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of the Holy Scriptures is likewise urgently recommended to all
during their leisure hours, but on Sundays particularly. "

Debating societies were conducted by the cadets, and proved
of great value for oratorical training.

A fine band was conducted by the cadets during 1844-46.
music was furnished by the organization on the marches to Burling-
ton and Boston.

The commencement of 1844 came on Thursday, August 15.
At 10 o'clock A. M., a procession was formed in front of the Uni-
versity by Col. W. E. Lewis, assisted b}^ Lucius Hurlbut, '40, and
H. H. Carey, '44, and, headed by the Croydon (N. H.) band, was
marched to the Congregational church where the following orations
were delivered: ''Progi-ess of Scientific Knowledge," Charles E.
Dennison; "Our Revolutionary Fathers," Edmund B. Kellogg;
"Duties of American Citizens," Marshall Perkins; "Literary and
Scientific Pursuits not Inconsistent with Religious and Moral,"
Daniel S. C. M. Potter; "Dignity of Agi-icultural Labor," Thomas
Clark; "Mathematics, their Rank and Utility," Simon M. Preston;
" Progress of Man, " Stillman Hemenway; "Harmony of Natural
and Revealed Religion, "John G. Parker; "Fate of Learned Men;"
Orlando D. IMiller; "American Institutions, their Character and
Destiny," Edwin McNeill; "Chivah-y of the Middle Ages," John
W. Barnard. Cadet James W. Putnam read an original poem,
"Washington."

At 3 p. M. the corps marched to the church, where the ceremony
of presenting a beautiful banner to the cadets took place. Miss
Cornelia M. Burton presented the banner in the following address:
"Gentlemen: As a token of our respect for yourselves and
teachers, and also of our admiration of j^our system of education,
please accept this banner and although trifling the gift, believe,
that it is not alwa3's the most rare or costly that exhibits the senti-
ments of the donor. We do not intend by this act to encourage a
bloody system of warfare, yet, as under peculiar circumstances
war is inevitable, to be prepared for it is the duty of every Ameri-
can Citizen, and while we sincerely hope it may never be the fate of
our banner to wave over thebloody field in defence of our country's
right, we do not fear that it will ever be dishonored. "

Cadet J. M. Barnard made an eloquent address in response.

This banner was the work of the young ladies of Norwich.



102 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

On one side it is beautifully embroidered with the seal of the
University, and on the other side appears the inscription, "Pre-
sented by the young ladies of Norwich, August A. D. 1844, to the
Cadets of Norwich University." This banner is now one of the
cherished relics of the University and is carefully preserved in a
case in the Carnegie Library. To realize how well the cadets have
merited the belief that it would never "be dishonored" one has
only to read the long "roll of honor" of those who have achieved
distinction on the field of battle, fighting for our country.

Rev. Isaac D. Williamson (q. v.) of Mobile, Ala., delivered the
commencement address, and Mr. Charles G. Eastman, honorary
graduate, '42, (q. v.) delivered an address before the Literary
Associations.

In 1845, the commencement was held July 17. A public
dinner was given at the Union Hotel, by Mr. J. T. Burnham.

On the declaration of war with Mexico, in May, 1846, General
Ransom took an active part in the support of the government.
The war was not popular in the north, as it was felt that it was a
move on the part of the Democratic party to extend the slave own-
ing territory. President Ransom was an active Democrat, and
while he did not uphold slavery, yet he felt it his duty to support
his party. During the fall of 1846, much of his time was given to
attending political meetings, and Pi'ofessor Butler served as presi-
dent in his absence.

On the organization in New England of the Ninth U. 8. Regi-
ment, later known as the "Old Ninth New England," President
Ransom was tendered a commission in that regiment and at once
began enrolling troops. On May 7, 1847, he resigned as president
of the University, and Professor Butler was appointed acting
president.



CHAPTER IV.

Norwich Uxiversity, 1846-60.

Administrations op Presidents Butler and Wheaton — Mexican
War — Edward Bourns Elected President — ^P'aculti — Attendance —
Course.- of Study — Text Books — Librari: — Requirements for Ad-
mission — Terms — Vacations — Military Organization — Uniforms — ^State
Loan of Arms — Marches — Expenses — Societies — Clubs — Reveille
Founded — Dartmouth Feuds — Reminiscences — Comments — Attempt at
Removal of "N. U." — Educational Conventions — Civil War — Old
South Barracks Burned — Removal to Northfield.

Prof. James D. Butler assumed the duties of acting president
of the University on May 7, 1847. His duties were most arduous.
The cadets were stirred with a patriotic zeal to enter the army with
their popular president. Colonel Ransom offered commissions to
several of the cadets, but they were refused owing to the opposition
of the parents. As was stated in Chapter III., the Mexican War
was not popular in the north, hence the refusal of the parents to
allow the cadets to enter the service.

Several of the cadets, however, entered the army. Jesse A.
Gove was commissioned 2d lieutenant in President Ransom's
I'cgiment. John W. L. Tyler left to enlist in the artillery and later
became an officer. Henry O. Brigham, though but a mere boy,
was allowed to go with President Ransom as a drummer boy.
Charles E. Tilton was offered a captain's commission in the 9th
New England regiment. His father refused to allow him to accept
it and on condition of his not entering the army, gave him the
money to travel in South America. A full account of the service
of the cadets in the Mexican War is given in Chapter IX.

Owing to the unsettled conditions existing in the corps, the
academic work was suspended on September 18, 1847. President
Butler worked faithfully to hold the cadets and in April, 1848, the
academic work was resumed. He tried to secure as President
Ransom's successor, Benjamin At wood, then a captain in the
United States army at Boston, and later a paymaster-general of
the army. Captain Atwood was not in favor of the war, and while
he wavered as to resigning and accepting the presidency, was



104 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

ordered to the field. Professor Butler did much to bring the Uni-
versity before the public by delivering lectures, on his foreign
tours in various towns in Vermont, New Hampshire, and in other
states. On August 18, 1847, he resigned his professorship and
accepted the pastorate of the Congregational church in Wells River,
Vermont. He, however, continued to act as president of the
University until February, 1848.

Prof. Henry Steward Wheaton, A. M., of Dudley, Mass., a
graduate of Brown University of the class of 1841, and a law
student at Harvard College, 1841-42, was elected president of the
University on January 29, 1848, and in February of the same year
began active work for the University. He held this position until
August 15, 1849, when owing to failing health, he resigned, and
in October of that year went to California in company with General
Jackman. On August 16, 1849, Simon M. Preston, '45, was ap-
pointed executive officer of the University and had full charge of
the management until August, 1850. In September, 1850, Prof.
Edward Bourns, A. M., LL. D., a graduate of Trinity College,
Dublin, Ireland, of the class of 1833, was elected president. Pro-
fessor Bourns was a distinguished scholar and had served as a
teacher in a classical school in Philadelphia and as professor of the
Greek and Latin languages at Hobart College, New York. In
1841 he was ordained priest in the Episcopal church, and had gained
distinction as a clergman. His inauguration as president was
hailed by the Alumni and friends of the University as a turning
point in the prosperity of the Institution.

President Wheaton held the chair of Ancient Languages and
Literature until August, 1849. He was a fine classical scholar and
did much to raise the standard of scholarship at the University. Hon.
Aaron Loveland, A. M., acted as vice-president until 1859. Daniel
S. C. M. Potter, A. B. of the class of 1845 was appointed tutor of the
Modern Languages on August 18, 1847, and during the suspension
of the academic work at the University taught private classes in
Norwich. On April 17, 1848, he was appointed associate professor
of the Ancient Languages and held the position until November 6,
1848, when he was succeeded by Captain Thomas W. Freelon.
Professor Freelon was a native of Norwich and a graduate of
Dartmouth College, class of 1843. He had seen much service in
the Mexican War, and had just resigned from the army with the
rank of captain. He proved an efficient instructor in tactics, but
his term of service at the University was short, as he resigned
on May 18, 1849.



THE FACULTY.



105



Professor Jackman was given in August, 1849, a leave of
absence of three years, and he went to California in October, in
company with President Wheaton.

In August, 1849, Simon M. Preston, A. M. of the class of 1845,
was appointed professor of Natural Philosophy, Natural Sciences,
and Military Tactics, and held the position one year. Rev. Loami
Sewall Coburn, A. M., a graduate of Dartmouth College, class of
1830 and pastor of the Congregational church in Norwich, was



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A Diploma of 1864.

appointed professor of Ancient Languages and Literature, which
position he held one year. Jacob Parker Gould, B. S., of the class
of 1849 served as tutor during 1849-50.

In September, 1850, Rev. Edward Bourns became professor of
Moral Sciences, Ancient Languages and Literature and for a period
of twenty years held this position endearing himself to the members
of succeeding classes through his eminent attainments, his kindly
sympathy, and his delicate and incisive wit. Clinton S. Averill,
B. S., '49, succeeded Professor Preston, as professor of the Natural
Sciences and Military Tactics. Rev. James Davie Butler, A. M.,



106 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

returned to the faculty as professor of Modern Languages, History
and Belles-Lettres, which position he held until August, 1851.
Samuel Johnson Allen, M. D., a graduate of the Castleton (Vermont)
Medical College, served as lecturer on Anatomy and Physiology,
1850-51.

In September, 1852, Prof. Alonzo Jackman resumed his
position of professor of Mathematics, Military Science and Tactics,
and continued this position with very little change of work until his
death, February 28, 1879. In 1852, Rev. Moses Strong Royce,
A. M., graduate of the University of Vermont, class of 1844, was
appointed professor of Ancient and Modern History and Belles-
Lettres, which position he resigned in August, 1853.

In 1853, WilHam Caldwell Belcher, A. M., a former cadet of the
University, class of 1840, and a graduate of the University of
Vermont, class of 1842, was elected professor of the Natural
Sciences. He proved a most capable instructor. He resigned at
the end of the academic year to take up the study of law.

In 1854, Professor Jackman took the work in Natural Sciences
in addition to his regular studies. Thomas Russell Crosby, A. M.,
M. D., a graduate of Dartmouth College, class of 1841, became
professor of Anatomy and Natural History and held the position
until 1862.

In 1855, Professor Clinton S. Averill returned to the University
and relieved Professor Jackman of the work in the Natural Sciences.
In 1856, he resigned and Professor Jackman again took this work.

In 1859, Alfred Gaudelet, A. M., was appointed instructor of
Modern Languages and Daniel Hoyt Sherman, a graduate of
Chandler School, Dartmouth College, instructor of Mechanical and
Topographical Drawing.

In the fall of 1860, Samuel Walker Shattuck, B. S., of the
class of 1860, was appointed instructor of Mathematics and
Military Tactics, which position he held until he entered the
service in 1863.

In 1861, George Baillard succeeded Alfred Gaudelet as pro-
fessor of the Modern Languages. This same year Professor Sher-
man resigned and Professor Baillard took his work. Professor
Averill again returned to the faculty in April, 1861, and acted as
professor of the Natural Sciences until August, 1862.

Edouard Chamier succeeded Professor Baillard in 1862 as
professor of Modern Languages and Literatures, Linear, Archi-
tectural and Landscape Drawing. Rev. Charles Leland Balch,
a graduate of a New York University and St. John's College,



THE FACULTY AND COURSES OF STUDY. 107

Cambridge, England, was appointed professor of the Latin and
Greek Languages and Literature, relieving President Bourns of
a portion of his work. Professor Balch was an especially able
instructor and had issued several valuable text books.

In August, 1863, Albert H. Gallatin, A. M., M. D., a graduate
of New York University and of the College of Physicians and
Surgeons of New York City, became profe.ssor of Chemistry,
Geology and Mineralogy. In 1864, Henri Louis Delescluze,
A. M., succeeded Edouard Chamier as professor of Modern Lan-
guages, Architectural and Landscape Drawing, and retained the
position until 1867. Professor Delescluze was a graduate of a
French University and a very able instructor. In August, 1864,
Professor Gallatin resignctl.

Charles Nelson Kent, B. S., of the class of 1864, was appointed
instructor of Mathematics and Military Tactics in the summer of
1864. Professor Balch resigned in August, 1864, and Clinton
Jones Hartt, A. B., was appointed instructor of the Latin and
Greek Languages and Literatures and held the position until
the winter of 1865, w^hen he resigned.

Capt. Samuel Walker Shattuck, B. S., returned to the faculty
in the fall of 1865 as adjunct professor of Mathematics, History
and Military Tactics.

The total attendance for the years 1847-66 was 797. Of
this number 185 were graduates.

During this period railway construction was especially active
and many of the cadets, on securing positions, did not wait to
receive their degrees.

Two courses were given at the University during this period,
the Classical and Scientific. The courses were nearly identical, as
the classical men were required to carry all the mathematics
of the Scientific course. During 1847-54, it took three years to
complete the Classical course, and two years for the Scientific.
In 1855, the length of time to complete the course was extended
to four and three years, respectively.

CLASSICAL COURSE 1847-66.
1847-50.

English Grammar, Ancient and Modern Geography, Ancient
and Modern History, Rhetoric, Logic, English Literature, Moral
Science, Mental Philosophy, Natural and Political Law, Natural
Theology, Evidences of Christianity, Political Economy, Con-



108 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

stitution of the United States, Ancient and Modern Languages,
Algebra, Geometry, Navigation, Surveying, Analytical Geometry,
Descriptive Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Calculus,
Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Astronomy, Geology, Mineralogy,
Military Tactics, Topographical and Military Drawing, Military
Science, Civil Engineering.

The work was taught as follows:

First Year. Fall term, English Grammar, Rhetoric, Alge-
bra, Geometry, Latin Grammar, Odes of Homer; Spring term,
Ancient History, Ancient Geography, Rhetoric completed.
Algebra and Geometry completed, Latin Grammar, Satires of
Horace; Summer term. Modern History, Modern Geography,
Logic, Geology, Mineralogy, Latin Grammar, Cicero de Oratore.

Second Year. Fall term. Logic completed, Lectures on
Common Law, Analytical Geometry, Natural Philosophy, Latin
Grammar, Cicero de Senectutc; Spring term, Natural Theology,
Evidences of Christianity, Political Economy, Descriptive Geo-
metry, Astronomy, Latin Grammar, Terence; Summer term,
Political Economy completed, Moral Science, Chemistry, Naviga-
tion, Latin Grammar, Satires of Juvenal.

Third Year. Fall term. Moral Science completed. Natural
and Political Law, Davie's Lights and Shadows, Topographical
Drawing, Greek Grammar, Euripides; Spring term. Intellectual
Philosophy, Constitution of the United States, Differential and
Integral Calculus, Greek Grammar, Sophocles; Summer term.
Constitution of the United States completed, International Law,
Civil Engineering, Greek Grammar, Demosthenes de Corona.

1850-55.

First Year. Fall term, Virgil with Prosody, Leipsic in
Class, Xenophon's Anabasis, Greek Grammar reviewed, Algebra,
Geometry; Winter term, Livy, Latin Prose Composition, Herodo-
tus, Algebra, Geometry completed. Trigonometry and Mensura-
tion; Spring term, Horace (Odes) Mythology, Homer; Fiske's
Antiquities, Analytical Geometry, Natural Philosophy; Summer
term, Horace (Satires) continued, Homer continued, Natural
Philosophy completed. Navigation and Surveying.

Second Year. Fall term, Terence, Greek Composition,
Descriptive Geometry, English Grammar; Winter term, Cicero de
Oratore, Sophocles, Differential and Integral Calculus, Whatley's
Lessons on Reasoning; Spring term, Juvenal and Persius, Aeschy-



COURSES OF STUDY. 109

lus, Astronomy, Russell's Elocutionist; Summer term, Plautus
Captivi, Demosthenes, Shades and Shadows, Rhetoric.

Third Year. Fall term, Civil Engineering, Mechanical
Drawing, History of Greece, PoUtical Economy; Winter term.
Chemistry, Manual of History, Taylor's Conduct of the Under-
standing; Spring term, Cicero's Tusculan Questions, Geology,
Logic, Psychology, Locke on the Human Understanding; Sum-
mer term, Plato's Defence of Socrates, Mineralogy, History of
Civilization, Butler's Analogy.

1855-6L

First Year. Fall term, Algebra, Roman History, Virgil,
last six books, Latin Grammar; Spring term, Algebra finished,
Geometry commenced, Greek History, Rhetoric commenced,
Xenophon's Anabasis, Greek Grammar, Horace's Odes, Latin
Prose Composition; Summer term, Geometry finished, Rhetoric
finished, English History, Horace's Odes, Prosody, Herodotus
commenced, Latin Prose Composition.

Second Year. Fall term, Chemistry, Herodotus, Horace's
Satires, Cicero's Brutus, Homer completed, Greek Prose Com-
position; Spring term, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Descriptive
Geometry, Geology, Livy, Latin Prose Composition; Summer
term, Homer continued, Greek Prose, Composition, Mineralogy,
Shades and Shadows, Surveying.

Third Year. Fall term, Plautus Captivi, Terence, Logic,
Roman Antiquities, Anah'tical Geometry; Spring term, Euripides,
Sophocles, Cicero de Oratore, Greek Antiquities, Physiology,
Natural History, Differential and Integral Calculus; Summer
term, Analytical Mechanics, Juvenal and Persius, Laws of Nations.
Fourth Year. Fall term. Acoustics and Optics, Consti-
tution of the United States, Political Economy, Psychology,
Intellectual Philosophy, Demosthenes and Longinus; Spring term.
Intellectual Philosophy completed, Philosophy of the Mind,
Kames' Elements, Tacitus, Cicero's Tusculan Questions, Political
Economy completed, Astronomy; Summer term, Navigation,
Civil Engineering, Kames' Elements completed, Field Practice
with Instruments.

1861-64.

First Year. Fall term, Algebra, Roman History, Mrgil,
Latin Grammar; Spring term, Algebra completed, Geometry
commenced, History of Greece, Xenophon's Anabasis, Latin Prose



IIU NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

Composition; Summer term, Geometry completed, English His-
tory, Horace's Odes, Prosody, Herodotus commenced, Latin
Prose Composition.

Second Year. Fall term, Chemistry, Rhetoric, Herodotus,
Horace's Satires, Cicero's Brutus, Homer, Greek Prose Composi-
tion; Spring term. Trigonometry, Mensuration, Descriptive Geo-
metry, Geology, Livy, Greek Prose Composition; Summer term.
Surveying, Navigation, Shades and Shadows, Homer, Mineralogy.

Third Year. Fall term. Analytical Geometry, Logic, Plau-
tus' Captivi, Terence, Roman Antiquities; Spring term. Differential
and Integral Calculus, Physiology, Natural History, Euripides,
Cicero de Oratore, Grecian Antiquities; Summer term. Analytical
Mechanics commenced, Laws of Nations, Juvenal and Persius.

Fourth Year. Fall term. Analytical Mechanics completed.
Constitution of the United States, Political Economy commenced.
Psychology, Demosthenes and Longinus; Spring term. Acoustics
and Optics, Intellectual Philosophy, Philosophy of the Mind,
Political Economy completed, Kame's Elements, Tacitus, Cicero's
Tusculan Questions; Summer term, Astronomy, Civil Engineering
and Field Practice, Kame's Elements, Rhetoric.

1865-66.

First Year. Fall term, Livy, Xenophon's Memorabilia,
Algebra, Roman History; Spring term, Horace's Ode's and Epodes,
Homer, Algebra completed. Geometry commenced, History of
Greece; Summer term, Cicero's de Officis or Oratore, Homer,
Herodotus, Geometry completed. History of England, Latin and
Greek Prose Composition through the year.

Second Year. Fall term. Satires and Epistles of Horace,
Aeschylus or Sophocles, Chemistry, Physiology; Spring term,
Juvenal and Persius, Euripides, Alcestis and Medoea Trigonometry,
Mensuration and Descriptive Geometry, Geology; Summer term,
Tacitus, Plautus Captivi, Demosthenes' de Corona or Aeschines,
Shades and Shadows, Surveying, Mineralogy, Roman and Grecian
Antiquities through the year.

Third Year. Fall term, Terence, Analytical Geometry,
Rhetoric, History of Civilization, French Spelling Lessons, Fas-
quelle's Grammar; Spring term, Thucydides, Differential and
Integral Calculus, Democracy of America, Williams' French
Conversation, Perrin's Fables; Summer term, Cicero's Tusculan
Questions, Calculus completed, Mechanics commenced, Political



COURSES OF STUDY. Ill

Economy and Constitution of the United States, French, Paul
and Virginia, Fasquelle's Grammar, Spanish Language, (elective).
Fourth Year. Fall term, Mechanics completed, Law of
Nations, Logic, French, Michelet's History, Poitevin's Grammar;
Spring term, Acoustics and Optics, Intellectual Philosophy, Psy-
chology and Kame's Elements, French, MoHere; Summer term,
Astronomy and Civil Engineering, Moral Science, Rhetoric.

SCIENTIFIC COURSE 1847-66.

1847-50.

In addition to the studies in Mihtary Tactics and Military
Science, a student to be entitled to a certificate as a Civil Engineer
was required to complete the following branches: English Language,
Geography, Rhetoric and Logic, History, Geometry, Mensuration,
Navigation, Analytical Geometry, Natural Philosophy, Algebra,
Trigonometry, Surveying, Descriptive Geometry, Calculus, Chem-
istry, Mineralogy, Civil Engineering, Geology.

1850-52.

First Year. Fall term, Algebra, Geometry, English Gram-
mar, Lessons on Reasoning; Winter term, Algebra and Geometry
completed, Trigonometry and Mensuration, History of Rome,
Manual of History; Spring term. Analytical Geometry, Natural
Philosophy, Logic; Summer term, Natural Philosophy completed.
Navigation and Surveying, Botany.

Second Year. Fall term. Descriptive Geometry, Russell's
Elocutionist, Civil Engineering, Gillespie on Roads and Railroads;
Winter term, Differential and Integral Calculus, Chemistry, Anat-
omy and Physiology; Spring term, Astronomy, Geology, Rhetoric;
Summer term. Shades and Shadows, Mechanical Drawing, Mineral-
ogy, Mahan on the Science of War and Fortification.

1853-54.

First Year. Fall term. Algebra, Geometry; Winter term,
Algebra, Geometry, including Trigonometry, plane and spherical,
and Mensuration; Spring term, Geometry and Algebra, Roman
History, Conic Sections; Summer term. Algebra, Geometry, Survey-
ing, Navigation, Greek History.



112 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

Second Year. Fall term, Analytical Geometry, Manual
of History; Winter term, Descriptive Geometry, Rhetoric; Spring-
term, Natural Philosophy, Differential and Intergral Calculus;
Summer term, Natural Philosophy and Calculus completed.

Third Year. Fall term, Chemistry, Mineralogy, Logic;
Winter term. Geology, Astronomy, Acoustics and Optics, Political
Economy; Spring term, Shades and Shadows, English Literature,
Psychology; Summer term. Civil Engineering, Topographical
Drawing, Mental Philosophy.

1855-61.

First Year. Fall term, Algebra, Geometry, Roman History;
Spring term, Algebra, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Descriptive
Geometry, Greek History, Rhetoric commenced; Summer term.
Algebra, Geometry, Shades and Shadows, English History.



Online LibraryWilliam Arba EllisNorwich University, 1819-1911; her history, her graduates, her roll of honor (Volume 1) → online text (page 12 of 61)