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Corps encamped near Decatur.

When the army of Hood began its raid upon our communications the regiment marched via
Marietta and Eome, to the relief of Eesaca, October 3d, and from Eesaca it marched through
Snake Creek Gap, by way of Salesville, Chattanooga, and Pulaski, to Columbia, where it was
engaged in a slight skirmish. From Columbia the army moved toward Franklin, passing in view
of the camp-fires of a corps of the enemy near Spring Hill, Tennessee. The regiment did not
participate in the battle of Franklin, but was assigned the duty of covering the withdrawal of the
forces and the retreat to Nashville. At Nashville the regiment formed the extreme left of the
army, and when the order came for the left to move forward the regiment advanced rapidlv, cap-
turing a fine battery of four brass guns and some thirty prisoners. On the 16th of December the
enemy was found entrenched in a strong position on the Franklin Pike, about five miles from the
city. The regiment participated in a movement upon these works, capturing prisoners to the num-
ber of two commissioned officers and one hundred men. The entire loss sustained by the regiment
in the two days of the fight was two officers and one man killed, and two officers and twenty-four
men wounded. The most vigorous pursuit was made by our army, but the infantry was unable to
overtake the flying enemy, and after following the Eebels to Lexington, Alabama, the corps
moved in the direction of Huntsville, and the regiment went into Camp at Bird Springs about the
4th or oth of January, 1865, and remained till the 15th of March when it was ordered to move
into East Tennessee.

It moved by railroad to New Market, Tennessee, and then took up the line of march to
Greenville, to assist in preventing the escape of Lee and Johnson, while Grant and Sherman
pressed them to a surrender. The Fifteenth arrived at Greenville on the 5th of April, and on the
22d was ordered back to Nashville. On this march the regiment acted as train guard and reached
Nashville about the 1st of May, 18G5. From this time till the 16th of June, the regiment was

Vol. II.— 8.



114



Ohio in the War.



in camp near Nashville, Tennessee, when orders were received to move to Texas. With a good
degree of cheerfulness the men turned their backs once more upon their homes, went to Johnston-
ville and thence by boat to New Orleans. Moving down a short distance below the city they
bivouacked in the old Jackson Battle Ground till July 5th, when they shipped for Texas. The
regiment arrived at Indianola, Texas, July 9th ; disembarked, and in order to obtain a sufficient
supply of water marched that same night to Green Lake, a distance of about twenty miles.
Remaining here just one month, on the 10th of August it marched for San Antonio, a distance of
one hundred and fifty miles. The scarcity of water, the extreme heat, the want of suitable
rations, together with inadequate transportation all combined, made this one of the most severe
marches the regiment ever endured. It reached the Salado, a small stream near San Antonio, on
the 21st of August, and remained there until October 20th, when it was designated to perform post
duty in the city, and it continued to act in this capacity till November 21st, when it was mustered
eut and ordered to Columbus, Ohio, for final discharge. The regiment left San Antonio on the
24th of November, and marched to Indianola, proceeding thence by way of New Orleans and
Cairo to Columbus, Ohio, where it arrived December 25th, and was finally discharged the service
of the United States on the 27th of December, 1865.

The Fifteenth was among the first regiments to be mustered in, and among the last to be mus-
tered out, having been in the service as an organization about four years and eight months. Few
regiments present a better record upon battle-fields and marches than the Fifteenth, while in
respect to the intelligence and moral character of its officers and soldiers it holds an enviable
position.



15th REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



ROSTER, THREE MONTHS' SERVICE.



DATE OF BANK.



COM. ISSUED.



Colonel „..

Lt. Colonel....

Major

Surgeon

Ass't Surgeon
■Captain

Do! ".'.".'.".'.

l)u

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do _

Do „..

let Lieutenant

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.
2d Lieutenant

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.



GEO. W. ANDREWS

Mosks R. Dickey

S. B. Walker

URRIN FeKIUS

3. N. Mouky

R. W. P. Muse

Win. Wallace.

Wm T. Wilson

Abraham C. Cummins....

Israel D. Clark...—

Abraham Kaga

Peter A. Tyler „

Hiram Miller „

Isaac M. Kirov „

W. V. M. Layton

Victor S. Perry „

James \V. Cark _

Franklin W. Martin

Til man H. Wiggins

Charles B. Smith „

Warren t Owens ,

Wm. H. Kilmer ,

Andrew R. Z. Dawson

David J. Culbertsou

Samuel R. Mott, jr

A Hi rt Spaulding

C. W. Cowan

Asa C. Cassady

Joseph Frazier

Henry C. Miner

Henry B. Gaylord

Ralston Craig

Jciel F. Skillings

Frederick Agerton

Rufus L. Avery

Samuel Bachtell

J. W. Moody



May



April
May
April

May



April
May
April
May

June
May



April
May
April
May



4, IStil

<. "

4, "

4, "

■»i "

17, "

22, "

23, "
IS "
IN, "

ti, "

20, "

6, "

20, "

211, "

17, "

22, "

23, "
IS, "

18, "

s, ;«

20, "

6, "

20, "

H. "

8, "

3, "

17, "

22, "

23, "

18, "
18, "

6, "

20, "



May



April
May

April

May



April
May-
April
May

June
May



April
May
April
May



4, 1861
4, "



IT,
22,
23,
HJi

1*,

6,
20,

fi,
20,
M,
IT,
28.
23.
18,
18,

6,
30,

*>»
-'",

8,
3,
17,

22,
23,

18,
18,
6,
20,



Sixteenth Ohio Infantry.



115



16th REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



ROSTER, THREE MONTHS' SERVICE.



Oolonpl

lit. Colonel....

Major

Surgeon

As.s't Surgeon

Captain

Do



D<

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

1st Lieutenant

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.
2d Lieutenant

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.



1 AMES IRVINE

John S. Fulton

G. W. Bailky

J. D. Robinson

C. E. Dknir

J. D. Niclu.l is

Thomas J. Kinney

Aauila Wiley ,

Richard W. McCIain

PI i i li p Kersli u re

Thomas Colli-r

James McNuIty

James W. Moore

Miller Moody

Milton Mills ,

I. Hutit-r Odliu

David W. Marshall

Win. B. McCartv

I'u-diman Cunningham.

Willis C. Workman

Win. H. Wade

Charles T. Espy

John A. Irviii"

Chart 's H. Moore

August W. Loback

Win. Han 'i ah

David W. Marshal:

Levi M. Rin hart

James McClintock

Samite] L. Wilson

Joseph C. Plunimer

Albeit Shaw

Forset Pool

Henry C. Hayden

Win. Spaugler

John T. Rainey

James Riddle

Win. Dorsey

Hamilton Richeson



DATE OF RANK.



May



April



May
June
May



.May



April

Mav

April



May
June



COM. ISSUED.



May



April



May
Aug.
May



April



May



April

May

April



Mav
Aug.



3, 18B1
3, "

3, "

4, "
4, "
4, "



?4,
23,
24,
22,
23,
23,
•',

at

4,
7,
4,
24,
23,
24.
22,
23,
23,

i's
is

4,

22,
4,
21,
23,
24,
22,
23,
23,



l's



Discharged on acct. phis. dis. June 18, 1861.



ROSTER, THREE YEARS' SERVICE.



RANK.


NAME.


DATE OF RANK.


COM.


SSUED.


REMARKS.


Colonel

Lt. Colonel....
Do


JOHN F. Df.COURCEY....

Georoe W. Rmi.f.y

Philip Kf.shneu

Philip Keshnf.r

Robert W. P. Muse


Sept.
Aug.


22, isr.i

9, "

27, 1SR2

9, 1st; i

27, 1*12
13, 1 63
is, 1854
7, 1861
I, "
1, "

25, I8H2
9, 1863

13, lSi,4
Id, 1862
13, 1861
19, "

23, "

27, "

li, "

12, "

26, "

7, "

28, "
1, "
3, 1862

18, "

6, "

2s| "




Honorably discharged Marrli 31, 1864.

Honorably discharged August 27, 1862.

Mustered out October 31, 1864.

Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel.

Resigned January 13, 1863.

Resigned February 12, 1S64.

Mastered out October 31, IS64.

Mustered out October 31. 1864.

Transferred to Seventh regiment.

Appointed Surg'n Miss, col d rgt. June 10,

Dismissed August s, lsi'3.

Resigned March 23, 1S64.

.Mustered out October 31, 1S64.

Resigned February IS, 1863.

Promoted to Major.

Promoted to Major.

Died January 19, 1862.

Promoted to Minor.

Resigned January in, 1862.

Resigned November Hi, 1S63.

Died October 7, IS62.

Honorably discharged June 30, 1861.

Resigned March l, 1864.

Killed December 29, 1S62.




Do


April"

March

Sept.'"


"23,"V863
IS, 1864

'"i""isl;i




Do




Do

Surgeon

Ass't Surgeon
Do.


Eli W. Botsforu

Basil B. Bkeasheb

Charles E. Denio


March

Sept.

Nov.
Aug.
July

March

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.
D"C.

Feb.

Aug.
Ort.
Aug.
Mav
Ian.
May


•63-


Do.
Do.


Isaac N. Ei.i.skerky


Feb.

July
April


1(1, 1863
9, "

13, 1864
4, 1862


Do.
Chaplain

D


James W. Vandeuvoot

Kli W. Botsford




Do


Wm. Spangler

Robert W. P. Mus-






Do






Do

Do


Samuel Smith

Hamilton Richeson

W. 11. Mou o •


Ja'ii'.""


iS,"i862




Di




Do

Do

Do


Addison S. McClure

Richard W. Fannvhill

George H. II nil


Feb.""

KiliV""






Do




Do

Do


Joseph Edgar

Robert W. Leggett

Cushuian Cunuinghain

G"orge W. Stein

Absalom Finch

Win. M. Ross

George J. Jones

Philip M. Smith


19, lMi-'R^igned' Au'gusVil.lSi'.l'!' "

[Dismissed March 13, 1-63.

Resigned August 9, 1868.

.Mustered out with regiment.

9, 1864 Mustered out with regiment.
'Mustered out with regiment.

9, l864lMustered out with regiment.

9, " |Mustereil out with regiment.




Do

Dc




Do




D


15. I863 1

9, ls64|May
9, » | "




Do

Do





116



Ohio in the War,



RANK.


NAME.


DATE OF RANK.


COM.


ISSUED.


REMARKS.






May

July

Sept.

Oct.

Not.

Dec.
Feb.

Aug.

Oct.

Nov.

Feb.

Aug.

Jan.

March

May

July

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.
Feb.

Aug.
Oct.
Nov.

Feb.

Aug.
Feb.
Jan.
Oct.
March


9, 1864
25, "
25, "
30, "
30, "
10, IS61
13. "
19, "
23, "

27, "

6, "

15, "

16, "

7, "
25, "

28, "
1. "

3, 1S62
19, "

6, "

7, "

8, "
15, 1863
28, 1862
15, 1863

8, 1864

9, "
9, "
9, "
9, "
9, "

25, "

25, "
30, "
30, "
13, 1S61
19, "
23, "

27, *'

4, "

4, "
5i "
P. "

15, "

26, "

7, "

28, "
1, "
3, 1862

19, "
6, "

20, "

8, "
15, "
15, 1863
28, 1862
15, 1863
15, "

5. "
18, 1864


May
July


9, 1864
25, "
25, "
30, "
30, "


Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Deceased May 17, 1S64, as 1st Lieutenant.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Resigned. [16

Mustered out at expiration of service,

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain February 19, 1862.

Resigned.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Dismissed February 15, 1863.

Promoted to Captain.

Dismissed from service July 22, 1S63.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain August 6, 1862.

Promoted to Captain.

Mustered out with regiment.

Promoted to Captain."

Promoted to Captain ; deceased May 17, 1

Revoked ; resigned as 2d Lieutenant.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mastered out with regiment.

Mastered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned April 27, 1863.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant February 19

Resigned November 15, 1862.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned October 20, 1862.

Dismissed February 15, 1863.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant

Resigned July 16 1863.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Deceased August 17, 1863.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.




1)0






Do






Do






Do










1364.
Sept.


Do.






Do.






Do.








Do.








Do.








Do.


Wm. M. Ross






Do.








Do.








Do.








Do.






Do.








Do.


Philip M. Smith


Feb.

Nov.

May

March
May

Jnjy


3, 1S62

19, "
18, "
18, "

20, "
6, 1S63
6, "
6, "

18, 1S64
9, "
9, "
9, "
9, "
9, "
25, "
25, "
30, "
30, "




Do.


Robert W. Leggett




Do.






Do.


Charles B. Smith




Do.






Do.




864.


Do.




Do.
Do.


Wm. Buchanan




Do.


Benj. F. Harkert




Do.






Do.


H. S. Wood




Do.


Wm. H. Ruckle




Do.


Clias. W. Oldroyd




Do.






Do.






Do.






Do.












Do.








Do.


Robert W. Leggett




'62


Do.




Jan.


15, 1862




Do.






Do.








Do.








Do.


Philip M. Smith






Do.








Do.


Wm. W. Boyd






Do.








Do.








Do.








Do.


B. F. Heckert






Do.








Do.




Nov.
May

Feb.
March


18, 1862
18, "
20, "
6, "
6, "
6, "
6, "
6, "
26, 1864
18, "




Do.


H. S. Wood




Do.


Edward 0. G. Reed




Do.


Wm. H. Ruckle




Do.






Do.


Chas. W. Oldroyd




Do.






Do.
Do.


Wm. W. Woodland




Do.







Sixteenth Ohio Infantry. 117



SIXTEENTH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



I HIS regiment was organized under Colonel John F. DeCourcey, at Camp Tiffin, near
Wooster, Ohio, on the 2d day of October, 1861, and was mustered into the service on
the same day by Captain Belknap, of the Eighteenth United States Regulars. It reached
Camp Dennison November 28th and remained there until the 19th of December, when, receiving
its arms, it moved to Lexington, Kentucky. On January 12, 1862, orders were received to report to
General S. P. Carter, at Somerset, Kentucky. At this point the regiment was engaged in repair-
ing and building military roads to facilitate the transportation of supplies to General Thomas's
forces at Mill Springs.

The battle of Mill Springs was fought and won by General Thomas on the 19th of January.
The regiment was ordered up during the fight, but being retarded by a flood in Fishing Creek,
did not reach the ground until after the enemy had been routed.

On January 31, 1S62, the regiment left Somerset, Kentucky, and marched across the country
to London. After a short rest at this point it continued its march to Cumberland Ford, arriving
there on the 12th of February. Nothing of interest transpired during its stay.

On March 12th a reconnoissance in force was made toward Cumberland Gap, but with the
exception of a slight skirmish with the enemy nothing was accomplished. Another reconnois-
sance was made on the 22d of March. About this time the regiment was brigaded with the Forty-
Second Ohio and Twenty-Second Kentucky, forming the Twenty-Sixth Brigade, Seventh Division,
Army of the Ohio, under command of Brigadier-General George W. Morgan.

On April 28th another reconnoissance was made to the top of the Cumberland Mountains in
the vicinity of Cumberland Gap. The mountain was climbed in the midst of a heavy fog.
Arriving at the top at eight A. M. they met the enemy and a brisk fight ensued, which lasted till
the middle of the afternoon. The regiment lost one man killed and two wounded.

The month of May was occupied in preparing for the assault on Cumberland Gap. On
June 10th the march was resumed toward the Gap. On the morning of the 17th of June the
regiment marched up Powell's Valley to the rear of Cumberland Gap, where it was discovered
that the enemy had abandoned that stronghold and retreated toward Knoxville, Tennessee. The
Sixteenth was the first regiment to enter the enemy's abandoned intrenchments and raise the
National colors. From this time until the 3d of August the troops were engaged in strengthen-
ing the position, drilling, and foraging, with frequent skirmishing.

On August 6th the Sixteenth was ordered to relieve the Fourteenth Kentucky, at Tagewell.
About ten A. M. of that day two companies (B and E) of the regiment were sent forward as
advance pickets. Companies Fand D were ordered to the right of the Main Hill Road on the
same duty. Companies C and G were held in reserve. At eleven A. M. heavy skirmishing
commenced at the front and continued until the enemy appeared on the front and right in force.
Companies D and F were compelled to fall back. Companies B and E were cut off from the
main force by a Rebel brigade, and most of them captured. Companies C and G were ordered
up as a support, but were also overwhelmed and compelled to fall back to a position on the left
of the road. They were now re-enforced by stragglers from other companies and held the enen.y
in check for two hours, when the ammunition was exhausted. They then fell back to the main
line, where the National forces were massed. Toward night the National army retreated into the
intrenchments, the enemy following to within three miles of the Gap.



118 Ohio in the War.

On September 8th the Sixteenth Ohio and its brigade were ordered to Manchester, Kentucky,
for supplies. On the 19th this force was joined by the remainder of the National troops from
the Gap. The supplies having been almost completely exhausted, General Morgan ordered a
retreat toward the Ohio River. This retreat was opposed by the enemy, who harrassed the
National forces by frequent attacks, and by placing obstructions in the roads, up to Grayson,
Kentucky, within twenty-five miles of the Ohio River. The sufferings of the men on this march
were very severe, having nothing to eat for several days excepting ears of corn gathered from the
fields as they passed. To quench their thirst the men were compelled to drink the water col-
lected in stagnant pools. On the 3d of October the command arrived at Greenupsburg, Ken-
tucky, on the Ohio River, utterly worn out, ragged, shoeless, and covered with the accumulated
dust of sixteen days' march. Their appearance was forlorn in the extreme.

Resting until the 21st of October at Portland, Ohio, the regiment then moved to Charles-
ton, Virginia, on the Kanawha River. On November 10th it marched, under orders, to Point
Pleasant, Virginia, and there embarked on steamers for Memphis, Tennessee, arriving at that
place on the 27th of the same month. On December 20th it moved with Sherman's command on
transports to the rear of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and participated, on the 29th, in the disastrous
assault on Chickasaw Bayou. In this affair the Sixteenth suffered terribly, losing three hundred
and eleven officers and men killed, wounded, and prisoners. After the assault the command of
the regiment devolved on Captain E. W. Botsford.

The next service performed by the regiment was in the expedition against Arkansas Post.
That post being captured the Sixteenth Ohio, with other troops composing the expedition, were
taken back to Young's Point, Louisiana. The regiment remained here until 8th March, and
then moved to Milliken's Bend.

On April 6, 1863, the regiment joined General Grant's expedition to the rear of Vicksburg.
It was engaged at Thompson's Hill on the 1st of May, and lost nine men killed and wounded.
It was also engaged at Champion Hills, or Baker's Creek, on 16th of May, and on the 17th at
Black River Bridge. On May 19th it took a prominent part in the disastrous assault on the
Rebel works in the rear of Vicksburg. In these several affairs the regiment lost severely in
killed and wounded. On the 22d of May it was again engaged in an assault on the Rebel works,
losing several men killed and wounded. It remained in the rear of Vicksburg until its fall,
July 4, 1863. On the 6th of July it was ordered to Jackson, Mississippi, where it participated
in the siege and capture of that place.

The regiment now marched back to Vicksburg, where it was placed on transports with orders
to report to the commanding officer at New Orleans, Louisiana. It arrived at Carrollton, six
miles above the city, on the loth of August.

General Banks's expedition to the Teche country was then forming at New Orleans, and the
Sixteenth was made a part of it. About the 7th of September the expedition left New Orleans.
Starting from Algiers, opposite the city, the regiment moved by railroad to Brashear City, and
from thence marched across the country to Opelousas. Returning to New Orleans it joined the
expedition under General Washburne to Texas, landing at DeCrow's Point, on Matagorda Penin-
sula. From thence it went by steamer to Indianola, and from there to Fort Esperanza, opposite
DeCrow's Point, on Matagorda Island. From this place it sailed to New Orleans, arriving at
that city on the 21st of April, 1864.

The regiment remained in New Orleans only two days, and was then sent up the river to
Alexandria to re-enforce General Banks's army, just returned from his disastrous expedition into
the Red River country. It arrived at Alexandria April 26th and was immediately sent to the
front, where the enemy was met and engaged in ssveral skirmishes. In these the regiment lost
some men. Returning to Alexandria five companies were detailed to assist in building a dam
across Red River to enable the gunboats to reach the Mississippi River.

About the 15th of May the Sixteenth Ohio, with the rest of the forces under General Banks,
commenced the retreat to Morganza, Louisiana, on the Mississippi. Morganza was reached
without loss and the regiment went into camp. In this camp it remained, performing garrison-



Sixteenth Ohio Infantry. 119

duty, until the 6th of October, when orders were received to proceed to Columbus, Ohio, for final
discharge from the service.

This ended the service of the Sixteenth Ohio as an organized regiment, it having failed to
re-enlist for the war from the fact that it was feared by the men that the regimental organization
would' not be preserved.

The regiment reached Columbus, Ohio, on the 14th of October, and was paid and discharged
from the service on the 31st of October, 1863.

During its service the Sixteenth traveled by railroad one thousand two hundred and eighty-
five miles; by steamboat three thousand six hundred and nineteen miles; by steamship twelve
hundred miles, and on foot one thousand six hundred and twenty-one miles. No accident
occurred to any one while traveling on the water or by cars. While on the Gulf of Mexico, in
November, 1863, off the coast of Texas, in latitude 27°, several of the men of the regiment had
their feet frozen during the prevalence of a severe " Norther."

The total number of deaths, from all causes, in the regiment was two hundred and fifty-one.
There were killed in battle and died of their wounds two officers and sixty men. There was one
death from suicide, and one from accidental shooting. Two men were drowned, one while bath-
ing in the Mississippi River, at Vicksburg; the other while returning from general hospital at
New Orleans, to rejoin his regiment at Morganza.

There were one hundred and eighty-five deaths from disease, of which forty-seven occurred
with the regiment. The others were in general hospital, or in hospital or other transports, at
home on furlough, or in Rebel prisons. The number of wounded who recovered was one hun-
dred and eighty-eight. The largest per cent, sick at any one time occurred while the regiment
was in barracks at Camp Dennison in 1861. The ,most fatal disease was typho-malarial, or camp
fever. The most prevalent disease was diarrhea.

There were two cases of small-pox and fifty-nine of varioloid, but no deaths. Of measles
there were fifty-two cases and two deaths. There were three cases of typhoid-pneumonia, all of
which proved fatal. Two died from diphtheria. The greatest mortality in any one month was in
April, 1862, at Cumberland Ford, Kentucky, where there were eight deaths — four from typhoid-
malarial fever, two from typhoid-pneumonia, one from congestive measles, and one from hospital
gangrene.

On Surgeon's certificate of disability one hundred and eighty-six were discharged, and
thirty-eight were transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, fifteen of whom were directly from
the regiment. Before leaving Morganza the recruits, ninety in number, were transferred to the
One Hundred and Fourteenth Ohio to serve out the unexpired term of their enlistment.

The number of officers and men mustered out at the expiration of its term of service was
four hundred and seventy -seven, all that was left of one thousand one hundred and ninety-one,



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