitors
to the nation's Capital, will have every oppor-
tunity to give attention to the resting places
ot those buried far from their homes.

It is expected that each government or foreign
society will erect a single worthy memorial to
all sleeping beneath the markers in its hallowed

In no other country- is there such a gathering
of citizens of other lands. Yet Fort Lincoln
offers thus far the only great burial place pro-
viding areas reserved for the citizens of other
nations. It is fitting that those dying far from
their own land should rest in soil consecrated
to their countrymen under the protection of
their legations, where perpetual and perfect
care of their graves is assured.

PiiK^ Nineteen



.^"'*^ *( .


Model of the Mall

Facing the ellipse is the Chapel, with the Cloisters at
the other end of the Mall. The entrance Monument is
at the left while Fort Lincoln is above the Chapel at the

Pu^e l\i-fnty

Adherence to Artistic Standards

FORT Ijiicoln has set for itself the highest
ideals of beauty. It will adhere to those
fundamental principles which have been well
summarized by the Commission of Fine x'\rts:

"The best practice of today minimizes the
monument and emphasizes the landscape. By
the use of native trees and shrubs the place of
the dead is made quiet and peaceful. In the
newer portions of Arlington the quiet of hill
and vale, of wooded slopes and green plains,
should be preserved that the cemetery may per-
form its true function as a resting place for the
warrior and also for those who would pay respect
to his memory."

In a recent report, in referring to Fort Lincoln,
the Commission states: "The architect and
landscape architect of that company consulted
the Commission informally a number of times
with a view to so locating their roads and treating
the grounds of the cemetery as to harmonize
with the park layout for the areas being reclaimed
along the river and to provide a roadway from
the park to the Baltimore Pike at Bladensburg.
The Commission, as an act of courtesy and
appreciation of such an effort on the part of a
private enterprise, visited the property with
their representatives and gave extensive advice."

I'ti^f T^i.(nty-one

Perpetual Care for Every Grave Assured
BY Ample Trust Fund

ASSURANCE of perpetual care for every
. plot and individual site is the basic
feature of this modern cemetery. This is guar-
anteed by placing in a trust fund a sufficient
part of the purchase price of each site to ensure
an adequate income for this very essential

This assures that for all time, the entire
cemetery and every individual plot and grave
will be kept in perfect condition. All grass and
sod will be kept well trimmed, faded flowers
removed, and walks, trees and shrubbery will
have constant care without expense or trouble
to owners. This guarantees to each owner that
his own and all neighboring sites will be sys-
tematically maintained.

This plan which safeguards owners from the
indifference of neighbors is immeasurably su-
perior to older plans which made maintenance
depend upon payment of annual fees, or left the
matter to the personal inclination or ability
of forgetful or remote relatives.

All phases of management will be in charge of
intelligent and considerate specialists assisted
by carefully selected employees well trained in
interment ceremonial. Specially devised equip-
ment designed to add to the solemnity and
minimize the physical aspects of interment has
been provided.

A permanent system of markings and records
ensures the location and identification of every
plot and grave. ,^t: ^ •;■;••':''

Pa^^e Taventy-tavo

Of Interest to Families, Churches, Societies
AND Fraternal Orders

AX extensive area of P\)rt Lincoln is now
. ready for the reception of the dead and
tor the erection of mausoleums.

The section already completed enables large
families, groups of friends, societies, churches
and fraternal organizations to obtain large sites
or grouped or adjoining plots.

Single graves are also obtainable in the sec-
tions devoted to single interments.

To assist those who do not believe in leaving
the inevitable purchase ot burial sites to hap-
hazard or hurried selection in time of griet, a
kindly plan of partial payments has been

Without any obligation, the Superintendent
of the Cemetery and its other representatives
will be glad to conduct visitors through the
grounds or to arrange by appointment tor their
transportation by automobile.



Cemetery Office City Office

Washington-Baltimore 828 14th Street

Boulevard . ^5$vt. Northwest

Telephone Lincoln 3579 "S?^ ^q)tt],ephone Franklin 4745

Paf^e Tiventy -three



014 366 244 5^


Online LibraryWashington Fort Lincoln cemeteryFort Lincoln, the modern park cemetery of Washington → online text (page 1 of 1)