West Virginia. Dept. of Archives and History.

Biennial report of the Department of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia (Volume 2) online

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briefly the flags of the various West Virginia regimental organiza-
tions deposited here. When speaking of the Fifth Regiment Volun-
teer Infantry, we said: "There are no flags, banners or guidons
•of this Regiment in the Department.'' Now we are happy to be
able to change this statement. Through the kindness and patriotic
spirit of Dr. Daniel Mayer of this City, who was the first Surgeou
of the Fifth Regiment, we have secured its first battle flag. With
it,* the Doctor furnishes the following statement: —

'In 1861, the Fifth Regiment Virginia Volunteer Infantry was
organized at Ceredo, in Wayne County, now West Virginia. The
ladies of Proctorsville across the river in Ohio, all good, loyal women,
presented the Regiment with a flag, made by their own hands, bear-
ing the legend '5th Va. Regiment.'. It was given in cnarge of
Corporal Samuel Jones of Company II., a boy but sixteen years
of age, who carried it in all skirmishes and on all marches until
the United States Government furnished a new Regimental flag,
much larger and heavier, and a stronger man than Corporal Jones
was detailed as Standard Bearer. The Colonel then ordered Cor-
poral Jones to return the flag which he had borne, to the Quarter
Master, but contrary to this order, he kept it in his possession and
much of the time carried it about his body, the emblem to which he
had become so much attached. The war ended, years passed away,
and the flag was forgotten, until 1885, when Corporal Jones, whose
home was then in Indianapolis, Indiana, totally blind and being
led by a little child, appeared at a meeting of the Grand Army of
the Republic at Louisville, Kentucky, wbere he made inquiry for
Dr. Daniel Mayer, the former Surgeon of the Fifth Virginia Fed-
eral Infantry. He was told that Dr. Mayer was present but en-
gaged in the business of the session, and that he could not see him
before night. He replied that he must leave for his home, and
requested that some one present receive the flag he had with him —
the same he had borne in battle's stern array — and in his name
present it to Dr. Mayer of the old Fifth Regiment. Mrs. Otto H.

68 Archives and History. [W. Va.

Michaelson of Charleston, "West Virginia, who was present attend-
ing the National Emcampment of the Women's Relief Corps, in a
neat little speech, accepted the banner, promising to deliver it to
Dr. Mayer. This she did and he had long in his possession. He
carried it with him to the rennion of the old Fifth Regiment at
Ironton, Ohio, in September, 1908, where but forty-eight of the
veterans of the regiment answered roll-call. Dr. Mayer brought
the flag back home with him and only last week — November 13,
1908 — presented it to the Department of Archives and History,
there, as he said, 'to he kept forever.' "

Thus after more than forty years, this Department is enabled t<>
add to its collection of State battle flags another emblem of the
soldiery of West Virginia in the times that tried the souls of men.


State Libraries and State Capitol Buildings have become depos-
itories for works of art — paintings, sketches and drawings — such as
illustrate biography and history — and West Virginia has done
something — commenced the work — in this Section of the Depart-
ment of Archives and History. Here on easels standing on the
floor, or hung on walls and cases are many Portraits and Sketches,
Among them are the following :


1. Of James Rumsey, of Berkeley Springs, now Morgan county. The
West Virginia Inventor of the Steamboat, 1783.

2. Of Harraan Blennerhassett who built the mansion on Blennerhassett's
Island, in the Ohio, two miles below the mouth of the Little Kana-
wha river— now Parkersburg.

3. Of Margaret Blennerhassett, wife of Harmon Blennerhassett.

4. Of Elisha Wesley McComas. of Kanawha county; elected Lieuten-
ant-Governor of Virginia, on ticket with Henry A. Wise in 1S55.

5. Of James Lawrence Carr, of Kanawha county; appointed Lieutenant-
Governor of Virginia upon the resignation of E'lisha Wesley Mc-
Comas in 1857.

6. Of Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois; President of the United States
from 1861 to 18G5.

7. Of General U. S. Grant, Commander of the Armies of the United
States in Civil War.

8. Of Francis H. Pierpont, of Marion county, Governor of Virginia
from 1SG1 to 18CS.

9. Of Daniel Polsley, of Mason county, Lieutenant-Governor of Vir-
ginia, under the Restored Government, from 18C1 to 1SG3.

10. Of Daniel Lamb, of Ohio county; compiler of the first Code of West
Virginia, 18G8.

190S] Portraits — Drawings — Sketches. G9

11. Of John Hall, of Mason county; President of the Constitutional Con-
vention which framed the first Constitution of West Virginia. Con-
vened November 26, 1861.

12. Of Samuel Price, of Greebrier county; Lieutenant-Governor of Vir-
ginia, 1863 to 1S6?; United States Senator, 1876 to 1877; President
of the Constitutional Convention which framed the Second Consti-
tution of West Virginia. Convened January 16, 1872.

13. Of Henry G. Davis, of Mineral county; United States Senator from
1871 to 1883; and Nominee for Vice-President on the Democratic Ticket

in 1904.

14. Of Thomas A. Morris, of Kanawha county; Methodist Episcopal
Bishop. Last who made the rounds of his Conferences on horse-

15. Of Rev. Asa Shinn, of Harrison county; founder of the Methodist
Protestant Church.

16. Of Alexander Scott Withers, of Lewis county; author of "Chroni-
cles of Border Warfare," published at Clarksburg, in 1831.

17. Of Wills De Haas, of Ohio county; author of the "Early Settlements
and Indian Wars of Northwestern Virginia." Published in 1851.

18. Of Dr. John P. Hale, of Kanawha county; author of "Trans-Alle-
gheny Pioneers," published in 1886.

19. Of Andrew Summers Rowan, of Monroe county; he who bore the
"Message to Garcia".

^0. Of Arthur I. Boreman, first Governor of West Virginia, delivering
his Inaugural Address, twelve o'clock, noon, June 20, 1863, on plat-
form in front of Lin sly Institute, Wheeling; sketched from life
by Joseph H. Diss Debar.

21. Of Aretus Brooks Fleming, of Marion county; Governor from 1890
to 1893.

22. Of George W. Atkinson, of Kanawha county; Governor from 1897
to 1901.

23. Of William M. O. Dawson; Governor from 1905 to 1909. Present In-

24. Of Joseph Marcellus McWhorter, of Greenbrier county; auditor from
1865 to 1869.

25. Of Thomas Boggess, of Roane county; Auditor from 1869 to 1871.

26. Of Edward A. Bennett, of Cabell county; Auditor from 1871 to 1877.

27. Of Patrick Fee Duffy, of Webster county; Auditor from 1885 to 1S93.

28. Of Isaac V. Johnson, of Barbour county; Auditor from 1893 to 1897.

29. Of Jacob Edgar Boyers, of Tyler county; Secretary of State, from
1863 to 1865.

30. Of Granville D. Hall, of Harrison county; Secretary of State, from
1865 to 1867.

31. Of James M. Pipes, of Marshall county; Secretary of State, from
1869 to 1871.

o2. Of Charles Hedrick, of Kanawha county; Secertary of State, from
1873 to 1877.

Archives and History. [W. Va.

33. Of Henry S. Walker, of Kanawha county; Secretary of State, from
1885 to 1890.

34. Of William E. Chilton, of Kanawha county; Secretary of State, from
1893 to 1897.

35. Of William A. Ohley, of Marion county; Secretary of State, from
1890 to 1893.

36. Of Charles W. Swisher, of Marion county; Secretary of State, from
1905 to 1909. Present Incumbent.

37. Of Lewis Summers, of Kanawha county; a Judge of the General
Court of Virginia in 1819; and a member of the Virginia Constitu-
tional Convention, of 1829-30.

38. Of John Jay Jackson, Jr., of Wood county; a Judge of the Federal Dis-
trict Court of West Virginia from 1S63 to 1907.

39. Of Alpheus F. Haymond, of Marion county; a Judge of the Supreme
Court of Appeals from 1873 to 1882.

40. Of Henry Brannon, of Lewis county; a Judge of the Supreme Court
of Appeals from 1889 to present time.

41. Of Henry C. McWhorter, of Kanawha county; a Judge of the Su-
preme Court of Appeals, from 1897 to present time.

42. Of George Poffenbarger, of Mason county: a Judge of the Supreme
Court of Appeals from 1901 to present time.

43. Of Joseph M. Saunders, of Mercer county; a Judge of the Supreme
Court of Appeals from 1905 to 1907, when he resigned.

44. Of William N. Miller, of Wood county; a Judge of the Supreme
Court of Appeals from 1907 to present time.

45. Of Ira E. Robinson, a Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals of
Taylor county, 1907.

46. Of William Burdette Mathews, of Marshall county; Clerk of the
Supreme Court of Appeals.

47. Of John L. Cole, of Kanawha county; State Librarian in 1875.


1. Major-General Jesse Lee Reno, of Ohio county; killed in battle of
South Mountain, Maryland, September 17, 1S62. Highest ranking
officer who gave his life for the Union.

2. General Benjamin Franklin Kelly, of Ohio county; shot through the
body at the battle of Philippi, Barbour county, West Virginia. June
3, 1861. Recovered.

3. General John S. Witcher, of Cabell county.

4. General Robert Saunders Northcott, of Harrison county.

5. General Thomas Maley Harris, of Ritchie county.

6. General David Hunter Strother, of Berkeley county.

7. General James A. J. Lightburn, of Lewis county.

8. General Isaac Hardin Duval, of Brooke county.

1. Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson (Stonewall), of Harri-
son county; died of wounds received in battle at Chancellorsville.

190S] Pictures in Art Section. • 71

Virginia, May 3, 1863. Highest ranking officer who gave his life to
the Confederacy.

2. General Albert Gallatin Jenkins, of Cabell county; died of wounds
received in battle of Cloyd's Mountain, Virginia, May 9, 1SG4.

3. General William L. Jackson, of Wood county.

4. General John Nicholas Clarkson, of Kanawha county.

5. General John Echols, of Monroe county.

C. General John McCausland, of Mason county.


1. Federal Pickets at "Camp Anderson" on New River, West Virginia;
1SG2. Drawn by J. Nep. Roesler, Corporal of Colors, Forty-seventh
Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.

2. Battle of Point Pleasant, October 10, 1774; by Captain Joseph A.
Faris, of Wheeling. (Loaned.)

3. Siege cf Fort Henry, Wheeling, 1782; by Captain Joseph A. Faris,

4. Cummins Jackson's Mill, on the West Fork of the Monongahela, in
Lewis county. Scene of the boyhood days of Stonewall Jackson; by
Sabra Cather Woodford.

5. Flat-boating on the Ohio in 1S17.

G. The Block-House, the most simple form of a Pioneer Fort in West
Virginia, during the Indian Wars.

7. The Palisade Fort, Second grade of Border Forts in West Virginia,
during the Indian Wars.

8. The Stockade Fort, the strongest and most durable structure of
defensive and offensive operations in West Virginia in the Indian

9. The House of James Rumsey, the Inventor of the Steamboat, at Shep-
herdstown, Jefferson county. From a sketch made by Henry Howe,
the Historian, in 1842.

10. Scene of a Pioneer Home in West Virginia, a hundred years ago.
From a sketch made by Henry Howe.

11. Greenway Court, a Stone Building; the heme of Thomas, Sixth Lord
Fairfax, and Baron of Cameron; where he executed deeds for Lands
to Pioneer Settlers in what are now the Counties of Jefferson, Berke-
ley, Morgan, Hampshire and Hardy, West Virginia.

Many more Portraits, Sketches and Drawings should be added to
these in possession of the Department — Portraits of men and wom-
en prominent in the early history of the State; of the men who
made State; and of those most active in its growth and develop-
ment — and sketches, drawings of battle-fields, and other historic
scenes, together with the wonders in the natural scenery of the

72 Archives and History. [W. Va.



The West Virginia Commission of the Jamestown Exposition,
requested the State Department of Archives and History to make
the States Exhibit at said Exposition ; this to be made under the
direction of the State Historian and Archivist.

He undertook this work, and was fortunate in securing the co-
operation of many people in the State who were in possession of val-
uable material for the Exhibit and who were willing to let it be
used for this purpose.

Chief among these were Dr. Henry Stahl, of Parkersburg; Cap-
tain C. Fritz Hess, of Point Pleasant; lion. George xV. Vincent, and
Mrs. General Clarence Smith, of Fairmont ; numbers of others con-
tributed valuable exhibits. The complete Exhibit was shipped
from Charleston to the Exposition Grounds and returned without
breakage or damage of any character.

The space assigned to West Virginia in the Palace of History
at the Exposition was in the central part on the" left side of that
Building between the Exhibits of New York on the left and that of
Pennsylvania on the right.

It occupied 840 square feet of floor space, and 1,312 square feet
of wall space. Every foot of this was occupied. On the flot>r were
ten large Model Show Cases, similar to those in the library of Con-
gress, and made expressly for this Exhibit.

• All were filled with History Material, the wall space together
with that on the four columns which stood in front of the
space, were covered with Portraits, Sketches and Drawings, all
illustrative of the History of the State. At the close of the Expo-
sition, the State property, show-cases, portraits, and all other mater-
ial were returned to Charleston where it has been made a part of the
collection of the Department of Archives and History. Much credit
is due for the careful packing and handling of the furniture and
Exhibits to and from the Exposition, to Mr. Arthur J. Thompson
of Clarksburg, and Mr. Thomas A. Pauley of Charleston, both of
whom rendered most valuable assistance to the Historian and Archi-
vist while making the Exhibit. The following is a list, nearly com-
plete, of the West Virginia History Exhibit at the Exposition.

190S] The State History Exhibit. 73

tion of that in the Transportation Section of the National Museum
at Washington.

interesting structure ever reared in the Oiho Valley.



1. A Virginia Land Warrant for lands in Hampshire county. Dated
August 28, 1789.

2. An Original Deed of Transfer of title for the Lands on which the
Capital City of West Virginia now stands. Executed December 28,

3. A Captain's Commission, issued to Jesse Van Bibber of Kanawha
county. Dated July 28, 1801. Signed by Governor James Monroe.

4. A Poll-Book used at an Election held in Kanawha county, April 13,
183 5.

5. An autograph letter, bearing date August 1G, 180S.

6. An autograph letter, addressed to the General Assembly of Virginia
by George Washington, December 27, 1798.

7. A Deed for Land in Frederick county, Virginia; executed by Lord
Thomas Fairfax, December 5, 1761.

8. Document showing the result of the vote on the Ordinance of Seces-
sion, in Kanawha county, May 23, 1861.

9. An autograph card of John Randolph, of Roanoke.

10. Military Scrip. Issued by William Walker, at the city of Granada,
for the Republic of Nicaraugua, August 30, 1856.

11. An Official Letter, written by Charles Hale, acting Secretary of State,
Jane 11, 1872.

12. An Affidavit made by Edward Brace Terrell before the Lord High
Mayor of London, July 13, 1767.

13. A Plan of Charleston, the Capital of West Virginia. Made March
29, 1807.

14. An Official Bond. Executed by John A. North, Clerk of the Virginia
Court of Appeals, sitting at Lewisburg, now West Virginia. Dated
July 10, 1852.

15. A Pardon. Granted by President Grant.

16. A Muster-Roll of a Comapny of Monongalia county men in the War
of 1812.

17. Shackles. Used during the Civil War in Federal Guard-House at
Charleston, West Virginia.

18. Bullet Moulds. Used for making bullets ,in West Virginia in Pio-
neer times.

19. A Dagger. Found under the hearth-stone of the Blennerhassett Man-
sion after its destruction by fire in 1812.

20. Bullet Moulds. Made of stone, bolted together when in use.

21. Powder-Horn. Carried in the Revolution; also in the War of 1812.

74 Archives and History. [W. Va.

22. Wooden Powder-Bottle. Carried by Fleming Cobb in the Battle of
Point Pleasant, West Virginia, October 10, 1774.

23. A Spoon. Made from born of Buffalo, by a soldier in Lord Dunmore's
Army in 1774.

24. Powder-Horn. Made by Rev. Gideon Hinkle in 1825, the first Lu-
theran Minister in Mason county, West Virgina.

25. A Gourd. Used as a powder-horn by Captain John Wilson when

commanding the Kanawha Riflemen in the War of 1812.
2G. Three Swords. Carried by members of the Third Regiment, West
Virginia Federal Cavalry, during the Civil War.

27. A Sword or Dagger. Found on Blennerhassett Island, nearly a hun-
dred years ago.

28. An Indian War Club. Belongs to Indian Collection in the State De-
partment of Archives and History.

^9. Indian Arrows. Long preserved in West Virginia. .

30. Piece of Federal Flag Staff, shot off in action in battle of Charleston,
West Virginia, September, 1802.

31. Block of Wood with bullet imbedded therein. From battlefield
of Carnifax Ferry, West Virginia.

32. Thirteen Indian Tomahawks. Found among the hills and valleys of
West Virginia. Representing every known form.

33. Steelyards. In use in West Virginia many years ago for weighing
heavy articles.

34. A Peculiar Form of Scales or Balances.

35. Apothecary Scales. Such as were in use among early West Virginia

30. Ink Stand. In use in office of the County Clerk of Greenbrier
county from 1778 to 1830.

37. A Scutching Axe. Used in flattening logs in the erection of pioneer
cabin homes in West Virginia.

38. A Frow. An instrument used in "riving" or splitting clap-boards for
pioneer cabin roofs.

39. Waffle Irons. Used for baking waffles before the introduction of

40. A Beaver Trap. The property of Daniel Boone during his residence
in the Great Kanawha Valley, 1789-1798.

41. A Shovel Blade. Found at bottom of well once in Fort Randolph
at Point Pleasant, AVest Virginia.

42. Keys. Used for doors of first bank building in Charleston, West

43. A Spur. Found on scene of the Mountain Meadows Massacre, Utah.

44. A Stencil Plate. Used by Bell Boyd, the famous Confederate Spy.

45. A "Seng Hoe." Specimen of those used in digging ginseng in the
State many years ago.

46. Fire-Tongs. Like those found at pioneer fire-sides.

47. Copper Spoon Moulds. Such as were used by pioneer settlers in
making pewter spoons.

4S. An Instrument used by pioneer doctors for extracting teeth.

1908] State History Exhibit — Continued. 75



1. Hon. Arthur Ingram Boreman First Governor of West Virginia.

2. Hon. Daniel D. T. Farnsworth. .. .Second "

3. Hon. William E. Stevenson Third

4. Hon. John J. Jacob Fourth "

5. Hon. Henry M. Mathews Fifth

6. Hon. Jacob B. Jackson Sixth " "

7. Hon. Emanuel W. Wilson Seventh "

8. Hon. Aretus B. Fleming Eighth "

9. Hon. William A. MacCorkle Ninth

10. Hon. George W. Atkinson Tenth

11. Hon. Albert B. White Eleventh"

12. A Confederate Monument at Lewisburg, Greenbrier county.

13. A Monument at the grave of Hon. Jonathan M. Bennett, at Weston,
in Lewis county

14. A Monument at the grave of General James A. J. Lightburn, near
Jane Lew, in Lewis county.

15. A Monument at the grave of Alexander Scott Withers, author of
"Chronicles of Border Warfare," at Weston, in Lewis county.

16. Plan of Monument for battlefield of Point Pleasant, Mason county.

17. And Old Mansion House. The home of the Goff Family at Clarks-
burg, Harrison county.

IS. General R. E. Lee and staff on battlefield of Spottsylvania Court
House, Stonewall Jackson of West Virgina, being by his side.

19. The Davis Child's Shelter, at Charleston. Founded by Hon. Henry
G. Davis.

20. An old Chruch at Point Pleasant. Erected in 1810.

21. Singular rock formation in Pineville, Wyoming county.

22. Remarkable rock formation on the Nash Farm, near Buffalo, in Put-
nam county.

23. Statue of General Andrew Lewis, on Washington Equestrian Monu-
ment, Richmond, Virginia.

24. An Historic Mansion. The old home of the Jackson Family at Clarks-
burg, in H'arison county.


1. Of Major Angus McDonald, the builder of Fort Henry, at Wheeling,

2. Of Washington Hall, Wheeling, in which met the Conventions whicn
reorganized the Restored Government of Virginia and formed the
State of West Virginia.



1. A Pardon. Granted by President U. S. Grant.

2. An Autograph Letter. Written by the Historian, George Bancroft,
April 15, 1857.

7G Archives and History. [W. Va.

3. An Autograph Letter. Written January 18, 1862; concerning trans-
portation in an old time stage coach.

4. A Virginia Land Grant; for lands in Hampshire county; signed by
Governor Robert Brooke.

5. A Receipt. Given George W. Summers in payment of License fee for
permission to practice law.

0. A Commission. Issued to Wilson B. Cunningham, of Kanawha coun-
ty, May 28, 1847. Signed by Lieutenant Raleigh T. Daniel of Vir-

7. A Summons. Issued in the name of King George III, for Valentine
Crawford of Berkeley county, West Virginia.

8. A Receipt for subscription to fund for the purchase of Mount Ver-

9. An Interesting Promissory Note.

10. A Lieutenant's Commission; signed by Governor Francis H. Pier-

11. A Virginia Land Grant. For an Island in the Monongahela River.

12. Resolutions of Respect. Adopted by Virginia Court of Appeals sell-
ing at Lewisburg, now^West Virginia on the death of Chief-Justice

13. Bond of John A. North as Clerk of the Virginia Court of Appeals
sitting at Lewisburg.

14. A Virginia Land Grant (1791) for lands in Hampshire county
Signed by Governor James Wood.

15. An Autograph Letter. Written at Richmond, April 14, 1832. Ad-
dressed to John A. North, Lewisburg, Greenbrier county.

16. A Virginia Land Grant. For 5000 acres in Harrison county. (1786.)

17. A Captain's Commission; issued to Captain Jesse Van Bibber of Ma-
son county, 1804.

18. A Virginia Land Grant. For 378 acres of land in Hampshire county.


1. Two Steel Pointed Pikes with handles eight feet long. Brought to
Harper's Ferry by John Brown, in 1859.

2. The Shaft taken from the Bolting Apparatus in Cummins Jackson's
Mill on the West Fork river in Lewis county, where Stonewall Jack-
son spent his boyhood days.



1. A Financial Statement. Shows the total revenues of Charleston, the
Capital of West Virginia, in 1S25, to have been $230.00i/o.

2. A Colonial Virginia Land Grant. From King George III., for lands
in Augusta county. Dated May 1, 1773. Signed by Lord Dunmore.

3. A Pardon. Granted by President U. S. Grant.

4. A Virginia Land Grant. For lands in Monongalia county.

5. A Virginia Land Grant. For Lands in Youghiogheny county.

*5. A Prospectus for A Map of Virginia. By James Madison, 1805.

1908] State History Exhibit — Continued. 77

7. A Lieutenant's Commission. Granted John Evans of Monongalia

8. A United States Land Warrant, for lands for Michael Seagrist of
Mason county.

9. A Petition. Signed by Alexander "Welch of Greenbrier county.

10. A Business Statement. For Public Printing for the District Court of
Parkersburg. Dated December 10, 1855.


1. An Old Masonic Apron. Once the property of John Hill of Gauley
Bridge, a soldier of the War of 1812.

2. An Old Masonic Text Book; the Property of John Hill of Gauley
Bridge, Fayette county.

3. Old Fashioned Spectacles. The property of John Hill of Gauley
Bridge; now deceased.

4. Metal Plate. Engraved in commemoration' of the completion of
the Hale House, now the Runner Hotel, Charleston.

5. Metal Buttons. Worn extensively by West Virginia Pioneers.

6. Fragment of a tree which grew at the head of the grave of Stonewall
Jackson, at Lexington, Virginia.

7. Piece of Fringe, cut by a Confederate bullet from the flag of the
Thirteenth West Virginia Federal Infantry at the battle of Kerns-
town, Virginia.

8. Army Button. Picked up on Custer's battle field in the Black Hills.

9. West Virginia Buttons. First made -for the State.

10. Fish-Scale Jewelry. Made in Florida.

Online LibraryWest Virginia. Dept. of Archives and HistoryBiennial report of the Department of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia (Volume 2) → online text (page 8 of 35)