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tween the hair of the mouflon and the dom-stic sheep, 21.

Beng<l, sheep of, obtained by the early colonists of Aus-
tralia, 72.

Bents, 169.

Berkshire sheep, the old breed of, 95 ; the Southdown
sheep in, 96.



11



[XDEX TO THE SHEKP.



Bicheno, Mr., his account of the Bunhel ia the museum
of the Zoological Society, 23.

Bible, pas^age.s in the, proving that sheep in the East were
anciently folded, 8 ; mention of sheep-shearing in the,
9 ; passages in the, alludin}^- to the dyed cluth, and fine-
woolled sheep of 'J'yre, 44 ; passages in the, illustrative
of the value attached to goat's hair, 161.

Black-faced, or short sheep, the, 111 ; improvement in the,
112.

Black-muzzle, 201.

Blain, or gloss-anthrax, causes of, 200 ; symptoms of, 200 ;
treatment of, 200.

Blankets, what made of, 155.

Bleeding, various methods of, 174 ; the first faltering of the
arterial action should be carefully watched in, 174.

Blood of the sheep, small quantity of, in proportion to its
weight, in comparison to that of other animals, 174 ;
quantity of, to be taken from the sheep, 174.

Blue vitriol, or sulphate of copper, 219.

Blyth, Mr., his description of the genus Ammotragns, 20.

Bcggy land, practice of draining the, in tlie Scotch moun-
tains, 119.

Bonibazeen, what, 155.

Bourg, migrations of the sheep of the plain of, 66.

Brahmin bull of the Zoological Gardens, the, quelled by a
ram, 85.

Brain of the sheep, size of, compared with that of the ox,
173.

Braxy, what, 187 ; dry, what, 187 ; causes of, 187 ; symp-
toms of, 187 ; treatment of, 188 ; appearances on dis-
section after, 187; water, what, 187; causes of, 189;
treatment of, 189 ; appearances upon dissection after,
189.

Breaches of the filament, nature and cause of, 14.

Brecknockshire, the mountain sheep of, 106.

Breed, the influence of, 34 ; the plan for improving an
indifferent, 79.

Breeder, rules for the, 78 ; a Lincolnshire, his account of
the average price of thS long-woolled Lincolnshire sheep,
79 ; fleece of the, 79.

Breeders, usual aims of, 124.

Breeding, 215 ; principles of, 77 ; good effects of a judi-
cious cross in, 79 ; importance of healthy sheep for, 80 ;
in-and-in, effects of, 79.

Breeds, various, of sheep, difference of, in external form,
76; European, importance of improving the, 34.

Bridges, the practice of erecting over brooks in the Scotch
mountains, 119.

Brinse, what, 48.

Britain, sketch of the history of, from the arrival to the
final departure of the Romans, 145.

British Association for the Advancement of Science,
discussion concerning the importance of attempts to
naturalize the llama, held at the ninth meeting of the,
159.

Britons, the ancient, certainly possessed sheep, 31.

Broad-cloths, plain, what, 155.

Bucharia, sheep of, description of the breed of, 39 ; cele-
brated lambskins of, 34.

Burchell, his account of the Cape sheep-skin, 39.

Buckinghamshire, the various breeds of sheep in, 115.

Bufllcm, his remarks on the moral distinctions between
sheep and goats, not apjilicable to the wild species of
either genus, 17 ; his remarks on the domestic sheep,
29.

Burchell, his picture of a cavalcade of Hottentot shepherds
with their flocks, 39.

Bunhell, the, description of, 23.

Butyr of antimony, 219.

Caermarthf.nsiiire, the sheep of, 106.
Caernarvonshire, the sheep of, 107 ; little attention paid to,
107.



Caesar. Julius, no mention made of British sheep or wool
by, 1 14.

Ciilif)rnian sheep, description of the, 29 ; manners of the,
29.

Calomel (submuriate or piotochloride of mercury), 192,
216.

Calves' and sheep's cordial useful in palsy, preparation of,
185.

Camargue, migrations of the sheep of the, 66.

Camel, the, possibility of introducing into Australia, 160.

Canal of the foot, the results of neglected inflammation of
the, 204 ; disease of the, called toot-rot, 204; treatment
of, 204 ; operation of dissecting out the, 204.

Cannae, the plains of, 59 ; in the time of the Romans, 59 ;
at the present time, 60.

Cannock Heath sheep, description of the, 104.

Cape of Good Hope, supplies of wool from, to Great Bri-
tain, 72 ; sheep, description of the, 39 ; management ot
the, 39 ; mutton, quality of the, 39.

Caraway-seeds, 218.

Carbonate (subcarbonate) of ammonia, 218.

Carpet manufactures, 154.

Carr, Mr., his account of the Escnrial breed of Merinos, 63;
of the Infantado, or Negretti breed of Merinos, 62; of
the Saxon or Merino sheep, 62.

Cashmere, what made of, 155; shawls, the texture of, 161 ;
difl^ereiit processes of manufacturing, 162; expense and
trouble attending the transmission of, to Europe, 162.

Castration, the operation of, 213.

Carbonate (sesqui-carbonate) of soda, 218.

Catarrh, epidemic, or iiifluenzn, symptoms of, 198 ; com-
mon .syinptoo^s of, 197; treatment of, 198.

Catechu, 218.

Caustics, 219.

Cerebellum, the, 176.

Cerebrum, the, 176.

Chalky-ground, deterioration in the wool of sheep fed on,
15.

Challis, what, 155.

Charge, Mr., his attempts to improve the long-woolled sheep
of Norlhnmbeiland, 127.

Cheshire, not a sheep district, 104.

Cheviot breed of sheep, the, 110; description of the, 77;
characteristics of the, 110; superiority of the, to the
black- faced breed with respect to feeding, 118; recent
increase of the, in Scotland, 118; cross of with the
Leicester breed of sheep, 110 ; cross of, with the South-
downs, 118; wool of the, 110, 111; superiority of, to
that of the black-faced breed of sheep, 118.

Chichester, fair for sheep at, 96.

Chinese breeds of sheep, 40 ; Tartary, sheep of, AD.

Chloride of lime, an invaluable disinfectant, 218 ; taken
internally, 218.

Chnnah breed, the, produced in Spain, 33; wool of the, 53.

Clarke, Mr., ofCanwick, sheep of the cross breed between
ihe Lincolns and Leicesters exhibited by him, 130.

C-'laywonh, Mr., his account of the symptoms and treatment
of epideniie catarrh, 198.

Climate afiecls the proportion of the wool to the hair, 33.

Clothing lambs, practised b3-the inhabitants of the Ukraine
and Podolia, 10; sheep, not practised either by the
Israelitish or Italian shepherds, 10.

Clover, considered as an article of food for sheen, 94.

Clun district, old breed of sheep in the, 103.

Coarse herbage, the practice of mowing down in the Scotch
mountains, 119.

Cock's foot grass, round-headed, or rough, 168.

Ccenurus cerebralis, the, 177 ; form of the, 177 ; repnduc-
tion of the, 177.

Colic, symptoms and treatment of, 189.

Colour, tendency of sheep to revert from white to a d.nrk, 10.

Commerce, one of the grand agents of civilization, 92 ; iu
woollens, in Englai.d, ol the year 1354, 149.



INDEX TO THE SUEEI



11]



Connuon salt (cloride of sodium, or muriate of soda), 216.

Con5.tipai)on of the bowels, in the lamb, cause and treat-
ment of, 215.

Consumption, or phthisis, what, 199; sheep transported
from a warm to a colder climate much more subject to,
than others, 200 j symptoms of, 199; the progress of,
199.

Con^'beare and Phillips, their description of the Mendip
range of hills, 100.

Coquo, the, of Angola, Congo, &c., description of, 41.

Cordials, 218.

Corn, crowfoot, poisonous, 202; best antidote for, 202.

Cornwall, the old breed of .'iheep in, 102 ; sheep of, change
in the character of the, 102.

Corrosive sublimate, 219.

Cortical substance in the brain of the sheep, proportion of,
to the medullary, 173.

Cossacks, their manner of travelling with their flocks,
46.

Cotes, the ancient, of the hill district of Gloucestershire,
133.

Cotswold Hills, the, 133 ; sheep, characters of the uU breed
of, 135 ; refutations of the theory of its having formerly
been a short-wooUed breed, 135 ; farmer, management of
his breed by the, according to the nature of his pastu-
rage, 135 ; old breed, cross of, with the Leice.sters, 135 ;
rather modified by, than absorbed into the Leicesters,
135 ; importation cf, into Spain, 134 ; sent from Kng-
land to Spain in 1464, 52 ; could not have been intended
to mix with the Spanish Merinos, 52 ; wool required by
Doni Duane, king of Portugal, for the manufacture of
cloth of gold, 53, 134; the cross-breed, extensively em-
ployed in the improvement of other breeds, 135.

Coltagh sheep, the characters of, 139; attempted cross of,
with tlie Merinos, 139 ; intermixture of, with the South-
douns, 139.

Coughing sheep should be slaughtered while yet in good
condition, 199.

Covered buildings for sheep, utility of, in mountain dis-
tricts, 88.

Crape, common, what, 155 ; Norwich, what, 155.

Crested dog-tail grass, 169.

Crepe de Lyons, what, 155.

Cretan sheep, the, see Wallachian sheep, 35.

Crimea, sheep of the, 46 ; management of their sheep, by
the Tartars of the, 46; manner of shearing the sheep of
the, 46 ; the gray lambskins of the, 46.

Crossing, necessity of caution in, 79.

Cruithne, the, early occupiers of Ireland, 138.

Cuckoo lambs, 213.

Culley, Messrs., labours of the, on the farm of Fenfon, near
Wooller, 127 ; Mr., his account of the Dishley breed of
sheep, 124; of his mode of managing his Dishley Leices-
ters, 128 ; of the origin of the term Herdwick, 109 ; of the
Lincoln sheep, 130; of the old long-wooUed Lincolnshire
sheep, 79; his ideas concerning the old dun-faced breed
of sheep, 112; his opinion of the Irish long-woolled
sheep, 139; his remarks on dentition, 75; on mountain
sheep, HI.

Cumberland, the sheep of, 109 ; black-faced sheep of, 77 ;
flocks of the Leicester sheep establislied in, 110; sheep,
the cross breeds of, with the Herdwick breed, 110.

Custom, the ancient, of giving names to sheep, not yet
e.xtinct, 4.

Cuvier, his distinction between sheep and goats, 17.

Cyprus, the sheep of, 45.

Danson, Mr., his arguments for the propagation of the

llama in England, 159.
Darby, Mr., his account of his experience in epidemic

catarrh among sheep, 198.
Dartmoor sheep, the, 100.
Darwin, Mr., his account of the wild guanaco, 157.



Daubenton, M., his attention to the improvement of sheep
in France, 64.

Dawson, Mr., of Witheall, extraordinary sheep of the cross-
breed between the Lincolns and Leicesters killed by him,
130.

Delamere breed of sheep, description of the, 104.

Delille, the Abbe, his description of the sheep-dog, 6.

Denbighshire, the sheep of, 106.

Denmark, the sheep of, 49 ; the wool trade of, 49 ; the in-
troduction of the Spanish Merino into, 63.

Dentition of the sheep, similar to tliat of the ox, 74;
similar to that of the goat, 18.

Derbyshire, the polled sheep of, crossing of, with the Leices-
ters, 113 ; rapid progress of the long-woolled breeds of
sheep in, 113.

Desmarest, M., his account of the commonest breed of sheep
found in Guinea, 41.

Devonshire, table of the principal breeds of sheep preva-
lent in, 101 ; the mountain-slieep of, 101 ; practice of
crossing them with the Leicesters, 101 ; little progress
of the Southdown sheep in, 101 ; quantity of long-wool
grown in, 100 ; woollen manufacturers in, 154.

Diarrhoea, 190; causes of, 190; treatment of, 190; in the
lamb, causes, symptoms, and treatment of, 214.

Digitalis, 217.

Dike, Mr., his flock of sheep, advantages derived from the
introduction of Southdowns into, 97.

Diseases of sheep, 172.

Dishley Society, establishment of the, 125 ; rules of the,
125 ; breed, the little attention to the wool of the, 126 ;
characteristics cf the, 77 ; wool sacrificed to carcase in
the, 78; introduced into Northumberland by Mr. Culley,
for a time eclipsed by a Lincolnshire breed, i2S ; ultimate
triumph of the, in Northumberland, 128 ; ram, selection
of a, for a breeding stock, 125 ; for wethers, 125,

Distension of the ahomasum with curd in the lamb, 215 ;
causes, symptoms, and treatment of, 215 ; of the rumen
with food, see Hoove.

Dog, dependence of sheep upon the, in districts where
wolves abound, 84.

Dorking, 214.

Dorsetshire, the pure breed of sheep of, 97 ; account of the,
97 ; description of the, 98 ; management of the, 98 ;
kept in many parts of Sussex, 95 ; in the vicinity of
Petworth, management of the, 95 ; grass lambs of the,
fed in the vicinity of Petworth, 95.

Dose of medicine, proper size of a, for a sheep, 216.

Downs of Sussex, general character of the, 93 ; extent of
the, 93 ; height of the, 93 ; number of sheep fed on the,
94 ; breed between the sheep of the, and the Dorset-
shire, 99.

Drafting off, the practice of, 215.

Drainage, thorough, importance of, in a sheep farm, 195.

Dressings, the best, 219.

Dropsy, common, symptoms, and treatment of, 189; acute,
see Water-braxy.

Dukhun, goats of the, 40 ; sheep of the, 40.

Dun-faced sheep, old breed of, description of the, 112.

Durham, various breeds of sheep in, 112; short-hornej
cattle of, treatment of the, 78.

Dysentery, various cases of, quoted by Mr. Hogg, 191, 192 ;
causes of, 191; treatment of, 191, 192; serviceable mix-
ture for, 217.

East Riding of Yorkshire, breed of sheep of the, 113.

Edward III., his attention to the commercial interests of
England, 147 ; IV., statutes of, for putting down ma-
chinery, 149.

Egyptian sheep, character of the, 38 ; management of the,

Elasticity, one of the most valuable properties of wool, 15;

of staple, what, 15.
Ellis, ^i^., his account of the Lincoln sheep, 129.



INDKX TO THE SHEEP.



EUman, Mr., his Southdowns, high prices at which they
sold at various periods, 95 ; his account of the improve-
ment in the Southdown sheep, 94.
England, tardiness of, in naturalizing the Merino breed of

sheep, 67 ; reasons for, 67.
English sheep, great desiderata in, 70 ; abundance of, in
the twelfth century, 146 ; long-woolled, naturalization of,
in France, 65 ; wool, recent deterioration in, 78.
Enteritis, or inflammation of the bowels, 190; comparison
between, and acute dropsy, 190 ; symptoms of, 190 ;
treatment of, 190 ; appearances presented on dissection
after, 190.
Epidemic plague, or pestilence, 210 ; symptoms of, 211;

treitment of, 211.
Epilepsy in various animals, causes of, 184; symptoms of,
in the sheep, 184 ; treatment of, 184 ; mode of checking
a fit of, in some parts of England, 184.
Epsom salts (sulphate of magnesia), 216.
Ergot of rye, 217.

Erzeroum, supplies of sheep imported to Syria from, 38.
Escurial breed of sheep, the, what, 63.
Esquileos, what, 56.
Essex, various breeds of sheep in, 115; woollen mnnufac-

tures in, 154.
Estremadiira, sterility of a portion of the flats of, 57.
Ethmoid bone, the, 176.

Ewe, a bereaved, transfer of affection of, to a stranger lamb,
81 ; adoption of a stranger lamb by, not connected with
any false supposition, 82 ; boldness of the, in defence of
her lambs, 82 ; devotion of the, for her young, marvel-
lous tale of the, 82 ; numerous anecdotes relating to the,
82.
Ewes, care taken of, in Sussex, at the yeaning time, 94 ;
young, preferred by the Sussex breeders, 94 ; maternal
affection of, 81.
Exmoor sheep, the, 100.
Experiments made by .Mr. Robert Smith concerning the

best food and management for sheep, 169, 170.
External applications, 218.
Eye of the sheep, description of the, 90.

Farmer, the, should attend to the slightest symptom of dis-
ease in his live-stock, 204.

Fat, propensity of the nev/ Lincolnshire sheep to, accumu-
late, disadvantage of the, 130; tailed sheep, the (Ovis
Aries), different breeds of, 37.

Feeder, the sheep, low gains of, 118 ; importance of wool
to the, 118.

Felting of wool, the art of, known to the Egyptians, 3 ; the
process of, 12; various theories upon, by which writers
have endeavoured to account for it, 10 ; in woven fabrics,
13 ; produced in flannel by washing, 13.

Female sheep, various names of, at different periods of her
life, 74.

Femoral artery, position of the, 174.

Ferdin.md King of Portugal, law made by him concerning
sheep-keeping, 57.

Feroe Islands, sheep of the, 30.

Fescue grass, hard, 168; meadow, 1C9 ; shceps', 168;
Welsh, 168.

Fever, symptoms of, 185; treatment of, 185 ; in the lamb,
treatment of, 215; inflammatory, 185; symptoms of,
185; treatment of, 186 ; medicine, good mixture fora, 217.

Fezzan breed, the, described by Shaw as the Sahara sheep,
42 ; diet and management of, 42 ; specimen of, in the
Zoological Gardens, 41.

Filire of wo.d, a))pearance of when viewed as a transparent
object, 11 ; when viewed as an opaque object, 11.

Fina wool, what, 56.

Finden, fair for sheep at, G6.

Fleece, the, of the sheep, a self-regislering Ui'irmometer,
16 ; of short-woolled sheep, usually divided into ten lots,
15.



Flemings, arrival of, in England, in 1337; 148; cultivation
of the woollen manufacture by the, 147.

Flintshire, the sheep of, 106.

Flocks, management of, in some parts of France, 5 ; general
routine of the management of Leicester, 166.

Fluke, form of the, 194; various opinions concerning the, 193.

Fly, the, 209 ; treatment of, 209 ; powder sued for, 209.

Flying stocks, what, 215.

Folding sheep at night, associates should not be separated
in, 84.

Fomentations, 219.

Foot-rot, the true progress of, 205 ; treatment of in the
outset, 205 ; some breeds of sheep more liable to it than
others, 206 ; disputed question whether infectious or not,
205; proof of the non-contagion of, 206.

Foxes, annoyance of, to the sheep of Iceland, 51.

Fractures, 211 ; treatment of, 211.

France, not a great sheep country, 67 ; measures taken to
establish a pure long-woolled breed of sheep in, 65 ; in-
troduction of Spanish Merinos into, by Colbert, 64 ; im-
portation of Spanish Merinos into, by M. de I'erce, 64 ;
limited spread of Merinos in, 65 ; causes of, 65.

Fraser, Mr., his description of the mouflon, tenanting the
mountains in the neighbourhood of Nishapore, 22.

Frederick the Great, his attention to the improvement of
agriculture, 61 ; his importation of Spanish sheep into
Prussia, 61.

French Republic, means taken by, for the improvement of
sheep in France, 64 ; purchase of Spanish slieep by, 61 ;
Merinos, average value of, at various periods, 64 ; wool,
average price of, at various periods, 64.

Frontal bones, the, 175 ; description of the, 175 ; sinuses,
nature of the, 176.

Gad-fly, disease caused by, 176.

Gall-lamb, treatment of, 213.

Garget, or inflammation of the substance of the udder, 209 ;

syniptoms and treatment of, 210.
Gascony, breed of sheep in, 67.
Gemmules of the hydatid, the, 177.
Gentian, a good tonic, 217.
George lit, importation into England of a flock of

Spanish ilerinos by, 67.
German Merinos, attention required by the, 63 ; wool,

the, 63.
Gestation and parturition, 211.
Ghoral, Mr. Hodgson's account of the, 18.
Ginger, a cordial, 218.
Glamorganshire, general character of, 105 ; characteristics

of the native sheep of, 105.
Gloucestershire, divisions of, 133 ; old breed of sheep in,

103 ; present breed of sheep in, 103 ; the woollen manu-
factures of, 153.
Goat, early history of the, interwoven with that of the

sheep, 9; the, much modified by domestication, 17.
Golden Fleece, description of tlie endeavours of Edward

III. to make England a wool-manuficturing country,

given in a curious book entitled the, 147.
Goodman, Mr., his account of the present employment of

the English short wools, 92.
Gohier, M., bis experiments concerning the contagion of

the foot-rot, 205.
Graham, Mr. John, preparation used by, for smearing sheep,

220; mixture for smearing sheep, recommended by, 89.
Grass, hair, melic, and cotton, 169.
Grasses, the principal, which compose the pasture-lands of

Great Britain, 168.
Great Britain, table of wool exported to Norway from, 49.
Great-head, disease described by Mr. Hogg under the

name of, 200.
Grecian method of making cheese, 45 ; sheepskin flnds a

ready sale in the islands of the Greek Archipelago, 46 ;

sheepskin, the price of, 46.



INDEX TO THE SHEEP.



Greece, the sheep of, degenerated from their pristine excel- 1

lence, 45 ; bad management of sheep in, 45.
Green-rye, a good spring food for sheep, 94 ; great caution

necessary in giving, 94, 166.
Gregarious animals, spirit of imitation shown by, S9.
Guadaloupe breed of sheep, the, what, 63.
Guanaco, the, curiosity of, 157; llama, journeys of the,

156 ; tame, description of, 156 ; wild, locality of, 157 ;

description of, 158 ; habits of, 157.
Guienne, breed of sheep in, 67.
Guilds, forming of manufacturers into, 145.
Guild, the, of the weavers of London, 146 ; of the weavers

of Oxford, 146.
Guinea, breeds of sheep in, 41 ; two varieties of sheep

reared in, 34 ; the sheep of, crossed with Dutch and

English sheep, 41 ; the result, 41.
Gullet, shortness of the, in the sheep, 20'2 ; obstruction of

the, treatment of, 202.

Hair and wool of various animals, comparison between, 11.

Hall, Mr., his account of an adventure with a flock of
mountain sheep, 85.

Hampshire, number of sheep reared in, 96 ; management
of sheep in, 96 ; sheep, average price of, 96 ; the old
crossed by the Southdown, 95 ; tlie Southdown sheep
iu, 96; west country sheej), 96.

Haran, the well of, used for watering sheep, 7.

Hawes, Mr. John, case related by him of a number of
sheep poisoned by wlieat, 203.

Hearing, acute sense of, in the sheep, 90.

Heart, the, of the sheep usually felt to ascertain the force
of the circulation, 174 ; liability of, to oppression, 173, 174.

Hebrides, sheep of the, 119.

Henry II., statue of, prohibiting the mi.xture of Spanish
with English wool in the manufacture of broadcloths, 146.

Herdwick breed of sheep, the, 109; singular introduction
of, 109 ; spread of, in Cumberland and Westmoreland,
109; general character of, 109.

Hereford breed of sheep, wool of, in 1800 and in 1828, 103.

Hertfordshire, the sheep of, 115.

Hill district, the, of Gloucestershire, 133; sheep of Wales,
recent improvement in the management of the, 106.

Hodgson, Mr., his table of the differential characters between
the genera ovis and capra, 17.

Hogg, Mr., his account of the Scotch shepherd's life in
winter, 117; of the damage done by a snow-storm in
1794, 88; of the "thirteen drifty days in the middle of
the seventeenth century," 88 ; of the superstition of the
natives of Cairn Gorm and Lochavin concerning the
great-head, 200; of several salves for smearing, 220; of
the custom of supplying the place of a lamb to the
mother, 81 ; his anecdote of a bereaved ewe, 83 ; his
directions for the treatment of diarrhoea, 190; operation
in the case of hydatids recommended by him, 179 ; his
rules for the prevention of dry braxy, 187.

Hoof of the sheep, 205 ; eflfect of low moist land on the,
205.

Hoove, or distension of tlie stomach with gas, treatment of,
202 ; kind of food apt to produce, 202 ; danger of, in
turnip feeding, 166.

Hooze, or bronchitis, symptoms of, 197 ; accompanied with
parasitic worms, treatment of, 197.

Horn, the shepherd's, 5 ; still used in collecting cattle, 5.

Hottentots, the, their excellence as shepherds, 39.

House-Iamb, manner of rearing, 98.

Hungary, the sheep possessions of, 63.

Huniah or Bhotean domesticated sheep, Jlr. Hodgson's

account of the, 34.
Huntingdonshire, the sheep of, 115.

Husbandry, revolution in, 136.

Hydatids in the brain, 177 ; manner of accounting for their
presence, 178; the operation of removing, 179; rarely
successful, ISO; operation in the case of, recommended



by Mr. Hogg, abjections to the, ISO; French operation

ill the case o"t, 179, 180; prevention of, 180.
Hydrocephalus, or water in the head, 180; causes of, 180;

symptoms of, 180; plan of treatment recommended in,

ISO.
Hydrochloric acid, 219.

Iceland, attention paid to the rearing of cattle in, 49;
sheep, description of the, 56 ; management of the, 50 ;
wintering of the, 51; casualties to which they are ex-
posed, 50 ; sometimes acquire the habit of nibbling each
others' fleece, 51 ; the introduction of Merino sheep from
Norway into, 50 ; the introduction of Spanish rams into,
50.
Icelander, the, importance of the sheep to, 50.
' Illustrations of Natural History,' account of the friendship

of a hnrse and sheep in the, 84.
Indian breeds of sheep, 40.
Infantado breed of sheep, the, what, 63.
Inflammation of the brain, or phrenitis, 181 ; symptoms of,
181; of the liver, symptoms of, 192; treatment of, 192 ;
of the spleen, 196; treatment of, 196.
Interdigital pit, the, 203; present in the sehep, but wanting

in the goat, 18.
Intermaxillary bones, the, 175; nasal processes of, 175;

palatine processes of, 175.
Iodine, 217 ; of potassium, 217.

Ireland, relics of ancient civilization in, 138 ; antiquity of
flocks and herds in, 138 ; suitableness of, for the rearing
of sheep, 137; little improvement in the slieep of, to be
traced to tlie Merinos, 72 ; the introduction of the



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