William Allen.

An American biographical and historical dictionary, containing an account of the lives, characters, and writings of the most eminent persons in North America from its first settlement, and a summary of the history of the several colonies and of the United States online

. (page 73 of 126)
Online LibraryWilliam AllenAn American biographical and historical dictionary, containing an account of the lives, characters, and writings of the most eminent persons in North America from its first settlement, and a summary of the history of the several colonies and of the United States → online text (page 73 of 126)
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university. Devoting himself to the prac-
tice of the law at Providence,he was cho-
sen judge of the supreme court. He was
also a member of the old congress ; and
in 1813 was appointed district judge for
R. Island, which office he sustained till



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4T4



HOYT.



hk death, July t9, 1M4, aged 77. He
was a man ofdistinguiahed talents and
learning.

HOYT, Ard, missionary to the Chcro-
kees, was a settled minister of Wilkes-
barre, Pa., "when he offered hb services to
the American Board. In Nov. 1817 he
proceeded with his family to Brainerd,
and in \9U to Willstown, where he died
Feb. 18, 1898, aged 57. He died very
suddenly, but was able to say, lifting his
eyes in rapture to lieaven, "I'm going."
The Cherokces were strongly attached to
him. By his labors Catherine Brown
and others were converted. He was in-
deed a most valuable missionary. His
journals were read with great interest

HUBBARD, William, minister of
Ipswich, Mass. and a historian, was bom
' in the year 16«1, and was graduated at
Harvard college in the first ckm in 1643.
The time of his ordination is not known,
but it is supposed to have been about the
year 1767 as colleague with Mr. Cobbet.
In his old age John Rogers was settled
with him in 16W. He died Sept 14,
1704, aged 83. His wife was the daugh-
ter of Nathaniel Rogers. His son Na-
thaniel, was a judge of the superior
eourt. He was a man of learning, and
of a candid, benevolent mind. He wrote
a valnablehistory of N.England,for which
the state paid him 601. It was used by
Mather in writing his magnalia,by Hutch-
inson, and by Dr. Holmes. At last it wto
publidied in the Mass. hist, collections,
t series, vols. v. and vi. He published
an election sermon, entitled the happiness
of a people in the wisdom of their rulers
directing and in the obedience of their
brethren &c. 1676 ; the present state of
N. England, being a narrative of the
troubles with the Indians from the first
planting thereof in 1607 to 1677, but
chiefly of tiie two last years 1676 and
1676, to which is added a discourse about
the war with the Pequota, 4to, 1677 ; a
fui sermon, 1683 ; a funeral discourse on
gen. Denison, 1684 ; a testimony to the
Older of the gospel in the chuiches of N.
E., with Mr. Higginson, 1701.— ftrfcV
uuon, II. 147; Holme$; HUt. eoL



HUDSON.

HUDDT, Joshua, obtain, ^
prisoner in a small fort on Tom'a river,
N. Jersey, by a^ par^ of toiy reAigees \m
March 1783, aad carried,with his G<Miipa-
ny, to New York. On the 8th of April
he and two others were sent by the board
of loyalists to Middletown point or Sandy
hook to be exchanged under the care of
capt. Lippencot, who reported on his r^
turn, that he had exchanged the two as
directed, and that "Huddy had been ex-
changed for Philip White." He had^ in
fkct, of his own authority, hung him on
a tree on the Jersey shore. The case of
Philip White, the tory , was this. Hav-
ing been taken prisoner, as some tight
horse were conveying him to Frediold at
the end of March, he attempted to escape;
though catted upon to sunender, he eon-
tinned to run, and ss he was about to leap
into a bog he was cut down by a twoid.
—Gen. Washington, April 31, 1778, de^
manded of gen. Clinton the deHveiy of
Lippencot, the murderer of White ; bat
the board of loyalists interposed for his
protection. On the failure of compliaDee
with his demand, gen. Washington selec-
ted by k>t capt AsgiU of the guards, taken
at York town, and fixed the time and
place of his execution. Mrs. AsgiU, the
mother, wrote to M. Vergennes, the
French minister and begged his interfer-
ence, describing her distress and that of
her family. Her pathetic appeal was
published. In consequence of it Vergen-
nes interposed with Washington, and \^
order of congress Asgill was r^eased in
Nov. Capt Asgill was aflerwaids sir
Charles A., general ; and died in 183S,
aged 7a

HUDSON, Henry, an eminent naviga-
tor, was an Englishman, who expksred %
part of the coast of Grecnkiid in the
years 1607 and 1608, while seddng a
passage to Japan and China. Afler bis
return to England from bis seooad
voyage, he went over to HoUand, and the
Dutch East India company gmve him the
command of a ship for discovery. He
sailed March 35, 1609, and, after pe«aif
along the coast of Lapfauid, cioaaed the
Atlantic, and dJacoveied cape God» at



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HUIT.



HULL.



476



nUckpbeehekuiM. UetheBpomied
his ooune to the Chenpotk^ and on hii
ratnrn along the coast entered the riTer
in the state of New York, which bears
his name, and ascended as iar as where
the city of Albany now stands. A set-
tlement was soon after made upon this
imr by the Dutch. In 1610 he was
afain fitted out by some gentleman to
discover a passage to the south sea, and
in this voyage he discovered the exten-
sive bay to the north, which bears his
Bsme. He drew his ship into a small
eieek Nov. 8, and it was frocen up dur-
ing the winter. Uncommon flights of
wild ibwl furnished provision, without
which supply the crew must have perish-
ed. InthesfMing of 1611 he made seve-
ral efibrts to complete his discoveries, but
wasobfiged to abandon his enterprise and
make the bestofhis way home. Hedis-
tiibuled to his men with tears in his eyes
all the bread, he had left, which was only
a pound to each; though it is said, that
other provisions were afterwards found in
theahip. In his uneasiness and despair,he
let fidl threatening words of setting some
of his men on shore ; upon which a few
of the sturdiest, who had been very muti-
■oas, entered his cabin in the night, tied
his arms behind him, and set him adrift
in the ahallop at the west end of the
straits with his son and seven of the most
sick and infirm of his men. He was
never heard of again. The crew procee-
ded with his ship for England. Four of
them were killed by the savages, as they
went on shore near the strait's mouth,
and the rest, ready to die for want, arri-
ved at Plymouth in Sept. 161 1. He pub-
liilied divers voyages and niMrthem dis-
eoveriesy lfi07; a seocmd voyage for find-
ing a passage to the East Indies by the
north east, 1606. Aceounto of his other
voya ges weje published; but they were
not written by himsdf. Some of them
srs pieserved in the third volume of Pur-
chas' pilgriins. — BeOeiuip^B biog. i. 894-
407; New mnd gen, biog, diet.

HUIT, Ephraim,minister of Windsor,
CofL, came from England and was set-
tied as aoUesgue with Mr. Wareham in



1889, and died Sq)l. 4, 1644. Hewasa
man of superior talents and eminent use-
fnhiess. Johnson says of him,—

And Hoet bad hii argulngi strong and riglit.'*

His name is also written Heuet and Hew*-
ett. He published the prophecy of Dan-
iel explained, 4to. 1643.

HULL, William, general, governor of
Michigan territory, was a breve and uae-
ful officer of the revohitionaTy war. In
1796 he was chosen nuyor general in the
militia of Massachusetts. In 180$ he
wasappointed governor of the Michigan
territory, in which office he was succeed-
ed by Lewis Cass in 1814. At the bO"
ginning of the war he was requested to
command the north western army. He
surrendered with 3000 moi at Detroit to
the British general Brock Aug. 15, 181S.
A court martial was ordered to try him
on several charges, and he was actually in
1814 sentenced to be shot, but for his
revolutionary services and his age recom-
mended to mercy. The president appro-
ved the sentence and remitted the execu-
tion. Gen. Hull died at his residence in
Newton, near Boston, Nov. 89, 1836,
aged 73. His relict, Sarah, died in Aug.
1836.— In his defence he makes state-
ments, which ought to be taken into
consideration, before it shall be conclur
ded, that the sentence was just Being
governor of Michigan, as well as general,
he was bound to consult the safe^ of the
frontier settlers, who were threatened by
a horde of savages. His army was in eP
fective force only one third of the forces
of Brock. He could hope for no co-ope-
ration on the part of gen. Dearborn on
the Niagara who had entered into an ar»
mistice, and thus threw the enemy upon
him ; the British commanded lake Erie ;
and a part of his own forces under Cass
andMcArthur had been sent to the river
Raisin. Under these ciroumstanees,with
six hundred Indians already present with
the British army ; cut ofi* by the lake
and the wilderness from his supplies and
re-inforcements; he says, that he deemed
it a sacred duty, which heowed to his
feUow citisens under hia goveramenti t»



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47e



HUMMINGBIRD.



neSOtitte a cafHtulation, which Beeured
their tafety. We must put treachery
oat of the question. The only inquiry
w, whether a brave revolutionary officer
was absolutely a coward at Detroit? It
has been oilen the case, that rash
heroes have occasioned a pitiable and
useless destruction of life. It was so in
the action at Minisink. When St. Clair
retreated from Ticonderoga in 1777,
there was a great clamor against him ;
but the measure was wise and indispensa-
ble to the safety of the army. — He pub-
lished Defence of himself, 1814; me-
moirs of th« campaign of 1813, with a
sketch of his revolutionary services, 1834.
— Holmesy ii. 470.

HUMMING BIRD, gen., a Choctaw
chief, was firom his youth a friend of the
U. S., and fought many battles by the
aide of white men against the red people.
In the expedition of Wayne and Scott in
1794 against the Shawnees and Dcla-
wares, he commanded 60 Choctaw war-
riors. In the late war against the Creeks
and British he also distinguished himself.
He died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 2S,
1837, aged 76, and was buried by col.
Ward, the agent, with the honors of
war. His commission and silver medal
received from Washington, were placed in
his coffin.

HUMPHREYS, David, colonel, the
•on of Daniel H., the minister of Derby,
Con., was born in I75S and graduated at
Yale college in 1771, and soon went to re-
side in the family of col. Phillips of Phil-
Kpe manor, N. York. He early entered
the army as a captain ; in 1778 he was a
major and aid to gen. Putnam ; in 1780
he was selected as Washington's aid,
with the rank of cobnel, and remained
in his family to the end of the war, enjoy-
ing his confidence and friendship. His
competitors for the place of aid were
Tallmadge, Hull, and Alden. For his
valor at the siege of York congress hon-
ored him with a swoid. In 1784 he accom-
panied Jefierson to Paris as secretary ofle-
gatioft, accompanied by his friend Kos-
ciusko. Heftlumedin 1786, and was
•toetid to the legialatare from Derby.



HUNTER.

Being a^>ointed to oommand a i
raised for the western service, he tended
for some time at Hartford, and with
Trumbull, Barlow, and Hopkins wrote
the Anarchiad. In 1788 be went
to reeide with Washington, and ccmtittv-
ed with him till he wasaf^inted ia 179«
minister to Portugal . He sailed in 1791 ;
and soon after his return in 1794 waa ap-
pomted minister p)enq)otentiary to ^lain.
He concluded treaties with Tripoli and
Algiers. In 1809 he was sscoeeded bj
Pinckney. In his last years he devoted
much care to the rearing of merino sheept.
In 1819 he took the command of the mt^
tia of Connecticut. He died suddmly » of
an organw aiection of the heart, at N .
Haven, Feb. 91, 1818, aged 66. His
wife, whom he married in 1797, waa the
daughter of John Bulkley, an Eogiiak
merchant at Lisbon of great wealtfa.
He published in 1789 a poetical address
to the armies of the U. S., which waa
much celebrated. His other works are
poems on the happiness of America ; on
the future glory of the U. S. ; on the in-
dustry of the U. S. ; on the Xa^e of
country ; on the death of Waahiogton.
He wrote also the life of Putnam, 1788 ;
the widow of Makbar, a tragedy, from
the French, 1790 ; and several political
tracts and orations. A coHectkm of his
poems and tracts, including most of hia
writings, was published at N. York, 8vo,
1790 & 1804.— iS^ ^flier. jMd. i. 959-
979.

HUNT, Ebenezer, m. d., a physidaa
of Northampton, was born there in 1744 ;
was graduated at Harvard eoU^ge in
1764 ; and studied with Dr. Pyncheon of
Springfield. He died Dee. 99, 1890,
aged 76, having practised physic more
than 50 years, and in that time Bef«r
having sued any person for any debt, in-
curred by medical attendance. Fori
eral years he was a member of the i
—Thather.

HUNTER, William, k. D.,a physi-
cian of Newport, R. I., was a native of
Scotland ; came to this coantry ^mmic
1759 ; and gave, in 1754-^, the first^loo^
tures on anatomy, delivned in N.



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HUNTINGTON.



477



He died k 1777. Hit wife was
ibe daughter of (Godfrey Malbone, a rich
laerefaaDt. His son, William, was a
•eoator of the U. S .^ Thaeher.

HUNTINGTON, Samuel, governor
ofCona., was the eldest son of Nathaniel
H., a fiirmer of Windham, and was horn
in I7^d. In his youth he gave indica-
tkMis of an excellent understanding.
Without the advantages of a collegial
edoeation he acquired a competent knowl-
edge of the bw and was early admitted
to the bar ; soon after which he settled
in Norwich in 1760 and in a few years
became eminent in his profession. In

1764 he was a representative in the gen-
eral assembly, and the following year was
appointed king's attorney, which office he
filled with reputation, until moreimpor-
taat services induced him to relinquisli it.
In 1774 he was made an assistant judge
of the superior court In 1775 be was
elected into the council, and in the same
year ohosra a delegate to congress. In
1779 he was president of that honorable
body, and was rechosen the following
year. After this year he resumed bis
Matin the council and on the bench. In

1765 he was again a member of congress.
In 1764 he was appointed chief justice.
He was placed in the chair of the chief
msgistrate in 1786, as successor of gov.
Griswold, and was annually reelected till
fall death. He died at Norwich Jan. 5,
1796, aged 63. His wife, Martha, the
daughter of £b. Devotion, minister of
Windham, died June 4, 1794. Having
nochiklrea, he adopted two children of
his biother, Joseph ; one of whom was
the gov. of Ohio and the other married
Reiv. Edward D. Griffin, now president
of WilHaina' college. His elder brother,
Nathaniel, minister of East Windsor or
XUinftoii, waa ordained in 1749 and died
m 1766, hged 83. Gov. H. was an exem-
plaiy profeMor of religion. He is one of
thoae men, who by the force of ge-
aias, by industry, patriotism, and in-
tegrky rose to eminent usefulness and
faoaor. — 8ireng*sfvn. serm,; Ooodrieh;
iBmgki. II. 4d.

HUNTINGTON, Jos^h, d. d., min-



ister of Coventry, Conn, was graduated
at Yale college in ]76d, and died in the
year 1796. Hii daughter is the wife of
president Griffin of Williams' college.
He is well know as the author of a work,
entitled, Calvinism improved, or the gos-
pel illustrated as a system of real grace,
issuing in the salvation of all men, whkh
was published, after his death, in 1796^
It was answered in the same year by Dr.
Strong. It is probable, that he adopted
the notion of universal salvation, as many
others have, in consequence of erroneous
views of the divine sovereignty. Ascrib-
ing to God an *< unalterable decree,— in-
cluding every thought, volition, or incli-
nation of all moral agents, — every being
and mode of being, every circumstance,
connexion, and consequence throughout
the whole system of being ;" it would
very naturally seem to him unjust, that
any man should be punished forever.
He says,-* 'if any are in extreme sufiferings
to endless duration, in this case tltey
must be infinite losers by that existence,
which the God of love/orcecf upon them."
But surely scripture does not ascribe to
God any decree or agency to produce sin;
on the contrary it declares expressly, that
God tempteth no man to sin. Through-
out the Bible man is regarded as a moral
agent, self-acting, and, if sinful, with
wtfareed volition choosing evil. Hence
he is responsible, and destined to answer
for himself in the final judgment. — Set-
ting out with the grand error of absolute
decree of sin and the consequent denial
of human responsibleness, Dr. H. founds
his argument for universal salvatk>n on
another error in regard to the atone-
ment of Christ, which, he thought, inclu-
ded the indurance of all the punishment,
threatened the sinner, and thus a satis-
faction of the law, so that all sinful men
are released from its curse. Hence he
says, by a wild perversion of the plain
language of scripture, that sinners " in
their $ureiy, view, or m^tftMe, i. e.
in Chirist, the head of every man, go
away into everkuting ptuiishment, in a
true gospel sense. In him they sufier in-
finite punishment, ke, he suffers for them.



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478



HUNTINGTON.



in their room and ttead." By another
strange perversion, revolting to common
■enae} he represents that in the day of
judgment, not men of all nations, but
" characters shall be separated one from
another, as a shepherd divideth the sheep
from the goats."—" The eharaeter of
sinners was always at God's left hand and
always will be." In the resurrection he
maintains, that our iim will arise, " in
the holy voice of the law," and that this
willbe the only resurrection to condem-
nation and everlasting shame and con-
tempt, while all men will arise to ev-
erlasting life. It is by such strange de-
parture fVom scripture and common
sense, that error is built up and mis-
erable men are deluded.

Dr. Huntington published a sermon on
the vanity and mischief of presuming on
things beyond our measure, 1774 ; at the
installation of John £lli8,Rehoboth,1785;
a plea before the ecclesiastical council at
Stockbridge in the cause of Mrs. Fisk,
excommunicated for marrying a profane
man, 1779 ; an address to his anabaptist
brethren, 178S.

HUNTINGTON, Jedidiah, general,
was bom in Norwich, Con., Aug. 1^,
174S,& was graduated at Harvard college
in l76S,on which occasion he pronounced
the first English oration, ever delivered
at commencement. He soon engaged in
commercial pnrauits in Norwich. At the
age of i$ he made a profession of religion.
Entering the army in command of a regi-
ment in 1775, he was in May 1777 ap-
pointed by congress a brigadier general.
After the war, during which he had the
esteem and confidence of Washington, he
was sheriff of the county and treasurer of
the state. In 1789 he was aj^inted col-
lector of the port of New London, an
office, which he heki 36 yeara, resigning
it in 1815. He died Sept. 35, 1818, aged
75. Wb firat wife, the daughter of gov,
TrumbuU, died at Dedham in 1775, while
he was on his way to join the army at
Cambridge. His relict, the sister of bish-
op Moore of Vs., died in March 1831.
With the courage of the soldier he com-
bined the humble graces of the christian.




He was an officer of the chmdi, a i
ber of the American foreign mission i
ty from its organization, and a
supporter of various charitable
tions. His own charities were unequalled
in Connecticut. — PanopLxv. 148.
. HUNTINGTON, Joshua, nusister
of Boston, son of the preceding, was boni
Jan. 31, 1786, and graduated at Tale
college in 1804. During a revival in
1803 he became pious. He was oidained
colleague with Dr. Eckley May 18, 1808,
and on his return from a journey for his
health to Canadadiedat Groton Sept. II,
1819, aged 33. He was a very foithfnl
and useful minister, and a hna^le, disin-
terested, excellent christian. Whoi, in
his sickness, told that he was about to
meet his father, he replied, '* yes ; it wilt
be a glorious meeting.'' — ^He published
memoirs of the life of Abigail Waters,
1817.— Pofiopl. xvi. 539-635.

HUNTINGTON, Susan, wife of the
preceding, the daughter of AcfaiAes
Mansfield, minister of Riliingworth,CoBu,
was bom Jan. 37, 1791. Her mother
was the grand daughter of Jaied EUot,
minister of K., a descendant of the ^'In*
dian apostle. " At the age of I6slie made
a profesnon of religion . She was mai^
ried May 18, 1809. Aller surviving heir
husband four years, she died in Boston
Dec. 4, 1833, aged 33. Her four sni*
viving children have become partakers of
the same grace, in which their parents
rejoiced. She was very intelligimt and
temarkably pious. She wrote a letter to
a friend recovered from siekneas, which
is tract no. 88 of Am. tr. aociety, and the
story of Little Lucy. Her memoiis by
B. B.^Wisner, with an introduotoiyeaMiy
and poem by James Montgomery, wen
published. 3d ed., 1839, containii^ her
letters, journal, and some pieces of poeiiy.
Five editions have been pid>li8hed m
Scotland.

HUNTINGTON, Samuel, goversor
of Ohio, the son of Dr. H. of Coventry,
and the adopted son of gov. H. of Coo.,
was bom in 1765 and graduated at Yale
college in 1785. Removing in 1801 to
Ohio,he was there appointed chief jusyoe.



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HURLBUT.



HUTCHINSON.



479



In 1806 he wm dected governor y as sue-
eencnr of Tiffin, the first governor; in
1810 he wss sueeeeded by Meigs. He
died at Painesville Jnly 7, 1817> aged 49.
HURLBUT, James, a physician,
was bom in Berlin, Con., in 1717, bat
M?6d in his latter years at Wethersfield,
where he died Apr. 11, 1794, aged 77.
He was a learned and skiUbl physician.
No physician was better acquainted with
ottr indigeaons materia medica: he em-
ployed the blood root, geranium, comns,
teiliiam ; the comns norvegica in stran-
gniy, &e. — Although he was the greatest
genius in the medical profesaon, in Con.,
he was in his last years a miserable dmnk-
ard, an enormous eater of opium, a poor
dq)endrat on charity. — Thaeher.

HUTCHINS, Thomas, geographer
general of the U. S., was born in Mon-
mouth county, N. Jersey. Before he
was 16 years of age he went to the wes-
twn country, and was soon appointed
ensign in the army. He distinguished
himself at fort Pitt, the plan of which
ha laid out, and which was executed by
him under general Boquet. He after-
wards lived several years in Louisiana,
and was engaged in a variety of battles
with the Indians while with the army in
Wcat Florkla. He here obtained a cap-
tain's ooaunission in the British army ;
but, being much attached to America, he
firand it necessary tordinqnish it. He
was in London at the commencement
cf the war in 1776 and his zeal in
the eanae of his country induced him
lo relhse aome excellent offers, which
were noade him in England. Being sus-
pected in 1779 of holding a correspon-
dence with Franklin, then in France, he
was thrown into a dungeon, and lost
lf,OOOI. in one day. In this dark and
loathsome place he was kept six weeks.
He was then examined and liberated.
AHer thia he went to France and sailed
thence to Charleston, where be joined
the army under general Greene. It was
not lo^g brfbre he was appointed geog-
rapher general of the U. S. He died at
PtttdHirg^h April 38, 1789. He was es-
teemed and helovedj being remarkable for



piety, charity, and benevolence. Under
the vicissitudes of life he was patient and
resigned to the divine will. Dr. Morse
was much indebted to him in the com-
pilation of his American gazetteer. He
published an account of Bouquet's expe-
dition against the Ohio Indians in 1764,
with a map & plates, 1765 ; a description
of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland,
North Carolina, &c. with maps, London,
1778; and an historical narrative and
topographical description of Lomsiana
and West Florida, 1784.

HUTCHINSON, Ann, an artAil
woman, who occasioned much difficulty in
in N. £. soon after its firat settlement,
came flrom Lincolnshire to Boston in
1686, and was the wife of Wm. H., a
representative of Boston. She was an
admirer of Mr. Cotton. The membera
of his church used to meet every wedc to
repeat his sermons, and discourse on doc-
trines. She set up meetings for women,
and soon had a numerous audience. Af«
ter repeating the sermons of Mr. Cotton,
she added reflections of her own ; she ad-
vocated erroneous sentiments, and warped
the discourses of her minister to coincide
with her own opinions. She asserted,
that believere are personally united with
the Spirit of God ; that commands to
work out salvation belong only to such,
as are under a covenant of works ; that
sanctification is not sufficient evidence of
a good state ; and she pretended to im-
mediate revelation respecting future
events. She soon threw the whole colo-
ny into a flame. Those, who opposed
her, were said to be in favor of a coven-
ant of works, and those, who supported
her, were said to be vindicating a cove-



Online LibraryWilliam AllenAn American biographical and historical dictionary, containing an account of the lives, characters, and writings of the most eminent persons in North America from its first settlement, and a summary of the history of the several colonies and of the United States → online text (page 73 of 126)