Wilbur Clinton Knight.

The birds of Wyoming online

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478. Cyanocitta stelleri (Gmkl.).
Steller's Jay.
Rare or accidental. The only possible record of this
bird being taken in Wyoming comes from the National Muse-

Digitized by


160 Wyoming Experiment Station,

um. Their No. 62243 reads "taken at Shoshone lake by Dr.
C. Hart Merriam."

478 b. Cyanocitta stelleri diademata (Bonap.).
Long-cre8ted Jay.

Owing to the numerous references to the Long-crested
Jay, by all of the early and some of the recent collectors, I
place it conditionally among the Wyoming birds. If it belongs
to Wyoming it will be found only along the southern boundary
of the state.

487. Corvus cr3rptoleucus Couch.
White-necked Raven.
Rare, so far as known. The Wyoming record is based
upon the observation of C. E. Aiken (Am. Nat., VII, 1873, 16)
Cheyenne, Wyo. He also states in his article in Pr. Bost. Soc.,
1872, 203, "Very common along the base of the mountains."
No other collector has found this raven in the state.

509. Scolecophagus carolinus (Mull.).
Rusty Blackbird.
It is with some hesitancy that I place this among the Wyo-
ming birds. Yet the data seem unquestionable and come from
high authority. Dr. Brewer in his communication to Boston
Society of Natural History, 1872, p. 193, which was data se-
cured by Holden and Aiken in the vicinity of Sherman, has
the following note: "The character of the region of Sher-
man, which is 8,000 feet above the sea level, is dreary in the
extreme. It consists of several level plateau3, interspersed, with
canons and meadows. I found no birds plentiful with the ex-
ception of the Rusty Blackbird, and it was difficult to obtain
more than four or five specimens in a day." It is evident that
this was written by either Holden or Aiken. It is strange that
no other collector has ever taken this species in the state, and it
must be considered very rare.

Digitized by


The Birds of Wyoming. 161

563 a. Spizella pusilla arenacea Chadb.
Western Field Sparrow.
Practically nothing is known of this variety in Wyoming,
The only record is one from Dr. Allen (Bull. Mus. Comp.
Zool., Ill, 1872, 145) in which he notes taking this bird at

585 c. Passerella iliaca schistacea (Baird.).

Slate-colored Sparrow. '

Probably a summer resident; but nothing is known of
this variety in Wyoming except the data obtained by Drexel,
and he remarked that they were common. It is quite probable
ithat this variety is common in the western part of the state
and seldom if ever reaches the eastern boundary.

683. Icteria virens (Linn.).
Yellow-breasted Chat.

Allen reported this species from Cheyenne, Mus. Comp.
Zool., III., 1872. This bird is not known to occur in the state
and possibly it may refer to 683a.

733 a. Parus inomatus griseus Ridgw.
Gray Titmouse.

The Wyoming record rests upon the report of Aiken. He
notes it as a "common winter resident, gregarious during the
first part of the winter, but since January seen only singly or
in pairs."

Digitized by



Through some unaccounted for mistake three species as
given below were omitted from the regular list, and are in-
cluded here.

S59. Tringa maculata Vieill.
Pectoral Sandpiper.
Migratory and rare. It has been taken by Jesurun at
X)ouglas and once upon the Laramie Plains. The latter speci-
men is in the University collection and was taken at Seven
Mile Lake in November, 1897.

-347 a. Archibuteo lagopus sancti-johannis (Gmel.).
American Rougli-legged Hawlc.
Migratory and rather common. This species may be a
^winter resident. Hayden reported this bird from Fort Laramie,
i860. Jesurun has taken them at Douglas and Bond at Chey-
'€nne. Grinnell notes that it is not common in the vicinity of
Lake Como. Allen reports it abundant in Carbon county in
winter. Grinnell also reports it from the Yellowstone Park.
There is one specimen in the University collection that was
taken on the Laramie Plains during the fall of 1897. Its stom-
ach contained portions of a rabbit.

Although this is a large, powerful hawk, it seldom attacks birds
'of any kind. In the fall of the year it feeds chiefly upon ro-
•dents in this state, and is especially fond of ground squirrels,
rabbits and mice.

^348. Archibuteo ferrugineus (Licht.).
Ferruginous Rougli-leg.

Summer resident and common. This is one of the most
Araluable hawks known to this state. They feed almost entirely

Digitized by


The Birds of Wyoming. 163

upon various kinds of ground squirrels and young prairie dogs.
In nesting they select a place near water and build upon inac-
cessible pinnacles of rock or in the tops of scrubby pine trees^
Their nests are usually built of small sticks and lined with'
grass. In the valley of Sand Creek, twenty miles south-west of
Laramie, there is a nest built upon a pillar of sandstone that is-
twenty-five or thirty feet above the ground. The nest stands,
over four feet high and is three feet across at its base. This,
has been occupied for many years by this species of hawk and:
each season they add a little to its height.

Jesurun reports them common at Douglas and Bond the-
same at Cheyenne. Williston reports them from Lake Come.
I have taken them in the Big Horn Basin, Buffalo, Sundance^
Chugwater and on the Laramie Plains. There are two skins in
the collection and two nests of eggs. One was secured on Aprit
30th and the other on May 9th.

Total number of species and varieties of birds known to-
have been taken in Wyoming up to date, 288.


Inadvertently I omitted to include the name of Mr. Merritt
Cary among those who have furnished valuable notes for this^
bulletin, under "Acknowledgments," and take this opportunity
to thank him for his list that was taken at Newcastle.

I also take pleasure in thanking Dr. A. K. Fisher of the
Department of Agriculture for valuable suggestions and aid
while this bulletin has been passing through the press.

Digitized by



Since there are so few people in Wyoming that are ac-
quainted with our laws protecting birds, and making an open
season for those that are justly entitled to be called "game
birds," I have included these laws in this bulletin, hoping that
they may have a greater support and a wider recognition.


(Chapter 37, Session Laws of 1901.)
Section i. Any person who shall, within the State of Wy-
oming, kill or catch or have in his possession, living or dead,
any wild bird other than a game bird, or who shall purchase,
offer, or expose for sale any such wild bird after it has been
killed or caught, shall for each offense, be subject to a fine of
not more than five dollars for each such bird killed or caught, or
had in possession living or dead, or imprisonment for not more
than ten days, or both, at the discretion of the court. For the
purposes of this act the following only shall be considered game
birds: The Anatidae, commonly known as Swans, Geese,
Brant and River and Lake Ducks; the Rallidae, commonly
known as Rails, Coots and Mud-hens ; the Limicolae, common-
ly known as Shore-birds, Plovers, Snipe, Sandpipers, Tatlers,
Willets, Curlews, Godwits and Avocets ; the Gallinae, common-
ly known as Grouse, Prairie Chickens, Pheasants, Sagehens,
Partridges and Quails.

Sec. 2. Any person who shall, within the State of Wyo-
ming, take or needlessly destroy the nest or the eggs of any wild
bird, or shall have such nest or eggs in his or her possession,
shall be subject for each offense to a fine of not more than five
dollars, or imprisonment for not more than ten days, or both, at
the discretion of the court.

Sec. 3. Sections i and 2 of this act shall not apply to any
person holding a certificate giving the right to take birds, their

Digitized by


The Birds of Wyoming. 166

nests and eggs, for scientific purposes, as provided for in Sec-
tion 4 of this act.

Sec. 4. Certificates may be granted by the superintendent
of public instruction to any properly accredited person of the
age of fifteen years or upwards, permitting the holder thereof
to collect birds, their nests or eggs, for strictly scientific pur-
poses only. No such certificate shall be issued until the appli-
cant therefor shall have filed with the said superintendent of
public instruction written testimonials from two well known
scientific men or educators, certifying to the good character and
fitness of said applicant to be entrusted with such privilege.
Said applicant must file with said persons or officers a properly
executed bond, in the sum of two hundred dollars, signed by
two responsible citizens of the state as sureties. This bond shall
be forfeited to the state, and the certificate become void, upon
proof that the holder of such certificate has killed any birds or
taken the nest or eggs of any bird, for other than the purposes
named in Sections 3 and 4 of this act, and shall be further sub-
ject for each offense to the penalties provided therefor in Sec-
tions I and 2 of this act.

Sec. 5. The certificate authorized by this act shall be in
force for one year only from the date of their issue, and shall
not be transferable.

Sec. 6. The English or European House Sparrow (Passer
domesticus) and M(agpies are not included among the birds
protected by this act.


No person shall kill, net or trap within this state, except as
hereinafter provided, any snipe, green shank, tatler, godwit,
curlew, avocet, or other wader or plover, nor quail, lark, whip-
poorwill, finch, thrush, snowbird, turkey buzzard, robin or other
insectivorous birds, except that partridges, pheasant, prairie
chicken, prairie hen or grouse may be shot from August fif-
teenth to December first of each year, and sage chickens may be
shot from July fifteenth to October fifteenth of each year ; and

Digitized by


166 Wyoming Experiment Station,

if at any time any person shall be found in possession of any
partridge, pheasant, prairie hen, prairie chicken or grouse, or
sage chicken at any other time than between the dates above
mentioned, or any other of the fowls or birds mentioned in this
section, except in the season, it shall be prima facie evidence
that the same was killed, netted, ensnared or trapped by such
person in violation of the provisions of law. Provided, That
snipe, green shank, tatler, godwit, curlew, avocet, or other
wader or plover, may be shot from the first day of September to
the first day of May, in each year; Provided, also, That this
section shall not be construed to prohibit any person from im-
porting or dealing in quail, partridge, prairie chicken, prairie
hen, pheasant or grouse imported into this state from any other
state or territory, said person to furnish proof that such game
birds were killed out of this state. Any person who shall vio-
late any of the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in
any sum not less than ten, nor more than fifty dollars, together
with costs of suit, and shall be prosecuted and punished in the
same manner as in other cases of misdemeanor. — (Section 2105,
Revised Statutes.)

No person or persons shall ensnare, net or trap within this
state any wild duck, wild goose, or wild swan at any time. Any
person or persons who shall violate the provisions of this sec-
tion shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon convic-
tion thereof shall be fined not less than twenty nor more than
fifty dollars for each duck, goose or swan so ensnared, netted or
trapped. There shall be established from the first day of Sep-
tember until the first day of May, an open season in which
ducks, brant or geese may be shot, killed or taken by means of
gun shot, but nothing but shoulder guns may be used at any
time. And it shall be unlawful to kill any of the above men-
tioned water fowls by any other means, or during any other
period, than above specified ; Provided, That it shall be unlaw-
ful for any person or persons to kill any wild swan in the state
of Wyoming. Any person or persons who shall violate the pro-
visions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than ten nor
more than twenty-five dollars for each offense, and may be im-
prisoned in the county jail for not more than sixty days. —
(Section 2106, Revised Statutes.)

Digitized by


7. CI8T0TH0RUS PALU8TRI8 PLE8IU8. Western Marsh Wren.
8ALPINCTE8 0BS0LETU8. Rock Wren.

Digitized by



Digitized by



Acanthis linaria, 122.
Accipiter, 61-62.

atricapillus, 62.

cooperl, 61.

velox, 60.
iBclimophorus occidentalis, 25.
.^:gialitis, 52-53.

meloda circumcincta, 53.

montana, 53.

nivosa, 53.

semipalmata, 53.

vocifera, 52.
Aeronautes melanoleucus, 96.
Agelaius phcenlceus, 114.
Aix sponsa, 34.
Ammodramus, 127.

sandwichensis alaudinus, 127.

sandwichensis savanna, 127.
Amp^lis cedrorum, 141.

garrulus, 141.
Amphispiza belli nevadensls, 134.
Anas boschas, 31.
i Anser albifrons gambell, 39.
I Anthus, 149.

pensilvanlcus, 149.

spragueil, 150.
Aphelocoma woodhouseii, 107.
Aquila chrysaetos, 68.
Archibuteo, 162.

lagopus sancti-johannis, 162.

ferrugineus, 162.
Ardea, 41-42.

candidissima, 41.

herodias, 42.
Ardetta exllis, 42.
Aslo, 79-80.

acclpitrinus, 80.

wllsonianus, 79.
Astragallnus, 123.

psaltria, 123.

tristls pallidus, 123.
> Avocet, 45.

American, 45.

Aythya, 34-35.

americana, 34.
affinis, 35.
collaris, 35.
marila, 35.
vallisneria, 35.


Bartramia longicauda, 51.

Birds, relation to agriculture, 8-23.

Bittern, 41-42.

American, 41.

Least, 42.
Blackbird, 113, 114, 116, 160.

Brewer's, 116.

Red-winged, 114.

Rusty, 160.

Yellow-headed, 113.
Bluebird, 158.

Chestnut-backed, 158.

Mountain, 158.
Bobolink, 110.
Bonasa umbellus togata, 55.

umbellus umbelloides, 55.
Botaurus lentiginosus, 41.
Branta canadensis, 39.

canadensis hutchinsii, 39. .
Bubo virginianus arcticus, 83.

virginianus pallescens, 82.
Bunting, 137.

Lark, 137.

Lazuli, 137.
Bush-tit, 156.

Lead-colored, 156.
Buteo borealis calurus, 64.

borealis kriderii, 64.

swainsoni, 65.

Calamospiza melanocorys, 137.
Calcarius lapponicus alascensis, 125.

omatus, 126.
Calidris arenaria, 49.

Digitized by




Carpodacus cassini, 119.

mexicanus frontalis, 119.
Catbird, 152.
Gathartes aura, 58.

Catherpes mexicanus conspersus, 15S.
Centrocercus urophasianus, 57.
Certhia familiaris montana, 154.
Ceryle alcyon, 87.
Gharadrius dominicus, 52.

squatarola, 52.
Charitonetta albeola, 36.
Chat, 148, 161.

Long-tailed, 148.

Yellow-breasted, 161.
Chaulelasmus streperus, 31.
Chen hyperborea, 39.
Chickadee, 155.

Long-tailed, 155.

Mountain, 155.
Chondestes grammacus strlgatus, 127.
Chordeiles virginianus henryi, 96.
Cinclus mexicanus, 150.
Circus hudsonius, 58.
Cistothorus palustris, 154.

palustris plesius, 154.

stellaris, 154.
Clangula clangula americana, 36.
Coccothraustes vespertinus montanus,

Coccyzus erythrophthalmus, 86.
Golaptes auratus luteus, 92.

cafer collaris, 94.
Colymbus holbcBllii, 25.

nigricoUis calif omicus, 25.
Compsothlypis americana, 146.
Contopus borealis, 101.

richardsonii, 101.
Coot, 43.

American, 44.
Cormorant, 28.

Double-crested, 28.
Corvus, 108, 109, 160.

americanus, 109.

corax sinuatus, 108.

cryptoleucus, 160.
Cowbird, 111.
Crane, 43.

Little Brown, 43.

Sandhill. 43.

Whooping, 159.
Creeper, 154.

Rocky Mountain, 154.

Crossbill, 119, 120.

Bendire's, 119.

White-winged, 120.
Crow, 109.

Crymophilus fulicarius, 44.
Cuckoo, 86.

Black-billed, 86.
Curlew, 51.

Long-billed, 51.
Cyanocephalus cyanocephalus, 110.
Cyanocitta stelleri, 159.

stelleri annectens, 106.

stelleri diademata, 160.
Cyanospiza amcena, 137.


Dafila acuta, 33.
Dendragapus, 54.

obscurus, 54.

obscurus richardsonii, 54.
Dendroica, 146, 147.

sestiva, 146.

auduboni, 147.

coronata, 146.

pensylvanica, 147.

striata, 147.

townsendi, 147.
Dipper, 150.

Dolichonyx oryzivorus, 110.
Dove, 57.

Mourning, 57.
Dowitcher, 46.

Long-billed, 46.
Dryobates, 88.

pubescens homorus, 89.

villosus hyloscopus, 88.

villosus monticola, 88.
Duck, 32-36.

American Scaup, 35.

Baldpate, 32.

Blue-winged Teal, 32.

Buffle-head, 36.

Canvas-back, 35.

Cinnamon Teal, 33.

Gadwall, 31.

Green-winged Teal, 32.

Lesser Scaup, 35.

Mallard, 31.
• Pintail, 33.

Redhead, 34.

Ring-necked, 35.

Digitized by





Ruddy, 37.
Shoveller, 33.
Wood, 34.


ESagle, 68.

Bald, 71.

Golden, 68.
ESctopistes migratorlus, 67.
ESmpidonax, 102, 103, 159.

dlfficilis, 102.

hammondi, 102.

minimus, 102.

trailii, 102.

virescens, 159.

wrightii, 103.
Breunetes pusillus, 48..
Brismatura rubida, 37.


Falco, 73-78.

columbarius, 74.

mexicanus, 73.

peregrinus anatum, 74.

richardsonii, 75.

sparverius, 76.

sparverius desertlcolu8> 78.
Falcon, 73.

Prairie, 73.
Feet, some curious, 24.
Finch, 119.

Cassin's Purple, 119.

House, 119.
First primaries, 29.
Flicker, 92.

Northern, 92.

Red-shafted, 94.
Flycatcher, 99-103, 159.

Ash-throated, 99.

Crested, 99.

Green-crested, 159.

Hammond's, 102.

Least, 102.

Olive-sided, 101.

Train's, 102.

Western, 102.

Wright's, 103.
Fulica americana, 44.

Galeoscoptes carolinensis, 152.
Gallinago delicata, 46.

Gavia imber, 26.

Geothlypis, 148.

tolmiei, 148.

trichas occidentalis, 148.
Glaucionetta islandica, 36.
Golden-eye, 36.
American, 36.
Barrow's, 36.
Goldfinch, 123.

Arkansas, 123.
Western, 123.
Godwit, 49.

Marbled, 49.
Goose, 39.

American White-fronted, 39.
Canada, 39.
Hutchin's, 39.
Lesser Snow, 39.
Goshawk, 62.

American, 62.
Grackle, 118.

Bronzed, 118.
Grebe, 25-26.

American Bared, 25.
HolboBll's, 25.
Pied-billed, 26.
Western, 25.
Grosbeak, 118, 136.
Black-headed, 136.
Rocky Moutain Pine, 118.
Western Evening, 118.
Grouse, 54-56.

Canadian Ruffed, 55.
Columbian Sharp-tailed, 56.
Dusky, 54.
Gray Ruffed, 55.
Prairie Sharp-tailed, 56.
Richardson's, 54.
Sage, 57.
Grus, 43, 159.

americana, 159.
canadensis, 43.
mexicana, 43.
Gull, 27.

American Herring, 27.
Bonaparte's, 27.
Ring-billed, 27.


Haliseetus leucocephalus, 71.
Hawk, 58-78.

American Rough-legged, 162.

American Sparrow, 76.

Digitized by






Cooper's, 61.

Desert Sparrow, 78.

Duck, 74.

Ferruginous Rough-legged, 162.

Krider's, 64.

Marsh, 58.

Pigeon, 74.

Sharp-shinned, 60.

Swainson's, 65.

Western Red-tail, 64.
Helminthophila, 144-146.

celata, 145.

celata lutescens, 145.

peregrina, 146.

rubricapilla, 145.

virginise, 144.
Helodromas solitarlus, 50.
Heron, 41-43.

Black-crowned Night, 43.

Great Blue, 42.

Snowy, 41.
Hirundo erythrogastra, 139.
Hummingbird, 97.

Broad-tailed, 97.

Rufous, 97.
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis, 28.
Hylocichla, 157.

fuscescens salicicola, 157.

guttata, 157.

guttata auduboni, 157.

ustulata swainsonii, 157.
Hypothetical List, 161.


Ibis, 40.

White-faced Glossy, 40.
Icteria virens longicauda, 148.
Icterus, 116, 148.

bullocki, 116.

virens, 161.


Jay, 106, 107, 110, 159.

Black-headed, 106.

Long-crested, 106, 161.

Pinon, 110.

Rocky Mountain, 107.

Steller's, 159.

Woodhouse's, 107.
Junco, 131-133.

aikeni, 131.

caniceps, 133.


hyemalis, 132.

hyemalis connectens, 132.

mearnsi, 133.

montana, 133.
Junco, 131-133.

Gray-headed, 133.

Intermediate, 132.

Montana, 133.

Pink-sided, 133.

Slate-colored, 132.

White-winged, 131.


Killdeer, 52.
Kingbird, 98.

Arkansas, 98.

Cassin's, 99.
Kingfisher, 87.

Belted, 87.
Kinglet, 156.

Golden-crowned, 156.

Ruby-crowned, 156.
Kittiwake, 27.


Lagopus leucurus altipetens, 55.
Lanius, 141, 143.

borealis, 141.

ludovicianus excubitorides, 143.
Lark, 103.

Desert Horned, 103.

Pallid Horned, 159.
Larus, 27.

argentatus smithsonianus, 27.

delawarensis, 27.

Philadelphia, 27.
Leucosticte, 120-122.

atrata, 122.

tephrocotis, 120.

tephrocotis littoralis, 122.
Leucosticte, 1?0-122.

Black, 122.

Gray-crowned, 120.

Hepburn's, 122.
Limosa fedoa, 49.
Longspur, 125.

Alaskan, 125.

Chestnut-collared, 126.

McCown's, 126.
Loon, 26.
Lophodytes cucullatus, 31.

Digitized by




Loxia, 119-120.

curvirostra bendirei, 119.
leucoptera, 120.

Macrorhampus scolopaceus, 46.
Magpie, 104.
Mareca americana, 32.
Martin, 138.

Purple, 138.
Meadowlark, 115.

Western, 115.
Megascops asio maxwellise, 82.
Melaner^^es, 91.

erythrocephalus, 91.

torquatus, 91.
Melospiza, 134.

cinera montana, 134.

lincolnii, 134.
Merganser, 30, 31.

americanus, 30.

serrator, 31.
Merganser, 31.

American, 30.

Hooded, 31.

Red-breasted, 31.
Merlin, 75.

Richardson's, 75.
Merula, 157. 158.

migratorla, 157.

migratoria propinqua, 158.
Micropalama himantopus, 4^.
Mimus polyglottos, 151.
Mniotilta varia, 144.
Mockingbird, 151.
Molothrus ater. 111.
Myadestes townsendii, 156.
Myiarchus, 99.

cinerascens, 99.

crinitus, 99.



Nettion carolinensis,
Nighthawk, 96.

Western, 96.
Nucifraga columbiana, 109.
Numenius longirostris, 51.
Nutcracker, 109.

Clark's, 10^.
Nuthatch, 155.

Pygmy, 155.

Red-breasted, 155.

Slender-billed, 154.

Nyctala acadica, 81.

Nyctea nyctea, 83.

Nycticorax nycticorax nsBvius, 43.

Oidemia, 37.

americana, 37.

deglandi, 37.

perspicillata, 37.
Olbiorchilus hiemalis pacificus, 153.
Olor, 40.

buccinator, 40.

columbianus, 40.
Oreospiza chlorura, 136.
Oriole, 116.

Bullock's, 116.
Oroscoptes montanus, 151.
Osprey, 78.
Otocoris, 103, 159.

alpestris arenicola, 103.

alpestris leucolsBma, 159.
Owl, 79-82.

American Long-eared, 79.

Arctic Horned, 83.

Burrowing, 84.

Great Gray, 81.

Rocky Mountain Screech, 82.

Saw-whet, 81.

Short-eared, 80.

Snowy, 83.

Western Horned, 82.

Pandion haliaetus carolinensis, 78.
Parus, 155, 161.

atricapillus septentrionalis, 155.

gambeli, 155.

inornatus griseus, 161.
Passer domesticus, 124.
Passerella iliaca schistacea, 161.
Passerina nivalis, 125.
Pedioecetes, 56.

phasianellus campestris, 56.

phasianellus columbianus, 56.
Pelecanus, 30.

erythrorhynchos, 30.

occldentalis, 30.
Pelican, 30.

American White, 30.

Brown, 30.
Perisoreus canadensis capitalis, 107.

Digitized by




Petrochelidon lunifrons, 138.
Pewee, 101.

Western Wood, 101.
Phalacrocorax, 28.

carbo, 28.

dilophus, 28.
Phalsenoptilus nuttallii, 95.
Phalarope, 44.

Northern, 46.

Red, 44.

Wilson's, 45.
Phalaropus, 45.

lobatus, 45.

tricolor, 45.
Phoebe, 99.

Say's, 100.
Pica pica hudsonica, 104.
Picoides, 89.

americanus dorsalis, 89.

arcticus, 89.
Pigeon, 57.

Passenger, 57.
Pinicola enucleator montana, 118.
Pipilo, 135.

maculatus arcticus, 135.

maculatus megalonjrx, 135.
Pipit, 149.

Sprague's, 150.
Piranga, 137, 138.

erythromelas, 138.

ludoviciana, 137.
Plegadis guarauna, 40.
Plover, 52-53.

American Grolden, 52.

Belted Piping, 53.

Black-bellied. 52.

Mountain, 53.

Semipalmated, 53.

Snowy, 53.
Podilymbus podiceps, 26.
PocBcetes gramineus confinis, 126.
Poor-will, 95.
Porzana Carolina, 43.
Progne subis, 138.
Psaltriparus plumbeus, 156.
Ptarmigan, 55.

Southern White-tailed, 55.
Publications, List of, 3, 4, 6.

Querquedula, 32.
cyanoptera, 33.
discors, 32.

Quiscalus quiscula seneus, 118.

Rail, 159.

Virginia, 159.
Rallus virginianus, 159.
Raven, 108.

White-necked, 160.
Recurvirostra americana, 45.
Redpoll, 122.
Redstart, 149.
Regulus, 156.

calendula, 156.

satrapa, 156
Rhynchophanes mccownii 126.
Riparia riparia, 140.
Rissa tridactyla, 27.
Robin, 157.

Western, 158.
Rostral Variations, 38.


Salpinctes, obsoletus, 152.
Sanderling, 49.
Sandpiper, 47-51.

Baird's, 47.

Bartramian, 51.

Least, 48.

Pectoral, 162.

Semii^lmated, 48.

Solitary, 50.

Spotted, 51.

Stilt, 47.
Sapsucker, 90.

Red-naped, 90.

Williamson's, 90.

Yellow-bellied, 90.
Sayornis, 99-100.

phoebe, 99.

say a, 100.
Scolecophagus carolinus, 160.

cyanocephalus, 116.
Scoter, 37.

American, 37.

Surf, 37.

White-winged, 37.
Scotiaptex cinerea, 81.
Seiurus noveboracensis notabilis, 147.
Selasphorus, 97.

platycercus, 97.

rufus, 97.
Setophaga ruticilla, 149.

Digitized by




Shrike, 141-143.

Northern, 141.

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Online LibraryWilbur Clinton KnightThe birds of Wyoming → online text (page 13 of 14)