William Arba Ellis.

Norwich University, 1819-1911; her history, her graduates, her roll of honor (Volume 1) online

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The company officers were elected as follows :

Captain, Sanford S. Burr, Dartmouth, '63.
1st Lieutenant, Theodore H. Kellogg, "N. U.," '62.
2d Lieutenant, Charles F. TilHnghast, "N. U.," '64.
2d Lieutenant, WiUiam H. Stevens, Woodstock, Vt.
1st Sergeant, Henry E. Alvord, " N. U.,' ' '63.
Sergeant, Calvin S. Brown, Dartmouth, '63.
Sergeant, Charles E., "N. U.," '63.
Sergeant, Henry F. Anderson, Dartmouth, '63.
Sergeant, Frank W. Graves, Concord, N. H.
Sergeant, Joseph X. \Yhitney, Bowdoin, '63.
Sergeant, Alonzo Jenkins, Dartmouth, '63.
Corporal, George A. Bailey, "N. U., '63.
Corporal, Charles Caldwell, Dartmouth, '63.
Corporal. John S. Cameron, Dartmouth, '63.
Corporal, Nathaniel Clement, Dartmouth, '63.
Corporal, John S. Eaton, Woodstock, Vt.
('orporal, Isaac W. Heysinger, Dartmouth, '64.
Corporal, Douglass Lee, "N. U.," '63.
Musician, Albion T. Clarke, Strafford, Vt.
Musician, John H. ]Marsh, Woodstock, Vt.
Sadler, Henry Williamson, Woodstock, Vt.

As soon as the company was recruited, its services were
offered to the governors of New Hampshire, Maine and Massa-
chusetts, but with no success. Their services were finally ac-
cepted by Governor Sprague, of Rhode Island. On June 18,
1863, the company left for W^hite River Junction, escorted by
a large number of students from Dartmouth and "N. U." They
reached Providence, R. I., June 19, and were received by Col.
A. C. Eddy of the Governor's Staff. They were then escorted
to the "Dexter Training Ground" where they took the oath of
enlistment and received their uniforms.

They were kindly received by the citizens of Providence.
On Thursday, June 24, they were given a reception and banquet
by f^x-Cxovernor Ploppin and Colonel Gardiner, and their patriotic
zeal in leaving their studies to defend the honor of their country
was greatly extolled.


Oil June 26, an ontortaiunient was given them at the I'oonis
of L. H. Humphrey «l^ Co. Ex-Governor William ^X. Jloppin
presided and gave them an address of welcome, which was I'es-
sponded to by Captain Burr. Patriotic speeches were delivei'ed
by Governor Sprague, Rev. Barnabas Sears, D. I)., president of
Brown University and others.

On June 24, they were nuistered into the United States
service and flipped a cent with a Rhode Island troop, rendezvouzed
there, to determine which should be the "A" troop. The Rhode
Island troop won, and our " College Cavaliers' ' became troop B,
7th Squadron, Rhode Island Cavalry.

In the organization of the squadron, Augustus W. Corliss
Avas commissioned major; Charles F. Tillinghast, "N. U.," '64, 2d
lieutenant and adjutant; 7ebe Gilman, Dartmouth, '63, quarter-
master sergeant; Samuel B. Pettengill, Amherst, '63, and Arthur
W. White, "N. U.," '65, veterinary sergeants; George F. Gill,
Dartmouth, '64, hospital steward.

The squadron left by boat for New York City, June 2S,
antl from there went to Philadelphia by boat, June 29. They
were given a cordial reception in Philadelphia, Pa., by the "Sol-
diers' Welcome Association." They left for Washington by
Irain, June 29, arriving there June 30, and encamped in "Camp
Clark' ' at Gate's Wood, about one mile from the Capitol.

On July 25, the squadron was transferred from General
Wadsworth's command to tliat of General Sturges, and was
moved to Alexandria, Va. It camped for a time at "Camp Eddy,"
near Fairfax Seminary, and then marched to Winchester, Va.,
and went into camp, at "Camp Segel," near that town, where
they remained until September 2, 1862. The connnand was
constantly engaged in picket duty and scouting.

On September 2, the command was sent on a scouting
expedition to Xewton and ]\liddletown, taking several prisoners.
On their return at 11 o'clock, the same night, they found the town
a-blaze, and were ordei-ed to retreat to Harper's Ferry. ]\farching
all night and the next day, they reached their destination at 9 p. m.
On September 5, they crossed the Potomac with the 32d Ohio
\'olunteers (Major Hewitt's regiment), (q. v.) and encamped
in the woods at Maryland Heights, opposite the river, and with
the 12th Illinois, 8th New York, and four companies of Maryland
Cavalry, under the command of Colonel Ford, did picket service
at the river.

This was anJuiportant'^Tpost of over, 11,000 men under com-


maiid of Colonel Miles. It soon became evident that the Union
forces would have to retreat from this position as the Confed-
erates were surrounding the place with superior forces. A con-
ference of the officers was held, and it was decided to escape if
])ossible. On September 14, the cavalry force managed to elude
Ceneral Longstreet's army, and on the 15th reached Greencastle,
Pa., without the loss of a single man or horse.

The cavalry under the command of Colonel Vose, reported to
General McClellan, and the squadron was ordered to Jones'-
Cross Road, near Hagerstown. Although their term of enlist-
ment had expired, they remained with Colonel Vose until the
battle of Antietam was ended, then returned home reaching
Providence, September 26. Octol^er 2, they were mustered out,
and the men dispersed to their respective colleges. The N. H.
History states that the faculty of Dartmouth were at first deter-
mined to force the men to pass examinations on the studies they
had lost during the campaign, but learning that Brown University
would admit them without examination, the matter was given up.

The faculty of ''N. U."was very liberal w'ith the men who
left to entei' the service and degrees w-ere promised the cadets if
they enlisted.

Arthur W. Coombs, '64, died August 15, 1862, of dysentery
at the hospital in Winchester, Va., being the only man lost in
the command. Two w^ere captured by the Confederates, but
were released in time to go home with the others.

Their services w'ere highly commendable, and they received
the praise of the various officers under whom they served, for
f heir efficient work.

We give below the roster of the " N. U." men serving in troop B:

'63. Alvord, Henry E., Ist Sergeant.

'63. Bailey, George A., ('orporal.

'65. Bayard, Alfred F. Private.

'63. Bush, Charles E., Sergeant, Later api)ointe(i Sergeant Major.

'64. Coombs, Arthur W., Private.

'63. Dewey, William S., Private.

'64. Goodwin, William S., Private.

'65. Gragg, Charles W., Private.

'63. Hastings, Addison T., Private.

'64. Hazelton, Walter S. , Private.

'62. Kellogg, Theodore H., 1st Lieutenant.

'59. King, Wallace A., Private.

'64. Lee, Douglass, Corporal.

'64, Morey, Arthur P., Private.

'n. U. MliN SEftVING IN TROOP 6.


'G4. Noyes, Edward H., Private.

'65. Papanti, Augustus L., Private.

'G3. Parker, James V., Private.

'G4. Phillips, Henry M., Private.

'G7. Smith, Charles W., Private.

'64. TilHnghast, Cliarles F., Corporal, Later 2d Lieutenant and Adjutant,

'64. Walcott, Ellis P., Private.

'64. Walcott, Franklin H., Private.

'67. White, Arthur W., Private, Later appointed Veterinary .Sergeant.








i ^ -^EL


,^<J i



The Sloop of War,"Portsmouth," commanded by E. McC. Peters, '8o,
Commander N. J. Naval Reserves.



The corps of cadets under General Jackman, rendered im-
portant service to the state during the excitement, incident to
the St. Albans raid, October 19, 1864.

The seat of conflict of the Civil War being so far away, the
people of the State of Vermont never dreamed of a possibility
of an invasion and were consequently thoroughly frightened and
aroused by the bold and successful looting of St. Albans, on October
19, 1864, by a band of Confederate soldiers, who came secretly
to the town from Canada, and " held up' ' the banks and escaped
to Canada with $208,000.

There was no organized militia in the state and the only
source of organized defense was the corps of cadets of Norwich
University. Rumors spread throughout the state that a large
number of Confederates were collecting along the Canadian line
and were about to invade the state.

The following item in the Newport Vt., News on October 27,
1864, well shows the alarm felt by the citizens of the state in
general :

" On Thursday morning last, the good people of this village and vicinity
were startled by a summons emanating from the adjutant general of the state,
calling upon the arms-bearing citizens to report immediately for duty; that
the state had been invaded by land pirates from the neighboring provinces;
that the village of St. Albans had been sacked, citizens murdered in cold
blood, banks robbed of an immense amount of treasure, and all the crimes of
the highwayman, the robber, and the incendiary committed within the borders
of our gallant state, and within a Sabbath-day's journey of our quiet and
flourishing village."

The above account of the raid is not correct in so far as the
murdering of innocent people is concerned or the " holding up' '
of the citizens of that town. The raid showed great possibilities
and caused a general arming of the able bodied men of the state.
The announcement of this incident caused no little excitement
and expectation in the corps of cadets. Prof. Charles N. Kent,
'64, then tutor in Mathematics and Military Tactics at the Uni-
versity thus writes of the incident :

"A telegram was received one evening at the barracks just after the raid,
announcing a contemplated invasion of a similar character at Newport, Vt.,
on Lake Memphremagog. Acting under instructions from General Alonzo
Jackman, officer in command, I immediately ordered the drum beat as for
I'oll call and when the ranks were aligned, read the telegi'am, requesting all


those of the cadets who would volunteer to go to Newport, if called, by the
governor, to step one pace to the front. There was a complete forward
movement in response. Every cadet thus expressed his wish to volunteer.
I then telegraphed the governor of Vermont that the cadets of Norwich Uni-
versity offered their services in a body to go to any part of the state under
orders from him. A reply came asking what arms we had. Our answer
went back 'Springfield muskets and two six-pounder field pieces.' Then
came the order to 'leave for Newport on the first train with artillery.' This
was unexpected but at sum-ise next morning, men were sent off to purchase
powder, wherever possible, others were employed in making cartridge bags;
and still others in collecting and breaking all the dumb bells, as the most
efficient substitute for cannon balls, that could be obtained.

While engaged in this occupation came another order countermanding the
first one and directing us to proceed at once, as infantry to the destination
already indicated. We had less than an hour to prepare for departure before
the only available train would be due, yet there was ample time; within half
an hour from giving the order, the ranks were again formed, every man
in his place in full uniform with his Springfield musket, bayonet fixed, in good
order for service and cartridge box well supplied with ammunition. The
double quick step in less than ten minutes brought us to the depot and we
there awaited the arrival of the train. When it came, the conductor objected
to our taking passage; but a few forcible arguments caused his surrender, in a
marvellously short time and we arrived in Newport without incident."

Rev. Howard F. Hill, '67, then a cadet, gives the following
account of the trip to Newport:

"The armory was in a state of stir new to that storehouse of warlike ma-
terial. Several somebodies were getting some things ready, and the look
squinted very positively in the direction of hostilities actually to be opened.
In the rooms, there was also a general looking-up of supplies, demanded for a
forward movement somewhere. Chief among these were tobacco, socks, and
under-garments. This was about 10 a. m. When the up-train came at 2, the
entire force of cadets, fully armed and equipped, with at least one field-piece,
were at the station and starting for the northern border.

"It was a piece of yellow paper in telegram form which did it. General
Jackman had tendered the services of the cadets to Governor Smith. This
was the only organization which there was to be tendered ready for instant
service. The militia of the state had been disintegrated by the summons of
the nation and had left the venerable brigadier at home to teach his loved
mathematics. The ranks of the cadets had been depleted for this reason and
the demand for drill masters; so the company which had a general in charge was
not a great one, but every cadet was in the line to do his duty. It was too
much for the patience of the rankest anti-war politician, when the stirring
scenes were translated to a spot so near to him, and each of these was wholly
ready and collar-hot to meet the invader in armed conflict. The expectation
was of an absence into winter. We were ready to be headed for Quebec, if
need be."

In a more detailed form, the roster of the force was as follows:
Brigadier-General, Alonzo Jackman of the state militia, with Lieut. C.



Slurtevaiit as :iitle-(le-caiii[), and Lieut. Frank A Page' 58, as assistant ciuarter-
niaster; Captain, Chailes N.Kent, '64; lieutenants, John C. Boyd, '65 and
Frank T. Bottonily, '(io; sergeants, William Fiske, '67; William W. Thorp,
Jr., '66; Cieorgo B. Bloilgette, '67; corporals, Charles H. (iranger, '68; John M.
(iliddeii, 'n.'): Rciiel Sinall, 't)(i; William II. Hooper, Jr., '67.


F'red E. Batchelder, '67.
Seth H. Ben.son, '67.
Charles S. Bird, '67.
Charles P. Burr, '67.
Oscar B. Child, '65.
Lewis S. Clark, '6S.
Willis K. Daniels, '6().
John J. Dewey, '65.
William B. Eaton, Jr., '66.
Nathan A. Gilbert, '68.
Frank A. Goss, '68.
Francis ^L Gowdv, '67.
Howard F. Hill, ''67.
Walter H. Hobart, '68.
John D. Hutchinson, '68.
Andrew B. Johnson, '68.
Richard T. Keene, '68.
Wilton F. Lefavor, '66.
Henrj- B. Leonard, '68.

George L. Lothrop, '68.
Fred D. Lyford, '67.
Charles A. Morgan, '67.
Thomas C. Noi)le, '68.
Charles B. Ormsby, '65.
Lewis B. Partridge, '68.
Charles H. Reed, '65.
Charles M. Reed, '67.
Frank S. Rouse, '68.
Charles H. Smart, '65.
William S. Smith, '67.
William E. C. Sweet, '67.
Thomas S. Thorndike, '66.
Clarence W. Tolles, '65.
JohnH.Walbridge, '68.
Wesley K. Walton, '67.
Arthur H. Whitmore, '67.
Thomas C. Wood, '68.

"To these were added, from town sympathizers, H. S. ('Lil') Carter, S.
Corey, and 8. Lancaster. Lieutenant Sturtevant was a cavalry lieutenant,
visiting with us at the time; and Page was an ex-cadet with an empty sleeve,
who served in a Vermont regiment, but then of the Veteran Reserve Corps.

"On arrival, we found Newport in wild excitement. Lieut. Col. Josiah
Grout, later governor, commanding the provisional forces, had issued orders to
picket Irasburgh, Newport, Troy, Derby Line, and Barton during nights.
Suspicious characters were to be held up and examined. The Newport people
had organized a company most fearfully and wonderfully armed, with L. H.
Bisbee as captain, and J. O. Roundy and C. C. Canning as lieutenants. There
was also a cavalry squad, drawn from this company, I think, under Sergt. J. T.
Allen. We were met by this array at the depot. There was good, untutored
stuff in these bodies. On alighting from the cars, we were ordered to load our
Springfields with ball cartridge, and marched to the wharf to receive an in-
coming steamer, then visible in the dusk, as the possible carrier of raiders. We
formed with the Newporters as support. The first few minutes were big with
possibilities, but nothing happened. Captain Kent was on the left with the
company's yoimgest members. As the boat came in, some one cried out
'Fire.' But not a shot was heard; for we knew better then to fire from 'the
ready.' It was owing to good <lrill that no one let go in the excitement. If
that little company had fired, somebody, or more, would have been 'hurted.'
The writer had his eye on a spot fit for perforation. After a conference at the
wharf, deep breaths were drawn, and supper at the hotel followed.

"That guard duty was well performed. Captain Bisbee 's_imen were awake
and circulation around town was not free from, peril. Fires on the hilltops had
been kindled, which made the excitement keener. The next morning, the



cadets marched to Derby Line, eight miles, to render any aid needed and to
produce a moral effort by show of force. The people were as well j)repared as
they were enthusiastic, and back we marched by evening. We crossed, un-
armed, to the Canadian side and found the Canadians ready to help their
Yankee neighbors. At 'The Line,' Hon. Portus Baxter, M. ('., of tlie class of
1825, made a .speech to us.

" While the outing thus rendered was neither bloody nor jirotracted, it is
not romancing to say that the real war spirit was afire in us. All were ready
for larger things, and, it is not to be doubted, would have met them creditably.
We at least lookeil for a considerable term of serious service, but back to Nor-
wich we went on Saturday, having, perhaps, 'saved the country.' At any
rate, we had done something to uphold the honor of Vermont and cheer its
anxious people. It was told us that proper papers were sent to the military files
at the state house, though the cadets were not then a part of the militia, and
were never mustered into anything by anybody."

This service of the corps should be recognized by the state
aiitl made a part of its military history. While no actual en-
gagement occurred yet there were grave possibilities; the will-
ingness of the corps to serve the state and country reflects last-
ing honor on the men who participated in this historic incident.


the March, lyio.



On the breaking out of this war, the alumni and past cadets
were among the first to volunteer their services. President Allan
D. Brown sent the following letter to the alumni and past cadets :.

Norwich University,

Northfield, Vermont, April 22, 1898.
Dear Sir:

In the present warlike aspect of affairs, if necessity arise, I feel confident
that the "N. U." men will not be found wanting, but that her record will
be as brilliant as heretofore. It will add further renown to our University, if
it can be stated officially that many of our men have tendered their services
to the Governor of the state and to the U. S. Government, if they are needed.

I already have a number of such volunteers, and it will give me much
pleasure if you will authorize me to add your name to the list, thus not only
honoring "N. U.", but also showing a proper feeling of loyalty to her as well
as to the State and Federal Governments.

Faithfully and sincerely yours,

ALLAN D. BROWN, President.

Fully eight}^ percent of the alumni and past cadets responded
to this letter, offering their services. An alumnus in Massachu-
setts was authorized by the governor of that state to enroll a regi-
ment for the service in anticipation of a second call for volunteers.
The regiment was to be officered entirely by " N. U." men. Gen.
G. M. Dodge, '51, was tendered a major general's commission and
the command of the First Army corjjs, which was declined, as he
felt a younger man ought to be given the place. He ^^■as, however,
f]'equently called upon by President McKinley for advice on matters
pertaining to the conduct of the war.

Eleven cadets served in Co. F, 1st \'ermont Regiment as
follows: Captain, Frank L. Howe, '80; 2d Lieutenant, Carl]G. Dole,
'91; sergeants, George F. Bailey, '93, and Harry R. Dole, '96;
corporals, Phil S. Howes, '96, H. C. Howes, '98, G. D. Evans,'98, R. G.
Rich, '00; privates, Homer R. Chadwiek, '91, Leon A. Skinner, '96,
and Robert J. Potter, '01. The service of the other alumni and
cadets in the regiments was as follows: sergeant major, Flynn G.
Austin, '93; hospital steward. Homer J. Dane, '90; 1st sergeant,
Gardner Gates, '96; musicians, William C. Spafford, '97, and John
L. Tupper, '99; corporals, Clarence D. Wheelock, '98, and Bertrand
W. Sibley '00; private, Robert B. Swinnington, '99. Frederick


M. Barstow, '80, served as 1st lieutenant 3d Regiment U. S. Engi-

Charles S. Carleton, '96, served as captain in the 1st Maine
Regiment and Charles E. Walker, '97, as 1st lieutenant in the
Volunteer Signal corps. Fred T. Austin, '88, served as 1st lieu-
tenant and adjutant of the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment and
Harry L. Keith, '97, as corporal in the same regiment. Edmund
Rice, '60, rendered valuable service to the state of Massachusetts,
as colonel of the 6th Regiment. George F. Waugh, '01, served as
sergeant in this regiment.

U. S. S. "Montgomery," under command of Capt. George A. Converse, '63, entering the
harbor at Havana, soon after the destruction of the D. S. S. Maine.

George H. Clark, '02, and James M. Wardner, '01, served as
sergeants in the 1st New Hampshire regiment. Clarence B. Riggs,
'91, served as private in the Sth New York Infantry and later as
sergeant in the 2d U. S. Engineers. Roy D. Baker, '96, served as
a corporal in the 2d New York Infantry.

Edward IMcC. Peters,'80, entered the service from New Jersey,
as lieutenant in the U. S. Navy. John M. Schall, '55, rendered
valuable service in organizing the Pennsylvania Volunteers. He
served as colonel of the 6th Regiment in Cuba and was later pro-
moted brigadier general. Henry B. Hersey, '85, served as the


ranking major in the First U. S. ^^olunteer Cavalry, "Rough Riders/'
rendering valuable service as drill master of this famous oi'gani-
zation. Charles W. Mead, '81, entered the service as 1st lieutenant
Co. D, 1st Montana Regiment. He served for some time as chief
of scouts on General Mc Arthur's staff in the Philippine Islands and
later as captain in the 36th U. S. Volunteer Infantr}^

In the Regular Army service, several of the cadets were
especially prominent. Edward B. Williston, '56, was promoted
brigadier general and given, in 1S9S, command of the light artillery
brigade at Camp Thomas, Ga., the largest artillery force ever
assembled in America. He performed distinguished service as
military governor of Havana, Cuba, and provost marshal general
of Manila, P. I. Henry C. Wood, '56, served as brigadier general
during this war. Edmund Rice, U. S. A., '60, was promoted
lieutenant colonel and inspector general on the staff of General
Miles. He later served as colonel of the 6th Massachusetts Regi-
ment in Porto Rico; also as colonel of the 26th U. S. Volunteer
Infantry. He was, for some time, military governor of the
Island of Panay, P. I. Charles A. Coolidge, '63, performed
gallant service in the battle of El Caney, Cuba, July, 1898, and
Santiago, July 10-12, 1898. He later served with distinction in the
Philippine Islands; and was in command of the 9th U. S. Infantry
in China during the " Boxer' ' disturbances in 1900. Benjamin K.
Roberts, '64, served as major of artillery during the war. Capt.
Edward A. Shuttleworth, '91, served for some time as acting
chief ordnance officer on the staff of General Coppinger at
Tampa, Florida; and was later chief quartermaster of the corps
conmianded by this officer. He performed valuable service with
his regiment in Porto Rico, and in campaigns against the IMoros
in the Philippine Islands. W. B. Carr, '97, was commissioned 2d
lieutenant U. S. Artillery at the beginning of the .var, and served
for some time in Cuba.

The " N. U.'' men, who served in the Navy also performed
distinguished service. George Dewey, '55, in his defeat of the
Sj^anish fleet at the historic battle of Manila Bay on May 1, 1898,
l^ecame the hero of the Navy; and his achievement has placed him
anuHig the world's greatest naval officers. George A. Converse
'63, was orderetl to the harbor of Havana with the U. S. S. Mont-
gomery soon after the destruction of the U. S. S. Maine. He partici-
]iated in the bombardment of San Juan, Porto Rico; and served
with Admiral Sampson in the search for Admiral Cevera's fleet
and in the l)lockade of Havana.

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Charles C. Carpenter, '50, rear-admiral, U. S. N., retired,
served in command of the Portsmouth Navy Yard, during the war.
President Brown, of the University, also served several months as

Online LibraryWilliam Arba EllisNorwich University, 1819-1911; her history, her graduates, her roll of honor (Volume 1) → online text (page 41 of 61)