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Club types of nuclear Polynesia online

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33

1


15744


Samoa . .


Horned.. . .


Triangles grouped in compound triangles separated by diagonals, 2 types
opposing; downward units, three triangles with apices in same direction;
upward units, i apical triangle, 3 at base, all in same direction.


' :^3


15744


Samoa . .


Homed.. . .


Serration; opposite units divided by plain bar.


34


15744


Samoa . .


Homed.. . .


Serration; opposite units divided by notched bar.


35


3356


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Basketry, rectangiilar, no septa, broad bands represented by 6 parallel
lines in each.


36


2256


Tonga. . .


Paddle. . . .


Basketry, rectangular, septa one way, broad bands of parallel lines generally
heavier parallel to septa, i unit thin lines and spaced square dots.


37


2256


Tonga. . .


Paddle...


Basketry, rectangular, septa one way, broad bands parallel lines, composite
application.


38


3356


Tonga. . .


Paddle....


Basketry, no septa, broad bands parallel lines, longitudinal and right diago-
nal elements.


39


3356


Tonga.. .


Paddle ....


Basketry, septa horizontal, broad bands of parallel lines compound, each
unit upper right vertical, lower left left diagonal.


40


3355


Tonga . .


Paddle. . . .


Same as 41, but septa vertical, in compound unit upper right lines of
points arrayed horizontally.


41


3100 a


Fiji


Billet


Arc of longitudinal lines contained within upper and lower arcs band-, nd-
zigzag; dots in some dentelles (compare 27).


43


3789


Samoa. .


Mushroom.


Traingles, 2 units: in one plain triangles alternately opposed along line of
bases; in the other alternating apex up and apex down plain and com-
pound triangles, in the latter component triangles apically opposite the
compound (compare 31 and 32).


43


2258


Tonga.. .


Paddle. .. .


Circles, concentric, 3; blank line of diametric division suggests evolution
from figure of 3 concentric angles on same unit.


44


2258


Tonga. . .


Paddle...


Circles, concentric, 2, and center spot.


45


2258


Tonga.. .


Paddle. . . .


Circles, concentric, 2, and center spot; serration product of zigzag; loz-


46


2490


Fiji


Billet


enges.
Circle about pit on end of haft: radiants of 3 cuts not reaching edge; in each
sector double arcs; outer circle complete; circular depression with clumsy
resumption of 2 radiants; thin rim of club.


47


3181


Fiji


Lipped. . . .


Circle, 5 radii.


48


3181


Fiji


Lipped. . . .


Circle. 4 radii; concentric circle of zigzag; outer concentric circle.


49


3181


Fiji


Lipped ....


Circles, band-and-zigzag, concentric on end of haft; 4-rayed curvilinear
figure with tips extending into outer circle.


50


3359


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Upward arc, no chord; longitudinal rays of plain lines above; diagonal unit
of heavy cross-lines below. /.


51


3356


Tonga. . .


Paddle....


Upward arc, chord; subtending graduated longitudinal lines which at right
tend to become radiant (compare fig. 108).



I50



CLUB TYPES OF NUCLEAR POLYNESIA.

Table 54 — continued.



Fig.
No.


Piece
No.


Source.


Type.


Notes.


52


3358


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Downward arcs, 2, chords; subtending crescentic figure graduated lozenges.


53


3147


Tonga. . .


Paddle


Downward arcs, 3, chords; subtending crescentic figure graduated lozenges.


54


2270


Samoa . .


Lapalapa. .


Loop and tie, graduated in each loop.


55


2270


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .


Loop and tie, graduated in each loop.


56


3146


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Loop and tie, loops not graduated, lines very fine and clear; alternating
with line of connected lozenges.


57


3781


Fiji


Staff


Cordage involution; Maori erratic.


58


3147 ^


Fiji


Billet


Vine and leaf; vine conventional band-and-zigzag; leaf suggests /itesa, the
beach convolvulus (Hoya sp.); found also in figures 131, 132, 133, and
135, from same piece.


59


2258


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Dog; in heraldic terms souriant regardant.


60


3147 a


Fiji


Billet


Turtle (compare fig. 105).


61


3147 a


Fiji


Billet


Turtle.


62


2270


Samoa . .


Lapalapa. .


Sting-ray.


63


2270


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .


Shark; lateral aspect, 2 dorsals, i ventral fin, shovel mouth, heterocercal

tail.
Shark; dorsal aspect, 2 pectoral fins, heterocercal tail.


64


2268


Tonga. . .


Paddle


65


2268


Tonga.. .


Paddle....


Same as 64.


66


3145


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Fish; one dorsal, 2 ventral fins, homocercal; elegantly suggestive of the
bonito.


67


3145


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Fish; I dorsal, 2 ventral fins, homocercal tail, ventrals carved forward
(compare fig. 69), an invert of the same fish; chunky body.


68


3145


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Fish; I dorsal, i ventral, homocercal tail; fins opposite, near tail;
chunky body; different from 66 and 67.


69


3145


Tonga.. .


Paddle...


Fish; an inverted copy of 67.


70


2270


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .


Fish and bird; fish, no fins, slim body, homocercal; bird, as 83 in front, as
85 at tail.


71


2270


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .


Fish and bird, interrupted line; fish as 72 but heterocercal; bird as 70.


72


2270


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .


Fish and bird, interrupted line; fish as 71; bird as 70.


73


2270


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .


Fish and bird, interrupted line; two groups; one fish as 70, one as 71; birds


74


2257


Tonga. . .


Paddle


as 70.
Lizard.


75


31 45


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Bird; long bill, long tail, standing, straight legs.


76


2270


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .


Bird; long bill, long tail, standing, straight legs; more poorly executed

than 75.
Bird; long bill, long tail, standing, legs as triangles; lozenges produced by


77


3178 a


Samoa. .


Lapalapa. .










cross-cutting.


78


3178 a


Samoa . .


Lapalapa. .


Bird, as 77; lozenges, as 77.


79


2258


Tonga.. .


Paddle


Bird; long bill, long tail, standing, one leg triangular as in 77 and 78, the
other weakly trailing as fractured, whether by design or poor carving.


80


2258


Tonga.. .


Paddle...


Bird; long bill, long tail, sitting; either brooding, but no suggestion of nest,
or more likely resting upon the waters.


81


2261


Tonga.. .


Paddle...


Birds, 5 in flight; each represented by upward opening angles for wings,
small projection in angle for head, broad downward triangle for tail; the
tail of none of these birds suggests bifurcation: background, from left to
right, serrations, irregularly cross-cut lozenges, right diagonal parallel
lines, saw-teeth curved.


82


2261


Tonga. . .


Paddle....


Birds in flight; 2 groups of 2 each; as in 81 : background, left, longitudinal
and horizontal parallel lines, 2 serrations outwardly opposed, irregular
saw-tooth figure; right, saw-tooth figure, saw-teeth, i serration, saw-
teeth, saw-teeth curved.


83


3359


Tonga.. .


Paddle....


Bird in flight, fan tail; serration, longitudinal parallel lines, zigzag.


84


3359


Tonga.. .


Paddle....


Bird in flight; right diagonal parallel lines, zigzag.


85


3359


Tonga. . .


Paddle....


Bird in flight; longitudinal and horizontal light and heavy parallel lines.


86


2268


Tonga.. .


Paddle....


Bird in flight, head and tail with white transverse stripe; heavy parallel
lines in 3 directions, 1 unit zigzag, horizontal.


87


2258


Tonga.. .


Paddle ....


Bird in flight; left diagonal parallel lines, i unit horizontal zigzag.


88


2258


Tonga. . .


Paddle....


Bird in flight; poor serration and parallel lines.


89


3146


Tonga. . .


Paddle....


Bird in flight; horizontal serrations and zigzags.



ADDITIONS AND ORNAMRNT.

Table 54 — continued.



151



Piece
No.



Source.



3178 a
3172 a

3172 a

3175

3175

3175

2270

3175
2256



3174a



3178 a



3178a



3178 a



3178a



3178 a



3178 a
3145



1975



2268



3146



Samoa .

(?)

(?)
Tonga. ,
Tonga .
Tonga..
Samoa .

Tonga. .
Tonga. .



Tonga..
Samoa .
Samoa .

Samoa .

Samoa .

Samoa .



Samoa .
Tonga..



Tonga..



Tonga..



Tonga.



Type.



Lapalapa.
Lapalapa.

Lapalapa.
Rootstock
Rootstock
Rootstock
Lapalapa.

Rootstock
Paddle . . .



Paddle . . .
Lapalapa.
Lapalapa .

Lapalapa.

Lapalapa.

Lapalapa.



Lapalapa.
Paddle . . .



Paddle .



Paddle .



Paddle. . .



Notes.



Bird in flight, long neck and sagittate head as in 104 a; herring-bone.

Octopus; conventionalized; herring-bone, but in upper unit under pertur-
bation from outer angle of figure.

Octopus, as 91; addition of triangle in upper herring-hone.

Octopus; inlay, inner angles and base curved.

Octopus; inlay, less curved than 93.

Octopus, inlay, as 94.

Octopus, as swimming, sac, disk, and 6 tentacles; left diagonal lines below,
above divergent rays (compare 91 and 92 with upper convergent lines).

Triangle; inlay.

Man; head semicircular, neck short, shoulders square, arms hanging, hands
show thumb and one finger opposed, body triangular, hips rounded, legs
straight, feet outward.

Man; head semicircular, neck short, shoulders square, arms angled at
elbow, left forearm swollen, ? billet in each hand, body triangular, hips
angular, legs convergent, straight, feet outward, right upward.

Man; head semicircular, neck long with side-pieces, V-shoulders, arms
angled at elbow, no hands, body triangular, hips angular, legs parallel,
straight, feet outward; right diagonal lozenges.

Man; head semicircular, neck long with side-pieces, flat V-shoulders, arms
angle at elbow, no hands, body triangular, hips angular, legs outwardly
convergent, straight, feet outward; right diagonals, under feet i hori-
zontal bar over 4 vertical lines.

Man; head semicircular, neck long with side-pieces, V-shoulders, arms
angled at elbow, no hands, X-body, hips angled, legs outwardly con-
vergent, straight, feet outward; herring-bone, under feet horizontal bar
unites with upmost herring-bone.

Man; head semicircular, neck long with long and recurved side pieces, flat
V-shoulders; arms angled at elbow, no hands, body triangular, hips
angled, legs outwardly convergent, straight, feet outward; diagonal
lozenge pattern.

Man; head semicircular, neck long with right side-piece flat V-shoulders.
arms angled at elbow, no hands, body triangular, hips angled; legs out-
wardly convergent, straight, feet outward, left upward; radiant heavy
lines, suggesting arc over head, under feet 2 right diagonal serrations.

Bird, as in figure 90; on herring-bone.

Man within turtle; turtle (compare figures 60, 61). Man; head circular,
no neck, shoulders square, arms angled at elbow, hands on turtle rim,
body slimly triangular, no hips, thighs divergent, shins convergent, feet
outward.

Man; head circular, detached; no neck, shoulders square, arms angled at
elbow, no hands, forearms excessively prolonged; trunk triangular, no
hips, right leg flexed at knee, left leg straight, feet outward and down-
ward; line of shoulders prolonged each way equal to height of man, sug-
gesting amo carrying-pole, from each end depends rectangular body equal
to trunk in height, forearms nearly touch these bodies, interspace filled
with left diagonals; arc over head, under feet left diagonals.

Man; head circular, detached; no neck, shoulders square, arms angled at
elbow, no hands, forearms prolonged, the left to edge of panel, the right
1.25 times body-height to ornament; body triangular, hips angled, legs
straight, no feet; horizontal zigzag, between left leg and forearms 4 verti-
cal bars, left of ornament 7 bars; ornament block with 2 downward
notches, immediately beneath is similar block with one notch extended
leftward by plain line; overhead suggestion of half arc.

Man and arc; head semicircular, neck short; shoulders square, knob on
right; arms angled at elbow, no hands; trunk triangular, slight sugges-
tion of genitalia; hips angled, legs straight, convergent, feet outward;
arc semicircular with slightly recurved ends, begins at shoulder level,
radiant lines free at each end.



152



CLUB TYPES OF NUCLEAR POLYNESIA.
Table 54 — continued.



Fig.
No.



Piece

No.



Source.



Type.



Notes.



109



1975



1975



3359



"3



114



115



116



"7



117a



118



1975



3145



2270



3359



3145



3145



2261



Tonga.



Tonga.



Samoa .



Tonga.



Paddle.



Paddle .



Lapalapa.



Paddle . .



Tonga. .
Tonga..

Samoa .
Tonga. .

Tonga. .

Tonga. .
Tonga..



Paddle . . .
Paddle . . .

Lapalapa.
Paddle . . .

Paddle . . .

Paddle . . .
Paddle . . .



Man and arc; head circular, no neck; shoulders square, arms angled at
elbow, no hands; trunk triangular; no hips, right leg flexed at knee,
foot outward, left leg curved, foot downward and outward, walking pose;
arc heavy line over head shoulder width, no rays; triangle at left shoul-
der apex down, triangle at right elbow, hypotenuse away from body.

Man and arc; head circular, no neck; shoulders very square, extra joint,
arms angled at elbow, both upper arms enlarged above elbow, no hands ;
body triangular; no hips; right leg flexed at knee, foot outward, left
leg curved, rearward, foot downward and outward, ? clubbed; arc poorly
executed semicircle in plain line, more than shoulder-width, extending
down as far as middle of upper arms.

Man and arc; head semicircular, neck medium; shoulders square, arms
straight at 45° angles, no hands; trunk mathematically triangular; hips
slightly swelling, legs gently curved, feet outward; arc plain semicircle,
shoulder width, attached right shoulder, free left, no rays: weapons, in
right hand 2tined spear, in left club of carinated type head upward.

Man and arc; head circular, no neck; shoulders square, extra joint; arms
angled at elbow, no hands; trunk slimly triangular; legs straight, sharply
divergent, feet outward, prolonged; arc begins above level of crown at
left shoulder, extends in curve of under side to a point at midhead level
and quite beyond extent of right arm, thence in a right line downward to
level of right forearm, arc overhead crescentic by 2 intersecting upper
arcs forming a point; in space between right arm and right line of arc,
design an ornament of three exterior teeth on an upright, at upper end
angle extending over right shoulder; under aspect right forearm figure of
S capsized.

Man and arc; head circular, no neck; shoulders slightly rounded, extra
joint; arms angled at elbow, no hands; trunk slimly triangular, no hips;
legs straight, divergent, right foot downward and outward, left outward;
arc 2 straight lines disjunct; in angle of right elbow a small vertical body,
in angle of left a right angle.

Man and arc; head circular, neck short; shoulders square, extra joint left;
arms acute at elbow, biceps prominent in right; trunk slimly triangular;
no hips; right leg slightly flexed at knee, foot outward; left leg acutely
flexed at knee, shin inward, foot, detached, upward and outward; pose
suggests dancing; arc, line continuous over head from hand to hand, very
suggestive of dancing with skipping-rope

Man and arc; head quadrant with arc down, neck medium; shoulders arched ;
arms at 45° angle, sharp elbow angle, forearms not separable from arc,
with which they engage; trunk very slim triangle; no hips; legs of wish-
bone type, feet outward; arc as in 116, but with exterior addition at sum-
mit of curve of a pentagonal lump.

Man and arc; head circular, no neck, shoulders square, extra joint; arms
angled at elbow, no hands; trunk triangular, no hips; right leg straight,
left flexed at knee, feet outward in curve, greatly prolonged; arc repre-
sented by curve extending outside right shoulder, connected to crown by
a slight upright; upright near end right forearm large mushroom or cres-
cent club.

Man and arc; head circular, no neck; shoulders in perspective; arms acute
at elbow, no hands; trunks slimly triangular, hipped; legs straight, con-
verging, right foot outward, left downward and outward; half of arc,
resembles plume slanting upward to right, disconnected from head.

Man; head circular, no neck; shoulders square; arms acute at elbow, hands
represented by thumb and finger, the left particularly graphic; trunk
columnar, hipped; legs straight, parallel, feet outward.

Man and arc; head semicircular, neck medium; shoulders square, arms
angled at elbow, no hands; trunk triangular, no hips; right leg flexed at
knee, left leg curved outline straight, feet outward; arc represented by
irregular figure with angle adjusted over the head.



ADDITIONS AND ORNAMENT.
Table 54 — continued.



153



Piece

No.



Source.



Type.



Notes.



3359



3359



1975



3174



2270



2270



2270



1975



2268



3145



3145
2268



2261



Tonga. .
Tonga..

Tonga. .
Tonga..

Samoa. .

Samoa.
Samoa.

Tonga..
Tonga..
Tonga..



Tonga.
Tonga.



Paddle...
Paddle . . .

Paddle . . .
Paddle . . .

Lapalapa.

Lapalapa.
Lapalapa.

Paddle . . .
Paddle . . .
Paddle . . .



Paddle .
Paddle.



Tonga. .



Paddle.



Man; head circular, neck short; shoulders square, extra angle; arras angu-
lar at elbow, forearms slightly downward, no hands; trunk slightly tri-
angular, swelling hips; legs straight, slightly divergent, feet outward.
Man; head circular, necked; shoulders slightly angled, extra joint right;
arms angled at elbow, right forearm slightly downward, no hands; trunk
somewhat triangular, no hips; right leg lightly flexed at knee, foot for-
ward, left leg with knob at exterior knee, foot uncertain; in angle left
arm right angle parallel to arm, perhaps similar design in corresponding
right arm.
Man; head circular, no neck; shoulders square, extra joint left; arms angled
at elbow, no hands; trunk triangular, no hips; right leg straight, foot
outward, left leg flexed at knee, shin inclined inward, foot downward and
outward; walking pose.
Man; head semicircular, detached, no neck; shoulders very broad, extra
joints; arms straight, 45° angle, reaching almost to level of feet; trunk, a
mere line; hips swelling; legs straight, feet outward, instep carved; a very
artificial picture; right diagonals exterior to figure, left diagonals interior;
at head, not at neck, side-pieces.
Man; head circular, necked; shoulders square; arms acutely angled at el-
bow, no hands; trunk triangular; legs wishbone, feet outward; general
ornament herring-bone on area, but blank space about head has radiant
eflFect.
Man; head circular, necked; shoulders square; arms acutely angled at
elbow, right hand fisted; trunk incurving triangular; legs wishbone, feet
with instep, left foot greatly prolonged.
Man; head circular, necked; shoulders narrow; arms acutely angled at
elbow, no hands; trunk slim triangle, no hips; right leg flexed at hip and
knee, raised as high as knee level, foot outward and upward; left leg
slightly bent, foot outward; the picture of climbing or a moment in the
dance.
Man; head circular, no neck; shoulders not in line, square, extra joint;
arms angled at elbow, upper arms modeled, no hands; trunk triangular,
no hips; legs wishbone, feet outward, instep on right.
Man; rounded outlines; head circular, necked; shoulders square; arms an-
gled at elbow, right forearm slightly downward, left upward; trunk col-
umnar, hipped; legs converging, no feet.
Man; rounded outlines; head circular, no neck; shoulders narrow, extra
joints; arms represented by dependent body with curve at end; trunk
columnar, excessively hipped; right leg straight on inner aspect, modeled
exteriorly, left leg inward curve, feet outward.
Man: differs from 128 only in pointed tips of arms.
Three men:

Left: head circular, detached, no neck; no shoulders, but 2 distinct con-
centric arms follow curves of trunk, no hands; trunk detached, cir-
cular, no hips; legs straight, right detached, divergent, no feet;
between the legs an irregular body reaching to the ground, possibly
exaggeration of genitalia.
Center: head circular, detached, no neck; shoulder involved obscurely
in concentric arms as in former, no hands; trunk attached circular;
hips, right clearly indicated, detached from trunk; legs attached,
straight, divergent, no feet; at ground-level between the legs a sugges-
tion of the similarly situated unit in the former.
Left: head circular, no neck; shoulders engage with extra units; arms
angular at elbows, forearms prolonged, right approximates central
figure; trunk columnar, hipped; legs straight, parallel, no feet.
Man, approaching his irreducible minimum: 7 pieces, all detached; head
circular, no neck; arms curved, uplifted; trunk; detached hip, as in center
figure 129; legs divergent.



154



CLUB TYPES OF NUCLEAR POLYNESIA.

Table 54 — continued.



Fig.
No.


Piece

No.


131


31470


132


3147 a


133


3147 a


134


3147 a


135


3147 a


i35fl


3147 a


136


3358


137


3147 a


138


2258


139


3145



Source.



Fiji.



Fiji.



Fiji.



Fiji.



Fiji.



Fiji.



Tonga. .



Fiji.



Tonga.



Tonga.



Type.



Billet .



Billet .



Billet .



Billet .



Billet .



Billet .



Paddle.



Billet .



Paddle.



Paddle.



Notes.



Man; head, slightly cocked to right, circular figure flattened atop with rim
figure on cheeks and chin, all detached; shoulders, rising to right, broad;
arms angled at elbow, right hand 3 fingers, left hand 4; trunk triangular,
no hips; legs straight, parallel, modeled exteriorly to represent thighs,
feet outward; leaf from spiral vine engages with head.

Man; as in 131, except head and attachment erect, shoulders slightly
scooped, angle at elbows acute, right hand thumb and 3 fingers, left hand
4 fingers and i detached; trunk broad columnar; ornament near left
hand is inverted but same type as in 137 and probably 2-tined spear;
leaf with added tip.

Man; head circular at crown, flat under chin, detached, no neck; shoulders
slightly scooped; arms acutely angled at elbow, left detached, right hand
knobbed, left smaller knob; trunk triangular to a point from which issues
unit of 5 curved angles ending in a sagittate ornament, the whole sug-
gesting a very free treatment of genitalia; legs detached, left hip well
marked on leg, both legs bowed, no feet; margined leaf.

Man; head, flat crown, circular on cheeks and chin, double concentric lines
along the curved regions, detached; shoulders square; arms acute-angled
at elbow, right hand 4 fingers, left hand 3; trunk triangular; legs wish-
bone, feet outward.

Man; head circular, surrounded three lower sides by rectangular attach-
ment disjoined under chin, inclined to left, detached; shoulders narrow;
arms detached, acute angle at elbow, right hand 3 fingers, left hand 4;
trunk columnar, no hips; legs slightly bowed, feet outward.

Man; head circular, no attachments, detached; bar in place of side-pieces
seen in 100-104; detached; shoulders broad; right arm detached, acutely
angled at elbow, thumb and finger approximated, index engaging with
fingers of left hand of associated figure; left arm straight along side, 4
fingers; trunk very slightly triangular, no hips; legs parallel, slightly
curved, downward to left, both feet flat to left, left buttock noted; posi-
tion seems sedentary, but not coordinate with customary Fijian seden-
tary posture; leaf.

Men and bird; 4 men. heads triangular, necks long, shoulders narrow, arms
extended horizontally, forearms vertically upward, fingers 3 on each
hand except inner hand of inner and outer hand of outer figure in right
hand group with 4; trunks triangular, hipped, legs straight, convergent,
feet outward, excessively prolonged; bird as in 83 and 84, but tail
reduced.

Note from Hazlewood's Fijian Dictionary s. v. tama: " If a tropic bird
flies over them when sailing they utter some such prayer as follows,
' Mo kila, saka, mada ga me cagi vinaka. Regard us, good lord,
vouchsafe us a fair wind.' The posture is that of the act of prayer."

Man armed; head circular, lacks appendages of others in this series,
detached, side-pieces represented by a single central detached bar; shoul-
ders narrow; arms detached, acutely angled at elbow, no hands; trunk
triangular and long, ending in a small knob; hips obscure but perhaps
present in small lower triangle attached to knob; legs short, divergent;
right foot outward, left outward and upward; right hand holds upright
2-tined spear (compare 132).

Man armed; head semicircular, necked; shoulders broad; arms acutely


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