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liberty. She could scarcely conceal her displeasure till the
fascinating manner and conversation of the stately old laird
rivetted all her attention, and even called forth her reluctant
admiration. An excellent woman in many ways, Miss Phemie
was perhaps somewhat wanting in suavity, and apt to be a little
bitter at times.

In a lovely spot not far from Murrayshall, and on the same
estate, there had once stood an old Episcopalian chapel; but
when half in ruins it had been pulled down by the laird of

P . Some of the stones were even taken to build a wall

or cottage. To this, in Miss Phemie's eyes, most sacrilegious
act, was it owing, as a judgment from heaven, that the eldest
son of the man by whose orders the consecrated building had
been removed, was left childless, and the broad lands of P
were destined to pass to the younger branch of the family ;
while the humbler folks who had made use of the sacred stones
never, according to Miss Phemie, throve afterwards.

Near where the old chapel had stood was a humble farm-
house, the tenant of which once invited the ladies of Murrays-
hall, and the young people residing with them, to drink tea.
Among the young people were some English nieces, who, under
the protection of their mother, a clever, strict, and somewhat
formal matron, accompanied their Scotch cousins to the rural
merry-making. After a ceremonious meal, at which ample
justice was done to the fresh-baked cookies and well-buttered
flour scones which graced the board, a certain stiffness, which
had hitherto prevailed, wore off the sound of a violin was
heard, and the young folks were invited to a dance. As they
flew with spirit through the intricate Scotch reel, the host,
seeing the Southern lady sitting alone, looking less severe and
unbending as she watched the pleased faces around her, sud-
denly walked up to her and offered himself as a partner for the
next dance. On her civil but very decided refusal, he said,
" I beg pardon, mem, for maybe ye dinna approve o' promiscu-
ous dancing among the sexes."

Of a winter's evening, when the family were gathered round



240 OLD STIRLING.

the fire, whose cheery crackle, with the ticking of the clock
and the soughing of the wind were the only sounds heard, one
of the Murrayshall ladies in a low clear voice would relate to
a youthful audience some of her Jacobite reminiscences. The
mother of the sisters was a Haldane a scion of the Lanrick
family, so long devoted to the House of Stuart. After the '45,
when the Duke of Cumberland quartered a body of his soldiers
at Lanrick, the ladies of the family were restricted to certain
rooms, while, in the corridor without, a sentinel kept guard.
It was a period of grave danger and trouble the fugitive Lan-
rick gentlemen were in hiding in the neighbourhood. One
day, Miss Janet Haldane, the laird's sister, went to walk in
the grounds with some of her young people, leaving her little
niece Cissy in the house. As Miss Janet on her return passed
the soldier in the corridor, he said to her in a low voice, with-
out changing a muscle of his countenance or seeming to address
her, " Do not let the child be left alone again. Had she shown
to another what she has shown to me, it would have brought
you into trouble."

On questioning the child, she told her aunt with great glee
how she had asked the soldier into their bedroom that she
might show him their funny store-cupboard. Then lifting up
the valance of the oaken bedstead she called his attention to
a number of cheeses which were stowed there provender that
was to be conveyed gradually at night by trusty hands to the
men of the family in their place of concealment.

A brother of the three sisters, at that time a little boy, made
friends with the Duke's officer who was in charge of Lanrick.

William W had a handsome silver fork and spoon which

had been given him by his godfather. He showed it with

childish pride to Captain , who admired it so much that,

in spite of the boy's indignant grief, he appropriated it, think-
ing himself, no doubt, quite entitled to Jacobite spoils. Years

after, when William W was a merchant in London, he

overheard an old, red-faced military man talking pompously,
at a large dinner party, of the Scotch campaign, and mentioning
the fork and spoon episode as having heard it from another
person, who evidently considered the whole affair a good joke.
William W got up, crossed over to the officer, and present-



JACOBITICAL. 241

ing his card, said quietly : " You are the man, sir, and I am
the boy."

It was dark and late one night when the Lanrick and Annet
men met in conclave at the neighbouring manor house of
Annet. Suddenly they were disturbed. There was loud
knocking at the door. A troop of soldiers occupied the court-
yard, and an English officer demanded entrance in King
George's name.

The Jacobites had little time for thought. Escape at the
moment seemed impossible. The lights were extinguished,
however, and the conspirators quietly ensconsed themselves
behind a row of long greatcoats and cloaks hanging from pegs
in a deep recess caused by a turn of the staircase. Miss Peggy
Stuart, the elder daughter of the house, told her sister Annie
to keep quiet in the parlour upstairs, and not stir on any
account whatever happened. Peggy, waving back the ser-'
vants, then opened the door herself, and informing the officer
there were only " lone women " at home, begged he would leave
his men outside and come and search the house himself.

Major courteously granted her request, apologising for

intruding at such an untimely hour. Peggy led him upstairs,
telling him the steps were worn and bad, and begging him to
be careful how he advanced. At the turn of the staircase she
redoubled her attention, holding the candle very low, so that
the steps might be more distinctly seen. The cloaks, the great-
coats, and the hidden men were left behind, the officer again
apologising for the trouble he gave. After ascending a few
more steps Pfiggy stumbled, gave a loud shriek, the candle-
stick fell from her hand, and they were left in utter darkness.
"Bring a light, Annie; for heaven's sake bring a light!" and
Peggy groaned as if in agony. " Why don't you bring a light,
Annie?" she exclaimed again. And then, explaining to Major
that her sister was deaf, she directed him to the parlour
on the upper landing, whence he soon emerged, followed by
Annie with a lamp in her hand. The officer and Annie assisted
Peggy to the parlour sofa, where she bitterly bemoaned her
sprained ankle, and acted an effective little fainting scene.
After due attention and condolence, the Major, conducted by
Annie, made diligent but fruitless search all over the house.

Q



242



OLD STIRLING.



By this time, indeed, the Jacobite gentlemen had fully availed
themselves of Miss Peggy's diversion in their favour and had
escaped by the back window. Quickly they put the wild muir
and the Tod's Glen between them and the house of Annet.

Miss Lily was in her ninety-third year when she was taken
away in 1829. After her death there was a great sale of the
antique furniture and household treasures of Murray shall. The
craggy furze-clad rocks and the Scotch fir-trees seemed to cast
a deeper shadow on the old house from that dreary morning,
long years ago, when the last of the Jacobite ladies was carried
forth to her last resting-place in the churchyard of St. Ninians.




STIRLING AND ROUND ABOUT. 243



STIRLING AND ROUND ABOUT.



IN perusing the items which go to make up this section,
the reader may be of opinion that the connection of
some of them with Stirling is very remote, while others
have no bearing whatever on the town or its associa-
tions. We have, however, deemed them of sufficient interest
as to merit a place in these pages, all the more so by reason of
the close and intimate relations which have subsisted between
the City of the Rock and the immediate neighbourhood.
Several of the items have been obtained while the preceding
pages were being printed : hence the reason for their not
appearing under their proper headings.

Shop Hours.

In 1837, owing to the refusal of one merchant, the shop-
keepers were kept from closing their shops at 9 o'clock at
night, as was generally desired.

In March, 1854, the grocers of the town began closing their
premises at 10 o'clock on Saturday nights, instead of 12.

Plate= Glass Windows.

About 1845 large plate-glass windows began to be introduced
into Stirling, among the first being those of Mr William
Graham, ironmonger, King Street, which cost 35, Mr
Wright's, Port Street, costing 30 each.



244 OLD STIRLING.



Prices of Provisions.

In November, 1842, the Co-Operative Store sold fresh boiling
beef at 4d. per lb., and steak at 4^d. and 5d. In July of that
year the fishmongers in town were selling grilse at 4d. and
trout at 3d. per lb.

In May, 1857, an octogenarian told in the Stirling Corn
Exchange that fifty years before, for a boll of meal he had
paid 8, which they were then selling at 26s.

At the election of a member of Parliament for the county,
in 1837, the prices of poultry and mutton were Game cocks,
6 ; geese, per pair, 12 ; black sheep, 20.



A Successful Preacher at Airth.

In September, 1854, a townsman went down to Airth on a
Sabbath, and so preached on the duty of the bakers that a
penny was taken off the loaf on the Monday. The honest
people were so pleased with his effective oration, that they
asked if he would go back the next Sabbath.



His Twopence = Worth.

On New Year's day, 1852, a well-known worthy was observed
coming along Port Street carrying his better-half on his back.
On observing a number of country lads distributing " sweeties "
among the objects of their affection, he shouted out, "Here,
callants, this is my twopence-worth."



Blythe Meat, Blythe Cake, Christening
Cake.

The giving of this is an old custom, still, we believe, practised
by a few people. On the Sabbath an infant was taken to
church for baptism, a parcel was made up, containing fancy



STIRLING AND ROUND ABOUT. 246

bread in some cases, but more generally bread and cheese,
which was offered to the first adult person met on emerging
from the house. It was usual for the receiver to turn and
accompany the mother and child to the church door, when
enquiries were made, and wishes expressed for the infant's
health and welfare.



Origin of the Celebrity of Stirling Small
Beer, commonly called *' Pundy."

In days of yore, when the celebrated George Buchanan,
preceptor to James VI., lived in our town, he seems to have
been in the habit of visiting the house of a brewster wife, whose
ale did not at all please him. He knew, at the same time,
that the wife had a great confidence in him as a necromancer,
and, in order to chime in with her superstitious ideas, he
offered to put her in possession of a charm which would infall-
ibly produce good ale, and secure a large run to her house.
He then wrote a few Hebrew words upon a piece of paper, and,
folding it up curiously, committed it to her, with the injunction
to hold it in her left hand, opposite to her heart, when the
browst was in a certain state, and then to take her largest
ladle, and with it take out three fills of the water then in the
boiler, which she was to throw over her left shoulder, and
then to replace that with three fills of the ladle of good malt.
This recipe being attended to, the house became largely
frequented.



A Dry Crack.

The Rev. Mr S was in the habit of making a " running

call " on any of his members whose shop he happened to be

passing. One day he called at the shop of Mr L , near the

top of the town, who sold a dram. Mr L had noticed his

approach, and had just time to " pop " his hand up under-



246 OLD STIRLING.

in-nth his coat-tail. Mr S remained longer than Mr L

expected, and his hand becoming weary through holding it so
long at his back, as a last resort he asked the minister if he
would not step into the back shop for a little ; there was only

Bailie S there, who had called in to have a "dry crack."

No sooner had the minister entered the little room than Mr
L found time to remove his hand from its uncomfortable
position, and with it a "filled gill stoup."



"Tennant's Best."

A man named Tennant, who was, hanged in Broad Street,
was buried in the courtyard of the Old Jail, near the wall of a
brewery, on the other side of which was the well which supplied
the work. One day W C , now a well-known towns-
man, but then a little boy, was passing the shop of Bailie Steel,
in Bow Street, when he was called in by the Bailie, and asked

to go up to Mr B , the brewer's, and get two bottles of ale,

and to be sure to ask for " Tennant's Best." Off goes Willie,

gets Mr B himself, and delivers his order. " Ay," says Mr

B , "and wha sent ye, Willie?" "Bailie Steel," says

Willie. " Oh ! I was thinking sae." Mr C says he then

got one of the frights of his life ; was out of the brewery, down
the street, and into his father's shop in Bow Street in a
" jiffy," and was ever after wary of any message he went,
especially for Bailie Steel.



"Orthodox Ale."

A strange circumstance occurred one Sabbath in a congrega-
tion a few miles from Stirling. A countrywoman was in the
habit of calling on Sundays at an ale-house for what she
termed a bottle of " orthodox ale." On the day in question
she called for her ale before the church assembled in the fore-
noon, and having put it into her pocket went off direct to
church. She had not been long there when the " orthodox
ale " began fizzing, and in a few minutes afterwards a report



STIRLING AND ROUND ABOUT. 247

like that of a musket proceeded from her pocket. The woman
bawled out, " Oh, mercy on me ; I fancy my side is riven." She
was immediately taken to the door, when she was found to
have sustained no injury excepting the loss of her bottle and
the " orthodox ale."



A Shrewd Magistrate.

While D P was tacksman of the Corn Exchange, the

late Bailie W - had a dispute with him regarding a sum
of twopence, which the Bailie considered an overcharge, and
refused to pay. As both were "positive," the matter was
brought before the sitting Magistrate, the late Bailie John
MacEwen, of the firm of D. & J. MacEwen, grocers. After all
the pros and cons were gone into, the Bailie, who considered
it a trifling affair, and who had had his eyes about him when
coming into Court, decided that as he had seen them coming
down James Burden's stair (next the Court House, and then
a much-frequented public-house) in company, they were just to
go back there and settle the matter themselves, which was
accordingly done.



The Earl of Menteith and the Town
Clerk.

Mr Finlayson, Town Clerk of Stirling in the latter part of the
eighteenth century, was noted for the marvellous in conver-
sation. He was on one occasion on a visit to the last Earl of
Menteith, in his Castle of Talla, and was about to take his
leave, when he was asked by the Earl whether he had seen
"the sailing cherry tree?" "No," said Finlayson, "what sort
of thing is it?" "It is," replied the Earl, "a tree that has
grown out of a goose's mouth from a stone the bird swallowed,
and which she bears about with her in her voyages round the
loch. It is now in full fruit of the most exquisite flavour.
Now, Finlayson," he added, " can you, with all your powers of



248 OLD STIRLING.

memory and fancy, match my story of the cherry tree ? "
" Perhaps I can," said i'inlayson, clearing his throat, and add-
ing, " When Oliver Cromwell was at Airth, one of his cannon
sent a ball to Stirling, which lodged in the mouth of a
trumpet which one of the men in the Castle was sounding in
defiance." "Was the trumpeter killed?" inquired the Earl.
" No, my lord," said Finlayson ; " he blew the ball back, and
killed the artilleryman who had fired it."



Writers' Offices.

Clerks in writers' offices have an easier place now than they
had forty or fifty years ago, when the hours were from 10 a.m.
to 8 p.m. True, the work from 3 till 7 was not very laborious,
but still the clerks had to be there, and many a prank and
piece of fun took place between those hours, some of the
offices being rather lax in the matter of discipline. We remem-
ber in the month of March, 1863 about the time of the Prince
of Wales' marriage standing with some of the clerks from an
office in Baker Street one afternoon, when we were startled by
a loud report, and in a moment, down the close and out to the
street ran a young clerk (now a well-known writer in town)
with his hands above his head, and immediately after him Mr
(" Dr ") Haldane, a well-known apothecary, who lived on the
flat above the office, crying, " Oh, you villain ! you villain !
you have nearly blown up the house!" The clerk, with another
now dead had been making " feezie-ozies " of gunpowder,
and burning them on the top of the desk, when the parcel of
powder a goodly quantity exploded, with the result that Mr
Haldane, who had just sat down to dinner, was, as he told us,
nearly lifted from the floor. No other mishap, however, took
place. What would a writer think now if, coming to his place
of business when not expected, he found his clerks busily
engaged with a " cock fight ? " This actually took place in
town.



STIRLING AND ROUND ABOUT. 249



Discrimination in Health Drinking.

At a dinner in 1837, given by the Incorporation of Weavers
in Stirling to John Dick, Esq., amongst the toasts of the even-
ing there was one which included the health of Lord Dalmeny,
representative of the burgh, and of Mr 'Forbes of Callendar,
representative of the county. When the chairman, as in duty
bound, proposed the joint healths as arranged by the com-
mittee, not one man in the meeting would drink the health
of Mr Forbes, and a strike took place. It, therefore, became
necessary for the chairman to propose the health of Lord Dal-
meny alone, which was received with deafening shouts of
applause.



An Incident of the Election of 1837.

Mr William Wilson, who was for some time landlord of the
Eagle Inn, was a firm supporter of Mr Forbes of Callendar,
and drove a number of electors to the polling-booth, amongst
them Mr William Thomson, farmer, Moss-side, Baimockburn,
grandfather of Mr Robert Thomson, butcher, Port Street.
On arriving at the toll-bar of St. Ninians, they found the gates
shut, and a mob prepared to keep them from proceeding fur-
ther. After a time Mr Thomson, alighting from the carriage,
made his escape but not without considerable ill-usage into
a house, and getting out by a window at the back, proceeded
to the polling-booth. " Sandy " Logan afterwards Sheriff of
Forfarshire a native of St. Ninians, seeing Mr Thomson in
Broad Street with his face all cut, remarked to him that his
hand had surely been very unsteady that morning while shav-
ing. Mr Wilson forced the toll-gates, but the horses were
much hurt. It was said that he got the pair from Mr Forbes
as a recompense for his exertions that day on his behalf.

Mr Wilson was severely hurt afterwards, near the top of
Baker Street, by a stone being thrown at his head from a
.window. He was driving the Rev. Mr Dempster of Denny to



250 OLD STIKLING.

Broad Street when the mob stopped the carriage and would
not allow it to proceed. Mr Dempster, nothing daunted,
alighted from the carriage and walked up to the booth, amidst
hooting and yelling. Arrived at the Court House, he turned
round, took off his hat, and thanked the crowd for their
convoy.



An Election Manifesto.

After the Parliamentary Election for the Burghs in 1852, the
non-electors published a statement of how the electors had
voted, for the purpose as stated hereafter.

We, the Stirling Non-Electors Committee, having an-
nounced to the inhabitants, a few days before the election for
the Stirling Burghs, that we hoped to be enabled to give to
the public, in a printed form, the names of the parties that
have recorded their votes for the different candidates on this
occasion, and having now been placed in a position to redeem
that pledge, we will state as briefly as possible our reasons for
doing so

1st We hold that, under the present existing state of the
franchise, a great bulk of the intelligent and industrious part
of the population of this country are unjustly deprived of their
inherent right to exercise the suffrage in sending members to
the Commons House 'of Parliament, while, at the same time
we are compelled to support the State by the payment of a
large quota of the general taxation ; and, as householders, we
bear proportionate share in the support of the parochial poor
and other local burdens.

2nd While advocating a further extension of the Franchise,
we deem it absolutely necessary that the ballot be included as
a principal part of any new Reform Bill ; as, under the present
existing circumstances, no true criterion can be formed of
public opinion, while the honest and conscientious electors are
subjected, at almost every election in this country, to gross
intimidation, corruption, and bribery.

3rd While strenuously giving our support to these neces-
sary measures of reform, we still uphold the principle that the



STIRLING AND ROUND ABOUT. 251

majority of the population, being non-electors, should know
how the electors have voted. And on the very best constituted
authority we are justified in giving the names of the electors
that have polled for the rejected candidate, Mr Miller, and
also for the successful member, Sir James Anderson. The late
Sir Robert Peel, Lord John Russell, and other statesmen have
repeatedly stated, as a reason for opposing the ballot, that the
non-electors have a right to know how the electors have used
their privilege, and for which candidate they have voted at an
election for a member of Parliament ; that important trust not
being held for themselves, as individuals alone, but for the
benefit of the whole community.

On such eminent authority as the above, a similar course
with that which has been resolved on carrying into effect here,
is now being followed out in several towns in Scotland, where
the names and antecedents of the electors who voted for both
the rejected and the successful candidates have been published.

Sir James Anderson in Stirling polled on the occasion in ques-
tion 147 votes, and Mr Miller 236, but Sir James was elected
through the votes of the other burghs. In the present year
(1898) there are alive the following gentlemen who voted for
Sir James Anderson Messrs J. G. Aitken, Snowdon Place ;
Wright Gumming, Melville Terrace ; Rev. Robert Frew, Mel-
ville Terrace ; Messrs William Graham, Victoria Square ;
William Gillespie, Wallace Street ; and Robert Marshall,
Wallace Street.

Of those who voted for Mr Miller there are Messrs Thomas
Binning, Edinburgh ; Archibald Ewing, St. Ninians ; T. L.
Galbraith, Town Clerk ; James Greenhorn, Wallace Street ;
John Mackison, late hairdresser ; Thomas Peacock, Albert
Place; and John Sawers, ex-Provost.

Of the 46 who did not vote there are none alive. Of the
voters for Sir James Anderson, 10 were sworn 011 the oath of
possession. On Mr Miller's side, 18 on oath of possession, 3
on oath of bribery, and 7 on oath of possession and bribery.



252 OLD STIRLING.



A Tight (Electioneering) Fit.

On the day of the Municipal Election in 1854, two legal
gentlemen went into the shop of a shirt dealer in Stirling.
An election paper, containing five names, was presented, and
the merchant was requested to append his signature. " And,"
said the elder of the two lawyers, " you may send me down
half-a-dozen shirts. How many," turning to the junior counsel,
"how many will you take?" "Oh, I'll just take one." The
seven shirts were sent to their respective destinations, when,
lo, it was found not one of them would go on. No fault could
be found with the transaction : it was one of quite crystalline
purity, but no gentleman moving in the circle that they did (at
least south of the district of Monteith) could think of wearing
canvas shirts.



A Reason for Shrinkage.

Amusing cases are occasionally heard at the Small Debt
Court. One, at the instance of a tailor, was for payment of
an account, one item being for making a pair of trousers.
The defender, when expatiating on the deficiency of the work,
&c., sprang up, and stretching himself, pulled up the tails of
his coat, showing both back and front, exclaiming, to the
no small amusement of the audience in Court, " I'll refer
to any tailor, or any person present, if these trousers are not
far too wide for me." The very ready agent for the pursuer


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