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West Virginia. Dept. of Archives and History.

Biennial report of the Department of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia (Volume 2) online

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dent and James R. Stathers, Secretary and Treasurer.

REPORTS OF THE STATE BOARD OF EMBALMERS.

First Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal

years 1900 and 19014
Second Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal

years 1902 and 1903.
Third Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal

years 1904 and 1905.
Fourth Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal

years 190G and 1907.

CONSTITUTIONS AND JOURNALS OF CONSTITUTIONAL CONVEN-
TIONS.

1. Journal of the First Session of the First Constitutional Conven-
tion; Convened November 2G, 1861, and Adjourned February 18, 1862.

2. Journal of the Second Session of the First Constitutional Convention:
reassembled February 12, 1863, and adjourned February 20th en-
suing. Printed in Wheeling Intelligencer.

3. Copies of the First Constitution of the State.

4. Journal of Ihe Second Constitutional Convention; Convened Jan-
uary 16, 1872; adjourned April 9th ensuing.

5. Copies of the Second Constitution of the State.

REPORTS OF RAILROAD COMMISSIONERS.

1. Report of the Commissioners of West Virginia as to the Chesapeake
& Ohio Railway. Dated June 4, 1867.



♦The State Board of Dental Examiners was created by an Act of the Legislature
passed February 20. 1897, but the President. Charles H. Bartlett, in his Biennial
Report made in 1004, states that he has no knowledge of any previous Reports
having been made. He, therefore, gives details of proceedings from date of organ-
ization.



fThis Report is not in this Department. Search for it will be continued. It is
possible none was made for this biennial period.

The State Board of Embalmers was created by an Act of the Legislature passed
February 24, 1899, at which time it was made to consist of two embalmers from
each Congressional District. Members are appointed by the Governor.



58 Archives and History. [W. Va.

2. Report of the West Virginia Commissioners of the Covington &
Ohio Railroad. Dated February 19, 18G8.

3. Testimony taken by the Joint Committee of the Legislature of West
Virginia appointed to inquire into the Charges for Freight and
Travel on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 1877.

4. Report of the Railroad Committee of the House of Delegates on the
Discrimination of Freight and Passenger Rates on Railroads within
the State. Dated February 5, 1881.

REPORTS OF TRUSTEES OF BERKELEY SPRINGS.

Report of the Trustees of Berkeley Springs to the Legislature. Dated

February 4, 18C9.
Report of the Board of Trustees of Berkeley Springs. Dated December

12, 1882.
Report of the Trustees of Berkeley Springs. Dated December 11, 1886.

Berkeley Springs now in Morgan County, had become known be-
fore the French and Indian War, and, as the "Warm Springs''
were famous before the Revolution, they were included in the Royal
Grant to Lord Thomas Culpeper, Lord Hopton and others in 1680.
and descended to Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cam-
eron, who wedded Margaret only daughter of Lord Culpeper. In
1756 he donated and set apart forever these Springs for the public
use and benefit, the same to vest in the Colony. In 1776 — first
year of the Commonwealth— the General Assembly passed an Act
establishing a town by the name of "Bath" at the Warm Springs,
and as trustees thereof appointed some of the most distinguished
West Virginia pioneers then residing in the Eastern Pan Handle.
Among them were Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan Martin. Warner
Washington, Rev. Charles Mynn Thurston, Robert Rutherford.
Thomas Rutherford, Alexander White, Philip Pendleton, Samuel
Washington, William Ellzay, Van Swearingen, Thomas Hite, James.
Edmonson and James Nourse. They were to lay out into Lots
the fifty acres embraced in the donation from Lord Fairfax. In
1808 — just a. century ago — it was shown to the General Assembly
that a number of the above-named Trustees were dead, and that body
on the 1st of February that year, appointed others ; viz : Hugh
Holmes, Henry St. George Tucker, Philip C. Pendleton. Alfred
Powell, Henry Turner. John Baker, Stephen Dandridge, Elisha
Boyd. David Hunter and Rawleigh Colston. Years came and went;
the town of "Bath" became "Berkeley Springs;" and then came
the Civil War, at the close of which, the title to the "Springs"
property vested in the State of West Virginia. February 28, 1866,
by joint Resolution the Legislature directed the Judge of the Tenth



1908] Berkeley Springs — The Humane Society. 59

Judicial Circuit to appoint twenty trustees for the "Berkeley
Springs" property. This he did as follows: —

From Morgan County — General David H. Strother, Hon. Aaron
Becthol, Henry Williard, Uberto Mendenhall and John Siler.

From Jefferson County— h. P. W. Balch, J. A. Chapline, John
Quigley, Henry Berry and John F. Schley.

From Berkeley County — Commodore Charles Boreman, Bethuel
M. Kitchen, Dr. John S. Wilson, Dr. E. Boyd Pendleton and D.
Darby, Esq.

From the State at Large — Governor Arthur I Boreman, Gen-
eral Thomas Maley Harris, J. B. Ford, Nathan Goff, Jr., and Hon.
James Carskadon.

On the 4th of July ensuing the trustees thus appointed assem-
bled at Berkely Springs and Organized by electing General David
H. Strother, Secretary, and Henry Williard, Treasurer. The Reso-
lution providing for the appointment of Trustees made the Judge
of the Tenth District, President. It is to be regretted that this
Department has, as yet, been unable to procure other Reports of the
Board controlling this historic property.

REPORTS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA HUMANE SOCIETY.

First Biennial Report of the West Virginia Humane Society, for the

Fiscal years 1899 and 1900.
Second Biennial Report of the West Virginia Humane Society, for the

Fiscal years 1901 and 1902.
Third Biennial Report of the West Virginia Humane Society, for the

Fiscal years 1903 and 1904.
Fourth Biennial Report of the West Virginia Humane Society, for the

Fiscal years 1905 and 1906.

The West Virginia Humane Society was created by an Act of the
Legislature passed February 17, 1899, its declared object being
"for the protection of children and the helpless aged and the
prevention of cruelty to animals." "It is God-like to protect
those who cannot protect themselves," said its founders. So
thought a number of actively humane ladies of Wheeling, who for
years had discussed the best way, method and means for the amount
of the work they saw should be done. Accordingly on the 18th
day of May, 1896, there was a gathering of these at No. 1233
Market Street, and ere there was an adjournment, what has since
been know as the "West Virginia Humane Society" had been or-
ganized. Dr. Harriet B. Jones was elected President, and Captain
Charles J. Rawlings, Secretary.



60 Archives and History. [W. Va.

MATERIAL RELATING TO THE PUBLIC DEBT OF THE COMMON-
WEALTH OF VIRGINIA AND THE RELATION OF WEST
VIRGINIA THERETO.

1. Joint Resolution adopted by the General Assembly of Virginia Feb-
ruary 28, 1SGG, addressed to West Virginia regretting a Reunion of
the two States and Proposing a Plan for the Mutual Adjustment
of the Public Debt of the Commonwealth.

2. Reply to Foregoing, Made by a Joint Resolution of the Legislature
of West Virginia, January 30, 1SG7.

3. Joint Resolution of the Assembly of Virginia relative to the Debt
of the Commonwealth. Adopted February 10, 1871.

4. Report of Joint Special Committee on the Foregoing Resolution.
Adopted February 20, 1871.

5. The Inter-State Debt of Virginia and West Virginia: Correspond-
ence between the Governor and the Western Virginia Committee of
London. Submitted to Adjourned Session of Legislature, 1882.

G. Report of the Virginia Debt Commissioners appointed by West Vir-
ginia — the Campbell-Bennett- Jackson Commission of 1871.

7. Original: The Bill of Complaint of Virginia, in the Action of the
Commonwealth of Virginia vs. the State of West Virginia, with at-
tached Documents.

8. The Demurrer of West Virginia; overruled by the U. S. Court.

9. Proceedings in the Equity Suit of the Commonwealth of Virginia
vs. the State of West Virginia, Vol. 1. Compiled by Hon. Clarke
W. May, Attorney-General, 1907.

10. Proceedings in the Equity Suit of the Commonwealth of Virginia
vs. the State of West Virginia, Vol. II. Compiled by Hon. William
G. Conley, Attorney-General.

REPORTS OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE.

First Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1873 and 1874.
Second Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1875 and 1876.
Third Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1877 and 1878.
Fourth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1879 and 1880.
Fifth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1881 and 1882.
Sixth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1883 and 1884.
Seventh Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1885 and 1886.
Eighth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1887 and 1888.
Ninth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1S89 and 1890.



1908] Insurance — World's Fairs. 61

Tenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1891 and 1892.
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1893 and 1894.
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1895 and 1896.
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1897 and 1898.
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1899 and 1900.
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1901 and 1902.
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1903 and 1904
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal

years 1905 and 1906.

The matter of Insurance soon attracted the attention of the
Legislature and as early as March 2, 1864, an Act was passed by
that body, requiring all Insurance Companies doing business in the
State to make report thereof to the Auditor. This law was var-
iously amended until by an Act passed by the Legislature February
25, 1871, all Insurance Companies desiring to do business in the
State, were recpiired to file with the Auditor an accurate statement
showing their financial condition, and to receive from that official
a Certificate of their compliance with law, and authorizing them
to transact business in the State. This made it necessary for the
Auditor to make an "Insurance Report" and this has been done by
him biennially since 1873.

WORLD'S FAIRS— REPORTS OF COMMISSIONS— HAND-BOOKS.

(REPORTS.)

Report of State Board of Centennial Managers for West Virginia, at

the United States Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia, in 1876.

Report of the Board of World's Fair Managers of West Virginia, at

the Columbian Exposition at Chicago, in 1893. Dated January 20,

1894.

Report of the West Virginia Board of the Louisiana Purchase Exposi-
tion at St. fiouis, in 1904.

(hand-books.)

Resources of West Virginia — A Hand-Book. Prepared by M. F. Maury and
William M. Fontaine, for distribution at the United States Centennial
Exposition at Philadelphia in 1876.

The Mountain State — a Hand-Book. Prepared by George W. Summerrs,
for distribution at the World's Fair, Chicago, 1893.



62 Archives and History. [W. Va,

History of Education in West Virginia, compiled by Hon. Benjamin S.
Morgan, State Superintendent of Free Schools, and Prof. Jacob F.
Cork, for distribution at the World's Fair, Chicago, 1893.

Hand-Book of West Virginia — Prepared by Virgil A. Lewis, for distribu-
tion at the World's Fair, St. Louis, 1904.

History of Education in West Virginia, compiled by Hon. Thomas C.
Miller, State Superintendent of Free Schools, for distribution at
the World's Fair at St. Louis, 1904.

History of Education in West Virginia, compiled by Hon. Thomas C.
Miller, State Superintendent of Free Schools, for distribution at
the Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition, on Hampton-Roads, Vir-
ginia, 1907.

"West Virginia Agricultural Resources and Possibilities", by John B.
Garvin, Secretary of the West Virginia State Board of Agriculture.
For distribution at the Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition on Hamp-
ton Roads, Virginia, in 1907.

REPORTS OF THE BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS, AND ACCOMPANY-
ING DOCUMENTS.

1* Report of the Board of Public Works Concerning the Location of the
Penitentiary, and the appointment of Directors. Dated December
29, 18GG.

2. Report of the Kanawha Board to the Board of Public Works, for the
year 1864.

3. Answer of Greenbury Slack, Collector, to the Report of the Kanawha
Board, for 1864. Submitted to the Board of Public Works. Dated
February, 1865.

4. Annual Report of the Kanawha Board for the year 1865. Made to
the Board of Public Works.

5. Report of the Board of Public Works. Dated February 6, 1869.

6. Second Semi-Annual Report of the Kanawha Board to the Board of
Public Works. Dated April 1, 1872.

7. Third Semi-Annual Report of the Kanawha Board to the Board of
Public Works.

The Board of Public Works under the first Constitution — 1863

to 1872 — was composed of the Governor, Auditor and Treasurer —

three members. Under the second Constitution — 1872 to present

time — it is composed of the Governor, Auditor, Treasurer, Attor-

ney-General and the State Superintendent of Free Schools — five

members.

MISCELLANEOUS STATE DOCUMENTS*.

CONTESTS. IMPEACHMENTS, ETC
PUBLIC PAPERS.

Public Papers of Governor A. B. Fleming; one Vol. from February 6,

1890, to March 4, 1893.
Public Papers of Governor W. A. MacCorkle; one Vol. from March 4,

1893, to March 3, 1S97.



1908] Finding-List of Library. 63

Public Addresses of Governor G. W. Atkinson; one Vol. from March 4,
1897, to March 3, 1901.

Public Addresses of Governor A. B. White; one Vol. from March 4, 1901,
to March 3, 1905.

Report of the Committee on Roads and Internal Navigation. Dated
February, 1806.

Majority Report of the Contest Committee and Journal of the Joint Ses-
sion of both Houses of the Legislature for Determination of the
Contest of Aretus Brooks Fleming vs. Nathan Goff for the office of
Governor of West Virginia. Dated January 16, 1890.

Report of the Minority Members of the Contest Committee in the Mat-
ter of Aretus Brooks Fleming vs. Nathan Goff, for the office of
Governor of West Virginia. Pending before the Joint Session of the
Legislature of West Virginia, 1890.

Proceedings in the Impeachment Trial of John W. Kennedy, Judge of the
Tenth Judicial Circuit of West Virginia, February, 1865.

Charges and Specifications against Nathaniel Harrison, Judge of the
Seventh Judicial Circuit of West Virginia, with notices of Proceed-
ings for his Removal, February 3rd and ensuing dates, 1870.

Proceedings of the Senate sitting for the Trial of the Impeachment of
John S. Burdett, Treasurer of the State of West Virginia, Decem-
ber 3, 1875.

Proceedings of the Senate sitting for the Trial of the Impeachment of
Edward A. Bennett, Auditor of the State of West Virginia, Decem-
ber 3, 1875.

An observation: — The foregoing list of the Public Documents
and State Papers, is incomplete. Three years ago no collection of
them was in existence. Since that time, they have been gathered
from the Ohio to the Alleghenies and the Potomac. It has been,
and will be, a primary object of the Department of Archives and
History to prosecute the work of collecting, arranging and classi-
fying the Public Documents of the State, in such manner as to
make each and every one of them readily accessible to every per-
son — citizen of the State or otherwise — who may desire to examine
or refer to them. This work has been hastened as rapidly as pos-
sible with the limited means and assistance at hand. All other
States and Nations now give the most careful attention to the
preservation of their Public Documents, and "West Virginia in this
field of work as elsewhere, must keep pace with her sister Com-
monwealths.

A FINDING-LIST FOR THE DEPARTMENT LIBRARY.

A Finding-List is in the course of preparation. This had its
origin in a desire to give to the Public, at the earliest possible date,
a ready method of ascertaining the contents of the Library. The



64 Archives axd History. [W. Va.

State Historical Society never issued any catalogue, and consequent-
ly none has ever been prepared, and to do this in complete dictionary
form will require a long time and much labor. Hence it was re-
solved to defer at least for a time the work of cataloguing and
prepare and issue a short title-list of all books, phamplets, and
Public Documents in the Library in the form which could be most
rapidly prepared and at the same time answer the most numerous
and important questions likely to be asked of a catalogue. The
plan outlined, and to be pursued does not assume to be based
upon any scientific system or to follow any fixed plan. The effort
will be to answer as practically as possible what is believed to be
the needs of those likely to use the Library. Accordingly, in de-
termining the number of divisions and subdivisions of a particular
class of books, not only what would seem the natural manner of sub-
division, is being considered, but also the number of books in the
Library falling within the particular class. Books are to be
placed under the heading to which they belong. Thus the titles
of all volumes, phamplets and papers, treating of or relating in
any way to South America, are to appear under the index title or
heading, SOUTH AMERICA, they being arranged thus alphabetic-
ally by authors or editors. If it be an anonymous work then it
will be placed in alphabetical order under the word of the title
which seems most likely to be generally remembered, the title of
the subdivision being considered as well as that of the book. So
with the names of all the States and Nations of the world; after
which follow that of science, art and poetry headings. .Such in
brief is the plan of work for hastily making known to the Public
the contents of the Library and at tin 1 same time rendering all
material readily accessible to the reader desiring to make research
and investigation in any line of work', in which he can find assistance
here. Labels have been placed in the books and on them will be
put the necessary characters of identity as rapidly as possible.

NEWSPAPERS IX THE DEPARTMENT LIBRARY.

Rare success has attended the efforts of the Department to col-
lect newspapers of the State of the Olden Time. It now has i:<
its possession one hundred and thirty-six bound volumes, among
them being the old Western Courrier, Charleston, 1823; Western
Virginian and Kanawha County Gazette, 1826: the Kanawha Ban-
ner, 1831-32; the Philadelphia Recorder, 1826; the Episcopal Ban-
corder, 1836; the Baltimore Telegraph and Advertiser,, 1800; the



1908] Manuscripts in the Library. 65



Kanawha Republican, 1841-42-43; the Kanawha Valley Star, 1856-
1861; the Wheeling Intelligencer, from 1852 to 1884; the Wheeling
Register, from 1885 to 1892; the Greenbrier Independent, from
1866 to 1884; the Richmond Whig and Advertiser for several years,
beginning with 1833; the Richmond Enquirer for several years,
beginning with 1824; the National Intelligencer, several volumes;
the New York Tribune, the New York Times, and the New York
World for the years of the Civil War — volumes that money could
scarcely buy. These and many other volumes — both State and Nat-
ional — make a rich and rare collection. Efforts are continued to
secure other volumes.

THE MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT.

The Department is making an interesting and valuable collec-
tion of manuscripts — among them many rare ones. It will be re-
membered that the Legislature made an appropriation to purchase
the manuscript Journals and Debates of the first "West Virginia Con-
stitutional Convention, this being at the time in the possession of
Hon. Granville D. Hall, the stenographer of that body, the second
Secretary of State, but now residing at Glencoe, Illinois. This
has been delivered to the Department and is kept in a steel vault,
where it will be preserved until it is printed. Its value to the peo-
ple of the State can not be estimated. There are three thousand,
three hundred pages, and the Public Printer estimates that it will
make four volumes of, say eight hundred printed pages each.

Many hundred other manuscript productions might be cited but
the following will suffice to show the character of the collection : —

1. Original Roll of Persons Organized to Defend Kanawha County
against Invasion at the Time of John Brown's Insurrection at Har-
per's Ferry, October, 1859.

2. Roster and Reminiscences of the Kanawha County Riflemen of 1861.

3. Notes on the Draper Family of Virginia; and the adventures of Mary
Ingles when a captive among the Shawnee Indians. Written in
1852.

4. Withdrawal of the Western Virginia Members of the Richmond Con-
vention -(1861) which adopted the Ordinance of Secession, with
some account of their return home. Written by Hon. Chester D.
Hubbard, a member from Ohio county.

5. Roster of Members of the First and Second Conventions of the Peo-
ple of Northwestern Virginia — the two Wheeling Conventions — which
assembled May 11th and June 13, 1861, respectfully. Written for
Virgil A. Lewis in 1889 by Gibson Lamb Cranmer, one of the Secre-
taries of the Conventions.



66 Archives and Histoby. . [W. Va.

6. Poem in Commemoration of the Burning of Her Majesty's Ship, the
"Sir Robert Peel", on Lake Erie in 1838.

7. Petition to the General Assembly of Virginia for an Appropriation
to open a Turnpike Road from Glenville, in Gilmer county to Bull-
town in Braxton county.

S. History of the Fitzwater Family of West Virginia. Written by

Colonel John L. Cole.
9. Notes on General Wise's Invasion of the Great Kanawha Valley in

1861. Written by Benjamin T. Wyatt.

10. Sketch of the Life of Hon. Benjamin W. Byrne.

11. The Remarkable Record of General John H. Oley, Federal General
of the Civil War.

12. Reminiscences of Alva Hansford, Pioneer Settler of the Great Ka-
nawha Valley.

13. History of the Hagans Family of Preston and Monongalia counties.
Written by Judge John Marshall Hagans.

Constant inquiry on the part of the Department is being made for
this class of productions, and they are added to the Collection as
rapidly as they can be acquired.

THE MUSEUM SECTION OP THE DEPARTMENT.

The Museum Section of the Department has grown rapidly in
the past two years and the interest of the Public therein has in-
creased proportionately. The facilities have been much improve' 1.
but this improvement has not been adequate to the increase in ex-
hibits. Ten large show-cases similar to those used in the Library
of Congress, were brought back from the Jamestown Exposition
and placed in the Department, where they have been filled with
valuable history material and interesting curios and relics. Still
many other valuable exhibits in this class are stored away in drawers
and elsewhere awaiting case-room for display. Perhaps the two
most interesting exhibits added to the collection in the past two
years, are: first, a replica of the famous Blennerhassett Mansion
which once stood on what is now known as Blennerhassett 's Island
in the Ohio river, in Wood County, West Virginia — the most in-
teresting structure ever reared in the Ohio Valley; and second, an
exact reproduction of the Model of James Rumsey's Steamboat,
now in the Transportation Section of the National Museum at
Washington. General Washington spent the night of September
6th, 1784, at "Berkeley Springs", now in Morgan County, West
Virginia; and there met James Rumsey the inventor of the steam-
boat, who under promise of secrecy, showed him the model of his
boat — similar in all respects to the model here. This section of the
Department will continue to be enlarged.



190SJ Battle Flags of the State. 67

THE BATTLE FLAGS OF THE STATE.

As is well known, the Act of the Legislature creating this De-
partment made it the custodian of the State's Battle and Regiment-
al Flags borne by West Virginians in time of War. These tattered
and torn relics are associated with the most thrilling events in our
history, and they have a peculiar interest to the gallant men still
living who followed them in the fierce conflicts of the Civil War.

In the first Biennial Report of this Department, we described



Online LibraryWest Virginia. Dept. of Archives and HistoryBiennial report of the Department of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia (Volume 2) → online text (page 7 of 35)