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Ohio in the war : her statesmen, her generals, and soldiers (Volume 2) online

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Dec.
June
July
April
May
June
April
Aug.
Sept.



Dec.

April

June

Aug.

July

April

May

April

June

Nov.

Sept.



Dec.
March



April
June

July
Oct.
July
Nov.
April
May-
April
June



1861
1863
1861

186S

1863
18lil



Oct.

May
July
Oct.
May
Oct.

July

.March
Oct.



1S61
1863

1862

186

1>'-.1



7,

9,
14,
26,
16,
28,
19,
29,
30,

y,

22,
10,
18,
IS,
18,
IS,
23,
24,
25,

%
14,

2fi,

5. 1
16,

7,
28,
19, ]
29,

9,
30,
12,
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IS,
IS,

is,

is,

23,
25,

7,

9,
14,
26,
31, 1
31,
31,

5,
28,
16,
28,

5,
28,
17,
19, )
29,

9,
30,



Dec.
Sept.
Aug.
May
June
July

Oct.



Dec.

May
Sept.
Oct.

May
June
July

Nov.
Oct.



Dec.
May



Sept.
Oct.



Dec.
May
Juno
July



14,



14,
14,



20,
14,
14,
14,
14,
14,
14,
14,
14,
14,
14,
14,
17,
26,

5, ]
12,

5,

5,

13, 1
15,
20,
20,
12,

14, !
14,
14,
14,
14,
H,
14,
14,
14,
17,
26,

15, 1
15,
15,
15,
12,

5,



5,

8,

13, I
15,

20,
20,



Resigned April 20, 1864.

Resigned April 9, 1S03.

Revoked ; resigned as Major January 5, 1S63.

Mustered out January 30, 1864.

Resigned June 5, 1863.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Mustered out September 9, 1864.

Appointed Surgeon 104th O. V. I. Feb., 1863.

Mustered out January 30, 1864.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Mastered out November 4, 1862.

Promoted to Major.

Mustered out January 30, 1864.

Resigned July 28, 1864.

Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel.

Resigned May 29, 1S63.

Honorably discharged September 23, 1863.

Resigned June 30, 1863

Resigned June 16, 1862.

Mustered out January 30, 1864.

Drowned November, 1861.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
1S62 Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
1863 Mustered out January 30, 1S64.

Transferred to sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Mustered out January 30, 1804.

App. Capt. by Pres't ; hon. disch'd April 6, '64.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain June 16, 1862.

Resigned April 5, 1862.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Died August 7, l.-<62.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Transferred to sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Mustered out January 30, 1864.

Resigned December 17, 1803.

Mustered out February 12, 1S64.

Mustered out January 30, ls64.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned March 31, 1862.

Resigned November 17, 186!!.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned June 28, 1862.

Resigned March 31, 1862.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned March 31, 1862.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned August 19, 1863.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Resigned July 24, 1863.

Resigned October 5, 1862.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Mustered out January 30, 1S64.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Transferred to Sth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Mustered out June 30, 1864.



278 Ohio in the War.



FORTY-FOURTH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



THIS regiment rendezvoused at the Fair Grounds near Springfield, Ohio, during the
summer and autumn of 1861 ; and on the 14th of October, being fully organized, it
moved, via Cincinnati, to Camp Piatt, West Virginia. On the morning of the 19th,
having reached its destination, the regiment disembarked and pitched its tents for the first time
on disputed ground. Two weeks after its arrival, five companies were ordered to Gauley Bridge,
and assisted in driving Floyd from his camp, and engaged in all the skirmishes during his
retreat. Before their return two hundred men from the regiment crossed the Kanawha,
marched to Platona, captured the place, and moved on against Colonel Jenkins at Logan C. II.,
but the Colonel decamped before their arrival. After being absent six days they returned, bring-
ing in seven prisoners, some horses, and one hundred head of cattle. After these expeditions
the command remained in camp for five months, quietly drilling. Winter-quarters were built
and the men were comfortably sheltered. During the month of November Captain John M. Bell,
of company K, with an Orderly-Sergeant and six men, were drowned while crossing the river in
a skiff to relieve the picket on the opposite side. This sad accident cast a gloom over the whole
regiment, and it was felt that a serious loss had been sustained. During the winter the officers
of the regiment were ordered before an examining board, and to the credit of the regiment, the
great majority of them passed. During the latter part of the winter companies A, B, and K
were stationed on the opposite side of the river from Camp Piatt, for the better security of the
camp. On the 1st of May, 1S62, the regiment moved up the river to Gauley bridge, and was bri-
gaded with the Thirty-Sixth and Forty-Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, under Colonel George
Crook. The brigade moved to Lewisburg, and from there the Forty-Fourth and another regi-
ment penetrated as far as Dublin Depot, on the Jackson River Railroad, and destroyed a por-
tion of the track. Hearing that a large force of Rebels were endeavoring to intercept their
retreat, the two regiments withdrew to Lewisburg, where the enemy appeared on the 23d of May,
and was not only repulsed, but routed, leaving most of their dead and wounded to fall into the
hands of our troops, together with three pieces of artillery and many prisoners. The forces occu-
pied the place for a short time after the fight, and then fell back to Meadow Bluffs, where they
encamped until the middle of August, engaged in fortifying, scouting, and drilling. On the 15th
of August the regiment took up the line of march toward the Kanawha, halting a week at Camp
Ewing, and then falling back to Camp Tompkins. A force of six thousand Rebels was advanc-
ing against the four regiments in the valley ; and, on the 9th of September, the two regiments on
the right bank (the Forty-Fourth and another one) were attacked, and fell back on Gauley,
where a stand was made until the teams could be removed from danger, when the retreat began
in earnest. The Forty-Fourth marched in the rear all day and almost all night, covering the
retreating column until it reached Camp Piatt, where it was allowed a short respite. The
National forces fell back upon Charleston, and on the 13th the Rebels made the attack, and were
firmly met. Superior numbers finally forced the National lines back, but every inch of ground
was hotly contested. Our forces withdrew across a deep tributary of the Kanawha, and, with a
few blows of an ax, severed the hawsers that held the suspension bridge, and it fell with a crash
into the stream. The retreat now continued in safety to Racine, on the Ohio River, and from
that place the troops were taken by steamer to Point Pleasant. Transportation was procured,
and they were sent forward to Kentucky.



Forty- Fourth Ohio Infantry. 279

They encamped some time at Covington, watching the movements of Kirby Smith, and on
his retreat they pursued as far as Lexington, and were ordered into camp, and assigned to the
Second Brigade, Second Division, Army of Kentucky, commanded by General Gordon Granger.
Tlie regiment was actively engaged in scouting, taking in its field of operations Richmond and
Danville. On the 20th of December the regiment returned to Frankfort and was mounted, and
from that time until Burnside's advance into Tennessee there was but little rest for man or beast.
The men almost lived in the saddle. It was one continual advance and retreat, with almost con-
stant skirmishing. The regiment partook in the engagement of Dunstan's Hill, charging the
Rebels and contributing materially to their rout. The regiment was frequently engaged in chas-
ing John Morgan, with not very satisfactory results, as he generally proved the faster rider.

When General Burnside made his advance into Tennessee, in the fall and winter of 1863,
the regiment was dismounted, and accompanied him. It can claim equality with any other regi-
ment in all that took place on this expedition; and finally falling back upon Knoxville and
throwing up fortifications, it lay in the wet, chilly ditches day and night. When the Rebels
retreated the regiment pursued, and, on its return, went into camp at Strawberry Plains. On
the 1st of January, 1864, the proposal to re-enlist was made, accompanied by the promise that
they should be armed and mounted as cavalry. Before the 5th, out of six hundred men, five
hundred and fifty had re-enlisted. On the 7th they marched for Camp Nelson, Kentucky; on the
21st took cars for Cincinnati, where they arrived next day, and were quartered in the Fifth-
Street Bazaar, erected for the Sanitary Fair. Here they were obliged to wait until muster-out
and muster-in rolls could Ije made, which was at last accomplished, and the men were re-mus-
tered by the 29th, and started on a special train for Springfield. Their arrival was heralded by
the booming of cannon, and they were received with joyous shouts and enthusiastic greetings.

In a few days the men were paid and furloughed, and when they again re-assembled it was
under the name of the Eighth Ohio Cavalry, in the sketch of which organization their further
historv will be found.



In the sketch, a few pages back, of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment, it is casually mentioned that its
loss was much greater than that of the Forty-Fourth at the battle at Lewisburg. The inference must
not be drawn from this that the Forty-Fourth was less actively engaged. It was the impetuous
charge of the Forty-Fourth that captured the enemy's four-gun battery, threw his left back, and
thus began the repulse which really relieved the Thirty-Sixth from check. The guns and
prisoners were in the track of the Forty-Fourth.

In the next sketch, that of the Thirty-Seventh, the enemy is spoken of as maintaining a
respectful distance after the retreat across the Kanawha from Cotton Hill in September, 1862.
This is true, so far as the Thirty-Seventh is concerned; but it might convey a false impression
without the further statement here that Colonel Gilbert's brigade, including the Forty-Fourth
and Forty-Seventh Ohio, kept the enemy at a respectful distance, giving the Thirty-Seventh time
to move off, and also securing time for the passage of the immense train, thirteen miles in length.
Through that day and the next this brigade continued to skirmish with the enemy and cover the
retreat — a service always to be gratefully remembered.



280



Ohio in the War.



45th REGIMENT OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



BOSTER, THREE YEARS' SERVICE,



HANK.


NAME.


DATE OF BANK.


COM.


ISSIFD.


BEMABKS.




BENJ. P. Rl'NKLE


Aug. 14, 186?
Juno 1", Im'h
Aug. 10, 1862
Nov. 16, "
April 16, 1863
Oct. 12, I.s64
June 16, 18iio
\ug. 12, 1862
Nov. 16, "
April 16, "
Jan. 16, 186..
.lime 16, "
July 22, 1.-6-*

7, "
Aug. IS, "
March 11, 186.3

Oct. 9, 1862
June 1, 1*3
Nov. 18, 1864
Feb. 14, 1865
July y, 1862
Aug. 1, "
6, "
" 10, •'

11, "

U ]2i H

" 12, "

" 14, "

" 14, "

" 14, "

Oct. 24, "

Nov. 27, "

16, "

March 2, 1*63

April 16, "

Feb. 1, 1S64

1, "

July 13, "

13, "
Oct. 12, "

12, "
" 12, "

Feb. in, 1865

" 10, "

10, "

March 20, "

June 6, "

16, "
July 2, 1862

|| 3, ||

Aug. "l, "
" 6, "
" 10, "
" 11, "
" 12, "
" 14, "

14, "
" 14, "

iy, "

Oct. 5, "

24, "

24, "

Nov. 20, "

20, "

" 16, "

" 27, "

March 21, 1863

June 17, "

17. "
" 16, "

Feb. 1, 1864

1, "

1, "

" 1, "

" 1, "

July 13, "

13, "
13, "

" 13, "

Oct. 12, "
it j^ ..

12, "
12, "
12, "


Aug.
June
Oct.
Dec.
June
Oct.
June
Oct.
Dec.
June
Jan.
June
July

Aug.

March

Oct.

July

Nov.

Feb.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Juno
July
Fe h.

July

Oct.

Feb.

March
June

Oct.

Nov.
Dec.

June
Feb.

July
Oct.




00


JOHN H. HUMPHREY ...


16, 1865
1, 1862

4, "

10, 1863

12, 1864
16, 1865

1, 1862

14, "
2.3, 186.3
16, I860

16. ••

22, 1862

loj "

1 1 , 1863
9, 1862

10, 1-6.3
]s, 1864

15, 1865
1, 1862
1, "
1. "
1, "
1. "
1. "
1, "
1. "
1, "
1, "

13, "
4, "
4, "

10, 186.3
111, "
1 . 1 364
1, "
13, "
13, "

12, "
12, "

12, "
10, 1865
10, "
10, "
20, "

6, "

16, "
1, 1862
1. "
1, "
1, "
1. "
1, "
1, "
1, "
1. "
1, "
1, "
1. "

1.3, "

13, "
4, "
*, "
4, "
4, "
4, "

10, 186?
2", "
10, "
10, "
1, 1S64

1: ::
i, "
i, "

13, "
13, "
13, "
13, "
12, "
12, "
12, "
12, "
12, "








I),,




Resigned April 16, 1863.


Do




Do

Do


John 11. Humphrey

James ¥. Ji.nninus


Promoted to Colonel.

Mustered out with regiment as Major.


Do


George E. Ross,




Do




Do


James F. Jennings

Nelson G. Franklin

Thomas II. Kearney

Julius J. Sheldon

K. J. Hili




Do


Mustered ont with regiment as Captain.
Mustered out with regiment.
Resigued November 20, 1862.
Resigned November 6, 1864.
Mustered out with regiment.
Resigned May 2.5, 1863.
I; s -ned August 5, 1864.


Surgeon

Ass't Surgeon

Do.

Do.




Jacob V. Kosr

James Jackson

W. J. Peck


Do

Do


Do


John \V. Lewis


Mustered out with reciment.


Do




Promoted to Major.

Promoted to Major.

Honorably discharged Julv 20, 1864.

Honorably discharged January 4, 1S65.


Do




Do




Do




Do


Miles V. Payne


Do




Deceased.


Do






Do




Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel. [Tenn.
Deceased from wounds fee'd at Philadelphia,


Do


Comfort H. Stanley


Do


Do


Nelson G. Franklin


Promoted to Major. [Resaca, Ga.
[)i ceased May 13, '64, from wounds received at


Do




Do




Do




Must-red out with regiment.
Resigned April 22, 1864.


Do

Do


David Mitchell

Wm. McBetb


Do






Do


George W. Sparks




Do




Do


E. B. Crow


Resigned January 24, 1865.


Do


Wni II Allen


Do

Do


Wm. ML William? _

Joseph W. Wilshire

Alfred K. Rai ey


Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out as 2d Lieutenant May 15, 1865.

Mustered out with regiment.


Do

Do


Do






Do


David Davis

Charles W. F earns




.Bt Lieutenant
Do.


Resigned June 17, 186.3. [Knoxville, Tenn.

Declined pro. as Captain; killed in action at

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted to Captain.

Resigned November 20, 1S62.


Do.




Do.




Do.




Do.




Do.
Do.


John M. Ho'loway


Do.




Resigned October 5, 1862.
Resigned October 24. 1862.
Promoted to Captain.
Resigned November 20, 1S62.
Promoted to Captain.
Promoted to Captain.


Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.


Adam R. ElMjii

Andrew .1. Jordan

David Mitchell


Do.


Wm. McBeth


Do.




Do.






Do.
Do.


George W. Sparks


Pu.moted to Captain.


Do.
Do.




Promoted to Captain.
Resigned April 8, 1864.
Promoted to Captain and A. Q. M.




Do.
Do.


E B. Crow


Do.




Resigned April 5, 1864.


Do.


Win. H Allen


Do.




Resigned September 15, 1S64.
Mustered out Januaiy 16, 1865.


Do.
Do.


Richard H. Humphreys ....


Do.


Wm. M Williams




Do.
Do.

SS:

Do.


Archibald A. Stewart

Joseph W. Wilshire

Alfred K. Rarey


Resigned January 24, 1865.
Promoted to Captain.


Thomas W. Hodges


Promoted to Captain.


Do.
Do.
Do.


Frederick L. Dunning

Hamilton Greer


Promoted to Captain.
Mustered out with regim«nt.
designed May 22, 1865.


Do.




Mustered out with regiment.



Fokty-Fifth Ohio Infantey.



281



1st Lieutenant
Do.

ft:

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

2d Lieutenant
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.



James 51. Glover

Henry \V. Hitchcock .'..,

Philip E. Bush

Joseph A. Walker

Henry N. Bennett

Joseph H. James

Edward H. Reynolds

Stephen D. Pond

Jacob D. Amos

John P. Near

Jacob V. Conklin

Thomas H. B. Jones

David .Mitchell

David J. Jones

George W. Sparks

Joseph B. Smith

Joseph C. Fulton

Win. Gee

E. B. Crow

Win. McBeth

Orlando E. Lemon

Benj. B. Wilson „

Erastus F. Smith

Ezra S. Kimber _

Wm.H. Allen

James T. Lake

Robert Young

Samuel E. Allmau

Hugh O'Harra

Richard II. Humphreys....

Wm. M. Williams

Almond Bradford

loseph W. Wilshire

Archibald A. Stewart

Charles S. Myers

Beni. F. Miller

Alfred K. Rarey

lohn A. Pickering

Frederick L. Dunning

Hamilton Greer

Thomas W. Hodges

Robert L. Mclvean

Alex. G. Henderson

James H. Glover

Henrv \V. Hitchcock

Philip E. Bush

Joseph H. James

Edward II. Reynolds

tephen D. Pond

Jacob D. Amos

Joseph C. Evart

Lyman Means

Cyrus L. Holmes

James McMillen

Benj. F. Humphrey

Stephen L. Dow

Daniel D. Bowman

Herman L. Holmes

Thomas Groves

Alonzo Grafton



DATE OF RANK



March


30


May


11


June


6,


•'


fi


"


6


July


28


**


2>


Aug.


1,



April

March

June

April

June

Feb.

Nov.

Feb.



Nov.
May

Sept.
Nov.



March
June



Mi

S,
21,

5.
24,
24,
20,
20,
lfi,
27,
20,

«, :

2,

14,
IS,
17,
18, 1
13, !
18, 1
18,
18,
13, 1
23, 1
8,
2fi,
26,
26,
II), !
10,
10,
20,
16,
16,
16,
16,
16,
16,
lfi,
16,
16,
lfi,



COM. ISSUED.



10,

" 10,

10,

March 20,

May 11,

June 6,



Oct.



June
July



Feb.



March
May

Sept.

Nov.



Feb.



1,

1,

1,

1,

1,
13,
13,
13,
13,

4,

4,

4,

4,

4,
31,
lo,
10,
10,

lo,

1",

IS, I

8,
18,
lo,
IS,

1,

23,
8,
26,
26,



10,

1M,
10,

March 20,
June lfi,
lfi,
'fi,



ISfio Mustered out with regiment as Adjutant.
" Mustered out with regiment.
" Mustered out with regiment.
" Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment.

Mustered out with regiment as R. Q. M.

Mustered out with regiment.



Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Resigned October 5, I8fi2.
Resigned October 24, 1862.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Resigned July 4, ISI'3.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Resigned April 8, 1664.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Discharged August ly, lsfi3.
Declined.

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Resigned June 14, 1863.
Promnted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Resigned February 12, 1664.
Killed June 29, 1864.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
1



Mustered out with regiment as Sergeants.



282 Ohio in the War.



FORTY-FIFTH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.



THE FORTY-FIFTH REGIMENT was organized at Camp Chase in August,
1SG2, and mustered into the United States service on the 19th of that month.
The day following its muster-in the regiment was in Kentucky, having been ordered
to Cynthiana in that State, where it remained until the advance of General Kirby Smith, after
his success at Richmond, compelled it, with the Ninety-Ninth Ohio, to fall back to Covington.

Having participated in the defense of Cincinnati the regiment, in October, advanced to Lex-
ington, reconstructing several of the bridges on the Kentucky Central Railroad. It remained in
Lexington until the 25th of January, 1S63, when it was ordered to Danville. While in Lex-
ington the Forty-Fifth was brigaded with the Eighteenth and Twenty-Second Michigan Regiments,
and One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois, under the command of General Green Clay Smith.

About the middle of February the regiment w r as mounted at Danville, and brigaded with the
Seventh Ohio and Tenth Kentucky Regiments of Cavalry, all under the command of Colonel
Runkle. During the end of February and early part of March the regiment performed much
arduous service in pursuit of a body of Rebel cavalry, under command of Colonel Cluke, in
the region lying between Crab Orchard and Mount Sterling; and atDutton's Hill, near Somerset,
on the 30th of March, a part of the regiment was engaged, for the first time, in the action between
the force under General Gillmore and the command of the Rebel General Pegram. In this
affair the Forty-Fifth had one man mortally wounded.

From this time until the beginning of July following the regiment was stationed at Somerset,
or in that neighboroood, picketing the line of the Cumberland River, and occasionally reeon-
noitering beyond. These reconnoissances sometimes resulted in skirmishes with the enemy ; and
in one at Captain West's, between Mill Springs and Monticello, the regiment lost two men killed
and several wounded — two of the latter mortally.

On the evening of the 4th of July, 18G3, the Forty-Fifth, with Wolford's and the Second Ohio
Cavalry, left Jamestown, Kentucky, John Morgan, with his command, having crossed the Cum-
Derland at Burkesville. It constituted a portion of the force under General Hobson which
pursued the Rebels in the raid from the Cumberland to the Ohio at Brandenburg, and thence
through Indiana and Ohio to Cheshire, where a part of the enemy surrendered on the 20th
of July. On that occasion, this regiment being in the advance and pushing the enemy hotly, it
had one man mortally and a few others slightly wounded.

Returning to Camp Nelson, Kentucky, toward the end of July, the Forty-Fifth took part in
the pursuit of Colonel Scott's force, which had advanced as far as Winchester in that State.

Upon the organization of General Burnside's army in Kentucky, during the month of
August, 1863, the Forty-Fifth was included in Byrd's brigade of General Carter's division, with
the First Tennessee and One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois Mounted Infantry, and the Eighth
Michigan Cavalry. On the 1st of September the army entered Kingston, East Tennessee, and
next day the Forty-Fifth was detached and sent to Loudon. It was there ferried across the Ten-
nessee River in advance of all other portions of the army, and was soon after transferred to the
cavalry brigade of Colonel Wolford. This brigade, with that of Colonel Byrd, constituting the
extreme right of General Burnside's army, occupied the region between Loudon and Charleston,
on the Hiawassee River, for some weeks; but after the battle of Chickamauga, in September, the
possession of it was disputed by the enemy's cavalry. On the 20th of October Wolford's brigade,
then stationed at Philadelphia, was surprised, its direct retreat cut off, and completely routed,



Forty-Fifth Ohio Infantry. 283

with the loss of all its trains, a battery of artillery, and many prisoners. In this affair the
Forty-Fifth had three men killed, four mortally wounded, one of whom was an officer, and more
than one hundred men captured.

On the 15th of the following month, as the mounted division of General Saunders, to which
the Forty-Fifth belonged, was falling back before the enemy's cavalry, the regiment was dis-
mounted and left without any immediate support, while its horses were led to the rear. Being
suddenly overpowered by a very spirited attack, and thrown into disorder, one hundred men and
officers were taken prisoners, five killed, and several wounded.

After the battle of Campbell's Station General Burnside retired to the defenses of Knoxville
with the skeleton Ninth Corps and some raw troops, which afterward constituted a part of the
Twenty-Third Corps. On the night of the 16th the mounted division was moved across the
river, and next day commenced skirmishing with Longstreet's advance in front of Knoxville.
On the following day, November 18th, Saunders's division was hotly engaged, and toward even-
ing driven from the breastworks of rails by which it was partially protected.' It was at this



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