William Arba Ellis.

Norwich University, 1819-1911; her history, her graduates, her roll of honor (Volume 1) online

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Fourteen held rank from first lieutenant to colonel in the regu-
lar army; one became medical director of the U. S. Navy, and five
served as surgeons in the U. S. Army. One (Holman, later a
cadet at Norwich) served as chaplain of the 48th Pennsylvania
regiment. One was a surgeon in the Russian Army during the Cri-
mean War, and received the Imperial Decoration for his services.
Several of the cadets became prominent in civil life. The record
made by this Institute adds further renown to the remarkable
work of Captain Partridge and his " Norwich Cadets."

The Arrow Rock Military Academy, Missouri, was con-
ducted in Arrow Rock, Saline County, Missouri, for a few years in
the early forties, by Asa C. Marvin, '39. Unfortunately very
little data has been preserved in regard to this school.

The St. Louis (Missouri) Military Academy was founded
early in 1844 by Andrew J. Dorn, '41, and was the first military
school located west of the Allegheny Mountains. Professor Dorn
was soon joined by his classmate, James V. A. Shields, in the
management of the academy. In 1845, Captain Partridge visited
the academy and delivered his lectures before the cadets. On
June 18, 1846, Professor Dorn was commissioned 1st lieutenant
in Wrightman's Artillery of IMissouri Volunteers for the Mexican
War; and the management''of the academy was given to Professor
Shields. Owing to the unsettled conditions of the times, the
academy became reduced in number and in the fall of 1846,
Professor Shields gave up the school. For a time the school w^as
very prosperous and it is stated that a number of the cadets
served in the Mexican and Civil Wars.

The North Carolina Literary, Scientific and Military
Academy was founded in Raleigh, N. C, in 1844. Very little data
has been preserved in regard to this academy. The Raleigh
Register and North Carolina Gazette of January 24, 1845, gives a
very complete prospectus of the school. Robert Gray and
Oel A. Buck, '42, were principals during 1844-46. Robert Gray


was professor of English and the Classical languages; (). A.
Buck, professor of Mathematics and Tactics; and JS. N. Botsford,
professor of Experimental Chemistry and Philos()j)hy. The arms
and equipment were furnished by the state. In 1846, Professor
Buck resigned, and Simon M. Preston, '45, succeeded him as
professor of Mathematics and Tactics. After a service of one year
Professor Preston resigned. The attendance at this academy
was small, and in 1847 it was closed.

The Raleigh Classical, Mathematical and Military
Academy was founded in Raleigh, N. C, about 1844. The classi-
cal department was in charge of Professor Jefferson M. Lovejoy,
a former cadet of the old " Academy' ' and a native of Sharon, Vt.
Prof. W. F. Disbrow had charge of the Mathematical aud ]\Iilitary
work until 1847, when Simon M. Preston, '45, succeeded to the
I)osition. Professor Preston resigned, in 1849, to accept a [)ro-
fessorship at " N. U." During 1844-49. the school was very
prosperous, the average attendance being aljout 100 cadets each
year. The academy was suspended about 1860. Several of
the cadets gained prominence in the Civil War.

The Wilmington Literary, Scientific and ]\Iilitary
Academy. In January, 1846, on the solicitation of several of
the prominent citizens of Wilmington, Del., Captain Partridge
opened this academy in that city. Maj. 0. S. Tenney, '45, was
appointed principal and served until June, 1846, when he resigned.
The management was then given to Captain Jabez Crooker, '43,
and George W. F. Emerson, '43. Captain Crooker resigned in
September, 1847 and returned to ^^ermont. This school was
discontinued in the spring of 1848.

Mt. Sterling Literary, Scientific and Military Academy
was opened in Old Fort jMason, Mt. Sterling, Ky., in September,
1847 by Maj. O. S. Tenny, '45. He conducted the school until

1849. The attendance was about 75. A number of the cadets
served in the Civil War.

The Scientific and Military Collegiate Institute
was opened by Captain Alden Partridge in Reading, Penn., on
April 1, 1850. The school was located on North Fourth
Street, and was under the mangement of Prof. Erasmus G. Rehrer,
'49. and J. B. Batchelder, '49. A very complete course in Civil
Engineering and jNlilitary Science was given. The school was
very prosperous for a few years. It was discontinued about

1850. A number of the cadets served in the Civil War.

In 1850, Captain Partridge opened the Gynmasium and


Military Institute at Pembroke, N. H., and William W. Benjamin,
'49, was appointed superintendent, serving until 1S53, when the
school was closed.

The Virginia Collegiate Institute was opened in Ports-
mouth, Va., by Prof. N. B. Webster, '43, in 1850, as a successor
to the \'irginia Literary, Scientific and Military Academy, closed
in 1849. This institution was conducted by Professor Webster,
with marked success until 1862, when owing to the Civil War,
he was forced to close the school. A large numl^er of the cadets
; erved in the Civil War.

The National Scientific and jMilitaky Academy was
opened by Captain Partridge in Brandywine Springs, Del., on
]\Iay 16, 1853. William W. Benjamin, '49, served as assistant
superintendent and professor of Mathematics and ^lilitary
Tactics; Daniel McFarland, '51, as professor of Logic, Belles-
Lettres and Elocution and Willis R. Peake, '53, as acting adju-
tant. Complete courses in Civil Engineering, ^Militarj^ and the
Classics were given. In December, 1853, the buildings were
burned. The Bristol College buildings, near Bristol, Del., were
secured and the institution was opened there^ May 16, 1854,
and renamed Bristol College. Owing to the death of Captain
Partridge, in January, 1854, the institution was soon discontinued.
The attendance during 1853-54 was about 100. Several of the
cadets Ijecame prominent in the Civil War, notaljly General
Powell Clayton.

Mt. Pleasant Military Academy, Sing Sing, X. Y. Will-
iam W. Benjamin served as assistant superintendent of this
academy during 1854-62 and as principal from 1862 until his death
in 1882. Through his efficient management this school was very
prosperous and became widely known.

The Highland Military Academy, Worcester, Mass.
Capt. George W. Hobbs, '58, rendered valuable assistance to
Prof. Caleb Metcalf in founding this well known school in 1857,
holding the position of military instructor until 1859.

The Northwestern Military Academy was founded by
Col. Harlan P. Davidson, '67, at Highland Park, 111. in September,
1888 This academy has become, through the efficient manage-
ment of Colonel Davidson, one of the best Imown military schools
in the United States.

The success of the military academies founded by Captain
Partridge and the Alumni of "N. U.," led other educators to
found similar schools. So, directly to the work of Captain Par-



ridge the U. S. government owes, in a large measure, the efficient
work of many officers in the various wars of the country. We
give below the roster of the cadets so far as known who have
engaged in teaching in the various military schools :


Howard, John J.
Howard, NoelB.
Jackman, Alonzo
Jennison, Ozro P.
Johnson, Edwin F.
Johnson, John B.
Johnson, Luther B.
McFarland, Daniel
McGarry, T?homas J.
Mears, John H.
Moore, Edward
Mosely, John P.
Parker, Edgar
Partridge, Frederick W.
Perkins, Edwin
PhilHps, James W.
Pierce, Lucius D.
Preston, Simon M.
Ransom, Truman B.
Relirer, Erasmus G.
Russell, William H.
Shaw, Ethan A.
Shaw, WiUiam A.
Shields, James V. A.
Slayton, Henry L.
Spooner, Charles H.
Stocker, Marshall M.
Tenny, Otis S. •
Tinker, Frank N.
Ward, James H.
Webster, Nathan B.
Wheeler, Simeon.
Williston, EbenezerB.
Winslow, Arthur E.
Woodworth, Hiram P.

The graduates and past cadets have served in all the wars
of our country from the Black Hawk to date, many holding
important commands.

Two of the alumni served in the war of 1812. Josiah Tattnall,
'23, as a midshipman in the U. S. Navy, participated in the engage-
ment with the British fleets near Croney's Island, Va., June 22,
1813 and later served as a volunteer in the battle of Blandensburg,
Md. Hiram Paulding, '23, served as a midshipman, U. S. N.,
in the battle of Plattsburg, September 11, 1814, and though but
a mere youth, was given a lieutenant's command.

During the Black Hawk War, Coggswell K. Green, '26,

'03, Alvord, Henry E.


'09, Andrews, Roy L.


'49, Averill, Clinton S.


'08, Barber, Charles N.


'49, Batchelder, J. B.


'09, Bayley, Luther P.


'49, Benjamin, William W.


'24, Bingham, Daniel H.


'41, Bovay, Alvin E.


'42, Buck, Oel A.


'37, Burton, Henry S.


'96, Carleton, Charles S.


'02, Chase, Henry A.


'«5, Child, Oscar B.


'85, Chandler, Myron L.


'57, Clark, Warren


'f)6, Colvocoresses, George P.


'43, Crooker, Jabez C.


'61, Curtis, Charles A.


'95, Davis, Fred C.


'67, Davidson, Harlan P.


'05, Deal, Harry R.


'55, Dewey, John W.


'69, Dole, Charles


'70, Dole, W^alter


'41, Dorn, Andrew J.


'25, Dunbar, Elisha


'08, Edwards, Irving B.


'03, Flint, Kemp R. B.


'48, Floyd, Henry


'69, Hathaway, Clarence L.


'58, Hobbs, George W.


'95, Hoefler, Philo R.


'29, Horton, Horace S.


'25, Horton, Valentine B.



George W. Jones, '26, and Charles Tullar, '23, served as colonels
in the Michigan territory troops and Oren Marsh, '25, as captain.
Carleton H. Perry, '23, was an officer in the Illinois volunteers
and ^liner R. Deming, '26, is also said to have served as an officer
in the volunteers from that state. Samuel C. Ridgely, '25,
James V. Bomford, '28 and William S. Harney, '29, officers in
the U. S. Army, also served in this war.

►Seventeen of the cadets served in the Seminole and Creek
Wars. The roster so far as known is given below. No doubt a
number of the cadets from the South, whose records we have been
unable to obtain, served in these wars :


'2G, Alexander, Henry D. W., Capt. '29, Johnston, Daniel P., Capt.

'28, Bomford, James V., Lieut. '29, Lee, Roswell W., 1st Lieut.

'25, Cady, Albermarle, Capt. '32, May, Charles A., 1st Lieut.

'33, Clark, Henry E. W., Capt. '25, Ridgelj^, Samuel C, 1st Lieut.

'26, Green, Coggswell, K., Col. '25, Screven, Richard B., 1st Lieut.

'29, Harney, William S. Lieut. Col. '29, Simmons, Seneca G., Capt.

'25, Holmes, Arthur S, Maj. '29, Tucker, Stephen S., Capt.

'26, Howard, Augustus, Capt. '28, Webb, Henry, Lieut. Col.

'32, Hull, William, 1st Lieut. '28, Wessels, Henry W., 1st Lieut.


A number of the cadets entererl the United States service
in the Mexican War, the most distinguished of whom was Col.
Truman B. Ransom, '25, president of the University, who met his
death while gallantly leading the 9th U. S. Infantry, the gallant
Old New England, in its charge on the fortress of Chapultepec.
No truer patriot, soldier and scholar ever went forth from the
walls of any institution of learning.

We will quote a stanza from the popular " N. U." song.
" The Old South Barracks," written by our poet, Kent, which will
awaken in the breast of every loyal son of Norwich I'niversity
a responsive thrill:

"To our hero chieftain Ransom
One glass before we go;
I lis blood bestains the rockj' height

In distant Mexico.
His country's flag waved o'er him
When the volley smote him low;
And we'U drop for him the silent tear
In the old South Barracks, oh!"



Colonel Ransom was succeeded in command b}^ Major
Thomas H. Seymour, '28, afterwards lieutenant colonel of the
Twelfth United States Infantry, and was the first to enter the
fortress at the head of the gallant old " Ninth."

Capt. Edward A. Kimball, '44, served as captain in this regi-
ment; Thomas J. Whipple, '87, as adjutant ; Justin E. Stevens, '41,
as surgeon; Jesse A. Cove, '49, as 1st lieutenant; William A.
Newman, '45, as 2(1 lieutenant; Henry O. Brigham, '44, as drum
major. John M. Barnard, '45, gained distinction in the war as a
major in the Texas troops. W. W. H. Davis, '42, entered the
service as adjutant of the 1st Massachusetts Infantry, and rose
to the rank of captain. Carleton H. Perry, '23, was commis-
sioned colonel and David K. Noyes, '45, raised a company for the
war, ])ut ditl not serve, owing to the close of the war. Several
of the cadets serving in this war, rose to a high rank in the Civil War.

About fifty of the cadets served in this war. We give
l)elow the roster of the men, so far as known:


Barnard, John M., Major.



Bomforil, James V., Capt.



Brigham, Henry 0., Drum




Buck, Benjamin, 1st Lieut, and





Burton, Henry S., Lieut. CoL



Cady, Albermarle, Capt.


Carpenter, Edward W., Capt.


U. S. N.



Clark, Henry E. W., Capt.



Crowninshield, Charles B.,Capt.



Davis, William W. H., Capt.


Dorn, Andrew J., 1st Lieut.



Gove, Jesse A., 1st Lieut.



Graham, John H., Capt.


Hagner, Porter V., Capt.



Hancock, Henry, Capt.



Harney, William S., Col.



Hartstene, Henry J., Capt.



Kimball, Edward A., Capt.



Longnecker, Henry C, 1st


Lieut, and Adjt.



McNabb, John, 2d Lieut.



May,Charles A.( "apt.A Brvt.Col.



, Marsh, Oren, Capt.



, Miles, Rmith M., Surgeon.


, Milroy, Robert H., Capt.



, Myrick, Cyrus G., Private.

Newman, William A., 2d Lieut.
Partridge, Frederick W., 1st

Paulding, Hiram Capt.,U. S. N.
Pitkin, 8amuel L., Officer.
Post, Frederick S., 1st Sergt.
Prentiss, George A., Capt.

U. S. N.
Ransom, Truman B., Col.
Ridgely, Samuel C, Capt.
Screven, Richard B., Capt.
Seymour, Thomas H., Lieut.

Seymour, Truman, Major.
Shields, James V. A., Sergt.

Simmons, Seneca G., Capt.
Stevens, Justin E., Surgeon.
Taylor, George W., Capt.
Tattnall, Josiah, Capt.,U. S. N.
Temple, Robert E., Col.
Tipton, Spear S., Capt.
Tucker, Stephen S., Capt.
Tyler, John L. W., 1st Lieut.
Warner, Stanley M., Private.
Wliipple, Thomas J., 1st Lieut.

and Adjt.
Williams, Seth, 1st Lieut.



Oil the l)reaking out of the Civil War the gi'aduates and past
cadets were among the first to offer their services to the government.
In every state in the Union they were active in (h-illinii' and in-
structing the troops for the war.

Alonzo Jackman, '36, l)rigadier general in the \'ermont
militia, was one of the first in this state to offer his services. He
was implored by Governor Fairbanks to remain at "N. U.,"
and assist in drilling and organizing the state troops. He
reluctantly consented, at a great sacrifice of personal ambition,
as he could have received a colonel's commission. He was
given charge of drilling the state troops. The First Regiment
was selected and drilled by him, assisted by his cadets. From
1861 to 1863 a large number of the cadets were appointed state
drill masters by the governor, with the rank of 1st lieutenant;
and the efficient service of the \'ermont regiment was due largely
to instruction given b}' the Norwich cadets.

A number of the alumni and past cadets, who were unable
to enlist in the service, owing to age and disability, performed
valuable Avork as drill masters. Unfortunately, complete records
of the men have not been received, but so far as known, al)out
fifty of the cadets became prominent as drill masters. Else-
where in this chapter is given a partial roster of the cadets serving
in this capacity.

The cadets were in especial demand as drill masters in
New Hampshire. The Dartmouth students were formed into
military companies and the " N. U.," cadets were secured to drill
and instruct them. To the training received from Norwich men,
is due a great deal of the fine record made by the Dartmouth men
in the service, as by this instruction, many of the students were
enabled to oljtain commissions in the various regiments.

In Connecticut, Gen. W. H. Russell, '28, rendered valuable
aid to the state as major general in command of the state militia.
Gen. E. W. N. Starr, '28, unable to accept the commission as
colonel of the 4th Regiment, owing to impaired health, rendered
valuable aid in drilling and instructing the troops.

In Wisconsin, our cadets were especially jMominent in the
state service. George E. Bryant, '55, then captain of Co. E.,
1st Regiment of the state militia, was the first officer to volunteer
for service, and his company was the first t>rganization to (jffer





its services to the IJ. 8. government. Judge Luther S. Dixon, '4S,
chief justice of the supreme court, offered his ^ervic s to the gov-
ernor, but was requested to remain at his post, as his services were
more needed on the bench, than in the field. He, however,
made use of the training received at Norwich, by drilling and
instructing the state troops. Stillman F^. Uana, '49, also rendered
valuable assistance in drilling the state volunteers.

In Iowa, General Dodge, then captain in the state militia,
was the first to offer the governor of the state the services of a
company for the war. Edward Hatch, '50, as state drill master,
rendered valuable assistance in preparing the volunteers for the

1 ■■^'^H ■%:#ri : ^^^

Battle of Gettysburg.

In Indiana, the following alumni rendered valuable assistance
in drilling and recruiting volunteers: R. H. Milroy, '43; Newell
Gleason, '49; George P. Buel, '56; and John M, Milroy, '45.

Illinois is largely indebted to the graduates of Norwich
for the excellent record made by her troops. The following
cadets rendered great service in drilling and recruiting the vol-
unteers: Warren Shedd, '39; Joseph C. Wright, '42; Frederick
W. Partridge, '45; Simon M. Preston, '45; T. E. G. Ransom, '51;
William H. Greenwood, '52 and Arba N. Waterman, '56.

In Missouri, Cyrus B. Burnham, '39, and Bernard G. Farrar,
'45, rendered efficient service in organizing and equiping the state
troops for the war.



Massachusetts is especially indebted to the graduates and
past cadets of " N. V." for the fine recoi'd made by her troops,
as a large number of our men served as drill masters and officers
in the volunteers from that state.

Fifty-two of the graduates and past cadets gave their lives
in the service of the country. Nearly every battle field during the
Civil War was moistened by the blood of our alumni. James
H. Ward, 'TS, captain U. S. N., was the first naval officer and the
first " N. U." cadet to die in the service of the country. Robert
E. Hitchcock, '59, was the first Vermonter to sacrifice his life
in the support of the Union. He was killed at the first l>attle
of Bull Run, while commanding a company of Marines.

A roster of the alumni who sacrificed their lives in the various
\\ai's is gi\'en l)elow:

Killed In I^attle.

'64, Abbott, Edward S.
'26, Babbitt, Jacob.
'.'51, Baxter, William R.
'64, Chaffin, William H.
'.59, Cowdiii, Robert J.
'61, Eayre, Thomas W.
'56, Farrar, Frederick H.
'49, Gove, Jesse A.
'64, Granger, Edward M.
'54, Griswold, Charles E.

'62, Heiulersoii, Thomas A.
'59, Hitchcock, Robert E.
'63, Farmenter, Daniel W.
'67, Porter, James E.
'25, Ransom, Truman B.
'64, Sabine, John
'56, Schall, Edwin
'51, Thomas, Evan W.
'49, Ward, Frederick T.
'23, Ward, James H.

Died of Wounds Received in Battle.

'45, Denison, Charles E.
'52, Emery, Harvey W.
'49, Gould, Jacob P.
'49, Granger, Lyman C.
'41, Lander, Frederick W.
'39, Marsh, Samuel.

'51, Mead, John B.T.
'29, Simmons, Seneca G.
'58, Stimson, Francis E.
'26, Taylor, George W.
'30, Tucker, Stephen S.
'42, Wright, Joseph C.

Died of Diseases Contracted in the Service.

'64, Burchard, Sardis.
'64, Coombs, Arthur W.
'01, Danforth, Ellon T.
'66, Head, Henry H.
'62, Jones, Edward T.
'64, Lee, Douglass
'46, Pennock, Joseph N.
'51, Ransom, Thomas E. G.

'65, Rice, Thomas G.

'63, Sabine, Albert.

'55, Seymour, EpaphroditusH.

'47, Slafter, Judson.

'97, Spafford, William C.

'.34, Tipton, Speare S.

'99, Tupper, John L.

'26, Van Rensselaer, Henry.

'29, Craven, Tunis A. M.
'23, Downs, Albert E.

Died at Sea.

'22, Mackey, Daniel H.
'53, Rice, George M.



Service in the Confederate Army.

Forty of the alumni served in the Confederate Ai-my. (Com-
plete records of the men from the South have not been obtained,
and; in all probaljility, a much larger number of the alumni
entered the Confederate service. Tribute should be paid the
heroic service of these cadets in battle. They fought as bravely
to support their cause, as their classmates of the Noi'th fought
for the support of the Union.

In many instances classmates and " N. U." acquaintances
met on the field of battle. Otis M. Marsh, '42, a major in the
Texas cavalry C. S. A., captured the Harriet Juane, and among
the prisoners was Julius R. Richardson, '61, paymaster U. S. N.
Capt. Henry J. Hartstene, C. S. N., '28, captured John W. Dicks,
'23, while commanding the Isaac Smith. Gen. T. E. G. Ransom,
'51, captured a large niunber of jDrisoners at the battle of Fort
Donelson; among the numl)er was his old "N. II." associate.
Col. Stanley M. Warner, '48.

Cadet Camp, igog.



Of all the various military organizations that served in the
Civil War, the " College Cavaliers' ' stand unique.

So far as known this was the only company composed of
college men that entered the service. The honor of forming
the company belongs to Sanford S. Burr, of the class of 1863,
Dartmouth College.

In May 1862, Burr proposed the organization of a cavalry
troop composed of Dartmouth men. For a time the war spirit
I'an high at Dartmouth. One hundred of the students offered
their services and it seemed for a time that the whole student
body would offer their services.

I* ; The parents of the men became alarmed lest the students
carry out their rash (?) idea and enlist before they could forbid it.
President Lord and the faculty at Dartmouth counseled against
it, arguing it " would be more beneficial for the students to keep
to their books than to go the war." The pleading letters of the
parents, and the counsel of President Lord; greatly dampened the
ardor of the men.

Burr's patriotic scheme seemed doomed. He then turned
for assistance to the rival college across the river, where the
men were trained for their country's service and where the Presi-
dent and faculty were only too glad to aid the cadets in their
efforts to go to the war. A compromise was agreed upon as to the
selection of the officers. Dartmouth was given the captaincy;
Norwich tlie first lieutenant, second lieutenant, and first ser-

In the Dartmouth College and New Hampshire publications,
this organization is called the "Dartmouth Cavalry." The Reveille
of March 1863, designates the organization as the ''Norwich Cav-
alry." This last name seems the proper one as the chief officers
were " N. U." men and the captain as well as the company was
drilled by the "N. U." officers. Mr. Samuel B. Pettingill, a
graduate of Amherst College, class of 1863, published in 1883,
the history of the company under the title of the '"' College Cava-
liers," and this title seems more appropriate as it includes all
the colleges.

As the recruiting progressed it was found necessary to obtam
more men and several colleges were Avritten to for recruits. Bow-
doin responded with four men, Union with four, Amherst one,


and ^^'illiams one. More men had to be recruited to fill the com-
pany. William S. Dewey, '63, of Quechee, George A. Bailey,
'63, and Mr. John S. Eaton of Woodstock, joined the company
and recruited ten men from Woodstock; two men were enrolled
from other Vermont towns, one from ^lassachusetts, and four
from New Hampshire, making the total enrollment eighty-five

Online LibraryWilliam Arba EllisNorwich University, 1819-1911; her history, her graduates, her roll of honor (Volume 1) → online text (page 40 of 61)