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the meantime, limited. In .Tune. 1835, he entered Allegheny College, at Meadville,
Pa., from which he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in September,
1839. lie taughl school until 1841. when lie removed to Mississippi where
he continued teaching, but the following year he returned home because of the
failing health of his father. Having studied law in the leisure intervals of his
career as a teacher, he was now admitted to the bar. From 1848 for a period of
eight years, lie served as local counsel of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com-
pany, tor the counties of Marion and Taylor. In 1853 he engaged in mining and
shipping of coal by rail : and soon after in the manufacture of fire-bricks. In De-
cember, 1854. he married Julia A., daughter of Rev. Samuel Rohinson, a Presbyterian
minister of New York. In religious faith, he was himself a member of the Meth-
odist Episcopal Church with which he had connected himself at the age of seventeen.
He early took interest in politics, and though not an aspirant for office, he actively
participated in the compaigns of the Whig Party, with which he affiliated from 1844
to 1860. In 1S4S he was the Presidential elector on the Taylor ticket. In the
Momentous Presidential Campaign of 1860, he supported Lincoln, and thenceforth
the great events of his life followed each other in rapid succession. It was he who
planned the Restored Government. He died in his eighty-fifth year, and is buried in
Woodlawn Cemetery at Fairmont, West Virginia.

fDaniel Polsley. who was elected Lieutenant-Governor by the Convention, was
bora November 3, 1803, at Palatine, then known as Polsley's Mills, on the east bank
of the Monongahela river, then in Monongalia (now Marion) county, West Vir-
ginia. He attended the "old field" schools of the vicinity, the village schools, and
then attended the law lectures by Judge Tucker at Winchester, in the Valley of
Virginia, and was admitted to the bar. Soon thereafter he removed to Wells-
burg, in Brooke county, where he became the editor of the "Western Transcript"
published at that place. In 1845, he removed to Mason county where he engaged
in agricultural pursuits, but continued to practice his profession. lie was an
ardent Union man during the war between the states; and was one of the dele-
gates from that county to the First Wheeling Convention, lie served two years
as Lieutenant-Governor under the Restored Government, after which he was elected
Judge of the Circuit Court. In 1866. he was elected to a seat in the lower House
of Congress and served one term: He died at Point Pleasant, Mason county, West
Virginia, October 14, 1877.

:j:The Colonial home of the Wheat Family was at Alexandria. Virginia, where
its members, as merchants, were permanently identified with the business interests
and affairs of the community. In 1832, James M. Wheat who married Martha
Brewer of Berkeley Springs, Morgan county. West Virginia, removed to Wheeling,
where he engaged in the manufacture of window glass. He was followed to this
new field of action by ether members of the family at Alexandria. Among them
being General James S. Wheat, who however, came directly from Washington where
he had been a law student. At WTieeling he was admitted to the bar in 1831,
and at once became prominent in his chosen profession. He was a man of refine-
ment and culture, and courtly and faultless in his manner. He was one of the best
equipped attorneys of his flay: was a ready and fluent speaker, and on all public
occasions was much in demand as an orator. He rendered valuable service as the
legal advisor of the officials of the Restored Government. His last public service
was that as a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1872, which framed the
present constitution of West Virginia.




The Statue of Hon. Francis H. Pierpoxt, Governor op Virginia Under
the Restored Government, 1861-1868.
In Statuary Hall of the National Capitol. Presented to Congress by the
State of West Virginia under the provisions of an act of the Legislature
passed January 22, 1901. It was executed in Florence, Italy, by the
American Sculptor, Franklin Simmons, at a cost of $8,000.00; received
at Washington, and November 29, 1903, was placed on its pedestal in
Statuary Hall, where it soon attracted wide attention. For biographical
note, see p. 174.



1908]



The Restored Government of Virginia.



175



MEETING OF THE FIRST GENERAL ASSEMBLY UNDER THE RE-
STORED GOVERNMENT AT WHEELING. ITS FIRST EXTRA SES-
SION BEGINNING JULY 1, 1861; AND ENDING JULY 26, ENSUING.

SENATORS.

Accomac and Northampton Counties G. F. Watson (6).

Boone. Logan, Kanawha, Putnam, Wyoming, and a part of Roane. .Green-
bury Slack (5).

Brooke. Hancock and Ohio Joseph Gist (1).

Fairfax and Alexandria James T. Close (4).

Hardy. Hampshire and Morgan James Carskadon (1).

Mass>n. Jackson. Cabell. Wayne and a part of Roane. .Andrew Flesker (7).

Monongalia. Preston and Taylor Thomas Cather (2).

Nicholas. Fayette, Pocahontas, Raleigh. Braxton. Greenbrier and Clay
John R. McCutchen (8).

Ritchie. Doddridge, Harrison, Pleasants and Wood!. Chapman J. Stuart (1).

Upshur. Barbour. Lewis, Gilmer, Randolph. Calhoun and Tucker; and a
part of Roane and a part of Webster Blackwell Jackson (3).

Wetzel, Marshall, Marion and Tyler James Burley (2).

Daniel Polsley, of Mason County, Lieutenant-Governor. . .President.

William W. Lewis Clerk.

Jesse S. Wheat Sergeant-at-Arms.

D. V. Tharp Doorkeeper.

Alexander Campbell Page.

.1. Were qualified and look their scats July 1, 1861.

2. Were qualified and took their seats July 3, 1861.

3. Was qualified and took his seat July .">, 1861.

4. Was qualified and took his seat July 6, 1861.

5. Was qualified and took his seat December 2, 1861.

6. Was qualified and took his seat February 2, 1862.

7. Was qualified and took his seat July 5. -1S62.

8. Was qualified and took his seat January G, 18G3.

DELEGATES.



Accomac County — Samuel W. Pow-
ell.

Alexandria County — Gilbert S. Mi-
ner.

Barbour County — D. M. Myers.

Berkeley County — Bethuel B. Kitch-
en.

Boone. Logan and Wyoming Coun-
ties — Robert Hageri and Joseph
H. Baker.

Braxton. Nicholas. Clay and Web-
ster Counties — William D. Roily-
son.

Brooke County — H. W. Crothers.

Cabell County — Edward B. Wright.

Doddridge and Tyler — William J.
Boreman.



Fairfax County — -John Hawxhurst.

Fayette County — Edward M. Ryan.'-

Gilmer, Calhoun, and Wirt Comi-
ties — A. J. Williamson.

Hampshire County — James H.
Trout, and Owen D. Downey.

Hancock County — George McC. Por-
ter.

Hardy County — John Michael.

Harrison County — John J. Davis
and John C. Vance.3

Jackson County and part of Roane
— Daniel Frost and David J. Kee-
ney.*

Kanaicha Comity and part of Roan>;
— Lewis Ruffner, James 1-7.
Brown" and Spicer Patrick.



176



Abchives and History.



[W. Va.



Lewis County — George J. Arnolds

and Perry M. Hale.
Marion County — Fountain Smith

and Richard Fast.
Marshall County — Remembrance

Swan.

Mason County — Lewis Wetzel and
Lewis Bumgardner.7

Monongalia County — Leroy Kramer,

and Joseph Snider.
Morgan County — Joseph S. Wheat.

Northampton County — George B.

Dunton.
Ohio County — Thomas H. Logan and

Andrew Wilson.



Pleasants and Ritchie Counties —

James W. Williamson.
Preston County — William B. Zinn,

and Charles H'ooten.
Putnam County — George C. Bowyer.
Randolph and Tucker Counties —

Solomon Parsons.
Taylor County — L. E. Davidson.
Tyler and Doddridge Counties —

William I. Boreman.
Upshur County — ■ Daniel D. T.

Farnsworth.
Wayne County — William Ratcliff.
Wetzel County — James G. West.
Wood County — John W. Moss and

George W. Henderson.



Daniel Frost, s of Jackson County Speaker.

Gibson Lamb Cranmer, of Ohio County Clerk.

Evans D. Fogle« Sergeant-at-Arm s.

James O. Hawley First Doorkeeper.

James Musgrave 2nd Doorkeeper.

1. Robert Hager entered May 5, 1862, and was rejected two days later, having
been a minister of the Gospel at the time of his election. Joseph H. Baker entered
December IS, 3 862, as the successor of Hager.

2. Committee on Elections refused to seat him January 1G, 1S62.

3. John C. Vance resigned February 2, 1863.

4. David J. Keeney entered December 4. 1802, as successor of Frost.

5. James H. Brown entered December 2. 1861, but resigned January 14, 18G2.
Spicer Patrick entered February 1, 1S62, as the successor of Brown.

6. Arnold resigned December 8, 1S62 ; succeeded by Perry M. Hale, January
2, 1863.

7. Lewis Bumgardner entered December 17, 1862, as the successor of Wetzel,

( 1 f P T S P fl

S. Daniel Frost until May, 1862, then George McC. Porter.

9. Evans D. Fogle from July 1. 1861, to December 3, 1861, then Philip Rogers
of Monongalia county. Fogle resigned to become Quarter-Master in the United States
Army.

The First General Assembly under the Restored Government
convened at Wheeling July 1, 1861. In the Senate three member*
were present; these were Joseph Gist, representing the District
composed of Hancock, Brooke and Ohio; James Carskadon rep-
resenting District composed of Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan;
and Chapman J Stuart representing that of the counties of Ritchie,
Dodridge, Harrison, Pleasants and "Wood; Daniel Polsley, Lieu-
tenant-Governor and ex-officio President of the Senate, took the
chair and addressed these members. A temporary organization
was effected. By resolution of Joseph Gist, John A. Wilson of
Wheeling was appointed Clerk of the Senate pro tern. On his
further motion Jesse S. Wheat was declared Seargeant-at-arms
pro tern, and Alexander Campbell was appointed Page. The House
likewise proceeded to a temporary organization, no quorum being




Hon. Lucian A. Hagaxs.

Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia, under the Restored Govern-
ment, 1861—1865.
(See Biographical Notice, p. 178.)



1908] The Restored Government of Virginia. 177



present. On the motion of James G. West, of Wetzel county, who
called the House to order, Gibson Lamb Crammer of Wheeling was
appointed temporary clerk. It was then found that those present
were George McC. Porter, of Hancock county; H. W. Crothers, of
Brooke county; Thomas H. Logan and Andrew Wilson of Ohio
county; Eemembrance Swan, of Marshall county; James G. West
of Wetzel county; John W. Moss, of Wood county; Wm. Rat-
cliffe, of Wayne county; Fountain Smith, of Marion county; Leroy
Kramer, of Monongalia county; Lewis Wetzel, of Mason county
and James W. Williamson, of the Delegate District composed of
Pleasants and Ritchie counties — fifteen in all, not a quorum. An
adjournment was taken until the second day; then the majority of
the members were in their seats. Prayer was offered by Rev. D.
Hervey of the Presbyterian church. A permanent organization was
effected. For Speaker, George McC. Porter nominated Daniel
Frost, of Jackson county ; James W. Williamson nominated James
G. West of Wetzel county, but subsequently withdrew his name at
the request of that gentlemen; Leroy Kramer nominated Fountain
Smith of Marion county; Frost was elected. On motion of James
G. West, Gibson Lamb Cranmer, the temporary clerk was unani-
mously elected permanent clerk. At 7 :00 P. M. both branches re-
ceived the message of Governor Pierpont and five thousand copies
were ordered printed. In this the Governor said: "I regret that I
cannot congratulate you on the peace and prosperity of the country,
in the manner which has been customary with Executives, both State
and Federal. For the present those happy days which as a nation we
have so long enjoyed, and that prosperity which has smiled upon
us, as upon no other nation, are departed. We are passing through
a period of gloom and darkness in our Country 'b history, but we
must not despair. There is a just God who l rides upon the whirlwind
and directs the storm.' Let us look to Him with abiding confidence.
You have met, gentlemen, in the midst of Civil War, but I trust
you may yet be assembled under happier auspices, when the strife
shall be over and peace and prosperity be restored to this once
happy country." Accompanying this message were his correspon-
dence with President Lincoln, together with letters received by
him from Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, and Caleb B. Smith,
Secretary of the Interior, all showing recognition of the movement
to restore Civil Government to Western Virginia.

On July 9th, the Election of State Officers was the joint order of
the day. For Secretary of the Commonwealth, William B. Zinn



178 Archives and History. [W. Va.

nominated Lucian A. Hagans* of Preston County; John W. Moss
nominated George Loomis of Wood county; L. E. Davidson nomi-
nated Ellery R. Hall, of Taylor county. Hagans was elected on the
first ballot.

For Auditor of Public Accounts, Samuel Crane and N. "Wilkin-
son were placed in nomination. Crane Avas elected on the first
ballot.

For Treasurer of the Commonwealth, Fountain Smith nominated
Campbell Tarr of Brooke county; James H. Trout nominated
Samuel P. Hildreth, of Ohio county. Tarr was elected on the
first ballot.

Another joint order for the same day was the Election of United
States Senators. At 2:00 P. M. the Assembly proceeded by joint
ballot to elect a successor to R. M. T. Hunter, U. S. Senator from
Virginia, who had resigned his seat in that body, and John S. Car-
lile of Harrison county, was elected without opposition. Then fol-
lowed the election of a successor to fill the unexpired term of James
M. Mason, who like Hunter, had resigned his seat after Virginia
adopted the Ordinance of Secession. H. W. Crothers nominated
Daniel Lamb, of Ohio county; Lewis Ruffner nominated Peter G.
Van Winkle of Wood county ; and Leroy Kramer nominated Wait-
man T. Willey of Monongalia county. Willey was elected on the
first ballot.

On July 24th the Committee to examine the bonds of public
officers, reported that Samuel Crane, Auditor of Public Accounts,
had executed a bond July 9, 1861, for $20,000.00, conditioned ac-
cording to law; with Chapman J. Stuart, of Doddridge county,



SKETCH OF LUCIAN ADAMS HAGANS.

*The Hagans family is of English extraction. Richard, the imigrant an-
cestor, came to Boston, Massachusetts, in 1630. From there he went in- search
of a home which he found in New York colony on the shores of Lake Champ-
lain. A grandson. George Hagans, wedded Persus Eggleston in 1783, she being; a
native of Williamsburg, Massachusetts. They had two sons — Harrison and Elisha
M. — both of whom came to Preston county, in 1812. The former was born in Clinton
county. New York, in 1796. At Brandonville in Preston county. West Virginia, he
wedded Jane McCullom, and they had issue ten children, the fourth being Lucian
Adams Hagans, the subject of this sketch. He was born at Brandonville, January 31,
L825. He was educated in the "old field" schools of that day; at the old King-
wood Academy, and was graduated from Washington (Ta.) College in 1846, where
lie was a school-mate of James G. Blaine. He returned home and engaged in the
mercantile business at his native town — Brandonville. Here he wedded his cousin
Lpvelia, a daughter of Elisha M. Hagans and his wife, Anna Morrow (Brown)
Hagans who was a sister of the late William Guy Brown of Preston county. The
issue of this marriage was two children, a daughter. Myra Bell who died in infancy;
and a son. Wilber E. who still survives. He continued the mercantile business un-
til the beginning of the War between the States when he was elected secretary of
the Commonwealth, in which capacity he continued until 1865, when he resigned.
Returning home he removed to Wheeling, where he became one of the editors and
proprietors of the Daily Intelligencer of that city. In 1S74. he removed to Chicago
and purchased an interest in the firm of Rand, McNally & Co. He was thus engaged
until his death which occurred January 10, 1890. His remains repose in beautiful
Graceland Cemetery overlooking Lake Michigan, where a suitable monument marks
the spot.



1908] The Restore)) Government of Virginia. 179

James Burley, of Marshall county, and Wm. Ratcliff of Wayne
county, as securities therein, which had been approved by the Gov-
ernor. That Campbell Tarr, Treasurer of the Commonwealth, had
executed a bond July 10, 1861, in the penalty of $50,000.00 condi-
tioned according to law, with Wm. T. Hammond, Nathaniel Wells
and Joseph Applegatc as securities therein, which had not as yet
been approved by the Governor. That Lucian A. Hagans, Secretary
of the Commonwealth, had executed a bond, dated July 12, for
$5,000.00 conditioned according to law. with Harrison Hagans,
Wm. Hagans and Wm. Frey, as securities therein and approved
by the Governor. See House Journal pp. 83-84.

On the same day a Committee appointed to examine the Treas-
urer's office reported that up to this date, the financial statement
of said office was as follows: —

Total receipts to July 24. 1861 $37,449.39

Dibursements to date 2,659.22

Leaving a balance in Treasury of $34,790.17

There was much important legislation, highly characteristic of
the time.

Regular Session of this General Assembly Convened Decem-
ber 2, 1861 ; Adjourned February 13, 1862.

When this Assembly convened in regular session, it was at once
ready for business, both Houses having been organized at the begin-
ning of the extra session in the preceeding July. Its sessions were
held in the Linsly Institute. Governor Pierpont sent his message
to both Houses, and ten thousand copies were ordered printed.
He graphically described existing conditions. In it he said: ' : I
regret that I cannot congratulate you upon the termination of the
great Civil War with which it has pleased Divine Providence to
chasten the pride of the American people. It still rages in our
midst, and around our very homes. But a year ago, no nation was
more prosperous than this. Peace, happiness and prosperity pre-
vailed throughout the land. Xow the elements of civil society have
been broken up. Brothers are arrayed against brothers, and father
against son; and rapine and murder are desolating the land."

The session was a busy one. Many acts were passed, among them
one to organize the county Court of Alexandria: to incorporate the
Parkersburg and Big Sandy Railroad Company: to appropriate



180 Archives and History. [W. Va.

$'21,684.00 to the Northwestern Lunatic Asylum at Weston ; to regu-
late the inspection of salt in Kanawha county; and for the organ-
ization of troops for the Federal Army.

Second Extra Session op this First Assembly May, 5, 1862;

Adjourned May 15, 1862.

In a few minutes after being called to order both Houses were
ready for business, and the Governor was informed of this ; where-
upon he sent to each an executive message, one thousand copies
of which were ordered printed. In this he set forth the legislation
needful to be enacted. This received attention and the body ad-
journed at the end of a session lasting but ten days.

Election op State Officials by the People.

An Ordinance adopted by the Second Wheeling Convention, June
19, 1861, provided that "A Governor, Lieutenant-Governor and
Attorney-General" should be appointed for six months or until
their successors should be elected and qualified. This was done by
the Convention. The General Assembly was required by law to
provide for the election of these three officials. This it did by
passing an Act January 17, 1862, providing that on the 22d of
the succeeding May, an election should be held to choose officials
for the unexpired terms of said offices, — Governor, Lieutenant-
Governor and Attorney-General. Mass conventions in Wood and
other counties named for these offices the men who had been for-
merly elected by the Convention — Pierpont, Polsley and Wheat.
An election was held on the date fixed, with the following result :

Counties. For Governor, For Lieut-Governor, Attorney-General,

F. II. Pierpont. Daniel Polsley. James S. Wheat.

Accomac 223 222 222

Alexandria 108 192 191

Braxton 40 ... ...

Brooke 391 4S7 486

Clav 27 27 27

Doddridge 433 428 427

Oilmer 1 20 113 113

Harrison 730 70G 690

Hancock 342 340 340

Jackson 311 300 303

Kanawha 640 638 627

Lewis 370 362 359

Monongalia 1252 1171 1174

Marion S73 837 822

Mason 730 671 697

Marshall 1317 1308 1314

Northampton 11 .... ....

Ohio 1531 1538 1599

Preston 968 949 940

Putnam 173 166 165

Pleasants 192 195 195

Ritchie 383 380 416

Roane 79 76 65

Randolph 78 76 50

Tavlor 466 441 441

Tucker 104 104 103



190S] The Restored Government of Virginia. 181



Tyler 463 399 461

Upshur 364 362 362

Wood 1127 1122 1120

Wetzel 301 274 282

Wirt 212 204 201

Fairfax 248 240 239

Total . 14S24 14328 13441

Scattering 124 voters.

The Third Extra Session op the General Assembly Whicfi

Convened December 4, 1862 ; and Adjourned

February 5, 1863.

Again this First General Assembly convened in extra session. It
met in the United States Court Room, and was ready for work. The
Governor's message was received and ordered printed. In it he
said : ' ' Gentlemen, it is our fortune to live in these times of fear-
ful responsibilities and duties. We are making history to be read
by, and exert its influence upon, coming generations. With a deep
sense of our responsibilities and with an earnest supplication to
the Great Source of all strength for assistance in the discharge
of our respective duties during this momentous crisis, let us enter
upon the work before us. "

The military affairs of the Commonwealth: — The Northwestern
portion — was discussed and much attention given this matter; thy
entire military force of the counties represented being organized,
and general officers being elected therefor. December 22d, a recess
was taken to the 6th of January, 1863.

It will be remembered that on the 9th of July, 1861, the Second
Wheeling Convention elected Waitman T. Willey to a seat in the
United States Senate, to fill the unexpired term of James M. Mason
who upon the adoption of the Ordinance of Secession by Virginia
had resigned his seat in that body. The time for which Mr. Willey
had been elected would expire March 3, 1863, and, January 23d,
the General Assembly in joint session proceeded to elect his suc-
cessor, Spicer Patrick of Kanawha County, nominated Lemuel J.
Bowden; H. W. Crothers of Brooke County, nominated Lemuel J.
Kenzie ; and Charles Hooton nominated Waitman T. Willey. Lemuel
J. Bowden* was elected on the second ballot.



*Note.^ — Lemuel J. Bowden was born in Williamsburg, Virginia, January 16,
1815, He was graduated at William and Mary College and was admitted to the
Virginia bar. Speedily he attained to prominence in his profession. He was
three times a member of the General Assembly ; a member of the Constitu-
tional Convention of 1850-51, and a Presidential elector in 1860. When the Civil
War came he adhered to the Union: left a valuable estate in Williamsburg and went
to Washington, and then to Wheeling, where he manifested much interest in the
Restored fJovernmpnt. He took his seat in Congress, the first Monday in Decem-
ber. 1863, but died January 2, 1804, and was buried at Washington City.



182 Archives and History. [W. Va.

The business of the Session being finished the Assembly adjourned
sine die. Thuse ended the first General Assembly of Virginia
under the Restored Government.

THE RESTORED GOVERNMENT AT ALEXANDRIA.

Days and weeks came and went and brought June 20th 1S63. At
high noon on that day, the sovereignty of a new State — WEST
VIRGINIA — was extended over all the region within its bounds,
where that of the Restored Government had been exerted previous-
ly. It was exactly two years since that June day 1861, when
Governor Pierpont had taken the oath of office, and entered upon
the discharge of his duties. Now the seat of government — Capital
of the Restored Government — must be removed beyond the limits
of West Virginia. On the 5th of February 1863, it was pro-
vided that whenever the Governor should deem it expedient for the
public good that the offices of the Auditor and Treasurer should
be kept in the city of Alexandria, or in any other place in the
Commonwealth outside of the City of Wheeling, he should make
proclamation thereof ; and he was authorized to convene the General
Assembly at such place as he should select for the seat of govern-
ment. He chose Alexandria and made proclamation accordingly.
This was the old city on the west bank of the Potomac nine miles
below Washington City. It was the Old Belhaven of Colonial days;



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