William Dansey.

Horae decanicae rurales. Being an attempt to illustrate, by a series of notes and extracts, the name and title, the origin, appointment, ant functions, personal and capitular, of rural deans (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryWilliam DanseyHorae decanicae rurales. Being an attempt to illustrate, by a series of notes and extracts, the name and title, the origin, appointment, ant functions, personal and capitular, of rural deans (Volume 1) → online text (page 27 of 38)
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to permit, on New-year's day, the " feftum ftultorum" the feaft of fools,
to be played, as it was a vain and filthy thing.

( 3 ) " Scotales " Johnfon fays thefe " feem to have been public com- EccLLaws^.u.
potations, at the charge of fome, for the benefit of others." Archbimop M ' JCXXXVI -
Edmund (A.D. MCCXXXVI.), in his conftitutions, forbids the clergy to
publiih fcotales. And, if any prieft or clerk were guilty of fuch publi- CC. M. B.et H.
cation (" bannum fcotallorum") or were prefent at fcotales, he was to ol - I -P- 636 -
be canonically punillied. Can. vi. Spelman glofles " Scotala, fcotalla, Gloff. Archaol.
fcotallum, fcotal, et fcotales Juxta quofdam eft compotatio emungendte p< QG ' tnvoce -
pecuniee gratid, vicinis advenifque a quolibet exhibita. Quaji dictum
a jJCOt, i. pecunia, et ale, i. cervijia : quod inverjb vocabulo alii an ale-
^ftot nuncupant." See Blount's Ancient Tenures by Beckwith, p. 509.
It is ever defirable to point out any evidences of connexion between the Beveregii Sy-
Anglican and Afiatic or elder Greek church: thefe very compotations
are forbidden in the fifty-fifth canon of the council of Laodicea on ov
? /epT/xov? ft xhrjpixovf ex <ri//u/8oX^? ffvfxrtoffia. emTehfiv, AA' ouSe \OU'KOV<;.
See Balfamon in loco.




to the king, as an infupportable grievance and impoli-
FVKge s Life of tion upon the liberty of finners ; and the king, by the
P. HH advice of his council, interpofed and flopped the inquifi-

torial proceedings.

But how much the religion and good difcipline of the
diocefe was aflerted by the vigilance and activity of this
exemplary bifhop, aided by his fpiritual deputies, the
archdeacons and toans of his extenfive jurifdiction,
appears from the declaration which he himfelf made
before the Pope and cardinals of Rome, on the occafion
of his anfwer to the appeal of the knights Templars. See
Wharton's Anglia Sacra, Tom. n. p. 347. and Kennett's
Parochial Antiquities, Vol. i. pp. 34344.
stat. synod. The council of Saint Omer (AD. MDLXXXIII. MDCXL.)

Diaec. Audomar. ^ ii 111

TIL xvn. c. xi. prohibits paftors and their titans to join clubs and con-
fraternities in banquetings fuch being interdicted to all
ecclefiaftics ; and that of Avranches forbids the clergy
generally the purfuit of Jield-fports, hunting, the ufe of
fire-arms and other qffenjive weapons, on pain of fufpen-
fion ipfo facto ; and commands the rural titans of the
diocefe to have a watchful eye to fuch offences and
offenders, and to inform the bifhop of them (can. vn.

SS. Rotomag.
Prov.P. II.
p. 345.

Synodi Abrin-

Not only were the fceans to fee that the clergy, en-
titled to the diflinction of crown and tonfure, canonically
obferved them ; not only to enforce them on the
refractory and difobedient with their own hands ; but,
in cafe of any members of the priefthood being, in any
flagrant inflances, guilty of behaviour profcribed by the

S. V. C. V.] Jbuperbteion of tfjc Ictga. Sifc anD Banner*. 275

church -juggling, ji age-play ing, buffoonery fuch as was
difgraceful to the facerdotal diftinction of crown and
tonfure the treans and higher officers were again and
again ordered to deprive them of it.

It had been early enacted, for inftance, that no " cle- Th
n'" mould be "joculatores,Goliardi,feu bufones," ..... coi/m!
" et Ji per annum illam artem diffdmatoriam exercuerint,
omni privilegio ecdejiajiico Jint nudati &c." Accordingly
the Conftitutions of the council of Sens (A.D- DCCCCXV.)
decree, "Quod clerici ribaldi" (Juglers, Spelman. gl. in t/.) ss.cc. Tom.

. \ i \ j' j r //( s^t T xi. col. 788.

maxime qui vulgo dicuntur aejamwa (jolice ..... per

tecanos (Kiristtanitatts tonderiprcecipiantur, vel etiam radi, ftmp - I -p- K
ita qudd eis non remaneat tonfura clericalis : ita tamen
quddjine periculo etfcandalo iftajiant" The fame canon ss.cc. Tom
is repeated, totidem verbis, in the council of Rouen (A.D. J^CJL ( "
MCCXXXI.) can. vm. ; of Chateau Gontier (A.D. MCCXXXI.) *SS.CC.TOW.

' * ' II. col. I0j<.

can. xxi. ; and again at Sens (A.D. MCCXXXIX.) See Spel-
man. Glqffl pp, 264. 487-88. and Ducang. Glo/f. Tom. in.
col. 502. Tom. vi. col. 794.

Mountebanks, it feems, were commonly employed at
the feftivities attendant on marriages, and fuch-like merry
meetings, in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries ;
and the clergy too often proftituted their facred pro-
feffion to a participation of fuch abfurd fooleries : con-
nected with which there is a curious canon in the
inftructions for regulating the tocanal office of the diocefe
of Liege (A.D. MCCLXXXVII.) not prohibitory of thefe
revelries altogether, but of the cuftom of fending the
jugglers to be paid for their exhibitions before the bean's
friends and relatives, out of the pockets of the inferior
clergy of the fceanms Can. xvm. "Decani pro nuptiis Tkrj. Amcdot.
confanguineorumfuorum non mittant presbyieris fuis fub- iv.eoi.858.'

T 2

276 #er*onal function*. [PART IV.

ditis joculatorcs remunerandos, nee presbyterifuis fubditis
vel fociis, nee clerici clericis, &c."

The council of Treves (A.D. MCCXXVIL), in a canon
y e t. script*, devoted to ftans rural, enjoins, " Qudd fcecani accufent
vel defer ant nobis vel qfficiali noftro omnes facer dotes vel

dericos lujores et tabernarios, fornicatores manifeftos, et
celebratores clandeflinorum matrimonirjrum, et ufurarios,
et negotiator es :" and orders the clergy to make the like
presentments of peccant fceans. Nearly the fame ge-
neral ordinance " to all and fingular arcfjpresbpters" was
impofed by the fy nodal ftatutes of the church of Autun,
for flrenuous and diligent execution, towards the clofe
of the fame century " Quod cum onmi folertid et curd
Thefaur. Anecd. adkibitd dili^enter inquirant, et fubtiliter inve/iigent ab

T. iv. col 478. * J .

ss. cc. T,,m. arcfjtpresbgterattbus/ww, Jijint ahqitt Jacer dotes aut clerici
Hi' n. lufores, tabernariiy negotiator es, fecum fajpectas mulieres
tenentes, et prcecipue incontinentis vihr. Quos autem tales
invenerint, eorum nomina nobis aut officiali nojlro, quhm
citius potuerinf, mittere nonpojlponant" See alfo a canon
of the fynod of Conftance (A.D. MCCCCLXXXI.), " Contra
presbyteros mercatores" in the latter part of the Rouen
Collection of Councils, p. 571.

The " Injunctiones ad !tcanos" of the winter fynod

cc.Rotomag. of Rouen (A.D. MDVi.) imprefs on thefe officers, " Ut

P . r io7 ' frequentius quam fieri poterit vifitent funs curatos ; et

quos invenerint maid viventes, informationes Juper hoc

faciant, et a/lignent eis diem coram qfficiali." Alfo, " Ne

frequentent tabernas,fed exemplum bene vivendi thm in

habitu, quam moribus et converfatione fuis fubditis often-

f/anl :" alfo, " Ne pecunias accipiant direct^ vel indirect^

S. V. C. V.] J&uperbteton of t|>* letgg. ILife anO Banner*. 277

a Juts curatis ; vel ab eis munera exigant ut eos Jinijire
vivere permittant"

Laflly, the fynod of Bois-le-duc (A.D. MDCXII.) charges
the teans of iw'stiamtp and others, " Ut public os concu- stat.s yn0 d.
binarioSy ufurarios,Jimoniacos, aliofque notorie criminofos 2jfn p.'s"'
presbyter os ab altar is minijierio arceant" upon pain of
grave punilhment.

But of all clerical tranfgrejfions, there was none to
which the watchfulnefs of rural titans was more fedu-
loufly directed than incontimncy ; none, againft which
the councils of the church iffued more frequent cen-
fures ; none, where negligence and connivance, on the
part of teans and archdeacons, were more feverely
reprobated and punimed. And, of courfe, in fpiritual
watchmen, expected and commanded to be keenly alive
to the carnal faults of the inferior clergy, perfonal chaftity
was effentially required.

Accordingly, as early as the year DLXVII, we find the Mcc.Tom.vi.
fecond council of Tours decreeing, in its nineteenth c<
canon, an effectual mode of enfuring the continence of
btcan arcfjprftsts, and of attesting the fame to the church :
" &rcf)tpresb|3tn{ bt'cam, et diaconi, et fubdiaconi, non qui-
dem omnes,fed plures in hdc fufpicione tenentur a populo,
quod cum conjugibus fuis maneant. Pro qua re hoc pla-
cuit obfervare, ut quotiejcunque arcf)tprei5bgtfr,y6w in vico
manferit,feu ad villamjuam ambulaverit, unus lector cano-
nicorumfuorum, aut certus aliquis de numero clericorum
cum illo ambulet, et in celld ubl illejacet, lectum habeat pro
tejiimonio. Septem autem inter fubdiaconos et lectores,
vel laicos habeat conceffbs, qui vicifslm feptimanas cum illo

278 personal ^function*. [PAHT IV.

facere omnino procurent : et qui dijiulerit,fuftigetur"-
If the arcftpmsts neglected the correction of the clergy
( tf junior es fttos ") in this crime of conjugal inter courfe l ,
continues the fame canon, " ab epifcopo fuo in civitate
retrudantur in cellam, ibique menfe integro pattern cum
aqud manducent, et pcenitentiam agant pro jibi credito
clero, quid, nulli clericorum,juxtafententiam canonum, cum
conjugefua manere permit titur"

Kj u jd , ,1.644. Again, the council of Auxerre (A.D. DLXXVIII.) enacts,
in its twentieth canon "Si presbyter (quod nefas eft
dicere) aut diaconus, aut fubdiaconus, pojl acceptam bene-
dictionem, infantes procreaverit y aut adulterium commiferit,
et arcfjiprtsbgtcr hoc epifcopo aut archidiacono non intima-
verit, integro anno non communicet ; illi verd, qui hoc
commiferint, deponantur."

A&CC.T.XH. Laftly, the council of Rouen (A.D. MLXXII.) can. xv.

COHC. Rotontag. under the fame head, " De clericis uxoratis" and " Quales
5 ejje debeant Decani," enjoins " Ut tales tJJtant eligantur,
quijciant fubditos redarguere et emendare, quorum vita
non fit inj amis , fed merito prefer aturfubditis ; " implying
therein that exemplary abjlinence was expected in the
perfons of the titans themfelves.

To enforce clerical celibacy 2 in England, Archbifhop

(') In the firlt three centuries, we hear of no injunction to celibacy;
nor, indeed, till the pontificate of Gregory the Great (near the clofe of
the lixth century), was this abfurd law univerfally received.

( s ) Among the many proofs of the eaftern origin of the Britifh church,

it is here pertinent to remark, that the early clergy of thefe ifles all

the Anglican, and many of the elder Anglo-Saxon clergy copied thofe

Johnfon Pre- f tne Greek church, in retaining their wives. In the latter, even biihops

fare to f. M. we re permitted to keep their icives till the council of Trullo {A.D. DCXCII.).
Vol. ii. p. cxiii. . ... .-,.

& p. 6. note, according to Balfamon ; and here in England, till the reign ot Edgar,

can. in. and

S. V. C. V.] &upeibteton of tf) letgg. ILife ant) JWamwrg. 279

Anfelm, who regarded the marriage of the clergy as the wiikin s ' S LL.
moft intolerable of all abufes, held a council at London Ecci. <$ cwu.
(A.D. MCVII.), expreffly directed adverfus incontinentes cle-
ricos. Earlier attempts had been made by this prelate
(A.D. MCII.), and by Lanfranc 1 his predeceffor (A.D.
MLXXVI.), by the penitential canons (A.D. DCCCCLXIII.), by
Elfric (A.D. DCCCCLVII.), (the fin being equalized with
murder, in its punifhment, by the penitential canons') to
impofe Jingle life on the Englilh clergy. But, on the
authority of Henry of Huntingdon, it had not been
prohibited to them generally to marry till the tenth
century. Afterwards "when, by the attempts, and Works b H iie-
preffures, and tyranny, and arts of a hundred and thirty p. m
years' continuance, the clergy were driven from their
chajte marriages" in the words of Jeremy Taylor,

and the primacy of Dunftan, Mr. Johnfon's fays, " It is certain, that
even thofe of the clergy who lived in monasteries had their wives coha-
biting with them. And the chronicle of Winton informs us, how, after
a long ftruggle, they were at lafl ejected by the miraculous voice of a
crucifix, which yet washeard by none but the king and the archbifliop."
(Spelman. Condi. Vol. i. p. 492.) Again, " When they, the clergy, were Burnet's Hijt. of
put out from their feats," in Bifliop Burnet's words, " becaufe they would the Reformation,
not quit their wives, they were not deprived of facred orders." . ..." In Vol. n. p. 187.
the Weftern church, married clergymen are noticed in many Spanifh
and Gallican fynods ; wherein bifhops' and priefts' wives are called
epifcoptB and presbyter a." The reader, who may wifh to fee the fub-
ject of clerical celibacy difcufled in a mafterly way, is referred to Suicer
Thef. Ecclef. in v. Ta^uo?, coll. 725, feqq. ad 734. He will alfo find
much valuable hiftorical matter collected by the Rev. E. Pagitt, in his
Chriftianographie, Part m. 4. Marriage of Priefts, pp. 56, feqq.

(*) Lanfranc did not impofe celibate on the clergy in the villages, Burnet's Hift. of
but only on thofe that lived in towns, and on prebendaries. But Anfelm JaJJftjJJ*" 1
carried it farther, and fimply impofed it on all the clergy: yet himfelf B.I. pp. 187-88.
laments, that fodomy was become then very common, and even public.

280 $rt*onal function*. [PART IV.

during the protracted ftruggle that thereupon enfued
between men's natural rights and the arbitrary injunc-
tions of the papacy and its emiffaries, the interference of
titans rural on the fide of inhibition was again and again
called for. Nor, indeed, when the Pope had apparently
eftablifhed his anti-matrimonial decree, and got the
clergy partially to yield unwilling fubmiflion to it (which
they did, as a mere law of the church, founded on no
law of the Gofpel), could the papal veto be fubfequently
upheld without the continued vigilancy of our rural
officers, themfelves advocates by compulfion of the
canons of celibacy, and inverted by the church with
power to inflict punifhment for every violation of it in
the perfons of their fubject clergy.

Accordingly, the tomes of the councils at large con-
tain fome few mandates, and thofe of our own iflands
more particularly abound with inftructions to fceans,
archdeacons, and other ordinaries, not only on this head
of profcribed conjugal union, but alfo on the vices con-
ife of fequent upon compulfatory celibacy. For " the church

Gro/etefte, . . , , t r ' *

P. 41. was overrun with a deluge ot incontinence, fornication,

ch*rch m/tory, adulterv, and yet worfe." Since " thofe," in Fuller's

p. 19. xii. cent. & ' J

111 * emphatic language, "who endeavour to make the way

to heaven narrower than God hath made it, by prohi-
biting what he permits, do in event make the way to
hell wider, occafioning the committing of fuch fins, which
God hath forbidden."

wiikins'gLz, But to return to Archbifhop Anfelm. From a letter

/IS. I'lipri.

of Pope Pafchal II. to the metropolitan, it is clear that 1

( ' ) In the diocefe of Sarum, in the commencement of the thirteenth
century, married priefts occur, fathers and fons, holding benefices in


S V. C. V.] &tip*ibteion of $ lerga- Sift ant J&anner*. 281

the clergy, in contempt of papal penalties, continued to

marry " In Anglorum regno,pen major et melior cleri- ^{^' B '^ H '

corumpars" are declared not only to be married, but, Thomaffin. y. et

what is a much more extenfive affertion, to be actually P.'H.'L. i. '

the fans of pr lefts. And the fame was the cafe in France p'.25i.vi.feqq.

where, as well as in England, extenfive powers of dif-

penfation were granted to the Pope's reprefentatives, to

make exceptions in favour of the clergy fo circumftanced :

while, at the fame time, the laws of celibacy were to be

more vigoroufly enforced for the future. Anfelm took

up the matter in good earnefl, and under his primacy

the toans rural, as fupervifors of clerical chajlity, are

bade, in the council already referred to (the firft in which

they appear in fuch a capacity in England, for celibacy

was not enforced in rural diftricts before), to fwear, "Quod

pecuniam non accipient pro tolerandd tranfgreffionejlatuti

ut clerici cajie vivant;" and non-compliance with the

oath is made puniihable, with the lofs of their tecanates.

Again, under the title of " minijiri, quibus cum archidia- ^{^ B '^ H '

conis hoc incumbit" (unlefs the reader would rather

underftand church-reeves than toans rural), they are

commanded by the feventh canon of Archbifhop Cor-

boyl's Weftminfter council (A.D. MCXXVII.), " omnijiudio

et folicitudine ab ecclejid DEI hanc perniciem (fcil.) contu-

bernia mulierum illicitarum omnind eradicare." Sufpenfion Ejufd. p. 502.

is threatened by the York canons of Hubert Walter

(A.D. MCXCV.), if the Utans, by connivance, notify not to

fucceffion, without any notice of papal difpenfation being granted to
them, to capacitate them fo to do. See UetujS Registrant jeanrti gmimlu
penes Epifc. Sarum. The paflage is more particularly referred to here-
after, under the head of " Illegitimates."

JJi-rson.il function*. [PART IV.

their prelates the carnal excej/es of the clergy ; while the
divine benediction is invoked on thofe who from zeal
declare them. Can. xvn.

k*ke vigilance is inculcated by the conftitutions of
jen 7 ' tii Sarum (A.D. MCCXVII.), according to Dr. Brady (but I
do not find any fuch fact in any Sarum document of
this date) ; of Durham* (A.D. MCCXX.) ; of Edmund arch-
bifhop of Canterbury (A.D. MCCXXXVI). Indeed, in all
the canons (each pregnant with more fevere reftrictions
than its forerunner) which patted the church at this
period to promote the darling object of the papacy, the
celibacy * of the clergy, rural &eans and archdeacons were
the conflituted local watchmen of clerical contimncy.
Nor, indeed, enlightened as was Bifhop Grofletefte of
Lincoln, and inclined on other points to conteft the
tyrannical interference of the papal court, did he on this
particular fubject (hew more illumination than his con-
temporaries ; it being the reigning opinion of the day,
that even the conjugal duty was not confident with per-
fect facerdotal purity.

Having enforced the ftanding order of celibacy in his
diocefe, Grofletefte had to contend with the abufes and
immoralities confequent upon it : and accordingly, in
one of his many letters to his archdeacons, preferred by

ctmrch lliftory, (') Fuller tells us the clergy of the diocefe of Norwich were particu-
larly adverfe to the project of priefts' divorces, and in the fame degree,
we may fuppofe, troublefome to the Decanal fupervifors of morals. " In-
deed Norfolk men are charactred in jure municipali verfatiffimi" fays
the witty hiftorian, " and are not eafily ejected out of that whereof
they have had long prefcription, and prefent pofieffion : no wonder
therefore if they 1 tickled for their wives, and would not let go a moytie
of themfelves."

S. V. C. V.] j&upetbteton of tf)e lergg. Effe ant) J&annerji. 283

Mr. Brown in his valuable Fafciculus, we find him ani-

rum in Append.

madverting on thefe officers for allowing the clergy to p.382.E P iiuo7.
have intercourfe with focarite 1 : "Habent facer dotes plu-
rimi fuas focarias, quod etfi nos et noftros lateat cum
inquijitionem fuper hiyufmodi fieri f admits, his per quos
fiunt inquijitiones, perjuria non timentibus, non tftbtt
tamen vos Jic later e qui prcejentialiter fuper eos tarn per
vos quamper tocanos et bedellos vejtros continue vigilare

In the diocefe of Conftance (AD. MCCCCLXXXI.) fen-

Synodi Con-
- - - Jiantienfes.

( l ) "Focariae ita dicta funt, ut placet Somnero in gloff. & curandis Grown, not.

,,./.,.. . marg. in loco

focis : hie autem, ut videtur, ad almjmodi ignes extinguendos alebantur ctttSo.

a facerdotibus iftius cevi (et cujus quidam non, ubi tarn nefarie prohi-

bitum eis fuit fanctum matrimonium?") See Ducange and Spelman

in voce and Bifliop Gibfon's Codex (Lawful Marriage of Priefts in Codex I. E. A.

our Reformed Church) " Not to mention," fays he, " the abominations cap.xiv. p.438.

detected by the commiffioners for vifiting of religious houfes temp. notf

Hen. 8., I will produce one more impartial evidence, viz. the acts of

the metropolitical vifitation of Archbifhop Wareham ; in which we find,

that in the two diocefes of Bangor and St. David's, above eighty priefts

were actually prefented for incontinence." But what is this to the boajl

of a certain prelate recorded by Henricus Cornelius Agrippa "Z)e quo l)e Incertitudine

legimus gloriatum in convivio, habere fe undecim millia facerdotum e sdentiarian

concubinariorum, qui in fingulos annos illi aurum pendent ? " The c - LXIV -

reafon why the ruling powers encouraged concubinage, rather than

marriage, was this, he tells us " Quid ex concubinis proventus illis eft


The incontinent clergy might fairly afcribe fome part of their vicious
habits to their ruling fuperiors, if in the decretals of Gratian (which,
though nearly all furreptitious, are upheld in credit by the papacy) it be
actually laid down, as is reported, on an alleged authority of a council
at Toledo, " Qui non habet uxorem, loco illiua concubinam debet ha-
bere." D. 34. Ed. Paris, MDXIX. My edition, however, I muft confefs,
reads, " Ut unius mulieris, aut uxoris, aid concubinae jit conjunctione

284< $er*onal ^function*. [PART IV.

tence of excommunication ipfo facto patted the fynod
" contra presbyteros notorie* concubinarios et tenentes penes
fe foe arias ;" and a ftrong injunction was laid on the
freans of the countrp to denounce all fuch to the con-
ftituted ecclefiaftic authorities, on pain of excommuni-
cation. But the continental titans do not appear to
have had their attention very frequently or forcibly
directed to the fupport of celibate-canons. Either the
clergy abroad were lefs uxorious than our infular eccle-
fiaftics, or, being more in awe of papal edicts and ana-
themas, more effectually fubdued their natural defires,
in compliance with his holinefs's will and pleafure. Cer-
tain it is, they gave very little trouble to the local orfct-
naws (as far at lea ft as we can judge from the almoft
entire abfence of canons directed to the point in the
councils of Europe) on the fcore of incontinency. But
in England the cafe was altogether different. The
cuftoms of the Greek church (originally introduced here
by St. Paul or other apoftolical miffionary), in refpect of
clerical marriage, were never fo completely eradicated
as to admit, generally and without refiftance, the oppo-
fite, unfcriptural ufages of the Latin church : and thence
the neceflity of the frequent repetition of canons en-
forcing celibacy, and the oft-recited admonitions to &eans
rural to apply them with the utmoft rigour. See Suicer
in voce ra/uo?, and Beveridge ad can. v. Apojtol. in Pandect.
Canon. Vol. n. p. 18, on the lawfulnefs of marriage in the
Greek clergy.

The earlieft penalties inflicted on the clergy of Eng-
land for incontinency may be feen in the Penitential
Canons (fuppofed to have been compiled by Dunftan)
Sf p B 233 H " publifhed by Wilkins, under the title of Canones editi

S. V. C. V.] 5upnbte{<m O f t&e lergg &tfc anD Jann*. 285

fub Edgaro rege (A.D. DCCCCLX.) cann. xxx. xxxi.
The punifhments, fubfequently, varied at the whim and
caprice of the Pope and his partifans ; but whatever they
were, the Ueans rural (as foon as thofe officers were
inftituted) were generally concerned in their due

Sufpenfion and excommunication were frequent punifh-
ments of the guilty clergy. But, let their delinquencies cc.M.B.etn.
be as heinous as they might, it was enacted by W. cte
Cantilupe, in his Worcefter Conftitutiom (A.D. MCCXL.),
and by the Synodal Statutes of Woodloke of Winchefter Vol. n. P . 300.
(A.D. MCCCVIII.), that the churches were not to be
fufpended by the toans, or fuperior ordinaries, from
the celebration of divine fervice, while the delinquents
themfelves could be made amenable, for profeffional
tranfgreffions, in their proper goods and perfons, by
diftraining and fequeftration, by fufpenfion and excom-
munication. Indeed, thefe enactments were of general
interpretation, applicable to clerical mifdemeanours of
whatever kind, and not to incontinent/ alone. But if
the teans allowed any of their fubject brethren, fo fuf-
pended, or who had been a fecond time guilty of incon-
tinence, after penance once accepted, again to officiate
refuming their holy calling without prohibition then
the officers themfelves were to be fufpended, ipfo facto,
by the Winton council. And laftly, if they commuted
the quality and degree of penance enjoined, or varied it
for the fake of extorting money from the guilty, more
readily, by fuch iniquity, they were to reftore twice the

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