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proximal, 1.5 inches distal; right face marked by 3 longitudinal bands of
basketry flanked by borders of transverse bands; left face, 2 broader bands of
basketry with same border design; from proximal corners of central element
rise 2 conical knobs extended longitudinally in ribs 1.5 inches to distal end of
socket; ribs without ornament; strongly carved, showing blade in angles.

Blade: 3 inches wide at socket, 6 inches at edge, 5.25 inches at i inch from
edge, sharply curving into blunt cusps; thickness at edge i inch, at thickest
point near center 1.5 inches.

Ornament of blade: Right face, well-marked longitudinal band through
center, curved lines radiating from same point to cusps and edges; at 2.25
inches from socket transverse band i inch each side median line, on which
erected diamond from center of socket to center of edge, filled with lines
parallel to faces; between outer half of diamond and outer areas of curved
lines two triangles of lines parallel with cutting-edge; cutting-edge distin-
guished on face by border of dentelles and basketry over edge. Left-hand
face, same ornament, not quite so well executed.

Shaft: Angle with head 5°; shaft curved; length over all, 41 inches, of shaft
proper, 31 inches; oval section; circumference at haft, 4.75 inches, at head 6
inches; not flanging; without ornament.

Socket: 2.75 inches wide at shaft, 4.5 inches distal; thick- P. 3361.
ness, 1.5 inches at distal knobs; both sides uniform; upper ^^^
edge punctate, low^er plain. Extra unit: 1.5 inches longi- piate w' %
tudinally, 2.87 inches wide at shaft, flanging to 3.25 inches dis-
tal ; 6 transverse bands crossed at right angles by 3 longitudinal on either side
central rib, forming deeply pitted cells. First unit : 2.25 inches longitudinally ;
at distal edge rib i inch transverse, joining at right angles rib 2.25 inches
horizontally toward shaft; in panel thus formed 9 transverse bands, i longi-
tudinal; central element reduced to strongly marked rib continuous from
shaft to third unit; upper side frequently punctate, lower side not; puncta-
tions not correlated with transverse banding; between central rib and longi-
tudinal rib of former element shallow depression of basketry ornament with
three punctations similarly situated on both faces; third element, knob 0.5
inch wide at top, 0.75 inch at base, 0.25 inch high. In this club the rib at
each edge is less distinctly developed than in P 2478 and P 3362. Second
unit : Transverse band of P 3362 here represented by general transverse band-
ing of club, 6 transverse, 2 longitudinal on one side of central rib, 3 on other;
1.37 inches longitudinally. Third unit: 3 inches longitudinally, 4 inches wide
toward shaft, marked by irregularly spaced points in which two faces lack
con-espondence ; at upper edge central ornament carried from one face to the
other by band 0.5 inch wide; 2 conical knobs of same size as in first unit, faces
correlated, all 6 knobs lightly punctate, suggesting boring, not found in other
clubs of type ; flaring ribs showing blade in angles.

Blade: 4 inches wide at socket, 4 inches at half inch from edge, 3.5 inches
at edge; length 2.25 inches from paired knobs, 1.75 inches from socket to edge;
thickness at edge 0.5 inch, at socket 0.75 inch; points absent; corners rounded.



46 CLUB TYPES OF NUCLEAR POLYNESIA.

Ornament of blade: On median line from socket to edge irregular trape-
zoidal plain space 1.5 inches long, 1.25 inches wide; reticulation radiating out-
ward and forward from socket as far as points of blade, issuant from trapezoid
reticulation parallel to edge of blade ; edge marked by 4 deep pits.

Shaft: Straight; angle with head 20°; length over all, 36 inches, of shaft
proper, 28 inches; oval section; circumference at haft 4.25 inches, at head 5.5
inches, flange 6.75 inches. Without ornament; cutting
crude. P. 2478.

Head: Ornament crude and much worn. Clark-Oldman

Socket: 2.5 inches wide at shaft, 4.5 inches distal; thick- piate IV, i.
ness 2 inches at distal knobs ; faces uniform ; edges of basketry
ornament not clearly connected with ornament of faces. First unit: 1.75
inches long, without transverse band; at upper side rectangular rib 1.5 inches
transversely, 1.75 inches longitudinally; in panel basketry pattern; no perfora-
tion. Central element: ridge 1.75 inches long, 0.25 inch wide proximal,
0.5 inch distal; no ornament. Third element: shallow depression carrying
strongly marked knob merging into rib 0.5 inch wide, 0.25 inch thick, 3 inches
from shaft; decoration, basketry. Second unit absent. Third unit: 1.75
inches long. Central element: 1.5 inches wide proximal, 0.75 inch distal,
much abraded basketry; at proximal corners knobs roughly indicated, ex-
tended longitudinally in ribs to distal end of socket, outer 2.25 inches, inner
2 inches long ; ribs without ornament, showing blade in angles ; basketry orna-
ment outside ribs.

Blade: 3 inches wide at socket, 5.5 at edge, but chipped; upper point with-
out cusp, lower (chipped) point suggests cusp; thickness, on edge 0.75 inch,
at thickest point, near center, 1.25 inches.

Ornament of blade: Right face very much worn; at 2.5 inches from socket
curved lines radiant to points; at 3 inches base of central triangle 1.25 inches
wide, other sides 2.25 inches; ornament between triangle and points appar-
ently basketry carried over into basketry on edge of blade. Left face: two
lines roughly curved from center of socket to points, spaces covered with
transverse rows of roughly picked longitudinal incisions; at 2.5 inches from
socket base of triangle 1.25 inches wide, other sides 2.25 inches; stripe next
base 0.37 inch longitudinally, of 9 dextral diagonal lines; rest of triangle
pecked incisions; from base apices of triangle and from longer sides roughly
parallel lines to final element at edge of blade, these lines flanked by longi-
tudinal strips of basketry 3.12 inches wide; these flanked by areas of longi-
tudinal lines forming triangles with curved lines flowing from center of socket ;
edge of blade thin border of dextral diagonal lines on face; on edge proper,
basketry ornament.

LIPPED CLUBS.

Plates II, g, h, i; VI, a, h, c. Provenience: Fiji.

The 15 pieces in this group form one of the most elegant and highly-
interesting series in the museum's collection of South Sea ethnica, and
in addition I expect to employ the type for the establishment of a valu-
able theory of origins. Resting upon head forms, a subdivision of the
group into three species is at once apparent, as here stated.

A . Edges of head rounded ; rib in angle ; lip and head oval ; panels of
roughened and pecked surface ending in the curve of the shaft in a dis-
tinctly marked line of demarcation and at the end in two pieces cover-



TYPES OF THE CLUBS.



47



ing the whole of the lower sides, so far as they can be delimited in the
rounded form, except that in 2474 the demarcation is not made clear
and the form in this particular is transitional to species B.

B. Edges of head sharp; lip and head triangular; no rib in angle;
transverse rugosity merging in shaft (except 3791 a, which has no
rugae but longitudinal rivings) and covering the whole of the lower
sides of the head.

C. Edges of head sharp; lip and head narrow; no rib in angle, except
3791 and 3 1 79 ; clearly marked panels of formal roughening which cover
lower sides of the head.

All the pieces show on the face of the head a blade-like prominence
from the center of the top to the lower angle.

Table 21.



Piece

No.


Length of
curve of lip.


Girth of haft
and knob.


Measure-
ments of
angle.


Measurements
of head.


Measurements of
rough panel.


c

V

il

3 ^



|.i

C

c

l-l


In

X



_C


C


3i




V

B c

IT-

u

.Sf



in

2^

CO 4>


s ■

01

X


c.


be

c .
^

5-g
c -^


be a


Width.


In

« S


'en

11




3186 a
3180
2474
3791 c
2476


40 5

42

39

38

40


38.5
42

39

36.5

40


5-75
5 5
6.25
5
4-75


7
7
8
6.5

5-75


2

15

2.5

1-75
1.5


5-5
3-5
6

4

4


2.25

15

2.5

15

1.75


3 25

2.5

4

2

2.5


3-75

3

4

3

3


8
10
14-5

7-75
8


I 75
3
2
2.25


2.5
3 5
6

3-5
2.5



The end of the haft exhibits a flange in 37916 and 2475, a neatly
formed dome in all of species A and in 2495 and 3186 c, and in 3791 the
rough whittUng shows an incompleted dome ; a well-formed flat knob in
3791 a, 2473, and 3181.

Perforation, little necessary in Fijian clubs of this length, is found as
an orifice vertically through the edge of the flat knob in 3183, diagonal
in 3782 b, and in 2475 another instance of that infrequent and probably
modem diametrical perforation of the shaft which has been noted in
missile club 2461 a.

For better comparison the data for each of the three species are
given separately. In species A, as in this item for all the species, two
measurements of length are taken (table 21), one along the outer curve
to the point of the hp, the other along the inner curve to the extremity
of the head. In 3 of these 5 pieces the two length-measurements are
the same; in the 2 where difference is found, the shorter length is that
along the inner curA^e. The next measurements (table 21) give the
circumference of the haft and of the knob at the extreme end.



48



CLUB TYPES OF NUCLEAR POLYNESIA.



In table 21 is given the record for the lip on its outer face — the
width across the angle, and the height from the bottom of the angle to
the tip.

Table 22.



Piece
No.


Length of
curve of lip.


Girth of haft
and knob.


Measure-
ments of
angle.


Measiu-ements
of head.


Measurements of
rough panel.


a
'0 .

lU

S.c
3 ~~'



a 1;

i- ii

D .a

C v^

c


CI





.5



c


<n

2 .


a
.

ti 'in

01

ag

J3 -^

.£f

4) -^




.3-S


4-1 Xi

•a y

■3 ^


a

+j

M

C .
^

be a


3 -^

5-3
c -^


Width.


'to

CI

4J y

« e


'to




3791 a
3791 b
2495
2473
3181


34-5

38

22

40

43-5


35

38

23

40.5

41-5


4-75

4

4

5

5-33


6.5
4-75
5-5
6

6.5


2.5

2.25

2

2.5

325


325
2

2.25
2

3


2-75

2.25

2.75
325


325
2.25

2

2-75

2.25


2

1-5

2

1-75

1-75


12

13-5

6

12.5

II-5


2.25

2


6.25
5


2.75
1-5


6

5-5



The head unit yields three measurements — the width across the face,
which may be compared with the width in the angle of the lip, the
height of the face, and the length along the top measured, from the line
of the angle.

Table 23.





Length of


Girth


Df haft


Measure-
ments of
angle.


Measurements


Measurements of


Piece

No.


curve


of lip.


and knob.




of head




rough panel.


'S

«


."S 'in

a^

HJ CI


'en


CI




c


en
.

|J

J3


a

_o .

ci

^ .a

a S

Vl^
1-.

.M


•a

rt

CI

^
y 'in




a


M

c .

^
Co ^


in

"is


Width.


'in

CI

43









C


ffi


W


i?


K


^


K


;!i


>-J


^





3186 c


35


36


4-5


5-33


1.5


3-5


1-75


4-5


4


10.5


2.33


7-25


2475


43


42


5-5


7


1-75


4-5


2


5


4 25


15-5


2.75


8.5


3179


42


42


5


6.75


2.5


5-5


2.5


4-5


5-5


15


3-5


8


3186 b


42


39


6


7-5


2


5-5


2-5


8


5-5


15


4


13


3791


42


44


5-5


6.5


2.5


5


2


6.25


6.25


14


3


II



For the rough panel the length is taken from the edge of the head
backward on the shaft along the inner curve and the width of the panel
from one of its edges to the other at the two extremes of length.

The corresponding details for species B are set forth in table 22.

For species C the same details are offered in table 23.



TYPES OF THE CLUBS.



49



The difference of the form of these clubs from others under examina-
tion precludes direct comparison. With the exception of 2495, a short
and light weapon with another anomaly in the roughened panel, these
are all clubs for two-handed use and correspond generally with the
pandanus clubs in length, though far lighter. In collating the two
lengths which have been measured, an interesting detail is found in the
relation of the length to lip and head respectively, many of the weapons
being the same in both measurements, and in the following Hst the
difference of half an inch has been disregarded and where differences
exist the measurement of that difference has been inserted

Equal 3180, 2474. 2476, 3791 b, 2473, 3179. 3791 a-

Lip longer 3186 a (2), 3791 c (1.5). 3181 (2), 3186 c (i), 3186 b (3).

Head longer 2495 (i), 2475 (i). 3791 (2).

Of the 15 pieces, 7 show equality in length measurements, 5 have the
lip measurement the longer by from i to 3 inches, 3 have the head
longer by i or 2 inches.

Table 24.



Girth
of haft
(inches).


Piece No.


Girth
of haft

(inches).


Piece No.


4

4-5
4-75
5
5 25


3791 b, 2495
3186 c

2476. 3791 a
3791 c, 2473, 3179
3181


5-5
5-75
6
6.25


3180. 2475, 3791
3186 a
3186 b

2474





The haft measurements are given for further reference in table 24.

The measurements of lip and head, specific to this group, are not
comparable outside the group. The width of the hp ranges from 1.5
to 2.5 inches in species A, from 2.25 to 3.25 in species B, from 1.75 to
2.5 inches in species C; its height from 3.5 to 6 inches in A, from 2 to
3.25 inches in B, from 3.5 to 5.5 inches in C. So with the head; in
width 1.5 to 2.5 inches in A, from 2 to 3.25 inches in B, from 1.75 to 2.5
inches in C; in height, from 2 to 4 inches in A, from 2 to 3.25 inches in
B, from 4.5 to 8 inches in C; in length, from 3 to 4 inches in A, from
1.5 to 2 inches in B, from 4 to 6.25 inches in C.

The rough panel, also distinctive of this group, ranges in length from
7.75 to 14.5 inches in A, from 11.5 to 13.5 inches in B, from 10.5 to
15.5 inches' in C.

Length: To end of lip, 40.5 inches; to end of head, 38.5 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 5.75 inches; at hemispherical knob, 7 inches.

Lip: Circumference, 6.25 inches; width in angle, 2 inches; ^ ^^^ ^
height, 5.5 inches. Fi^^i'

Head: Circumference, 8.75 mches; width on lace, 2.25 piate II, h.
inches; height on face, 3.25 inches; length on top, 3.75 inches.

Roughened surface neatly paneled, 8 inches long, 1.75 and 2.5 inches wide.



50 CLUB TYPES OF NUCLEAR POLYNESIA.

Length: To end of lip, 42 inches; to end of head, 42 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 5.5 inches; at hemispherical knob, 7 inches;
vertical perforation through edge.

Lip: Circumference, 4.5 inches; width in angle, 1.5 inches; p..3^^°-
height, 3.5 inches. W. H. MiUer gift.

Head : Circumference, 6.25 inches ; width on face, i .5 inches ;
height on face, 2.5 inches; length on top, 3 inches.

Rough panel 10 inches long, 3 and 3.5 inches wde; covers lower edges of
head.

Ornament: 2 pairs of irregularly punctate lines extend along shaft from
knob; service of sennit from grip to and overlapping rough panel; on upper
surface of head a band of zigzag following curve of ridge ; 2 transverse zigzag
straps.

Length: To end of lip, 39 inches; to end of head, 39 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 6.25 inches; at hemispherical knob, 8 inches.

Lip: Circumference, 7 inches; width in angle, 2.5 inches;
height, 6 inches. Fi'l'*^'^*

Head: Circumference, 10 inches; width on face, 2.5 inches; ciark-Oldman.
height on face, 4 inches; length on top, 4 inches.

Rough panel 14.5 inches long, 2 and 6 inches wide; covers lower edges of
head; polished.

Length: To end of lip, 38 inches; to end of head, 36.5 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 5 inches; at hemispherical knob, 6.5 inches.

Lip: Circumference, 5.5 inches; width in angle, 1.75 inches;
height, 4 inches. 37,9i c.

Head : Circumference, 5.75 inches ; width on face, i .5 inches ; Pepper-Voy.
height on face, 2 inches; length on top, 3 inches.

Rough panel 7.75 incles long, 2.25 and 3.5 inches wide.

Length: To end of lip, 40 inches; to end of head, 40 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 4.75 inches; at domed knob, 5.75 inches.

Lip: Circumference, 4.5 inches; width in angle, 1.5 inches;
height, 4 inches. ^..^476-

Head : Circumference, 6.5 inches ; width on face, 1.75 inches ; pp'. q,^
height on face, 2.5 inches; length on top, 3 inches. Plate VI a.

Rough panel sharply outlined, 8 inches long, 2 and 2.25
inches wide.

Lip shows a deeply scored line concentric with its edges on upper faces.

IvCngth: To end of lip, 34.5 inches; to end of head, 35 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 4.75 inches; at flat knob, 6.5 inches.

Lip: Circumference, 6.75 inches; width in angle, 2.5 inches;
height, 3.25 inches. 3?.?^ *•

Head: Circumference, 7.75 inches; width on face, 2.75 Pep'per-Voy.
inches; height on face, 3.25 inches; length on top, 2 inches.

Rough panel: Rived surfaces longitudinal, 12 inches long, 2.25 and 6.25
wide; covers lower edges of head.

Ornament: Parceling of pandanus leaf and two parts of sennit square roping
both applied at beginning of rough panel.



TYPES OF THE CLUBS. 5 1

Length: To end of lip, 38 inches; to end of head, 38 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at grip, 4 inches, flanging 4.75 inches; transverse
perforation at edge.

Lip: Width in angle, 2.25 inches; height, 2 inches. 379i b.

Head: Width on face, 2.25 inches; height on face, 2.25 Pepper-Voy.
inches; length on top, 1.5 inches.

Rugosity, 13.5 inches long, 2 and 5 inches wide; covers lower edges of head.

Ornament : Parceling of pandanus leaf at beginning of rugosity ; well- worked
turk's head and sennit loop on haft.

Length: To end of lip, 22 inches; to end of head, 23 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 4 inches; at domed head, 5.5 inches.

Lip: Width in angle, 2 inches; height, 2.25 inches.

Head: Width on face, 2 inches; height on face, 2 inches; p..?495-
length on top, 2 inches; upper angles of head beveled. Clark-Oldman.

Rugosity reduced to series of notches for 6 inches along Plate XI, 27.
lower angle of head and shaft.

Ornament: Grip, 6 inches, with roughly worked cross-hatcheled panels,
some of the hatcheling filled in.

Length: To end of lip, 40 inches; to end of head, 40.5 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 5 inches; at fiat knoi), 6 inches, p 2473.

Lip: Width in angle, 2.5 inches; height, 2 inches. Fiji.

Head: Width on face, 2.75 inches; height on face, 2.75 inches; Clark-Oldman.
length on top, 1.75 inches.

Rugosity: 12.5 inches long, 2.75 and 6 inches wide; covers lower edges of
head.

Ornament: Grip, 8.75 inches, woven band-and-zigzag, with median and
final straps of double band-and-zigzag.

Length: To end of lip, 43.5 inches; to end of head, 41.5 inches.

Shaft: Circumference of haft, 5.25 inches; of flat knob, 6.5 inches.

Lip: Width in angle, 3.25 inches; height, 3 inches. p -

Head: Width on face, 3.25 inches; height on face, 2.25 pjjj_
inches; length on top, 1.75 inches. Oldman.

Rugosity, 1 1.5 inches long, 1.5 and 5.5 inches wide; covers Plate II, g; VI,
lower edges of head. *^' ^■'^^» 47. 48,

Ornament: Sharply carved grip, 11.75 inches band-and-
zigzag and basketry; added ornament of cross in circle surrounded by ring of
zigzag and outer concentric circle, also small circle of 5 radii ; knob ornamented
with 2 circles of concentric band-and-zigzag overlaid by a 4-rayed star.

Length : To end of lip, 35 inches ; to end of head, 36 inches.

Shaft: Circumference of haft, 4.5 inches; of domed knob, 5.25 inches.

Lip: Width in angle, 1.5 inches; height, 3.5 inches.

Head: Width on face, 1.75 inches; height on face, 4.5 inches; |!.?.^^° ^'
length on top, 4 inches.

Rugosity: Panel 10.5 inches long, 2.25 and 7.25 inches wide; covers lower
edges of head, except for 0.12-inch band along edge separating the two faces;
panel filled with quite regular hexagonal flat knobs divided by triple trans-
verse straps of 3 rows each of dentelles with points down shaft, i strap at end
of head, i at angle of lip, i midway beyond.

Ornament: Bounding edges of lip and panel sharply marked by carved
molding.



52 CLUB TYPES OF NUCLEAR POLYNESIA.

Length: To end of lip, 43 inches; to end of head, 42 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 5.5 inches, flanging to 7 inches; perforated
diametrically below flange.

Lip: Width in angle, 1.75 inches; height, 4.5 inches. Fifi^'^^'

Head: Width on face, 2 inches; height on face, 5 inches; length oidman.
on top, 4.25 inches; slightly rounded at upper edges.

Rugosity: Highly conventionalized, hexagonal flat knobs produced by cuts
in three directions; panel 15.5 inches long, 2.75 and 8.5 inches wide, covers
lower edges of head.

Length: To end of lip, 42 inches; to end of head, 42 inches.

Shaft: Circumference of haft, 5 inches; of flat knob, 6.75 p 3176.
inches. Fiji.

Lip : Width in angle, 2.5 inches ; height, 5.5 inches. W. H. Miller gift.

Head: Width on face, 2.5 inches, rounded corners; height ^^**® ^^' ^•
on face, 4.5 inches; length on top, 5.5 inches.

Rugosity: Conventionalized, hexagonal flat knobs; panel 15 inches long,
3.5 and 8 inches wide, divided by 4 straps of double band-and-zigzag, i at
head, i at angle of lip, i midway, i at shaft, thus forming 3 compartments;
not continuous; separated by plain 0.5-inch band along inner edge of club.

Length: To end of lip, 42 inches; to end of head, 39 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 6 inches; of flat knob, 7.5 inches, p ^ige b.

Lip: Width in angle, 2 inches; height, 5.5 inches. Fiji.

Head: Width on face, 2.5 inches; top rounded; height on face,
8 inches; length on top, 5.5 inches.

Rugosity: Conventional, fine square flat knobs produced by heavy rec-
tangular scoring; length, 15 inches, 4 and 13 inches wide; covers lower edges of
head; two orifices in panel of hour-glass right-line pattern bounded by flat
band concentric and deep scoring.

Ornament: Shaft from head to panel covered with service of sennit in
yellow, black, and red, and one element of red coir twine.

Length: To end of lip, 42 inches; to end of head, 44 inches.

Shaft: Circumference at haft, 5.5 inches; at rude knob, 6.5 inches.

Lip: Width in angle, 2.5 inches; height, 5 inches. 379^-

Head: Width on face, 2 inches; height on face, 6.25 inches; Fiji,
length on top, 6.25 inches. Pepper-Voy.

Rugosity: Conventional, irregular flat polygons; panel arising from shaft
with sharp shoulder, 14 inches long, 3 and 11 inches wide, covers lower edges
of head ; band of dentelles at shaft and at angle of lip facing forward, at edge
of head facing rearward ; first panel on right face of club and second panel on
left face have been filled with chunam.

Roughly whittled from 1.2 5 -inch plank of soft wood; length P. 2477-
to tip, 38 inches; length to head, 38 inches; height of lip, 5.5 Qark-Oldman
inches; height of head, 6 inches; Length of head, 7 inches.

MACE TYPE.

Plate III, a, b, c, g. Provenience: Fiji.

At this point we pass from the types of clubs which show their imme-
diate timber source in the stem of the tree with its attached root-body,
or in the crotch, where the limb has been cut out with some part of the
trunk. In the next several types we lack sure guide to the timber
source until we reach at last the types in which we may read without



TYPES OF THE CLUBS.



53



error the plank rived from the trunk. In this intermediate stage we
can do no more than follow inference from our comprehension of the
methods which the clubwright would follow in reducing as much as
possible of his arduous toil. Inasmuch as all the clubs of this inter-
mediate stage are distinguished in or about the head by the thickness,
more or less pronounced, of the wood, we feel justified in regarding
their timber source as either the branch or the stem, as might be the
more convenient in manipulation.

The first of the intermediates is the mace, no matter what its length,
characterized by a head of many spikes which may be cut as saw-teeth
or as sharp cones. In the museum are 4 excellent pieces which fall
into 2 well-marked genera, 2 long and armed with saw-teeth, the others
short and armed with a manifold supply of cones. The longer weapons





Table


25










3792 c.


3792.


3792 a.


3792 h.


Length


Inches.
40.5
21.5
19

4-5


Inches.
40.5
20.5
18
4 25


Inches.
25 -5
15

10.5
4-75


Inches.
145
925
525

4


Haft


Head

Circumference haft





are clearly two-handed ; of the smaller, one is distinctly one-handed for
use as a supplementary weapon ; the other by reason of the great weight
of its head must have required both hands for effective service. Be-
cause of the paucity of material, which prevents comparison within


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Online LibraryWilliam ChurchillClub types of nuclear Polynesia → online text (page 6 of 21)