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Col. Moore, the landlord, light refreshments were served to the
corps in ranks. At 2.30 p. m. they dined at Mr. Hutchins' Inn at
Andover, and at 5.00 p. m. reached the East village in Salisbury,
where a halt was made for the night, having covered a distance of
twenty-eight miles. They were hospitably entertained by the
citizens of the town. A large building was furnished for their
quarters. At 9.00 a. m. the next day the march was resumed for
Concord, sixteen miles distant. The corp^ passed over the plains
of Boscawen and through the village of Merrimack. At 4.00 a. m.
as they neared the city of Concord, they were met by a company
of infantry commanded by Captain Stickney, and were escorted
through the main street of the city to the State House common,
being cheered by the applause of a great crowd of people and the
booming of cannon. They were welcomed to the city by Samuel
Sparhawk, secretary of state and father of Oliver Sparhawk, a
member of the corps. Captain Partridge made a brief speech in
response.



PRESENTATION OF THE BATTALION FLAG. 23

We quote from the New Ham'pshire Patriot of June 17, 1822 :
" The citizens of this town and a vast concourse of strangers
assembled on this occasion, having enjoyed with great satisfaction
the recent visit of Captain Partridge and his Cadets. Though,
from the high reputation of the school at Norwich, we had antici-
pated much, our expectations were far exceeded in the neatness
of their appearance, the order and perfection of their discipline,
and U esprit dv corps with which they seemed to be animated.' '

On Sunday the 16th, the corps attended public worship at the
McFarland Meeting House. On Monday the 17th, the corps
paraded on the common. A dress parade was given, guard mount
and the various evolutions of the battalion were executed. In
the evening Captain Partridge delivered, in the House of Repre-
sentatives, his historical lecture on the "Battle of Waterloo." On
Tuesday morning the corps was received by Governor Bell and
staff, the Adjutant and Inspector General. Some time was spent
in various drills and firing.

In the afternoon the young ladies of Rev. J. L. Blake's
Literary School presented the corps with a battalion flag, represent-
ing on one side the emblem of the State and on the reverse side the
emblems of the sciences and arts. The cadets were drawn up
in front of the State House. Miss Mary Jane Kent presented the
flag in a very graceful manner and made the presentation address.
Cadet Joseph D. Allen responded for the corps in an eloquent speech.

The New Hampshire Patriot states :

"We have never witnessed in this place any public ceremo-
nies in which the people were so universally interested; indeed
the spectacle was one eminently calculated to interest the feel-
ings. Two thousand spectators had assembled and occupied
every spot around the common. The corps was composed of
mere youth, who yet exhibited the decorum and precision of
age. During their stay in this place it is but just to remark
that the individual deportment was such as gave great satisfac-
tion to the people and will long be remembered as a bright
promise of future excellence.' '

The flag that was presented to the corps is now in the posses-
sion of Captain H. V. Partridge of Norwich, and we hope to see
it placed in Carnegie Libraiy with the other relics and trophies
of old "N. U." In the evening Captain Partridge delivered his
address on "'The Improvement of the Militia as a Means of Na-
tional Defence."'



24 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

The corps left Concord at 9.00 a. m., June 19, on their return
march to Norwich. They reached Hopkinton at noon, and were
escorted through the town by a company of infantry under the
command of Captain C. Chase, and a company of riflemen com-
manded by Thomas Bailey. The corps was entertained by Col-
onel Roger Perkins, father of Hamilton E. Perkins, one of the
cadets. The afternoon was spent in the various drills. The corps
was billeted out with the inhabitants for the night. The corps
left the next morning at 9.00 a. m. for Henniker. On their ap-
proach to that town they were met by the Hon. Judge Darling,
father of J. P. Darling, one of the cadets, and an escort of riflemen
under the command of Captain Campbell. Judge Darling wel-
comed them to town with an eloquent address, which was responded
to by Captain Partridge. After giving exhibition drills the corps
left at 2.00 p. m. for Hillsboro, where they arrived in the early
evening, having marched eighteen miles. It rained during the
afternoon and the corps was drenched, yet like true soldiers con-
tinued the march. They were welcomed to town by General Pierce.

They left town the next morning for Washington at 6.30 a. m.,
arriving there at 1.00 p. m. The march was continued through
Goshen to Newport, a distance of eighteen miles from Hopkinton ;
where they were hospitably entertained by the citizens. On the
morning of the 22d, a company of infantry under command of
Captain McKinney was assembled, and a salute was fired in honor
of the corps. After a brief time spent in drill, the corps resumed
the march, passing through Croydon, Plainfield, Lebanon, Han-
over, reaching the " Academy Grounds' ' in the early evening, after
a march of twenty-seven miles. During this time the corps
marched 145 miles. The account of the march states that " Many
of our fellow cadets, with their equipage for a burden, their arms
and accoutrements, scarce advanced to the age of fourteen years,
were at no times the sufferers of any degree of inconvenience from
the travel of one day and another in succession. With an atmos-
phere heated almost to an insufferable degree, a road sometimes
deep in sand, and then rough and mountainous, many of our
younger brothers were unwilling to acknowledge their inability
to vie with any in the corps."

On July 3, the corps met and appointed a committee consist-
ing of John Savage, Jr., Rufus Emerson, S. L. Pitkin, W. M.
Murray and John A. Harleston, to present a vote of thanks to
the various towns, and the persons who had entertained the corps
on this march.



MARCH TO MANCHESTER, VERMONT. 25

In September, 1823, Captain Partridge was invited by the
Hon. Richard Skinner, Governor of Vermont, and a resident of
Manchester, to cometo that town and make a barometrical
measurement of Equinox Mountain.

The invitation was accepted and on September 17, Captain
Partridge, with a detachment of twenty-seven cadets, left Norwich
for Manchester.

From the manuscript copy of the "Journal of an excursion
made by a party of the Norwich Cadets, September, 1823," by
William Gray Brooks, 1824, and presented by him to the Vermont
State Historical Society, Montpelier, Vt., we give the essential
details of the march.

The Journal gives very interesting details of the incidents of
the march, notes on the topography of the country passed through
and much statistical matter

The party left Norwich at 5:30 a. m. September 17, and
passed through White River Junction, Hartland, Windsor — at
the base of Ascutney Mountain — Weathersfield, reaching Dun-
can's Tavern at Black River at 6:00 p. m. Observations were
taken on the hill back of White River Junction and at Weathers-
field, and the elevations above sea level were found to be 527
feet and 1082 feet respectively.

It rained heavily during the afternoon and the cadets were
drenched, yet they kept on. They bunked on the hall floor of
the hotel.

They left Duncan's Tavern at 5:30 a. m. September 18, and
passed through East Chester and Andover, crossed the range to
Londonderry and at 6:00 p. m. reached the pass leading over
Peru Mountain to Winhall. The elevation of the pass was found
to be 1942 feet above the sea. They reached the tavern in Win-
hall at 6:30 p. m., where they passed the night, having marched
thirty-four miles.

Captain Partridge, being in a hurry to reach Manchester,
pushed on and reached his destination at 9:00 p. m. They left
for Manchester the next morning at 5:00 a. m., reaching there at
6 :30 A. M., a distance of six and one-half miles.

At 1 :00 p. M. the detachment of cadets with Captain Partridge,
Governor Skinner and some residents of the towji, set out for the
summit of Equinox Mountain, reaching the highest elevation at
3 :00 p. M. The elevation was found to be 3706 feet above the
sea.

They returned to the village at 6:00 p. m., having traveled



26 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

fifteen miles this day. In the evening they were entertained at
the residence of Governor Skinner.

At 9 :00 A. M. September 20, they left Manchester for Rutland,
thirty-four miles distance, passing by Dorset Mountain and
reaching their destination at 7:30 p. m. They left Rutland at
8:30 a. m., passing by the base of Killington Peak, through Sher-
burne, and reaching Woodstock at 6:00 p. m., covering a distance
of twenty-eight miles. They left for Norwich the next morning
at 6:00 a. m., passing through Quechee and White River Junc-
tion, arriving at the barracks at 11:00 a. m. They were gone
five and one half days and marched one hundred fifty-nine miles, a
large part of the distance being over steep mountain roads in many
places very muddy. This record for marching can hardly be ex-
celled by the modern athlete.

On October 1, 1823, the corps of cadets under command of
Captain Partridge left Norwich at 9:30 a. m. for Windsor,
arriving there at 5 :00 p. m. The corps was met by the Jefferson
Artillery Company, who escorted them to the court house, which
had been arranged for their use. They were billeted out for
the night, with the inhabitants, At 9:00 a. m. the next morning
they were paraded and attended prayers given by Rev. Mr.
Wheeler. At 10 : 00 a. m. they gave the various drills and practiced
street firing; at 3:00 p. M. a dress parade was given and after the
ceremony they were marched to the Episcopal church where
the rector, Rev. Mr. Learned, conducted a service. At 7:00 p. m.
Captain Partridge delivered his lecture on " Education. ' At
8 30 A. M. the next day a parade was given and at 9:00 a. m. the
corps left for Norwich, arriving there at 5 :30 p. m.

A committee composed of Edwin F. Johnson, A. Kennedy,
William G. Brooks, F. B. Trepagnier, Alfred Stanley, Thomas B.
Adams and B. Williams was appointed by the corps to draw up
resolutions of thanks to the people of Windsor for their generous
hospitality.

We give a copy of the letter written by George M. Totten
to his sister in New Haven. It gives interesting data in regard
to the march to Burlington, Vt., and a comparison between the
appearance of the " A. L. S. & M." cadets and the Yale students.

Military Academy, Norwich, May 25th, 1824,
Dear Sister:

We are preparing for the march as fast as possible, which we have con-
templated to begin in about two weeks. The Captain says if nothing happens



MARCH TO BURLINGTON, VERMONT. 27

we will certainly go as far as Plattsburg (then shall I go over the same ground
where my kinsman, Captain Joseph Gilbert Tottcn, U. S. A., won his pro-
motion at the point of his sword, by saving the colors) and then if we stand
it well enough, will proceed as far as Montreal. Two students from Yale
college are now on a visit during the vacation. They look awfully shabby
along side of us. ^\"ith regard to my French study, the Captain says I am
not to begin yet, because I have 5 studies already which is as many as I can
attend to until after the march. While we are on the march, we are going
to sleep on the ground, but 'how we are to get food, I do not know, for we
expect to be gone at least 3 weeks if not more — we cannot carry it all with us,
although we expect to carry enough for two or three days. We expect to
have the knapsacks ready for the march, they are to be painted dark blue
with an escutcheon painted upon them; these letters, A. L. S. & M. Academy,
in red and white.

Excuse the dryness of this letter as there is no news — only military duty.
Please remember me to all the family.

Your affectionate Brother,

G. M. TOTTEN.



On Wednesday, June 9, 1824, at 8 p. m., the corps organized
as a battalion and headed by their band, under leadership of
Prof. William W. Bailey, left Norwich for Burhngton, Vt.

Their baggage was transported by teams. Their march the
first day was through Norwich, Hartford, Quechee, Woodstock,
to Bridgewater, a distance of twenty -two miles, where they arrived at
6:00 P. M. They were entertained by the people of the town.

The next morning at 6:00 a. m. the corps left for Rutland.
Their march led for some time along the branch of the Quechee
river, then over the mountain to Shrewsbury and through that
town. Rutland was reached in the early evening and they
were billeted with the inhabitants.

Friday, June 11th, was spent in''the"various"drills,''which were
witnessed by large crowds. The various places of interest were
visited by the corps. Captain Partridge gave in the afternoon a
lecture on militarj^ matters.

Saturday, June'l2,'at'8:00 a. m. a parade was given, after which
prayers were offered by Rev. Mr. Walker then; the various evolu-
tions of the battalion were executed. At 3:80 p. m. a public dinner
was given to Captain Partridge and the corps; after dinner Captain
Partridge gave a military lecture.

Sunday, June 13, the corps attended divine worship at Rev.
Mr. Walker's meeting house ; at 7 :00 p. m., the corps left Rutland for
Castleton, ten miles distant, where they staid for the night.



28 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

Monday, June 14, at 6:00 a. m., the march was resumed, which
led through Castleton and Fah^haven and Whitehall, New York,
was reached at 1:00 p. m., where they embarked on the Congress
which was to take them down Lake Champlain the next day.

Tuesday, June 15, at 4:00 a.m. the corps left for Burlington.
They landed at Ticonderoga and the ruins of the old fort were
inspected. Captain Partridge gave them the history of the
military operations in this section of the country during the
Revolutionary War. They re-embarked and at noon they passed
historic Crown Point. It was at first planned to visit this spot,
but they were forced to give it up, owing to lack of time.

At 6 P. M. the harbor at Burlington was reached, where they
were received with booming of cannon. A committee of citizens
from that city met the corps and hospitably welcomed it. The
corps was billeted with the inhabitants.

Wednesday, June 16, the corps visited the University of
Vermont. We quote from the "Journal of the March":

" But a few days previous to our arrival the place lost this,
its pride and ornament, (main University building) by fire.
The walls only now remain, which were of brick, four stories
high, 160 feet in length and 50 ft. breadth, with projections in
front and rear."

Other places of interest were visited. At 10:00 a. m. the
corps was paraded and gave the various drills. Rev. Mr. Preston
gave prayers at the close of the drills.

Thursday, June 17, the corps gave exhibition drills and at 5 :00
p. M., embarked on the Congress for Plattsburgh. They left the
city amid booming of cannon, the corps band playing various
patriotic and popular selections. They reached Plattsburgh
at 1:00 p. M., and were hospitably entertained by the inhabi-
tants.

Friday, June 18, the corps was paraded. The old canton-
ment was visited. The harbor and military storehouses were
inspected under guidance of Major Hersey, U. S. A.

Saturday, June 19, the corps was paraded and marched to
the cantonment and after prayers by Rev. Mr. Whelply the
various drills were executed. The corps was then reviewed by
Major General Mooers. Sunday, June 20, the corps attended
divine service which was closed by an able address to the cadets.
Monday, June 21, at 8:00 a. m. the corps paraded and gave the
various drills.

It was planned to visit Montreal, but as an unwillingness



MARCH TO BURLINGTON, VERMONT. 29

was expressed by the government authorities to allow this, the
inarch to that city was given up. We quote from the Canadian
Times of June 18, 1824.

" We read in a Burlington paper that it is the intention of
Captain Partridge and his corps of cadets to visit Montreal
in the course of a tour which they are now making in the north.
Before any such step is taken, we should suppose it better that
the effect should be considered. We are most ardent in our
wishes, that nothing may be done to create broils or discontent
between this country and our neighbours, but we doubt whether
the appearance of one or two hundred young men, preparing to
become officers in the United States Army, armed and equipped,
would be a grateful sight to our citizens. And if their presence
would not give pleasure, they surely should not come; for their
own situation, under such circumstances, would be peculiarly
disagreeable. When all remembrance is obliterated of former
animosity betwixt this country and the United States, — -when
feelings of perfect friendship are established, then such a display
of such offensive materials may be taken as mere pastime, and the
students of Norwich would be cordially received. But, while
the kindly sentiments, which similarity of laws, language, and
institutions ought to produce, are slowly forcing themselves
into being, — while yet the feelings of friendship are tardily re-
covering from the late hostility with the United States, — while
the least idea exists that this country may be involved in warfare
with that, their cadets will do injury to the cause by a display of
their ranks among us. No one can feel more desirous than we
that the most kindly intercourse should exist between the two
countries, but we are not anxious to have the perfection of their
institutions impressed upon our minds in the matter proposed.
The irritation, if there should be any, would be local it is true,
but even that is worthy of avoiding,"

The corps left the city at 3 :00 p. m. on the Phoenix for Basin
Harbor, near the mouth of the Otter Creek River, where they
arrived at 10:00 p.m. They stayed that night in the storehouse
near the dock.

On the arrival of the boat, a messenger from the Mayor of
Vergennes gave Captain Partridge a letter inviting them to visit
the city and offering the hospitality of the city.

Tuesday, June 22, the corps marched to Vergennes. As they
neared the city they were met by the Mayor, corporation, and a



30 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

delegation of the principal citizens. The Mayor, General Barnum,
delivered a brief address, welcoming Captain Partridge and the
corps.

We quote from the address : " We feel in common with them
and the whole country the importance and usefulness of the
institution, which, by your o>vn exertions, has been brought to
its present state of perfection. We hope and trust that our
country, whose interests you have so zealously exerted yourself
to promote, may not fail of granting that liberal patronage you
so justly deserve. To you, Sir, it must be a flattering consolation
to know that no individual, (except yourself) in any country,
has ever made a similar attempt with any degree of success.
And God grant that your most sanguine expectations in this
laudable undertaking may be fully realized. Such accommoda-
tions as our little city affords are most cheerfully offered for
your comfort and convenience."

Captain Partridge responded in a brief address. A salute
was fired in their honor as they marched into the city. They were
billeted among the inhabitants.

Wednesday, June 28, the corps paraded at an early hour and
the various drills were executed. Then they attended divine
worship conducted by Rev. Mr. Lovell. At 9 :00 a. m. the corps left
the city, being escorted to the borders of the town by the mayor,
corporation and prominent citizens. The route led through New
Haven, and Middlebury was reached at 1 :00 p. m. A committee of
citizens met the corps at the Middlebury line and welcomed them
to town. President Bates of Middlebury College delivered an elo-
quent address of welcome. Amid the booming of cannon they
were conducted to the "College Green," where dinner was served
the men. They were then marched to the Court House Square,
and billeted with the inhabitants. The college and other places
of interest were then visited by the cadets.

Thursday, June 24, the corps gave exhibition drills which
had to be suspended owing to a heavy shower. Friday,
June 25, the corps left Middlebury at 7:00 a. m., the march lead-
ing up to the heights of Ripton, over the main range of the Green
Mountains to White River valley at Hancock, reaching Rochester,
twenty-five miles distant from Middlebury, in the early evening,
where they were entertained by the citizens of the town. Saturday,
June 26, at an early hour the corps was paraded and the march was
begun for Sharon, twenty- seven miles distant. The route led up the
mountain to Rochester Hollow, over the mountain to Bethel,



MARCH TO THE WHITE MOUNTAINS. 31.

through Royalton to Sharon village, which was reached at 7 :00 p. m.
Sunday, June 27, the corps left for Norwich, 11 miles distant,
at 7:00 a. m., arriving at the ''Academy" at 10:00 a. m.

The distance marched by the corps was about two hundrad and
ninety miles and during the time only one cadet was ill. A committee
of cadets, consisting of Joseph D. Allen, J. B. Rodney, J. S. Wallace,
Hiram P. Woodworth and A. Kennedy, was chosen by the corps to
extend to the various towns and cities where they had been enter-
tained, a vote of thanks for the hospitality shown them. Joseph D.
Allen was the historian for the trip, and Elisha Dunbar the
topographical engineer.

Notes were taken on the topography of the country and
elevations were taken at 15 stations, as follows: (1) Military
Academy, 430 feet; (2) White River, 232 feet; (3) Hartford Meeting
House, 730 feet; (4) Quechee Village, 415 feet; (5) Woodstock
Court House, 598 feet; (6) Bridgewater, 812 feet; (7) Sherburne,
1,075 feet; (8) summit of pass over the mountain, Woodstock
to Rutland, 1,882 feet; (9) Killington Peak, metrical measure-
ment, 3,924 feet; (10) Shrewsbury Peak (trigonometrical measure-
ment), 4,034 feet; (11) Rutland Court House, 687 feet; (12) Otter
Creek in Rutland, 467 feet; (13) Castleton Village, 494 feet;
(14) Fair Haven Village, 370 feet; (15) Lake Champlain at White-
hall, 96 feet.

There was evidently a mistake in the names of the two
mountains, stations (9) and (10).

A detachment of fifty cadets, under command of Capt.
Partridge, left Norwich for the White Mountains at 8:30 a. m.,
September 30, 1824. We give the full account of the march as
from the pen of Gideon Welles, '26, the historian of the party.

" Crossing the Connecticut River at Norwich, we entered Hanover in
state of New Hampshire celebrated for containing one of the most ancient
and respected hterary institutions in our country, Dartmouth College.
We marched through the village without halting, and bending our course
northward, passed a well cultivated country along the banks of the Connecticut.
Our road lay in the vicinity of the river, which was generally upwards of a
hundred yards wide, and bounded on both sides by lofty banks. A walk of
about eighteen miles brought us, about noon, to the village of Orford. At
this place we dined and, again at three, continued our journey. Orford is
connected by a bridge with Fairlee in Vermont, and though small is a delight-
ful village. That rural elegance and simplicity which peculiarly character-
izes the villages of New England, is here beautifully displayed. Continuing
our course north, we passed through Piermont, a small hamlet, which appears



32 NORWICH UNIVERSITY.

to have been formed in consequence of several advantageous mill sites al-
ready occupied, and arrived at Haverhill at six.

Our journey this day had been almost entirely within the valley of the
Connecticut. The country did not indeed present such extensive meadows
as distinguished this beautiful stream, but the well cultivated farms in its
vicinity evidently originated from the advantages which the river afforded.
A good road rendered our march comparatively pleasant, and journeying
along the margin of the river we often paused to admire its interesting scenery.
On our left, across the river, rose the green hills of Vermont, their verdant
sides sprinkled with villages, captivated the eye, while the rugged cliffs of
the Moossehillock range hung frowning on our right. Our whole day's march
had been within a short distance of this range, their lofty and precipitous
sides presenting a bleak and brown appearance, not however entirely devoid
of interest. Their bosoms undoubtedly contained resources worthy the



Online LibraryWilliam Arba EllisNorwich University, 1819-1911; her history, her graduates, her roll of honor (Volume 1) → online text (page 4 of 61)