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Ohio in the war : her statesmen, her generals, and soldiers (Volume 2) online

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First Ohio Infantry.



13



1st REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



ROSTER, THREE MONTHS' SERVICE.



r..iN'K.


NAME.


DATE OF BASK.


COM. IS8CED.


REMAEKS.


Colonel


ALEX. M. McCOOK


April 17, 18*'.!
17, "

17, "
44 16, '*

18, "
" 17, "
" 17, "

17. "

17. "

17, "

" 17, "

" 17, "

" 17, "

17, "

July 8, "

44 8, "

April 17, "

17, "

17, "

17, "

" 17, "

17, "

" 17, "

17, "

" 17, "

" 17, "

" 17, "

17, "

" 17, "

" 17, "

17, "

17, "

" 17, •'

17, "

" 17, "

" 17, "

17, "

" 17, "

" 17, "


April 17, 1861

July 8* ||
April 17, "




tsurgeou

Ass't Surgeon

Do.


J. G. Hughes „

Wm. L. McMlLLEX

J. A. Stafford




I'. Dister




Do


Walter B. Pease _..




Do


T. & Paddock




Do




Do. .

Do


.1. C. Hazlett _




Do






Do* '.'"..?.'.'.


J. P. Bruck.,7




Do




1st Lieutenant
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.


T. M. Hunter „

P. O'Connell _

P. S. Turner

W. H. Rayner


Resigned July 12, 18GL


Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.


J. E. Eckert

M. Klein




Do.

Id Lieutenant

Do.

Do.


James Steele

J. Hani




Do.
Do.
Do.


J. Pitch _...

J. 31. Richards _

0. C. Maxwell




Do.
Do.


F. Fracker




Do.

Do.


T. E. Douglass

I. Bruck




Do.







ROSTER, THREE TEARS' SERVICE.



RANK.


NAME.


DATE OF KAXK.


COM.


ISSUED.


KEMABKS.


Colonel. .„__..


BEXJ. F. SMITH


Oct.


12, 1861


Oct.


12, 1861


Col. to J'e 2,'62; rep. fordutv as Capt. in R.A.


Do.


EDWIN A. PARROTT


Feb.


4, 1862


Feb.


4, 1862


Honorably discharged February 15, 1864.


Lt. Colonel....


Edwin A. Pakeott


Aug.


17, 1861




16, 1862




Do


E. Bassett Laxgdon


Feb.


4, 1862


Feb.


4, "


Wounded at Missiou Ridge ; must'd out with


Major _


E. Bassett Langdon „..


Aug.


6, 1861


Aug.


6, 1861


Promoted February 4, 1862.


Do


Joab A. Staffoud..„ „..


Feb.


4, 1802


Keb.


4, 1862


Mustered out with oth comp'y August 17, 16W.






Oct.


24, 1861




11, "




Do.


J. (Jcllex Baku _


Not.


13, 1863


Feb.


an, isiV4


Mustered out September, 1864.


Ass t t-urgeon




Aug.


27, IS6I


Jan.


11, 1862


Promoted to Surgeon; assigned to 113th O.V. I.


Do.


J. CCTLI.EK B\BE


44


21, 1862


Aus.


2D, * 4


Promoted to Surgeon.


Do.


A. J. Beockett


April


22, 1*04


April


22, 18414


Mustered out September, 1864.


Chaplain


Geobce H. Fui.leeton


Oct.


11, 1801


Jan.


16, 1862


designed Uctober, 1»64.


Captain


Joab A. Stafford.


Aug.


I, '"


44


14, "


Promoted.


Do.


George A. Pomerov


44


- r »i "


44


14, 44


Resinned March 8, 1863.


Do


Louis Kuhlman


44


17, "


44


14, "


.Mustered out at expiration of service.


Do „


Gates P. Thru,tou


44


17, "


44


14, "


Resigned March 25, 1863. ,


Do


James B. Ilainpson


44


17, "


44


14, 4i


Mustered out for promotion December 10, '63.


Do


Alexander T. Suodgrass....


44


20, "


44


14, "


Mustered out.


Do „




44


3d, "


44


14, "


Mustered out 1S64.


Do


Patrick O'Connell


44


17, "


44


14, "


Mustered out.


Do.












Resigned May 15, 1.862.
Resigned Hay 17, 1864.


Do.


Benjamin F. Prentiss


Oct.




44


14* 44


Do


Emanuel T. Hooker „..


Feb.


28, 1862


Feb.


28, ' 4


Mustered out in 1864.


Do


George L. Hayward-


Dec.


10, "


Dec.


3i, "


Uustered out in 1863 for promotion.


Do




March




April
Marc


17, 1863
h 3(i, "


Mustered out in 1864.

Mustered out in 1864.


Do


James E. Jones




23, "


Do


William L. Patterson


May


1.".. 1863


May


2a, "


Mustered out in 1864.


Do _


Samuel W . Davies


44


17, "


4 *


2!i, 4 '


Mustered out in 1864.






July


)-, 1864


July


8, 1864




1st Lieutenant


Emanuel T. Hooker


Aug.


1, 1861


Jan.


1«, 1862


Promoted 1'ebruarv 28, 1862.


Do.


Silas R. Ewing


44


10, "


44


16, "


Resigned May 22, "62; discharged June 21, "62.


Do.












Promoted to Captain.
Promoted to Captain.


Do.




"


17, "


44


16, "



14



Ohio in the War.



DATS OF HANK



COM. ISSUED.



lat Lieutenant

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.
Id Lieutenant

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.



John Allen Campbell...

James Hill

lames W. Powell

8. Burnett Paddock

James K. Jones ,

George L. Hayward

Wm. A. Owesney

John Parrot t

James M. Wyley

Wm. 51. Carpenter

Alexander Johnson

.Samuel W. Davie*

Dennis Regan

Anton Kuhlman

George P. Leonhard

Alexander Varian, jr...

George Grove

Thomas W. Bover

K. B. Chappell

John W. Jackson

Edward J. Collins

Charles N. Winner

Solomon Homan

George Grove

Sylvanus Dickson

Dennis Denny

O. S. Ward :.

G. llallenhurg

Anton Kuhlman

Francis M. Wareham

Joseph Morrow

James M. Wyley

Frank Smith

a i) ton Kuhlman

Samuel W. Daviea

Wm. M. Carpenter

Dennis Regan

John J. l'atton

David E. Roatch

Alexander Johnson.,

" H. Prentiss

George P. Leonhard

Alexander Varian, jr

George Grove

Dennis Denny

John W. Jackson

Robert B. Chappell

Thomas \V. Buyer

8. S. Dixon

Solomon Homan

George McCracken

SV'illiard C. Prentiss

Charles Young

Daniel J. Deardorff.

Christopher Wollenhaupt.

0. S. Ward

G. Hallenburg

Anton Kuhlman

Thomas H. Tear!'.



Sept.
Aug.

Oct.

Feb.
May
Juno
Oct.
June
Oct.
Dee.



Jan.

March



20, 1861

23, "
2 -* "

lV, "

17, "
7, "

19, "
28, 1865
2'i, "
19, "

18, "

24, "
27, "
15, "
10, "

21, "
31, 1SGJ



Feb.
June

Nov.



March
April



April

March

May

Nov.

July



Sept.

Oct.
.March
May
June

May

June
Oct.
June
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.



March

Jan.

March

May

Sept.



23, "

25, "

1, "

23, "
15. "

15, "
8, 1864
8, "
8, "
8, "
8, "
8, "
1, 1861

10, "

17, "

17, "

17, "

17, "

26, "
1. "
5, "

5, "
1, 1S62

26, "
21, "

16, "
28, "
19, "

18, "

24, "

27, "
26, "
10, "
15, "
21, "
23, "
31, "

17, "

6, "
10, 1864



May

Jan.
July



22,
22,
22.
29,
16,

8, I

8,

8,

8,



Jan. 16, 1862
16, "
16, "
16, "
16, "
16, "



16, "

16, "

16, "

20, "

24, "

22. "

22, "

22, "

22 "

25*, "

26. "

26, "

26, 1S63

10, "

24, "

24, "

22, "

22, "

22, "

6, "

16, 186-4



March

lune

Oct.



Nov.
Dec.

Jan.
Feb.
March

April



May

Sept.



P.es. Dec. 21, '62 ; promoted by Pres.Oct. 27,'62.

Resigned October 17, 1863.

Resigned June 19, 1862.

Resigned December 15, 1862.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Resigned June 21, 1862.

Resigned October 18, 1862.

Resigned December 21, 1863.

Resigned as 2d Lieutenant April 10, 1S63.

Resigned March 17, 1863.

Promoted to Captain.

Mustered out, 1865.

Resigned January 31, 1863.

.Mustered out.

Killed.

Commission revoked.

Mustered out.

Promoted

Killed September 19, 1363.

Mustered out.

Mustered out.

Promoted to Captain.

Killed.

Killed.

Mustered out.

Mustered out.

Mustered out March 11, 1865.

Mustered out.

Mustered out September 14, 1865.

Mustered out.

Promoted February 28, 1S62.

P»eMgned Mav 26, 1S02; discharged June 21, '62.

Promoted October 27, 1862.

Promoted October 18, 1862.

Promoted May 26, 1862; resigned April 10, 1863.

Promoted June 24, 1ST-2,

Resigned June 16, 1862.

Resigned Mav 28, 1862.

Promoted June 19, 1862.

Resigned November 26, 1862.

Promoted December 15, 1862.

Promoted December 10, 1862.

Promoted.

Promoted.

Promoted.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned Julv 2s, 18',4.

Resigned June 10, 1863.

Honorably discharged June 14, 1864.

Commission revoked.

Killed at Mission Ridge.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Mustered out.



First Ohio Infantry. 15



FIUST OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



1HE FIRST OHIO was organized under President Lincoln's first call for troops in
April, 1861. Its nucleus was found in some of the old militia companies, and its ranks
were largely filled by young men of the best social and pecuniary advantages from
South- Western Ohio. So prompt was its response to the cry of danger from the Capital, that
within sixty hours after the telegraph brought the President's call, the cars were bearing the reg-
iment to "Washington. It met, however, with vexatious delays on the route, and did not arrive
on the Potomac till the danger was averted. Its earliest action was that at Vienna, whither Gen-
eral Schenck's brigade, to which it was attached, in careful obedience to General Scott's orders,
and with his approval, was moving by rail. The Eebels were found much sooner than General
Scott had expected. They fired into the train; but the First, followed by the rest of the brigade,
hastily debarked, formed on the side of the track, and made so handsome a resistance, that they
were presently able to retire unmolested, and with comparatively small loss. In the battle of Bull
Run the First had little active share, but it and the rest of the brigade were kept in excellent order
through all the disaster, and they rendered incalculable service in covering the retreat. Its losses
were slight. The term of service of the regiment having now expired, it was sent home and
mustered out.

In August, 1861, the regiment began to be reorganized for three years' service, but the reor-
ganization was not completed until October. Its place of rendezvous was at Camp Corwin, near
Dayton. October 31st it left Dayton and reached Cincinnati ; November 4th received its arms,
and on the 5th left on the steamer Telegraph No. 3 for Louisville. Arriving at midnight, it went
into Camp York, near that city. On the 8th of November, at half past one P. M., it embarked
for West Point, at the mouth of Salt River. On the 15th of November the regiment marched
via Elizabethtown, reaching Camp Nevin on the 16th, where it reported to General A. M. Mc-
Cook, then in command of the Second Division of the Army of the Cumberland. Soon after it
was brigaded with the First Kentucky or Louisville Legion, Sixth Indiana, First Battalion Fif-
teenth United States Infantry, and battalions of the Sixteenth and Nineteenth Infantry, forming
the Fourtk Brigade of the Second Division. On December 19th the regiment marched to Bacon
Creek, and on the 17th to Green River. During the last four miles the march was made under
the inspiration of music from Willich's guns at Munfordsville. As the regiment marched into
camp that evening the dead and wounded of the Thirty-Second Indiana were being brought in
from the field. It remained in camp, at Green River, from December 17th until February 14,
1862, during which time it was thoroughly drilled and prepared for the field. On the morning
of the 14th orders were received for the troops to march to West Point, Kentucky, there to take
steamers and join the forces under General Grant, then moving on Fort Henry. Reaching Upton
Station, the regiment bivouacked in the snow until the morning of the 16th, when news was re-
ceived of the fall of Fort Henry. This intelligence caused a retrograde movement to Green
River. On February 17th the regiment began its march to Nashville; arriving March 3d, it went
into camp late at night five miles out on the Franklin Turnpike. This march at night will long
be remembered, for it was pitch dark, and rain, snow, and sleet were falling thick and fast. The
men had neither tents, blankets, nor shelter of any kind, and, encamping in an open field on the
icy ground, they suffered terribly. On the 16th of March the regiment marched with its division
to Duck River, opposite Columbia, reaching there on the 21st. Awaiting the completion of a
bridge over Duck River, it went into camp. It crossed Duck River March 31st, and moved
toward Savannah.

At half past nine A. M., April 6th, heavy cannonading was heard in the direction of Shiloh,
which caused a double-quick movement forward. The troop3 marched thirteen miles from half



16 Ohio in the War.

past one to half past four P. M., and arrived at Savannah at half past seven P. M., and at Pitts-
burg Landing at daylight the next morning.

At six A. M., the regiment moved to the front and formed in line of battle, occupying
a position on the left of its brigade and to the right of General Crittenden's division. After
fighting until about noon, charging and driving the enemy steadily, and recapturing General
Sherman's head-quarters' camp, the regiment retired to replenish its ammunition boxes, leaving
a part of the Fifth Brigade as its relief. Ammunition being procured, the First returned to the
field and participated in the general charge on the enemy's lines.

Colonel Gibson's brigade being menaced by the enemy on its left flank, the First Ohio and
Nineteenth Regulars went to its relief, arriving just in time to repulse a vigorous attack from the
Rebels. This closed the terrible battle. The First Ohio was commanded by Colonel B. F.
Smith, a regular army officer, whose soldierly qualities and experience undoubtedly saved the
regiment from great loss. Other regiments occupying the same position suffered terribly. Cap-
tains Hooker and Kuhlman were severely wounded. Its less in this battle was sixty men and
officers killed and wounded. It was ordered back to the Landing, where it bivouacked that night
in the rain and mud.

The regiment participated in the tedious movement on Corinth, having occasional skirmishes.
On the 27th of May six companies of the regiment, under Major Bassett Langdon, had a brisk
fight at Bridge Creek. The enemy's pickets were driven in, and the ground held. On the 30th
of May Corinth was entered by the National forces.

The First did not participate in the pursuit of the enemy, but remained in and about Corinth,
doing picket and guard duty, until the 10th of June, when it received marching orders and
started lor Nashville, passing through Iuka, Tuscumbia, Florence, and Huntsville. At Hunts-
ville the cars were taken, and the regiment reached Boiling Fork, a tributary of the Elk River,
on the 7th of July.

On the 14th of July the regiment went by rail to Tullahoma to repel an anticipated attack
on that point. It returned to Cowan's Station on the 18th. On the 10th of August General J.
W. Sill took command of the brigade, and on the 24th the regiment, with its brigade and divis-
ion, marched for Pelham, where it joined the forces under General A. M. McCook. On the
28th of August the regiment marched to Altamont, on the Cumberland Mountains, and on the
29th and 30th reconnoissances were made down the main road toward Sequatchie Valley. On
the afternoon of the 30th it marched toward Nashville, passing through Manchester, Murfrees-
boro', and Lavergne, arriving in the vicinity of Nashville on the 7th of September.

The march was resumed September 10th at seven P. M., passing through Nashville and
across the Cumberland River at three o'clock the next morning.

The regiment had now fairly commenced its march, in company with General Buell's army,
in pursuit of Bragg's Rebel army, then on its way to Louisville. The race was won by the
National forces, and Louisville reached September 26th. It is needless to describe the arduous
march or the sufferings of the men on this memorable occasion. The extremely hot weather,
the dusty roads, and the almost total absence of drinking water, either for the men or animals,
occasioned the most intense suffering and the loss of many valuable lives.

But little rest was allowed at Louisville. October 1st the march was resumed, the First, with
its brigade, moving out on the Frankfort Turnpike. Shelby ville was reached on the 2d, and Frank-
fort October 6th. This column of National troops was under the command of General J. W. Sill.

On the 9th, at Dog- Walk, a brisk fight was had with the enemy, in which the First Ohio
took a prominent part, with the loss of eight or ten men. Lieutenant Anton Kuhlman was
wounded severely. The march was very arduous, and at times perilous, as it was in the power
of the Rebel army to mass and overwhelm the National forces. During most of the time the
enemy hung on the flanks of the National forces, and annoyed them in every possible way.

A junction with the main army under General Buell was effected on the 11th of October,
two days after the battle of Perryville, and the First went into camp on the battle-field.



First Ohio Infantey. 17

On October 13th the regiment took up the line of march and reached Danville on the 14th,
and passing through, continued on to Crab Orchard, where it went into camp for four days on
Logan's Creek, near Hall's Gap. This completed the pursuit of Bragg's forces, and the National
army, after a few days' rest, turned the head of its column toward Nashville, whence it had
started. This place was reached November 16th. The First passed on and went into camp nine
miles out on the Murfreesboro' Turnpike, near the State Insane Asylum. In this little march
6ome skirmishing was had with the Eebel cavalry, then in considerable force on all the roads in
the vicinity of Nashville.

On the retrograde march through Kentucky General Buell, commanding the Army of the
Ohio, had been superseded by General William S. Eosecrans. General Eosecrans immediately
reorganized the whole army ; a new name was given to it — Army of the Cumberland — and a
general change in its structure was made. General J. W. Sill, commanding the division in
which the First was brigaded, was superseded by General E. W. Johnson. The name of the
corps and division was changed to the Fourteenth Army Corps, Second Division, right wing of
Army of the Cumberland.

On December 26, 1862, General Eosecrans having completed his arrangements, the move-
ment on Bragg's army at Murfreesboro' commenced. The First Ohio moved out on the Nolins-



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