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3

ANNUAL REPORT



OF THE



ADJUTANT GENERAL



OF THE



STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA,



FOB THE YEAR ENDING



DECEMBER 31, 1864.



WHEELING:

JOHN F, M'DEBMOT, PUBLIC PBINTEB.

1865.



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HARVARD COLLhuE LiuriAi}^



r









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MEITARY DEPARTMENT.



His Excellency^

Arthur I. Boreman,

Governor and Commander-in' Chief ,



Adjutant Oeneral,
Brig. Qen'l Francis P. Peirpoint.



Quartermaster General,
Colonel George W. Brown.



Aids to the Oovemor,
Col. Jacob Hornbrook,
" William Alexander,
" H. W. Croteers,
" J. P. R. B. Smith,
" Henry K. List,
'* Joseph 0. Gist.



SpecicU Aids,
Col. Henry D. Chapman,
" Samuel Young.



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4~



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STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA, ]

Adjutant General's Office, 1-
Wheeling^ January 1st, 1865. J
JBia Excellency,

Arthur I. Boreman,

Governor of West Virginia^

Sir : — Porsuant to the laws of this State, I have the honor to
transmit herewith my annual report for the year ending December
31st, 1864.

As complete records of the organizations mustered into the
United States service from this State have never been furnished
this office by those whose duty it was, which may be attributed to
many reasons, some of which were mentioned in my former report,
I have endeavored to supply these deficiencies by returns from the
organizations in the field, which, although they may not be con-
sidered as entirely satisfactory, are the best that I have been able
to obtain, and by comparing them with the records I already have,
I find them generally to be correct. There may be some inaccura-
cies resulting from this fact, that in many instances the records of
companies have been lost, but these will not materially affect the
history of any soldier in the service.

This report is intended to give as nearly a correct record of West
Virginia organizations in the service of the United States, and
other matters connected with the military history of the State, as
it has been possible for me to make under the many embarrassing
circumstances with which it has been attended, and is presented
herewith in the appendix in the following order, viz :

Appendix **A" is a Roster of the field, staff and company officers
of the several organizations in the United States service from this
State, showing the changes which have taken place since my last
report.

Appendix "B," embraces a record of every Regiment, Battery,
and Independent Company, with the name of every officer and
soldier who has ever been in the service of the United States in
them, since the commencement of the war, (except the Ist Regi-
ment three months volunteers, and four or five companies of differ-
ent regiments,) so far as it has been possible for me to obtain the
same from any source whatever. This portion of my report has
been compiled from the muster-out rolls of the various organiza-
tions whose terms of service have expired, and from returns re-



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6 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT.

ceived from organizations yet in the field. As the regulations of
the war department do not require mustering officers to furnish
Adjutant Generals of States with copies of the muster-out rolls of
troops, as in the case of muster-in, I am indebted to Lieut. Henry
C. Peck, n. S. mustering and disbursing officer at this post, and to
his gentlemanly clerks for their kindness in allowing me the use
of the retain rolls of that office, and for the facilities afibrded me in
procuring the necessary data therefrom. The records of the differ-
ent organizations compiled from these muster-out rolls, may be
regarded as entirely correct, showing who were mustered out of
service, and who are yet remaining ; also, the date and place of all
deaths, discharges, desertions, &c. The record of those yet remain-
ing in service, from which no men have been mustered out, is com-
piled from the returns received from such organizations ; in which
case I prepared blanks in the form desired, and forwarded to each
regimental and company commander, with the necessary instruc-
tions for making out the same, affording them all the facilities I
could to assist them. To the officers making these returns, I am
much indebted, for the promptness with which they complied with
my request ; to the commanding officers of regiments, particularly,
for the interest they have manifested in having these returns as
correct as possible. I have added to many of the organizations
(and shall add to all, if I can procure them in time,) historical mem-
* oranda of the organization and operations of such, and a list of the
principal engagements in which they have participated. It is not
pretended, at all, that these memoranda will give more than a faint
idea of what such organizations have performed, and are not as
complete as desired, but our troops have been so constantly in
motion since the opening of the campaign in this department early
in the spring, that it has been only within the last month or two,
that I have been able to obtain much of the material from which
this report is compiled, thus giving me but little time to work upon
it : indeed, the time has been so short since the officers in the field
have had an opportunity to furnish me the returns I desired, that
much which would have been interesting and important, has been
left out for want of time to prepare it. Injustice may thus be
done to our brave and gallant troops, but to cUlempt (because it
would only be an aUempt) to do them justice in writing a history
of each organization— of the many engagements in which they
have participated, in which they hive gained so much honor for
themselves, and reflected so much credit upon their noble State :
to notice the many interesting incidents, the privations and suffer-
ings, and the many individual acts of gallantry and heroism, would
require volumes, more than could be allotted to this report. '



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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 7

I will endeavor to procure the returns from those companies from
which none have yet been received, and also the information from
which the regimental histories of the different regiments which have
not reported, can be prepared in time to add them to this report
hefore it is published, (if published at all.)

Appendix "C** is a Roster of the several Independent companies
of Scouts in the State, giving the counties for which organized, and
date of organization. These companies are sworn into the service
of the State for the term of one year, are paid and provided with
arms, equipments, Ac, by the State; and number from twenty-five
to fifty, and in two or three of the counties as many as seventy-five
men each, thus, making over one thousand men in the State service
in the border counties, without which there could have been no
enforcement of the civil laws of the State, nor collection of revenues
for the United States, and the loyal people could not have remain-
ed at home. Although these companies are maintained at consider-
able expense to the State, yet I do not think their services could be
very well dispensed with; nor do I think the force should be
diminished. During the past year they have participated in many
engagements with the guerrillas, and have succeeded very well in
the protection of those counties for which they are organized, and
are quite able to do so, except against raids by large bodies of the
enemy. This service is very arduous and dangerous, and such only
as can be successfully accomplished by men who have lived in the
country, who are thoroughly acquainted with it and the inhabi-
tants. They are instructed to co-operate, as far as practicable, with
the United States forces, and have proven very efficient as scouts and
guides for our armies, and generally much more effective for the
purpose for which they are intended, than our soldiers in the
United States service would be. During the past year we have
received many favorable notices of the operations of these com-
panies from the military commanders in different portions of the
State.

Appendix "D" shows a report of the enrollment of this State by
counties, which has been kindly furnished me from the office of
the Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General of the State.

Appendix "E** exhibits the account of the State with the United
States respecting the number of men required and furnished under
the different calls of the President from the commencement of the
war to the present time. It will be seen that during the past year
under the different calls of the President for troops, amounting to
one million of men, this State has been required to furnish her
quota, and up to the date of the last call, Dec. 19th, was only defi-



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8 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT.

cient eight hundred and seventy-five men. This deficiency arises
from the fact that quotas were assigned to counties yet under con-
trol of the rebels, to such an extent, at least, that the attendance
of drafted men could not be compelled, for which reason the
draft in those counties was suspended, and the additional reason
perhaps, that to attempt an enforcement of a draft in those coun-
ties, would add more recruits to the rebel armies than to ours.
Living, as these men are, upon the border, an attempt to enforce a
draft would give them a pretext for forming themselves into guer-
rilla bands, and render those counties much worse than they now '
are. There have been but thirty-six (36) men drafted and held to
service in this State, since the commencement of the war. The
patriotism of the people of West Virginia is not surpassed by any
in the Union, and none, perhaps, can show a better record in this
respect. Every eflbrt has been made to fill each call for troops by ■
voluntary enlistments; and for this purpose large bounties have
been paid by nearly every county in the State. By comparing this
statement with the enrollment of the State, it is only a matter of
surprise, considering the many disadvantages under which it has
labored, that so many men have been furnished. At the commence-
ment of the war, whole regiments were organized and mustered
into the United States service, from portions of the State at the
same time occupied by rebel troops, and recruiting for both armies
going on in the same county ; our border counties continually
overrun by guerrillas, murders and thefts being daily occurrences,
— and, indeed, in some of our more interior counties, this is true, —
insomuch that it would seem, that it would require every loyal
man to remain at his home for the protection of his family. Many
more of our soldiers in the field would have re-enlisted during the
past year, had it not been for the wail that come to them from their
families, of the indignities which they were receiving from these
bands of guerrillas, horse thieves and murderers

Under the call of the President for 300,000 men, dated December
19th, 1864, the quota of the State is 3,119 ; in this, however, are
included the counties in which the draft had been suspended under
former calls, and the deficiencies in those counties are added to the
quota under the present call : at the date of the call of July 18th,
1864, for 600,000, one, two or three years men, the State had an
excess of 3,127 three years men, but which under that call were
counted as only man for man, the years of service, not having
been taken into consideration. Under the present call the years of
service are calculated ; the manner in which it is done will be better
understood by the fpUowing letter from the Provost Marshal Gen-



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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPOkT. 9

eral of the United States to Captain Edward P. Hudson, Acting
Assistant Provost Marshal General of this State, announcing the
quota of the State, as follows : —

*'War Department, ]

Provost Marshal General's Office, V
Washington, D. C, Dec. 23, 1864. J
Capt, W. P. Hudson,

Act Asst Fro, Mar, Gen I,

Wheeling, W. Va.
The quota of the State of West Virginia, under the call of the
President for three hundred thousand men, dated December 19th,
1864, is (3,119) three thousand one hundred and nineteen.

This is the number required under the call after taking into
account the credits to which the State is entitled, by estimating the
number of years of service furnished by one, two and three years
men.

The quota of the Ist District is 4

1* " " 2d District is 2862

" " " 3d District is.. 253=3,119

The whole number of years of service furnished by each District,
and which is to be considered in apportioning the quotas of the
sab-districts, is :

Ist District, 6639, being an excess of 3893 years of service over
the nnmber of men furnished.

2d District, being an excess of years of service over the

number of men furnished.

3d District, 2603, being an excess of 1389 years of service over
the number of men furnished.

4: 3): ♦ :k 3|e 4: *

In order to equalize this credit, it will be added to the quota of
the District in gross, and distributed among the sub-districts, accord-
ing to the number enrolled in each. This will give the quota of the
sub-districts, increased by the excess in proportion to the number
enrolled; but as the number of one, two and three year's men
respectively, have been furnished without regard to the number
enrolled, the Provost Marshal will subtract from this gross quota,
the actual amount of excess of years of service which the sub-dis-
trict has furnished.

The enclosed lormula is furnished as a rule for assigning quotas
to sob-districts.

Suppose the quota, under the present call, in a given district
containing (8) sub-districts, is 1 000 men and that the quota in that
district under the call of July 18, 1864, was 1,600, which was filled
as follows :



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10



ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S EEPOKT.



St7B-DISTRlCTS.



Ist Sub-district,


2d "




3d "




4th "




5th "




6th "




7lh "




8th "




Total,..



I Period of service.



J3 -S

a.-s



200
240
160
260
180
240
140





00


.








?


s






a>




>%


►»


>.


rH


O)


CO



140
180

80
120
100
120

60



180 132



20
10
12
30
10
20
10



4C
50
48

110
70

100
70



1600 932 136



24 24



2 «*-

a o

- ; CO

I s



300
350
308
510
330
460
290
252



goo






PQj3 m O



-L



100
110
148
250
150
220
150
72



582|2800 1200



It will be seen that the excess of years of service over the num-
ber of men furnished in the 1st sub-district is 100; m the 2d 100,
&c., &c. Total in district, 1200.

The total in the district under the present call is 1000, to this
add the excess 1200, making 2200; then, as tlie number enrolled in
the sub-district to its quota ; which quota will be reduced by sub-
tracting from it, its share of the excess.

FORMULA.



»UB-DISTICTS.



.5



O to






.5



S

o



C



t3 .

:«5



W^'



r/3 »



IstS


ub-diatrict,.


2d


( ((


3d


1 i(


4th


% <<


5th


• "


6th


i ((


7th


..


8th


( ((



20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000



2200 2400



2200
2200
2200
2200



2800
2000
3200
2200



264 1100
308 110



2200 2800
2200 2000
2200 2600



220
352
242
208
220
286



148
250
150
220
150
72



164

198
72

152
92
88
70

214



Total 20000 2200 '2000 2200 1200 1000



The above formula ia furnished to Boards of Enrollment, as a rule
by which they will apportion the quotas of sub-districts, and deter-
mine the amount of credit due them.

James B. Fry,

OflScial : Provost Marshal Qeneral,

George E. Scott, Capt Ist V. H. Cr



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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 11

Thus it will be seen that the real number to be furnished by the
State under the present call will be small, as the principal part of
the quota is chargeable to those counties in which a draft cannot be
enforced.

I have prepared no statement of the organization of the militia
of this State, from the fact that a full statement cannot, at present,
be furnished. Under the new State organization it is necessary to
re-number and re-organize the different Regiments, this has only
been done in the First Division. In many of the other counties it
will be necessary, where there are two or three Regiments in a
county to consolidate them, and not being able to tell, under exist-
ing state of things in those counties, what the real militia force is,
it bae been deemed expedient to defer it for a time. If possible,
this should be done during the coming year. The militia laws of this
State should be compiled and published in pamphlet form, together
with forms for reports, certificates, and orders of Regimental courts
making allowances, <&c., for the use of the militia.

On two or three occasions during the past year it has been neces-
sary to call out the 2d and 3d Brigades of militia, commanded by
GenMs Core and Bunker, to repel expected raids by the enemy, and
the promptness with which these Brigades responded to the orders,
and the cheerfulness with which they did duty as soldiers is indeed
highly commendable.

By direction of Your Excellency, the flags authorized by the
Legislature to be procured and presented to different West Virginia
Regiments, have been purchased at an aggregate cost of $887.25.
The flags have all been presented, and in return several of the
Regiments have returned to the State their old battle flags, which
exhibit the part such Regiments have taken in the many hotly con-
tested battles in which they have been engaged, and constitute an
interesting part of the record of their gallantry and devotion to
their country's cause. Some provision should be made for the care-
ful preservation of these, as around them cluster many fond
remembrances, to the soldier, of the gallant dead who have fallen
under and around them, of those who have sacrificed their lives for
their protection.

The arduous labors performed during the past year by Col's Jacob
Hornbrook and William Alexander, Aids to Your Excellency,
should not be passed unnoticed. The services which they have
rendered to the soldier and his family cannot be estimated. The
promptness, willingness and fidelity with which these oflScers attend
to the wants of our soldiers, visiting them in Hospitals, and in the
field, doing every thing possible for their accommodation and corn-



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12 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT.

fort is deserving the highest praise. During the past year Col.
Hornbrook has made eleven visits to the army, and has carried
home for the soldiers $385,000 and with the amount Col. Alexander
has thus carried, about $600,000 has been delivered during the year
to soldiers families, without its costing the soldiers one cent, and
costing the State only the necessary expenses of these officers in
traveling. They have also frequently visited our Hospitals and
inquired into the wants and condition of our soldiers. Within the
last two or three months Col. Alexander has visited nearly all the
Hospitals in the United States in which our soldiers were, took a
memorandum of their condition, and where they w^ere out of the
Department, through the influence of Your Excellency, procured
from the Sugeon General, U. S. A., transfers to Hospitals in this
Department, where they can be visited by their friends and rela-
tives. This has been very encouraging to the sick and wounded
soldiers, and no doubt aided much in their speedy recovery. The
self-sacrificing devotion of these officers for the interests of the sol-
dier can never be repaid.

The people of this State have done much through their agents in
this city and elsewhere, in alleviating the wants of our sick and
wounded soldiers, in the different Hospitals in this Department and
in the field ; their liberality in this respect is indeed highly com-
mendable. The "Ladies Soldier's Aid Society," too, which has
met weekly in the Capitol Buildings during the past year deserve
great credit for their untiring efforts in providing for the wants of
the soldiers.

I would respectfully beg leave to call the attention of Your
Excellency to the salary of the clerk in this office, as being entirely
insufficient under the present advanced prices of boarding, &c., the
present allowance being only six hundred dollars per annum, for
which sum it will be impossible to employ a competent clerk.

The contingent expenses of my office since January 1st, 1864,
amount to six hundred and fifteen dollars, the amount appropria-
ted by the Legislature was three hundred dollars.

Another year of the war has passed, and to West Virginia troops
the most severe aince the commencement. The operations of the
army in the Department of West Virginia, and in the Shenandoah
Valley, since the opening of the campaign early in the spring, have
been of continuous inarching and hard fighting. All our troops
have been seiving in that department and in the Valley of Virginia
during the year, (except the 7th Infantry, which has been in the
army of the Potomac, engaged in all the hard fought battles there,
and Battery "C") Many of the most severely contested battles, and



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Online LibraryWest Virginia. Adjutant General's OfficeAnnual report of the Adjutant General of the State of West Virginia for the ... → online text (page 1 of 63)