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Curiosities of the church; studies of curious customs, services and records online

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upo' two preachers xd.

In the chapel accounts of Bewdley we find

amongst other quaint entries :

1649. Pd. a quart of sack given a minister o .. 1 .. 4
1660. For 4 qts. of sack for 4 ministers

that preached 00 .. 06 .. 08

Colne (Lancashire) accounts include a number

of disbursements which come under this heading.

The first amount we reproduce gives the price

of a sermon :

1732. Pd. to parson Holt for preaching 00. .02. .00

x



I 86 CURIOSITIES OF THE CHURCH.

A year later we read :

1 733. Gave old Parson Tomer 00 .. 00 .. 06

Gave an old Parson 00 .. 01 .. 01

The next is a quaint item :

1735. Spent on a strange Parson o .. 3.. 6

Presenting the Bishop with a Loaf
of Sugar.

In the olden time it appears to have been the
practice of the churchwardens to make a present
to the bishop of the diocese when he visited a
church. The accounts of the parish of St.
James's, Bristol, contain items for sugar loaves
given to bishops. The following are examples of
the entries :

1626. For a sugar loaf that was given my

lord at Christmas 15s. od.

1629. Paid for a sugar loaf for the Lord

Bishop (Robert Wright) 15s. iod.

1634. Paid for two sugar loaves bestowed

on the Lord Bishop j£i 6 o

We have found in old municipal and other
accounts charges for sugar presented to dis-
tinguished visitors and gentlemen for whom
those in authority wished to show their appre-
ciation.

Mixing Mortar with Ale.

An old tradition still lingers in Derbyshire,
respecting the famous Bess of Hardwick, to the



ODD ITEMS FROM OLD ACCOUNTS. 1 87

effect that a fortune-teller told her that her
death would not happen as long as she continued
building. She caused to be erected several
noble structures, including Hardwick and Chats-
worth, two of the most stately homes of old
England. Her death occurred in the year 1607,
during a very severe frost, and at a time when
the workmen could not continue their labours,
although they tried to mix their mortar with hot
ale. Malt liquor in the days of yore was believed
to add to the durability of mortar, and items
bearing on this matter occur in parish accounts.
The following entries are extracted from the
parish books of Ecclesfield, South Yorkshire :

1619. Itm. 7 metts [i.e. bushels] of lyme for
poynting some places in the church

wall, and on the leades \]s. xu'yl.

Itm. For 11 gallands of strong liquor

for the blending of the lyme iijj-. viijV.

Two years later we find mention of "strong
liquor " for pointing and ale for drinking :

162 1. For a secke of malt for pointing steeple viij-f.

To Boy wyfe for Brewing itt \]d.

For xvij gallons of strong Lycker vijy. \yi

For sixe gallons of alewch. webesttowed
of the workmen whilst they was

pointing steeple ij*.

For eggs for pointing church ij s.

Many of the old parish accounts contain
items similar to the foregoing.



1 88 curiosities of the church.

Early School Hours.

Formerly the schoolboy commenced his tasks

at a much earlier hour than he does now. At

Bevvdley, the church bell was rung at five o'clock

in the morning to call the scholars of the grammar

school to their studies. Payments for ringing

the bell occur in the church accounts, and the

following may be quoted as an example :

To John Glover for ringing the schollers bell this two

years ended at St. Mary's day last, 1612 xxs.

The ringing was kept up until 1801, when it

was regarded as a nuisance. It gave rise to the

following epigram :

Ye rascally ringers, ye merciless foes,

Who persecute every friend of repose ;

I wish, for the quiet and peace of the land,

You had round your necks what you hold in your hands.

In the regulations drawn up in the early part

of the sixteenth century for the conducting of

St. Paul's School, it is directed that " The

children shall come into the school at seven of

the clock, both winter and summer, and tarry

there until eleven ; and return against one of the

clock, and depart at five."

Students Begging.
In the days of yore, it was a common custom
for poor students to go about the country
collecting money to pay their university expenses.



ODD ITEMS FROM OLD ACCOUNTS. 1 89

Old account books contain many references to
the practice. The disbursements appear to have
been small, except in cases where the recipients
were natives of the parish where the money was
given. The largest amount we have noticed
occurs in the accounts of the burgesses of
Sheffield, and reads as follows :

1573. Gave to William Lee, a poore scholler of
Sheffield, towards the settynge him
to the universytie of Cambridge, and
buyinge him bookes and other
furnyture xii. iiii.

The Leverton, Lincolnshire, churchwardens'
accounts state :

1562. Gave to a pore scoller of Oxford 2s. od.

Ten years later, in the overseers' accounts of

the same parish, is an entry as under :

1572. Relief to Thomas Berry, a pore scolar of

Oxford 1 6d.

In the parish register of Cawthorne, Yorkshire,

under date of August 2, 1663, it is recorded :

Collected in ye parish church of Cawthorne, for
Thomas Carr, a poor scholler who was
going to Cambridge, and borne in ye parish
of Eccklesfield, the sum of 6s. 6d.

According to the churchwardens' accounts of
Kirkby Wharfe, in the year 1697, two poor
scholars were presented with sixpence.

Happily, students in our day pursue their
studies at college under more satisfactory con-
ditions than those of our ancestors.



i9o curiosities of the church.

Fined for Swearing.

An entry in the parish books of Prestwich,

Lancashire, states :

1655. — Received of the wife of George Hulton,

for swearing and other misdemeanour £0 16s. 8d.

The above fine was inflicted during the Common-
wealth. At this period the laws against swearing
were very severe.

In 1650 a law was passed called " An Act for
the better preventinge and suppressienge of the
detestable sin of prophane swearing and cursing."
It directed that a record of all convictions be
kept by the justice of the peace, and the names
of the offenders so convicted to be published
quarterly. The amounts of the fines were
graduated according to the rank of the offenders.

The fines for the first offence were : a lord,
30s. ; a baronet or knight, 20s. ; an esquire, 10s ;
a gentleman, 6s. 8d. ; all inferior persons, 3s. 4d.

For the second offence, double the aforesaid.
For the tenth offence, " he or she be adjudged a
common swearer, or curser, and be bound with
sureties to the good behaviour during three
years." If the offenders did not pay the fines
they were put in the stocks.

Acts of Parliament were passed in the reigns
of James I. and William and Mary to check



ODD ITEMS FROM OLD ACCOUNTS. I9I

swearing. They were repealed in the time of
George II, and another made to "more
effectually prevent profane swearing," and it was
ordered that it be read quarterly in all parish
churches and chapels. The Gentleman's Magazine
contains a note of a fine on account of the non-
observance of a clause in this Act. " On July
6th, 1772," it is stated, " a rich vicar and a poor
curate paid into the hands of the proper officer
£1$] the first £10, the latter £$, for neglecting
to read in church the Act against cursing and
swearing."

Hanging Gipsies.

We have found several allusions to gipsies.
The laws against them in Tudor times were ex-
tremely severe. It is recorded in the parish
register of St. Nicholas, Durham, under date of
August 8th, 1592, that " Sim son, Arington,
Featherstone, Fenwicke, and Lancaster were
hanged for being Egyptians." This wandering
race first attracted prominent notice in the days
of Henry VIII., when they appear to have been
suspected of committing felonies. A law was
passed in 1530, which enacted that no such person
should henceforth come into this realm, and
those in the country should depart within



192 CURIOSITIES OF THE CHURCH.

fourteen days or forfeit their goods. In 1554, in

the reign of Mary, an Act was passed making it

felony without the benefit of the clergy or privilege

of sanctuary to remain in the realm after twenty

days from the proclamation of this Act. One of

the clauses provided that such Egyptians as were

prepared to give up their " naughty idle and

ungodly life," and enter the service of an honest

householder, might remain. A few years later,

in the reign of Elizabeth, in 1562, an Act was

passed making the continuance of gipsies in

England more than a month a capital offence.

It was under this statute that the five gipsies at

Durham were executed. In the life of Sir

Matthew Hale, the famous judge, it is stated

that at one Suffolk Assize no less than thirteen

gipsies were condemned to death for breaking

this law. The Act was not repealed until 1783.

The Constables' accounts of Repton, Derbyshire,

contain the following entry :

1602. — It. given to the gipsies ye xxx daye of

Januarye to avoyde ye towne xxd.

The foregoing is a remarkable payment, and
speaks well for the kindly disposition of Derby-
shiremen in the days of yore. The imputation
of gipsies carrying off children may be traced
back to an early period of their history in



ODD ITEMS FROM OLD ACCOUNTS. 1 93

England. " In Wellington Church, Somerset,"
saysGeorge Roberts, in his "Social History," "is
the effigy of Judge Popham, who tried Guy
Faux and his fellow conspirators of the Gun-
powder Plot. The tradition is that he was
recovered from the gipsies who had carried him
off, and that his wanderings with them, continued
as they were for several years, restored his
delicate constitution to a healthy state."

Looking after Spiritual and Moral
Welfare.

Down to a comparatively recent period it was
the custom of the churchwardens on a Sunday,
during Divine service, to visit public-houses
situated in their respective parishes, and ascertain
that no persons were in them that ought to be
at church. Neglecting to attend the church was
a serious matter in the days of old. Some notes
appear on this theme in the books of St. James's
Church, Bristol. On July 6, 1598, Henry Anstey,
a resident in the parish, had, in answer to a
summons, to appear before the vestry for not
attending that church. At the same vestry, in the
year 1679, four persons were found guilty of
walking " on foot to Bath on Lord's-day," and
were each fined twenty shillings.

Y



194 CURIOSITIES OF THE CHURCH.

We gather from the following disbursements

in the same parish records that the churchwardens

also looked sharply after the morals of the people :

1627. — Item, for a warrant for her that laid the child

at Mr. Sage's doore is.

To the woman that kept that child is.

Spent at the Bell when we went about that

child is.

More in charge about that child is.

Ringing Church Bells for Successful
Race-horses.

From the accounts of St. Edmund's Church,

Salisbury, is this item :

1646. Ringing the race-day, that the Earle of Pem-
broke his horse winne the Cuppe vs.

Ringing church bells when horses won races
was not confined to Salisbury. In the olden days
the practice was common in many parts of the
country.

Watching a Man the Night before
Marriage.

The accounts of the parish of Great Staughton,

Huntingdonshire, include some quaint entries.

Perhaps the following is the most remarkable :

Dec, 1647. — Item, paid for wages spent upon the
man that watched John Pickle all night and the
next daie till he was married is. od.

Many changes have occurred in the social



ODD ITEMS FROM OLD ACCOUNTS. 1 95

and domestic life of England since the days
when men had to be watched to prevent them
escaping the married state.

Death of the Old Year and Birth of the

New Year.
The Poet Laureate wrote some fine lines on
the close of the old year and the commencement
of the new, in which the familiar words occur :
Ring out the old, ring in the new.

A reference to this pleasing ceremony appears
in the church accounts at Ecclesfield :

1 756. For ringing the old year out and the new one in 5s.

Several curious bell-ringing customs at this
season still linger in Yorkshire. Thus, at Dews-
bury, one of the church bells is tolled as at a
funeral. This custom is known as the " Devil's
Knell," the moral of which is that Satan died
when Christ was born



INDEX.



Abbuts Ann, Andover, Funeral Garlands

at, 151.
Abelard, 3.
Acklam, Yorks. , 78.
Addison, Jos., burial of, 134.
Airly, Lord, and the ' Hour-glass,' ior.
Ale used for Mixing Mortar, 186.
Alfreton, 144.

Allerton Hall, Leeds, 137, 138.
Alnwick, St. Michael's Church, Chained

Book in, 116.
Ambleside, Custom of Rush-bearing

at, 62.
Andrews's Historic Yorkshire, quoted, 18 ;

Modern Yorkshire Pods, quoted, 149 ;

"Some Armless Wonders, " quoted,

161.
Animal Register, quoted, 113.
Anstey, Henry, summoned for not going

to Church on Lord's-day, 193.
Antiquarian Repertory, quoted, 146, 150.
Arington, hanged for being an Egyptian,

191.
Aristotle's "Physics," Prior of Rochester

and the copy of, 1 1 1 .
Armour, Elizabeth, donor of an Hour-
glass to Hurst Church, 107.
Arundell, John, Bp. of Lichfield and

Coventry, on Church- Ale Customs,

43-

Ashford Church, Derby, funeral Gar-
lands in, 144.

Ashover, 145, 171.

Ass, Procession of the, 27, 2S.

Atterbury, Bp. , 134.

Aubrey's, John, Nat. Hist, of Wiltshire,
quoted, 44.

Aylesbury, 51, 52, 114.

Baker's, Miss, Glossary of Northampton-
shire, quoted, 50.

Bamford, on Rush- Bearing Customs in
Lancashire, 60.

Banks, \V. S., on "Dog Whippcrs," 177.

Barford, "White-Bread Close," 86, 87.



Bannister, John, Reeollcetions, quoted,

136.
Barker, printer of the Bible, 113.
Bargaining with a Conjuror, 184.
Barnsley Churchwardens' Accounts on

"Dog-Whipping," 177.
Barrow, Dr. Isaac, 103.
Barton-on-Humber, St. Peter's Church,
93 ; Custom of Waking Sleepers at,
180.
Baslow Church, Dog-Whipper's Imple-
ment at, 176.
Bath, four persons found guilty for

walking to, on Lord's-day, 193.
Beaumont and Fletcher's Valentinian,

quoted, 53.
Beckley, burial of Dicky Pearce at, 163.
" Bede's, Cuthbert," Fotheringay and

Mary, Queen of Scots, quoted, 128.
Bedford, Duke of, purchases the Royal

Library of Paris, 11 1.
Bellow, J. F., Danish Trooper buried at

Beverley, 164.
Bells and Beacons for Travellers by

Night, 93-99.
Benbowe, Robt. , Dog-Whipper, 181.
Benson, Geo., Drama in York, quoted,

18.
Berkshire, Workingham Church, 95.
Bermondsey Church Registers, 158.
Berry, Thos. , "a poor Scholar of

Oxford," 189.
Betterton, Thos., burial of, 135.
Beverley, Yorks., Minster, burial of the
Earl of Northumberland in, 13S ;
St. Mary's, Lantern on the tower of,
96 ; Parish Registers of, 154 ; Tablet
to Danish Soldiers at, 164, 165.
Bewdley, Chapel-wardens' Accounts at,
20 ; Hour-glass at, 106 ; Treating
Ministers, 185 ; Early School Beil
rung at, 188.
Bideford, 42.

Bishops and their Beer, 184.
Blanford, 40.



198



INDEX.



Bishop presented with a Loaf of Sugar,
186.'

Blades, Wm., " On Chained Libraries,"
121, 122, 123.

Blewitt, Mary, wife of seven husbands,
158.

Blount's Tenures of Land, quoted, 51, 89.

Bodleian Library, 44 ; Chained Books
in, I2i, 122.

Bolsover, 145.

Bolton Abbey, Funeral Garland at, 148.

Bonner, Bp. of London, on the pro-
hibition of Plays in Churches, 21.

Boston, Lincolnshire, 115, 155, 166;
Banns of Marriage published in the
Market-place, 155 ; Chained Books
in St. Botolph's Church, 115.

Bowden, Geo., 170.

Boyle, Rev. J. R., F.S.A., on the
Lantern on a Church Tower, New-
castle, 96 ; His Vestiges of Old
Newcastle and Gateshead, quoted, 97.

Brailsford, Church Books, quoted, 149.

Bramley, Vorks., 184

Brand's Popular Antiquities, quoted, 48,
150.

Breadsall Church, Chained Books in, 116.

Brewster, Wm. , M. D., bequeaths his
Library to All Saints' Church, Here-
ford, 120.

Bridlington, St. Mary's Church, Chained
Books at, 115.

Briefs, 90-92.

Brigg, 23.

Bristol, curious entries in the books of
St. James's Church at, 193.

Brocklebank, Mr., 1S0.

Brooke, Richard, Bequest of, 174.

Broughton, Manor of, 22,23, 2 4> 2 ^. 2 7

Brown, Robt., an actor in the Hull
Miracle Plays, 20.

Browne's, Wm., Britannia's Pastorals,
quoted, 53.

Budd, Richard, bequest of, 80.

Bull-baiting, Bear-baiting, &c, 40.

Burlingham, South, Norfolk, Hour-glass
in St. Edmund's Church at, 107.

Banyan's Lift of Mr. Bad/nan, quoted,
171.

Burgess, Rev. Daniel, IOI.

Bum, J. S., History oj Parish Registers,

quoted, 172.
Burnet, Gilbert, Bishop of Salisbury, 103
Burnley, Lancashire, Dog-whipping

Customs at, 180.
Burton-super-Stather, Lincolnshire, 155.
Butler's Hudibras, quoted, 104, 156.



Bury St. Edmunds, St. James Church,
Marriage of an Armless Woman at,
161.

Caister, 24, 25.

Cambridge, 79, 16, 118, 122, 189 ; Carr

assisted to a Scholarship at, 1S9 ;

Chained Books in King's College

Library, 122 ; Symonds's Scholarship

at, 79 ; Willis and Clark's Architec-
tural History of Cambridge, quoted,

116, 118.
Carew's, Richard, Survey of Cornwall,

quoted, 45.
Carey, John, 95.
Carleton, Will, 54, 59.
Carr, Thomas, "a poor scholler," sent

to Cambridge, 189.
Carsington, Derby, 161.
Castle-Combe, Church Ale Customs at,

45. •

Castleton, Derby, Rush-bearing Custom

at, 55 ; " Sluggard- waker " at, 181.
Cawthorne, Yorkshire, Custom of

making Collections for Poor Scholars

at, 189.
Chained Books in Churches, no-123.
Chambers's Book of Days, quoted, 99,

129, 150, 170.
Chaddesden, 49.
Chapel- Allerton, 137.
Chapel-en-le-Frith, Derby. 170.
Charles V. and the Royal Library, Paris,

in.
ChatsA'orth, 186.
Chester Trade Guilds, 9.
Chesterfield. Lord, 135.
Chippendale, John. LL. D. , 157.
Chislet, Kent. " Dog-whipper*s Marsh"'

at. 174.
Church Scrambling Charities, 85-89.
Church Ales, 39-50.
Clavering, Essex, Doles at, 84.
Claverley, Shropshire, 173.
Clay, John, 167; Mary. 167; Thomas,

167.
Cliffe, Rochester. Hour-glass at, 108.
Clynnog-fawr, N. Wales, instrument for

dragging dogs out of church at, 176.
Cock-Crowcr, King's, 68 ; the Custom

discontinued, 69.
Collyer, Rev. Dr. Robt., 54.
Colne, Lancashire, 185.
Compton-Bassett, Wiltshire, Hour-glass

at, 108.
Concerning Doles, 74-84.
Conyers, Champion. 31.



INDEX.



199



Congleton Church, " Brief," for repair of,

92.
Cooke, John, Bequest of, 98.
Corstorphine, Bequest to Schoolmaster

of, 97.
Coventry, Extracts from the Registers on

Miracle Plays, 6, 17 ; Nfrr. Glover

burnt at, 116.
Cowley, Abraham, burial of, 132, 133.
Cowper, William, burial of, 137.
Cox, Rev. J. C, LL.D., 172.
Cox and Mope's Chronicle of All Saints'

Church, Derby, quoted, 49.
" Crants," meaning of, 141.
Craven, 147, 149.

Croft, Lincolnshire. Dog-Whipping Cus-
tom at, 180.
Cromwell, Thomas, Lord, proclamation

for keeping Parish Registers, 152.
Cuming, H. Syer, 181.
Cumnor, Oxford, Chained Bible at, 112.
Cure by Royal Touch, 182.

" Daniel," A Miracle Play, 3.

Dale, Ellen, 159.

Dare, Leonard, 77.

Davies, Robert, F.S. A. , Municipal

Records of York, 18.
Davye, Richard, Mayor of Leicester, 157.
Dawson, W. II., "The Burial of the

Craven Yeoman," 149 ; History of

Skipton, quoted, 138, 139.
Daye, Sicylye, 162.

Dead, Simple Memorials of the, 140-151.
Derby Mercury, quoted, 159.
"Devil's Knell," tolling for the dead,

195-
Dewsbury, Bell Ringing Custom at, 195.
Dialect of Craven, quoted, 147.
Dibdin, Dr., on " Old Scarlett," 130.
" Dog-noper," John Nicholson on, 177.
Dog-Whippers and Sluggard- Wakers,

173— 181.
Donington, Lincolnshire, Rush-bearing

Custom at, 56.
Dorchester, 64.
Dorset, Wimborne Minster, Chained

Books in, 117, 118.
Dover, Monument of S. Foote in St.

Mary's Church, 136.
Dovey, Richard, leaves a bequest to pay

for waking sleepers, 173.
Dowe, Robert, bequest of, 80.
Drama, Origin of, in England, I.
Dronfield, Derby, Dole at, 84.
Drury Lane Theatre, 90.
Dudbrook, Essex, 157.



Dunbar Harbour, "Brief" for repair

of, 92.
Dunchurch, Sluggard- Waker of, 175.
Dunn, Joseph, leaves a Dole, 78.
Dunstable, 2.
Durham, curious entries in St. Nicholas

Church Registers on banging

Egyptians, 191 ; Croft Bridge, 31 ;

Custom of presenting a Falchion

to the Bishop of, 30, 3r.
Du Vail, Claude, Execution of, 140.
Dyneley, Rev. Robert, 1 39.

Early School Hours at Bewdley, 188.

Eastbourne Priory, 162.

Eastwood's, Rev. J., History of Eccles-
field, quoted, 1 16.

Ecclesfield, Yorkshire, Chained Books
in, 116; Churchwardens' Accounts
on Chained Books, 122 ; Custom of
collecting money for poor scholars,
189; Liquor used for mixing mortar
at, 187 ; Ringing out the Old Year
at, 195.

Edgar's, Rev. A., Old Church Life m
Scotland, quoted, 108.

Edinthorpe, Norfolk, Hour-glass at, 107.

Edwards's Remarkable Charities, quoted,
98.

Elvaston, to Brew Church Ales, 44.

Errington, Edward, 163.

Everton, Notts., Registers at, 154.

Eyam, Derby, 142, 143 ; Funeral Gar-
land Customs at, 142, 143.

Fairfield, 145.

Farnham Royal, Bucks., Doles at, 84.

Faux, Guy, 193.

Featherstone, hanged for being an

Egyptian, 191.
Fenwicke, hung for being an Egyptian,

191.
Finch, Betty, employed as" bobber,"

176.
Fined for Swearing, 190.
Fish in Lent, 63 — 73.
Flint, John, 171.

Flixton Church, Hour-glass at, 107.
Foote, Samuel, burial of, at Dover, 136.
Fosbrooke's British Monachis/n, quoted,

100.
Fotheringhay Castle, 127.
Foxe's Book of Martyrs, a copy chained

at Winsham Church, 115.
Freiston, 166.

Froissart's Chronicles, quoted, 125.
Funeral Effigies, 124-126.



200



INDEX.



Fulham, Churchwardens' Accounts at,
quoted, 65.

Gad, meaning of the word, 29
Gad-whip, The Caister, Manorial

Service, 23-29.
Gateshead Church, " Brief " for repair

of, 92.
Gay's, John, Pastorals, quoted, 104 ;

Poems, 142.
Gentleman'' s Magazine, quoted, 69. 86, 87.
Gleanings in Craven, quoted, 148.
Gloucester, Bilbury, 100; Hewelsfield,

87 ; Scrambling Customs at, 87.
Gloucester, Eleanor, Duchess, Torch-
light burial of, 76 ; Humphrey,

Duke of, in.
Glyde's, John, Norfolk Garland, quoted,

66.
Grantham, 116.
Grassington, 148.
Grubb Street Journal, quoted, 86.

Halifax, 159.

Hannokes, Susanna, accused of bewitch-
ing a Spinning-wheel, 114.

Hardicanute, 49.

Hastings, Lady B., 70.

Hathersage, 145, 146.

Hawker, Kev. R. S., Cornish Ballads,
quoted, 140.

Heanor, Derby, 146.

J bap, Mrs. Rachel, 159.

Heathcote, Miss Alice, 144.

Helpby, Nicholas, author of " Noah," 19.

Henry V. and the borrowed books, III.

" Herbell to the Bible, The," quoted, 54.

Hereford. 117, 118. 120.

I Iessle, Doles at, 84 ; Pook of " Briefs "
at, quoted, 92 ; Custom of Ringing
the Hell at, 94.

Hicks, Mrs., execution of, for witchcraft,
114.

Ilicken, Ralph, Miracle Plays by. 9.

Hilarius, Abbot, 2. 3.

I lol.y. Philip, 72.

" 1 1 o< king," game of, 48,49 ; Herodotus

Oil.

iii on, ( leorge, 172.
Ik hi, Robert, husband of seven
• 157-

! li, William, [1 4.

I [olin bed's < 'hroni le, quoted, 183.
Holt, Emily S., Ye Olden Time,
• led, 126.

Hone's William, Year Book, quoted, 61.
I [ope, I >erby, 145.



Hornby, Alderman, 163 ; Thomas, 49.

Hour-glasses in Churches, 100-109.

Howitt, William, 146.

Hoxton. 169.

Hull, 19, 54, 71, 77, 84, 92, 94, 107 ;

Dole at, 77; Miracle Plays at, 19;

Trinity House, Custom of Strewing

Rushes at, 54 ; Records of on

Miracle Plays, 19.
Hundon, 25, 26.
Hungerford, Joan, Lady, buried by

Torch-light, 76.
Huntingdon, 114.
Hutchinson's History of Northumberland,

quoted, 46.
Ilutton's History oj Derby, quoted, 49.

" Image of St. Nicholas, The" Miracle
1'Jay, 3, 4-

Jefferson's History of Thirsk, quoted, 150.
Jewitt, L., F. S. A., 143.
Jonson, Ben., 164.

Kendall. Ann, Funeral Garland of, 144,

145.'
Kethe, Rev. William, denounces the

Custom of Church Ales, 40.
Keyingham, Hour-glass at, 107.
Kildale, 78.'
Kingsutton, 50.
Kirkham, Lancashire, Rush-bearing at,

. 55-

Kirtoin-Lindsey, 180.

Kitchingham, Robert, death of, 137.

Leckonfield Castle, Holderness, Yorks.,
Lenton Customs at, 67, 68.

Leeds, 137, 138, 184.

Leicester, '' Harecrop- Leys," SS ; St.
Martin's Church, 157; Chained
Bible at, 112 ; St. Mary's Church
Registers, quoted, 20 ; Scrambling
Customs at llaloughton, 88.

Leigh, Kent, Hour-glass at, 108.

L'Estrange, Sir Roger, 100.

Lincolnshire, Caister Gad-whip Manorial
Service, 23-29 ; Dunstan Pillar, 95.

Llandovery, Funeral Garlands at, 150.

London, All-] billow's Church, Lom-
bard Street, 79 ; Christ's Hospital,
Symonds's bequest to, 79 ; Liverpool
Street burial Ground, 79; St.
Botolph's, billingsgate, 98; St.

M.uy-at-IIill Registers on Rush*


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