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technical language for the citizen at large.

The effect is a strong defense of city manager government, but
criticisms are included, mistakes are indicated and opportunities for
improvement suggested. Perhaps there might have been more of the
latter, but the preface states "it is not concerned with the theories of
government .... contained in this or other forms of municipal
management."

The book is the first real appraisal of the earliest practical experiment
with a city manager, and it is able, honest and interesting. It serves
also as a merited recognition of the large part taken by Mr. John H.
Patterson in fighting the fight for effective city government in Dajrton
and in the United States, and by Colonel Henry M. Waite, the first
manager, whose courage, integrity and ability defeated vigorous efforts
to destroy the beginnings of the city manager movement — a program
that now offers many benefits at least to moderate-sized cities.

Lent D. Upson.

Detroit Bureau of Oovemmenial Research.

What of the Cityt America's Greatest Issue — City Planning.
^What it is and How to go about it to Achieve Success. By
Walteb D. Moody. (Chicago: A. C. McClurg and Com-
pany. 1919. Pp. 441.)

Walter D. Moody's new book What of the City? is a much needed
contribution to city planning literature. The author states the aim
of the volume as twofold: First, to provide, through the accomplish-
ments and experience of Chicago, inspiration and guidance for the
professional city planner; and second, to spur to action the citizens of
other mimicipalities.

While the book tells mainly the story of the Chicago plan, and at
times in somewhat exaggerated terms, it will be directly helpful to any
city in showing both the authorities and the citizens how to go about
city planning and how to achieve success. Chicago is virtually the
only large American city that has taken the planning of the whole
city seriously. Chicago's methods have been more logical, more
persistent, and more systematic than those of any other city. The
story is convincingly presented in Mr. Moody's book. Especially
valuable are the chapters deaUng with city planning as a new profession,



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182 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW

and with publicity, or the making of sound public opinion, which is
perhaps the most neglected phase today of many otherwise compre-
hensive city planning programs.

Some of the main facts which Mr. Moody records in the effort of
Chicago to "put across" its city plan are as follows: (1) A report on
The Plan of Chicago, costing $85,000; (2) a popular booklet on the
same subject, of which 165,000 copies were distributed; (3) a notable
pamphlet entitled Fifty Millions for Nothing; (4) the active cooperation
of the clergy, secured and directed through the publication by the City
Plan Conunission of "Seed Thoughts for Sermons;" (6) the official
adoption of Wacker's Manual of the Plan of Chicago as a textbook for
the Chicago public schools; (6) a popular illustrated lecture on "The
Plan of Chicago," reaching directly 175,000 people; (7) a two reel moving
picture feature entitled "A Tale of One City;" (8) the local news-
papers — publishers, editors, reporters, feature writers, and cartoonists —
all cooperating intelligently and generously to carry to the people the
far-reaching benefits contained in Chicago's plan.

The book is particularly timely in these days of reconstruction,
days in which civic building should be inaugurated, but in which little
can be accomplished unless deep-rooted in democratic methods.

The illustrations are numerous, the best being those dealing with
Chicago.

John Nolen.*

Cambridge, Mass.

MINOR NOTICES

Students of Canadian affairs, both past and present, will be greatly
interested in Sir John Willison's Reminiscences which have been pub-
lished in an attractive volume by Messrs. McClelland and Stewart
(Toronto, pp. 351). The author is a veteran journalist who has had,
during the past forty years, an intimate knowledge of public men and
events in his own country. He has enjoyed the confidence of prime
ministers, parliamentarians, and politicians. But that is not all. To
this intimacy of knowledge he joins a firm grasp of government as a
science, and he writes with a practiced hand. The result is a book of
unconmion value and genuine interest. It is replete with shrewd
observations, judicious comments on a multitude of things, and an
unusual array of good stories. Unlike many books of its general
type, moreover, this one is wholly free from malice; its author appears
to bear no ill will towards any man, living or dead. On the other hand



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BOOK REVIEWS 183

the book fails in many points to satisfy the natural curiosity which its
various chapters arouse in the reader's mind. It brings a good many
narratives to the boiling point, and then drenches the fire by an inti-
mation that the sequel to the whole story is confidential. Presumably
Sir John Williston's book goes as far in its revelations as the proprieties
allow. At any rate it is a thoroughly readable volume and a real
contribution to the literature of Canadian political history.

Theodore Roosevelt's Average Americans (G. P. Putnam's Sons, pp.
252) is a chronicle of this young ofiSicer's experiences with the A. E. F.
in France. The narrative is of the gossipy sort and characteristi-
cally Rooseveltian throughout, which means that it is forceful in its
opinions and displays no patience with mollycoddle methods anywhere,
lieut. Col. Roosevelt saw a good deal of America's share in the fighting,
and he describes it with much greater vividness than might be expected
from a writer of slight literary experience. The author's eye for the
things worth telling is remarkably keen; his style is direct, energetic,
and even combative. Col. Roosevelt's knowledge of the American
constitution needs polishing up, however. He tells us in two places
(pp. 37, 66), for example, that this document "forbids billeting,"
which it certainly does not. He also vouchsafes the opinion that
"France has no genius for politics" (p. 39), which is a generalization
that men better versed in the science of comparative government
would hesitate to make. On the whole, however, one can read this
book with high expectations and not be disappointed.

Social Purpoaey by H. J. W. Hetherington and J. H. Muirhead
(N. Y., The MacmiUan Co.), is "a contribution to the philosophy of
civic society." Various chapters deal with such topics as "Citizenship
and Personahty," "Neighborhood," "The Industrial System" and
"The State." Much of the discussion is sternly and severely abstract,
but the authors feel that every serious consideration of social or political
questions must rest upon a coherent philosophical conception of the
nature of civic society. They render a considerable service, accor-
dingly, by pointing out that much of what passes as " social philosophy"
nowadays is fundamentally hollow and untrue.

A sixth edition of J. Ellis Barker's Modem Germany has been issued
by Messrs. E. P. Button and Company. The volume has been con-
siderably rewritten and greatly enlarged so that it is almost a new



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184 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE BEVIEW

book. Mr. Barker, it will be remembered, devoted five editions of
this well-known work to the courageous task of pointing out the proba-
bility and danger of a German attack on civilization Twelve years
ago the author warned Englishmen that they would have to fight for
their existence as soon as the enlargement of the Kiel Canal was finished.
The outbreak of the war came, as a matter of fact, only a few weeks
after this work had been completed. He also predicted, long before
the war began, that it would end with a revolution in Germany and
the fall of the Hohenzollem dynasty. In these dajrs Mr. Barker was
regarded as an alarmist, but the rapid march of events has proved
Him to be a pretty fair prophet, as prophets go. He is also a good
writer, marshaling his facts with considerable skill and weaving them
together into an interesting narrative. But the price which the pub-
lishers have set upon Mr. Barker's volume, good book that it is, seems
out of all reason.

Professor Morris Jastrow, Jr., of the University of Pennsylvania,
has added to his various well-known studies of conditions in the Near
East, a volume, entitled Zionism and the Fviure of Palestine (The
Macmillan Co., 1919, pp. xix, 159) . The book deals with the beginnings
of Zionism, with its various present-day aspects, and with the place
of the Jewish question in world politics. There is a very interesting
chapter on "Palestine of Today."

Under the title Parliament and the Taxj>ayer (London, Skeffington
and Son, Ltd., pp. xviii, 256), Mr. E. H. Davenport discusses the history
of the English budget system and explains the way in which Parliament
now controls the national expenditures. The historical survey is
admirably concise, although it leaves none of the important points
neglected. Present-day methods are outlined very clearly. A chapter
on " Ideal control" gives the author's suggestion as to improvements.
A good bibliography, particularly of parliamentary papers bearing on
the subject, is appended.

Americanized Socialism^ by James Mackaye (Boni and Liveright,
1918, pp. 191), expounds the program of socialism as applied to American
conditions. The author rests his case on the philosophy of utility,
and explains that if socialism cannot be justified in this country on
the score of usefulness it cannot be justified at all. The chapter on
"How to Combine Democracy with Efficiency" is one that will interest



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BOOK REVIEWS 185

every student of political science, although not all will agree with the
author in so easily 'sweeping away the practical difficulties. Unlike
most books on the subject of socialization, however, this volume faces
the concrete problems and for this reason it is of more than ordinary
interest to the man of affairs.

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching is
sponsor for an illuminating study which Mr. Reginald Heber Smith of
Boston has prepared and published under the title of Justice and the
Poor (Bulletin No. 13, pp. 271). The study is an excellent piece of
work in every way and of great interest to the student of legal procedure.
The president of the foundation, in his introduction speaks of it as
one of a ''series of studies of legal education and cognate matters"
which this organization is to publish. But Mr. Smith's volume,
admirable as it is in the discussion of such things as defects in tfie present
administration of justice and methods of remedying them, has little
or nothing to do with teaching or the problems of teaching, whether
in law schools or elsewhere. It indicates that the Carnegie Foimdation
has a very liberal idea of the term ''cognate matters'' as applied to its
own designated field of activity.

A volume entitled Religion and Culture^ by Dr. Frederick Schleiter,
has been issued by the Columbia University Press. It is a critical
survey of the methods of approach to certain social phenomena which
are religious in character.

A study of The Hayes-Conkling Controversy^ 1877-1879^ by Venila
Lovina Shores (pp. 279) forms the fourth number in the Smith College
Studies in History for 1919.

The Russell Sage Foundation has recently published under the title
American Marriage Laws (pp. 132) a digest of legislation relating to
marriage in the several states.

The Naval War College has issued a volume of documents bearing
on neutrality and the breaking of diplomatic relations during the war.
It bears the general title International Law Documents (Government
Printing Office, 1918, pp. 295) and is well annotated, besides having a
good index.



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186 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW

Those who desire to read a review of conditions in Aiistria, Hungary,
Poland and Germany by one who does not fail to conceal his general
sympathy with soviet doctrines will >find what they want in H. N.
Brailsford's Across the Blockade (N. Y., Harcoiurt, Brace and Howe,
1919, pp. 174).

EdiLcation and Autocracy in Russia by Daniel Bell Leary (pp. 127),
is the first issue of the new University of Buffalo Studies.

Many well-known Englishmen have collaborated in writing the
various chapters which appear in Labour and Capital after (he War^
edited by S. J. Chapman (London, John Murray, pp. 280). The
volume deals with English conditions and problems exclusively.

Recent publications by the Carnegie Endowment for International
Peace include The Early Economic Effects of the War upon Canada, by
Adam Shortt, and The Early Effects of the European War upon the
Finance, Commerce and Industry of Chile, by Professor L. S. Rowe.
These two studies are bound in one volume. Another volimie includes
a study of the Economic Effects of the War upon Women and Children
in Great Britainy by Irene Osgood Andrews. Closely related to this is
Professor Benjamin H. Hibbard's volume on the Effects of the Great
War upon AgricvUure, Two larger volumes deal respectively with the
Direct and Indirect Costs of the Great War and with the problem of
Disabled Soldiers and Sailors. The former study was prepared by
Professor Ernest L. Bogart of the University of Illinois; the latter by
Professor E. T. Devine of Columbia.

The Century Company has brought out a volume on Self-Government
in the Philippines (pp. 210) by Maximo M. Kalaw of the department
of political science in the University of the Philippines. The book
gives a concise and up-to-date survey of insular government, including
financial administration.

A small volume on Government Ownership of Public Utilities in the
United States, by Leon Cammen, is to be had from Messrs. McDevitt-
Wilson, 30 Church St., New York.



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RECENT PUBLICATIONS OF POLITICAL INTEREST
BOOKS AND PERIODICALS

BEATBICE OWENS ASHTON and CLABENCE A. BEBDAHL

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC LAW

Books

Aronooici, Carol. Americanization. Pp. 48. St. Paul, Keller Pub. Co.

Beck, Herbert M. Aliens' text book on citizenship. Camden, N. J., Sin*
niokson Chew Sons Co.

Beveridge, Albert J. The life of John Marshall. Vols. Ill and IV. Boston,
Houghton Mi^Sin Co.

Blackf Henry CampbeU. The relation of the executive power to legislation.
Princeton, N. J., Princeton Univ. Press.

Coolidge, Calvin. Have faith in Massachusetts; a collection of speeches and
messages. Pp. 9 + 224. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co.

Pox, Dixon Ryan. The decline of aristocracy in the politics of New York.
Pp. 13 + 460. N. Y., Longmans, Green Co. (Columbia Univ. Studies in Hist.,
Eoon. and Pub. Law).

Government versus private railroads. Journal National Institute of Social
Sciences. Pp. 247. Boston, F. W. Faxon Co.

Hardy, Edwin Noah. A manual of American citizenship. N. Y., American
Tract Society.

Mercer, J. K. Ohio legislative history, 1913-1917: administrations of gov-
ernors James M. Cox, 1913-1914; Frank B. Willis, 1915-1916; James M. Cox, 1917-
1918. Pp. 712. Columbus, O., Department of State. 1918.

Minor, James F. Workmen's compensation laws of Virginia and West Vir-
ginia. Pp. xci + 691. Charlottesville, Va., Michie Co.

Morman, James B. The place of agriculture in reconstruction. A study of
national programs of land settlement. Pp. 374. N. Y., E. P. Dutton A Co.

Ovjen, Robert Latham. The federal reserve act. Pp. 107. N. Y., Century Co.

Program of railroad legislation. Pp. 96. Washington, National Transpor-
tation Conference, Richard Waterman, Sec, Mills Bldg.

Rhodes, James Ford. History of the United States from Hayes to McKinley,
1887-1896. Pp. 13 + 484. N. Y., Macmillan.

Scott, James Brovm. Judicial settlement of controversies between states of
the American Union. 2 vols. N. Y., Oxford Univ. Press.

SheaUy, R. Preston. The law of government contracts. N. Y., The Ronald
Press Co.

Smith, Reginald Heber. Justice and the poor. Pp. xiv + 271. N. Y., Car-
negie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Bulletin No. 13.

187



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188 THE ABfERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW

Weber f Oustavita Adolphus, Organised efforts for the improvement of methods
of administration in the United States. Pp. 16 + 391. N. Y., D. Appleton Co.
(Institute for Government Research).

Weill, Georges. Histoire des Etats-Unis de 1787 k 1917. Pp. 222. Paris,
F^lix Alcan.

Articles

Admiralty Courts. Is every county court in the United States a court of
admiralty? Frederic Cunningham. Am. Law Rev. Sept. - Oct., 1919.

Aircraft. Governmental control of aircraft. Carl ZoUmann, Am. Law Rev.
Nov.-Dec, 1919.

American Relief Administmtion. The American relief administration.
Thomas H. Dickinson, Atlan. M. Nov., 1919.

Budget. The national budget. Joseph Q, Cannon, Harper's. Oct., 1919.

Constitution. The new Constitution of the United States. Robert Lynn
Baits, Am. Bar Assoc. Jour. Oct., 1919.

. Making a constitution. Edward J. McDermott. Am. Law Rev.

Nov.-Dec, 1919.

Constitutional Law. Implied powers and implied limitations in constitutional
law. W, F, Dodd, Yale Law Jour. Dec, 1919.

. Constitutional law in 1918-1919. I. Thomas Reed Powell. Am. Pol.

Sci. Rev. Nov., 1919.

Courts-Martial. The existing court-martial system and the Ansell army
articles. Edmund M, Morgan, Yale Law Jour. Nov., 1919.

. Courts-martial: criticisms and proposed reforms. George Gleason

Bogert, Cornell Law Quar. Nov., 1919.

. Military justice. S. T, Ansell. Cornell Law Quar. Nov., 1919.

. Due process of law in the military establishment. John Leland

Mechem, Central Law Jour. Dec 12, 1919.

Family Court. Social aspects of the family court. Charles W, Hoffman.
Jour. Crim. Law and Crim. Nov., 1919.

Espionage Act. Freedom of speech and of the press in war time : the Espionage
Act. Thomas F, Carroll, Mich. Law Rev. June, 1919.

History and Law. The relationship of history and law as displayed in public
records. Hampton L, Corson. Am. Law Rev, Nov.-Dec, 1919.

Illinois. Preparation for the constitutional convention. W,^F, Dodd. 111.
Law Rev. Nov., 1919.

. Constitutional convention or superlegislature. Urban A, Lavery.

111. Law Rev. Nov., 1919!

. The coming Illinois state constitutional convention. Orrin N. Car-

ter. III. Law Rev. Dec, 1919.

Initiative and Referendum. Initiative and referendum in Massachusetts.
George H, Haynes. Pol, Sci. Quar. Sept., 1919.

Injunction. Injunction in the Supreme Court. Andrew A. Bruce. Minn.
Law Rev. Dec, 1919.-

Intoxicating Liquor. The power of Congress to define the term intoxicating
liquor. Wayne B, Wheeler. Central Law Jour. Oct. 31, 1919.



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RECENT PUBLICATIONS OF POLITICAL INTEREST 189

Iowa. The legislation of the thirty-eighth general assembly of Iowa. John
E. Brigga and Cyril B. Upfiani. Iowa Jour. Hist, and Pol. Oct., 1919.

Justice and the Poor. Denial of justice. A study of our existing administra-
tion of justice as it affects poor citizens and immigrants. Reginald Heber Smith.
Jour. Am. Judicature Soc. Dec, 1919.

Labor Party. Enter: the Labor party. Charles Merz, New Repub. Deo.
10, 1919.

Marbury v. Madison. Marbury v. Madison: a critique. William Tricketi.
Am. Law Rev. Sept.-Oct., 1919.

Merit System. Rise and progress of the merit system. Everett P, Wheeler,
Pol. Sci. Quar. Sept., 1919.

. Constitutionality of merit system legislation. Ben A. Arneson, Am.

Pol. Sci. Rev. Nov., 1919.

Michigan. Judicial system of Michigan under the governor and judges. W,
L, Jenks, Mich. Law Rev. Nov., 1919.

Minimitm Wage Laws. American minimum wage laws at work. Dorothy W,
Douglas. Am. Econ. Rev. Dec, 1919.

Nomination Methods. A new type of direct primary. Ralph S, Boots. Nat.
Mun. Rev. Sept., 1919.

. Nominating conventions. William D. Guthrie. Const. Rev. Oct.,

1919.

Philippines. The political desires of the Filipino people. Conrado Benitet,
Jour. Inter. Relations. Oct., 1919.

Political Chaiges. Are charges against the moral character of a candidate for
an elective office conditionally privileged? I. Jeremiah Smith. Mich. Law.
Rev. Nov., 1919.

Presidential Dictatorship. La dictature pr^sidentielle aux fitats^Unis.
Lindsay Rogers. Rev. Pol. Inter. May-June, 1919.

Public Utilities. The public utility and the public highway. Clarence Dal-
lam. Va. Law Rev. Oct., 1919.

Railroad Problem. Our railroad problem. George W. Anderson. Atlan. M..
Dec, 1919.

. Our railroad problem: how to settle it effectually in the public

interest. Samuel Rea. Am. Bankers' Association, St. Louis, Oct. 1, 1919.

. Railroad legislation as developed up to date (Dec. 10, 1919). R. S.

Lovett. N. Y., Union Pacific System.

Reconstruction. The republic after the war. Charles E. Hughes. Am. Law
Rev. Sept.-Oct., 1919.

. Reconstruction and readjustment. Elbert H. Gary. Am. Bar Assoc.

Jour. Oct., 1919.

Selection of Judges. How shall judges be chosen? Defects and merits of
popular election debated by Conmionwealth Club of California. Jour. Am.
Judicature Soc. Oct., 1919.

Senate. The fight in the senate. Lincoln Colcord. Nation. Dec. 6, 1919.

. The President's attack on the senate. David Jayne Hill. No. Am.

Rev. Nov., 1919.

Sherman Law. Should the Sherman law be revised? Felix H. Levy. Va.
Law Rev. Oct., 1919.



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ISO THE AMEBICAN POLITIGAL SCIENCE BEVIBW

Socialism. The present status of Socialisin in the United States. Oardon S.
Watkiru. Atlan. M. Dec, 1919.

State Administration. Administratiye reorganisation in Indiana. Charle$
Ketileborough, Am. Pol. Sci. Rev. Nov., 1919.

. Administrative consolidation in state governments. A. E. Buck.

Nat. Mtm. Rev. Nov., 1919, Supp.

. How administrative consolidation is working in Idaho. D, W. Dant.

Nat. Mun. Rev. Nov., 1919.

. State administrative reorganization in* Idaho and Nebraska. John

P. Senning. Am. Pol. Sci. Rev. Nov., 1919.

State Department. The United States department of state. John M,
Mathews, Mich. Law Rev. May, 1919.

Suffrage. Suffrage provisions in state constitutions. Kirk H. Porter, Am.
Pol. Sci. Rev. Nov., 1919.

. How women vote. A study of an election in Portland, Oregon.

William F. Oghurn and Inez QoUra, Pol. Sci. Quar. Sept., 1919.

Taxation. Taxation by the state of United States bonds held by corporations.
M. 0, Wallace, Va. Law Rev. Oct., 1919.

. Power of Congress to tax state securities under the sixteenth amend-
ment. Albert C. Ritchie, Am. Bar Assoc. Jour. Oct., 1919.

. The Revenue Act of 1918. Robert Murray Haig, Pol. Sci. Quar.

Sept., 1919.

. The present status of tax reform in North Carolina. C, Chilton

Pearson, So. Atlan. Quar. Oct., 1919.

Treaty-lAaking. The Congress and treaties. Noel Sargent, Central Law
Jour. Nov. 21, 1919.

. Amendments and reservations to the treaty. Quincy Wright, Mizin.

Law Rev. Dec, 1919.

Wadsworth Bill. Putting the government on a business basis. Perley Morse.
Forum. Dec, 1919.

War Labor Board. The national war labor board. Richard B, Gregg, Har-
vard Law Rev. Nov., 1919.

War Legislation. The power of the federal government to extend the recent
war acts of Congress into times of peace. Henry Upson Sims, Va. Law Rev.
Nov., 1919.

Webb-Pomerene Law. The Webb-Pomerene Law — extra-territorial scope of
the unfair competition clause. William Notz. Yale Law Jour. Nov., 1919.

FOREIGN AND COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT
Books

Anuario judicial de Espafta. Contiene cuantos datos, noticias, sefias e in-
formas interesan a la Administraci6n de justicia espaftola. Pp. 550. Madrid,
Est. Tip. de Fortanet.

Anet, Claude, La revolution russe. 3 vols. Paris, Payot. 1918-19.

Barker, Ernest, The future government of India. Pp. 91. London,
Methuen.



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BECENT PUBUCATION8 OF POLITICAL INTEREST 191

Bemaya, C, A, Queensland politics during sixty years (1859-1919). Pp.
664. Brisbane, A. J. Gumming.

Baitsier, Liopold, Le principe de la separation des pouvoirs dans r^tablisae-
ment de la ddmocratie en Suisse. Oeneva, Ktindig.

Brufis, Viktor. Sondervertretung deutscher Bundesstaaten bei den Friedens-
▼erhandlungen. Tubingen, Mohr.

Camu»90f Carlo, La polisia annonaria nella legislazione normale e nella
legislasione di guerra. Pp. 101. Stradella, tip. P. Salvini.

de Chambre, A. Quelques guides de I'opinion en France pendant la grande
guerre (1914-1918). Pp. xxvii + 228. Paris, Colin. 1918.

ChAradame, Andri. Conmient 6viter les imp6ts mortels. Pp. 179. Libr. de
la Pensde Fran^aise.

Clarke, John /. Outlines of central government. Including the judicial sys-
tem of England. Pp. 111. London, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons.



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