William Dansey.

Horae decanicae rurales. Being an attempt to illustrate, by a series of notes and extracts, the name and title, the origin, appointment, ant functions, personal and capitular, of rural deans (Volume 1) online

. (page 29 of 38)
Online LibraryWilliam DanseyHorae decanicae rurales. Being an attempt to illustrate, by a series of notes and extracts, the name and title, the origin, appointment, ant functions, personal and capitular, of rural deans (Volume 1) → online text (page 29 of 38)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


nojtro remittant" The council of Cologne (A.D. MCCC.),



addreffing the fame officers, fays " Fobis tocam's rfs- ss cc.Tom.
tiamtatum committimus et mandamus quatenus nomina x
illorum qui in veftris tfecanatfbus hujufmodi ecclefias occu-
pant, et nomina pajtorum non refidentium perfonalifer ,
in fcriptis nobis intra menfem pojt prtzfentem diem tra-
datis t ut hujufmodi negligentiam et defectum de prcela-
torum noftrorum conjilio reformemus ; et id ipfum in
qudlibetjynodo volumus obfervari" on pain of excommu-
nication : " the fittefl and fureft means/' obferves the



300 ^craonal function*. [PART IV.

author of Parochial Reformation, in his annotation upon
this c anon " to oblige men to their duty, and to out
a drone from profaning his profeffion."
stat. synod. << J n hoc odcigilent becam'" writes the fynod of Saint

D'uec. Attdvmar. *

ru.xvi.np. HI. Omer (A.D. MDLXXXIII. MDCXL.), " ut pajtores in pra'di-

catione verbi nEi,facramentorum adminiftratione et in omni

functione pajloralis officii Jui, recte diligenterque verfen-

tur;" duties which paftors cannot by any means per-

Tit.xvi MIL f ornlj u n l e f s re/ident iary : wherefore the fynod decrees,
that no paftor be abfentfrom his parochial charge beyond
five days, " nifi de licentid Jui becani infcriptis obtentd."

Dk^ a J l iS! odaL ^ n( * *^ e fy 110 ^ of Antwerp (A.D. MDLXXVI.) enacts, that

P 2J no minijiering paftor, regiftered as fuch, be abfent from

his cure for eight fucceffive days, " abfque bccani fui
ruralts confenfu." See alfo Decreta Synodi Dicecef, Antverp.
(A.D. MDCX.) p. 336. and Synod. Statuta Dicecef. Yprenf.
(A.D. MDCXXIX.) Tit. i. p. 283.

Thtf. Anc cdot Yet farther to enforce clerical residence, the feventy-

Tom.iv. col.476. J '

ninth canon of the Ancient Statutes of the church of

(one. Rotomag.

/VOP.P.II. Autun, and the ninth of the Synodal Statutes of Bayeux
(A.D. MCCC.) empower rural arctprtsbpters to feize the
benefices of non-rejtdent incumbents, and to hold the
profits thereof during the bilhop's pleafure ; non-com-
pliance on the part of the officers being fubfequently
threatened with excommunication. By the former coun-
cil, again, it is decreed, that if the churches of the

i.4w. different arcfjipresbpterates within the diocefe of Autun
be not duly repaired, the arc&prfests (hall fequefter the
emoluments thereof; and for their trouble in fo doing,

n^et. synod. tne fy n ods of Saint Omer (A.D- MDLXXXIII. and MDCXL.),

/War. Audamar. J

grant them a fair remuneration "jujlam mercedem."
But by the " Injunctiones ad Decnnos " of the diocefe of



S. V. C. VII. 1.] j&upetbteion of tfje letga. ttegtonwe. 301



Rouen (A.D. MDVI.), it is very properly forbidden them
to fequefter without juft reafon " Ne Jim caufd ar- cc.Rotomag.
reftent fructus beneficiorum fub pratextu reparationum p. 107.
minimi factar urn, aut alterd qudvis occaftone : quod tamen
facer e eis injungitur habitd caufd legit imd."

In cafes of non-rejidence by licence of the bifhop, the
facellani of the fee of Ghent were to exhibit to the rural
arcijpwsts their licences ; and, at the fame time, an p
atteftation, with each licence, of the mafles having been
canonically performed, and the charges upon the bene-
fices duly paid. The officiating curates, likewife, are
annually to lay before thefe officers their letters of ap-
pointment, in order to their being tranfmitted to the
biihop for renewal.

The refidence of toans rural in their treanrtes is not
barely prefcribed by the council of Rheims (A.D. MDLXIV.), ss - cc.Tom.

, . . ..,.,, XX. cl- 1298.

but their active duties, as vigilant mfpectors of the dif-
trict clergy, in enforcing holinefs of life, affiduity in their
calling, attention to the repairs and decent furniture of
their churches, &c., are circumftantially detailed: " Quo
melius omnia quce ad archiepifcopatus nojiri cur am perti-
nent, refcire pq//int, et omnium clericorum negligently et
peccatis occurrere tftcant rurales infud q//idui maneant ac
vigilent Jpeculd, &c." (Statut. xvm.) And again: "Archi-
diaconi et tocam rurales/^joe moneant clericos et poti//imum
curatos, pic vivere et orationibus inftare, hortarique gre-
gemfuum ad pcenitentiam et vitam emendandam, ac repa-
randas parochiales ecclejias, quas peccatis cleri et populi ita
merentibus DEUS permijit pollui et devaftari : fed in repa-
rations follicitudo a curatis ipjis prtffentibus adhibeatur,
ut nihil inordinatum aut prtfpofterd et tumultuarie accom-



302 $monal dfuiutum*. [PART IV.

modatum, nihil prophanum, nihilque inhoneflum appareat,
cum domum DEI deceatfanctitudo."

Laftly, the council of Malines (A.D. MDLXX.), " DC

Bream's <f)risttamtatum " &c. cap. n. writes on the fame

-ss.cc.Tom. point: "Cum eademfit ratio de pafioribus et arcfu'prts-

viEfpen tyttii$,feu tecants ruraltbus, qui et ipji pajlores pajlorum

Tit vi.'capl'ii. font, et eorum qfficium in obfervatione morum, tarn pajto-

rum, qtiam laicorum fui dijirictus conjiftat; Jlatuit hcec

fynodus, ut ficuti paftores infuis parochialibus, ita omnes

arc|)tprcsb5tert,/ez< CTftn'stianttatum tecanf infuorumttttana-

tuum limitibus ad perfonalem rejidentiam compellantur"

And, in our own country, Cardinal Pole, in his Glou-
cefter Injunctions (A.D. MDLVI.), " Touching?, theCleraie"



VoL iv p 146

can. xiv. enacts, " That every teaiw fhall fignifie unto his
ordinarie, onfe every quarter, at the leaft, the names of
all fuche parfons, or vicars, as are non-refidente upon
their benefices" &c.



2.

REGISTRATION OF THE CLERGY, &C.

Parochial Anti- Biftiop Kennett quotes the council of London (A.D.
' MCCCXLII.) meaning the Conftitutiones Provinciales of

Archbifhop Stratford (CC.M.B.etH. Vol. n. p. 696.)-
the Extravagants of the fame prelate of Johnfon's Eccl.
Laws &c. MCCCXLII. as authority for the ftatement of
his Parochial Antiquities, VoL n. p. 361, that, " Hural
beans were to keep a regijler of all priefls and other
clerks, who officiated within their jurifdiction ; and were
to take one penny, and no more, for inferting each



S. V. C. VII. 2.] j&upcrbteion of tfce ktgg. Registration. 303

name in the faid regijhr." The canon in queftion, cc.M.B.etu.

, Vol. ii. p. 696.

however, does not name teans rural as being employed
in inferting the names of the mafs-priefts or other offi-
ciating minifters (fuch, that is, in Johnfon's glofs, as
neither had inftitution nor licence to ferve the cure from
the bifhops) in the matricula; and therefore, if the canon
" Ne inftituti in benefaiis, vel ad facros ordines promoti
indebitd pro fuis literis prtsgraventur" extend to rural
teans, as it probably may, they are included under the
general title of ordinaries, and as fuch are bade to re-
gifter the names of the particular priefts alluded to, at
then* firft admiffion to celebrate divine offices, for the
fum of one penny, and no more, on pain of fufpenfion.

Whether underftood, or not, in the above conftitution
rural teans were, undoubtedly, commiffioned by Arch-
biftiop Peckham to far more extenfive regiftrarial duties
in the firft canon of his Reading council (A.D. MCCLXXIX.),
" De inftitutionibus et dejtitutionibus" addrefled to his Ejufd, p. 33.
fuffragans : *' That we may have notice of benefices



becoming vacant," fays the archbiihop in Mr. Johnfon's '

verfion of the canon, " we enjoin and command you,
my deareft brethren, in virtue of obedience, that by
yourfelves, your officials, archdeacons, or teans 1 , ye
caufe to be written down the names and numbers of
churches, and rectors, with their names and firnames ;
fo that a true account may be had of the perfons, and
the time of their collations, by what title they hold them,
whether by inftitution or commendam, of what age the



(') See the Inftructions to the Dcang rural of the diocefe of Lichfield
and Coventry (A.D. MCCLVI. MCCLVII.), fede vacante, Annales Mo-
naft. Burton, p. 370. (EDITOR.)



3(H personal function*. [PART IV.

rectors, who are incumbents thereof, in what order ;
whether beneficed in more than one church ; whether
difpenfed with for plurality ; who are their patrons, and
what their names ; of what value every church is, ac-
cording to the Norwich Taxation : and let the bifhop
of every diocefe tranfmit injlruments clearly ftating all
thefe particulars to us in the city of London on the
paroch.Antiq. octaves of Saint Hilary, &c. &c." The object of which
inqueft, according to Bifhop Kennett, was to prevent
litigious fuits for the title of benefices ; and it was per-
formed, he fays, by toans rural, in the character of offi-
cials of the bifhop.

Decret. Synod. On the continent, at a much later date, the like duty
Tit. xx. c. ii. ' of registration of benefices and beneficiaries was impofed
' on our ecclefiaftic officers by the Decreta of the fynods
of Saint Omer (A.D. MDLXXXIII MDCXL.) " Habeant
tfecant regi/trum omnium beneficiorum fui dijirictus cum
curd et Jim curd a/criptis nominibus polJeJJbrum et ubl
habitent : cum fpecificatione honor urn, reddituum,fylvarum,
pratorum, terrarum, et limitum ac terminorum f et onerum
annexorum quotanms exhibendum. Ejus vero regijtri co-
piam authenticam ad nos mitt ant in epifcopatus archivis
refervandam" The beneficiaries were obliged to render
accurate and minute accounts of their benefices, coun-
terfigned by the local magiftrates, to the titans ; and the
latter again to the bifhop. To which purport all perfons,
who were inducted into church-livings, took an oath at
the time of their induction : and, if they did not fulfil
their pledge within a year, they were liable to be cited
before the bifhop's court and punifhed for perjury ; the
profits of the benefice being, at the fame time, put
under fequeftration.



S. V. C. VII. 2.] &uperbt*ton of Icrgg Registration. 305

Laftly The btans rural of the diocefe of Rouen are ss.Rotomag.
charged in the Synodal Mandates of the year MDCXLVII, p. us. can! n.
" Utjinguli omnium capellarumfuorum fcecanatuum titulos,
qualitatem,Jtatum, valorem, et oner a, una cum titular ium
et patronorum nominibus, in tabulis accurate* defcribant,
earumque exempla intra proximam Jynodum apud acta
CancellaritfArckiepifcopalisperferant, aut tranjmittant"8ic.



3.

PROHIBITION OF UNLICENSED MINISTERS.

The titan's duties, let me add, ceafed not with enforcing
the rejidence of the duly-inftituted clergy, and regiftering
them and other officiating minifters in the public matri-
cula of the Utanrg : he was alfo to fupport the prohibitions
of the church againft unlicenfed and vagrant minifters,
and not to allow them to celebrate within the limits of
his authority.

" Ne aliquis tocanus presbyteros extra dioecejim Leo- Thefaw. Anecd.

-,. f. , T . -7 / / 7 -. Tom.iv.col.859.

dienjem ab alienu quwit/cunque epycopis ordmatos permit-
tant in fuis fcecanatt'bus celebrare, niji per literas nojiras
eis ojienderint ipfos fuper hoc licentiatos, et tune eos licen-
titf conceffcE terminos excedere non permittant." (Can. xxn.)

Again " Sacellanus nullus admittatur" writes the Decrei. synodi

p i t> c*< - , /~\ /^Tk \ tt / \ Dicec. Atidamar.

fynod of Saint Omer (AD. MDLXXXIII. MDCXL.), " nifi a TU.XVHI.C.IH.
nobis probatus et admiffus. Is etiam literas admi/Jionis a P '
nobisfact(E Iretano di/tr ictus illius exhibeat, qui eas vidiff'e
fe, et examinaffe fcripto tejlabitur : nee niji ejii/modi ttcanf
fcripto vifo, et profej/ione fidei emiffa, prafumant pajiores
eum recipere"

x



306 et*onal dfunttion*. [PART IV.



Again " Summo Jtudio odvigilent toccani ruraUs ne
Tit.v.c. quis facerdos <^c. in beneficium aliquod parochiale, feu
curatum, vel exercitium curce. animarum .... fefe intru-
dat, abfque pr&vio examine, et legitimd approbations : "
and if any fuch unexamined and unapproved prieft dared
to intrude himfelf by force, he was to be made over to
the fecular power.
statut. Synodi If the clerffy allowed any of the religious, within the

Brugenfit, p. 18. Ol7 J

A.D. MDLXXI. diocefe of Bruges, to preachy or hear confeffion, without
firft exhibiting their letters of licence before the local
Ireans of Ctw'stfamtp, they incurred a fine of xn libra for
every fuch offence.

cbap.xui.p.73. " All vain and wandering priefls," writes the namelefs
author of A Humble, Propofal for Parochial Reformation by
Rural Deans and Chapters, " whofe fins made them inca-
pable of flaying long in any place, through their great

ss cc. Tom. expences and little deferts," (" utpot e apoftatce, difcur-
fores, et vagi de aliis provinciis" &c.) " were to be taken
and examined by the trean, if they came within his
trcanrp, both concerning their orders, and the reafon of
their vagrancy, that they might be returned to the
places of their charge, or depofed according to the
canons."

see aifo Decret. Such interference took place on the authority of the

Tu!^.cap.7i. council of Cologne (A.D. MCCC.) ; which farther adds, that
-) thefe clerical wanderers might be admitted to the per-
formance of minifterial functions, on the toan's being
fatisfied of the authenticity of their letters of orders,
and their general fitnefs " tune demum admittantur tales,
cum in his inventi fuerint idonei &c." (Can. in.) But if
they were found, on examination, to be without tefti-
monials, from their own bifhop, of being canonically



S. V. C. VII. 3.] j&upetbteion of forgg. 2HtoUecn<$rt> Jftinisstcr*. 307

ordained and lawfully difmifred l from their paft cures,
they were inadmiffible to any church, or duty of the
prieflhood. Whoever ventured to employ any fuch
perfon, merely " dicentemfe presbyterum" as a curate or
chaplain, incurred the penalty of excommunication ;
unlefs he again difcharged him within fix days after
notice duly ferved upon him by the fcean. The fynod cc.Rotomag.
of Conftance (A.D. MCCCCLXXXI.), in a canon expreffly PP. 570/571.

,. , , r / . . - ir Synod. Conftant.

directed " contra presbyterosjejacientes promoven abfque
Utter is dimifloriis," goes yet farther, and fanctions, by
its authority, the actual imprifonment of fuch daring
offenders againft church-difcipline.

At a later date, the council of Augsburg (A.D. MDXLVIII.) ss. cc. Tom.

P . ' xix. col. 1302.

authonfes creans rural to cite before them all fuch
fufpected characters at their rural chapters, to demand
the formal exhibition in court of their letters of orders,
and their title to the ecclefiaftical benefice to which
they laid claim ; and then to report thereon to the
diocefan.

The collected Statutes of the diocefe of Avranches ss.Rotomag.
(A.D. MDL.), charge the titans " Ut presbyteros pere- p. 290. ''
gr'mos ad celebrandum nullatenus admitti Jinant, niji poji
lapfum octo dierum doceant de fuis litteris : minus verd
ad confejfiones audiendas recipiant. Ufum confejjionalium
niji ab qfficiariis nojlris probatorum minimi admittant, et
utentes denuncient. Si quern fciverint injufto titulo ali-
cujus beneficii fructibus gander e t confejllm rcvelent, &c."



( x ) See a form of " Literee DimifforvE conceffee clerico cupientife ab
und dioeceji in aliam transfcrre" in Gibfon's Appendix, Cod. I. E. A.
Tom. ii. in. p. 1443. xiv.

x2



308 tfewonal ^function*. [PART IV.

Decreta Antiq. r fo the like Durpole fpeaks the fynod of Cambruy of

Synod. Camerac. . r * *

pp.no, in. the fame year, in the canon " De non Jiabentibus curam
animarwn V



4.

PROHIBITION OP ILLEGITIMATES UNPROTECTED BY PAPAL DISPENSATION.

It being contrary to the canon law that the/on* of
clergymen, or illegitimates, fhould fucceed to ecclefi-
aftical benefices without the fpecial permiffion of the fee
of Rome, or to whom the Pope granted the power of
van Efpen difpenfmg with " irregularitas ex defectu natalitiitm," as
j.x. c.'ni'."' it was denominated by the canonifts we find the fol-
lowing precept to treans rural of the diocefe of Liege in
the Synodal Statutes of that fee (A.D. MCCLXXXVII.)
Martene, The/. " Pnecipimus ttccaiifs ruralfbus. quod in fuis trecanatfbus

Tom. iv. c. 858. . J , ,

inquirant utrum aliqw jilii facerdotum vel illegitime nati



fUowing mandates appear in the Rouen Provincial Synods ;
p. 130. and are here admitted, as bearing upon this part of Decanal duties:

II. " Mandata miffionum pro temporibus adventus et quadragejima:
diyunctim dabuntur ; et avrhipvcgbijtcrt feu Decani ruraleg necnon rec-
tores eccle/iarum parochialium prohibentur admittere quemlibet concio-
natorem temporibus quadragefimee, nifi ad hunc ejfectum fecum ferat
mandatum particulare, quo conftet rationem villicationis Jute pro ad-
ventu ftdi archiepifcopali reddidiffe." (Mandata Arch. Rotomag. &c.

MDCXXXVI1I.)

iv. " SltcijiptesbBteri feu Decani rurale^ providebunt ne quit concio-
nator quadragefimte temporibus recipiatur, qui non promiferit fefe ibi-
dem per octavos facrofancti facramenti, et ajffumptionis beatiffim,(e
Mariee Virginia, in honorem voti regii et confecrationis regni, verbum
DEI preedicaturum. Laid autem votis noftris per opera car Hut is obje-
cundare non recufent."



S. V. C. VII. 4.] Superbteion O f t&* Utgs. Illegitimate*. 309



obtinent aliqua beneficia ecclejiajiica Jine difpenfationejedis
apojiolictf : quosji invenerint, nuncient patronis benejicio-
rum, quod^ipfa beneficia conferant perfonis idoneis, et
nomina talium fuperiori fuo fub poend excommunicationis
remittant" Can. xn.

This law applied to " illegitimZ nati" both laical and
clerical: and, the learned ThomafTin thinks, no diffe-
rence was made in reference to the latter, whether born
in or out of wedlock, as long as they were " in facer dotio
geniti." Extra. deJUiispresbyt.c.xiv. Loop-holes, how-
ever, there were, by which to efcape this irregularity 1
" ex defectu natalitium: "fee a form of difpenfation "pro
illegitime nato, ut pojjit obtinere dignitatem aut benefaium"
in Gibfon's Appendix, Tom. n. p. 1340. in. Art. iv.

In a canon of inftructions to archdeacons and titans can. *vi.



(*) This natal or natalitious defect does not appear to have been an
infurmountable bar to promotion in our own fee, though the inflances
of fuch irregularity were numerous. There was no limit to the papal Epifcop. sarum.
power of difpenfation in adjufting thefe difqualifications and putting
matters to rights ; as the following anecdote proves, refpecting the elec-
tion of Richard Bingham to the vacant fee of Sarum. Forty-one canons
and prebendaries were prefent at the preliminary meeting, by themfelves
or proctors ; being authorifed to proceed to the election of one of their
body to fill the vacant epifcopal throne. But of this number, there were
fome, fays the regifter, " qui non poterant eligi, ed quod non effent de
legitimo matrimonio, utpote Dccanus ejufdem ecclf-fiee, et quidam alii.
Aliqui tamen eorum dicebantfe ejffe munitos fuper hoc per indulgentiam
apoftolicam, veluti mag. W. de Merlon, archdiaconus Berkjlr. mag. de
Chabbeham, Jubdecanus Sarum, quorum uterque protulit indulgentiam
apoftolicam, cum tali tamen adjectione: ' Ita tamen quod fi ad epifco-
patum vocatus fueris, ilium fine licentia noltra Jpeciali nullo modo re-

cipias/ Alii verd confitebanlur defectum natalium fuorum,

nullarn penitus habentes fuper hoc indulgentiam." Thefe indulgences,
it is noticed, were all of the pontificate of Gregory IX.



310 personal function*. [PART IV.

rural of the fore-mentioned diocefe of Liege, the atten-
tion of thefe officers is particularly directed to a fecond
irregularity, which incapacitated a clergyman'lbr holding
a benefice ; namely, where he was the fon of the imme-
diately preceding incumbent : " Nullus Jilius facerdotis
obtineat benefaium" fays the canon referred to, " in quo
stiiiingfleets pater fuus immediate defer civil." Such a clerk was illesi-

Ecclff. Cafes, . . .. . J . . T _ r n _

voi.i. p. 358. timatized by the canon law of Weltern Europe; but not



t in England. Though the rule was entered in our pro-
5p.f fS: vincial conflitutions (fee CO. M. B. et H. Vol. i. p. 474.
x - p - 107 AD. MCLXXIIL), ftill it is generally held, the bifhop of
Worcefter fays, that it was never received here ; and
therefore we find no inftructions to fceans rural on the
fubject, in the councils of Great Britain and Ireland '.
Bajlardy, however, without difpenfation, was always a
juft objection to a prefented clerk. See Thomaffin F. et
N. E. D. Tom. n. P. n. L. i. c. LXXXIV. p. 251. vi. feqq.



( J ) There were two reafons for the law " Nejiliusfuccedat patri;"
one was, to difcourage the marriage of priefts (fee Con/2. Dom. Othon.
innotuit) ; the other, that benefices fhould not become hereditary. (See
Conft. Peckham. A. B. Prov. L. i. Tit. vin.) " They are certainly mif-
taken," fays Mr. Johnfon, " who fuppofe that all the children of clergy-
men, in times of popery, were illegitimate, and would have this to be
the reafon of the canon. A prieft might have children before he entered
into any orders ; that is, while he was oftiary, acolyth, or exorcift." See
Mr. Whitaker's Hiftory of Manchejler, Vol. n. B. n. c. xn. n. p. 460.
2>ctu fKcfli*- In the Inquifitio de terrd de IVokingham per Adam de Ivelceftre,

O*mun? Ct (A.D.vccxv. MCCXXV.), Decanum Sarum, there are feveral examples
of priefts and deacons, fathers and fons, being married and holding
. Benefices fucceflively within the diocefe of Salisbury.



S. V. C. VII. 5.] jfeuperbteton of tfje Utgg. jfceqtwgtration, fcc. 311



5.

GUARDIANSHIP OF THE TEMPORALITIES OF THE CHURCH DURING
VACANCY AND SEQUESTRATION.

As the legitimate guardians of the church's tempora- see Part m.
lilies in country diftricts, it has been incidentally mewn,
in a former part of thefe notes, that &eans rural (there
called arc&pusbgtm) were canonically commiffioned, as
early as the ninth century, to the conservation of the
property of the vacant tituli of their arcf)tpst)8trates.
True indeed it is, that, in the canon referred to, their
honefty in the office of collecting ecclefiaftical fruits is
more than queftionable ; they are charged with the
appropriation of the produce and revenue of other
churches to their own ufe ; an iniquitous breach of
truft condemned by the Pavian council (A.D. DCCCLV.)
" Tollenda eft prava omnind confuetudo, qu& in nonnullis Thomamn. r. e t

, . ... . . ,, 7 ,. N.E.D.Tom.i.

locis orin ccepit : qma nonnulli arcptpresfcBten, vel aliorum P. i. L. n. c.v.
titulorum cujtodes,fruges, vel aliarum ecclejiarum reditus,
ad proprias domos abducunt &c." inlinuating, with too
much feeming truth, that fuch abduction looked more
like robbery, than protection of church property.

But whatever lack of honeft ftewardfhip our Pavian
officers may have fhewn in the cafes reprobated by the
cited council, it was ufual, there and elfewhere, upon the
vacancy of any church, for the treans to have the cuftody
of it ; that is, fays Mr. Somner in fpecial relation to our
infular church-ufages, " to collect the fruits, and get the Antiquities of
cure fupplied, in the name and Head of the archdeacon,
during the church's widowhood : and to that end the
fctan had the church-door key delivered to him ; which,
upon his induction of the new incumbent, to put him



312 $cr*onal function*. [PART IV.



in poireifion of the church, he uled to deliver again to
him, according to the manner of giving corporal pof-
feflion, in thofe elder times obferved."
Ami. Not only did they gather the fruits of the vacant

J a> 3cT.' benefice in truft for the future incumbent, but they alfo

, took care that the glebe lands were feafonably tilled, and
f Qwn to tne bed advantage ; (duties now performed by

jc. M. B.^H. churchwardens) looking for recompence to him in
whofe behalf they acted as trujlees and guardians of the
benefice, viz. the future incumbent : " Terra ecclejia-
rum vacantium inculttf non jaeeant,fed per fccanum loci
excolantur, ab eo, qui fructus receperit, fumptibus refun-
dendis, vel pro parte fructuum tradantur aliis excolendtf.
"Decani, qui circa hoc negligentes extiterint, puniantur"-
To which Worcefter conltitution " De terris defunctorum
incultis" (A.D. MCCXL.) the fifty-firft of the fynod of

vol. ii P . 158- Exeter (A.D. MCCLXXXVII.) adds, If the titan and fu-
ture incumbent cannot agree on the point of remune-
ration, any difpute thereupon (hall be fettled by the
ordinary.

In the province of Rouen, it was cuftomary for the
fcean of the diftrict to accompany the farmer of the
vacant benefice, and conjointly with him infpect its
condition at the commencement of the term of his lay-
tenancy ; fo that the farmer might be obliged to give it
up in the fame condition at the expiration of his term :



Online LibraryWilliam DanseyHorae decanicae rurales. Being an attempt to illustrate, by a series of notes and extracts, the name and title, the origin, appointment, ant functions, personal and capitular, of rural deans (Volume 1) → online text (page 29 of 38)