Wildlife United States. Congress. House. Committee on Resou.

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation : oversight hearing before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans of the Committee on Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, second session, on the effectiveness of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and projects th online

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Online LibraryWildlife United States. Congress. House. Committee on ResouNational Fish and Wildlife Foundation : oversight hearing before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans of the Committee on Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, second session, on the effectiveness of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and projects th → online text (page 9 of 11)
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were not naturally anchored in any way. The lack of large scale movement during the
high water in February is evidence that many of the pieces of wood "settled in" during
the eariy winter storms A high proportion of the total number of the placed woody
debris pieces had some degree of shifting. Over the course of the first winter 28% of
the pieces of wood realigned either in the November or February high flow events.

Another observation was that those pieces of wood that are above the active
channel of the stream are not providing habitat for salmonids. Although all wood was
initially placed with at least some portion of it contacting the active channel, the flooding
actually caused some pieces to be scoured under to a point that they are no longer
contained within the active channel. This wood will continue to function, however,
during future high flow events.

Off channel habitats

Of the 25 off channel ponds observed, only 58% were functioning as planned
after the February flooding. These functioning alcoves had adequate flows for fish
passage, fish were observed using the areas, and sedimentation was minimal (Table 3,
Figures). Many of these fijnctioning off channel areas have tnbutary or large spring
inputs, and are located away from the main channel far enough so as to prevent »
significant flooding from the main stream during winter storms. Seven off channel
excavations failed in the February floods. These areas are currently either not allowing
fish passage, are filled with sediment, or are now part of the main stream channel.
Four off channel areas have questionable access, or fish use.



Boulder berrns

No movement of the five boulder berms on Bewley Cr. and Klootchie Cr were
observed. Little change also occurred to these areas The areas are cun-ently
providing dammed pool habitat, but cover and complexity is generally lacking in these

Fish Monitoring

Data is being collected now - preliminary analysis show higher rearing populations
within enhanced areas compared to untreated sections of the same streams. A pair
wise comparison (non-parametnc) of treated and untreated stream segments shows
significantly higher rearing populations of coho salmon (P1 active
channel width) it was impossible detect patterns as to why these trees moved.

I would urge caution in using the fact that many trees did not move as a reason
to put trees into the stream that are less than 20 in. diameter, oi less than twice the
average active channel width of the stream. Many of the trees placed into the streams
in 1995 were between 1 5 times and 2 times the average active channel width of the
stream, and many were in the 16"-20"dbh range. The minimal size of the trees placed
into the streams, coupled with the fact that they only experienced a five year event
leads me to believe that many more trees would have moved in a higher event

The data on multiple piece sites and single piece sites deariy points to the
multiple piece sites as more effective in providing the attributes of scour, damming,
cover, secondary channels, and debris entrapment. Although this is the case, I would
urge caution in making all of the placement sites in the future multiple piece sites. After
viewing the sites, it was apparent that a mixture of sizes of wood, along with a mixture
in the number of pieces used at each site would create a more natural looking stream,
and a more effective project.

Off channel

Although the constructed off channel areas were observed in this survey, a
more effective means of evaluating these areas would be to sample the areas for fish
presence/absence in the eariy spring (late February to late March), as well as observing
the areas for adequate juvenile passage out of the areas in late spring. After this
monitoring, changes can be made to the alcoves to enhance their productivity.

The lack of cover in most of the sites could be remedied through the placement
of tree bundles or other bnjshy debris into the alcoves. This could be done any time of
year and does not require permits to do so. It would be advisable to use large enough
debris so that it will stay anchored in the off channel areas and not become a blockage
to fish passage out of the alcoves.

Rock weirs

The lack of cover, debris entrapment, and secondary channel enhancement
provided by the five rock weirs observed is mainly due to the fact that the rock weirs are
mainly designed to dam water, and channel the flow of the stream. These weirs would
generally be more effective if used in conjunction with LWD, so that cover can be



provided in the pools above the weirs. After looking at the work that has to go in to
constnjcting a rock weir. I would only recommend their use in larger river systems,
where natural placement of LWD would be impossible, or in systems where L\,VD is not
available for a project.

Project selection

The project selection criteria used in the ohginal plan appeared to work well for
ease in access, and effectiveness in maintaining stable woody debns. Originally only
those areas with an active channel width of up to 10m were selected as potential
project areas. After placing wood in W. Fk. Ecola Cr. which has an active channel
width of 15m it was apparent that if long enough trees are available, the rule of using
trees that are twice as long as the active channel width can still be used in streams up
to 15m active channel width. Large trees could also be used in streams larger than
15m active channel width if they are naturally anchored on at least one side of the
stream, with only a small portion of the tree placed into the stream channel. The size
the trees used and the placement of these trees is largely dependent on the density of
large alders and conifers that are within 1 active channel width of the stream channel.

Project Methods

In order to make project monitoring more easy I have a few recommendations
on project design and implementation. The first recommendation is to decrease the
scale of the drawings used to map out the project areas. This would allow a more
precise account of where trees were placed and the trees used to anchor individual
pieces of wood. I would recommend the scale of printed maps to be maintained at
around r=50'. I would also recommend improving the number of sizes and types of
LWD "dip art" used to design the projects.

During project implementation I would recommend putting a small tag and
identifying number on every piece of wood placed into the stream channel. The length,
diameter, and position of every piece of wood should be recorded along with its
identifying number. I would also recommend updating the project maps as soon after
project completion as possible. These two items, along with the more detailed project
maps and written explanation of work done would greatly improve the ability to track
structure change over time.

Post treatment surveys

In order to gain a better understanding of the actual amount of off channel
habitat created through the enhancement work, time needs to be spent measuring the
dimensions of all of the constructed off channel areas. A way of quantifying the amount
of in stream slow water habitat created by the addition of LWD, also needs to be
developed. This could be a simple estimation of square meters of habitat observed at
winter high flow conditions.










MAY 16, 1996


Good morning Mr. Chairman. My name is Stephen E. Gast. I am the Eastern Region
Exploration Manager for Phillips Petroleum Company, located in Houston, Texas. My
primary responsibilities with Phillips include the evaluation and recommendation of
potential oil and gas prospects and I oversee the exploration activities on those prospects.

I am particularly delighted to be able to attend today's hearing since I also have a
personal interest in wildlife. I am currently the Vice President of Financial Affairs for the
Houston Audubon Society; I've been an Officer within the Houston Audubon section for
6 years and a National Audubon member for 29 years.

On behalf of Phillips, I am most appreciative of this opportunity to appear before the
Subcommittee today and share with you some of the successes of the partnership
relationship that our company has enjoyed with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

Phillips Petroleum Company is an integrated oil and gas company with worldwide
exploration and production operations as well as refining, marketing and natural gas
gathering and processing operations. Phillips also has significant chemical and chemical
plastics operations.

Phillips was founded in 1917 and is headquartered in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. The
company has 17,400 employees.

Phillips is proud of our association with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. We
have enjoyed a strong working relationship with the Foundation on a number of projects,
ranging from wildlife and habitat enhancement to environmental education. Phillips is also
involved in other environmental programs that build on and complement our work with
the Foundation.

The ability to bring the private sector together with the Foundation has resulted in benefits
that help conservation and ease the financial burden that Congress continually faces
in trying to stretch the federal budget to fund worthy projects such as those undertaken by
the Foundation and its partners.

Identifying Worthwhile Projects

The Foundation's unique mission and its relationship to the Department of the Interior
enables it to identify environmental projects of national significance. The Partners In
Flight program is one example.

Partners In Flight is a cooperative, international effort to address the decline in many
species of neotropical migrants (songbirds). Phillips is involved in three Partners In Flight
programs — International Migratory Bird Day (IMBD), the Sutton Avian Research Center
and the Gulf Coast Bird Observatory (GCBO). A description of each of these projects is
found on the fact sheet accompanying this statement.


The Sutton and GCBO partnerships have given Phillips the opportunity to work in areas
of the country where we have employees and facilities— namely Oklahoma and the Gulf
Coast. Among other things, this has allowed us to better utilize our in-house expertise
and resources. Through IMBD, we are able to broaden our scope and participate in an
effort that includes all of North America.

Building Partnerships

The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation is the catalyst that brings together diverse
organizations to solve a common problem. The Foundation provides opportunities to
build a closer bond between the private sector, respected environmental groups and key
federal and state agencies. There are few programs around that promote such relationship
building, which we view as vital to achieving the results envisioned by the National Fish
and Wildlife Foundation Establishment Act when it was enacted in 1984.

These partnerships address issues across agency and organizational boundaries. They
allow participants to put aside differences and focus on what can be accomplished by
working together. They provide a means of reaching important goals that are beyond the
reach of individuals or single organizations.

Without the presence of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, it is unlikely that
Phillips would have built relationships with organizations like the Smithsonian Migratory
Bird Center or the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology Both of these facilities are
involved with Phillips in International Migratory Bird Day

Absent the existence of the Foundation, it is also unlikely that Phillips would have known
of~or been involved in— programs such as:

• Wolfyveed ' — An effort to provide fresh water and food for some 250 species of
birds and 400 species of wildlife on the San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge in
South Texas.

• A Home For Pearl ' — An award winning video series that helps school children
learn the importance of habitat through the story of an injured bald eagle named
Pearl who is nursed back to health by caring youngsters.

Promoting Environmentnl Education

The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation is as committed to sound environmental
education as it is to the wildlife it seeks to protect. Through the support of the
Foundation, programs such as Project Wild *, Project Wet * and Project Learning Tree *


have become the most popular and best respected environmental education programs in
the country. Phillips is proud to be a corporate sponsor of all three.

Phillips shares the Foundation's philosophy that children should be taught how to think,
not what to think. Through the Phillips Environmental Partnership Awards (PEP), we
provide small grants to teachers for worthwhile environmental projects—projects that
enable students to build their own outdoor classroom, monitor a local stream or develop a
recycling program. These are projects that give youngsters the opportunity to learn by
doing. They enable students and teachers to move their ideas from the drawingboard to
actual implementation.

We also share the Foundation's belief that educational outreach should be a component of
any environmental project. Phillips has been able to identify educational opportunities in
almost every environmental program we support.

• Playa Lakes Joint Venture — Through Project Wild, the joint venture developed
education materials and conducted teacher training that helped young children
living in the High Plains to understand and appreciate the importance of playas to
waterfowl and other wildlife.

• Tallgrass Prairie — To heighten public awareness of the Tallgrass Prairie and
Oklahoma's biodiversity, Phillips co-sponsored a three-part television series,
"Oklahoma's Last Great Places," and worked with Oklahoma State University on
related teaching materials and training.

• Your Toxic Trash - This 30 minute PBS special won a prestigious Silver Apple
Award for stressing the growing problem of hazardous household waste. The
program was offered (at no charge) to high school science teachers across the
country, along with a teacher's guide.

• Water ' — This PBS special explored society's precarious reliance on the world's
fragile water cycle and revealed the consequences of treating water as a limitless
commodity. Phillips and the other co-sponsors worked with the Foundation on
related teaching materials for high schools across the country.

Leveraging Contribution Dollars

Challenge grants are an important part of Phillips' philanthropic giving. By encouraging
an organization to raise matching ftinds, partnerships are built and a broad base of support
is developed. That is the principle upon which the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
also operates. For every public dollar appropriated to the Foundation, an average of $2.30
in private funds is contributed for on-the-ground conservation projects.


Sometimes, organizations are able to raise much more than that. Since 1992, the
Foundation has contributed $153,000 to the Gulf Coast Bird Observatory The GCBO
has raised an additional $753,000 from other sources. This means that for every $1 of
public money donated by the Foundation, the GCBO has raised an additional $4.90. This
does not include a 155-acre land donation made by Amoco, which was valued at
$700,000 If the value of the land is included, the partnership has raised $9.50 for each $1
of public funds from the Foundation.

The Foundation brings credibility to a project. Donors are often more likely to contribute
to a program when they learn it has the support of the National Fish and Wildlife
Foundation. That is one of the main reasons we have been successful in raising funds for
the Gulf Coast Bird Observatory.

The Human Dimension

The success of a program depends, not only on the amount of money committed to it, but
it also depends on the people involved. The staff of the Foundation not only brings
expertise and experience to wildlife projects, but also provides the heart, soul and
commitment that it takes to successfully complete a project.

In our association with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, we have found the staff
to be responsive and efficient. They are responsible stewards of the environment and
good stewards of the public funds entrusted to them.

Based upon our experience in working with the Foundation and the reputation that the
Foundation has within the private sector, Phillips will conclude by responding to the
Subcommittees' questions contained in the letter of invitation; The Foundation is
functioning wonderfully, its grants programs bring a wide array of benefits to society and
it is one of the best investments that Congress can make with the public's tax dollars. We
look forward to a continued partnership.

Again, Phillips appreciates this opportunity to review with the Subcommittee our work
with the Foundation and our commitment to addressing conservation and habitat projects
that benefit society and the environment. I will be happy to try and respond to any
questions that the Subcommittee might have.

Thank you.

RqiresenU programs in which Phillips Petroleum Company and the Nation^il Fish and Wildlife Foundation are partner!.


fact sheet




'Indicates partnership with National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Wildlife and Habitat Protection

Playa Lakes Joint Venture: Phillips was one of the founding partners of this
cooperative effort of government and private entities to preserve the playas of
Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado and Kansas. Playas, which are small,
shallow basins, serve as critical habitat for some 4 million ducks, geese and
sandhill cranes. An important part of the effort is providing teachers with
educational materials that stress the importance of playas.

*Wolfweed: Named after a low-value plant that covers much of the area, the
Wolfweed Reservoir Project will assure fresh water and food for the 400 species
of wildlife and 250 species of birds found on the San Bernard National Wildlife
Refuge in south Texas. Phillips' Wolfweed partners are the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, Ducks Unlimited and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

'International Migratory Bird Week: Phillips is the corporate sponsor of this
program, which is aimed at heightening public awareness of migratory birds and
the conservation challenges they face. The event is held each May and includes
activities in the United States, as well as Canada and Mexico. Involved in the
program are the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, Comell Laboratory of Omithology, the National Audubon Society and
the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center.

'Sutton Avian Research Center: The work of this premier research facility is
focused on identifying the factors behind the precipitous decline in certain bird
populations and on breeding programs to restore endangered species. Phillips
has been a key supporter of the center since Its inception in 1 984.

*Gulf Coast Bird Observatory: In 1993, Phillips helped form a unique alliance
of two conservation groups, three federal and state agencies and two petroleum
companies to expand and improve habitat at High Island, Texas. Located about
60 miles south of Houston, High Island is one of the most important resting
places for neotropical migrants - or songbirds - as they migrate to the United
States each year from Central and South America. The partnership has now
expanded its efforts to establish a bird observatory network across the Gulf
Coast, from Florida to Mexico.


Phillips Environmental Partnerships
Page 2

Wood on the Wing: This collection of prize-winning wildfowl carvings illustrates
through art the fragile habitat upon which many species of birds depend for their
survival. The carvings represent the best in show at the Annual Louisiana
Wildfowl Carvers Festival, held in New Orleans. Phillips has been a sponsor of
the event for 16 years, and purchases the winning carving each year. In 1995,
the company toured Wood on the Wing for the first time, taking the collection to
10 cities across the country.

Rigs to Reefs: Fish are finding an unusual new habitat in the Gulf of Mexico. A
production platfomi owned by Phillips has been toppled and turned into an
artificial reef. Phillips was the first company to provide an offshore petroleum
platform to the State of Texas for its Rigs to Reefs program, an effort designed to
create new fishing habitats for recreational and commercial purposes. Offshore
platforms have long attracted marine life because of the size, shape and
openness of the structures.

Tallgrass Prairie: The United States once had about 142 million acres of
tallgrass prairie; today, that acreage has virtually disappeared. Phillips is helping
support The Nature Conservancy's efforts to restore the 30,000-acre Tallgrass
Prairie Preserve in northeast Oklahoma. To heighten awareness of the Tallgrass
Prairie and Oklahoma's biodiversity, Phillips co-sponsored a three-part television
series, "Oklahoma's Last Great Places," in late 1993. Teaching materials are
now being developed, and the company plans to make the series available to
teachers across the state.

Trucks for Turtles: Four vehicles that once traveled the oil patch of West Texas

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Online LibraryWildlife United States. Congress. House. Committee on ResouNational Fish and Wildlife Foundation : oversight hearing before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans of the Committee on Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, second session, on the effectiveness of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and projects th → online text (page 9 of 11)