William Dwight Whitney.

A Sanskrit grammar : including both the classical language, and the older dialects, of Veda and Brahmana online

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117b, 158a, 164; b or r as final
of certain forms, 169b; as final,
146, 169, 170 a: combinations of
final rdcl 8, 146b, 166-8; of
other, 170-7; exceptional cases,
171, 173; final 88, 175, 176; SB,
177; 8 to §, 180-8; exceptional
cases, 181, 184e, 186c, d, 186a;
( adds t before, 199e; final n
adds (retains) 6, 208, 209; B lost
between mutes, 233 c-f ; in b- aor.,
834, 881, 883 ; after a vowel, 233 b ;
exceptional combination after such
loss, 233 f; 8 anomalously from
final root-consonant, 406a; b before



ftm of gen. pL, 313 a, .496 c; in

aor., 874 ff.; in fut, 931 ff.; in

desid., 1027 ff.
-8, advbl, 1106.
-88, 1197.
Ba-, 1121 e; In compsn, 1288 g,

1304f-b, 1313f.
Baihvrtft a, 21.
B&khi, dcln, 343 a-c.
Bakth&n, B&kthi, 343 i, 431.
VBagh, aor., 836b.
i/Bao, pres., 660; pf., 794 f; aor.,

840b; Baoo ftom, 673, 676.
^Bi^i or BafiJi enpb., 219 a; pres.,

746; pf., 794d, h, 801h; aor.,

834c, 887a; inf., 968f; des.,

10281; cans., 1042h.
VBad, pre*., 748; aor., 847, 862a,

863, 899 d; fat., 936b, 936c';

pple, 967,d; inf., 968 d.
VBan or Bft, pf., 804; aor., 847,
• 853. 899 d; pple, 965b: int.,

1002 g; des., 1028 g, i, 1032a.
-Bani, infio. in, see -Bani.
Baxhdhi, 109.

Baihdhyak^K"^} ^^^^ ^^'

Bannatara, 90 c.

yBabhSg, so-called, 104b, 1067.

Bamftntt^ara, 30.

BampraBftrai^, 262 a.

BamrfiJ etc., 213 b.

-Bara, 1201a.

Bar&gh or Bari^, 389b.

B&rva, dclD, 524; in compsn, 1261 e,

1298c.
1/8890, pres., 444, 673, 676.
B&B, euph., 176 a, b.
-888, iib%
Vsah, enpb., 186a, 223b, 224 b;

pres., 628; pf., 786a, 790b,

803a; aor., 837, 838, 887a, 897a,

b, 899 d; ftit., 935 d; pple, 965 e;

inf., 968 d; des., 1030; at end of

cmpds, 405.
Bah&, in cmpsn, 1304f, g.
VBft or Bi bind, pres., 763 c; aor.,

830, 834a, 839, 868a, 894c;

fut., 936a, 936b; pple, 954c;

inf., 968f; ya-ger'd, 992a; cans.,

1042 k.
-B&t, advbl, 1108.
}/B&dh, aor., 8618.
-BSna, ppial words in, 897 b, 1175.
VBfintv, so-called, 104b.
I^Bi, see Bft.
i^Blo, pres., 758; aor.. 847; tvft-

ger'd, 991 d; cans., 1042h.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Sanskbit Index.



h repel, fut., 935 h.

, pres., 761c, 766; pple, 955 c;

., 1028h, i.

press out. Tpres., 699 b; aor.,

I, 840b, 867; fut., 936 a; ya-

M, 992 a.

1121 h, i; in compsu, 1284 a,

1288, 1304 c, d.

see 1178f.

>h, pres., 768.

or BU, pres., 626, 628, 766;

789 a; aor., 868 a; ftit., 936 a,
\h, 939b; inf., 968d, e.
, aor., 861.
I, aor., 871.

pf., 797 c, 806 a; aor., 847;
s., 1042 e.

, enph., 2161, 219b, c; aor.,
lb, c, 840b, 890; fat., 936d.
, euph., 161 d; pf., 790 c; aor.,
Id, 847; fut., 935b, 936 d; inf.,
Je; int., 1002g.
Inflo. in, see -i^e.
lan, 87 d.
riginal of oh, 42.
^d, aor., 833, 890 b; pple,
^d; ya-gerM, 992b; int.,

.bh or skambh, pros., 730,
I, 1066b; pf., 786a, 790b,
td.

L, pres., 626 a; int., 1017.
n, pres., 631a; aor., 899 d.
bh or Btambh, euph., 233 c;
s., 730,732,1066b; pf., 794d;
e, 966 b.

for -tfit, advbl, 1100b.
(h, desid., 1031b.
, pres., 626, 633; pf., 797 c;
., 866, 894 b, d; fot., 936 a;
.gei'd, 992a; desid., 1028 i;
8., 1042e.

euph., 242 c; pf., 801 f, 806 a;
., 831, 8348, 885, 900 a; pple,

b; inf., 968d; ya-ger'd, 992 a.
icln, 371k.
1, aor., 916.

&, pres., 761 e; pple, 957 a.
dcln, 366, 367 c.
a, euph., 233 c; pres., 671, 749 a;
, 830, 834 a, 836, 837, 8408,
', 884, 894 c; pple, 954c; inf.,
if; caus. aor., 861b, 1047; in
ftl periphr. phrases, 1076 c.

1195.

,, cans., 1042 j.
Ii, eiiph., 223 a, c.



|/Bnu, pros., 626 a.

-Bnu, 1194.

sparga, 31, 32.

)/BpaQ, aor., 834 c.

VBpy, aor., 831, 836 b, 839.

j/Bpydh, euph., 242 d; aor., 834 b,

840 b.
y«PX9, euph., 218 a; aor., 916, 920 a;

fut., 936d.
yspjfli, euph., 223 b, d; cans., 1042d.
}/8ph&, pple, 964c; caus., 1042m.
yBphut, fut., 936 b.
)/BphT, pres., 766; tvfipger'd, 991 d;

cans., 1042b.
sphotana, 230 e.
sma. In pronoml ddn, 493, 496 a,

603.
sma, prea. in past sense with, 778b, c
ysmi, tvft-gei'd, 991 d; cans.,

10421; periph. pf., 1071 f.
ysmf, pass., 770 c; tvft-ger'd, 991 d;

caus., 1042e.
Bya as denom. sign, 1064.
ysyand, pf., 786a; aor., 861a,

890b; fut.. 943a; pple. 957d;

ivft-ger'd, 991 d; Int., 1002 g.
yByam, pf., 794 h.
sy&B, euph., 176a.
Hsyfil, infln. in, see -i^y&L
ar&j, euph., 219 a.
ysTAB or srafts, euph., 168; pf.,

790 c; aor., 833, 847; ya-ger'd,

992 b.
ysridh, aor., 847, 862 b.
I^Brlv (or Qriv), euph., 240 b; pres.,

766; caus., 1042b.
ysru, pf., 797c; aor., 868; cans.,

1042 e.
Bva^ 513 b, 616 e: dcln, 526 c.
I^Bvaj, eoph., 219 a; pres., 746; pf.,

794h; aor., 863 a; tva-ger'd,

991c.
Bvitavae, euph., 168 a, 415 b.
)/Bvad, pple, 964 f.
^Bvan, pf., 794h; aor., 899 d; int.,

1002 g.
V^Bvap, pies., 631; pf., 785 b, 794b;

aor., 867: fUt., 936b; pple, 964b;

des., 1028 h; cans., 1042 g.
Bvayam, in compsn, 1284 b.
1/Bvar, aor., 890 a, 899 d.
Bvar, dcln, 388.
Bvara, 30, 81.
Bvarabhaktl, 230 c-e.
Bvarlta, 81.

BV&vaB, euph., 168a, 415b.
}/BVid, pple, 957 d.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Sanssbit Index.



539



h, proD. etc., 59, 65, 66, 119; from
dh and bh, 223 g; as final, 147;
eompensatlng aspiration of initial,
147, 155 b; with following t or
th, 160a; with preceding final
mute, 163; m before h and an-
other cons., 213 g; reTorsion to gh,
214 if., 222: in Infiectlon, 402,
637; in pf., 787; in Intens., 1002 i;
in desid., 1028 f; internal combn,

. 222-4; anomalously changed to
a sibilant, 150 f; to d, 404: du-
plication of a cons, after, 228 a;
nftsikya added after, 230b; loss
before hi, 101 la.

-ha, ad^bl, 1100 a, 1104 b.

yhad, pple, 957 d.

vlian, enph., 192 b. 2161, 402,
637, 787; pros., 637, 673, 709;
pf., 794 e, 805 a; aor., 899 d; fat.,
935b, 943a; pass., 998f; pple,
954d; inf., 968d; int., 1002g,
h. i, 1003; des., 1028 e, f: cans.,
1042 m; root-nonn, 383 h, 402.

h&nta, accent of verb with, 598 a.

yhas, jaki} from, 640.

ylift move J pres., 660, 664; des.,
1028 d; cans., 1042 d.

}/h& leave, pres., 665, 761b; aor.,
830, 889, 912: fut., 936 c; pple,
957a; inf., 968 f; cans, aor., 861b,
1047.



yh&B, 102a 912.

]/hi, enph., 192c. 2161, 674. 787;

pres., 699b, 716 a; aor.. 831,839,

840b, 847, 889a, 894d; des.,

1028 f.
hi, 595e, 1122b.
•hi, advbl, 1100c.
VliiAs, enph., 183 a; pres., 687, 696;

des., 1031b.
Vhinv, 716a.
ylii^, enph., 240b; pf., 786b; cans.,

1042b.
yhu, pres., 645, 647 o. 652; periphr.

pf. etc., 1071 f, 1073 c.
Vhfl or hva, pres., 761 f, 755; pf.,

794b; aor., 834a, 847, 687c,

912: fnt, 935c; inf., 968f; cans.,

1042k; periphr. pf., 1071 f.
yhf eeize, aor.. 834 a, 890 a; inf.,

968 d; cans., 1042e.
yhfd, hfdaya, 397.
yh^, aor., 847; pple, 956b.
ylinii, pres., 626 a.
yliras, pple, 956 b.
yhri, pres., 645; aor., 840 b; pple,

957 a; cans., 10421; periphr. pf.,

1071 f. •
l/hvd, see hu.
yhvr or hvar, enph., 242 c; pres.,

682; aor., 863a, 890; pple, 955 e.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



GENERAL INDEX,



a-aoilBt (simple aoriat, 2), 824, 846
-54: in the later language, 846;
roots fonning it In the older lan-

Sage, 847; inflection, 848; modes,
9-51; parUoiples, 852; irregu-
Urities, 853, 854.

a-dasfl (first, bh^-class) of verbs,
606, 784-50: formation of stem,
734; inflection, 735-43; roots of
the class, 744; irregularities, 745
-50.

d-class or accented a-dass (sixth,
tud-dass) of verbs, 606, 751-8:
fonnatlon of stem, 751 ; inflection,
752; roots of the class, 753, 754;
irregnlarities, 755-8.

&-conJngation — see conjugations.

a- or &-declension , transference of
cons.-stems to, 399, 415a, 429a,
437, 441b: 11481, 1149a, 1166c,
1209, 1315.

a-stems (tense-stems), uniform in-
flection of, 738 a.

abbreviation of consonant- groups,
231-3.

ablative case, uses of, 289-93; ab-
lative of comparison. 292b; with
prepositions, 293, 1128; used ad-
verbiaUy, 1114; abl. Inflnitive. 983 ;
abl. by attraction with infln., 983b;
abL use of adverbs in tas, 1098 d ;
abl. as prior member of compound,
1250 f.

absolute use of instrumental, 281 g;
of genitive, 300b; of locative,
303 b-d; of gerund, 994 e.

absolutive — see gerund.

abstract nouns, secondary derivation
of, 1206, 1286-40.

accent, general, 80-97: its varieties,
80-6; accentuated texts, 87; mo-
des of designating, 87, 88; iUus-
tration of BY. method, pp. 518-9;



over^reflnements of Hindu theory,
90; modem delivery of andent
accented texts, 91; no sentenee
accent, 92; accentlefs windB. 98;
words doubly accented, 94, It^,
1267 d; accent of protracted syl-
lable, 78 a; freedom of place of
accent, 95; — changet of accent
in vowel combination, 128, 130,
135 a; — accent in dedenalon,
314-20; of vocative, 92a, 814;
change of accent in monosyllabie
etc. declendon, 316-9; in nu-
meral. 482g, 483a-c; of finetion-
als, 488a; of case-forms used as
adverbs, llHg, 1112e, 1114d;
different accent of action-nouns
and agent-nouns, 1144 a; of deter-
minative and possessive com-
pounds, 1295; — ^, accent of personal
endings, 552-4; in relation to

' strong and weak forms, 556; of
personal verb-forms in the sen-
tence, 92 b, 591-8; of perij^ias-
tic formations, 945, IvTSe: of
compounded verb-forms, 1082-5;
— accent in primary derivation,
1144; in secondary, 1205; in
composition, 1251 ; — ordinary ac-
centuation of Skt words by Western
scholars, 96.

accusative case, uses of, 269-77:
with verbs, 270, 274; with nouns
and adjectives, 271, 272; with pre-
positions, 273, 1129; with verbs
of motion and address etc, 274;
cognate, 275; adverbial, 276, 1111 ;
double, 277; acous. inflnitive, 961,
986-8; gerund, 995; aocua. as prior
member of compound, 1250 a.

action-nouns and agent-nouns, chief
classes of primary derivatives, 1145,
1146.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Oenebal Index.



541



active voice, In verbs, 628, 529.

acate (odfttta) accent, 81.

ad-cIasB of verba — see root-class.

adjective, its distinction from nonn,
322; from pple", 967; ^formation
of componnd adj., 323-5, 1292 if.;
inflection of adj., 321-465; com-
parison, 466-74; a4J. pronominally
inflected, 522-6.

adjective compounds, secondar7,1247g,
1292-1313; of other than possess-
ive valne, 1294, 1309, 1310; adj.
copnlative compnonnds, 1257.

adverbs, 1097-1122: adv. by deri-
vation , 1097-1109 ; case - forms
nsed as adv., 1110-17: adverbial
compotmds, 1111 d, 1313: verbal
prefixes etc. as adv.. 1118-20;
inseparable prefixes, 1121; other
miscellaneons adv., 1122; adv.
nsed prepositionally, 1123 if.; adv.
copulative compounds, 1259 ; forms
of comparison, 473 b.

agent-nouns — see action-nouns.

aggregative compounds — see copu-
lative compounds.

alphabets used for writing Sanskrit,
1 ; older Indian , 2 ; the Devana-
gail alph., 1-17; varieties of writ-
ing and of type for, 3, pp. 516-7;
characters and transliteration, 5;
arrangement, 7; theory of use, 8,
9; native mode of writing, 9 a, b;
modifications of this in Western
practice, 9c-e; vowel-writing. 10;
consonant combinations , 1^2-15 ;
other signs, 11, 16; numeral fig-
ures, 17; names of characters, 18;
signs and transliteration of anu-
Bvftra, 73.

alphabet, spoken — see system of
sounds.

alterant vowels, changing following

B to 9, 180.
- analysis of language into its elements,
98, 99; anal, of componnd words,
1248.

antithetical constmction, its influence
on accent of verb, 596, 597.

anuBvftra, its pronunciation etc.,
70-2; signs and transliteration, 73,
16b; see also ii, ih*

aorist tense, 532; its uses, 926-30;
in prohibitive expression, 579; —
aor. system, 535, 824-930; classi-
flcation of forms of aor., 824;
character and occurrence, 825-7;



variety from same root. 827b, c;
simple aor., 824,828: 1. root-aor.,
829-41; passive aor. 3d. sing.,
842-5; 2. a-aor., 846-54; 3. re-
duplicated or causative aor., 856-
73; sibilant-aor., 874-920; 4. a-
aor., 878-897; 5. la-aor., 898-910 ;
6. aithaor., 911-15; 7. aa-aor.,
916-20; aor. optative or precatlve
of later language, 921-5; aor. in
secondary conlugation, 1019, 1035,
1046-8, 1068; periphrastic aor.,
1073 b; — B-aor. stem in deriva-
tion, 1140 0.

apposition al compounds,1280d: appos.
possessive compounds, 1302.

ar or r in root and stem forms, 104 e,
237.

article, indeflnlte, represented later
by eka, 482 c.

aspirate mutes, phonetic character etc.
of. 37, 38; their deaspiration, 114,
153-5; restoration of lost aspira-
tion to, 141a, 147, 155; not be-
fore impv. ending dhi, 155 f; de-
rivation of h from, 66; sonant
aspirate with following t, th, 160;
non-aspirate for aspirate in redu-
plication, 590a: — and see the
different letters.

aspiration Qi), its pronunciation etc.,
59, 65, 66: ~ and see h.

asseverative particles, 1122 a, b.

assimilation in euphonic combination,
115-20; with or without change
of . articulate position, 116; sard*
and sonant, 117, 156-64; nasal,
117 g, 198b, 199c; 1, 117g, 206;
dental to lingual and palatal, 118;
other cases. 118-20.

augment, 585-7; ft as augment,
586 a; omission, 587; irreg. com-
bination with initial vowel of root,
136 a; irregularly placed, 1087 c, f;
uses of augmentless preterit per-
sons, 563, 687; with mft prohibit-
ive, 579.

avyayibh&va compounds, 1318.



bahuvrihi compounds — see pos-
sessive compounds,
benedictive — see precatlve.
bhu-olass of verbs — > see a-class.



cardinal numerals, 475 ; their combi-
nations, 476-81; infleotion, 482



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



542



Oenebal Index.



-6; construction, 486; deriyatives,
487-9.

case-endings — see endings of de-
clension.

oase-fonns, prolongation of final vow*-
el of, 248b; nsed as adverbs,
1110-17; change of accent in such,
1111 g, 1112 e, 1114d; ^eir pre-
positional uses, 1126d; derivatlTes
from case-forms, 1202 b; case-forms
in composition, 1250.,

cases, 26d; their <order of arrange-
ment], 266a; uses, 267-305: —
and see the different cases.

causative coi^jagation, 640, 607, 775,
866 ff., 1041-52; relation to so-
called tenth or our-class , 607,
1041b; to denominative, 1041c,
1066; formation of stem, 1041,
1042; inflection, present-system,
775. 1043; other older forms,
1044; perfect, 1045; attached re-
dunlicated aorist, 1046, 1047,
856 ff.; other aorist forms, 1048,
1049; future etc., 1050; verbal
nouns and adjectives, 1051 ; deriva-
tive or tertiary conjugations firom
cans, stem, 1052; cans, from in-
tens., 1025; from desid., 1039;
declinable stems from cans, stem,
1140 b; double object with cau-
satives, 277 a, 282 b.

cerebral mutes, 33, 45.

changeable or variable x of roots —
see variable.

circumflex (svarita) accent, 81-6,
90b; independent, 81-4; its va-
rieties, 84: enclitic, 85; their dif-
ference, 8o ; designation, 87-9 ; oc-
currence from vowel combinations,
128, 130, 135.

classes or series of mutes, 32 ff.

classes of verbs — see oonjugation-
classes.

clauses, simplicity of combination of,
1131a; dependent clauses, mode
in, 581, 950; accent of verb in,
595.

coUective singular form of copulative
compounds, 1253 c; in Yeda, 1255 e,
1256 b.

combination of elements, 100, 101;
euphonic rules for, 109-260; dis-
tinction of internal and external,
109-12; general arrangement of
rules, 124; order of comb, of three
successive vowels, 127 b.



comparison of adjectives etc, 466-
74 ; primary, in lyaa and i^fha,
467-70, 1184; secondary, in tara
and tama, 471-3, 1242a, b ; in ra
and ma, 474, 1242c; Inflection
of comparatives in yas, 463-5;
oomp. of nouns, pronouns, pxepo-
sitions, 473, 474, 520, 1119; of
verbs, 473 c; double comparison,
473 d; particles of oomp., 1101b,
1102e, 1107, 1122g, h.

comparison or likeness, desoripUve
compounds of, 1291a.

compensatory vowel-lengthening, 246.

composition of stems — see oom-
pound stems.

compound conjugation, 540a, 1076
-95: roots with verbal prefixes and
like elements, 1076-^9; accent
of oomp. forms, 1082-6; irregula-
rities, 1087: roots with inseparable
prefixes, 1089, 1121b, g,i; with
noun and adjective stems, 1090-5.

compound stems, formation of, 101,
1246-1316: difference of earUer
and later language as to composition,
1246 a; classification of compounds,
1247; their analysis, 1248; rules
of phonetic combination, 1249;
case-forms as prior member, 1250;
accent, 1251; copulative comp.,
1252-61 ; determinative : dependent,
1262-78; descriptive, 1279-91; se-
condary adjective : possessive, 1292
-1308; participial, 1309; prepo-
sitional, 1310; adjective comp. as
nouns and as adverts, 1311-3;
anomalous comp., 1314 ; stem-finals
altered in comp., 1315; loose con-
struction with comp., 1316.

conditional tense, 532, 940, 941 ; its
uses, 950; conditional nses of op-
tative and subjunctive, 581 b, e, f.

conjugation, verbal inflection, 527-
1095; general, 527-98: voice, 528
-31; tenses and their uses, 592,
776-9, 821-3, 926-30, 948-60;
modes and their uses, 683, 567
-82, 921-5; tense-systems, 536;
present - system , 536 , 599-779 ;
perfect- system, 780-823; aorist-
systems, 824-930; future-systems,
931-50; number and person, 536;
personal endings, 541-56; Terbal
adjectives and nouns, 537-9, ^1
-95; seooudary conjugations, 540,
996-1068; periphrastic and corn-



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Genbral Index.



543



pound conjugation, 540 a, 1069-95 ;
examples of conjugation in syno-
psis, p. 520.

conjugation-classes, on what founded,
601; their chaiacters, 602-10.

coi^jugations, first or non-a- and sec-
ond or a-conjugation, 601-8, 733 ;
transfers ftom the former to tho
Utter, 625a, 631a, 666a, 670-4,
694 a, 716, 731. 896.

cox^nnctions, 1131-3.

consonants , pronunciation etc. , 31-
76: mutes, 32-60; semivowels,
51-8; spirants, 59-66; visarsa
and anasvftra etc., 67-78; quan-
tity, 76: cons, allowed as finals,
122, 139-52; occurring at end of
stems and endings, 139a: — and
see the different classes and
letters.

consonant-groups, how written in de-
vanftgari, 9, 12-5; their ex-
tension and abbreviation, 121,
227-33.

consonantal stems, declension of, 377
-465; their classification, 382.

contemptuous prefix, 506, 1121e; do.
suffix, 521, 1222d.

copulative compounds , 1247 a - o,
1262-61; of nouns, 1263-6; ad-
jectives, 1267; adverbs, 1269; nu-
merals, 1261; copulatives in later
language, 1253, 1254; in Rig-Veda,
1255; in Atharva-Veda, 1256; ac-
cent, 1268; possessives from copu-
latives, 1293 b.

our-class of verbs, 607, 776, 1041 b,
1056: — and see causative con-
jugation.

dative case, uses of, 286-8; dat
infinitive, 982 986; dat used ad-
verbially, 1113; dat by attraction
with infin. , 982 a; dat. as prior
member of compound, 1250 c.

deaspiration of aspirate mutes, 114,
153-5 ; consequent re-aspiration of
initUl, 141a, 147, 156.

declension, in general, 261-320:
gender, 263; number, 264, 265;
ease, 266; uses of the cases, 267
-305; endings of decl., 306-10;
variation of stem and insertions,
311-3; accent, 314-20; — decl.
of nouns and adlectives, 321-466:
classification, 321b, c; I. a-stems,
326-34; II. i-and a-stems, 336



-46; in. S-, i-, and a- (and diph-
thongal) stems 347-68; IV. y-
stems, 369-76: V. consonant-
stems, 377-465: A. root-stems
etc., 383-410; B. derivative stems
in as* iB, us, 411-9; G. in an,
420-37; D. in in, 438-41; E. in
ant, 442-57; F. in vft&s, 458
-62; a. in yas, 463-6; — decl.
of numerals, 482-6; of pronouns,
491-621; of adjectives infiected
pronominally, 622-6.

declinable stems, composition of, with
verbs, 1090-5; derivation of — see
derivation.

decompound compounds and their
analysis, 1248.

decrement and increment of elements,
123, 234ff.

demonstrative pronouns, 495-603.

denominative conjugation, 540a, 1053
-68; formation without sign, 1064 ;
with sign ya, from stems of various
final. 1055-64; their occurrence,
1057; meaning, 1068; relation of
ay a- and fiya-stems, 1059 c: re-
lation to causative, 1041c, 1056,
1067; with signs Bya, kfimya,
Spaya, 1064, 1065; with fiya,
beside nft-class verbs etc., 732,
1066; from other stems, 1066 a, c;
inflection, 1068; declinable stems
from denom. stem, 1068 b, 1149 d,
1178h, i, 1180d.

dental series of mutes (ti th, d» dh,
n), pronunciation eta, 33, 47, 48;
peculiar quality of Skt dentals,
47 a; dent character of 1, 26; of
1, 61, 63; of B, 60; assimilation
of dent, to palatals and Unguals,
118, 196-203, 205; dent sibilant
and nasal converted to lingual,
180-95; anomalous conversions to
guttural and lingual, 161a, b;
of guttural, palatal, and labial to
dental, 161c, e: — and see the
different letters.

dependent clause, accent of verb in,
595.

dependent compounds , 1247 d - f,
1263, 1264-78; noun, 1264; ad-
jective, 1266; their varieties, 1266
-78: with ordinary noun or ad-
jective as final member. 1267, 1268;
with root-stem, 1269; derivative
in a, 1270; ana, 1271 ; ya, 1270;
participle in ta or na, 1273; ti,



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



544



Oeicbral Index.



1274; in, 1275; i. 1276; van,
man etc., 1277, 1278; dep. comp.
in possessive use, 1296.

derifatioD of adyerbs, 1097-1109; of
declinable stems, 1136-1245: in
general, 1136-42; primary, 1143
-1201; secondary, 1202-45.

deriyatlTe or secondary conjugation —
see secondary.

descent, a^ectWes and nonns indicat-
ing, 1206 a.

descriptlYe oomponnds, 1247 d-f,
1263, 1279-91; of ordinary ad-
jeotiye with nonn, 1280; of appo-
sitlonal nonn with noun, 12o0d;
with participle as final member,
1283, 1284; with gerundiye, 1285;
with root-stem, 1286: with other
yerbal derivatiyes, 1287; with in-
separable prefix as prior member,
1288; with yerbal prefix etc., 1289;
with other adyerbial words, 1290;
special cases, 1291; descr. comp.
in possessive nse, 1297 if.

desideratiye conjngation, 540, 1026-
40; meaning, 1026, 1040; used in
fatnre sense, 1040 a; formation of
stem, 1027-9; abbreyiated stems,
1030; nse of union- vowel i, 1031;
inflection , present-system , 1032 ;
other forms, 1033-6; deriyatlye
or tertiary conjugations ttom desid.
stem, 1039; desid. i^om causative
stem, 1052c; declinable stems f^om
desid. stem, 1035, 1036, 1140b,
1149d, 1159b 1161 d,il78g; desid.
root-stems, 392 d; fatuie in desid.
sense, 949; desid. in fu^nre sense.
1040 a.

determinative compounds , 1247 d-f,
1262-91; dependent, 1264-78;
desoriptiye, 1279-91; in possessiye
ad^ectiye use, 1293 if.

devatft-dvandvacomponnds,125i a,
1255.

diminutiyes, secondary derivation of,
1206b, 1222d, 1243.

diphthongs (e» &i, o» ftu), mode of
writing with consonants, 10 g, h;
pronunciation etc., 27-30; protrac-
tion of, 78 c ; enphonic combination
as finaJs, 131-5: — and see the
different letters.

diphthongal stems, declension of, 360,
361.

div- or div-class of yerbs — see
ya-dass.



double stems, present, 815; aorist,
894d, 897b.

doubling of aspirate mates, 154; of
a final nasal, 210; of oh, 227; of
first consonant of a group, 229 ; of
a consonant after r (and h, 1, v),
228.

dual number, its use, 265; its forms
in declension, 308; in personal pro-
noun, 492 b.

dual finals e. i, il uncomblnable,

^ 138a, g.

dvandva compounds — see copula-
tive.

dvlfl^ compounds, 1312.



eighth class of yerbs — see u-class.

elision of initial a, 135; how mark-
ed. 16; its infrequency in Yeda,
13Dc; elision of initial ft, 135d; of
final a or 8, 137 b.

emphasis, accent of yerb for, 598.

emphatic pronoun, 513.

enclitic or dependent cirenmfiex, 86,
86.

endings, of inflection and deriyatlon,
98-100; of declension 306-10; of
singular, 307; dual, 308; plujal,
309; normal scheme, 310; end. of
a-stems, 327-9 ; of i-and u-stems,
336-8; of radical S^, I-, u-stems,
349; of deriyatlye do., 363; of |w
stems, 371; of personal pronouns,
492, 493; of general pronominal
declension, 496; — end. of con-
jugation, 523, 541-69; of 1st
sing., 543: 2d, 5U; 3d, 545^ of
Istdu., 546; 2d and 3d. 547: of

• Ist pi., 548; 2d, 549; ^d, 560:
normal schemes, 553; accent, 562
-4; end. of 2d and 3d sing, tak-
ing the plaoe of root-final, 555a;
union-yowels , 555 b, c; end. of
subjunctive combined nfith mos^^
sign, 560-2; of oputiye, 566; of
precatlve, 568; tftt of imperatiye,
570; — end. of derivation — see
sufiflxes.

euphonic combination of elementB,100,
101; rules respecting it, 109-226.

exclamatory pronoun, 507; exelam.
prefix from Interrogative pronoun,
506, 1121 e.

extension of oons.-groop6, 227-30.

external and Internal comblnatloD,
distinction of, 109-12; cases of



Digitized by



Google



General Index.



545



external comb, in declension. Ill a, b;
in derivation, 111c, d, 1203 e.

feminine stems: to ft-stems, 332,



Online LibraryWilliam Dwight WhitneyA Sanskrit grammar : including both the classical language, and the older dialects, of Veda and Brahmana → online text (page 57 of 59)