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Initials and pseudonyms: a dictionary of literary disguises online

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man, poet, and historian.

Agassiz, Jean Louis Kodolphe, 1807-
73. L. A. A Swiss-American natural-
ist ; b. at Motier ; educ. at home and at
Lausanne ; studied medicine at Zurich ;
came to this country in 1846 ; professor
in the Scientific School at Cambridge,
1847-73; director of the Museum of
Comparative Zoology, 1862-73; died in

Agg, John, -1813. Peter Pindar, jun. ;
Humplireij Hedgehog.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 328.

Agrell, Mrs. Alfhild. Thyra. A Swed-
ish novelist and miscellaneous writer.

Aikin, Dr. John. J. A.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 328.

Ailvin, Lucy. L. A.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 328.

Ailcman, William Robertson. A

Soldier of the Cross. An English relig-
ious writer of the day.

Ainslie, Whitelaw, M.D. A North

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 328.

AinsAvorth, Rev. Thomas. A Pres-
byter of the Church of England. An Eng-
lish clergyman in the first part of the
eighteenth century ; minister of West- «*

Aitken, Andrew. A Cultivator of the
Ground. A Scottish writer.

Aitken, Mrs. Jane (Carlyle). J. G.
A. A Scottish lady; daughter of Thomas

Alton, Rev. Thomas. T.A. A Scot-
tish clergyman ; early in the eighteenth
century; minister at Alyth.

Akenside, Mark, M.D., 1721-70. The
Bard of the Imaqinution.

See '" I. and P.," First Series, p. 328.

Akerman, John Yonge. J. Y. A.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 328.

Alden, William Livingston, 1837-.
" Funny Man of the Times " ; Jimmy
Broicn. An American humorist; b. at
Williamstown, Mass. ; educ. at Lafay-
ette and Jefferson Colls., 1858 ; and stud-
ied law ; in 1885 was appointed United
States consul-general at Rome.

Aldwinkle, . Al-w-le. The

name of a rectory in Northamptonshire.

Alexander, Mrs. Cecil Frances
(Humphreys). C. F. H.; C. F. A.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 329.

Alexander, James Waddel, D.D.,
1804-59. Charles Quill.

See "L and P.," First Series, p. 329.

Alexander, John, D.D. An Observer.
A Scottish clergyman ; incumbent of St.
Columba's Episcopal Chapel ; afterwards
minister of St. Paul's Church, Edinburgh.

Alexander, Mrs. Susan M. S. M. A.
An American religious writer of the

Alexander, William. Ajic.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 329.

Alfeston, Stephen. A.; A . A

French poet; French teacher at Fal-
mouth and at the Belle Vue Acad., Pen-
rhyn ; d. at Falmouth.

Alger, IMiss Abbie Langdon, 1850-.
Out and About. An American writer;
b. at Roxbury ; daughter of the Rev.
William Rounseville Alger; has con-
tributed to the "Hearth and Home," the
Boston " Transcript," etc.

Alger, Francis, A.M., 1807-63. A.
An American n)ineralogist; b. at Easton,
Mass.; Hon. A.M. at Harv. Univ., 1849;
in 1856 succeeded his father in the man-




ageuient of the South Boston Iron Com-
pany ; d. in Washington, D.C.

Alger, William Rounseville, 1823-.
A. ; IF. R. A. An American clergyman ;
b. at Freetown, Mass. ; Cambridge
Theol. School, 1847; Hon. A.M. at
Harv. Univ., 1852 ; pastor in Boston,
1855-74; in New York City, 1875-78;
resided at the West, 1878-81; in 1881
returned to Boston.

Alison, Sir Archibald, 1792-1867.
A Member of the Facult i of Advocates.
An eminent British historian ; b. at
Kenley, Shropshire ; educ. at the Univ.
of Edinburgh; called to the bar in 1814;
contributed extensively to " Blackwood's
Magazine," besides writing his history
(which had a wonderful sale) and other
works ; d. at Glasgow.

Allen, Eev. Benjamin, 1789-1829.
.Tuba ; Osander.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 330.

Allen, Charles Grant Blairfindie,
1848-. Cecil Power; J. Arbuthnot Wil-
son. An English naturalist ; b. in Can-
ada ; educ. at Oxford ; professor in
. Queen's Coll., Jamaica, 1873, and its
principal, 1874-77 ; since 1877 has re-
sided in England, engaged in literary

Allen, Rev. George. A Massachu-
setts Freeman ; Vindex.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 330.

Allen, John, M.D., 1770-1843. A
Retired Practitioner ; A Phijsician.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 330.

Allen, Rev. John. Sidneij. An
American clergyman; professor in the
Univ. of Maryland.

See " I. and P.," First Scries, p. 330.

Allen, Rev. Joseph Henry, 1820-.
J. II. A. An American clergyman and
author ; b. in Northborough, Mass. ;
educ. at Ilarv. Univ. ; has for many
years resided at Cambridge, Mass., witli-
out pastoral charge, but employed
chiefly in literary work ; in 1887 editor
of the " Unitarian Review."

Allen, Ralph, 1G94-17G4. Mr. AU-
worthi/ ; S'r/nire Allu'orthij. An English
gentleman ; b. at St. Blazey, Corn-
wall ; d. at Bath; was called "The
Man of Bath," and a caricature por-
trait of him was entitled, " The one-
headed corporation." Pope wrote of
him : —

"Let humble Allen, witli an awkward sbanie,
Do good by Mtealtli, and bhrnb lo lind it fame."

Allen, Samuel Aclams(0, ]805-(i5.
»S''/c. An American writer; b. in I'itts-
fiel.l; William.s Coll., 1825; became a
clergyman, but, his voice failing, he

only preached occasionally, residing in
his native town, where he died.

Allen, William Francis. Marcel,
An American educator; brother of Rev.
Joseph Henry Allen ; born in North-
borough, Mass. ; educ. at Harv. Univ. ;
professor in the Univ. of Wisconsin since

Allibone, Samuel Austin. The Re-

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 330.

AUingham, William. Pollex and

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 330.

Allyn, Robert, D.D., LL.D., 1817.
Richard Rinejwood ; Roi/al L. Brent. An
eminent American clergyman ; b. at
Ledyard,New London Co., Conn.; Wes-
leyan Univ., 1841 ; resident at Carbon-
dale, Jackson Co., Illinois, in 1881.

Almkvist, Prof. H. —/.■—. A Swed-
ish author and translator.

Almon, John. The Author of the Re-
view of Mr. Pitfs Administration.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 330.

Almond, Hely Hutchinson. A Lai;
Head-Master. An English educator;
head-master of the Loretto Scliool.

Almquist, Carl Jonas Ludvig, 1793-
1866. C. J. L. A. A Swedisli dramatist,
novelist, clergyman, and journalist ; d.
at Bremen.

Alsop, Anthony, -1726. Tomj Alsop,
a late Editor of the " ^Esopean Fables."
An English poet and miscellaneous writer;
educ. at Westminster School, and at
Christ Church, Oxford ; Rector of Bright-
well, Berks., wliere he died.

Alsop, Richard, 1761-1815. The
" Hartford Wits."

See'" I. and P.," First Series, p. 331.

Alvensleben, Karl Lu(l\vig Fried-
rich Wilhelm Gustav von, 1800-68.
C/odwi</ ; (liistar Scllcn. A (Jerman novel-
ist ; b. at BerUn ; was for some years an
officer in tlie Hanover and tlie Prussian
service ; but from 1828 devoted liimself at
Vienna to literary labor, and d. there.

Ames, Fisher. Un Americain, ancien
Membrs dn C'onr/res ; Hercides.

wSee " I. and P.," First Series, p. 331.

Anihurst, Nicholas, 1706-42. A
Member <f the Constitution Club ; Collet/
Cibber ; Hiimphrei/ Oldcustle, Esq.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 331.

Aniory, Thomas, 1691-1789. English

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 331.

Amsinck, G. Inquisitor. An Eng-
lisli brewor(?).

Anderson, Alfred. — Lfr — . A Swed-
ish writer.




Anderson, I. H. Willis Loveyouth.
An American writer for the young.

Anderson, James. Agricola.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 332.

Anderson, William. The Lamb-
Leader. A Scottish poet ; schoolmaster
at Kirriemuir.

Andrew, Nicholas Jeffery, 1798-
1873. Aquarist. An English amateur
mathematician ; b. at Mazarion ; white-
smith at St. Clare Street, Penzance,
where he died.

Andre'ws, Mrs. . Mrs. Swerdna.

Andrews, A. O. An Honorary Member
of the Washington Light Infantry ; A. O.A.
An American writer of Charleston, S.C.

Andrews, Charles. A Prisoner in
England. An American soldier ; im-
prisoned at Dartmoor.

Andrews, J. P. Persius. An Ameri-
can writer of Washington, D.C.

Angell, Joseph Kinnicut, 1794-
1857. J. K. A. An American lawyer
and legal writer; b. in Providence, R.I. ;
educ. at Brown Univ. ; and admitted to
the bar in 1816; was editor of the "Law
Intelligencer and Review," 1829-31 ; d.
in Boston, Mass.

Anne, Queen of England, 1665-1714.
Fontanelle ; Mrs. Morley. An English
sovereign; b. at Twickenham ; succeeded
William III. in 1702; was the last sover-
eign of the house of Stuart.

Anne-son, James. — See " Maxwell,

Annet, Peter. Tlie Considerer ; A
Moral Philosopher.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 332.

Anspach, Elizabeth, Margravine of,
1750-1828. H. S. S., the M. of A. An
English dramatist ; the youngest daugh-
ter of Augustus, 4th Earl of Berkeley;
in 1767 slie married Mr. William Craven,
afterwards the 6tli Earl of Craven ; in
1780 the}^ separated, and Lady Craven
travelled in Europe; she visited Ans-
pach, and took up her abode with the
margrave ; wrote to her husband that
she was to be treated as his sister; Lord
Craven dying in 1791, she married the
margrave ; d. at Naples.

Ansted, David Thomas, 1812-80.
H. W. An Englisli geologist ; b. in
London ; educ. at Cambridge ; professor
of geology at King's Coll., London ; d. at
his residence, near Woodbridge, Suffolk.

Anstey, Christopher. C. A., Esq.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 332.

Anstis, John, 1669-1745. iV. ^S". ;
The Editor. An English heraldic writer;
b. at St. Neots, Cornwall ; educ. at Exe-
ter Coll., Oxford, and at the Inner Tem-

ple, London ; M.P., 1702 ; Garter King at
Arms, 1718-45; d, at Mortlake.

Anstis, Rev. Matthew, 1740-1823.
P. K. An English Baptist clergyman ;
b. at St. Germains ; minister at Bridport,
1767-1823, where he died.

Anthony, Matilda. Matilda. An
American poet of Richmond, Va.

Anthony, W. B. W. B. A. An Eng-
lish educational writer of the day.

Anzengruber, Ludwig. 183P-. Lud-
wig G'rilber. A German novelist of the
day ; b. at Vienna ; was an actor 1860-
67; since 1871 has devoted himself to
literary pursuits in his native city.

Appleton, Jesse, D.D., 1772-1819. J.

See "I. and P.," First Series, p. 333.

Appleton, Thomas Gold, 1812-84.
T. G. A. An American author; b. in
Boston, Mass. ; educ. at the Boston
Latin School and Harv. Univ. ; after-
wards spent much of his life abroad;
was a liberal patron of the fine arts, and
gave efficient aid to the various institu-
tions at Boston and Cambridge; d. in
New York City.

Appleyard, Rev. Ernest Silvanus.
E. S. A.

See "I. and P.," First Series, p. 333.

Arbuckle, James. A Student in the
Unirersiti/ of Glasqow.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 333.

Arbuthnot, John, 1667-1735. A
Gentleman in the Citi/ ; Jonathan Swift.

See "I. and P.," First Series, p. 333.

Archbold, Richard, Esq. Squire
Dick. An Irish poet of the earlier part
of the eighteenth century.

Argles, Mrs. Margaret. — See " Hun-
gerford, Mrs. M. (A)."

Aristarchi BEY, Demetrius. Chart-
cles. A Turkish writer of the dny.

Armour, James. A True Lover of his
Countri/. A Scottish political economist
of tlie first part of the eighteenth century.

Armstrong, Miss Frances Char-
lotte. F. C. A.

See "I. and P.," First Series, p. 333.

Armstrong, Rev. Geoi-ge. A Lately
Beneficed Cltrgyman. An English minis-
ter [Unitarian minister of BristolC?)].

Armstrong, John, 1758-1848. A
Practical Farmer ; ]\Jons. Tombo.

See "I. and P.," First Series, p. 333.

Armstrong, Rev. John, 1771-97. Al-

See "I. and P.," First Series, p. 333.

Armstrong, Samuel Turell, 1784-
1850. 6'. T. A. An American pub-
lisher and bookseller; was mayor of
Boston and lieutenant-governor of Mas-




sachusetts; and when, in 1836, Governor
Davis was elected senator, Mr. Arm-
strong became acting governor.

Arinstroug, William. An Old Besi-
dent ; Kinmont Willie.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 334.

Arnett, Richard. Jack Catch. An
English political writer of the first part
of the eighteenth century.

Arnold, Thomas F. Kajetan. Franz
Joseph Gall.

Arnold, Thomas James, 1804(?)-77.
T.J. A. An English barrister; son of
Stephen James Arnold ; called to the bar
in 1829 ; appointed magistrate at the Wor-
ship Street Police Court in 1847, and trans-
ferred to the Westminster Court in 1851 ;
and held the latter appointment till his

Arnold, Thomas Kerchever. T.
K. A.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 334.

Arthur, Grace. A Lady. An Eng-
lish poet of one hundred years ago.

Arthur, Timothy Shay. Uncle Her-

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 335.

Arwidsson, Adolf Iwar, 1791-1858.
Sonen i Ornskog. A Swedish poet and

Ashdowne, Rev. William, 1723-1810.
An Impartial Hand. An English Unita-
rian ; b. at Tunbridge Wells ; removed to
Dover in 1757, and was pastor there of
the General Baptist Church, without pay,
for twenty-two years (1759-81); and filled
the same position till his death in 1810.

Ashley, Rev. Ed\vard. The Chaplain
of the Rer/iment. An American clergyman ;
chaplain of the 1st Regiment, Connecticut
Volunteers, Heavy Artillery, in the late
civil war.

Ashton, Charles, 1665-1752. B. W.
[R. Warren]. An English scholar and
divine ; b. at Bradway, in the parish of
Norton, Derbyshire; Queen's Coll., Cam-
bridge, 1682 ; master of Jesus Coll., Cam-
bridge, 1701, and vice-chancellor of the
Univ., 1702-52; d. at Cambridge.

Ashtoii, Thomas. Seborr.ns Basilicus.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 335.

Ashvvorth, John Hervey, M.A. An
Enf/lishmdn. An English writer; B.A.,
Oxford, 1819 ; M.A., 1825.

Askew, Miss . A Ladi/. An

English writer of one hundred years

Aslund, Daniel. Gdk G'okson Gok.
A Swedish autlior.

Aspland, Rev. Robert. Tlte Editor
of the Christian Refornwr, etc.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 336.

Aspland, Robert Brook. The Editor
of the Christian Reformer, etc.. New Series.
An English clergyman ; son of tiie pre-
ceding; pastor at Dukinfield.

Assheton, William, D.D., 1641-1711.
A Divine of the Church of England. An
English clergyman ; son of the rector of
Middleton, in Lancashire ; educ. at Ox-
ford ; rector of Beckenham, in Kent,
1670, where he died.

Astell, Mrs. Mary. Madonellu ; Pla-
toune : A Lady ; A Very Moderate Person,

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 336.

Atkins, Mrs. Anna. A. A.

Si'e " I. and P.," First Series, p. 336.

Atkins, Sergeant . An Officer of

the United States Armi/.

Atkinson, Rev. Henry, 1802-63. 0.
An Englisli clergj-man ; educ. at Magda-
len Coll., Cambridge; B.A., 1828; mas-
ter of Falmouth Grammar School, 1829-
42; head-masterof Drax Grammar School,
Yorkshire, 1842-45; incumbent of Barm-
by-on-the-Marsh, Yorksliire, 1845-63.

Atkinson, Sir Jasper

See "''l. and P.," First Series, p. 336.

Atkinson, Mary Ellen. T. W. 0.
An American poet of BostonC?).

Atkinson, Thomas, Jr., about 1800-
33. Percy Yorke, Jr. A Scottish writer ;
lived in Glasgow.

Atkinson, William Parsons, A.M.
IF. P. A. ; An Older One ivho has been
through(^). An American scholar ; Harv.
Univ., 1838; in 1887, professor of Eng-
lish and history at the Massachusetts In-
stitute of Teclinology.

Atterbury, Francis, 1662-1732. Frank
Scam mom/.

See " 1. and P.," First Series, p. 336.

Atwater, Caleb, 1778-1867. A Citi-
zen of Ohio. An American lawyer; b. in
North Adams, Mass. ; educ. at Williams
Coll., and studied law; in 1811 lie re-
moved to Ohio, where lie held important
public oflSces ; d. at Circleville, 0.

Aubert, Mrs. Elise. E — e. A Nor-
wegian novelist.

Aubin, Charles. Steeple Jack. An
American meclianic, of Boston, Mass. ;
repairs, paints, gilds, slates, removes the
highest churcii spires, without erecting a

Audubon, Mrs. Lucy (Bakewell),
-1874. His Widow. An American lady ;
wife of Jolin James Audubon ; d. at Sliel-
byville, Ivy.

Aufrere, Anthony, 1756-1833. A.
Viator. An English antiquary of Old
Foulsham Hall, Norfolk ; b. at Hoveton
Hall, Norfolk; d. at Pisa.




Auren, J. A. J. A. A, A Swedish

Aust, Mrs. Sarah, 1744-1811. The

Hon. Mrs. Murray of Kensington. An
English writer, whose- first husband was
the Hon. William Murray ; and after
his death, in 1786, she married Mr.
George Aust; d. at Noel House, Ken-

Austin, Alfred, 1835-. A. A. An
English poet, critic, and journalist ; b. at
Headingley, near Leeds; educ. at Stoney-
hurst" Coll. and St. Mary's Coll., Oscott ;
B.A. at the Univ. of London in 1853; and
in 1857 was called to the bar at Inner
Temple ; has devoted himself to liter-
ary pursuits ; has written for the " Stan-
dard " newspaper and the " Quarterly
Review"; in 1887 editor of the "Na-
tional Review."

Austin, William, 1778-1841. Decius.
An American lawyer of Charlestown,
Mass.; Harv. Coll., 1798; b. and d. in

Austin, Rev. Wiltshire Stanton, Jr.

W. S. A.

See " L and P.," First Series, p. 337.

Avery, Samuel P. Mrs. Partington^

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 337.

Awdry, Miss Frances, and others.
Niiie Authors. An English author of the

Axelson, Arvid. Cabriolo. A Swed-
ish writer.

Ayres, James. A Gentleman late of
Trinitji College. An English dramatist of
the eighteenth century.

Ayrton, William, Esq., 1777-1858.
Edward Fitzqihbon. .

See "I. and P.," First Series, p. 337.

Ayscough, Francis, D.D., 1700-66. A
Member of the Uiiiivrsiti/. An English di-
vine ; b. at St. Olave's, Southwark ; educ.
at Oxford ; rector of North Church, Berk-
hanistead, 1740; afterwards dean of Bristol.

Aytoun, Roger. A Trustee of the
Fife and Mid-Lothian Ferries. A Scot-
tish gentleman of Inchdairnie.

Babad, P. A Professor of the Spanish
and Portuguese languages, in St. Mary's
College. A Portuguese(?) teacher of
modern languages in London, sixty years

Babcock, James Staunton, -1847.
Philulethes. An American poet ; Yale
Coll., 1840; d. at his home, Coventry,

Babson, Mrs. E. M. Esther Sarah

Bache, Alexander Dallas, 1806-67.
The Superintendent of the Coast Survey.
An eminent American scientist; b. in
Philadelphia ; educ. at the United States
Military Acad, at West Point; professor
in the Univ. of Pennsylvania, 1828-41 ;
superintendent of the Coast Survey,
1843-67 ; d. at Newport, R.I.

Bache, Benjamin Franklin. Oliver
Fair play.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. .338.

Backlund, Joseph. Phitaletes.

Bacon, Anthony, about 1558-. A
Member of Parliament. An English politi-
cal writer ; half-brother of Francis Bacon.

Bacon, Lady Charlotte Mary, 1801-
80. lanthe. An English lady, 2d daughter
of the 5th Earl of Oxford, and widow of
General Anthony Bacon ; b. and d. in

Bacon, Mrs. Eliza Ann (Munroe).

A Lady. An American religious writer ;
wife of Rev. Henry Bacon.

Bacon, Francis, A.M. R. M. T. H.
An American journalist; brother of Rev.
Dr. Leonard Bacon, of New Haven,.
Conn. ; graduate at Yale Coll. in 1838,
and d. in 1849.

Bacon, George Blagden. John
Tripod. An American writer of the

Bacon, Rufus Henrj^ 1820-59.
Li. LL. B. An American clergyman ;
Hamilton Coll., Clinton, N.Y., 1842;
Cambridge Divinity School, 1847.

Bacon, William Johnson, LL.D.,
1803-. His Father. An American jurist;
b. at Williamstown, Mass. ; removed to
Utica, N.Y., in 1814; Hamilton Coll.,
1822; called to the bar, 1824; justice of
the New York supreme court, 1853-70;.
M.C., 1877-79.

Badcock, John, -1830. John Hinds.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 339.

In " I. and P." " John Hinds " is J. Bell. Ste-
phen's "National Biography" makes it John

Badger, Rev. Henry Clay, 1833-.

A Delegate ; A Stalwart Republican. An
American clergyman ; b. at Mendon,
N.Y. ; Antioch Coll., 1857 ; in the minis-




try from his graduation ; in 1887 assis-
tant in Harv. Univ. Library.

Badger, Stephen, 1725-1803. A
Minister. An American minister; b. in
Charlestown, Mass. , Harv. Coll., 1747 ;
missionary over the Indians at Natick,
Mass., 1753-1803.

Badham, Charles David, M.D.,
1806-57. S'-arnbceus. An English natu-
ralist ; b. in London ; educ. at Eton and
Oxford ; afterwards resided a long time
on the continent, especially at Rome
and Paris ; still later he entered the
church, and held curacies in Norfolk
and Suffolk'.

Backstrom, Per Johan Edvard,
1841-86. Edvard. A Swedish journal-
ist, poet, and dramatist ; b. and d. at
Stockholm ; educ. at Upsala ; in 1877
became a journalist.

Baiierle, Adolph. Fels.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 346.

Bagger. Carl Christian, 1807-46.
Johan llarring. A Danish poet ; pub-
lished at Copenhagen in 1860-67.

Bags, John Dryden. P. Virr/iliiis

The uaiiae is probably assumed ; it is too much
like John Dryden (Bayes), who translated Virgil.

Bagshaw, William, 1628-1702.
Apostle of the Peak. An Englisli Non-
conforming divine ; b. at Litton, in the
parish of Tideswell ; educ. at Cambridge ;
received holy orders ; preached for some
time, when in 1662 he was one of the
two thousand ejected ; he was buried at

Bailey, Mr. . Edmund Alton. An

American writer of the day.

Bailey, George. Oliver Oldhoij.

Bailey, Picv. Henry. //. B.

Sec " I. and P.," First Series, p. 340.

Bailey, Philip James, 18 16-. The
Nottini/ham Poet. An English poet ; b.
at Nottingham ; educ. at the Univ. of
Glasgow ; called to the bar at Lincoln's
Inn, 1840; devoted himself chiefly to
literary pursuits.

Bailey, Urania L/ocke (Stoughton),
1820-82. Una Locke. An American
writer ; b. at Gill, Franklin Co., Mass. ;
and married Mr. B. D. Bailey of Provi-
dence, K.I.

Baillie, John. A Lover of Liherti/.
A Scottish advocate, of the first half of
the eighteenth century.

Bailly, Jean Sylvain, 1736-03. An
Eije-Witness ; Un Temoin ornlaire. An
eminent J'rench astronomer, phiiosopiier,
and eloquent writer; b. in Paris; first
presiflent of the States-General ; d. by tiic

Bain, Donald. One of themselves. A
Scottisli accountant in Edinburgh.

Baine, James, 1710-90. J. B. An
eminent Scottish minister; b. at bonhill,.
Dumbartonshire ;' educ. at the the Univ.
of Glasgow ; he was minister at Paisley
(having John Witherspoon as a col-
league), 1756-66; at Edinburgh from
1766, whereC^) he died.

Baird, Robert, D.D., 1798-1863.
Americanus; An American; P. B. An
eminent American theologian ; b. in
Fayette Co., Penn. ; studied theology at
Princeton, N.J. ; agent and secretary of
the American Foreign Christian Union,
1839-55; d. at Yonkers, N.Y.

Baker, Anselm, 1834-85. F. A.
[Frater Anselm]. An English artist;
learned drawing and painting at Hard-
man's studios, in Birmingham ; in 1857
became a Cistercian monk, at Mount
St. Bernard's Abbey, Leicestershire ; and
d. there.

Baker, Delphine Paris. Delphine.
An American writer of Chicago.

Baker, George, 1781-1851. Cr. B.
An English topographer; b. at North-
ampton; his first printed work was "A
Catalogue ^of books, etc. ; printed at . . .
Strawberry Hill ..." London, 1810; he
was a Unitarian, and a magistrate of the
borough of Northampton ; d. in that

JBaker, George Melville, 1832-. Uno.
An American author of amateur dramas;
b. in Maine; in 1887 publisher in Bos-
ton, Mass.

Baker, Mrs. Harriet Newell
(Woods). FT. N. W. B.; Aunt Ilattie.

See " I. and 1'.," First Series, p. 340.

Baker, Henry, F.R.S., 1698-1774.
Ilennj Stonerastle.

Sec -'I. and P.," First Scries, p. 340.

Baker, John Wynn, -1775. A
Friend to the Nation. An English econo-
mist; was from 1764 till his death offi-
cially connected with the Dublin Society,
under tlie patronage of whicli he estab-
lislied at Lauglilinstown, county of Kil-
dare, a factory for making all kinds of
imi)lemcnts of husbandry; d. at Wynn's
Field, county of Kildare.

Baker, Mrs. Sarah S. (Tuthill). Aunt
Frieiidli/. An English autiior of the day.

Baker, Thomas. Nick Doubt. An
Englisii dramatist ; is said to have been
tlie editor of the "Female Tattler," in

Baker, William, 1742-85. Alfred.
An English i)rinter; b. at Reading; he
was api)renticed to Mr. Ki])pax, a printer
of J.,()ndon ; on the death of whom he




succeeded to the business ; afterwards
removing to Ingram Court, where he was
in partnership with John William Gala-
tin; (1. in London.

BaldAvyn, Edward. Trim.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 341.

Balestier, Charles Woleott, 1861-.
Crepin. An American journalist of the
day ; b. in Rochester, N.Y. ; studied one
year at Cornell.

Ball, Edward. " Creation " Ball. An
English poet ; author of " Creation," a
now forgotten poem.

Ballantyne, James Robert, LL.D.,
-1864. J. B. B.

See " I. and P.," First Series, p. 341.

Ballard, J. A Protestant Churchman.
An English religious writer.

Ballou, llev. Adin. A Consistent

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