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Edwin F. Johnson, '25, was a distinguished writer on engineering
and scientific subjects. John C. Holbrook, '25, and Truman B.
Ransom, '25, were authors of IMilitary Tactics and other military
publications. John C. Holbrook, '25, was for several years
engaged in the puljlishing business, and was the author of " Recol-
lections of a Nonagenarian," and several religious and historical
articles. Gideon Welles, '26, was a prominent writer on political
subjects. His "Diary," has just been published in the Atlantic
Monthhj. William Duane, '26, was the author of several historical
works, and William H. Brisbane, '26, a writer on religious and
political subjects. Bernard Shipp, '27, became an authority
on the early Spanish explorations in America. His library,
valued at $100,000, was lately presented to the University of
Virginia. Frederick A. Porcher, '27, was an authority on South



390 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

Carolina history and John P. Jones, '27, the author of several
law books. John T. Blois, '27, wrote several historical works.
Philip Phillips, '28, was a prolific writer, on law subjects and
Ralph L. North, '28, was also a prominent author of law works.
Luther R. Marsh, '28, was a well known writer on philosophical,
religious and political subjects.

George M. Colvocoresses, '31, was the author of works on
travel, and Alonzo A. Miner, '33, the writer of many religious
works. Benjamin F. Marsh, '35, was the writer of several mathe-
matical works. Alonzo Jackman, '36, published several pamph-
lets on mathematical subjects. Josiah Swett, '37, was the author
of several text books, religious and literary works. Cyrus H. Fay,




• • Pennsylvania R. R. Station, New York City, McKim, Mead and White, Architects.

'37, was the author of several poems, and religious and historical
articles. Luther J. Fletcher, '41, was a prolific writer of religious
and literary works. George H. Derby, '42, under the pen name of
"JohnPhoenix," became one of the greatest of American humorists.
William W. H. Davis, '42, wrote several historical, and Nathan B.
Webster, '43, several scientific works. Orlando D. Miller, '45,
was a prolific writer on religious and archaeological subjects.
William H. Tucker, '47, was the author of the " History of Hart-
ford, Vt.," and several historical articles. Luther S. Dixon, '48,
was the writer of several volumes of the Wisconsin Reports and of
many articles on law subjects.

Henry W. Holley, '50, wrote several volumes of poems.
Sullivan H. McCollester, '51, is the author of several works on
travel ; and is also a frequent contributor to the religious and edu-



AUTHORS.



391



cational press of the country. Grenville M. Dodge, '51, has written
many articles on engineering and military subjects. Henry O,
Kent, '54, was the author of many poems and many of his addresses
on historical, military and political subjects have been published.
Granville P. Conn, '54, is the author of "New Hampshire
Surgeons in the Rebellion," and many historical and medical
articles. Oscar H. Leland, '54, is the author of a valuable work
on the genealogy of the Leland family; and Egbert Phelps, '55,
is the writer of several poems. William R. Huntington, '56, was
the author of many religious works.

Henry A. Robbins, '60, is the author of several medical and
historical articles. Charles A. Curtis, '61, wrote several poems,
historical articles, and novels. Theodore H. Kellogg, '62, is the
author of several medical text books and monographs on medical
and scientific subjects.

Henry E. Alvord, '63, was a well known writer on agriculture.
Lemuel A. Abbott, '64, was the author of the " Abbott Genealogy,' '
and several historical articles. Dwight H. Kelton, '64, published
several historical works. Charles N. Kent, '64, was the author of
the "History of the Seventeenth New Hampshire Regiment," and
several historical articles. George P. Colvocoresses, '66, is the
author of several articles on military and historical subjects, and
William R. Cutter, '68, is a prominent genealogical and historical
writer.

George D. Thomas, '76, is the author of several poems.
Malverd A. Howe, '82, has gained prominence as a writer of engi-
neering text books, and Nelson L. Sheldon, '84, has published
several articles on historical subjects.



'64. Abbott, Lemuel A. '27.

'63. Alvord, Henry E. '50.

47. Balloch, George W. '29.

'25. Binney, Charles J. F. '29.

'27. Blois, John T. '69.

'46. Bridge, Norman D. '25.

'26. Brisbane, William H. '45.

'24. Brownson, Orestes A.

'31. Colvocoresses, Geo. M. '85.

'66. Colvocoresses, Geo. P. '78.

'54. Conn, Granville P. '25.

'61. Curtis, Charles A. '25.

'25. Cushman, Henry W. '27.

'68. Cutter, William R. '50.

'42. Davis, William W. H. '82.

'42. Derbv, George H. '56.

'61. DePoincy, William J. 67.

'48. DLxon, Luther S. '36.

'51. Dodge, Grenville .M. '25.

'45. Dow, Roswell '29.

26. Drake, Charles D. '27.

'26. Duane, William '62.

'52. Elliot, George H. '64.

'98. Ellis, George H. '64.

'37. Fay. Cyrus H. '54.

'23. Fiske, Theophilus '23.

'41. Flint, Ephraim '41.

'41. Fletcher, Luther J.



Frazer, John Fries '54.

Gray, Ormando W. '58.

Habershan,RichardW. '51.
Hale, Osmer

Hathaway ,Clarence L. '35.

Hayes, Augustus A. '28.

Hemenway, Stillman '52.

R. '45.

Hersey, Henry B. '33.

Hiland, Frank E. '83.

Holbrook, John '38.

Holbrook, John C. '23.

Holley, George W. '28.

Holley, Henry W. '28.

Howe, Malverd A. '27.

Huntington,WilliamR. '23.

Hurlbut, Myron R. '04.

Jackman, Alonzo '25.

Johnson, Edwin F. '60.

Johnson, Richard B. '51.

Jones, John P. '71.

Kellogg, Theodore H. '26.

Kelton, Dwight H. '28.

Kent, Charles N. '29.

Kent, Henry O. '27.

Kimball, Oilman '25.

Lander, Frederick W. '64.



Leland, Oscar H.
Lawrence, Arthur
MeCollester, Sullivan

H.
Marsh, Benjamin F.
Marsh, Luther R.
Merrill, Edward B.
Miller, Orlando D.
Miner, Alonzo A.
Miner, George R.
Moore, John H.
Newton, Calvin P.
North, Ralph L.
Phillips, Philip
Porcher, Frederick A.
Prentiss, John W.
Rainey, Homer E. C.
Ransom, Truman B.
Robbins, Henry A.
Russell, Frederick W.
Scott, Adrian
Sedgwick, Theodore
Seymour, Horatio
Seymour, Thomas H.
Shipp, Bernard
Sigourney,Henr>-H.W.
Slay ton, Henry L.



392 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.



'29.


Smith, Isaac T.


'37.


Swett, Josiah


'23.


Ward, James H.


'47.


Standish, James V. N.


'70.


Thomas, George D.


'55.


Waterman, Arba N.


'25.


Stockbridge, Joseph


'27.


Trowbridge, ThomasR.


'43.


Webster, Nathan B.


'50.


Stanyan, John M.


'47.


Tuclier, William H.


'26.


Welles, Gideon


'65.


Stoddard, Edward L.


'23.


Tyler, Benjamin M.

ORATORS.


'23.
'34.


Williston, Ebenezer B
Wright, Horatio Gates



The following number of alumni attained great prominence as
orators: Valentine B. Horton, '25, Truman B. Ransom, '25, Edwin
F. Johnson, '25, William A. Beach, '26, Gideon Welles, '26, Ed-
ward Stanley, '27, Horatio Seymour, '26, Thomas Bragg, '28,
Philip Phillips, '28, Thomas H. Seymour, '29, Jefferson P. Kidder,
'32, Cyrus H. Fay, '37, Luther J. Fletcher, '41, William L. Lee,
'42, Henry O. Kent, '54, Edward L. Stoddard, '54 and Samuel
H. Greene, '65.

The following cadets were popular lecturers: Theophilus
Fiske, '23, Orestes A. Brownson, '24, William H. Brisbane, '26,
Luther J. Fletcher, '41, Sullivan H. McCollester, '51. Henry L.
Slayton, '64, was for many years the popular manager of the
Slayton Lyceum Lecture Bureau in Chicago.

EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS.

Fifty-four of the alumni and past cadets have been editors and
proprietors of papers. Joseph Stockbridge, '23, was editor of
papers in Boston and New York; Theophilus Fiske, '23, in New
England and the South; Daniel H. Bingham, '23, in Alabama.
John C. Holbrook, '25, was editor of the Congregational Herald.
Gideon Welles, '26, as editor of the Hartford Times of Connecticut,
wielded great political influence. William H. Brisbane, '26, was
editor of papers in various sections of the country. William Syme,
'26, as editor of the Petersburg Intelligencer in Virginia and the
Raleigh Register in North Carolina, wielded great political influence
in the South. Thomas H. Seymour, '29, was the editor of the Jeffer-
sonian of Hartford, Conn. John J. Hyde, '29, was one of the associ-
ate editors of the Neiv York World. Alonzo Jackman, '26, and
Josiah Swett, '37, were associated in publishing the Citizen Soldier in
Norwich, Vt. Jonathan Tarbell, '39, was the editor of the Northern
Standard of Keeseville, N. Y., and the Oswego, N. Y., Times.

William W. H. Davis, '42, was the editor of the Santa Fe,
New Mexico Gazette, one of the first papers printed in the Territory.
Lie was also for many years editor of the Doylestown Democrat.
Edward M. Brown, '44, gained prominence as editor of the Spirit
of the Age, in Woodstock, Vt.,the Vermont Patriot in Montpelier,



PRINTERS AND PUBLISHERS.



393



Vt., and the Delia i)ublished at New Orleans, La., in the interest of
the Union Army; and the Vermont Watchman in Montpelier, Vt.
DaN-id K. Noyes, '45, was editor of the Bariboo, Wis., Republic, the
first i)ai)er established in that city. Julius C. Cliandler, '45, was
editor of several newspapers in Wisconsin. Henry W. HoUey,
'")(), was editor of tlie Chatfield, Minn., Republican and Henry O.
Kent, '54, the Coos Republican of Lancaster, N. H. William S.
Burton, '55, Avas the editor of the North Adams Transcript.
Oscar E. Learnard, '55, became prominent as the editor and pul)-
lislier of the Lawrence, Kansas, Daily Journal. William A. Tread-
well, '57, served for some years as military editor of the Neio
York Press.

Arthur Chase, '56, and Thomas .J. Lasier, '64, were editors of
the National Eagle, Claremont, N. H., Harlan P. Davidson, '67,
was, for some time, editor of papers in New Jersey. Charles
Marseilles, '67, has gained prominence as editor of the Exeter,
N. H. News Letter and the Kingston, N. Y., Daily Freeman and
Weekly Journal. George D. Thomas, '76, was for several years
assistant editor of the Boston Herald. Harry C. Dele, '77, is the
editor of the West Jersey Press, Camden N. J. David T. AYinton,
'81, was for several years editor of papers in Michigan and Con-
necticut. John W. Ramsay, '83, served as editor of the Granite
City Leader, Barre, Vt. George R. Miner, '83, has gained promi-
nence in this profession. He has served as Sunday editor of the
New York World, and Herald; editor of the Cosmopolitan Magazine.
He is at present manager of the London edition of the New York
Herald. L. B. Johnson, '88, as editor of the Randolph, Vt.,
Herald and Charles W. Pierce as editor of the Waltham, Mass.
Evening News are gaining prominence in the profession.

Pierce, Charles W.
Pierce, Warren A.
Prentiss, John W.
Ramsay, John W.
Seymour, Thomas H.
Slay ton, Henry L.
Stockbritlge, Joseph
Sweeney, Henry C.
Swett. Josiah
Syme, John W.
Tarbell, Jonathan
Thomas, George D.
Treadwell, William A.
Upham, Edward D.
Warner, Stanley M.
Welles, Gideon '
Wentworth,Charles E.
Winton,Da\-idT,



74.


Adams, Solon


'77.


Dole, Harry 0.


'92.


'06.


Barrett, Carl A.


•87.


Egertou, Frederick T


•93.


'24.


Bingham, Daniel H.


•98.


Ellis, G. Harold


'23.


'26.


Brisbane, William H.


'23.


Fiske, Theophilus


'83.


'44.


Brown, Edward M.


'1)7.


Gibson, James


'29.


'6.-J.


Brown, Leonard B.


'T.i.


Hadley, George W.


'64.


'20.


Burdett, Charles


'25.


Holbrook, John C.


'23.


'.5.5.


Bvirton, AViiliam S.


'.50.


Holley, Henry W.


'91.


'89.


Chamberlain, Ben H.


'27.


Huntington, Erastus


'37.


'45.


Chamiler, Julius C.


'23.


Hutchinson, Henry S.


'27.


'56.


Chase, Arthur


'29.


Hyde, John J.


'.39.


'91.


Child, Robert A.


'36.


Jackman, Alonzo


•76.


'46.


Cole, Daniel B.


'88.


Johnson, Luther B.


'57.


•69.


Cooke, Albert W.


'.54.


Kent, Henry 0.


•74,


'45.


Crowninshield.John E.


'55.


Learnard, Oscar E.


•48.


•69.


Currier. Frank P.


'64.


Lasier. Thomas J.


'26.


•42.


Davis, W^illiam W\ H.


•67.


Marseilles, Charles


•65.


•67.


DaATdson, Harlan P.


'83.


Miner, George R.


'81.


•98.


Dinsmoor, Paul A,


•45.


Noyes, David K.





394 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

LIBRARIANS.

Several of the graduates followed library work as a profession.
Charles R. Lowell, '26, was for a number of years assistant libra-
rian of the Boston Athenaeum Library. Benjamin H. Rhodes,
'25, served for many years as librarian of the Redwood Library,
Newport, R. I. John H. T. Magruder, '26, was for a number
of years librarian of the State Library of Maryland. Oren Marsh,
'32, was the first state librarian of Michigan. Sumner A. Howard,
'39, served for many years as librarian of the Danvers, Mass.,
public library. William R. Cutter, '68, is one of the best known
librarians in Massachusetts, serving for many years as librarian
of the Woburn library. He is now its librarian emeritus.

SECRET SOCIETIES.

A large number of the alumni have been prominent in the
Masonic Lodge. The following cadets attained the 33d degree:
William B. Huggins, '29, William C. Belcher, '40; George W.
Balloch, '47; Sewall Truax, '53; Henry 0. Kent, '54, Sayles
Nichols, '55; George O. Tyler, '57 and Howard F. Hill, '67. Wil-
liam F. Collins, '28, was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of
North Carolina; and William C. Belcher, '40, and George O.
Tyler, '57, held the same office in California and Quebec, respec-
tively. A large nimiber of the cadets have been prominent in
the Knights Templar, where their military training has been of
great advantage, as eminent commanders.

Several of the cadets have been prominent in the Independent
Order of Odd Fellows. Josiah Marvin, '39, was Grand Master
of the Grand Lodge of INIinnesota.

Several of the alumni have gained prominence in the
Knights of Pythias, especially in the Uniform Ranks. Thomas H.
Nickerson, '84, was Grand Chancellor of the Grand Lodge of
Georgia. Harry W. Daniell, '73, served for some time as colonel
and inspector general of the Uniform Ranks of New Hampshire.



CHAPTER IX.

The Military Service of the Alumxi and Past Cadets of
Norwich University.

The Purpose of the Academy — History of Military Schools
Founded ijy Captain Partridge and Norwich Men — Black Hawk War —
Seminole War — Mexican War — Civil War — Spanish-American War —
Service in the U. S. Army and Navy — Foreign Service — Roll of Honor —
Service in the State Militia.

As stated in previous chapters, the American Literary,
Scientific and Military Academy was founded by Captain Partridge
to furnish the young men of our country an institution where they
could receive a thorough military training, as well as a technical
education.

It was not the purpose of the founder of our college to so
teach the military work as to create a desire to follow the pro-
fession as a life work; but rather to encourage the cadets to become
citizen soldiers, and be ready in case of need to fight for the country,
if war was declared or insurrections occurred. To learn how well
the cadets have follo^^•ed out the plan of education instituted by
Captain Partridge, one has only to study the long Roll of Honor
appended to this chapter. Captain Partridge was the first to
advocate the instruction of the young men of this country in the
art of war; and to carry out his plan founded several military
schools in various sections of the country, as feeders for the main
Institution at Norwich.

Several of the graduates also founded schools. Through the
training received by the young men in these academies, the coun-
try, both North and South received great benefit during the Civil
War. Brief histories of the various schools so far as known are
given below.

The New Jersey Institution was founded in Orange, N.' J.,
in the summer of 1828, by Truman B. Ransom, '25, and Elisha
Dunbar, '25, and was opened for the reception of students in
August, of the same year. On March 14, 1880, Professor Dunbar
died, and in a short time the school was discontinued. A com-
plete military course was given.



396 norwich university.

The Jefferson Military College, Washington, Missis-
sippi. In 182S, the trustees of this Institution secured Professor
K. B. Williston, '23, as president and Maj. John Holbrook, '25,
as superintendent of the Scientific Department. ]\Iajor Holbrook
soon introduced the military system as carried out in Norwich,
Vermont. In April, 1832 President Williston resigned, owing to
ill health, and Major Holbrook was elected as his successoi-, holding
tlie position until his death in August, the same year.

Prof. Truman B. Ransom, '25, who had been appointed pro-
fessor of Mathematics and Tactics early in 1832, was appointed
acting president to have full charge of the Institution until Captain
Partridge, who had been elected as Major Plolbrook's successor,
could assume the office. Captain Partridge finding that he could
not give all of his time to the management of the college, soon
resigned and Professor Ransom continued as acting president until
1834 when he resigned the position and returned to Norwich. The
college was very prosperous for several years.

The Literary, Scientific and Military Academy of
Fayetteville, N. C, was opened by Col. Truman B. Ransom' 25,
May 1, 1830, and conducted by him until August, 1831, when all
the buildings were burned. The Academy was conducted in a
manner similar to the main Institution in Norwich, Vermont, and
was supervised by a " council of advice' ' consisting of five members.
The Academy was very prosperous, having students from all parts
of the South. Owing to his heavy loss in this fire. Colonel Ransom
was unable to rebuild, and the Academy was suspended. The
Star of Raleigh, N. C, under date of December 2, 1830, gives a very
interesting account of a march made by Captain Ransom's cadets
to Raleigh in November, 1830. Exhibition drills were given before
the govei-nor and the state legislature. A detachment of cadets
from the Oxford, (N. C.) Literar}^, Scientific and Military Academy
under command of Captain Daniel H. Bingham, '23, was also in
Raleigh at the same time.

The Oxford Literary, Scientific and Military Academy
was founded in Oxford, N. C, in the early part of 1830, by
Daniel H. l^ingham, '23. Very little data has been preserved of
this school. A detachment of cadets, under command of Cap-
tain Bingham, visited Raleigh, November 25, 1830, the same
date Captain Ranson was present with his corps. The Star
gives a very complete account of the visit. The cadets of the
two academies received the praise of the state papers foi- their
soldierly bearing and their proficiency in drill.



military schools founded by norwich men. 397

The Vikcima Literary, .Scientific and ^Iilitary Academy
was founded in Portsmouth, Va., in 1S39 1)Y Captain Alden Part-
ridge. The academy was soon recognized In' the state and was
aided by an appropriation from the literary fund. The academy
was conducted by Captain Partridge until 1856, when the school
was discontinued. For several years the institution was very
prosperous. Many of the graduates and past cadets became promi-
nent in civil and military life. The work of this academy was con-
ducted almost entirely by the graduates of " N. U.' ' We give the
names of the Norwich men, so far as known, who were connected
with the school. Superintendents: Johnson Shedd, '3S, 1839-
February, 1842; Nathan B. Webster, '43, February, 1842-June,
1843, June 1844-46; William W. H. Davis, '42, June, 1843-June,
1844; Commandant: Andrew J. Doin, '41, 1842-44; Professors:
Oel A. Buck, '42, 1842-44; W. W. H. Davis, '42, 1842-44; Andrew
J. Dorn, '41, 1842-44; William L. Lee, '42, 1842-43; Johnson
Shedd, '38, 1839-42; Nathan B. Webster, '43, 1841-46; Simeon
Wheeler, '40, 1841-43.

The Collegiate and Commercial Institute was founded
by General William H. Russell in New Haven, Conn., about 1840.
The aim of the school was to give a thorough preparation for
college and business. General Russell followed closely in the
footsteps of his old instructor Captain Partridge, paying especial
attention to drill and the study of tactics. This was, so far as
known, the first military school founded in New England, out side
of the old A. L. S. & M. Academy. The school attained a high
reputation on account of the many successful competitive drills
with other military organizations in the state. Between three
and four thousand cadets attended the school, many attaining
tlistinction in civil life and the army.

The Pennsylvania Literary, Scientific and Military
Academy was opened in Bristol, Pa., September 5, 1842, Ijy Cap-
tain Partridge, and was conducted by him until April, 1845, when
the school was discontinued and opened at Harrisburg, Pa., on
April 14, of the same year. This Academy was conducted by the
graduates and past cadets of '' N. U.' ' Henry V. Morris, '36, served
as professor of Mathematics and Tactics, 1843-45; Alvin E. Bovay,
'41, was in charge of the Classical Department, 1843-44. Edward
M. Brown, '44, was instructor of Mathematics, April, 1844- April,
1845.

The Pennsylvania Military Institute was opened by
Captain Partridge in Harrisburg, Pa., April 14, 1845. On Jan-



398 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

nary 31, 1845, he wrote Mr. William Ayres, of Harrisbiirg in
regard to moving his school from Bristol to that city. A meeting
was soon held in the Court House in Harrisburg which was largely
attended. General Adam Diller, Adjutant General of the State,
promised the loan of the necessary arms and equipment. On
February 18, 1845, Captain Partridge visited the city and made the
final arrangements, and in April, the military school in Bristol was
closed and removed to Harrisburg. The old " Temperance Hotel' '
on State and Second streets was secured for the Institute and the
school was opened for the reception of students April 1-1, 1845.

Prof. Charles E. Partridge, a grachiate of Dartmouth College,
class of 1844, and a native of Norwich, Vermont, was given charge
of the Classical and English Departments; Prof. Jabez C. Crooker,
" N. U.' ' '43, was secured as commandant and professor of Mathe-
matics and Military Science and Tactics; Otis S. Tenney, " N. U.,"
'45, as assistant professor and Edwin S. Perkins, a graduate of
the old " Academy,' ' class of 1828, as instructor in ]\lusic and Fenc-
ing. In 1846, Professor Crooker resigned and Frederick W.
Partridge, " N. U.,'' '45, succeeded him as commandant, and in
the same year Professor Tenney resigned. The school was then
managed by a committee of visitation, appointed by Captain
Partridge, May 27, 1845, consisting of William Ayres, chairman,
Dr. Luther Reily, Gen. C. Seiller, James McCormick, Esq., and
Francis Wyeth. Captain Partridge never had the active manage-
ment, and only visited the Institute at stated periods to deliver
his course of lectures on military subjects. In September, 1846,
Professor Partridge was appointed superintendent, and in the early
part of 1847, owing to failing health, he was forced to resign. In
March, 1847, Professor F. W. Partridge resigned to enlist in the
state troops for the Mexican War. The visitation committee hired
a Mr. Long to act as principal until the end of the academic year.
In the fall of 1847, a strenuous effort was made to continue the
school on a sounder basis. Captain Partridge secured Prof. James
W. Phillips, a graduate of the Institution in Norwich, as principal,
and the institute was opened, September 6, 1847. The attendance
was small, and the last public notice of the school was on the occa-
sion of the firing of the National salute, February 22, 1848.

A regular collegiate course was given, especial attention being
given to Mathematics and Military Science. The uniform con-
sisted of a hussar jacket of dark blue cloth, with standing collar;
a single row sHver bullet buttons in front; single buttons at the
cuffs and side of collar. In the winter the corps wore dark blue



MILITARY SCHOOLS FOUNDED BY NORWICH MEN. 399

clotli pantaloons and in the summer white. The cap was bhie,
encircled with a broad gold band.

Several extended marches were made. A literary society,
called the Philomathian was conducted by the cadets, each mem-
ber wearing the Greek letter in brass on the cap. This society
conducted a paper. The entire attendance cannot be given
accurately, but from the imperfect rolls, the names of 102 cadets
have been preserved. Of this number six died before the Civil
War and 52 or 54 percent of the students entered the service.



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