William Davenport Adams.

A dictionary of the drama; a guide to the plays, play-wrights, players, and playhouses of the United Kingdom and America, from the earliest times to the present online

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upon them, imagine they are intoxicated.

"Muste in here brayn so sclyly doth crepe,
That thei chateryii and chateryn as they jays were."

" Muste " means " new wine." See Collier's
* Dramatic Poetry.'

Apothecary (The), in 'Romeo and

Juliet,' reappears in the burlesques of the
tragedy by Dowling and Halliday.

Apotheosis of Punch (The). A sa-
tirical masque, " with a INIonody on the
Death of the late Master Punch. Acted at
the Patagonian Theatre, Exeter 'Change."
This was an attempt to ridicule Sheridan's
monody on Garrick's death. It was printed
in 1779, and was attributed to Leonard
M'Nally.

"Apparel oft proclaims the man

(The)."—' Hamlet,' act i. sc. 3 {Polonius).

Apparition (The). (1) A comedy trans-
lated from the ' Mostellaria ' of Plautus, by
Richard Warner {q.v.), and printed in 1772.
(2) A musical romance in two acts, by J. C
Cross, first performed at the PLaymarket
Theatre on September 3, 1794, with a cast
mcludmg C. Kemble, Bannister, iun., Suett,
Johnstone, Mrs. Harlowe, and Miss De
Camp. (3) ' The Apparition ; or, The Sham
NNedding:' a comedy by "a gentleman of
Oxford," first performed at Drury Lane on
November 25, 1713, with Norris as Sir Tris-
tram Gettall, Pack as Plotwell, Keen as
Dawhwell, Booth as young Welford, Bowman
as old Welford, Spiller as Foist, and Mrs.
Mountfort as Aurelia. The "sham wed-



ding" is that of Sir Tristram to Aurelia;
she has already been espoused by young
Welford, and keeps Sir Tristram at a dis-
tance. The "apparition" is that of old
Welford to the knight, who has forged his
name to a deed. Plotwell assists Aurelia,
and Dawhwell aids Sir Trisfram throughout.
Appeal (The). An anonymous tragedy
in three acts, produced at Edinburgh in
1818, with Yates as Helgert, Mrs. Renaud
as Isbel, Mrs. H. Siddons as Ariette, and
Putnam as Ethelstane. Helgert, accused by
Isbel of the murder of her husband, in-
voluntarily confesses his gTiilt, on which
Ariette, who is betrothed to Ethelstane, son
of Helgert, " dies -without speaking." ' The
Appeal ' was altered from ' The Witness,' a
play printed in the ' Rejected Theatre.'

Appeal to the Muses (An); or,
Apollo's Decree. A dramatic and mu-
sical prelude, written by James Cawdell,
and performed at the opening of several pro-
vincial theatres, being produced at one of
them, in 1792, under the title of ' Apollo's
Holiday.'

Appeal to the Public (An), by John
OxENFORD {q.v.), was performed at New
York in 1S49. Felix Rosemary, in this play,
was in the repertory of Lester Wallack.

Appearance is Ag-ainst Them. A
farce by Mrs. lNCHBALD(g.i).), first performed
at Covent Garden on October 22, 1785, with
a cast including Quick, Edwin, and others.
The plot turns on the number of hands
through which the heroine's shawl passes.
Among the personce are Lord Lighthead,
Clownhy (a country gentleman). Fish (a
lady's maid). Miss Angle, Lady Loveall, and
Lady Mary Magpie. The piece was revived
in 1804, under the title of 'Mistake upoa
Mistake.'

Appearances. A comedy in two acts,
by J. Palgrave Simpson {q.v.), first per-
formed at the Strand Theatre, London, on
May 28, 1860, with J. Clarke as Montgomery
de Courcy Plantagenet Puf, H. J. Turner as
Mr. Carney Pillgild, Parselle as Vincent, W.
U. Swanborough as Florid, Poynter as Var-
nish, Miss E. Bufton as Mrs. Mowbray, Miss
Neville as Cecilia Vivid, Miss C. Saunders as
May Marigold, and Mrs. Selby as Mrs.
Janus.

"Appetite had grown by what it
fed on, As if increase of."—' Hamlet,'
act i. sc. 2.

Appiani. A character (1) in Thomp-
son's ' Emilia Galotti ' {q.v.) and (2) in
♦ The Woman of the People' {q.v.).

Appius, in Crisp's 'Virginia' {q.v.),
differs from the Appius of other dramatists
in that he offers marriage to Virginia. See
Appius and Virginia.

Appius and Virginia. The famous
story of which Appius, Virginia, and Vir-
ginius are the leading personages, has been
dramatized in the following works :— (1)
' Appius and Virginia : ' a " tragical comedy,"
by " R. B." [ ? Richard Bower], " wherein"



APPLAUD



6S



APPROBATION



\



(according to the title-page) "is lively ex-
pressed a rare example of the vertue of
Chastitie by Virginias constancy, in 'n-ish-
ing rather to be slaine at her o-v\Tie fathers
hands, than to be defloured by the wicked
judge Apius." This work, -which was printed
m 1575, is not divided into acts, and is, in
fact, less of a "tragical comedy" than of a
moral plav, being a singular combination of
history and allegory. (2) ' Appius and Vir-
ginia : ' a tragedy by John Webster (q.v.),
ascribed by Fleay to circa 1G09, printed in
1654, and described by HazUtt as "a good,
sensible, solid tragedy, cast in a framework
of the most approved models, with little_ to
blame or praise in it, except the affecting
speech of Virg-iniusio Firc^inmjust before he
kills her." The play was afterwards adapted
by Betterton, and produced at Lincoln's Inn
Fields in 1670, as ' The Roman Virgin ; or,
The Unjust Judge' {q.v.). Betterton was
Virginius, ilrs. Betterton Virginia, and
Harris Appius. Characters called Comfort,
Conscience, Doctrine, Reward, and Rumour
are introduced, and are employed to punish
Ajipius and console Virginia. There is also
a "vice" caUed Haphazard.^ who supplies
what may be called the comic element. As
specimens of the anachronisms in the work,
it may be mentioned that " Virginia and
her mother go to ' church,' and Virginius,
like a sound orthodox believer, explains the
creation of man and woman according to
the Book of Genesis." Virginius, at Vir-
ginia's own desire, strikes off her head and
presents it to Ajypius. (3) ' Appius and
Virginia : ' a tragedy by John Dennis (q.v.),
produced at Drury Laiie on February 5, 1709,
with Booth as Appius, INIrs. Rogers as Vir-
ginia, Betterton as Virginius, and Wilks as
Icilius. "It was," says Button Cook, "a
hopelessly dull tragedy, which not even the
united exertions of Booth, Wilks, and Bet-
terton could keep upon the stage for more
than four nights." It was into this play
that Dennis introduced a mode of producing
stage thunder by means of " troughs of
wood with stops' in them." " Whether,"
says a contemporary wi-iter, "Mr. Dennis
was the inventor of that improvement I
know not, but it is certain that, being once
at a tragedy of a new author, he fell into a
great passion at hearing some, and cried,
"Sdeath ! that is my thunder.'" See, also,
Dibdin's ' History of the Stage.' (4)
' Virginia ' iq.v.), by Henry Crisp (i754). (5)
' Appius : ' a tragedy by John Moncrief
{q.v.), performed at Covent Garden on March
6, 1755, with Sparks as Appius, Sheridan
as Virginius, and Mrs. Bellamy as Virginia.
The failure of this play was attributed by
the author to Sheridan, who had deprived
it of its fifth act. In this tragedy Appius
makes an unsuccessful attempt upon the
virtue of Camilla, Virginia's guardian, and
in the end takes poison. (6) 'Virginia'
\q.v.), bv Frances Brooke (1756). (7)
* Virginia ' {q.v.). by J. Bidlake (ISOO). (8)
' Virginius ; or. The FaU of the Decemviri '
(1S20). (9) ' Virginius' (q.v.), by J. SHERIDAN
Knowles ClS-20) ; and (10) ' Virginia' (q.v.),
by J. Howard Payne.



"Applaud th.ee to the very echo,
I ■would." — ' Macbeth,' act v. sc. 3.

Apple-Blossoms. A comedy by James
Albery (g.r.), first performed at the Vaude-
ville Theatre, London, on September 9, 1871,
with W.Farrenas Captain Penryn, LinRayne
as Tom Penryn, T. Thome as the Great
Baggs, D. James as Bob Prout, and Miss Amy
Fawsitt SiS Jenny Prout; played in the Eng-
lish provinces in 18S6, with Miss G. Warden
as Jenny, E. S. Gofton, M. M. Mellor, and J.
H. Rogers. Tom, the Captain's son, is in
love with Jenny, the young mistress of the
Apple Tree Inn ; but the "Captain opposes
the match, and Tom, disinherited, goes off
to sea. Meanwhile the Cap/tain, falling iU
at the inn, is so admirably nursed by Jenny
(whom he does not know as his son's sweet-
heart), that he determines to adopt her as
his daughter. In due course Tom returns,
and, after explanations, the lovers are made
happy. See Baggs the Great ; Prout,
Bob.

Appleby, Thomas Bilton. Actor ;
made his first appearance on the stage at
Dmidee in 1S66, his London debut taking
place in 1S74. He " created " the following,
among many parts : — Sadlove, in Boucicault's
' Elfie,' King Kokatoo in Burnand's bur-
lesque, the Governor in ' The Broken Branch,'
Rerny in ' The Woman of the People,' and
Matthew Lambert in ' Married, not Mated.'
He played Moses in ' The School for Scandal'
at the Strand Theatre, London, in 1SS6.

Appleface. A character in Jerrold's
' Catspaw' (q.v.).

Apples. A comedy in one act, by
Julian Sturgis (q.v.), performed at Lad-
broke Hall, London, on November 28, 1887.

"Apples even ripe below."— Beau-
mont and Fletcher, ' Valentinian' (song),

Appletree. A character in Farquhar's

'Recruiting Ofiicer' (q.v.).

Apprentice (The). A farce in two acts,
by Arthur Murphy (^7. 1-.), first performed at
Drury Lane on January 2, 1756, with Wood-
ward as Dick, and other parts by Yates,
Jefferson, and Miss Minors. The prologue
was by Garrick. " The intention of this
farce," says the ' Biographia Dramatica,' ",is
entirely to expose the absurd passion so
prevalent amongst apprentices, and other
young people, who assemble themselves . . .
under the title of Spouting Clubs," etc. It
was first played in Ameri'ca in 1768. Dick
was one of the parts of J. R. Duff.

Apprentice's Prize (The). A plav by
Richard Bro:me (q.v.) and Thomas Hey-
W'OOD (g.r.), entered on the books of the
Stationers' Company on April 8, 1654. " Must
date 1634, the only year in which these
authors wrote for the same company "
(Fleay).

Apprentices to Actors. See Actino
as a Profession.

"Approbation from Sir Hubert



APRIL DAY



ARANZA



Stanley is praise indeed."— Morton,
' Cure for the Heartache,' act v. sc. 2.

April Day. A burletta in three acts, by
K. O'Haka (q.v.), first performed at the Hay-
market on August 22, 1777, with Bannister as
Bon Buffalo, L)u Bellamy as Count Folatre,
and Edwin as Davo. Cephisa is in love -with
the Count, but bound by her father's will
to marry Buffalo, unless he consents to her
marrying some one else. Davo, tlie Count's
servant, personates an astrologer, and
persuades Buffalo that whosoever marries
Ce2)hisa first shall die. Tlie Don tliereupon
agi'ees to give way in favour of the Count,
and is then laughed at, as an April fool, for
his pains.

April Folly (An). A comedy in one act,
adapted (from a novelette) by J. P. HURST
(q.v.), and produced at the Olympic Theatre,
London, on April 6, 1885.

April Fool; or, The Follies of a

Nig-lit. A farce by Leonard M'NALLY(g.u.),
first performed at Covent Garden on April 1,
1786. The story was used by Johnson in
his 'Country Lasses,' Middleton in his
'Mad "World,' Bullock in 'The Slip,' and
Kenrick in ' The Spendthrift,' all of which
.see. (2) ' An April Fool : ' a farce in one act,
by W. Brough (q.v.) and A. Halliday (q.v.),
first performed at Drury Lane on April 11,
1864, with Miss Lydia Thompson as Diana
Oldbuck, and R. Roxby and G. Belraore in
other parts. See Davenport Done.

April Rain. A comedy in prologue and
two acts, by LEONARD S. Outram (q.v.),
performed at the Theatre Royal, Reading,
on May 10, 18S6.

April Showers. A comedy in three
acts, by F. Romer and G. S. Bellamy, first

Serformed at Terry's Theatre, London, on
anuary 24, 1889, with a cast including INIiss
M. Millett, Miss R. Norreys, W. Everard,
L. Waller, and A. Chevalier ; revived at the
Comedy Theatre in April, 1890, with Miss
M. Millet and W. Everard in their original
rdles, Nutcombe Gould, Reeves Smith, Miss
A. Hughes, Miss E. Brunton, etc.

April the First. King of Tomfoolery
in Planches ' Cymon and Iphigenia' (q.v.).

Actuariura Theatre. See London
Theatres.

Aquila, Serafino del'. A young poet
in Tom Taylor's ' Fool's Revenge ' (q.v.).

Arab (The). A tragedy by Richard
Cumberland (q.v.), first performed at Covent
Garden on March 8, 1785, with Henderson
as the Arab, Alcanor, and other parts
by Farren, Lewis, Wroughton, and JNIiss
Younge. Alcanor, Avho is in love with
Glaphyra, and believes himself to be the
son of Herod Agrippa, comes from Arabia
to Judfea to claim the throne ; but, dis-
covering that he is the son of Barzilla, that
Herodian is the real heir, and that Glaphyra
loves Herodian, he resigns the kingdom to
the last-named, and stabs himseK.



Arab Boy (The). A drama in which
Mdme. Celeste appeared successfully, both
in England and America.

Arabbo. A character in Reynolds'
•Caravan' (q.v.).

Arabella. The heiress in Knight's
'Honest Thieves' (g. v.).

Arabia Sitiens ; or, A Dream of
a Dry Year. A tragi-cnmedy by W.
Percy (160l), preserved in manuscript in
the Duke of Devonshire's library.

Arabian Nig-ht (An). (1) A comedy
adapted from Von Moser's ' Haroun al Ra-
schid' by AuGUSTiN iDaly (q.v.), and first
performed in New York in 1879, with Miss
Ada Rehan (Kate Spinlde), Miss Catherine
Lewis, C. Leclercq, and John Drew in the
cast. (2) ' The Arabian Nights : ' a comedy
adapted by Sydney Grundy from Von
Moser's work, and first performed at the
Globe Theatre, London, on November 5,
18S7, with W. S. Penley as Joshua Gilli-
irand and Miss Lottie Venne as Rosa Colom-
bier; produced at Daly's Theatre, New
York, in March, 1890, under the title of
' Haroun al Raschid and his ]Mother-in-
Law,' and with a cast including John Drew
and ;Mrs. Gilbert ; revived at the Comedy
Theatre, London, November 5, 1892. -
• Haroun Alraschid ' has also been adapted
under the title of ' The Skeleton' (q.v.).

Arable, Captain. Brother of Jack,
and son of Alderman, Arable, in F. REY-
NOLDS' 'Speculation' (q.v.).

Arac. Son of Kiyij Gama, in Gilbert
and Sullivan's ' Princess Ida' (q.v.).

Arajoon ; or, The Conquest of
Mysore. An Oriental drama in three
acts, by J. Stirling Coyne (q.v.), first per-
formed at the Adelphi Theatre, London,
October 22, 1838, with a cast including Mrs.
Yates, Yates, Saville, J. Webster, Lyon, and
Cullingford.

Aram, Eugrene. See Eugene Aram.

Araminta. (1) Wife of Moneytrap (q.v.),
and friend of Clarissa (q.v.), in Vanbrugh's
' Confederacy' (g.tj.). See Gripe. (2) Ara-
minta, in Congreve'S ' Old Bachelor' (q.v.),
is in love with Vainlove (q.v.). (3) Ara-
tninta, in Whitehead's ' School for Lovers'
(q.v.), is in love with Modely (q.v.).

Aramis. One of the "three musketeers"
in C. Rice's play of that name (q.v.) \ als»
figures in J. and H. Paulton'S 'Three
Musket-Dears ' (q.v.).

Aranza, Duke, in Tobin's 'Honey-
moon ' (q.v), is the husband of Juliana (q.v.).
Leigh Hunt said that in no character did
Elliston display his skill in dry humour
with such felicity as in this part, which
was "altogether his finest performance"
(' Critical Essays,' 1807). Of Edmund Kean's
Aranza Hazlitt said that it Avas "the least
brilliant of all his characters. It was Duke
and no Duke. It had severity without
dignity, and was deficient in ease, grace.



AEBACES



ARCHER



and gaiety. He played the feigned charac-
ter as if it -were a reality."

Art)aces. (1) King of Iberia, in Beau-
mont and Fletcher's ' King and No King '
(g.r.). '" Arbaces," says Hazlitt, " is painted
in gorgeous, but not alluring colours. His
vainglorious pretensions and impatience of
contradiction are admirably displayed. . . .
His pride of self-will and tierce impetuosity
are the same in "war and in love. The
haughty Toluptuousness and pampered
effeminacy of his character admit neither
respect for his misfortunes nor pity for his
errors." (2) Son of Artahanes, and in love
with Mandane, in Arxe's 'Artaxerxes'
{q.v.). (3) A sati-ap in BraON's ' Sardana-
palus' (g.r.). (4) First lord-in-waiting in
BURNA>D"s 'Dido' {q.v.). (5) ArMces is
a character in Bcckstoxe's ' Last Days of
Pompeii' (q.v.), Oxenford's adaptation of
the same story {q.v.), and Reece's burlesque,
' The Very Last Days of Pompeii ' {q.v.).

Arbitration; or, Free and Easy.
A farce in two acts, by F. Reynolds {q.v.),
first performed at Covent Garden on De-
cember 11, 1S06, with Lewis as Jack Fami-
liar, Blanchard as Sir Toby Tritely, Liston
as Chequer, and Mrs. Davenport as Lady
Litifiious. It was first played in Xew York
in 180S.

Arbuthnot, Jotm, M.D. See Three

Hours after Marrl\ge.

Aj:'cades. "An Entertainment presented
to the Countess-Dowager of Derby at Hare-
field by some noble persons of her Family,"
probably in 1633 or 1634. Of this masque,
which was written by ]MlLTOX, only three
songs and a speech by " the Genius of the
"Wood " have been preserved. The music was
probably written bv Lawes. See IMasson's
edition of r^Iilton's ' Works ' (1SS2).

Arcadia, The Conntess of Pem-
Taroke's. From this romance by Sir Philip
Sidney, "J. S." took his ' Andromana' (g.r.),
Shirley his 'Arcadia' {q.v.), Glapthorne his
'Argalus and Parthenia' {q.v.), Beaumont
andFletcher their ' Cupid's Revenge' {q.v.),
and X. Morgan his 'Philoclea' {q.v.). "It
was from ' Arcadia ' that Shakespeare de-
rived the names of some of his characters,
■such as Leonte.i, Antigonus,Cleomenes, Archi-
darnus, and Jlojysa."

Arcadia. (1) A pastoral play by James
Shirley {q.v.), presented at Court (Fleav
thinks) in 1632, and printed in 1G40. The
plot is founded on Sir P. Sidney's ' Arcadia'
Iq.v.). " In this play," says Dyce, " the chief
incidents in Sidney's famous romance are not
unskilfully dramatized." Basilim, Gynecia,
Pamela, Philoclea, Pyrocles, Musidorus,
UiiarchitS, Mojjsa, Pamelas, all figure in the
piece. (2) An operetta, words" by E. L.
Blanchard (7.t).), performed at the'Greciau
Theatre in 1S43, with INIiss H. Coveney in
the cast.

Arcadian Pastoral (The). A musical
piece in five acts, by L.vdy Craven (:Margi-a-



vine of Anspach), performed privately at the
Duke of Queensberry's, BurUngton Gardens,
in 17S2.

Arcadian Virg-in (The). A play by
William Haughion (q.v.) and Henry
Chettle {q.v.), acted in 1599.

Arcanes. Friend of Cassilane (q.v.), in
Beaumont and Fletcher's 'Laws of
Candy' {q.v.).

Archas. General of the Muscovites, in
Beaumont and Fletcher's ' Loyal Sub-
ject' (g.u.).

Archer. Actor, a native of Edinburgh,
who made his first appearance on the stage
at Dublin in 17S6, and his London debut
(after experience on the Scottish and Eng-
lish provincial stage) at Drury Lane in 1797,
as Shylock. See the ' Thespian Dictionary '
(1S05).

Archer, Francis. One of the beaux in
Farquhar's ' Beaux' Stratagem ' {q.v.), the
other being Viscount Aimivell {q.v.).

Archer, Frank. Actor, born at Wel-
lington, Shropshire : made his professional
debut at Nottingham, and, after engage-
ments at Manchester and Liverpool, first
appeared in London at tlie Prince of Wales's
Theatre in ]May. 1S72, as Dudley Smooth in
' Money.' He has played the following
" original" parts : — Julian Gray in CoUins's
' New :Magdalen,' Wilfred Gordon in Byron's
'Wrinkles,' Burchell in Wills's 'Olivia,'
Mephistopheles in Gilbert's ' Gretchen,' St.
Cyr in Lee's 'Branded,' CAorZes Wolverley
in W. Marston's 'Under Y'lre,' Sir Baldicin
Calvert in H. A. Jones's ' Hard Hit,' and
Algernon Beltravers in ' Christina.' His
other principal roles have been : Poli-
ccenes in 'The Winter's Tale' (Manchester,
1S69), Ajyemantus in ' Timon of Athens'
(Manchester, 1S71), Antonio in ' The Mer-
chant of Venice' (Manchester, 1S71), Clau-
dius in ' Hamlet ' (Crystal Palace, 1873), Lord
Ptarmigant in Robertson's ' Society ' (Prince
of Wales's Theatre, London, 1874)) Vane in
Reade's ' Masks and Faces ' (same theatre,
1875), Prince PerovsJnj in Robertson's 'Ours*
(same theatre, 1876), Dul-e de Gonzagues in
' Duke's Device ' (Olvmpic Theatre, London,
1876), Hamlet (Edinburgh, 1877), Count de
Liniere in The Two Oi-phans' (Olympic
Theatre, London, 1S7S), Joseph Surface in
'The School for Scandal' (Vaudeville The-
atre, London, 1SS2), Faulkland in 'The
Rivals' (same theatre. 18S2), Beauscant in
'The Lady of Lyons' (Lyceum Theatre,
London, 1SS3), Sir Geoffrey in ' Our Boys '
(Strand Theatre, London, 1SS4), and Fou'chi
in 'Secret Service' (Her Majesty's Theatre,
London. 1SS5). He is the author of a volume
entitled ' How to Write a Good Play' (1892).

Archer, John. Actor, bom in London,
1835 ; made his professional debut in 1849 ;
pei-formed for some years in the British
provinces, notably at Etlinburgh (1868) ; and
afterAvards became a member of the London
Lyceum company.



ARCHER



ARDEN OF FEVERSHAM



Arclier, Thomas. Actor and dramatist,
bom at Bath, 1789 ; died 1848 ; the son of
a watchmaker, and trained at Bath and Bir-
mingham ; made his debut at Drury Lane in
1823 as the King in ' 1 King Henry IV.' He
first appeared in America in 1827 at the
Bowery, New York, and opened Arch Street
Theatre, Philadelphia (with Maywood and
Walton) in 1830. He was afterwards a mem-
ber of ISIiss Smithson's English company at
Paris. After touring with his own troupe
in Belgium and Germany, he returned to
Drury Lane, appearing there in 1839, and at
Covent Gai'den in 1845. He was the original
of Opimius in Knowles's ' Caius Gracchus '
(1823), and of Gesler in the same -wi-iter's

• William Tell ' (1825). Among his other roles
were those of Polixenes, Bassanio, Claudio
('Measure for Measure'), Gloster ('Jane
Shore '), Harry Thunder (' Wild Oats '), and
Appius Claudius (' Virginius '). He was the
author of ' Asmodeus ; or, The Little Devil's
Share' (q.v.), 'Blood Royal' (q.v.), 'The
Black Doctor' (5-.?;.), 'The Daughter of the
Regiment ' (q.v.), ' Don Caesar de Bazan '
(q.v.), 'The Inundation' (q.v.), 'The King's
Ransom' (q.v.), 'Marguerite's Colours' (7. v.),
'Red Cap' (q.v.), 'Three Red Men' (q.v.),
and other pieces. Edward Stirling tells this
story of Archer: "Playing Ai)pius Clau-
dius in ' Virginius,' with his usual careless-
ness, seated in the forum, a book placed
under one of the gas-burners at the Aviiig
enabling him to read, one of his companions
wickedly turned the book upside down.
Archer 'began with sonorous declamation
addressing the assembled Roman people,
faltered for a word, cast his eyes on the
book, and perceived at once the joke that
had been perpetrated. A long pause en-
sued. Ap})ius Claudius had vanished from
his memory. Cato came to the rescue. De-
liberately he recited to the astonished
plebeians Cato's celebrated soliloquy, com-
mencing 'It must be so— Plato, thou
reasonest well,' to the end of the speech :
' I'm weary of conjectures ; this must end
'em; Lictors, follow me. Claudius [his
client], I'll hear more of this case to-
moiTow' (strutting off the stage pompously
in Roman fashion)." See Genest's ' History
of the Stage' (1832), 'Theatrical Times''
(1847), and Stirling's ' Drury Lane ' (1881).

Archer, Mrs. Thomas. American
actress ; a member of the company at the
Park Theatre, New York, in 1834. She
played Adrian in 'Rienzi' at Boston in
1829, Laertes at Baltimore in 1831.

Archer, "William, author and jour-
nalist, born 1856, has published (besides
magazine articles and prefaces to plays)

* English Analyses of the French Plays re-
presented at the Gaiety Theatre, London,
June and July, 1879, by the Coniedie Fran-
?aise ' (1879), ' English Dramatists of To-day '
(1SS2), ' Henry Irving, Actor and Manager '
(1883), ' About the Theatre,' essays and
studies (1886), ' :Masks or Faces? a Stndv in
the Psychology of Acting ' (1888), ' William
Charles Macready,' a memoir (1890), 'The
Theatrical "World"' (1893-97), and (with



R. W. Lowe) ' The Fashionable Tragedian '
(1877) ; has edited ' Henrik Ibsen's Prose
Dramas,' translated into English by himself
and others (1890-91) ; has translated Ibsen's
'When We Dead Awaken' (1903); is part-
author of translations of Ibsen's ' Peer
Gynt ' (q.v.) and ' The Master-Builder ' (q.v.) ;
has adapted Ibsen's ' Pillars of Society '
[see Quicksands) ; has translated Edward
Brandes' 'A Visit' (q.v.)\ was theatrical
critic of the London Figaro from ^lay, 1879,
to October, 1881, and has written the dra-
matic notices of the World since March, 1884.

Archers (The); or, The Moun-
taineers of Switzerland. An opera in
three acts, founded by W. Dunlap (q.v.)
on the play called ' Helvetic Liberty ' (q.v.) ;
performed and printed at New York in 1796 ;
also called ' William Tell ; or. The Archers."

Archie Lovell . A drama in four acts,
adapted by F. C. Burnaxd (q.v.) from the
novel of the same name by 3Irs. Edwardes,
and first performed at the Royalty Theatre,
London, on May 16, 1874, with':Miss H. Hod-
son a9 the heroine, Miss E. Thorne, Miss
Maggie Brennan, G. Rignold, and T. B.
Bannister in the cast.



Online LibraryWilliam Davenport AdamsA dictionary of the drama; a guide to the plays, play-wrights, players, and playhouses of the United Kingdom and America, from the earliest times to the present → online text (page 16 of 139)