W.C.L. (William Charles Linnaeus) Martin.

The farmer's library, animal economy (Volume v.2) online

. (page 135 of 140)
Online LibraryW.C.L. (William Charles Linnaeus) MartinThe farmer's library, animal economy (Volume v.2) → online text (page 135 of 140)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Dishley sheep into, 140 ; results of, 140; causes of the
great exportation of animal food from, 140 ; wool-manu-
facture of, at the time of the union with England, 138 ;
wool and yarn exported from, to England in 1772 and
1811, 138.
Irish lambs, havoc made among by eagles and foxes, 139 ;
slieep, two breeds of the ancient, 139 ; different manage-
ment of, in the several districts, 141; importation of,
into England, 140; long-wooUed, the old, 139; South-
down, partial failure of the, 139; Southdown wool, enor-
mous prices given for at various times, 139; wolf-dog,
the ancient, characteristics of, 138.
Irritation of the skin, treatment of, 209.
Isle of Man, sheep of the, 122 ; of Portland, breed of sheep
in the, 99 ; of Wight, number of sheep kept in the, 97 ;
of Wight farmer, importance of early lambs to the, 97 ;
of Wight, sheep of, 97.
Italian net, what, 155.
Italy, the migratory sheep and shepherds of, 58.

Jakdine, Sir AV., his account of the adoption of a litter of

pigs by a setter bitch, 82.

Jaubert, Mr., his expedition in search of the genuine shawl-
goat, 162.

Jaw, lower, of the sheep, 74.

Jenkinson, Anthony, his description of the Persian sheep,
37.

Jharal of the Nepal range of hills, Mr. Hodgson's account
of the, IS.

Jugular or neck vein, method of bleeding from the, 175.

Kaborghan, manufacture of posteens at, 40.

Kalmuc breed of sheep, description of the, 36.

Kebsch, the, see Ovis Tragelaphus.

Kerman, manufacture of numuds at, 40.

Kirguise breed of slieep, description of the, 35.

Kitto, Dr., his account of the migration of a nomade tribe,
7 ; his observations on the custom of leading instead of
following sheep, 5 ; on the purple cloth of the Pelopon-

Koch, the, see Ovis Vignei.

Korasan, manufacture of numuds at, 40.



VI



INDEX TO THE SHEEP.



Lachrymal bones, the, 175.

La Cran, sheep of ihe district of, 66; migrdtions of the, 66.

Lamb, the, wool of, 16.

Lamber, the duties of a, 212 ; what he should be provided

with, 212.
Lambs, usual time of birth of, 80 ; disadvantages of too
early birth of, 80 ; of too late birlh of, 80 ; sorting of the,
215; from the breeders, average price of, 118; house,
management of, 80; Welsh, the practice of weaning at
an early age, 105; objections to this, 105; shearing,
Welsh practice of, 105.
Lambskin, value of, in Tartary, 1 ; cruel method of pro-
curing it in perfection, 1.
Lanarkshire, the great nursery of the black-faced horned
sheep, 116; management of sheep in, 116; plan pursued
in some parts, of pasturing them in the lower districts in
the depths of winter, 116.
Lancashire, the sheep of, 109; Ihe manufactures of, 153.
Languedoc, breed of sheep in, 66.
Larva of the gad-flv, form of the, 176.
Larvs, of the oestrus ovis, course of the, 176 ; annoyance of

the, to the sheep, 176.
Laryngitis, symptoms and treatment of, 197.
La Soloque, treatment of the sheep of, 185.
Lasteyrie, M., his distinction of tlie different Hocks of the

Leonese migratory Merinos, 63.
Laudanum, or tincture of opium, 219.
Laurence, Mr. J., his account of a case of phrenitis, 181.
Law, the, formerly in force, against exporting sheep into
Ireland, 140 ; laws forbidding the exportation of wool
from England, 146.
Leicestershire, the long-woolled race of sheep radiated
from, 115; woollen manufactures of, 154; breed of
sheep, advantages derived by France from the establish-
ment of the, ill, 65 ; the improved breed of, pas-
turage required by, 126 ; the disposition of, to accumulate
outside fat, 127; quality of the mutton of the, 126; the
wool sacrificed to the carcase in the establishment of,
14; not a hardy race, 127; the influence of, visible in
many other breeds, 127, 136 ; the old characters of, 123.
Leonese Transhumantes, journeys of the, 54.
Lewes, stock-market at, 96.
Limestone, tracts of, deterioration in the wool of sheep fed

on, 15.
Lincolnshire, the sheep of, 113; wool of the, 130; old
breed, value of the wool of, 81 ; inferiority of the carcases
of, 80; crossing of the, with the Dishlty Leicesters, 80;
beneficial results 80 ; crosses between, and the new
Leicesters, 130 ; tlie new, wool of the, 131; introduced
into Northumberland, 128; farmer, exclusive attention
paid to wool by the, 130.
Lindfield, fair for sheep at, 96.
Linen, use of, by the Egyptians, 3.
Linseed oil, 216.
Little, his account of the qualifications for a mountain

shepherd, 117.
Liver of the sheep, size of the, 192.

Llama, wide application of the term, 155 ; locality of the,
155 ; natural food of the, IGO ; herd of the, sent liy Godoy
to the Empress Josephine, 159; adventures of, 159; tlie
domestic, distinctions between, and the tame guaiiaco,
157 ; numbers of the, killed in Petu for the sake of their
wool, 159; attempt to naturalize tlie, in England, failure
of the, 160; causes of, 160; the wool of the, 159; im-
portation of, into Europe, 159.
Locked-jaw, or tetanus, 183.
Longmynd, sheep of the, 104 ; cross between, and the

Southdown, 104.
Long-woolled sheep, what, 90 ; description of the, 123 ;

antiquity of the, 134.
Loughton sheep, the, 122.

Lowland sheep, foresight of the approach of a snow-storm
e.'chibited by the, 85.



Low, Mr., his account of the manner of divesting sheep of

their wool, in Orkney, 9.
Luccock,Mr.,liis description of the wool of the Dishley slieep,

after proper attention had been paid to its quality, 126 ;

his remarks on the yolk, 13.
Lungs, unsound, appearance of, in a slaughtered sheep, 199.
Luxury, the demands of, 99.

Maison Alfort, transportation of Bakewell's Leicesters
to a farm at, 65.

Majiggry, the breed of sheep in Soudan, 41.

Maladie de Soloque, the, 186; symptoms of the, 186;
treatment of, 186 ; appearances after death from the, 187.

Mai d'Araignee, the, 210.

Male sheep, various names of the, at different periods of his
life, 74 ; in Scotland and the North of England, 74.

Management of lambs, the, 213.

Manchester cottons, act of parliament passed in 1552, con-
cerning, 153.

Mangel-wurzel, evils attending the cultivation of, 165 ; man-
ner of giving, 166; dry food should be given with, 166.

Manufactured goods, the, exported from England in 1354,

149 ; imported to England, 149.

Maria Theresa, the Empress, her introduction of the

Spanish Merino into Au>tria, 62.
M'Arthur, Captain, breed of sheep introduced by him,

excellence of the wool of the, 72.
Maxillary bone, the inferior, 175; the superior, 175.
M'Culloch, Mr., his account of the cloth manufacture at

various epochs, 152 ; of the revival of the woollen trade,

150 ; of the wool trade during the last century, 2 ; of the
measures taken by Edward III. for the improvement of
the wool manufacture, 147; of the woollen manu'actures
of Scotland, 155 ; of the woollen manufactures of Wales,
108 ; his estimate of the annual produce of wool in the
Britisli empire, 137 ; his remarks on the laws made for
putting down machinery, 149 ; his table of items regard-
ing the manufacture of woollens in Great Britain, 3 ; his
tabular view of the principal British breeds of sheep, in
1839, 91 ; his views concerning tl.e naturalization of the
llama in England, 160.

Meadow fox-tail grass, 168.

Meatus auditorius, 175.

Medicine, manner of giving, to sheep, 202, 216.

Medicines adopted in the treatment of sheep, 216.

Mendip range ofhil's, the, 100; extent of, 100 ; sheep, tlie,
100 ; absorbed into a mingled race, 100.

Mercurial ointment, 219.

Merino, what, 155.

Merino breed, the, produced in Spain, 33 ; general descrip-
tion of the, 53 ; pure, the Estantes, 53 ; the Transhu-
mantes, 53; the idea of crossing other breeds with the,
not entertained until a comparatively recent period, 60 ;
the introduction of, into Denmark, 49 ; the introduction
of into Tartary, 46; the wool of the, 54; contimious
growth of, 69; remains of the ancient varielies of colour
ill the, 51 ; hue, the, indicates the original colours of the
indigenous br.eds of Spain, 52 ; lambs, necessity of
destroying great numbers of, as soon as yeaned, 56 ;
Society, establishment of a, in England, 70.

Merionethshire, the sheep of, 106 ; practice of clipping
twice in the year, 107.

Mesopotamia, supplies of sheep imported to Syria from, 38.

Mesta system, the, what, 54 ; account of, 55 ; origin of,
attributed by Piidre S.irinento to the desolation caused by
the plague in Spain, 57 ; est.iblished by ancient usage,
60 ; the real motive of overlooked by the Spanish shep-
herds, 60 ; how far conducive to the value of the Merino
wool, 57.

Metropolis, alterations effected in tlie supply of slu (p to the,
by the railroad and the steam-vesstl, 1 13.

Middlese.x, the sheep of, 115.
i .Middle-woolled sheep, qualities of tl.e, 91.



INDEX TO THE SHEEP.



Vll



^ligration of the Spanish Traiishuraantes, system of, 54 ;

plan of, 54.
Miry, not flooded, land, injurious to sheep, 195.
Molina de Aragou, obstacles to agriculture presented by

Monge, M., his theory concerning the felting of wool, 10.

Monmouthshire, old breed of sheep in, 103 ; present breed
of sheep in, 103.

Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley, her account of the amuse-
ments of the peasantry of European Turkey, 4.

Montana de Aragon, obstacles to agriculture presented by
the, 58.

Moiitbar, establishment of sheep on a farm near, 61.

ISIontgomeryshire, the hill sheep of, 106 ; the fleece of, 106.

Moorcroft, Mr., his opinion of the flock of shawl goats
procured by M. Jaubert, 163.

Moore, Mr., of Winthorpe, ewe possessed by him, 76.

Mooiish Spain, perfection is the manufacture of woollen
fabrics attained by, 52.

Moorlands, yeaning time in the, 113 j the sheep of the, in-
dependence of, 84.

Morfe Common sheep, description of the, 103 ; attempt to
cross them with the Merinos, 103.

Morocco, breed of sheep in, 45.

Moss and heath on the hills, practice of burning the, in
the Scotch mountains, 119.

Mouflon, the (Ovis Musimon), 20; character of, 21; de-
scription of, 21 ; hair of, 20 ; the Armenian, (Ovis Gme-
lenii), 22; description of, 22 ; of Cyprus, (Ovis Ohpion,)

22 ; of the central parts of Persia, 22 ; of tlie Kaclmn
region of Nepal (Ovis Nahoor), 23 ; description of, 23;
of Little Thibet {Ovis Vignei), 23; description of the,

23 ; of Sardinia and Corsica, according to some writers
the parent stock of our domestic sheep, 19.

Mountain sheep of Great Britain, boldness of the, 84 ; de-
fensive attitude of tlie, 85 ; habit of the, of never de-
scending into the valley at night, 85 ; farmer, the,
precariousness of his profits, 116; feeders, their treat-
ment of sheep, 118.

Mousselin-de-laine, what, 155.

Muzzle of the sheep, description of the, 74.

Mysore-country, sheep of the, 40.

Names given to individual sheep in ancient times, 4.

Napier, the Hon. \V. J., his advocacy of stells for mountain
sheep, 88 ; his plan for smearing sheep, 89.

Nasal bones, the, 175 ; cavity, lining membrane of the,
176.

Navarre, la Basse, breed of sheep in, 66.

Negretti breed of sheep, the what, 63 ; Merinos, sale of
the, belonging to George III., 70.

Nervous system, the, 173.

Neurotomy, might be performed with advantage on the
sheep, 211.

Newgate and Leadenhall markets, supplies to, in July
1847, 144: prices sold at, 144.

New South Wales, causes of loss against which the sheep-
keeper of, has to contend, 73 ; damage done by the
droughts of, 72 ; diseases of the sheep of, 73 ; manage-
ment of the sheep of, 72.

New wheat, poisonous, 203.

Nigritia, see Soudan.

Nitrate of potass, 217 ; of silver, a good caustic, 219.

Noriblk farmers, partiality of, to turnips as food for sheep,
115; sl-.etp, improvement in the, 115; comparison be-
tween, and tbe Souihdovvn, 114; system of feeding the,
115; peculiar breed of lieatli sheep of, 113; superseded
by the Southdowns, 114; recent increase in the long-
woidled sheep of, 115; the manufactures of, 130 ; the
woollen manufactures of, 153.

North Downs, sheep of the, 96; Riding, breed of sheep of
the, 112.

Northumberland and Durham, long-wooUed breed of sheep



of 127 ; the breeds of sheep of, 1 10 ; bl.ick-faced sheep of,

77; the mountain sheep of, 110; the turnip husbandry

of, 110.
North Wales, the hill sheep of, 106; number of sheep in,

108.
Norway, wool imported to Great Britain from, 49 ; sheep

of, 49.
Norwich, colonization of, by the Flemings, 130, 153;

establishment of a cloth manufactory at, by Edward III.,

and Philippa of Hainault, 147.
Nottinghamshire, former breeds of short-woolled sheep

of, 113.
Notts, or Natts, breed of sheep called, description of the,

100.

Oat- GRASS, yellow, 169.

Oecipital-bone, the, 175.

Ochre, custom of rubbing the loins of the Spanish Tran-
shumantes with, 55.

Odessa, quality of the wool exported from, 46.

CEstrus Ovis, the, 176.

Oil-cake, a useful article of food for sheep, 165.

Oil, or essence of peppermint, 218.

Ointment recommended for the scab by Mr. Hogg, 209.

Ointments and lotions, 219; used for garget, 210.

Opium, a valuable sedative, 217.

Orbits, the bony, of the eye, 175.

Orkney Islands, sheep of the, 119.

Orleans cloth, what made of, 155.

Os cordis, the, 173.

Ottara, Russian flocks of sheep, movements of the, 47 ;
enemies of the, 47.

Otter-sheep, the, 73.

O.xfordshire, the sheep of, 135; new, 135.

Ovejas marinas, similarity of the, to the old dun-faced
sheep, 112.

Ovid, his account of a plague which depopulated -Egina,
210, 211.

Ovis, the genus, uncertainty enveloping the wild species
of, 26 ; propensity for salt exhibited by, 28 ; distinctive
characters of, .19; Ornata, the, 20 ; Tragelaphus, descrip-
tion of the, 19.

Owen, Professor, his account of various fossil remains of
the goat, 30.

Pacha, Ibrahim, his attempt to increase the number of
sheep produced in Syria, 38.

Paco-llama, the, 158 ; specimen of, in the Zoological
Gardens, 158.

Parietal bones, the, 175.

Paris, supplies of sheep to, 67.

Parkinson, Mr., his description of the Irish mode of sheep
washing and shearing, 141 ; proof given by, of the con-
tagion of the foot-rot, 205.

Parliament called in 1337 for the purpose of settling the
wool trade, 148.

Parry, Dr , excellence of his breed of Anglo-merino
sheep, 69; his experiments in crossing the Spanisli
Merinos with English sheep, 68; his management^ of
sheep, 68 ; his objection to the custom of washing
sheep before shearing, 69.

Parson, his description of the march of a horde of Arabs, 7.

Parturition, practice of removing the ewes to a richer pas-
ture before the time of, 211; preparations for, 211;
proper sitixation lor, 211; proper treatment in, 212,
213.

Paget, Mr., list of the prices realized by a stock of D ishley
ewes sold by him, 126.

Palate of the shtep, description of the, 74.

Palsy, or paralysis, causes ol, 184; treatment of, 185; little
hope of cure in, 185.

Pamir sheep (Ovis Pvlii), Mr. BIyth's account of the, 25;
description of the, 25.

d



INDEX TO THE SHEEP.



Pasture-land, importance of attention to the nature of the

grass produce of, 167 ; of not overstocking, 167.
Paular breed of sheep, the, what, 63.
Peak of Derbyshire, black-faced sheep of the, 113.
Pecunia, money, derived from pecus, a flock, 16.
Peloponnesus, the, purple and scarlet cloths d^cd there, 44.
Pelt of the mouflon, character of the, 21.
Penistone breed of sheep, the, 113 ; crossed with the Lei-

cesters, the Cheviots, and the Kyelands, 113.
Penny Magazine, extract from the, 86.
Perpignan, establishment of a farm at, for the rearing of

Merino sheep, 64.
Persian sheep, the, description of, 37 ; capable of great

improvement, 37 ; the fat-tailed, 40 ; wool of, 40.
Perspiratory vessels, the sluggishness of, in ihe sheep,

compared with those of the man and the horse, 174.
Pestilential diseases, antiquity of, 210.
Petw orth, (air for sheep at, 96.
Philip and Mary, statutes of, for putting down machinery,

149.
Phrenitis, treatment in, 181.
Pickloch Merino, description of the, 66.
Pipe, the shepherd's, still used in many parts of the Alps,

and in some provinces of France, 5.
Plague, the, of 1348-50, ravages of the, 57.
Plaiding, the manufacture of, 154.
Plaisters, nature of, 219 ; use of, 219; a good, in cases of

the fly, 219.
Planaria, the, 194.
Plants, variety of, eaten by the sheep, compared with the

horse and tlie ox, 202.
Plint, Mr., his reasoning against the cultivation of the

Anglo-merino, 71.
Pneumonia, appearance of, as an epidemic, 197 ; symptoms

of, 196 ; causes of, 196 ; treatment of, 197 ; appearances

presented on examination alter death from, 196.
Poisons, 202.
Polyliius, his account of the use of the shepherd's horn in

ancient times, 5.
Pompadour, establishment of a farm at, for the rearing of

Merino sheep, 64.
Poplin, what, 155.
Porloch, the breed of sheep of, 100.
Potash in lime-water, solution of, 218.
Potatoes, advantages of steaming for sheep, 166 ; manner

of giving, 166.
Poultices, the best, 219.
Price, Mr., his account of the Romney Marsh sheep, 131;

of the ravages of inflammatory fever among the sheep of

Romney Marsh, 186.
Provence, proceedings of the migratoi-y sheep of, Q6 ; the

shepherds of, 66 ; the sheep of, 66.
Prussia, improvement of the sheep of, by crossing with the

Sik'sian flock, 61 ; introduction of the Spanish Merino

sheep into, 61 ; of the Saxo-merino sheep, 61 ; present

sheep possessions of, 69.
Pulmonary artery, the, of the sheep, 173.
Piirik sheep, the, of Ladakh, merit of, 34.
Pyrenees, high, breed of sheep in the, 66 ; lower, breed of

sheep in the, 66.

Rabifs, or madness, 182; symptoms of, 182; danger in
handling a sheep affected by, 182 ; appearances pre-
sented upon dissection of a rabid sheep, 182 ; no credit-
able farmer would sell a sheep afieottd by, 183.

Riimbouillet, experiments tried at the farm at, 69.

Ram, pioper form of the, 76; selection ol, for breeding,
79 ; strength of the, 85.

Rape, considered as an article of food for sheep, 94.

Ke.ul, Ml-., his account of the cause and progress of the
foot-rot, 206 ; do., remedial measures to be taken in, 207.

Red-water, see Water-braxy.

Refina wool, what, 56.



Rheumatism, symptoms and treatment of, 203.

Richard Coeur de Lion, tlie ransom of, to the Emperor of
Germany, paid in wool, 146.

Riley, Mr., his efforts to introduce the Thibet goat into
Australia, 163.

Rocky Mountain sheep, description of the, 27; the atten-
tion of naturalists not drawn to until 1803,28; Father
Piciolo's account of the, 27 ; specimen of, in the British
Museum, 27 ; resemblance between and the Siberian
Argali, 27 ; distinction between and the Siberian Argali,
28 ; colour of, 28 ; habits of, 28.

Romans, establishment of woollen manufactories at Win-
chester by them, 31.

Romney Marsh, the character of, 131 ; breed of sheep of,
95; ancient race of the, 131; cross of the, with the
Leicesters, 132; the improved established, 132; care
required by, in the lambing season, 133 ; hardships to
which they are exposed in winter, 132 ; qualities of the,
131.

Rot, the sheep of marshy districts principally diseased
with, 194 ; the result of neglected inflammation of tha
liver, 192 ; various opinions concerning the cause of,
194; symptoms of, 193; treatment of, 195; ravages of
the, 193.

Rough-stalked meadow grass, 168.

Rousillon, the sheep of, 65.

Rowing sheep, common in Italy in early times, 9 ; still
practised in Italy in the time of Pliny, 9 ; manner of,
119, 120.

Rowland, Messrs., of Kilkenny, introduction of Merinos
into the flock of, 71.

Russia, Southern, the wool exported from, 46 ; recent im-
provement in the wool of, 46.

Russian goats, their use in storms and hurricanes, 47.

Russian sheep, their exposure on the plains, 47.

Ryeland sheep, the old breed of, 102; description of, 102;
attempted crossings of, with the Southdownsand Merinos,
103; crossed by Mr. Follet with the Merinos, 68; or
Herefordshire sheep, the present, 103 ; change in the
fleece of the, 102.

Rye-grass, 166-169.

Saline pastures, characteristics of the sheep fed on, 36.

Salt, utility of, 195 ; manner of giving to the Spanish
Transhumantes, 65.

Salving, or smearing, 220 ; importance of, 220 ; objects
of, 220 ; various unguents for, 220.

Saphena, or thigh vein, method of bleeding from the, 175.

Saracens, extinction of the woollen manufacture in Spain
after their expulsion, 52.

Saxo- Merinos, neglect of, in the improvement of English
breeds of sheep, 71.

Saxony, introduction of the Spanish Merino into, 61 ;
success of in, 2, 61 ; cloth, what made of, 155.

Sayer, Mr. D., mixture given by him in cases of
dysentery, 191.

Scab, the, nature of, 207 ; cause of, 207 ; contagion of,
207 ; symptoms and progress of, 207 ; treatment of, 209 j
appearances after death from, 209.

Scoti, the, early occupiers of Ireland, 137.

Scotland, the sheep of, 116 ; black-faced sheep of the hilly
districts of, 77 ; the breeding flocks maintained in the
southern parts of, 118; the woollen manufactures of, 154.

Scott, Sir Walter, his explanation of the term braxy
mutton, 189.

Scottish mountains, great improvements in, bearing on the
comfoitol sheep, 119; shepherd, life of the, 117; plan
on which he is engaged, 117.

Sedatives and febrifuge medicines, nature of, 217.

Sedative injections, the composition of, 216; a good, in
pneumonia, 197.

Seizures of wool made in 1128 and 1129, 146.

Serges, what, 155,

Sha, the. See Ovis Vignei.



INDEX TO THE SHEEF.



Shaw, Dr., his account of the Sahara sheep, 42.

Shawl goat, growth of the coat of the, let; difficulty of
transporting a flock of the, from Thibet to Europe, 162 ;
flock of the, brought by M. Jaubert to Marseilles, and
Toulon, 162 ; condition of the, on landing, 163; distri-
bution of the, 163 ; improbability of the naturalization
of, in England, 16-i; sliearing of sheep, practised by the
Greeks in the time of Hesiod, 9.

Sheep, early domestication of the, 3 ; few fossil remains of,
30 ; natural history of, 16; the abundance of, in ancient
times, 6 ; much modified by domestication, 17; great
utility of, 1 ; uncertainty when introduced into England,
31; two breeds of, early established in England, 33;
value of, in the time of Ethelred, 32; in 712, 32; of
Greece and Italy, North Africa and Phoenicia, must
anciently have been wool bearers of superior excellence,
43 ; the principal wealth of the Russian nobles, 47 ; }he
domestic (Ovis Aries), an artificial being, 33; the long
tail of, 29 ; crania of the, 30 ; senses of the, 90 ; skeleton
of the, 76 ; when domesticated, examples of the boldness
of the, 173; blind, careful attention paid to by their
companions, 83; disposition of, to form friendships, 83 ;
method of procuring an uniform and uninterrupted supply
of food for, 94 ; manner of grazing of the, 74; nndi of
attacking an enemy, 175; peculiar personal sympathy to-
wards each other, exhibited by, 83 ; anecdote of thisj S3 ;
propensity of, to follow their leader, evil consequences of
the, 89; anecdotes illustrative of this, 90 ;spirit of imitation
shown by the, 89 ; mmagement of, by the Saxons, 32 ;
upon land under turnip cultivation, 164 ; association of,
for breeding, 81 ; can ^be over fattened, 116; dog, the
ancient use of, 6; of the Abruzzi, 6; the Spanish, 6;
of Thibet, 6 ; farmer, objects of the, 77 ; gatherers, of Ice-
land, profieedings of the, 50 ; husbandry, decided improve-
ments in, 122 ; louse, the, what, 209 ; tick, the,what, 209.

Shelter, sheep instinctively fly to, in storms, 88.

Shepherd, the occupation of a, held in great esteem by the
ancients, 4.

Shepherds of the Transhumantes, winter employments of
the, 55 ; in remote districts, often possess considerable
medical and surgical skill, 172; practical schools for
advantages to be derived from the establishment of,
172.

Slietland Isles, characters of the, 121 ; their fisheries the
principal consideration of the inhabitants of the, 122 ;
number of sheep of the, 121 ; the sheep of, probably of
Danish extraction, 119 ; general characteristics of, 119 ;
cliaracterislics of a ram of the pure breed of, 119; the
management of sheep in the, 120; rams, bad selection
of, to return to the mountains after rowing, 120; cross
of the breed of, with the Dutch sheep, 120 ; winter coat
of the, 121 ; winter life of the, 121 ; remains of the
pure, 119; wool, remarks on the finenjss of the, 121 ;
quality of the best, 121.

Shoddy-mills, 152.

Short blue meadow grass, 168.

Short wool, circumstances which led to the depreciation
of, 136 ; woolled sheep, what, 90 ; the old English,
change in, 91 ; whether deterioration or alteration, 92.

Shropshire, the old breed of sheep in, 103 ; cross between,
and the Dorset, 103 ; rapid decrease of short wool in, 104.



Online LibraryW.C.L. (William Charles Linnaeus) MartinThe farmer's library, animal economy (Volume v.2) → online text (page 135 of 140)