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Ohio in the war : her statesmen, her generals, and soldiers (Volume 2) online

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in the Miami Valley. It was in the service from the beginning of the war. It was always at
the front — never doing a single day's service in mere garrison duty. It served under nearly all
the most famous commanders — McClellan, Buell, Eosecrans, Thomas, Grant, Halleck, Sherman,
and Schofield. It held an honorable place from the first in that noted corps, Thomas's Fourteenth.
And it was never driven, save at Chickamauga. Even then it quit the field only under orders
and at nightfall.



126



Ohio in the War.



18th REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



ROSTER, THREE MONTHS' SERVICE.



Colonel

Lt. Colonel....

Major

Surgeon

Ass't Surgeon

Do.

Captain

l)i

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

1st Li utenaut

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

lid,

Do.

Do.
2d Lieutenant

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.



TIMOTHY R. STANLEY.

Wm. M. Bolles

Wm. II. Bishee

A. S. SWARTZWELDER

\V. H.Deury

Thomas L. Nkai

Henry C. Rogers

Frank Bu 11

0. Kingsbury

J.W. Caldwell

.lolin P. Merrill

It. L. Curtis*

C. C. A vlshire ......

J. L. Wallace

John J. Hoffman

John McMahoii

John Henderson

Wm. Boll-s

Co. E. Downing

John V Keep rs

Dennis U'Leary

Co. E. Downing

II. S. Hamilton

Hasl-y C Burr

George Hatch

Junius Gates

S. W. Ross

David Dove

Thomas Koss

Chas. Kingsbury

H. S. Spar

Alex. I'earce

J. C. Pax ton

John Mc Maliou

Win. H. Bisbee

H. S. Spear

Alex. Pearce

Warren G. Hubbard

Wm. McCain

George lt. llibben

J. W. Jenkins

John Andrews

0. H. P. Scott

George E. Downing

Joshua Mathiot

D. B. Caldwell

Wallace Hill

Silas E. Emmons



DATE OF RANK



May



June
April



-May
April



Mav
April
I line
April

May
April



May
April
June



April



Miiy
April



May
April

Jllllii

July



29,
29,
29,
12,

12.
21,

2:;,

211,
So,
24,
22,
24,
22,
25,
30,



2.">,
30,

22,'

28,

I,
1,

23,

ao,

30,

24,
22,
24,
22,
25,
30,

-'-!

28,
IS
22,



COM. ISSUED.



Miiy



June
April



May
A pril
June
April

May
April



May
April

June,



April



May
April



May
A pril
In ue

July



29, 1861
29, "
2d, '*



12,
12,
21,
28,

20,

May 30,

April 24,

22,

24,

" 22,

" 25

30,'



7,
22,
2*,
2S,

20,
30,
24,
22,
24,
22,

3o|

22]
2.<,
1,
1,
23,
20,
30,
24,
22,
24,
22,
2-'>,
30,

21%

28,
Mi

22,



Resigned.



Promoted to Captain.



Adjutant.
Quartermaster.



ROSTER, THREE YEARS' SERVICE.



DATE OF RANK.



COM. ISSUED.



REMARKS.



Colonel

Do

Lt. Colonel....

Do

Do

Major

Do

Do

Do

Surgeon

Do

Ass't Surgeon
Do.
Do.
Do.

Chaplain

Captain

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do



TIMOTHY R. STANLEY.
CHAS. H. GROSVENOR...

Josiah Gives

Chas. H. Guosvenor

John M. Benedict

ClIAS. H. GltOSVENOR.....

J. M. Welch

John M. Benedict

RollERT B. ClIAl'I'ELL

Wm. P. Johnson

Horace P. Kav

Wm. W. Mills

Chas. H. French

Arthur C. Newkli

Samuel A. Baxter

John Dillon

Henry R. Miller

Asbel Fenton

J. M. Welch

John Jump r

David II. Miles

l'hilip E. Taylor

George Stivers

Chas. C. Ross

Julius C. Stediiiau



Aug.

April

Aug.

March

April

July

March

Feb.

April
Sept.
Feb.

Sept.

Jan.
May
May

Sept.
Aug.



1861
1863
1865



Aug.

April

Nov.

June

April

July

March

Feb.

April

Nov.

Feb.

Nov.

Jan.

May

Sept.
Nov.



1851

1865
1861
1863
1863
1SSI
1863
1865



1863

181



Mustered out November 9, 1864. [27, 18r.5.

On duty as Prov. Marsh. Gen. of Ga. until Oct.

Appointed Colonel 74th Regiment.

Promoted to Colonel.

Mustered out with regiment.

Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel.

Mustered out November 9, 1864.

Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel.

Must-red out with regiment.

Mustered out November 9, 1864.

Mustered out with regiment.

Resigned February 2s, 1864.

Mustered out November 9, 1S64.

Mustered out October 9, 1865.

Mustered out October 9, 1865.

Mustered out November 9, 1864.

Resigned January 19, 1863.

Died April 14 1863.

Promoted to Major.

Resigned October 4, 1863.

Resigned September IS, 1862.

Died 01 wounds January 2, 1863.

Died of wounds January 4, 1863.

Mustered out November 9, 1864.

Resigned May 26, 1863.



Eighteenth Ohio Infantry.



12;



DATE OF' BANK. COM. ISSUED.



Captain IW'm. L. Edmiston.'

l>o El* uezerUrosvi nor

Do Alexander I'enrce

Do Cbas. W. McNeil

Do J. 0. BIcElroy

Do |G o. W. Dunkl-

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

1st Lieutenant

Do.
Do.
Do.
Bo.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
M Lieutenant
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.



... Nov.
... Ann.
... 8ept.
.. Jan.



Cbas. A. Cable

.Homer 0. Jon s

Amos C. Royston

P. ally G. Brown

John M. B indict

George W. Clark

David H. Mil s

Joint B. Emory

G' org'- » oilings

Robert B. Chapp II

Gi o. \\ . Blown

Cbas. Giant

Cbas. J. Phillip*

Daniel W. Bates

Travis Lynch

Billion W. Ilalwy

Nelson Mel ov

Win. S. War

! hoiuas C. sl.oidon ,

Henry (arr

lames F. 11. Cook

Felix McNeill

Geo. W. lunkle

.lolm C. Ncal

Ali x. W. S. Biinear

J. C. Mctlroy

Rob it K. Danlbrd

Nelson 11. Van Vorlns...

Jacob C 1 lost

Chan. W. McNeill

Win. L. Eilinistoii

Ueiiu. M. 15,- 1 list lesser.

ulias. A. v able ,

Eb'ii z r OrosVi not

V in. B. Williams

Ali xauder Peaive

Frederick J. Kyan

liob 11 i avidsoii

Pearly G. Drown

John M. B- indict

Amos C. lb yston

Homer C. . ones

Ceo. W. Clark

'oliii ( . Ba: ron

Charles G. Baniu in ,

Jollll G. llullliold ,

John II. Acton

Win. B Evans

Charles E. Stevens

Cbas. Grant

Cbas. II. Grubb

Theodore Eerrel

David 15. Cailin

Nylvanus lbirtlett

Charles J. I'liillips

David J. Seabright

11 M.Grosvennr

John M. Grosveiior

Samuel W. Thomas

Daniel M. Bates

Travis Lynch

Nelson McCoy

Win. S. Ware

Thomas C. Sheldon

Milton W. lialsey

Daniel Emory

Henry Carr

Cbas. B. Wilkinson

Bobert S. King

Jolni G. G. Carter

D. S. Shellenbarger

Jus. G. Irwin

Wm. II. Emerick

B n.i. F. T'avis

John McManus

Cbas. W. Stanneart

Jerome F. Fry

Isaac A. Shafcr

.James F. II. Cook

Wm. II. Holdeness

II. llaynes

Homer C. Jones

Amos C. Royston ,

Win. B. Williams

■Samuel II. Martin

Win. W. Blacker

Win. B. Shirvin

John C Barron ,

Wm. II. Baird ,

Charles G. Baldwin ,

Alexander I 'ea rce ,

Henry II. Welch

Chus. B. Saunders

Cbas. M. Grubb

Cbas. E. Stevens

Edward McLaren



.. " 19,

.. March 26,

.. April l-l,

.. March Hi,

.. June In,
..iUct.



.'>, 1861 Nov.
3d, " Dec.

IK. " ! "

4, 1*63 Fell.
4,



June
81 pt.
!)■ c.



Jan.
F. b.



March

April



4,
4,
S, 1S64
80, 1864

21, '
21,
21,
21,

2U, IS
in, '
HI, '



May



II, "
I, IKfll



Nov.
F. b.



A us.

.Sept.

Feb.
Jan. 4,
March 26,



2li,
2,



24,
5,
3, If

IH,
1, '
2li,
30,
1", '
22, '



March
June
Am?.
June

Jan.

Juno
Sept.

D.c.



22, 1861 Resigned August 30, 1862.

y, 1.-62 Killed December 15, Iff*.

9, " Mustered out November 9, 1864.
is, lsi'3 Mustered out November!), |.sii4.
IS, " Blustered out November y, 1864.



Jan.

E, b.



March 2!(,

April 8,

12,



May

Nov.



12,
1-', '
II.

2J, M
22, '
22, '



Nov.
Dec.



3, 1862
19, "



au,



.Ian.
Feb.
Jan.
J u ue



4,
1,

IN
in,
March 16,
April 14,
Aug. is,
Oct. 4,



April
July



Nov.
Dec.



1".

i:i, 1864

J2, "

12, "

15, "

21, "

21, "

21, "

21, "

21, "

21, "

21, "

20, 186!

211, "



Feb.
March 2y,
2y,



A pril



May



Sept.

Aug.



Sept.
Oct.



Jan.
Feb.



2y,
8, "

12, "

12, "

12, "

12, "

12, "

2, "
11, "

4, "

1, 1861

10, "

26, "

8, "

19, "

14, "

21, "

24, "

1, "

1, "

21, 1S62

3, "



Feb.
March
F. b.
June

July
June
July

Aug.



6, 186



April
July



Nov.
Die.



Jan.

Feb.

March 2'J,
29,



April



May



Sept.

Nov.



19,
March 15,
Nov. 29,

Sept. 26,



Tan.
Feb.

April
iNov.
iDec.



6,
15, " iMustered out November 9, 1R64.

1, " Mustered out November 9, 1864.
23, " Resigned October 4, 1863.

23, " Mustered out November 9, 1864.
21, lsr.4 Promoted to Major.
21, " D -dined promotion.

M ustered out Novi mber 9, 1P64.
30, " Honorably diseharge.l March 25, 1865.
21, " Absent, perspec'l order, at muster-out of reg"'
21, " Promoted to Major.
21, " Mustered out with regiment.
21, " Mustered out with regiment.
211, 1865 Declined promotion.
10, " Mustered out with regiment.
10, " Blustered out with regiment.

Blustered out with regiment.

Absent without have at muster-out of reg't.

Mustered out with regiment.

Cashiered October II, 1*65.

Blustered out with regiment.

il Resigned September 26, 1862.

Promoted to Captain.

Dismissed bv mil • „f \y. D. June 16, 1862.

Resigned July y, 1863.

Promoted to Captain.

Resigned January 17, 1862.

Resigned August 15, 1862.

Resigned Februarys, l 6 62.

Promoted to L'aptaiu.

Promoted to Captain.

Resigned March 15, Is62.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Resigned February s, 1863.

Promoted to Captain.

Resigned April I, lx>4.

Ri signed June n, 186$.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Resigned September 20, MM.

Must, red out November y, 1864.

Dismissed April 12, In 4.

Mustered out November 9, 1864.

Discharged .March 28, 1864.

Blustered out Novi mber 9, 1864.

Resigned September Hi. Isfrj.

Promoted to Captain.

Blustered out November 9, 1864.

Resigned October 17, 1863.

Resigned February, lsii4.

Blustered out November 9, 1864.

lb signed February 26, 1866.

Mustered out Nov mber 9, 1864.

Mustered out November 9, 1864.

Declined promotion.

Killed December 15, 1864.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.
Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.
Blustered out with regiment.
Promoted to Captain.
Blustered out with regiment.

Absent at muster-out of regiment.

Trans'red to Adjutant Isth O.V. 1. Sept. 1, 1865.

Blustered out with regiment.

Blustered out with r -giment.

Resigned July II, 1865.

Declined promotion.

Blustered out with regiment.

Blustered out with regiment.

Blustered out with regiment.

Discharged July 2. 1865.

Blustered out with regiment.

Blustered out with regiment.

Resigned November 28, 1862.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned January 8, 1862.

Killed Dec mber 31, 1862.

Resigned A 11211st. 1863.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resign' d September 26, 1881

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned November 30, isii2.

Resigned September 20, 1S62.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned August 0, 1803.



20,
2.1,
20,

I,

1,

1,
19,

4, 1864
27, 1S(
Hi, Ini'.-I
12, "
12, "
15, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21), 1861
20, "
10,



29,

8, "

12, "

12, "

12, "

12, "

12, "

2, "

11, "

4, "

22, "

22, 1861

22, "

22, "

22, "

22, "



19,
10,
29,



128



Ohio in the War



2d Licutena
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.



Chas. Grant

Lorenzo D. Carter

Wm. B. Evans

David B. Carlin

John H. Acton

John G. Honuold

Theodore Ferrell

David J. Seabright

Chas. J. Phillips

Bylvanns Bartlett

John M. Grosvenor ,

Russell S. Carpenter...

Wm. Quigley

John 1' . Camp ,

Travis Lynch

George Hewitt

Daniel M. Bates ,

Daniel Emory ,

Henry Carr ,

Jas. G. Irwin ,

Wm. H. Emerick

Robert S. King ,

David A. Piatt ,

John G. G. Carter ,

D. S. Shellenbarger....,

Benj. F. Davis ,

John McManus

Chas. W. Stanueart

Jerome F. Fry

Isaac A. Shaffer

Win. H. Hokleness

James P. H. Cook

Jonathan W. Pontius.

Wm. A. Davidson

David T. Shotts

Samuel L. Clark

Samuel Charles

David W. Bost

Caleb Richmond

Henry Klabish

"' crGutherell

James W. Slater

John A. Miller

George P. Jar vis

George W. Kearns



DATE OF RA.NK



Sept.
Nov.

Sept.
Dec.

June
April

Feb.

Nov.

Dec.

June
July

Dec.



Feb.
April



May



Sept.



20, isr:

30, "
28, "
22, "

31, "

9, 1S63
14, "

18, "
1, "

19, 1S64
1, 1863

27, "

8, "
8, 1864

12, "
12, "

21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
21, "
10, 1S65
10, "

8, "



8,
12,
12,

12,
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
W,
31,
4,
4,
4,



COM. ISSUED.



Jan.
Feb.



June 23,

Aug. 1,

July 20,

20,

Feb. 19,

March 9,

9,

10,

June 8,

July 12,

12,

Dec. 21,

21,

" 21,

21,

21,

21,

21,

21,

in,



Feb.
April



May



Sept.



Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Resigned January 22, 1804.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Mustered out November 9, 18G4.
Mustered out November 9, 1864.
Mustered out November 9, 1864.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Never mustered.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Declined promotion.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Resigned June 12, 1865.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Mustered out with regiment.
Declined to accept commission.
Declined to accept commission.
Resigned July 28, 1865.
Mustered out with regiment.
Mustered out with regiment.
Mustered out with regiment.
Mustered out with regiment.
Mustered out with regiment.
Mustered out with regiment.
Declined promotion.
Mustered out with regiment.
Mustered out with regiment.



EIGHTEENTH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.

FIRST ORGANIZATION.



THE organization of this regiment was commenced at Camp Wool, Athens, Ohio, in
August, 1861, and completed at Camp Dennison, November 4, 1861. The regiment,
nine hundred and thirty strong, left Camp Dennison November 6, 1861, and reported
to General W. T. Sherman, at Louisville, the next day. Thence it marched down the river to
West Point. On the 15th it reported at Elizabethtown, and was organized into a brigade com-
prising the Nineteenth Illinois, Eighteenth Ohio, Thirty-Seventh Indiana, and Twenty-Fourth
Illinois, under command of Colonel Turchin, Nineteenth Illinois, General O. M. Mitchel's
division of the Army of the Ohio. Remaining at Elizabethtown about a month, the division
marched thence to Bacon Creek, where, for nearly two months, the command was instructed and
drilled under the eye of General Mitchel.

On February 7th General Mitchel commenced in earnest his brilliant progress ; he passed
General McCook at Green River, encamped on its south bank, and on the 8th marched for Bowl-
ing Green, occupied in force by the enemy. On the night of the 9th the regiment for the first
time bivouacked, and on the morning of the 10th showed hillocks of men covered with snow.
The day the regiment reached the vicinity of Bowling Green, the place was reported deserted by
the Rebels, and the bridge and public stores in flames. A difficulty in crossing the river was



Eighteenth Ohio Infantry. 129

overcome by the ingenuity of Colonel Stanley, who detailed a number of men, and quickly con-
structed a bridge.. The brigade marched down the bank, and, silently, that snowy night the
crossing was made, and at daylight Colonel Turchin, with his command, marched into Bowling
Green. Large quantities of supplies and subsistence were captured, but more had been destsoyed.

On February 23d General Mitchel moved for Nashville, sixty-two miles distant, reaching it
in three days. Here, as at Bowling Green, the Fourth Ohio Cavalry preceded the infantry, and
found the railroad bridge and the fine suspension bridge over the Cumberland River destroyed,
but means of crossing were soon found and the City of Nashville was taken. The whole National
army, under General Buell, encamped in and around the city.

General Mitchel's command being an independent one, that officer, March 18th, marched for
Huntsville, Alabama, taking possession of the country as he passed. This bold and timely
movement surprised the Eebels, who fell back as the National troops advanced. The whole
country, from Nashville to Huntsville, and the railroad east to Bridgeport and west to Tuscumbia,
were taken by a single division of less than seven thousand men. The railroads, bridges, and turn-
pikes, injured by the Bebels in their flight, were repaired, rendering the campaign very arduous.
To the Michigan Engineers mainly belongs the credit of overcoming the difficulties in crossing
bridgeless streams. The bridge over Stone Biver, two hundred and sixty feet long, was rebuilt in
eight days, by a detail from the Eighteenth Ohio, with axes only.

On April 10th at midnight the command arrived within ten miles of Huntsville. A council
of war was held at General Mitchel's head-quarters, and the plan of the capture of Huntsville
decided upon. At three o'clock A. M. the command marched, and was in sight of Huntsville
before the citizens were out of their beds. Some three hundred prisoners were captured, seven-
teen locomotives, one hundred and fifty cars, and large amounts of supplies. The Eighteenth
Ohio, with other forces, were detailed to work the railroad and transport troops and supplies.

Tuscumbia was occupied, and Colonel Turchin, the brigade commander, with a small force,
including the Eighteenth Ohio, made his head-quarters in the town, although almost surrounded
by Bebel troops. Strategy was resorted to to deceive them as to the strength of the National forces.
Names of officers from some dozen regiments were entered on the hotel books, whose regiments
were supposed to be in camp, but an inspection would have found but six hundred men there.
Colonel Stanley was careful not to let any citizens leave. General Buell ordered all west of
Decatur evacuated, and the regiment was sent to Athens to guard the railroad.

On May 1st, at daylight, Colonel Stanley's pickets were attacked by Scott's Rebel cavalry,
six hundred strong and three pieces of artillery, yet the Rebels were held in check for three
hours. Colonel Stanley, learning that the Rebels consisted of three battalions of infantrv,
ordered a retreat toward Huntsville. While the Eighteenth was yet in Decatur General Mitchel
came from Huntsville to Decatur on the cars, and ordered Colonel Stanley to fall back in good
order to a point where re-enforcements would be met. General Mitchel came near being captured,
as the Rebels sent a small force across to a bridge, setting it on fire, but the General and his
train ran over it while burning. At this bridge a spirited flght occurred, in which six Rebels
were killed and a number wounded. The regiment lost three killed and several wounded.

On May 31st the Eighteenth joined the brigade at Fayetteville, and marched thence, under
General Negley, for Chattanooga. The town was bombarded from the north side of the river,
by which it was believed the Rebels were deterred from a contemplated invasion of Kentucky.
The distance marched in this movement was two hundred and forty miles, accomplished in twelve
days, crossing Cumberland Mountain and Walden's Ridge.

From Fayetteville the regiment marched to Huntsville, thence to Stevenson and Battle
Creek, where the Rebels were confronted ; the Tennessee River being between the forces. The
regiment built fortifications and remained at Battle Creek until July 11th, when it and half of
the Twenty-Fourth Illinois, all under command of Colonel Stanley, marched across Cumberland
Mountain, arriving at Decherd after midnight of the day in which General Forrest had captured
Murfreesboro'. The Eighteenth next moved to Elk River, and along the railroad to Cowan;
thence to Tullahoma and Manchester, and guarded the road from Tullahoma to McMinnville

Vol. II.— 9.



130 Ohio in the War.

On August 29, 1S62, companies A and I of the Eighteenth Ohio, and D of the Ninth Mich
igan, under command of Captain Miller, Eighteenth Ohio, were attacked at a stockade, twelve
miles from Winchester, by Forrest, who dismounted nine hundred of his men before making the
attempt. The Rebels were soon repulsed, losing about one hundred men without the loss of a
man on our side. General Thomas complimented them in general orders. The Rebels having
retreated a short distance, commenced destroying the railroad. Captain Miller sent a squad after
them, but they were so badly whipped that they instantly decamped.

The Eighteenth was the last regiment to leave Manchester with Buell's retreating column.
At Nashville the regiment was brigaded with the Sixty-Ninth Ohio, Eleventh Michigan, and
Nineteenth Illinois, forming the Twenty-Ninth Brigade, under Colonel Stanley, and with another
brigade, under Colonel Miller, was left for the defense of Nashville. Colonel Stanley commanded
the brigade from September 10, 1862, until after the battle of Chickamauga.

The division in which the regiment was brigaded was the right of General Thomas's (Four-
teenth) corps at the battle of Stone River. On Tuesday, the 30th of December, 1862, the division
took post south of the Cedar Woods and drove the Rebel sharpshooters from several points.
Early Wednesday the right, under General McC'ook, gave way and, after a short struggle, in
which the Twenty-Ninth Brigade vainly battled with the Rebel masses, it was compelled to do
likewise. During this fearful time, at a critical moment, under the lead of General Rousseau,
the Eighteenth charged into the woods filled with Rebels, and checked their advance.

Friday found the division on the extreme left. Breckinridge attacked and drove the division,
thrown across Stone River, in great confusion. General Rousseau ordered Colonel Stanley to take
his brigade across the stream. It was a fearful thing to do, but the order was executed by both
brigades. Advancing a little, to closer cover, the men fell upon their faces, and awaited the ad-
vancing foe. On came the Rebels, but they were received with a leaden storm which thinned their
ranks fearfully, and without giving them a chance to recover, an order to charge was given,
which caused them to flee panic-stricken; meantime the artillery was doing its work. The bri-
gade captured four pieces of artillery. In this action of forty minutes Breckinridge acknowl-
edged the loss of one thousand seven hundred men. The Eighteenth lost Captains Fenton,
Taylor, and Stivers, Lieutenant Blacker, and thirty-two men killed; Lieutenant-Colonel Given,
Captains Welch and Ross, Adjutant Minear, and one hundred and forty-three men wounded. In
June it accompanied the advance on Tullahoma, across Lookout Mountain into McLamore's Cove,
and, with Negley's and Baird's divisions, September 11th at Dug Gap, confronted Bragg's army.
In this movement, at the foot of Mission Ridge, General Negley directed Colonel Stanley to hold
his position. The enemy were pressing, but the brigade kept them at a respectable distance.

In a day or two commenced the march for Chickamauga. The regiment did not get into the
thickest of the fight until Sunday, September 20th, but went gallantly through the battle, making
several brilliant charges. Colonel Stanley in his report noticed the gallantry and coolness of
Captains Grosvenor, McElroy, and Cable, Lieutenants Carlin, Benedict, Clark, Honnold, Grubb,
Ryan, Carter, Acton, Ferrel, and Evans. Sergeant-Major George Hewitt and private Joseph
Imbody, of company H, are noticed "for their gallantry in rescuing the colors of the regiment
when they fell from Lieutenant Carlin's hands, and bringing them safely from the field."

The regiment performed Engineering-duty, and aided in building boats, warehouses, saw-



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