Weston Arthur Goodspeed.

The province and the states, a history of the province of Louisiana under France and Spain, and of the territories and states of the United States formed therefrom (Volume 4) online

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bined influence of the money lenders and bondholders of this coun-
try and Europe ; and,

"Whereas, That crime has cheapened the products of the mine,
of the farm and the workshop, and has resulted in mKX]uivocal
injury to all the great industries of the cou.ntry, and has benefited
only the money kings at the expense of the people; and,

"Whereas, We believe that the question of tiie free coinage of
silver is the |)rincipal issue now before the American people, and
steps should he immediately taken for its full restoration as a
money metal ; now, therefore,

"Tlie Republican party of Colorado, in convention assembled,
hereby demand the enactment by Congress of a law provitling for
the free and imlimited coinage of silver on an efjual basis with
gold."

Delegates t(» the Democratic national convention were selected
on the J5(h of May. The declarali.uis in fav.M' of the remoneli-
zation of siKer were lidly as railiccd as thost' o\ the Kepul)lican
convention. In addition to the resolutions on the money (piestion
President Harrison's administration was denounced for its attitude
with regard to the Ute Indians.

The first nominations for state candidates were made by the
Prohibitionists in May. John Hipp was named for governor;
D. W. P.arkly for lieutenant-governor; R. A. Rice for secretary;
L. C. Aley for auditor; Fred White for treasurer; J. C. Home
for attorney-general; A. B. Hyde for superintendent of pu1)lic
instruction; H. H. Bell and Edwin Hungerford for regents, and
Frank T. Wilson for justice of the sui)reme court. The platform
demanded the alx>lition of the sakxHi ; no national banks; the free
coinage of silver; government ownership of railroads, telegraph
and telephone hues, and the election of United .States senators by
popular VG. . The convention expressed its disapprobation of



VA-



458 THE PROriNCE AMD THE STATES.

the custom of hiring- out the slate convicts, for the construction of
ditciies belonging'' to irrigation corporations, and atlvocated tlie
passage of a law to [jrohibit its further continuance.

The Repul)hcan nominating convention was held on Septem-
ber 8. Chief Justice Joseph C. llehu was nominated for gover-
nor; J. AI, Downing- for heutenant-governor ; H. J. IXaton for
secretary ; Harry Tarbell ior auditor ; Harry Mulnix for treasurer;
C. S. Libby for attorney-general; G. 15. Timberlake for superin-
tendent of public instruction ; J. Semple and Warren E. Knapp
for regents, and George \V. Allen for justice of the sui)reme
court. A resolution was adopted tleclaring that '"President Har-
rison, in his letter of acceptance, has placed himself equally upon
record as favorable to the white metal, and has effectually dis-
posed of the statements upon which are based the campaign of
his enemies in this State."

A few da)s after the Republican ticket was nominated the
Democratic State convention met at Pueblo, d'lie party was
divided on the subject of uniting with the Populists in the forma-
tion of a ticket. The Fusionists got control of the convention anil'
part of the delegates withdrew. Those that remained joined
with the Populists in the nomination of the following- ticket : For
governor, Davis H. VVaite ; lieutenant-governor, D. H. Nichols;
.secretary, N. O. McClees ; au<litor, F. M. Goodykoontz ; treas-
urer, Albert Nance; attorney-general, Eugene Engley ; superin-
tendent, James F. Murray; regents, D. M. Richards and W. E.
Anderson; justice of the supreme court, Luther ]\I. Goddard.
The delegales that withdrew frcMn the convention met in another
place and lumiinaled Jo-epli II. i\lau[)in for governor; W. H.
Mc.Mechen l\<r lieiUenant-governor ; C. P>. Noland for secretary;
John H. \'o\ for auditor; VV. E. Hamilton for treasurer; W. P.
Skelton for attorney geni'ral ; Nathan B. Coy for superintendent;
Henry Johnson and Lee Champion for regents; and Luther IM.
Goddard for justice i,i tiie supreme court. The platform
approved the work- of the Chicago national convention; favored
the free and unlimitnl coinage of silver; denounced the use of
]'iiikertoii guards in labor (lisi)ules; urged legislation to prevent
trusts or combinations from raising prices; demanded the i)rohibi-
tion of child labor in factories and mines, and a law to sicure
impartial rales on railroads.

'i'hr tnlire b'usion tici^il was elected in November. Waile
receive! \\.t,.\.\ voles to ^S.Si.' for Helm; .S,(),^S for Maupin; and
i,y.\^ I' i llipp. In I be pn^idenlial contest the Republicans were



.V.',\;\V .>.VV OJAK T\-:)V\^HC>5\H u.\



J .v/:.; jo'i ]' iiLr.'[.:.:.H ^i

Hviiitf - ot -jJ.'.iij'.liniT ,J! ;
[■::•'. ' 'I 'L tigV/ !jiik :v['rirr






COLORADO FROM iSSi TO 1S92. 459:

victorious. The Republican electors received 38,614 votes; the
Fusion electors 32,982, and the Prohibition electors 1,677. The
Republicans also elected a small majority of the members of the
legislature. Two amendments to the constitution were ratified.
One provided for special assessments by municipalities, for the
purpose of making public improvements, and the other reduced
the rate of taxation for state purposes from six to four mills on
the dollar.



v-,v



\-\\vi )V



oej-



460 THE PROVINCE AND THE STATES.



CHAPTER V



' ' 1 From Waitc to Peabody

DAVID HANSON WAITl^, the ci-htli state governor uf
Colorado, was liorii, April 9, i8-'5, at Jamestown, N. Y.
He was the sou of a lawyer, and after a course iu the
Jamestown academy he took up the study of law iu his father's
oflice. In 1S50 he went west and settled at Fond dn Lac, Wis.,
but the next >ear removed to Princeton and engas^ed in merchan-
dising-. In 1856 he was electetl a member of the \Visc(jusin legis-
lature. In 1857 he removed to Houston, Mo., where he taught
until the breaking out of the Civil war, wdien his strong Liuion
sentiments forced him to leave the state. He therefore went to
Warren, Pa., and later returned to his native town where he
became interested in the publication of the Jamestown Jonnial:
lie continued in this business until 1870, when he sold otit his
ne\vsi)ai)er and renio\ed to l.arneil, Kan. Two \ears after locat-
ing at I.arned he was elected to represent Pawnee county in the
Kansas legislature and as a Republican he cast the deciding bal-
lot that elected John J. Ingalls to the United States senate in
1879. The same year he removed to Peadville, Cob, and opened
a law otVice, but in 1881 remo\ed to Aspen :md began the i)ublica-
lion of the ('1111111 I'.iii, a reform paper. He was a delegate to
the .St. Louis conference, in i8g_', that organized the People's
I>arty, and also a delegate to the national ci)nvention of that parly
at Omaha, on the 4th of July, the same )ear. (Jn July 27 he was
nominated for governor of Colorado, and his candidacy was
endorsed by the Democratic convention in September. During
his admini^tr.ition there were several events of a stormy nature
thai tried b' ^ • ci-utive ability iu the utmost. His administration
will pass iui.j history as the one under which the women of Col-



u».v. Ly\^:\ ny,t, w iV;V'\K)A'\ awt



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-fi/.itj'jjtii nf l>'3;jj,r;y:'j i>n.
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a



COLORADO. FROM IVAITE TO PEABODY. 461

orado were given tlie riglit of suffrage. He was renominated for
governor in 1894, but was defeated. After tlie expiration of his
term he continued to Uve in Denver and entered the iiehl as a
lecturer, lie was inaugtiraled on January 11, 18(73.

The ninth session of the stale legislature met at Denver on the
third of januarv, l8()3. In his message (iovernor W'aite dwelt
at length on the subject of legislation affecting corporations, and
made the following recommendations regarding- railroads: I'^irst,
"The repeal of the present law providing for a railway commis-
sion." Second, "A new act for a railway commission, with the
commissioners empowered to hear and determine complaints with-
out recourse tc:i the courts, and to revise the rates of |)assengers
and freight." Idiird, "d'hat the system of i)ooling as now in
force among the railways of the State be made illegal." Fourth,
''That the issuing by an)' railroad eomi)any of any pass or free
ticket to, or the acceptance cjf or traveling upon such pass or free
ticket b\-, an\- Stale, district, count)', or municipal ofticial be UKulc
a penal oll'ense."

The legislature passed an act repealing certain laws hearing on
the railroad situation, and provided for the appointment of a rail-
road commission with new and extended powers, but the gov-
ernor vetoed the measure. It was then passed over the veto. All
through the session the relations bt'tween the governor and the
members of the general assembly were lacking in that harmony
that is necessary to secure good residts in the enactment of laws.
In political opinions the majority of the members were opposed
to the views of the executive. In the senate there were fifteen
Republicans, eight Democrats, four Poi)ulists, seven l'\isionists
and one Indepentlent. The house was composed of thirty-three
Republicans, five Democrats and twenty-seven Populists. When
it came to a question of politics enough of the Democrats would
vote with the Republican members to defeat the governor's pro-
jects. Among the acts passed were the following: One to pro-
hibit insurance on the lives of children under the age of ten years;
one to amend the charter of the city of Denver; one creating the
county of Mineral; one to amend the election law; one declaring
Saturday afternoon a legal holiday during the months of July and
August; and one providing that after the year 1900 no one unable
to read and write should be allowed to vote.

Under the constitutional provision, that any general assembly
had the |.M\ver to subnn't to the ])eo])le the (pieslion of extending
theeU ;.\e franchise lo women, the legislature of 1893 passeil such
an amendment to the constitution and submitted it to the voters



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462 THE PROi-IXCB AND THE ST.ITES.

at tlie judicial election in November, when it was ratified by
more than in'c thousand majority.

On July 11 a second non-])artisan free coinage convention was
held in l)enver. An address io the people of the United States
was adopteil, and a million copies ordered to be jjrinled and tlis-
tributed. It was inten.led to show the bli<^htiiii( effects of the
demonetization of silver on the industries of the country, particu-
' larly on the mining- interests of Colorado. ] /aUt in tlie same

I month the stale labor convention endorsed the doctrines set forth

in the address.
', Pursuant to the act of i8()i, creating a board of managers for

1' the state exhibit at the Columbian Exposition, Covernor Routt

j; appointed Alexander Shaw, B. S. LaGrange, A. 1>. jMcIvinley,

{ Frederick Steinhauer, and Nathan B. Coy as the five members left

K to his selection. In addition to members ap])ointed by the gov-

< crnor the act provided that the Colorado commissioners, lady

(■ managers and their alternates, should be members of the state

board of managers. The commissioners were R. E. Goodell, of
\ Leadville, E. J. V. Skill, of Denver, Henry B. Gillespie, of Aspen,

: and O. C. French, of New Windsor. The lady managers and

alternates were Mrs. E. M. Ashley, INIiss M. A. Samson, Mrs.
i R. J. Coleman, and Mrs. M. D. Thatcher. This constituted a

( board of fourteen members wdio worked in luiison to present the

j progress and resources of their state in a way that would be sec-

I end to none. Splendid opportunities tcj succeed were offered by

I the diversified industries of the slate, and the board was not

I hamiH-red for want of funds. Colorado ap])ropriated a larger

• sum of moiu'\- in aid of the exposition than any slati' in the

■ Union in proportion to the population. Besides the one hundred

thousand dollars voted by the general assembly • the different
counties made api)ropriations amounting to nearly as much more,
while boards of trade, corporations and public spirited citizens
aided by liberal donations. As Colorado produced about one-third
of the gold and silver output of the United States a fitting recog-
nition was accorded her by the appointment of Commissioner
Skifif as chairman of the committee on mines and mining. Com-
missioner Goodell was chosen a member of the executive com-
mittee.

Visitors to the exposition will recall the Colorado State build-
ing, standing at the corner of Stony Island avenue and I'lfty-
eighth strec:, on one of the largest" plats on the groinids alloted
to stale bi;-' !iiii;s. It was designed by Architect II. T. li. Wen-
<lell, of Denver, and was erected by Contractor J. W. Ilill, of



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COLOR. mo, i'ROM W.llTE TO FliABODV. 463

the same city, at a cost of thirty-five thousand dollars. The stylo
was the Spanish renaissance, and the two Spanish towers, a
Inmdred feet in heij^ht, slandin<;- on either side of the main
entrance, L;ave the structure ;ui imposing; ap])earance. In size
it was 45 !))■ l_'5 feet, two stories hii^li, and liie hniad halcoiiy
hetween the two towers formed a resting;' place that hecame a
favorite with many denizens of the Centennial Stale who enjoyed
sitting- there and watching- the restless throng lieUnv. Among
the exhibits [)resented by Colorado were three hundred and
seventy-one speciniens of agricultural products, eighty-one of
which received special i)reniiums. Wheat, oats, rye, barley,
potatoes, flaxseed, wool, seeds, ilowcrs, grasses, etc., were repre-
sented in profusion. Wheat alone received twenty-five awards.
The mining exhibit was awarded first premium for best col-
lective display of mineral resources and ores, and many special
premiums.

Late in December (Governor Waite issued a call for the general
asseml)ly to meet in extra session on the tenth of January, 1894.
In his call he stated that the object in convening the legislature in
special session was to ofifer some relief from the depression caused
by the Federal jwlicy regarding silver. In his message he
recommended that all dollars, not less in weight and fineness than
the standard dollar of the United States, be made a legal tender
in Colorado for all debts, public and i)rivate. He argued that if
the Mexican dollar was thus ])laced on an equal footing with the
American dollar the miners of Colorado could send their bullion
to Mexico, have it turned into coins, and brought back to the
stale al a trilling cusi, thus giving relief from the stagnation conse-
quent upon the scarcity of money. IJoth houses decided, how-
ever, that such an act on the part of a state legislature would be
in direct conflict with the Federal constitution and no such bill
was passetl. At the beginning of the session a difference of
opinion arose between the two houses as to the necessity for a
special session. The senate favored an adjournment without tak-
ing any action on any of the governor's proposed measures, while
the house was in favor of going on with the business for which
they were called together. Petitions and communications were
received by both branches urging the menijjers to stand firm in
the position they had taken. From these commuincations it
seemed that the majority of the peojde were in favor of a special
session. I Ik house ado|)led a resolution calling for the apj)oint-
mcnt (jf . iiiiteniicc committee, (o agree on a course of aition,
but the senate rejected the proposition. When it became api)ar-



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1.



4'4



THE PiiOllNCE AND TUB STATES.



ont that the pooi)le favored the extra session the senate yielded
hnt all throut^h the session, whieh lasted hfty-tuo days, it main-
tained an ohstruetive i)olie\-. ( )f the seventy-ei^iil hills intro-
dueed forty-one were |)as>e(l ))>■ the iiouse and twenty-nine of
these were rejeeted l)y the senate, so that only twelve new laws
were enacted, most of which were of minor importance.

Early in the )car 1894 several hundred miners in VA Paso
county (now Teller comity) went on strike for higher wages.
At Cripple Creek, which was the center of the disturhance, the
demand was for three dollars for an eight hour day. Ahout the
midille of March the strikers armed themselves to prevent non-
union miners from re-opening the mines. This led to a call for
the militia, but the troops had no sooner reached the scene of the
trouble than they were recalled by Governor Waite, who tried to
get the contending- jjarties to submit the matter to arbitration.
After the recall of the militia the non-union men were driven
away by the strikers and a shaft house at X'iclor was destroyed
causing- a property loss of about twenty-live thousand dollars.
The mine owners appealed to the sherilf and sent to his aid
several hundred deputies fron-i Denver. Near Wilbur a skirmish
between the strikers and the deputies occurred in which one was
killed and several wounded on each side. The next move on
the i)art of the strikers was to notify the railroad companies that
if any more deputies were brought in over the lines the property
of the companies would be destroyed. Again the militia was
called ont and again it was recalled b\' the governv)r. (iovernor
Waite then went t. ('ripple t leek and in an address to the miners
uiged them to absl.iin from any further deslruclion of property
but to submit their demands to a board of arbitration. The miners
expressed their willingness to do so but the miiie owners refused.
Warrants were sworn out for the men who were supposed to
have blown up the shaft house at Victor antl ])laced in the hands
of the sheritt. The strikers fortified a position on Bull Hill and
defied the authorities. On May 30 the Raven Hill mining com-
pany went into the Federal court and asked for protection to their
property in the hope of getting- United States troops ordered to
the mines to enforce the court's orders. Hut the court denied the
application on the grounds that it had no jurisdiction, the whole
matter being within the domain (;f the police power of the state.
The mine owners then signified their willingness to arbitrate. An
agreemci.i \v,i~- reached on jmie .\, but the decision of the arbi-
trators w... rejieled !i\- bulb sides to Ihe coiilroversy and the
.strike weiil imi. ( )n June (> a force of nine lumdiid depiilies cut



WAV.



r.^i:^{



COLORADO, FROM IV.IITE TO PRABODV. 465

the tclei;r;iph comnnuiication and marched agauist the miners'
fort at Altman, un lUill IlilL Tlie miners were ready for an
attack and about two hiuuh-ed shots were fired, though no serious
ilamage was done. General lirooks and Adjutant-(~ieneral Tars-
ney were ordercil by the governor to call out a sufficient number
of the state trooj^s to maintain order and go to Altman. They
were instructed to let no armed tlcputy pass through their lines
but to allow the shcriti' to go alone for the purpose of arresting
the parties against whom he held warrants. A final agreement
I was reached June 11. By its provisions the deputies were to
I be withdrawn ; the mines turned over peaceably to the owners ;
j both mines and miners to be protected l)y the militia, the troops
remain at Anaconda, Victor and Cripple Creek for thirty days
and longer if necessary; and those for whom warrants were held
were to be turned over to the sheriff of El Paso county at Colo-
rado Springs.

Idle men arrested were charged with murder and destruction
of property. When their cases were called for trial they
employed Adjutant General Tarsney to defend them. During the
strike the militia had Jjeen directly subject to Tarsney 's orders,
anil had been used as much to protect the strikers from the depu-
ties as to protect the mine owners' proi)erty from the strikers.
On the night of June 23 he was kiilnapped at Colorado Springs
and treated to a coat of tar an.d feathers. It was supposed at
the time that the outrage was committed by some of the depu-
ties from whom he had protected the striking miners. Governor
\\'aite i)lYered a reward of one thousand dollars ioy the appre-
hen.sion of llie iieri>etrators and the court at Colorado Springs
ordered an investigation. On Jidy 19th, the adjutant-general
was summoned to ap])ear and give testimony in the investigation
proceedings. He refused because the court, as he alleged, was
in sympathy with the mob. He was then cited for contempt and
went to Colorado Springs under a military guard furnished by
the governor. This was considered a rellection on the people
of El Paso county, and the action of the governor was roundly
denounced by the judge. In August one of the deputies made
a confession im|)licating the sherilY and a number oi others, Init
the matter was linally drojjped.

On March 7, 1894, Governor W^aite removed Jackson Orr and

D. J. Martin from the I'ire ami l'(^iirc board (if the city of

Denver, and .ippeinled Dennis MuUins and Samuel D. Ilarnes

as (heir sue. c uis. This was done uniler the new charier

IV <o



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466 THE PROVINCE AND THE STATES.

adopted by the legiblaturc in 1893. Orr and Martin got a tem-
porary restraining- order from the court against the governor's
removing them, but the governor refused to recogni/c the court's
right to grant the order. lie called out the niililia and sent them
to the city hall with a demand for the surrender of Orr and



Online LibraryWeston Arthur GoodspeedThe province and the states, a history of the province of Louisiana under France and Spain, and of the territories and states of the United States formed therefrom (Volume 4) → online text (page 50 of 53)