William Clinton Armstrong.

The Lundy family and their descendants of whatsoever surname online

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Online LibraryWilliam Clinton ArmstrongThe Lundy family and their descendants of whatsoever surname → online text (page 1 of 41)
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New Brunswick, N. J.

J. Heidingsfeld, Printer, 42 Albany St.






Two Copie» Received

SEP 16 1903

Copyright Entry

CLXSS <5_ XXo. N«,


Copyright, 1902, by

William Clinton Armstrong

All Rights Reserved



Esther Ann Armstrong

This Book

Is Affectionately Dedicated

By Her Son


The Lundy lineage, so far as known, begins with three
names, which represent three successive generations — father,
son, and grandson.

First. The father was Sylvester Lundy of Axminster,
County of Devon, England ; our only known ancestor in the
Lundy line who lived and died in the Old World.

Second. The son was Richajd Lundy the First, born in
England, a resident of Axminster, an emigrator to the New
World in 1676, a settler in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and
the Founder of the Lundy Family in America. He was an
Elder in the Religious Society of Friends.

Third. The grandson was Richard Lundy the Second, the
first American-born Lundy. He was born in the County of
Bucks, Pennsylvania, in 1692 ; and died in the County of
Warren, New Jersey, in 1772. He was an Elder in the Relig-
ious Society of Friends, and was active at the organization of
three new Meetings, or Churches, in the wilderness — the Buck-
ingham, the Plumstead, and the Hardwick. From this Rich-
ard the Second have sprung numerous Lundy households,
which are now widely scattered throughout the United States
and Canada.

We will now speak more fully concerning each of these three

Sylvester Lundy.

Very brief, indeed, is the account that has come down to us
concerning this man who leads the list of our Lundy fore-
fathers. We know his name and the town he lived in and that
he begot a son Richard. These items, so meager and barely
sufficient for the inscription on a tombstone, comprise the whole
record ; there is nothing else known about him. No definite
answer can be given to the many queries which naturally arise
concerning his rank, occupation and religious belief, his wife,
and his other .children, if others there were, and his parentage
and remote ancestry.


But our authority for what Httle we do know is excellent ; and
a great satisfaction it is to have the history of the Lundy
Family open, not with some vague tantalizing tradition, but
with matter of early historical record. Our authority is an
official entry which was made about 1685 in a book kept by a
public officer in pursuance of a colonial law. The entry begins
thus : "Richard Lundy, of x\xminster, in the County of Devon,
son of Sylvester Lundy, of the said town in old England . . ."
These words, as it will appear when we describe more fully the
document from which they are quoted, were undoubtedly taken
down by the Register of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, from the
lips of Richard himself.

We have now told all that is known about Sylvester Lundy
and have given ouir authority ; and yet although we have a long
genealogical story to tell, we cannot pass on at once, but feel
that we must pause and muse in reverent spirit as by the side
of an ancient grave newly-found wherein rests one of whom we
would fain learn' more.

Here, too, seems to l)e the appropriate place in our narrative
to introduce a short account of Axminster, "the said town in
old England," the trans-atlantic home of our ancestor Sylvester

What and where is Axminster, and why was it so named ?
Devon is one of the southern counties of England, and Axmin-
ster is one of the southern towns of Devon. It is a small
market-town with less than three thousand inhabitants, on the
river Axe, three miles from the English Channel. It is much too
small to be on the map in a common geography ; on a map of
larger scale, it will be found on the southern coast-line of Eng-
land a little west of the Isle of Wight. How came the place to
have that name? The word minster has the same origin as the
word monastery, and means a church, a place of worship, and
hence Axminster means the church on the river Axe. More
than a thousand years ago King Aethelstan of England defeated
the heathen Danes, who had invaded his realm, in a great battle
on the banks of the river Axe ; and in his gratitude he erected a
church on the field of his victory and called it Axminster.
Gradually a village grew up around the church, and the name
Axminster was then used to designate the town as well as the
sacred edifice. Some persons who were carpet-weavers by
trade settled there and made the place famous by the excellency


and peculiar style of their handiwork; and although this par-
ticular form of industry long ago lost its characteristic import-
ance at that village, yet the word Axminster as designating a
certain make of carpet is still used everywhere in the commer-
cial world.

Richard Lundy the First.

Richard Lundy I., the only known child of Sylvester,
was the Founder of the Lundy Family in America. Richard
left his native land for the New World during Sixth month,
1676, a date easily remembered, being exactly one hundred
years before the Declaration of Independence. Sixth month
was August, for in those times March was counted the first
month of the year. He sailed from Bristol, an important sea
port on the western coast of England, and landed at Boston in
the province of Massachusetts. He remained in New England
among the Puritans nearly six years ; but not a single item of
information concerning his place of residence or his experience
during that interval has come down to us. From history, we
know that it was an uneventful period for the people of New
England, a period of rest after their terrific conflict against the
confederated Indians under King Philip. Richard's sojourn
among the Puritans ended in 1682; on the 19th of 3rd month
(May) in that year, he embarked and sailed for the Delaware
river. What motives he had for leaving New England, we do
not know ; but we do know that Pennsylvania was just at that
time being energetically boomed as an ideal home for settlers.

William Penn, the grandest figure in American colonial his-
tory, was so good that we sometimes forget how wise and
shrewd he was. Penn got his charter from Charles II. in
March, 1781, and immediately published a circular describing
his new country in glowing terms ; he then began to issue a
series of public letters, which kept his colony before the eyes of
the world ; and finally the great Proprietor himself set sail and
reached Pennsylvania during the last week in October, 1682,
and founded the city of Philadelphia. The total population of
Pennsylvania at that time was estimated at six thousand; and
immigrants continued to arrive at the rate of one thousand a

Richard Lundy came to Pennsylvania in 1682 ; two years
later he secured some real estate and took to himself a wife.

In the Minutes of the Board of Property of the Province of



Pennsylvania, under date of 15 of 12 month, 1702, the following
entry is found : "The Prop'ry, by a Patent, dated 6, 5 month,
1684, Granted to Rich'd Lundy 200 Acres of Land Situate in
the County of Bucks at a penny pr. Acre, laid out 10, 6 month,
1682-3. R'd Lundy by Ind'r dated 8, 7 month, 1683, Granted
the Said Land to Jacob Telnor." See Pennsylvania Archives,
Second Series, vol. xix., page 359.

He came to the Delaware river in 1682; and, so far as the
records show, he seems to have made his first purchase of land
in 1684; hence it is surprising to find the name of Richard
Lundy on a map of that river dated 1681. It is suggested that
the map may have been at first an outline sketch, and that the
names of new-comers who took up land may have been inserted
afterward. Mr. W. J. Buck in his history of Bucks county
names Richard Lundy among the original owners of land in
Bristol township.

There was at that time living in Falls township a widow,
Rebecca Bennet,. with her four unmarried daughters, Elizabeth,
Rebecca, Sarah, and Ann. William Bennet, the father, then
recently deceased, had left by will to each of his girls £30 in
money and 200 acres of land. Richard Lundy L and Elizabeth
Bennet were married by Friends' ceremony on 20 of 8 month,
1684. On 22 of 2 month, 1685, Elizabeth attended the wedding |
of Joseph English and Joan Comly and signed their marriage
certificate as one of the witnesses.

Richard L owns a farm now and has a wife; of course, he
ought to keep a cow or two. And he did ; even that is a matter
of record, for he is described as an "owner of cattle." Very
little land was fenced in ; it all lay out to the common. The
early settlers allowed their live stock to roam at large through
the woods and browse on the natural grass. Sometimes the
cattle would stray far away and be gone a long time ; and in
some cases it would be difficult for the owner to recognize his
cattle and prove his right of property thereto to the satisfaction
of neighbors or strangers ; and therefore each settler, before he
turned his cows and calves loose for the summer, marked each
of them plainly. He cut their ears in a certain way, or else he
took a red-hot iron and blistered them on the shoulder leaving
a permanent scar in the shape of a letter, criss-cross or other
character. Marks thus made were easily seen and recognized,
and could .be described with accuracy. Only one thing was yet



necessary for the successful working of this system of identi-
fication ; and that was that no two owners should use the same
mark. To this end, a registrar was appointed for the whole
county, whose duty it was to keep in a book a list of all cattle
owners with the marks used by each.. Indeed, the law of the
province expressly declared that all cattle whatsoever of a year
old and upwards should be accompted strayes which were not
marked on the ear or otherwise with a brand mark.

The book of registered cattle-marks for Bucks county was
kept by Phineas- Pemberton at Penn's Manor, and bears the
date 1684; this realistic relic of pioneer Hfe is still in existence,
and may be seen at the library of the Pennsylvania Historical
Society in Philadelphia. It is twelve inches long by four wide,
contains about forty pages and is margined with a thumb index.
The title on the outside of the parchment cover is "A Record of
the Earc and Brand Marks for Bucks in Pennsylvania." The
book contains one hundred five sets of ear-marks arranged six
on a page ; and among them is the cattle-mark of Richard the
First, which is here reproduced.

The outline sketch
or drawing represents
the forehead and ears
of a cow as she would
stand facing her
owner. The left ear
half way down on the
lower edge has a slit
cvit in ; the right ear
has a slit downward at
the point, and is also
cropped with a half-
penny undercut.
Neither ear-tip is
cropped. The original
drawings are not with-
out a touch of the picturesque ; all the natural outline is in
black, but all slits and the margins of all crops are penciled in
red as though fresh-cut.

A law requiring the enrollment of all emigrants was enacted
at New Castle, on the loth day of the 3rd month, 1684, by the
Governor and the Provincial Council and Assembly; and the



said law is herewith quoted in full as printed on page 170 in a
volume entitled "The Charter of William Penn and Laws of the
Province of Pennsylvania passed between the years 1682-

"Chap. CLXIII. That there be a Registry kept of all free-
man, as well as servants, that already are, or from time to time
shall come, into this Province and territories not already regis-
tered ; to which end all persons inhabiting therein are hereby
required at or before the first day of the fifth month next ensu-
ing, and afterwards all that shall henceforward come to inhabit
in any County within this Government within three months
after arrival to deliver in the names of his or her family, male
and female, old and young, unto the Register of the respective
Counties where bee, shee or they inhabit, To be by him regis-
tered in a book or bookes for that purpose with their ages as
neer as may be and where they wore born ; or from what part
of Europe or other parts they came ; From whom the said Reg-
ister respectively, shall have and demand no more than Three
pence a peece. And if any person refuse or neglect to bring in
the names of his or her or their families to be registered as
aforesaid, within the time aforelimited, he shall for the said
offence forfeit five shillings a head."

Let us now turn to the register-book that was opened and
kept in Bucks county as directed by the foregoing law. Four
of the entries found in it have a bearing on the history of the
Lundy family and are given herewith.

"James Harrison of Bolton in the County of Lancaster, aged
about 57 years. Shoemaker, and Ann his wife, aged about 61
years, Sailed from Liverpool, for this province in the ship the
"Submission" of Liverpool, the M'r., James Settle, the 5th of
the 7th Mo., 1682, and arrived at Choptank in Maryland the
2 1 St 9th Mo. following, being brought thither through the dis-
honesty of the master, and arrived at Apoquinemene in this
province the 15th of the nth Mo. following"; and then the
record enumerates five persons who accompanied James and
Ann Harrison, namely: Agnes Harrison, aged 81 years,
mother of James ; Phebe. daughter of James Harrison and wife
of Phineas Pemberton ; Robert Bond, Alice Dickerson, and
Jane Lyon. James Harrison was a minister in the Religious
Society of Friends ; he was the Stewart of William Penn and
had charge of Penn's mansion and manor in Bucks county.


"William Bennet of Hammondsworth [Harmonds worth, near
Longford] in the County of Middlesex, yeoman, and Rebecca
his wife, arrived in this river 9th Mo., 1683, in the ship the
"Jefifrey" of London. The Mr. Thomas Arnold."

"Richard Lundy, of Axminster in the County of Devon, son
of Sylvester Lundy of the said town in old England, came in
a Catch from Bristol (the Mr. William Browne) for Boston in
New Englanil, in the 6th Mo., 1676, and from thence came for
this river [Delaware] the 19th of the 3d Mo., 1682."

"Elizabeth Bennet, daughter of William Bennet late of the
County of Bucks, and now wife to the aforesaid Richard Lundy,
came from Longford in the County of Middlesex, in the ship
the "Concord" of London. The Mr. William Jeffrey, Arrived
in this river the 8th Mo., 1683."

And then a few lines further down in the original record, a
private memorandum by the Register of Bucks county is found,
which reads: "I have given C. Taylor an acct. thus far, ist
3d Mo., 1686." Hence we conclude that the original entries just
quoted concerning Richard Lundy and Elizabeth Bennet his
wife, must have been made subsequently to the date of their
marriage, 20 of 8 month, 1684, and prior to i of 3 month, 1686,
the day on which the Register of Bucks county certified that he
had furnished an official transcript to Christopher Taylor, the
Register-General of the Province. Whether or not the original
register-book for Bucks county is yet in existence, is not known ;
but the Historical Society of Pennsylvania has in its possession
a certified copy of the original. In 1885, the whole record was
published in the Pennsylvania Magaainc of History and Biog-
raphy, under the heading "A Partial List of the Families who
Resided in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Prior to 1687, with
the Date of their Arrival"; see Vol. IX., pp. 223-234.

If there be no confusion concerning the names of ships and
masters, William Bennet and his daughter Elizabeth came from
England about the same time Imt in different vessels ; but it is
possible that the names of ship and master were incorrectly
reported from memory. The ship "Submission" had been two
months and sixteen days in crossing the ocean; two months'
time was in those days deemed a prosperous voyage ; and the
two weeks extra in this case were caused by unfavorable
weather, which was the captain's excuse for landing his pas-
sengers in Maryland. It may be remarked that the age of


Richard Lundy is unfortunately omitted from the Register-
book, and that Richard had not enrolled himself within the time-
limit set by the statute, and hence had rendered himself techni-
cally liable to the forfeiture of five shillings for neglect.

Elizabeth (Bennet) Lundy, wife of Richard Lundy L, was
buried on 14 of 6 month, 1687, less than three years after her
marriage. A record of births and deaths among Friends was
kept from 1682 to 171 1; only one Lundy burial is entered
therein, that of Elizabeth herself; and no Lundy birth is
recorded prior to 1692. The absence of a record of the birth of
any Lundy child would seem to indicate that Elizabeth left no
issue ; but, on the other hand, John Lundy of Bucks county,
concerning whom we will speak fully a few pages further on,
may have been her son.

In 1688, William Penn confirmed to Richard Lundy a tract
of land containing one thousand acres situate in Buckingham
township, Bucks county. Pa. It was a fine piece of property
fronting a mile on the old York Road, well-watered, embracing
primeval forest and a lovely valley of unsurpassed fertility.
An early survey of certain portions of Buckingham township
is still extant and 'bears date 1703; a map of it, published by
Gen. W. H. H. Davis in his History of Bucks County, shows a
rectangular block of land inscribed as follows :
"Rich'd Lundy 1025 A

Laid out for 1000 A"

Adjoining tracts were owned by Edmund Kinsey and Thomas
Bye on the east, by Jno. Reynolds on the south, and by John
Smith on the west. The middle point of a straight north-and-
south line joining Easton and Philadelphia marks approxi-
mately the position of the Lundy plantation in Bucks county.
The village of Buckingham is seven miles from the Delaware
river, and is about twenty-five miles south of Easton and the
same distance north of Philadelphia.

When and how was this tract disposed of? Only a partial
answer can be given.

Thomas Canby is said to have bought a part of a Lundy tract
near Centreville in 1693 ; and James Lenox is said to have pur-
chased, some years after this, 400 acres of land from Richard
Lundy. The Lundy tract was near the recently-established
post-ofifice named Holicong, and is now owned by the Paxsons,
Elys and others. Richard Lundy owned land in Bristol-bor-


oiigh, Bucks county, in 1706; and Watson's map showing
owners of land in 1726 places the name of Richard Lundy on a
tract along the Delaware river near the Penn Manor.

In the fourth year after the death of his first wife, Richard
Lundy I. married again. His second wife was Jane Lyon, the
Quaker maiden previously mentioned as having come to
America with the family of James Harrison. They were mar-
ried at the Falls Monthly Meeting in Bucks county, Pa., on
24 of 4 mo. (June), 1691 ; and to them there was born in Bucks
county on 20th day of 3rd month, 1692, a son Richard, desig-
nated in this genealogy as Richard Lundy H., who married
Elizabeth Large, settled finally in Warren county, N. J., and
there died on 28th of 2nd month, 1772. We now quote from
the minutes of the Buckingham Monthly Meeting two sen-
tences relating to the marriage of Richard Lundy L and Jane
Lyon. The minutes of a Meeting held in Falls township on the
1st day of the 2nd month, 1691, state that "Richard Lundy and
Jane Lyon proposed their intentions of taking each other in
marriage ; it being the first time, the meeting appoints John
Cook and Joseph Kirkbride to inquire concerning his clearness
and give an account to the next meeting" ; and the minutes of
a meeting held at the house of Henry Baker on the 6th day of
3rd month, 1691, state that "Joseph Kirkbride relates that he
hath made inquiry concerning Richard Lundy and finds nothing
but that he may proceed with Jane Lyon ; Richard Lundy and
Jane Lyon proposed their intentions of taking each other in
marriage ; it being the second time and nothing appearing but
that both parties are clear, the meeting leaves them to their
liberty to accomplish the same."

We insert here a literal copy of the marriage certificate of
Richard Lundy I. and Jane Lyon :

Richard Lundy of ye County of Bucks & province of Penn-
silvania, husbandman, and Jane Lyon of ye Aforesaid County &
province, spinster, having intentions of taking each other in
mariage, did publish their said intentions according to law as
also did declare them before severall publique meetings of ye
people of god called Quakers whose proceedings therein, after
deliberat consideration and consent of pairf:ys concerned, were
Aproved by ye meetings ; Therefore these may certifie all whom
it may concerne that on ye 24th day of ye fifourth mo., 1691,
they ye said Richard Lundy and Jane Lyon Apeared in a pub-


lique & sollem assembly of ye said people mett together for ye
end and purpose at ye publique meeting-house of ye aforesaid
people, near the ffals of Dellaware in ye county aforesaid,
according to ye example of ye holly men of god recorded in ye
Scriptures of truth.

He ye said Rich : Lundy, taking ye said Jane Lyon by ye hand,
did openly declare as followeth, — ffriends, in ye presence of ye
Lord & before you his people, I take this my ffriend Jane Lyon
to be my wife, promising to be to her a faithful and loveing
husband till death seperat us.

And then and there in ye said assembly, she ye said Jane
Lyon did in like manner declare as followeth, — ffriends, in ye
fear of ye Lord & Before you his people, I take this my ffriend
Rich : Lundy to be my husband, promising to be to him, through
ye assistance of ye Lord, a faitlifull & loveing wife till it shall
please god by death to seperat us.

And ye said Rich : Lundy and Jane his now wife, as a further
confinnation thereof, did then & there to these presents sett
their hand

Richard Lundy
Jane Lundy
And we whose names are here unto subscribed were wit-
nesses to the said solemnization and subscription.

Thomas Janney Rebecca Williams

William Biles Ann Bennet

William Baker Sarah Bennet

James Dilworth Jane Biles

John Martin Ann Dilworth

John Philley Margery Hough

Richard Hough Phebe Pemberton

John Rowland Alice Dickerson

Edward Mayes Priscila Rowland

Phineas Pemberton Phebe Kirkbrid

James Burges Sarah Cowgill

Joseph Kirkbrid Mary Beckett

Joseph Steward
James Haworth
Henry Sidall
James Moone
James Burges
Joseph Burges


The certificate .q'iven al)ove was transcribed l)y me from an
old book now in the possession of the Middletown (Hicksite)
Society of Friends, entitled "The Qnarterly Meeting Record
for MarriajG^e Certificates in lUicks County, Beginning in the
yeare 1683." In looking over tlie list of witnesses present at
the wedding, it may be noted that not one among them, so far
as is known, was of kin by blood to either the bride or the
groom. Reliecca Williams, formerly Mrs. William Bennet, was
the mother, and Ann and Sarah Bennet were the sisters, of
Richard's first wife.

Jane Lyon was born in England in April. 1666; she was
sixteen years old when she came to America, and twenty-five
years old when she married Richard. The ship "Submission"
which she came in set sail on 5 of 7 month. 1682, and arrived
in Chespeake bay, Maryland, on 21 of 9 month, 1682.

A comparison of dates shows that the ship "Welcome" bear-
ing William Penn on his first visit to America, was crossing the
Atlantic ocean during this very time. Some of the passengers
on disembarking from the "Submission" remained in the Chop-
tank. Maryland ; but others, including those with whom Jane
had come, soon removed to Bucks county. Pa.

So it appears that Richard and Jane, not knowing of each
other's existence, reached the land of William Penn within a
year of each other, he by way of Delaware bay from New Eng-
land, and she by way of Chespeake bay from Old England.

Online LibraryWilliam Clinton ArmstrongThe Lundy family and their descendants of whatsoever surname → online text (page 1 of 41)