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William Davis.

An olio of bibliographical and literary anecdotes and memoranda, original and selected online

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/B E R K E I E Y

LIBRARY

UNIVERSITY OF
V CALIFORNIA



ft* fl

MB



AN

(DILIKD

OF

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL

AND

LITERARY

an& JWemorantta

ORIGINAL AND SELECTED.



BY

WILLIAM DAVIS.



A NEW EDITION,
With considerable Additions.



As 'tis a greater mystery in the Art
Of Painting to foreshorten any part
Than draw it out, so 'tis in Books the chief
Of all perfections to be plain and brief.
Bvtler.



LONDON:
PRINTED FOR W. DAVIS, BOOKSELLER,

At the Bedford Library,
Southampton Row, Russell Square.

1817.



PREFACE.



" If a man mutt wait till he can weave anecdotes int*
a system, we may be long in getting them, and get but
fen, in comparison of what we might get.' 1

DR. JOHNSON.

As it is the province of a good housewife to cater
according to the known tastes of the different guests
she expects at her Partner's table, so should it be the
aim of a judicious Compiler to select such materials as
will be most interesting to the majority of that class of
readers for whom his work is intended, or into whose
hands it is likeliest to fall ; these materials, when
selected, he may mould into what shape or form his
inclination or capacity may dictate or allow The
injudicious collector of Anecdotes, makes use promis-
cuously of any thing that falls in his way The Man of
Literary ability generally renders his materials subser-
vient to some particular object; but in doing this, is
often obliged, either to depart from the strict line of
his plan, by admitting circumstances which are not in
strict conformity with it, or to do violence to his own
inclination by omitting them entirely. The Author has



741



PREFACE.

endeavoured lo steer a middle course, and whilst
Bibliographical amusement has been his principal aim,
he has been studious of blending with it Literary infor-
mation ; and though the Veteran will easily recognize
many of the anecdotes and memoranda contained in
this little volume, yet if he encounter any circumstance
which may have escaped his researches, he will not, it
4s hoped, be fastidious, but please to recollect, that to
the Tyro, for whose use it is principally intended,
much of the information will be entirely novel, and
should he not meet with the original remarks he may
expect, the Compiler has only to reply in the words of
Dr. Franklin, that

" Vessels large may venture more,

* But little boats should keep near shore"

A very limited number of the present Edition havi ng
been printed, any corrections, amendments or addi-
tional anecdotes, will be thankfully received, and in
the event of a third Edition being ever called for,
respectfully attended to.

15, Southampton Ron> Russell Square.

'

E.'



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL

AND

LITERARY ANECDOTES.



J< >//' llur/d in (lie i/cars 1740,

.7;/.vo//, A\y. compiled
If, ,7. 4/o 1748.

MR. WAI.TI.R, Chaplain of the Centurion, ha|

-.(rally considered as the author of this
Work, by having his nanit- affixed as such to the
title .id has in conscfjiicnce received in

MS literary journals as \\rll foreign as domes-
tic, praise to which he is not justly entitled The

1'ithor was H( njaniin Ro!ins, the champion
of Newton's Fluxions, in opposition to Bishop
Berkeley's Analysis, and author of NYv, Prin-
ciples of Gunnery. Walter's manuscript, which
B



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

was at first intended to have been printed, being
little more than a transcript from the ship's jour-
nals ; Mr. Robins was recommended as a proper
person to revise it, and it was then determined
that the whole should be written by him, the
transcript of the journals, serving as materials
only; and what with the introduction and many
dissertations in the body of the Book, of which,
not the least hint had been given by Walter; he
extended the account, in his own peculiar style
and manner, to nearly twice its original size.

From the ensuing letter it appears that if Mr.
Robins had remained in England, he designed
to have composed a second part of the Voyage
round the World.

Dear Sir,

When I last saw you in Town, I forgot
to ask you, whether you intended to publish the
second volume of my Voyage before you leave ut t
which I confess! am very sorry for. If you
should have laid aside all thoughts of fa-
voring the world with more of your wwks, it



LITERARY ANECDOTES. 3

'i77 be much disappointed, and no one in it
more than

Your very much obliged.

humble Servant,

ANSON.

Bath, 22nd October, If 49.

If you can ttll the time of your departure, let
me know it.

Dr. Wilson relates that on Lord Anson's being
requested to permit that this testimony might be
exhibited to the world, of his Lordship's esteem
for Mr. Robins, he replied in the politest manner
" that every thing in his power was due to the
memory of one who hail deserved so well of the
Public."

At the period the preceding letter was written,
Mr. Robins was on the point of quitting England
for India, the East India Company having ap-
pointed him their Engineer-General, with a
settlement of ,500 per annum for life, on con*
dition that he continued in their service five yean,
B 2



4 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

but in September, 1750, he was attacked by a
fever, from which he recovered; about <
months after which, he fell into a languishing
condition and expired at Fort St. Davids, the
Qth of July, 1751, with his pen in his hand.



CLASSICS ad mum
The Delphin, or Dauphin editions of the Clas-
sics, 4to. forming a collection of between 60 and
70 volumes, were planned by the Duke of
Montausier; encouraged by Mons. Colbert, and
carried on by Huet, Bishop of Avranches; it is
the latter who chose the commentators that \vt-re
employed, and who himself complains of not
being able to find a sufficient number of. persons
equal to such a task.

The Pharsalia of Lucan is not in the scries,
and the omission is said to have been o<
by the fear of the ill effects, the principles con-
tained in that work might have on the mind of
the Dauphin.



LITERARY ANECDOTES* 5

Johnson, (Mr. Samuel) An humble and hearty
address to all the English Protestants in this
present army, 1686.

Johnson was tried at the King's Bench, and
found guilty of "writing and publishing this scan-
dalous and seditious libel against Government";
and sentenced to pay 500 marks to the king, to
stand three times in the pillory, and to be whipped
by the common hangman from Newgate to
Tyburn. Exclusive of this sentence, which wai
strictly enforced, he was degraded from the order
of Priesthood by Crew, Bishop of Durham,
Sprat, Bishop of Rochester, ad White, Bishop
of Peterborough; commissioners for the diocese
of London, (the Bishop being then under a
suspension for refusing to obey the king's orders U
suspend Dr. Sharp for preaching against popery)
but his degradation was not complete, owing to
the omission of not stripping him of his cassock,
which omission afterwards saved him his benefice.
The judgment of the Court of King's Bench,
was subsequently in 1689, declared illegal and
B3



fl BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

cruel, and a bill ordered to be brought in by u
committee of the House of Commons t
the said judgment; and two addresses were pre-
sented on bebalf of Johnson to the king, who
gave him s300 a year out of the post oirice, for
his own and his son's life, besides 100(> in
money, and likewise bestowed a place of about
,100 a year on his son,

Mrs. Macaulay's Loose Thought*.

Mrs. Macaulay having published, what
called loose thoughts, Mr. Carrie k was asked it'
he did not think it a strange liile for a lady to
choose? "By no means", replied he, "the sooner
a woman gets rid of such thoughts thebel

Errata.

Beneath the word Finis, at the end of some
rery stupid book, a wit added the following
pointed couplet :

Finis ! an error 9 or a lie, my friend !
In writing foolish books there is ;/ end.



LITERARY ANECDOTES. 7

Er;

Scarron composed .some verses, to \\hich lit
l\edthe follov. ii : J.(inUlc:

wede met&Ur; but luiving a quarrel with
isler, In og liu- errata, and

a ur, road ma chlcnne
. nr.

The >n <>t the Pecline and

l ; nll of the Ko.iian Min.p in (juaiio, and

as the volumes appear. -d singly, (.Mbl;on used to
take them to I, t- the Duke of Cuiniu-rland.

ird to him <nr day, t-ialrd \\itli
pride at the delightful otli iinauining as

he went, what iiaudsuine things the duk
would say to !::in, what a i it must

have been to the historian, when the duke, in
his usual rough manner exelaimed, "Whftt? ah!
another d d big square book, eh !

Dr. Johnson.
After one of the Doctor'f Publications,



$ BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

Jas. Boswell, his biographer, on the first of the
ensuing month, repaired, according to custom, to
the lodgings of his idol, with the several magazines
of the day, in order to read the strictures which
were given on his performance. After perusing
two or three criticisms, which were not of the
most civil kind, the petulance of the Doctor got
the better of his good sense, and he exclaimed
peevishly, "Enough, enough, sir, now you have
taken infinite pains to bring an account of what
is thought of me individually ; give me leare to
ask what you imagine the world says of you and
me conjointly," "Upon my word, Doctor, I
cannot pretend to say," answered Jemmy. "Why
then I'll tell you", continued the Doctor, "They
say that I am a mad dog, sir, and that you are
the tin cannister tied to my tail."

The Whole Duty of Man.

Sterne, Arcbishop of York has been the gene-
erally reputed author of the "Whole Duty of
Man ;" but a MS in Dr. Birch's collection



M'l" -DOTF.S. f)

in the "Biitis!: :issijrnisr4

18,

"Mr. Tho>.. ; of \V(rksoj>, in

<>\, \V.T!)<>;

"Mrs. C . iait-

"iiill,

N .

"At S! nic up into

"her cli ' mt 1 that

"hci r, of !>

"Aiiionu . the. pii\

"of

* 4 1\

"having written tl.



10 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

"the same author, except the Decay of Christian
"Piety" She added too, that it had been pe
"rused in manuscript by Dr. Covel, master of
"Trinity College, Cambridge; Dr. Stamford,
'Prebendary of York, and Mr. Banks, Rector
of the great Church at Hull". Mr. Cauhon
"declared this upon his death bed, two days before
"his decease.

W. T.
J. II .

To William Chappell, Bishop of Cork arid Ross
in Ireland, to Archbishop Frewin, and also to
William Fulman, a native of Penshurst, iu
Kent, the authorship of this work has been
attributed, but to the latter not a shadow of
claim belongs, for in the preface to the folio
edition of the works of the author of the
Whole Duty of Man, 1648, it is mentioned
that the author was then dead, whereas Fulman
lived till 1688.



LITERARY ANECDOTES. 11

for P/V/s or the Hook Fi*h, containing three
Treaties tchich were found in the belly of a Cod
Fish in Cambridge-Mark**, on Mid*ummer-eve
last. Sto. 1626

R(obert) B(urton in his Admirable Curiosities,
relates the followirg remarkable circumstance*
relative to this re-publication.

" Upon Midsumnur's-eve 1626, a Cod- Fish
was brought to the market in Cambridge, and
there cut up for sale, and in the maw thereof was
found a book in twelves, bound up in Canvas,
containing several treatises of Mr John Frith's
this Fish was caught upon the Coasts of Liu called
Lindress, by one VVm. Skinner; the fish being
cut open, the garbage was thrown by, which*
woman looking upon espied the canvas, and taking
it out, found the book wrapped up in it, which
was much soiled, and covered over with a kind
of shni and congealed matter; this was looked
upon with great admiration, and by Benjamin
Prime, the Bachelor's beadle, who was present
at the openning of the fish, was carried to the
vice-chancellor, who took special notice of it,



12 BIPLKH ', I. AM

examining the particulars before mentioned.
The {eaves of the book were cart fully op.
and cleansed; and the Treatises contained in it,
were, A preparation for J)et;th; the 'J'rc,
of Knowledge; a Minor, <>r Looking (>la
kfiozo themselves by, a br. ction to teach

ova Killing to die ami not to /'car D'
They \\ere all re- printed i" Title <f

"I ox Pise J^, or the .Book //.-/.," viih a ]>r<
in \\hieh it is attributed to 1'iuh, but \\ ood, in his
Athenae Oxoniensis, says that Richard Tracy was
the Author and that the "Preparation ^
iirst published at London in 1,)4(). Fuller in the
Worthies of England, is of the same opinion as
Wood with respect to the Author and talkir
the circumstance of finding the said Book, adds,
"The wits of the University made tl"
merry thereat ; one (Thomas Randolph) leaking a
long copy of verses thereon, whereof this ('ystick
I remember;

If fishes thus do bring us books, then w
May hope to equal Bodlye's library.'



LITERARY ANECDOTES.



A KEY to ''din/tal, or the Adventures of a Guinea"
4zW. 1768.

VOL. l

Commander of an English Capt.Powlett after



Man of War

100 Observe that Person

1 o 1 Important Places of State

1C5 The General had slept off



VOL. '2

4
50
55



57
58

60
78



tht- fumes

KnU'redher Graces Levee

Who sold o Kster-pipes

High Priest of the Conven-
ticle

Momus
Hunchback

Mrs. Brimstone's Mrs. Cole

The person

In my Ballad*

Finished all the Pamphlets

Parson of the Parish
C



wards Dk.of Bolton
Lord Chesterfield
Ld. Lt. of Ireland

Lord Ligonier

Ctss. of Yarmouth
Doctor Henzie

Whitfield

Foote
Squintum

Mother Douglas

Foote

Minor

Critical ScChristiar
Remarks on the
Minor

Archbishop of
Canterbury



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND



75 Direction of the Squire

80 Went directly to her Grace

98 My new Master

102 August person

104 Found a person waiting

108 A young Lady

138 Bulgaria

194 Apostate

Motions of the Army



King

Countess of Hun
tingdon

Mr. Pitt
Gco. II.
General Wolfe

Miss Lowthcr a1
terwards Dutches
of Bolton

Prussia
Arch d . Bower
Battle of Minden



VOL.3



Page S He immediately camt to a Lord H. Powle
right understanding

3 A mighty Fleet



5 He was lolling in a listUss
manner

7 Who had been guilty of the
unpardonable &c.

12 When th Officer nexttohim
17 Said my Maiter to the
General



Expedition again!
the Havannah

Sir G. Pocock
Admiral Knowles

Admiral Keppell
Lord Albermarle



LITERARY ANECDOTES.



15



21
29

34



44



In my Patron's time

la so advantageous a light to

one
Though the Captain of thr

Ship (Here the set ne is

carried back to the Ha-

vannnli)
A Youth who had made



120 The Parson of the Parish
.122 Gave m to an Admiral

127 To wait upon the General

Of making regular Sieges

128 Yes, interrupted an Officer
130 Impatient to see hii Brother
138 That a person to vhom he

could not properly &c.

170 Execution of the Com-
mander

172 And relieve a Fortresi

173 Another Fortress

173 Commanding Officer

1 78 Thoie in power



D. of Cumberland
Chas. Townshend

Capt. Campbell



(The whole of this
story seems a Work
of Imagination.)

Bishop of Derry

Admiral Matthews

The Character is
here changed to
Lord Howe

Lord Loudon
Lord Charlet Hay
late Lord Howe

Sir Win. Johnson

Admiral Byng
Minorca
Gibraltar
General Fawke

Mr. Fox, Secre-
tary of state



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND



179 As flagrant a case as his

180 By another set

Precipitately plunged them-
selves

181 The Officer who command-

ed

184 Orders of his Captain

185 One of those

186 The Little Gentleman

190 My master proceeded to

figure

191 A superficial smattering of

letters

A Tradesman
195 But the Managers
220 My master arrived in London

232 A person of a flighty ima-

gination

233 He erected a building

$38 Another candidate advanced

S39 The person who had that
day



Admiral Lostock'
Mr. Pitt

Captures before tli
Declaration of wa

General Blakenej

Capt. Hamilton
Lord Colvill

Mr. Pratt, after-
wards Lord Can
den

Dr. Hill

Mr. Fitz Patrick

Mr. Bourke

Garrick & Bear
Lord Or ford
Sir F. Dashwood
Lord le De.speiisei

Medenham Abbe
Mr. Wilkeg

Ditto



LITERARY ANECDOTfeS 31

277 Given to a German Prince Ferdinand

A Commander of their own late D. of Marl-
borough



The Author of Chrysal, was Chas. Johnston, an Irishmam
of considerable abilities; by profession a Lawyer, but owing
to deafness he derived very little emolument from it, and in
consequence embarked for Bengal in 1782 where he turned
his abilities to better account, became joint proprietor of one
of the Bengal Papers, and by building speculations in a few
years acquired considerable property, which he lived to enjoy
till about the year 1800. The two first volumes of Chrysal
were written for amusement during a visit at the late Lord
Mt. Edgecumbe's in Devonshire, the unprecedented demand
for which induced Johnston to extend his work to 4 volumes'
To Lord Mt. Edgcumbe, he presented a key to the characters
delineated, as also to Capt. Mears. The author's intention
was to draw general characters, therefore, in the application
of the Key, the reader must exercise his own judgement in
distinguishing the real from the fictitious actions of th diffe-
rent personages.



&% BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

Johnson's Dictionary.

Johnson, who received .1,575 for compiling
this work had almost exhausted the patience of
the Booksellers by whom he was employed and
was frequently urged to complete his engagement
Andrew Millar, who had the principal charge
of conducting the publication, could not forbear
acknowledging the receipt of the last sheet of
the Manuscript in the following terms.

Andrew Millar sends his compliments to
Mr. Saml. Johnton, with the money for the lust
sheet of the Copy of the Dictionary y and thank*
G*d ht has done with him. "

To which Johnson returned this brief answer.

Saml. Johnson returns his compliments to
Mr* Andrew Millar, and is vert/ glad to find
(as he doe* by his note)that Andrew Millar has
the grace to thank God for any thing. "

Boswell differs with Sir John Hawkins in his
relation of this anecdote, by denying any letters
to have passed between Johnson and Millar, but
the anecdote being the same in substance, 1 have
preferred giving it in Sir John's own words.



LITERARY ANECDOTES. 23



/r> Jccottnl of DC/I mm k.

When Lord MoK swortlfs Account of Den-
mark was iirst published, the- Danish Ambassa-
dor complained to the Khi of the freedoms the
Author had taken \\itli hi* master's government;
ai.d hinted, that if one of hi< Danish Majesty's
subjects had taken the like liberties \vith the King
of England, he would, upon complaint, have ta-
ke:] off the author's head. il That, I cannot do,"
replied the Kin.ir. " But, if yon please, I will tell
him \\hat you say, and he shall put it in the next
edition of his book.



Mfii de Montaigne, 4tn, Paris, 17
Published by Gueullette and Jamet Taine.

Barbier, in his Dictionnaire des Livres ano-
nymes, torn 1, page 251, says, that according
to a note of M. Jamet, the younger, at the
beginning of the copy formerly belonging to him,
M. Coste preferred this edition to that of London
\\hich had been published by himself.



24 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

Gage's Survey of the West Indies.
Gage's Survey of the West Indies went through
two folio editions, the latter in 1()57, consisting
of 22 Chapters, and a Dedication prefixed to Sir
Thos. Fairfax, Lord Fairfax of Cameron. In
170 ( 2(and perhaps before) an octavo edition of
this work was published, in which the dedication
to Lord Fairfax was turned into a preface to the
Reader, and the whole twenty second chapter
omitted.* In the former, such passages as did
honour and credit to this Nobleman are expunged
and the rest accomodated to the style of an address
to readers in general. But the twenty-second
chapter, containing an account of the author's con-
versation, with several particulars concerning the
hopes the Papalins had of Laud's favourable
intention towards them, not being so capable of
transmutation as the epistle at the beginning, waj
wholly left out.



*In 1^77 the third edition \va published, in 8vo,
with the Preface as above-mentioned, and the 22nd-
Ciiaptcr entirely omitted..



LITERARY ANECDOTES. 17

49 He also built a church Ili^h VVycombe

Church

2.3(1 Sits the >up< rior Sir F. Dasiiwood

7 He hud a distant relation Late Lord VVest-

n&ortland

<2^3 A share of their power .reliorship of

the Exchequer

202 Shrine of a contested

saint Abbe Pa i is

272 You see one Lord Melcombe

274 This man who had thorough-
ly Dr. Thompson

VOL 4

Page 4 Old Dowager . Horncr

5 Pitched upon a near relation Lori llehester

9 Acquaintance with a Noble- late Duke of Rich-
man mond
12 First personages D. of Cumberland

18 Profitable employment Commissary of

Musters

19 Recourse to means Forging a Lease
23 An essential part Geril. of the Army

for Life

t4 But more profit Paymaster of the

Army



18



BIBLIOGBAPHICAL AND



25 Those events

26 Perfidy of one

28 Possession of the same per-

son

- A person of distinguished

learning

29 An only daughter

46 A lady whom he addressed
50 Debilitated debauchees
56 One of her admirers

f>7 A brother of the person
69 A near relation

71 His success with one
95 Crowned head
My new master

136 Of the author

163 The most intimate acquain-
tance

166 Political pamphlet

1 75 The gentleman whom he
went to wait upon



Death of Geo. II.
Mr. Caicraft

Lord Sandwich

Dr. Sum

Niece

Lady Mansrl

Sir E. Mansel

Gcnl. Geo. Bos-



Mr. Burgh
Capt. Wheeler ol

the Isis

Miss Stephenson
Flcur de Lys
Mr. Prestagi tht

Auctioneer
Churchill

Mr. Wilkes
North Briton

Lord Temple




LITERARY ANECDOTES.



190
191

197

200

*01
203

S04



To a magistrate
His judges

Certain immunities
Integrity of the Magistrate
Former



Attack upon the Minister

A countryman of the Minis-
ters

A person was involved

An able and upright magis-
trate

A clergyman

His guest who came punc-
tually

Assistance of one of the lat-
ter

Of such a patron as yours



Lord Hallifax
Lord Hallifax and
Kiiivmont

Privilege of Parlia-
ment

Ld. chief justice
Pratt

^oi Dr. Henry
Shebbahe, tak-n
upon Genl. War-
rants v\hen Mr.
Pratt was attorney
General
Lord Bute

Capt. Forbes
Mr. Martin

Lord Ch. J. Pratt
Mr. Kedgell

Doctor Douglass

Mr. Leach, Printer
Lord Bute






BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND



205 Leading a Bear



- . That impostor

20? Tearing off the veil

208 Two silly impostors

211 I have something to shew \ mi

Which the gentleman we
have been talking

218 The honor of one of them

220 One of his Tradesmen

VOL 4

Page 223 That a positive Law

227 By a gentleman of his ac-
quaintance

250 A lady of large fortune

256 Possession of my new master

271 Given to a Briton

76 Giving up the Countries



Travelling as tutor
to Lord Pultrwy

Mr. A. Hamilton
Bower

\Vriting the His-
tory of the Popes

Lauder and Eli/h.
Canning

on Women



Mr. Wilkrs

Bp. of Gloucester
A Bookseller

Marriage Act

Ld. Deloraine
Hon. Mrs. Knight

Sr. Charles Coote
K. B.

D. of Cumberland

Convention of
Closterhovcu



UTT.KAllY ANECDOTES. t5

!iui respecting Sterne, and his Valet
La Fleur.

However much pleasure we receive in the
t ontemplation of an interesting and well drawn
character by the hand of a master, we never fail
to derive additional gratification from a know-
ledge that the original exists ; to the admirers
thrreibre, of Sterne's writings, the following ac-
count of La Fhnir, collected from himslf whilst
in London about the year 1791 and published at
that period, in one of the daily papers, cannot
I think, lull of being acceptable, especially when
compressed into a more connected narrative than
the original, which abounds \\ith cxtiuueous
remarks.

La Flerir was born in Burgundy: when a
mere child he conceived a strong passion to see
the world, and at eight years of age ran away
from ins parents. 1 1 is preven-.mcy was always his
passport and his wants \\erc easily- supplied-
milk, bread, and a straw bed amongst <h j pea-
santry, were all he want* i for the night, and in the
D



$6 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND

morning he wished to be on his way again. This
rambling life he continued till he attained his
tenth year, when being one day on the Pont N euf
at Paris, surveying with wonder, the objects that
surrounded him, he was accosted by a Drummer,
who easily enlisted him in the service. For Six
years La Fleur beat his Drum in the French
Army; two years more would liu\e entitled him
to his discharge, but he preferred anticipation, and
exchanging dress with a Peasant easily made
his escape. By having recburse to his old expe-


1 3 4 5 6

Online LibraryWilliam DavisAn olio of bibliographical and literary anecdotes and memoranda, original and selected → online text (page 1 of 6)