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West Virginia. Dept. of Archives and History.

Biennial report of the Department of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia (Volume 2) online

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1898.

Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1899 and
1900.

Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1901 and
1902.

Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1903 and
1904.

Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1905 and
1906.



Note — Other Documents relating: to the finances of the State are on file in this
Department : among them being the Report of Governor Boreman. on the Civil
Contingent Fund. February 18. 1868, and the Majority and Minority Reports of the
"Joint Committees on Finance and Claims" which contain detailed statements of
the condition of the Treasury of the State, as they existed February 22, 1871.

REPORTS OF THE STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF FREE SCHOOLS.

N. B. — Under the First Constitution of the State this office was desig-
nated as the General Superintendent of Free Schools.



22 Archives and History. [W. Va.

(ANN UAL REPORT S . )

First Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools for

1864.*
Second Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools for
, 1SG5; dated January 13, 1S65.
Third Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools for

1866; dated December 8, 1866.
Fourth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools;

dated December 24, 1867.
Fifth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools;

dated October 8, 1868.
Sixth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools;

dated January 9, 1869.
Seventh Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools;

dated January 4, 1870.
Eighth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools;

dated January 2, 1871.
Ninth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools;

dated January 16, 1872.
Tenth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools;

dated February 12, 1873.

(biennial repokts.)i
First Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1873 and 1874.
Second Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1S75 and 1876.
Third Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1877 and 1878.
Fourth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1879 and 1880.
Fifth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1881 and 1882.
Sixth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1883 and 1881.
Seventh Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1S85 and 1886.
Eighth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1887 and 1888.
Ninth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years of 1889 and 1890.
Tenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years of 1891 and 1892.
Eleventh Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1893 and 1894.



•The First Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools, is
not in this Department: and extended research has failed to find it. It has been
suggested that it may not have been made: this is not tb° cose. H "-'s n^de t*
references to it prove. Tt covered the educational work of the New State for the
year 1S»;4. and evidently bore a date in December, 1864, or early in January. 1865
It may yet be found.



1908] Documents of Department of Free Schools. 23

Twelfth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for

Fiscal years 1S95 and 189G.
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools,

for Fiscal years 1897 and 1898.
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools,

for Fiscal years 1899 and 1900.
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools,

for Fiscal years 1901 and 1902.
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools,

for Fiscal years 1903 and 1904.
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools,

for Fiscal years 1905 and 1906.

Compilations op the School Law:* — Ever since the establish-
ment of the Free School System the School Law of the State has
been compiled by the State Superintendent of Free Schools and
distributed from his office. In Section 2 of Article X of the first
Constitution of the State, framed in 1861-2, it was declared that:
' ' The Legislature shall provide as soon as practicable for the estab-
lishment of a thorough and efficient system of Free Schools." In
compliance with this constitutional provision, the Legislature at
its first Session, passed an Act December 10, 1863, providing for
the establishment of Free Schools. This was amended March 2,
1884, as to election of Commissioners and County Superintendents,
and exempting the City of Wheeling from the operation of the
law. Numerous changes in the Act were made, February 25, 1865.
An Act passed February 27, 1867, was so sweeping in its changes
that it was almost a re-enactment of the School Law. This was now
codified by Daniel Lamb and appeared as Chapter XLV of the
Code of 1868. Changes in the School Law prior to this date were
made largely upon the recommendations of Hon. William Ryland
White, first State Superintendent of Free Schools. Compilations
made and distributed from the Department of Free Schools, by the
State Superintendent, have been as follows :

In 1869, by Hon. H. A. G. Ziegler 1,000 copies.

In 1870, by Hon. Alvin D. Williams 1,200 copies.

In 1870, by Hon. Alvin D. Williams 1,500 copies.

In 1873, by Hon. Benjamin W. Byrne (No. copies unknown.)

In 1876, by Hon. Benjamin W. Byrne (No. copies unknown.)

In 1881, by Hon. Bernard L. Butcher (No. copies unknown.)

In 1883, by Hon. Bernard L. Butcher (No. copies unknown.)

In 1887, by Hon. Benjamin S. Morgan (No. copies unknown.)

*It is possible that other compilations of the School Law may have been made
and distributed, but no evidence of this has been found. Difference in number of
cdiiiis between that of first and last compilations exhibits the growth of the Free
School System.



24



Archives and History.



[W. Va.



In 1891, by Hon. Benjamin S. Morgan (No. copies unknown.)

In 1894, by Hon. Virgil A. Lewis (No. copies unknown.)

In 1897, by Hon. James R. Trotter (No. copies unknown.)

In 1903, by Hon. Thomas C. Miller 25,500 copies.

In 1908, by Hon. Thomas C. Miller (complete revision) 20,000 copies.)

Programs of Teachers' Institutes:* — Ever since the year 1879,
the State Superintendent of Free Schools has been required by
law to prepare and distribute a Program of Work for the County
Teachers' Institutes. This publication has been variously desig-
nated as a "Course of Instruction," an ' Institute Program." an

A Program."



"Institute Annual," etc., but always containing
These have been as follows :



Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program
Program



of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers
of Teachers



Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,
Institutes,



1879, Prepared

1880,

1881,

1882,

1S83,

1884,

1885,

1886,

1887,

1888,

1889,

1890,

1891,

1892,

1903,

1894,

1895,

1896,

1897,

1898,

1899,

1900,

1901,

1902,

1903,

1904,

1905,

1906,

1907,

1908,



by Hon. Wm. K. Pendleton.
" Hon. Bernard L. Butcher.

a a tt a «>

tt tt tt tt a

tt tt tt tt tt

" Hon. Benjamin S. Morgan.



Hon. Virgil A. Lewis.



Hon. James R. Trotter.



Hon. Thomas C. Miller.



•Much material of groat historic interest is being forgotten in the flight of years.
Nowhere is this more true than in connection with the origin and growth of our
i <!:• :itional"work. especially that part which is literary rather than statistical. In
1865, the State Teachers Association was organized at Fairmont, and the Program
of Exercises arranged and printed for the second mee'ting which was held at Clarks-
burg in 1866. In the latter year. Institutes and Associations were formed in sev-
eral counties of the State, resulting in manifest improvement to the Teachers: and



1908] Department of Free Schools — Continued. 25

OTHER PUBLIC DOCUMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF FREE

SCHOOLS

A GRADED COURSE OF STUDY.

A Manual and Graded Course of Study for Country and "Village Schools.
Compiled by Benjamin S. Morgan, 1891.

A Manual and Graded Course of Primary Instruction for Country and Vil-
lage Schools. Compiled by Virgil A. Lewis, 1894.

A Manual and Graded Course of Primary Instruction for Country and
Village Schools. Compiled by Thomas C. Miller, 1904.

A Manual and Graded Course of Primary Instruction for Country and
Village Schools. Compiled by Thomas C. Miller, 1908.

WEST VIRGINIA EDUCATIONAL DIRECTORY.

The State Educational Directory. Prepared by James R. Trotter, 1899.



the State Superintendent, Hon. William Ryland White, prepared and distributed a
'"Constitution lor County Teachers' Associations." In 1868, the teachers of Upshur.
Monongalia, Preston, Mason, Kanawha, Harrison, Ritchie, Marion, Wood and Ohio
Counties held Institutes : and the Teachers of Wheeling were holding monthly
meetings. In all old and new theories were discussed in that spirit which is best
adapted to discover what is true. Essays, addresses, and discussions on topics of
interest to educators were the usual order. In 1870, Hon. Alvin D. Williams, State
Superintendent of Free Schools, did more than any one else to emphasize the char-
acter and importance of Institute work. Upon his appeal for aid, Dr. Barnas
Sears, General Agent of the Peabody Fund, contributed one thousand dollars, to
aid in the Institute work. This was a small sum but educators came for a pittance
from other States and assisted in the work. Among these were Hon. E. E. White.
State School Commissioner of Ohio : William Mitchell, Superintendent of the Co-
lumbus City Schools : X. M. McLaughlin, of McConnellsville, Pa. ; Dr. W. W. Wood-
ruff of that State ; Dr. I. W. Andrews of Marietta College ; and Robert Kidd, the
celebrated elocutionist. Institutes were held at Parkersburg, Buckhannon, Philippi.
Fetterman, Moundsville, Lewisburg, Harrisville, Kingwood, French Creek, New Mar-
tinsville, Peytona and Boone C. H., Charleston, Ravenswood, Point Pleasant. Harp-
ers Ferry, Martinsburg, Fairmont, Weston, Circleville, Romney, Grantsville, Mid-
dlebourne and Morgantown, and the work done this year marks an era in the edu-
cational work of the State. By it teachers were improved, stimulated, and en-
couraged and the Free School System was vitalized and strengthened. State Super-
intendent Williams appeared as an instructor in fourteen of these Institutes. There
was active work in 1871, in which Dr. Sears contributed eleven hundred dollars
to aid in promoting the Institute work of the State. In 1872, Dr. Pendleton, then
State Superintendent, had a plan to establish an Institute lasting one month, or
two of two weeks each, in each Senatorial District. In 1873, but three Institutes
were held in the State, Dr. Sears' contribution being but three hundred dollars.
In 1874, six Institutes were held under the auspices of State Superintendent Byrne.
These were at Point Pleasant, Charleston, Lewisburg, Parkersburg, Grafton and
Weston. Dr. Sears' contribution was six hundred dollars. In 1875, Dr. Sears con-
tributed eight hundred dollars and eight Institutes were held in the State. The
same number were held in 1876, with the same sum of money contributed thereto.
A change came in 1877. By an Act of February 28, that year, the school month
was made to consist of twenty-two days, twenty to be devoted by the teacher to
teaching, and two to attending a District Institute. Herein was introduced the
first compulsory attendance provision ; a failure to attend the Institute meant a
pro rata reduction of salary. By an Act of March 5, 1879, the teaclier was again
required to teach twenty-two days ; the District Institute was abolished and County
Institutes, one or more, provided for in each county. Five hundred dollars were
appropriated annually to pay instructors, none of whom were to receive more than
twenty-five dollars for an Institute. There was no compulsory attendance feature.
In 1879, the law was so amended as to make the Institute work uniform through-
out the State. This was accomplished by requiring the State Superintendent to
prepare a "Course of Instruction" — an Institute Program, — and to prescribe the
method of instruction therein. The Institute Law of 1881, practically re-enacted the
above provision, adding the compulsory attendance feature, with the penalty pro-
vision, that a failure on the part of the teacher, without reasonable excuse, pre-
vented him or her from entering an examination that year. From that date to
this the compusory feature has continued without change, save, that the teachers
are now paid a per diem for attendance.



26



Archives and History.



[W. Va.



The State Educational Directory.

The State Educational Directory.

The State Educational Directory.

The State Educational Directory.

The State Educational Directory.

The State Educational Directory.



Prepared by Thomas C. Miller, 1902.

, 1904.
, 1905.
, 1906.
, 1907.
, 1908.



PROGRAM AND SUGGESTIONS FOR LIBRARY DAY AND TOR WEST VIRGINIA DAY.

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. Prepared by T. C. Miller, 1905.

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. " " " " " , 1906.

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. " " " " " , 1907.

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. " " " " " , 1908.

WEST VIRGINIA ARBOR AND BIRD DAY ANNUAL.

Arbor and Bird Day Annual. Prepared by Thomas C. Miller, 1900.

, 1903.



Arbor and Bird Day Annual.
Arbor and Bird Day Annual.
Arbor and Bird Day Annual.
Arbor and Bird Day Annual.
Arbor anil Bird Day Annual.



, 1904.
, 1905.
, 1906.
, 1907



MILITARY DOCUMENTS THE MILITIA — REPORTS OF THE ADJUTANT-
GENERAL REPORTS OF THE QUARTERN ASTER-GENERAL THE

NATIONAL GUARD OF THE STATE.

N. B. — The Military Papers and Documents in this Department
are of the greatest interest, embracing as they do, the entire Mili-
tary history of the state, both in war mid peace. Among them are
the Rosters of every West Virginia Regiment in the Federal ser
vice, and that in manuscript of the Thirty-first Virginia Regiment
Confederate States Army, the ranks of which were largely filled by
West Virginians. The War Papers and Documents of the State in
this Department are as follows :

1. Report of the Board of Military Claims for the year ending Decem-
ber 31, 1866.

2. Supplementary Report of the Board of Military Claims; dated Feb-
ruary 12, 1867.

3. Report of Colonel Gibson Lamb Cranmer, West Virginia Commis-
sioner in the Board of Trustees of the Antietam National Cemetery, at
Antietam, Maryland, December, 1866.

4. Report of the West Virginia Commissioners concerning Gettysburg
and Antietam National Cemeteries, January 2, 1867.

5. Report of Colonel Gibson Lamb Cranmer, a Trustee to the Antietam
National Cemetry for the year 1867; dated January 1, 1868.

6. Report of Hon. Chester D. Hubbard, a West Virginia Commissioner
in the Board of Managers of the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettys-
burg, Pennsylvania; dated January 14, 1868.

7. The Military Claim of West Virginia against the United States;
dated March 26, 1868.



1908] Reports Adjutant General's Office. 27

8. The Marion County Riots, Documents relating thereto; dated Octo-
ber 5, 1868.

9. Report of Colonel Gibson Lamb Cranmer, a West Virginia Commis-
sioner in the Board of Trustees of the Antietam National Cemetery;
dated January 1, 1869.

10. Reports concerning the movements of the State Troops in the
great Railroad Riots at Martinsburg and elsewhere in 1877.

11. Report of Colonel (afterward General) John W. M. Appleton, as
to the movements of the State Troops in the Rioting in the New River
Coal-Fields in 1880.

12. Report of Colonel John W. M. Appleton, detailing the movements
of the State Troops in an effort to preserve order in the New River Valley
in 1881; dated November 21, 1881.

13. Dispatches relating to the Cannelton (Fayette county) Riots, No-
vember 16, 1881. Submitted by Governor Jackson to the Extra Session of
the Legislature in 1882.

14. Report of the West Virginia Service Commission made in 1902.
Commission created by Act of the Legislature, approved February 22,
1901.

(annual reports.)
First Annual Report of the Quartermaster-General; dated December 31,

1863.*
Fourth Annual Report of the Quartermaster-General; dated January 1,

1867.
First Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated January 18, 1864.**
Second Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated December 31, 1864.
Third Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated December 31, 1865.
Fourth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated January 1, 1867.
Fifth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated September 30, 1867.
Sixth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated September 30, 1868.
Seventh Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated September 30,

1869.
Eighth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated December 31, 1S70.

Ninth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated , — , 1871.

Tenth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated , — , 1872.



♦Under the law of Virginia the Adjutant-General was ex officio Quartermaster-
General, and performed the duties of both offices ; but in the progress of the Civil
War it became apparent that the duties of tbe two offices were so diverse, and during
active hostilities, so onerous, that they could not be, conveniently and satisfactorily,
preformed by the same person : and in order that there might be more efficiency
in both Departments, a law was passed by the West Virginia Legislature July 23,
1863, separating them, and making the office of Quartermaster-General independent.
On the passage of this law. Colonel George W. Brown, of Preston county was ap-
pointed to that office and served until by an Act passed February 12, 1867. the
offices were again united, that is the Adjutant-General was once more made ex
officio Quartermaster-General. In September. 1866. Francis H. I'ierpont. the first
Adjutant-General of the State, resigned and the duties of his office devolved upon
Colonel Brown, the Quartermaster-General, until the two offices were reunited. It
was he who under date of January 1. 1867, made the report of both offices for the
year 1866. The Second and Third Reports of the Quartermaster-General — those
for 1864 and 1865 — are not in this Department, but it is hoped that they may yet
be found and added to its collection.

**In this Department but not in the Adjutant-General's office. It was printed
in connection with Executive Document. Xo. 1, in appendix to the Senate Journal
for Session beginning January 10. 1864. But one copy is known to exist, and it
should be reprinted at once.



28 Archives and .History. [W. Va.

(biennial reports. )
First Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 1S73

and 1874.
Second Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the" Fiscal years

1875 and 3 876.
Third Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 1S77

and 1878.
Fourth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1879 and 1880.
Fifth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 1881

and 1882.
Sixth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 1883

and 1884.
Seventh Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1885 and 1886
Eighth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1887 and 1888.
Ninth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1889 and 1890.
Tenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1891 and 1892
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1893 and 1894.
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

. 1895 and 1896.
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1897 and 1898.
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1899 and 1900.
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the- Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1901 and 1902.
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1903 and 1904.
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years

1905 and 1906.

REPORTS OF THE COMMISSIONER OF IMMIGRATION.

(annual reports.)

First Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; , 1864.*

Second Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; ...., 1865.*
Third Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated De-
cember 27, 1866.
Fourth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated Jan-
uary 13, 1868.



*The First and Second Reports of the Commissioner of Immigration are not in
this Department. Research has been made for them and it is hoped that they may
yet be found. March 2, 1864, the Legislature passed an Act creating the office of State
Commissioner of Immigration ; and two days later Governor Boreman appointed
Joseph H. Diss Debar, designer of the State Seals and Coat-of-Arms, to this posi-
tion. He engaged actively on the work before him and his reports are State Docu-
ments of rare interest.



1908] Documents Relating to Penitentiary. 29



Fifth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated Jan-
uary — , 18G9.

Sixth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated* De-
cember 20, 1S69.

Seventh Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated
', , 1870.

Eighth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated ,

, 1871.

Ninth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated ,

, 1872.



tReport of the State Immigration Agent, C. E. Lutz; dated August, 1882.



REPORTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
OF THE STATE PENITENTIARY.*

1. Copy of Deed for Land on which the State Penitentiary is located;

dated June 1, I860.

2. Report of the Board of Public Works concerning the location of the

Penitentiary and the appointment of a Board of Directors there-
for; dated December 29, 1866.

3. Majority and Minority Reports of the Joint Legislative Committee to

Investigate the Affairs of the Penitentiary, 1868.

4. Majority and Minority Reports of the Joint Special Legislative Com-

mittee appointed to Investigate the Charges against the Super-
intendent of the Penitentiary, 1869.

5. Report of the Joint Legislative Committee to examine the Condition

and Investigate the Management of the Penitentiary. Dated Feb-,
ruary, 1887.

6. Testimony taken before the Joint Special Legislative Committee to

Examine and Investigate the Management of the Penitentiary,
1S87.

7. Rules for the Government of the Penitentiary as revised by the

Warden and adopted by the Board of Directors,, 1894.

(annual reports.)

First Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary; dated
January 1, 1867.



tMarch 14, 1879, the Legislature passed nn Act authorizing the appointment of a
State Agent on Immigration, and appropriated $500.00 to aid him in his work.
Mr. C. E. Lutz, of Randolph county, who received this appointment, went to work
energetically, and within the next two years succeeded in locating over two hun
dred Swiss families in the State. But no further appropriations were made and he
was forced to suspend the work. His Report to the Governor, made in August
1S82, and on tile in this Department, is a valuable State Document. In 1S97 the
Board of Public Works appointed Mr. Thomas Popp, of Kanawha county, to the
position of State Immigration Agent. But there was no appropriation made and



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