Weston Arthur Goodspeed.

The province and the states, a history of the province of Louisiana under France and Spain, and of the territories and states of the United States formed therefrom (Volume 4) online

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EVENTS IN KANSAS EROM 1S69 TO 18S9. 327

placing a quarantine upon Texas cattle and providing for tlie
appointment of a state veterinary surgeon were passed.

Kansas was well represented at the New Orleans Exposition
in the winter of 1884-85, taking altogether sixty-five prizes.
First prizes were awarded on cattle, corn, wheat, Hour, sorghum,
sugar and apj)les.

The fourth hiennial legislature with A. P. Riddle presiding in
ihe senate and J. B. Johnson speaker of the house met January
13, 1885, and adjourned on the 7th of March. The princii)al
acts of the session were those autliorizing hoards of education in
certain cities to issue bonds ; compelling railroads to fence their
lines; and establishing a board of pardons, boards of health, a
bureau of labor statistics, a state reformatory for young criminals,
an imbecile asylum at \Vinficld, and a soldiers' orphans' home
at Atchison. Governor Martin's administration began at the
commencement of the session.

John Alexander Martin, ninth governor of Kansas, was born
at Brownsville, Pa., March 10, 1839. In 1857, with a com-
mon school education and the ])rinter's trade as his capital,
he arrived at Atchison, Kan., and found employment on the
Squatter So-vcrciij,n. Pater, he bought the ])ai)er, changed the
name to Frcaloiii's Chantpiun. and cuntinued t(j hold an interest
in it until his tleath. He was secretary of the \Vyand(Jtte consti-
tutional convention, and represented Atchison county in the first
state senate. In 1861 he hel])ed to organize the l'<ighth Kansas
infanny, was nuistercd in as lieutenanl-colonil, and rose to be
eoloMil of llic n;;imriil. lie >ir \rd two UTUis as governor of
Kan^^as ; w .is M.\'i-ial time a delegate to national conventions of
his i)arly; was a member of the Centennial Commission; was
department commander of the G. A. R. ; served as mayor and as
postmaster of Atchison ; and w as distinguished throughout the
West as a statesman and journalist. He died at Atchison,
October 2, 1889, and was liuried with civic and military honors.

In June, 1884, congress passed an act j^roviding for a Soldiers'
honxc somewhere in the West. L,cavenworth offered to donate
a section of land and fifty thousand dollars in money to secure
the institution. The proposition was acce])ted by congress, and
an act locating the Home upon the land di^nated by the city and
jieoplc t)f l,rav(.nw(irth was jiassed l'\])ruary 23, 1885. Work
upon tli<- biiiMin-s was br-nn in ibr fall of 18X5. 'i"be Home
is siln.'il' i ;ib(»nl IIikc iiilbs sonlii of llic eily, and now has
accomnio.Lii K .lis for inaily 3,<'0() inniales.

A stale census taken in l8,S5 showed the population to 1)C



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328 'JIll^ I'KUl'INCE AND rilll STATi.S.

1,268,562. At the beginning of tlic year the vahie of the slate's
institutions was reported as follows: State Capitol (still incom-
plete), one niilliiin six hundred thousand dollars; Insane hospital
at 'l\>peka, five hundred ninety-six thousand ilollars ; Insane hos-
pital at Osawatoniie, three hundred fifty-seven thousand dollars;
Deaf and Dumb institute at Olathe, one luuuhvd hve tlnuisand
dollars; Blind asylum at \V)andotte, seventy-hve thou.sand dol-
lars; State Reform school at Topeka, eighty- six thousand dol-
lars; Soldiers' Orphans' home al Atchison, f^irty-nine thousand
dollars; Home for lAehle-nunded at WinlKld, twenty-seven thou-
sand fne hundred dollars; Stale uni\ei>il\- al Lawrence, tln-ee hun-
dred lif[\-one thousand three hundred dn]lar> ; Agricultural col-
lege at Manhattan, two hundred thirteen liiousand, seven hundred
twenty-eight dollars; Noriual sch.iol at luupuria, sixty-eight
thousand four hundreil dollars; iVniteutiary al lA-avenworth,
one million three hundrt'd ninety-one thousand ninety dollars;
Industrial reformatijry at Hutchinson, one hundred sixty thou-
sand dollars; making a total of five million eighty thousand and
eighleen dcjllars. These insliluliwus occui)ied 2,\i^() acres cd" laud.
The coal output for the year was about 35,000,000 bushels, and
more than 6,000 miles of railroad were in operation.

l{arly in the year a county seat war occurred in Pratt county.
An election had been held in October, 1885, ami on the yth of
January, 1886, the conuuissirmers ordered the county officers to
remove from luka to I'ratt Center, the former town having
received 51)7 and the latter ()-'8 votes. In reaching this result the
coiiunisSKiners, o\\ .ucouiit n|' jiaud, had ihrowii eul the ixtunis
from Saratoga, giving luka 530 voles and I'ratt Center 7.
This act incensed the Saratoga people, and, while the removal
was in progress, they captured tlic treasurer's safe and kept it.
Both factions were soon in arms. The town of Pratt was fired
into, January 2-j, and several houses were pierced by bullets. A
party from Saratoga made an atleiupt to enter the town the next
day; but this time the j^eople of I'ratt were on the lookout, and
two Saratoga men were wounded. Meantime the old court-
house at Tuka was burned. .-\iljutant-C.eneral Campbell and Col.
W. K. Hutchinson, of the governor's staff, were sent to settle the
difficulty. They stationed guards at Pratt and Saratoga, with
instructions to allow no one b(.'aring- arms to enter the towns. On
Ihe 8th of i'ebruary the records, etc., were taken back to luka,
tinder a .\iil fiom (he iiipKine com t, and peace was restored.

Ill M; iJi Ihe Knights <>f Labor employed on the Missouri
Pacific railway went out on a strike, with the town of Parsons as



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lli'liNTS JN K.L\'S.IS I- ROM uS6<^ TO iSS<^ 329

tlic center of Iho tlisturbancc. On the Kith the sheriff of
I.aheltc county lclci;ra|)liLnl that he was unahle to control the
.situation, and Governor iMartin dispatchetl the adjutant-general
to the scene, with instructions to call tnil the militia il'he thought
it necessary. At first the adjutant-general decided that troops
were not needed. This encouraged the strikers, and the situation
grew worse. Injunctions r>f the courts and a pHjclaniaticni of
(lovernor Martin were ignored. As a last resort Colonel Patrick
was ordered to I'arsons with the First regiment of the national
guard. The troo])s arrived at Parsons on the morning of A])ril 2.
Four companies were dismissed on the 12th, and the remainder
of the regiment, on the 14th. Leaders of the strike were
arrested, tried and convicted of misdemeanors.

( )n July 7, the lve[)uhlicans met in convention, at Topeka.
Tile governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary, attorney-general,
superintendent of puhlic instruction, and Judge 1). M. Valentine,
were all re-ntnuinated. Tiie ticket was completed by the selection
of Timothy McCarthy for auditor and James W. Hamilton for
treasurer.

'Pile convention adopted resolutions favoring a protective
tariff, recommending the estahlishmeut of a commercial marine,
and denoimcing the Democratic ])arty for disfranchising negro
voters in the South.

The Democrats held their convention at Leavenworth, August
4, and nominated the following ticket : Governor, Thomas Moon-
light ; lieutenant-governor, S. 0. Isett ; secretary, W. F. Petillon;
auditor, W. I). Kelley (colored); treasurer,'!,. P. Pirchl'ield ;
atlt)rne)-general, A. S. Devenney; superintendent, W. J. A.
Montgomery; associate justice, W. M. Whitelaw. The principal
features of the platform were declarations in favor of arbitration
in labor disputes, j^f laws to prevent railroad companies from
watering stocks, of a revision of the peision laws, of the forfeiture
of unearned land grants, of the re-submission of the prohibitory
amendment, of a license system, and of tlie opening of Oklahoma
to white settlement.

C. H. liranscomb was the Prohibition candidate for governor,
and at the election in November received 8,094 votes. Martin
received 149,615 votes and Moonlight, 115,697. Si-ven Kej^ubli-
ran cong-ressmen were elected.

A speci.il c.sioii of the li i^islatuie was convened, January l(^
iKXf), and djourni'd I'ebruaiy Jo. I'ew laws of !;eneral import-
ance wire .n.nled. A new legislative apporlionnienl was made;
the stale noruLal school was endowed; May 30 was declared a



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33o^



Tim PROl'lNCE AND Til II STAiliS.



legal holiday ; and an act authorizing the establishment of county
high schools was passetl. The fifth regular biennial session began
January ii, 1887, and ended IMarcli 5. At this session the lieu-
tenant-governor presitled over the senate, and A. W. Smith was
elected si)eaker. The senate occupied the new senate chamber
which had i>ut recently been completed in the capitol. Several
new counties were established ; the office of state forester was
created; provision was made for payment of losses sustained by
citizens of Kansas through guerrilla raids during the war ; and a
new liquor law to regulate the sale of intoxicants by druggists
was passed. Under this law every purchaser was required to
make affidavit, on a form furnished by the county clerk, that the
licpior was to be used for medicinal purposes, and the druggist's
report was required to tally with the clerk's record. A bill giving
women the right to vote at school and municipal elections and
upon the question of bond issues was also passed.

On June 2, 1887, an election to locate a county seat was held
in Stevens county. Woodsdale and Hugoton were rival towns,
and feeling ran high during the canvass. .Some delay in count-
ing the vote occurrecl. About four hundrrd iiilh in the two
towns were under arms fcnir days after the election. Sheriff
John Cross, in trying the keep the peace, was not permitted to
enter the town of Hugoton. lie telegraphed Covernor .Mar-
tin, whereupon Gen. Murray Myers was sent with two comija-
nies of militia to maintain order. Meantime, the supreme court
was aiiplii'd to for a writ of mandanuis to compel the comniis-
.sioiurs to eoiHit tiie voU'. Tlie writ was i>sin'd June _'^ the
V(jle was counted, and the trouble sei'uied to l)e emk-d. While
the canvass was on, a warrant had been placed in the hands of
"Ed" Short, of Woodsdale, for the arrest of Sam Robinson,
the marshal fif Hugoton. This warrant was still held by Short
after tlu' election. Jul\' 2J, he maile an effcirt to serve it by
following Robinson and some of his friends into what was known
as "No-i\Ian's Land." Finding himself unable to make the arrest
with the assistance he had at liand. Short sent for Sheriff Cross
and a posse to help him. News of this reaching Hugoton, a
party was sent from that town to tlie su])port of Robinson, who
managed to elude the sheriff and join the friend,, sent tt) his
aid. Unable to find Robinson, Cross and his parly started to
nltnn I- Woodsdale, but slopped at a baviuL; camp to rest.
Willie lie, were asleep upon llie hay. K'olnn.on and lus parly
came u\> ,iud opened lire without a word of warning. four men,
one of wiioni was Sheriff Cross, were instantly killed, and anc^llier



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EVENTS IN KANS.IS fROM 1S69 TO iSSi;.



331



was \v()Uii(1l-(1. >= Iloth tiMvns were immediately in arms. Aufi^ust 5,
the iMftli regiment uikKt C'oldiul Woodcock was scut to ilui^o-
toii. The next day two companies were sent to W'oodsdale, l)otli
towns were searclied for arms, and about two hundred guns and
l)istols were taken. Tlie beUii^erenls finally cooled down, and the
trooi)S were withdrawn. Several count)' seat contests occurred
in the slate during the eighties, but the "Stevens County War'"
was the worst.

Six hundred delegates met at Abilene in April, 1S8S, to organ-
ize a movement to remove the capital to some point farther west.
Resolutions were adopted, ojiposing any further ajipropriatic^ns
for the state house at Topeka, pledging the delegates to that
end, and asking the co-operation of the people of central and
western Kansas. The cost of the capitol up to that time amounted
to one million four hundred forty-nine thousand dollars.

( )n July 4, the Democrats met in state convention at Leaven-
worth. John Martin was nominated for governor; li. M. i\Ioorc,
lieutenant governor| ; Allen (j. Thurnian, secretary; W. H. Will-
hert, auditor; William 11. White, treasurer; I. F. DifTerbaker,
attorney general ; A. N. Cole, sui)erintendent, and W. P. Camp-
! ^ bell, associate justice. Apjjroval was given to the jilatform and
1 candiilates of the national convention ; sum])tuary legislation was
; opposed ; the metropolitan police system was denouncetl ; and
i tariff reform was demanded.

* This year the Prcihibitionists j^laced a full ticket in the tleld.

I Their Convention met at Hutchinson, July 18. and ni)minated
I cmdidaKs as foll.>ws; c;o\ernor, J. D. I'.otkin ; lieutenant gov-
I ernor, K. J. k'reeley ; secretary, L. K. Mclnlyre; audil^)r, (ial)riel
I r.urdett ; attorney general, S. A. Hyer ; superintendent. Miss S. A.
j Brown; associate justice, J. ( ). Pickering, liesides the usual
j declarations on the li((ut)r trahic, the resolutions favored gov-
i ernment ownership of railrcxids and telegrajihs; the election of
; president, vice president, and Cnite(l Slates senators by popular
•, vole, and (Apposed alien land ownership.

I The l\e])ublican convention was held at Topeka July _'6, and

the following ticket was named: (i<ivernor, L)inan LJ. Hum-
phrey; lieutenant governor, .\. J. ludt ; secretarv, \\'illiam llig-
gins; auditor, Timolhv McCarthy ; treasurer, J. W. llamilloii;
allornev gi'Uciai, I.. I'.. i\c'llo,';.;', : snperinlen<Ient, C. \V. Win.ans ;
a.ssoeiale Jul,..,-, W. A. J..lnislon. The pl:.lf.Min declared in

tddii niiMi ill llio parly, iukI tim oliiiiiciv, aru tli.it all \vc-i-.> ni|ii.illj t;iiill y
n*". W. Kiusius was aflniwani H.iliHlitm.id for M.i,.i.,,






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332 THE PROriNCE AND THE STATES.

favor of "home a,i;ainst the saloon"; (Icinaiided a strict enforce-
iiieiil of tlie prohiliiloi)- laws; and advocaleil the enacliiieiil of
laws to protect Aiuericau wcjikuieii aj^aiiist Cdunese, convict and
paui)er labor. 'Jdie prohibition of trusts and the reduction of
interest to six per cent were demanded.

A Union Labor ticket with J'. P. l^lder as the candidate for
g-overnor, was also i)resentecl U) the voters. hVir president the
Republicans carried every count)- in the state, Harrison's plurality
being- 79,631. I'or governor, ilumi)hrey received 181,318 votes;
]\Iartin, 107,822; Elder, 36,320; T.otkin, 6,452. Two amend-
ments to the constitution, one allowing negroes to join the mili-
tia and the other regulating alien land ownership, were adopted.

In May, 1888, a farmers' "trust" convention met at Topeka.
Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Indiana and Missouri were repre-
sented. After some discussion an adjournment to meet at the
same place on the fourteenth of November was taken. When
the convention reassembled, rejiresentatives from every part of
the Union were present. The National Grange of the Patrons
of Husbandry met at Topeka at the same time. Resolutions in
favor of the free coinage of silver, the expansion of the circu-
lating mediun-i, and the improvement of rivers and harbors were
adopted.

New industries sprang up in Kansas in 1888 from the discov-
ery of rich deposits of salt in Reno and Rice counties and a fine
bed of clay near Topeka, suitable for the mainifacture of vitritu'd
brick, rile }ear was one oi general prosperit\-.



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KANSAS. URUM IR'M I'lIRIiV TO i9^>.'. 333



CHAPTER VI



L



From Humphrey to 1902

^'MAN UXDERWOOD ilUiAI I'll KEY, tcnlli governor of

Kansas, was burn in Stark cunnty, O., Jnly 25, 1844.

When seventeen years of aL;e, lie enlisted as a private in

the Seventy-sixth Ohio infantry, antl before he was twenty-one

was acting adjntant of his regiment, lie participated in all the

battles of the Vicksburg canii)aign, was woundetl at I'ittsbnrg

Landing, and marched with Slierman t(j the sea. After the war

1 he attended Mount Union College and the law department of

I Michigan University. He was admitted in 18C8 and located at

Independence, Kan., where for some time he was connected

with the Kansas Tribitiic. In 1S76 he was elected a member of

I the lower branch of the legislature, and the next year was elected

ilienlenaul-gipverniir Id lill a vacancy. In 1878 lie was re-elected,
and in 1884 was chosen to represent his district in the state senate,
lie served two terms as governor, being re-elected in 1890, though

I by a reduced majority, owing to the Farmers' Alliance movement.

I With the opening of the sixth biennial legislature, January 8,

1889, Governor Humphrey was inaugurated. Lieutenant Covernor
Felt was called to preside o\er the senate, and I\lr. I'.ooth was
elected si)eaker of the liousc. On the second day of the term, a
Rei)ublican caucus nominated I'reslon \',. i'lumb for re-election to
the United States senate, and on the 2y\ he was elected senator
for the third time. In response to a general demand, an anti-
trust law was i)assed. This law declared unlawful anil V(jid "all
arrangements, lonlracis, agreements, trusts or d Hubinations
between peri>ii^ or cori)oralions made with a \iew lo |>revent
full .iiid fier . iii|ulili.Mi in impwilaliuii, h anspoi l.il ion, ,m.l s.ile
of articles impoi led into the stale, nr in llie prodnclion, manu-



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334



THE PROJ'INCE .-LVD THE STATES.



facture or sale of articles of domestic growth, . . . ov for
the loan or use of inoney, or lo lix attorney's or (l(Jctor^' fees,
insurance rales," etc. lleavy fines for violation of the law were
l)ro\itkHl. The name of L)a\is C(_Hinty was chaii,L;e'l to that of
Geary. An aijpropriation of fourteen thousand three hundred
and sixty-seven dollars to reimburse the state officers for money
advanced in 1888 to jxiy interest on the Ouantrell raid scrip was
made. An act to estahii.di a state soldiers' home at I'ort Dodge,
provided congress would donate the land and huildingsof the old
fort, which was no longer needed fi;r a militarv post, was also
passed. Idiis was suljsecinenlly tlone, and a home on the cottage
plan was established; a school house was built, and a place
where the old and infirm veterans can i)asN their declining \ears in
peace and comfort, the honored guests of a grateful common-
wealth, was provided. At the spring electicjus of i88(;, the towns
of Arg-onia, Cottonwood ImHs, Roosville, l'>aldwin and ( )skaloosa,
each, elected a woman for ma\'or.

The census of iSfjo showed an increase of 431,000 in the popu-
lation of Kansas during the decade. Crops of the slate were
valued at one hundred and four million Wvc hundred and seventy-
two thousand five hundred dollars, and the school in'Oi^ertv of
the state was valued at ten million dollars.

The corn crop of 1889 was unusually large, and at the opening
of 1890 low prices for that Kansas staple jirevailed. ]\Iany farm-
ers refused to sell. Februar\ 8, Governor llumphre\' Ik Id a con-
ference with otTicials of the various railroads and obtained a
reduction of ten per cent in rales. This had the effect of moving
large ipianlities ol corn to market, but il also .stalled an agitation
in favor of lower freights. In .April _'0,ooo members of the
Farmers' y\lliance petitioned the railroad commissioners to reduce
the rates from all Kansas points to the Missouri river. The
commissioners published a new schedule, U) take effect Sep-
tember I, in which the rates on grain were reduced about thirty-
two per cent.

Sundr\' inlUu'nces were at work in the cami)aign of 1 890, to
cloud the political horizon with unct'rtaintit-s. During the year
1889, the growth ui the h^armers' .\lliance in Kansas and other
Western states had been phenomenal. Allhough a social f)rgani-
zation, eschewing politics, man)- of the membirs insisted upon
independeni pohliial arlion, ;md forme,! ., new pailv. besides
llu' AlliaiM < , i.lieie wert' olher indusli i;d ori'.ini/alious in ihe slate,

,snch a'. II, I'ah of lluh.mdiv, Knndils .,| I abor, I'.irniers'

Mutual l.mdit Associ.ition, Single-Ta.K Clubs, etc. June 12,



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KANSAS. I'ROM HUMPHREY TO 1Q02. 3^5

representatives of all these organizations met in eonvention at
Topeka and organized the People's or Pojjnlibt party. A call
for a second convention at Topeka on the 13th of August, to nomi-
nate a state ticket, was issued. "Jhat convention was largely
attended, all parts of the state Ijcing represented. John F. Will-
its was named for governor; A. C. .Shinn, lieuteiiant-governur ;
R. S. Osborn, secretary; ]■:. F. Foster, auditor; W. H. Piddle,
treasurer; John N. Ives, attorney-general; AI^s Fannie McCor-
mick, superintendent, and W. V. i>;igliliiiiiv, supreme judge. The
plalforni demanded the alH,liti(,n of nali.uial hanks; the'free and
unlimited coinage (d' sih'er; Ihe governmental ownership of trans-
portation faedities; the enaelmenl of laws to prevent dealing in
options and fulures; and the prcdin)ition of alien land ownership.

All through the year i^^^^j a portion of the Re])uhlican party
kejit uj) the agitation in favor of re-suhmitting the prohibitory
amendment, ddie movement received quite an impetus by the
"original package" decision of the United States supreme ocurt
in April, 1890, in which it was held that the state had no right to '
restrict the importation of liquors in the original packages. Scores
of "Original package" shoi)s were opened, and the prohibitory laws
of the state were set at dehance.* The law had been declared a
failure by a convention of resubmissionists at Wichita in January,
when the Republican Resubmission League was organized. Upon
the announcement of the decision, this league urged Governor
Humphrey to call a special se.ssion of the legislature to provide
for re.submilling the amendment. The governor refnseil the
re(iue>t and the league joined with the nemocrats in the nomina-



Online LibraryWeston Arthur GoodspeedThe province and the states, a history of the province of Louisiana under France and Spain, and of the territories and states of the United States formed therefrom (Volume 4) → online text (page 35 of 53)