William Dugdale.

The antiquities of Warwickshire illustrated : from records, leiger-books, manuscripts, charters, evidences, tombes, and armes : beautified with maps, prospects, and portraictures online

. (page 1 of 184)
Online LibraryWilliam DugdaleThe antiquities of Warwickshire illustrated : from records, leiger-books, manuscripts, charters, evidences, tombes, and armes : beautified with maps, prospects, and portraictures → online text (page 1 of 184)
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THE



ANTIQUITIES

-OF

WARWICKSHIRE

ILLUSTRATED;

From Records , Leiger-Books , Ma-

jlufcripts , Charters , Evidences ,

Tombes , and Armes:

BEAUTIFIED

With Maps , Profpecis and Portraidures

- — . ■ •• 1

By WILLIAM VVgDALE.



MANTUAN,

QunBa aperk fecreta dies , ex tempore verum
J^afcitur, (^ veniens letas abfcondita f audit.





&



LONDON,

Printed by Thomas WVarren , in the year of our Lord
God , M. D C. LVI.



. T.^





TO MY HONOURED FRIENDS

- THEGENTRIEOF
W A \WI C K^-S H I %^E.

H AT all things perifti by Age and
time 3 or fome unhappy accidents , is
a thing not to be denied ; the confi-
deration whereof, hath not a little
incited me to the undertaking ofthis
prefenc work; which , after no fmall
coft and pains , being thus finifhed,
I offer unto you my Noble Coun-
triemen, as the moft proper Perfons^
to wlium ii cciu be ^leieiiicU, wiierein you will fee very much
of your worthy Anceftors , to whofe memory I have ere(5led
it , as a S\donumentall Tillar , and to (hew in what Honour
they lived in thofe flourifhing Ages paft.

in this kind , or not much different , have divers perfons
in Forrein parts 5 very learnedly written; fome whereof I have
noted in my Treface : And I could wifh that there were more
that would adventure in the like manner for the reft of the
Counties of this Nation , confidering how acceptable thofe
are , which others have already performed, though but brief-
ly ; vi^, the Ter ambulation of K^nt^ by <S\dr, Lambard : The
iturvey of Cormval! , by Afr, Carey q{ Anthonie : The T>efcri-
ption o{LeiceJlerJhie ^hv Adr. "Burton ; and the Antiquities o^
Canterbury^ by my fpeciall friend Air William Somner : To
which I may adde A fhort view oS. Staff or dfhire^^ Air. Sam f-
fon Erclfm\e(\3itc o[ Sandon in that Couatie)not yet publifht-
a Gentleman whofe memorie is very precious in thofe parts for
his great knowledge in Antiquities.

What I have faid of our VVarmcl^^fhire Families,is whil'ft

a 5 they



The Epijlle T>edicatorie.



they have been feated in the Countie; and, where I could,
pointing briefly at their extradions : for to have gone farther
would have been both improper , as out of my bounds , and
impoflible for me to effedt , as may well be deemed by thofc
that underftand what a taske it is to find out authorities for the
aflerting of no more than one Defcent. Gr. at is the commen-
dation that is juftly due to mod of you , for promoting this
publique work ^ by fo noble a freedom to me in the fight of
yourantient Charters and Evidences,which have afforded al-
fo many notable difcoveries in relation to others afwell as your
felves : Nor is it a little honour you deferve for that pious ,
though due refped:, (hewed to your dead Ancefi:ors3by repre-
fenting to the world a view of their Tonibes, and in fome fort
preferving thofe Monuments from that fate , which Time^ if
not contingent mifchief, might expofe them to.

But principally mud 1 acknowledge the fignall furthe-
rance , which this Work hath received by my much honou-
red Friend Sir Simon Archer Knight , a perfon indeed natural-
ly qualified with a great affedion to Antiquities, and with no
fmali pains and charge , a diligent Gatherer and preferver of
very many choice iviciiiw*r«xi|.*o ^ ^^A ^*u^r. mfifi^c _ -n^Vipr^nf i
have made fpeciall ufe , as almoA every page in the Book will

manifeft.

That this my endeavour will have a candid acceptance , I
no whit doubt ; my principall ayme having been , by fetting
before you the noble and eminent Aa:ions of your worthy
Anceftors , to incite the prefent and future ages to a vertuous
imitation of them;the continued welfare^and lading honour of
your felves and hopefull pofterity , being the unfeigned

willies , of

Your mod devoted and

humble fervant



William T>ugdale.



TO THE RIGHT HONORABLE
COMPTROLLER OF T^ilE' HOUSEHOLD

to the late "KJ. ^(j CHA%LES^ and one of hh
Majejlies mojl Honorable Trivie-ComcelL



MY







T is little leffe than twenty years

^ fih^ I had the happinefTe to be

firft known to you , and to receive

your encouragement to go on in the

getting of fit materialls for the work
I have now a* laft ( dirough Ciod's
afliftance) though with no fmall dif-
ficulty,accompli{hed-towards which
I had then made fome little progrefs:
wherein I ever found you fo great and conftant a favourer
of my endeavours, not only by the free opening unto me your
choife and coftly Treafurie of extraordinarie rarities , whereof
the margents of the Book will declare what great ufe I have
iTiade ; but by procuring for me , both accefte to moft of the
publique Records in this Nation , and affording me the chief
fupport I then had , whilft 1 laboured therein. So that, befides
your great deferts ,as aprincipall A^^caw^j of learning , and
more efpecially of Antiquities, wherein your skill and know-
ledge far furpaffes any within the compalTe of your own Orbe
(the Nobility) that I know , and therefore the more fit to
judge thereof ; the influence that this work hath had from
your Lordfhip, doth juftly challenge a publique and gratefuli
acknowledgment , which I hope will not be wanting from all
perfons, efpecially thofe that it concerns, as it hath from me ,

who



The Efijile Dedicatorie,



who with abundant thankfulneffe for thefe hi^h favours , do
now prefent it to you.

Had 1 been farther happy in your judicious affiftance^and
advice for its fabrick and compofure , I am fure it would have
appeared much more beautiful! than now it is ; but that ,
through your diftance from hence , by reafon of our fad di-
ftradtions, could not beexpe(^ed. Such therefore as it is, I
humbly offer to your Lordihip ^ well knowing that your
goodnefle will accept thercof/ather as a teftimonie of my gra-
titude , than any other merit ^ from



Your Lordfliip's moft obliged
fervant and honourer



WilH^m^ugdak}




-<>€ 3^ i<>G &«• ^O" -^ &^ ^^ ^<>» ^S S^ ^>£ ;^o ^>^ S^ ^hD S€» -o^ &C» «6£ Sr^ ?

THE PREFx^CE.

Hat the prefixing 4n TniroduStitn to thUfrefent rvork^ is as cffeutiaU as the Perch
to a grater budding will not he doubted-, ifhall therefore , by way of Preface ,
(peak briefly o'- Hiftoric ia generdi , and then of that which may mijl properly
HJler in the following Difcourfe. aC/.Wak.

Icis HiHoric faith an eminent ' perjon ^ that hath given us life in our "undcrftanding ^^''^^y^
ifincethe Woild it iclf hid life and beginning , even to this day •, and carried our know- 'tfi/tHi^'
IcJge over the vaft and devouring fpace of many rhoufand years , having made us acquain- e/"'**
tcd^v.th our dead Anceftors , and out of the depth and darkncftc of the Earth delivered us "^**^''''*
their memorie and fame, i^adas this is no little fatisfaCfion to all difcreet men^fo may it be
ofmHch advantage . in regard that bj a jeriou< chfervance of the Actions that former times
have produced , with thetr circttmjlances and ijfues , afar greater knowledge may be obtained,
than the longefi Itfe can otherwije afford. Hence is it , that the Antients have hefiowed fuch ^ Qrd vit,
pdines in this kind , m hath been long ago noted by an old Writer ; Anteriores noftri , quoth m profoio
he , ab anciquis tcmporibus labentis leculi excurfus prudenter infpexerunt, & bona feu ma- ^^^f '^'
!a raortalibus contingentia, prncautcla hominum notaverunt , & futuris tcmporibus fcmper ju.
prodeflc volemes , fcripfa fcriptis accumulaverunt : Hoc nimirum videmus a Moyfe & Da-
niele f^&um , Sec.

As for the work itfelf , it is an Ijluftration of the Antiquities with which my native Coun-
trie ( OTarUitcbroire } hath been honoured-^ in accemplifhing where $f , / have fpent the chtefefi
of my time for m:{ch more than twenty year s^ diligently Jearching into the vaft Treafuries of
pHblique Records ^beftdes a mnltttudt of Manujcripts ^ originall Charters and Evidences in
private hinds ^ as the margents where they are ctted do manifef} •, therein imitating Polybius,
Livie , Susron:us and Tacitus , who made fpeciall ufe of the publique Records ofiktsmt^which e^iUm
^ere preferveddt theit Ttn\^\c o\ ihiHyn\^,\% , and at that of L\hzxncin the Aventinc (jf Auf.Vin-
iursinthe lowci vf uot^.H ^^ thf Rolls chiefly are. fo likewife Thucidides . and of o*"f »l .f
later times Sigonius in his dc Regno Itali* , Du Tillet in that of fxmtz, dnd divers more Erroti&e
tohcreof the learned Sddcn^ harhmo/l^ judiciou fly taken notice. dimpr.

Nor do I want example for Dfconrfes of this kind {cil.thc Antiquities of particular Coun- ^"^'^*
tries, Places, and Familcs by men of eminent leaming-^witnefs that ^/0lotjence in France '*,'**
ky ■' Csfar Nortradamus:(7/ I5:f icfa {a Citie in Jt^liC )hy ' O.tovius RofTus-, eftanqut. Brd£ ]
tec by G^ 1. Catd •, ofBu^f and'i£>U(X^y by Sam. Guichenon -, and very lately of^lni- '^'^'
Cere ^jAntli. Smdctv^, wh hath moftexquifitelyreprefented, by curioits cuts, the cities \'^P'-'^°'
Towns 5 Monafleries, Colledges , and Gentlemens Honjes of note , in ihofe parts ^fer the better ° * '*^*'
ornament of his Storie. <. -.; i -»-'.-. i.. ^'"'a'

Perhaps there are feme who may expeB in thismy Undertaking , that I fhould afcendmuch ' "fo."
kigherwithmy difcourfe of divers Phccs and Yam\hcs than ' ' ' ' '



I have done ^ ff^fpofing it as •^^•'''•w.'
: Conqueft : but to the confidera- ^,1"';^;„.



J war-
It.



fojjtble tofpeak of the Saxons times, as th'oje fince the Norman

tion offiirh fjhjlcfer , wh^t likelyhoodiherc is , that Memorialls of any thtng could be prefer- ^i-et
ved , where liar 'didfo much abound : For in the time of the Saxon Heptarchie moft certain it c'!!'"*'
u , that there was no little ftriving by thofe petty Kings to enlarge their Dominions , whereby di fliji,
greatrvaftand Ipoil wasoccajioned: And no fooaer had King E^^bsit fubdued the Northern " '*°' •
Sri tans , with thofe that inhabited Cointuall , overcome Bernulph Kin^ of ^CCCia , united "^-Hoved.
lieilt, ^urrCV,ir^f South /w^Eaft- Saxons /<? his Weft-Saxon Kingdom ( being therefore ^il^*"'''
reckoned the firft EnglifH Mon irch ■ and left the po([e(fton of all to his Jon Erhchvolph,TP-5/£-)5 m Mcr.
hapnedinthefear DCCCXXXVl from our Saviour's Incarnation , but that the Danes ^'^'"'''''^
with other barbarous Northern N.tions began totnfeft this Kingdom^ vehemently affliBtng )!fcTSl!i'
dndwjpng the land by the fpace of CCCXXX. jears.even unto the coming of the Nonnans, ''•H-
[faring neither age norfex, as faith mine Author ' , ita "^ ur mirum in modum illiterati Comi' " ^^ r4.
tcs peneomncs : nay the very Clergie them 'elves were fo ignorant , as that in the begin- Eil'cdlil
^'^'^^ eliding iy£lfred' s xc\gn (which ivas About the year DCCClXXll.) there were few ^"i^-S.'
Priefts on- the South of ^umber that undcrftodd " the Latinc fervice, or that could tranflatc ^"S*
any wrinng from Latine into EngHdi. , -"- 'l^^-i , . ^w^^

^ ^^^(fther did they much minde learning ^tiS a little before the Conqeeft. by Duke William, 5/^^ je,
''^l^i^j^PP'^^hf^^fep^»&r>ieofa» Authefttiqtte Writer "i who fattJf. Non paucis ante ad- •**•

vcntum



THE PREFACE.



N.



ventum Normannorumannis, Sec. Not few years before the coming of the Normans,
the Clergie \rcrc content with diforderly learning , being fcarcc ab.c toliammcr cut the
words of the Sacrament •, he which undcrftood the Grammar being admired of the refl. Se
that it is net fuch a merveil that xve have to m$re light ofjlorie to guide us in thrfc cL'cr times^
(ti tis a wonder there is any thing at all left to hs , by reafon that learned men were exceeding
fcdrce^ and that the Monafleries , which were the prefervers rf what is left to us of that kind
\\cnir^-» f'jf'^^^^j"'^^ nnferie by thole barbarous people, who were gr own fo powerfnUin this Realm ^ that
cr <no.tt /<"■ f^''^ oflopfmg all , King Edmund ► was co^firained to yetld^that Aulafe King of ^0%-
R HoveJ. \Xi^YjhoHldenjoj the whole Land from SEliitling O'SGCt Northwards : The like agreement in.
/•Ml .». f/jfjg^r M. Xlll. in the reign of King Eihcltcd ^ were the people for c£i^ to , by bucno Kin-^ of
c,w„h. Bcnniarb.

Wi r ni in But to come neerer to my purpofe : forafntueh as 'tii a fingle Countie^ which is thefuhjcB of

ctt.iojj. this following tract -^ and that 1 have proceeded therein b-^ viewing each Hundred Jfjr; , Ire-

jolve in thefrJlpUce^ to take notice of what antiquitie the divtfion ofthit Realm , into Shires

<jW Hundreds islaidtobe \ for ofthepoftttve time when it ro4S firjl cajlinte Counties our befi

r Trgiilihi ^ifi'»'f'*>^iJor want of good light (by reajon of the iVarrs and dtflrap.teus before Jpoken of) are

Htfi.f t»S' to Jeek',\nou\phui' referring It to King Mlhcd , about the year DCCCC. which wm to-

*• tfards the endof his reign ; H. Huntendon ' to King Egbert (by circHmflance ) who Ugm his

[j"j"""^' '■<f^j« in Anno DCCC for thefe are his words— Foffqaam aucem Rcgcs Weft Scaxe coe-

blii ' tens pi jevalucrunt , & Monarchiam obtinuerunt , terras per XXXV. Provincias fibi divi-

fcrunt.

New , that it was King Egbert (the IVefi Saxon) that fo mited the Heptarchie , is plain
enough ^ hut they are both port : for there is no doubt ^ but fame dtvtfion thereof into Coun-
ties , wa* long before^ though net dire£Hy the fame throughout that was afterwards by King
Egbert •, otherwtfe, why were Egga and Lcuricus ,• wttnejfes to King EthelbaldV Foundation'
m:%Si. C^^f'ter o/CrotDlanD ; in anno DCCXVl (I lied \ the one Comes Lincolnias , and the
c.t 48. oihir Comes Lcictftrice ? Bejides , as OMr. Sclden from Ina {,Ki>ig of the Wcft-Saxons
t' Tttf in anno Dccxx: his Law^'" ehferves , If any Eildorman were guilty of an efcape, he was to
*• ^7 s"§ ^"'^'^ ^^ ^^^^^ > pcrdat fuum Comitatum , ai the old Latin tranflation hath it : So that^ had
3. there KOt been Coi;nries then^ this could not have beenfaid: Therefore what Ingulphus men-

w leges iions as to thefrfl dtvifion of this Real//, into Counties and Hundreds by King ^Elficd , was
iT-rf^d '^o^^'^^J^ meant of Hundreds only ^however his pen ppt : For V Viiliam />/MaJmc3l^ury,ip^»
iPrnnip- meationcth the occaJJonofr^at King's (,on[fiiittton of the Hundreds only , delivereth the (ame
ten f.is. reafon that Ingulpfius by that miflake doth for Cotrntics^W Hundreds hoth - 'Ex " quia oc-
ViLV^/i calioncBarbarorum.&c.Tfiat by example ofthe Danes the natural! Inhabitants were gree-
X w.ii. tiy of fpoil, fo that no man could p^flc to and fro, in fafctic , without dcfenfive weapons 5
Malm/; a^/yr fdf therefore ordained Ctf»/«r<ej, which they tcrme Hundreds -^ znd Decimes which.
14 a.ir.Jio. ^p^y ^^1^ Ttthings , that every Englith man living under Law , fhould be within fomc Hun-
Lf "du ^''('^ ^nd Tithing ; and if he were accufed of any tranfgreflion, he Ihould forthwith bring in
leim in fome one of the fame Hundred and Tithing^ that would be his furctie to anfwer the Law;
liKBodi, ^,^,tjff.d could find none fuch to undertake for him, then to abide the feveritie of the Law:
And if any gfilty pcrfon fhould fly , before,or after his giving fuch fccuritie , that then all
within the Hundred and Tithing ihouU be fined to the King.

To give feme reafon why they were C4//f<!/ Counties, JJhaUhere exhibit e the atitheritie of an
antient MS. which making mention of Ofnlph Earl </ |^OJtl)Umb£ClanD ^hath thefe words
Tteifijf.nc- - - Nccinvcnitur ,quod ante pia^didum ofulphum ' Comitern , aliquis fuerat Comes
gn Rdvdi Northunibria. , & per confequens nee ibi Comitatus \ quia Comitatus a Comitc dicitur , id
u'ni^'nr.i cfldignitasComnis, vd tantum fp:cium terrse quantum ad Comitern pertinet. Whtreof
£».j4«. ' mere to the fame effect in the Glojfarie of the learntdiir H. Spelman -fiTw^/^r, titulo Comita-
tus , is to bcfeen , and that matters of Controverfie were heard before the Earl in his Countie-
Gourt , or before his fubflttnte , whom the Saxons called I'^p^F . and ^icipejejiejia , that is
Shire-reeve , Scipe or Scijun ^fignifying in ow eld Englijh to part er divide , cr rather (as we
y,etfay) tofhare a thing •, 4»JR.ceve (from the Saxon word .-;^r epa or lep^ua) a Provoft or
Steward ^which name is yet ufedin divers Maitttoun , heirtg attributed to hint who is appointed
to celled the Lord's Rents.

Having Jdid thus much of the beginning and occafitn of the Hundreds , ifhall adde a line or
' tjvo moreyjrom the aforefaid GlofI: where there is a large and learned difcourfe upon that word.

Efl autcm Huadredus , &c. The Hundred is a portion of the Countic , wherein anciently
dwelt an hundred Sureties for the King's peace, as a 7 ;f^"»j wherein were ten 5 and there-
fore a H«»^cc/ contained ten T///&/;>gj, the number of an Hundred being Ten times ten. '
And' tij. not a little ohfervable ^ that before the NtrmAfts tntrsiHi ^ tbiBifhopfdteinthe

Hundred-



THE PREFACE.



Hundred- Court , with the Lord of the Hundred , as he did in the Countie- Court with the
Barl , and in the Shireevcs-Turn , with the Shirecvc — Primi igitur kdchim^ faith " Sir H. l'/j^J,f'
Spelman , in omnibus regni Comitiis & tribunalibus Epifcopi •, in Rcgali quidem pala- 'concu.
cio cum Regni magnatibus 5 in Comitatu una cum Coraite , & Jufticiario Comiratus 5 In ^'^"^ ^•
Turno Vicecomitis cum Vicecomite 5 In Hundredo cum Domino Hundredi •• fie, ut in pro- ^ea.b.v,'
movenda Jufticia ufq-, quaq^ gladius gladium adjuvaret, & nihil inconfuko Sacerdote ^qui 40.
vclut Saburra in Navi fuit) ageretur.

Andfo lihetvife after the Con^ncjl, till King William prohihited it , as is evident hy thefe
enfuingwordsof his CMandate' tothe Dean and Chaffer (j/}lU1C0!n-, - -l^ropterca mando \^^y'^„u'
&regiaauthoritatcpra?cipio,utnu!IusEpircopus,vcl Archidiaconusde Legibus Epifco- m.\i:,i.\'
palibus amplius in Hundredo placita teneat, ncc caufam,qua: ad regimen animarum pertiner,
ad judicium fecularium hominumadducat-, fed quicunq-, fecundiiai Leges Epifcopales de
quacunq^caufavel culpa interpellatusfuerit, ad locum quem ad hoc Epifcopus elegeric &
nominaverit , veniat , ibiq; de caufa fua rcfpondeat , & non fccundum Uundredum , fed fe-
cundum Canones & Epifcopales Leges redtum Deo & Epifcopo fuo faci ;r.

Hsvobeit , hefides this dividing the Kingdom by King Alfred , as hath hcen faid , it (hould
feem that he made an exaU Survey thereof , much like that which was afterwards performed
by King William the Conqueror-— Tahm Rotulum , faith Tngulphus % fpeaking ot Doomef- c^^g«''.
</4j(-/'<;o^', &multumfimiiemediderat quondam Rex ^//r<r^«j , in quo toram terram An- t.' '
gliiB per Comitatus, Centurias, & Decuri.ts defcripferat , ficuc pr^notatur, qui quidem Ro-
/»/«i WJ«/o»/<evocatuseft ,quia deponebaturapud fr/«?(7w/4»z confervandus : which RoU^
time hath confnmed^ I believe -^for I could never difcern that eurgreatefl Searchers after An- .
ti qui ties hadfeen it.

Tet of that Survey fo made by the Conqueror , there isfiill remaining a mofi perfect and ex-
cellent memoriall, kept in the Treafurie of the Exchequer , at 2!j^eftmin3Cl , and intituled by M.^vVcftm.
the name <?/Liber Judiciarius, or Doomefday-book •, by the light whereof I have been guided 1 6.iv.
in d.fcovering the mofi antient pofjeffors of the principall places in this Shire : touching which '^'"'^•
Survey our Hiftorians dofomewhat differ in the time when it began , as thefe Authorities^ ci- cron.de
ted in the margent, do Jhew •, but the Red book manifefis , that tt was in the fourteenth year of Berm. 17.
that King's reign •, and that it was not perfected till the xx"". the volume itfelfdecUreth. ^'""^■

That this work was performed with great curiofitie and flri^neQe , obferve what an eminent ^^^^'
and very amicrft Hifioriar? ^ f^ith...-M[^i a.nx.tmdchxncYiC'x. potentiffimus Jufticiarios per igm^.
unamquamq-, Scyram, id eft Provinciam AngliiE , & inquirere fecit per jufjurandum, quot R. Hoved.
Hyda?, id eft jugera , uni aratro fufficientia per annum, effent in unaquaq-, viU3,& quot ani- i^-^"'"?-
malia : Fecit etiam inquiri quid unaqusq-, Urb^, GaftcUum, Vicus , Villa , Flumen , Palus, J^'^'^^:,'^*
Silva rcdderet per annum •• Rxc aurem omnia in Chartis fcripta , delata funt ad Regem , & j h Him-
interthefaurosdepofiraufq-, hodie fervantur. And to the fame purpofe Ingulpbui Abbot of ^^nkf.
(SitOUlunD -^a Writer of great credit , who lived in that age , (faying' , that he himfelf went *' - ''•''».
up to llOODOn , and took brief notes of the lands belonging to their Monafierie , fofurveyed, as ^Jl^f' .
they were recorded in the before fpecifed Book ^ for his fucce(Jors better knowledge) hath this fc.
expre(fion '■ — Totam terram defcripfit , ncc erat Hyda in tota Anglia , quin valorem ejus Ub.
& pofl'efTorem fuum fcivit ; ncc Lacus , nee locus aliquis , quin in Regis Rotulo extitit de- e '^°^'
fcriprus, acejusredditus &provcntus, ipfa pofTeflio&ejus pofleffor, Regime notitix ma- ?'°"'-"-, ,,
niteftatus , juxta taxatorum hdem , qui ele<ai de qualibet patria , tcrritonura propnura de- Bodi./.jj.
fcribebant : the fub fiance of all which is thus E nglffied by an old Poet K "•

sn^elSpngc Mfllfam foj fo iuffc tfie tnojf^e of ^(0 Ion80,
Heteenqtocre ffreptlic^e tbo^tnj al CngeloaDe ,
^oto manp ]31o1d^<[) lonoe ano ebe i^loen airo
Witxt fit ecbe §>cl|(re , ano tobat toojtfte tftcrto ;
;3nQ ViZ Ucntes of cc^c ^oione , ano of fuatres ec^c one
*, Ctat ^e Voifte f tie \ani^t f l)0}tD j al Cngelonoe

^nolctc ft iDH'tefn a Bokc , ano (itbe pnf t)tt B| tefs
Hn t^c acrefonre ot OTcttmfnttrc tl>cr asl>ft jat fa
&o tbat otir I^pnges Cttien , to^en t^at tbep rannfome f oke
Sllreoi totfl to^at folhe mp^f pate , t(isp foanoe in tbtlHe SBobe,

By th'u Sm-vey is evident to befeen^^what vaft po(fe(lions the Conquer our did befiow up9» thofe
Normans, Britans, Anjovins, and other French that had ajfified him , the better to inter efi
them in the keeping of what he had thus by (irong-hand got ; of which I fhall have oeeafion t9
mention many in the following traci, and therefore have fpoke the mtre Urgelj of it : AndfhaH

b % further



THE PREFACE.




furthtr crave leave , conftdering how vajl a change thit Comjueji fftade , t& go on a little ii* ta^

king a breifview of the courfes then eserctfedto make a firm eJiabUfhment thereof.

Andjirfifor his Criieltie to the native Englijh , 'tif evident , that he (pared not the very

Clergie, impnfoning '' Scigand ArchbtflfOp of CantetbUI)' ^^^^ ^^ died^^tvith many others ; de-
liM.P^if. grading divers Abbots, vpajlingthe lands of WolAan Btfhop of ^Olit^ityWsiUcT Bijlyop of
M7 b'^jo ^SCCf OlD, and Frethric Abbot of^. BlbatlS •, compelltng manf ofihe Nobtlitie and others to

for fake ' the Kingdom -^forcing divers , afrvell Priefis as Lay men ^ driven '' out of their po(]ef-

SR.Ho- ftons^ to betake ' themf elves to Woods and Deferts , where they rvere conflrained u live as Sa-
v;d /". -uages , whereby there was jcarce '" a great man left ^ all forts of men being reduced to fttch mi'
' VI Pa- /<f^^c andfervitude , that it was held a difgrace to be accounted an Eng'ifjmart - - Tantum tunc
Anglicos abominati funt , faith Ingulphus \ ut quantocunq-, merico polkrcnt, de dignitati-
bus pellerentur , & multo minus habiles alicnigcnse de quacunq •, alia natione , qua; (ub
coelocft, cxritifTcnt , gratanter affumcrentur : For which being toucht with c^mp»n£iio»
when he lay upon his Death-bed .^he cryed out thus to his Friends ■-—h\\A{\^ " (6 Amici; gra-
vibufq-, peccatisonuftus, contremifco, & mox ad tremendlira Dei Judicium rapiendus,quid
faciam ignoro : andfo goes on deploring his inicfuities 5 and amengf other of his fins that lay
^mjiim hcavie Upon his confciencc , he hath this fATjcr ?//"/«» '"-——Naturales Regni filios plus a;quo
uioSj. cxofus habui , Nobiles & vulgarcs cmdclitervcxavi , injufte multos cxhsreditavi , innu-
^x^'^'ii' "^^^^05, maxime in pago Eboracenfi, fame feu ferro mortificavi.

n intui '^"^ "/ ^'^^ ^^^^ particular proceedings again fi them , and advancing his Normans, ohferve

fci^.y.jii. this notable r elation'^ from a perfon"* that lived in the next age. Poft regni conquifitionem



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