William Dwight Whitney.

A Sanskrit grammar : including both the classical language, and the older dialects, of Veda and Brahmana online

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334b; to 1- and u-stems, 344^6;
to r-stems, 376 a; to cons.-stems,
378 a, 401c, 436, 436, 449, 462b,
469, 463d; fem. in i from ya-
stems, 1210 c; fem. forms in com-
position, 1260 h.

fifth class of yerbs — seenu-class.

finals, permitted, 122, 139-62; most
nsual, 149; only one final consonant
allowed, 160; exceptions, 150 b, c;
anomalous changes of final mntes,
151 ; final consonants of stems and
endings, 139 a.

final clauses, modes used in, 681 c, d.

first class of verbs — see a-class.

first or non-a-conjugation of verbs,
its chara<^teristics, 604.

forms, stronger and weaker, of roots
and stems, 104e, 105, 106; — and
see variation of stem.

fourth class of verbs — see ya-
class.

Aractional use of ordinals, 488.

frequentative conjugation — see in-
tensive.

future passive participles — see ge-
rundives.

future tenses, 532; their uses, 948,
949; fut. systems, 635, 931-60;
8-future and conditional, 932-41;
periphrastic future, 942-7; future
use of pros., 777 ; of desid., 1040 a;
desid. use of fut, 948 b; fut par-
ticipial phrases, 1075 d.

gender in declension, 262, 263.

general and special tenses, 599 a.

genitive case, uses of, 294-300:
witii adj., 296; with verb, 297,
298; with prepositions, 299a, 1130;
with adverbs, 299 b ; gen. absolute,
300 b; loss of accent of gen. with
vocative, 314 d, e; gen. infinitive,
984; gen. used adverblaUy, 300 a,
1116; as prior member of com-
pound, 1260 e.

gerunds, 639, 989-95; their uses,
989, 994; ger. in tvft, 990, 991,
993; in ya or tya, 990, 992,
993; in tvSya and tvi, 993 b;
in tv&nam and tvinam, 993 c;
adverbial gerund in am, 996.
Whitney, Grammar. 3. ed.



gerundives, or future passive parti-
ciples, 961-6, 12121, 1213. 1216
-8; ger. in ya, 962-3, 1213; in
tavya, 962, 964, 12121; in aniya,
962, 965, 1215b; in tva, 966a,
1209 h; in enya. 966 b, 1217;
in i^yya, 966c, 1218; in elima,
966 d, 1201a; ger. in composition,
1286.

grave (anudfttta) accent, 81.

gxu^a-strengthening, character and oc-
currence of, 27, 236-43, and oa»«tm ;
ijQ primary derivation, 1143 a; in
secondary, 1203 a, 1204g.

guttural series of mutes (k, kli« gt
ghp &), pronunciation etc., 33,
.39-41, 180 a; asserted gntt char-
acter of a, 20a; of h, 66 a; pal-
atals from original gutt, 41-3;
Q and h do., 64, 66;- reversion of
palatals etc. to gutt form, 43, 64,
142, 145, 147, 214-26: — and
see the different letters.

heavy and light syUables, 79.

hiatus, avoidance of, 113, 126-38;
not avoided in Veda, 113 b^ 126 e,
129 e; its occurrence as result of
euphonic proc^ses, 132^, 176 b, d,
177.

hu-class of verbs — s«e reduplicat-
ing class.

imperative mode, 633, 669, 572, 575,
578; scheme of its endings, 653 d;
its 1st persons old subjunctive,
633, §74, 578; impv. form in tat
and its uses, 570, 671; with in&
prohibitive, 679c; Vedic. 2d sing,
in si, 624; impv. use of infini-
tives, 982d.

imperfect, tense, 632, 699; its use,
779.

imperfect time, no real designation of,
632 a.

increment and decrement of elements,
123, 234if.

indecUnables 98 a, 1096-1136: ad-
verbs , 1097-1122 ; prepositions,
1123-30; conjunctions, 1131-3;
interjections, 1134, 1135; derivative
stems from indecUnables, 1202b,
1245; compounds with indecl. as
final member, 1314 a, f.

indefinite pronouns, 513 c; indef. use
of interrogative and relative pro-
nouns, 507, 511.

35



Digitized by VjOOQIC ,



546



QfBSfEBiAL hXTPBX



inflttltires, 538, 968-88; liter, 968,
987 ; earlier, 969-79; uses, 980-8;
relation to ordinary rer^al nouns,
969, 970L

inseparable prefixes, 1121; in de-
scriptiTe compoMtlon, 1283 ff., 1288 ;
in possessive, 1304.

insertfons between stem and ending
in declension, 313.

instrumental case, uses of, 278-84;
of separation, 2i83a; witJi preposi-
tions, 284, 1127; gerundial, 989;
used adyerbially, 1112; as prior
member of coMpound, 1250 b.

IntenslTe for ArequehntatlTe) conjuga-
tion, 540, 1000-25; character and
occurrence, 1000, 1001 ; redupli-
cation, 1002, 1003; inflection, pres-
ent-system, 1004-17; derivative
middle itiflection, 1016, 1017;
forms outside present-system, 1018,
1019, 1025; doubtful fntens. for-
mations, 1020-4; derivative or
tertiary conjugations from intens.
stem, 1025.

inteijections, 1134, 1135; their flnal
vowel uncombinable, 138 £

intehial and ertemal <iomblnation,
distinctoon of, 109-^12.

internal change, question of derlva-
tldn ^y, 12081.

interrogative particles, 1122f.

interrogative pronoun, 504-7; its in-
deflnlte use, 507 ; exelamhtory prefix
from It, 606. 1121 j.

InveMed compounds, 1291c, 1314 d.

i^-aorist, 824, 898-910: formation
of 'Stem, 898-900; inflection, 901,
902; roots making it. 903; irregu-
larities, 904; modes, 905-8; from
secondary conjugations , 1010. 1035,
1048, 1068a.

jihvftflraUya-spirtint, 69, 170d.

kamisdltfiMya compounds — see

descriptive compounds.
Idri-dass of verbs — see nft-elass.

labial series of tanutes (p, ph, b,
bh, m), pronunciation etc, 33,
49/50; lab. character of, a/ tl»
20; of V, 51, 57, 58; anomalous
conversion of labial to guttdral,
151 d; to dental, 151 e: — and
see the dlfferOflf letters.

lengthening of vowels in formation



and lnfleetl6n, 244^; of Ansl
vowel In composition, 247, 1087 b;
In the sentence in Veda, 248.

light and heavy, syllables, 79.

lightening of a or S to an 1- or u-
•vowel, 249 ff.

' lingual series of mutes (^ th, '4* 4^
j^), pronunciation etc, 33, 45, 46;
non-orlglnallty and ordinary deriva-
tion 46; ling, character of f , 26;
of r, 61, 52; Hug. 1, 5a, 54; fing.
character of 9, 61; assimilation of
dentals to ling., 118, 196 ff.; Un-
guaUzaUon of B and n, 180-95:
— and see the different let-
ters.

locative case, uses of, 301-6; loc
absolute, 303 b-d; of goal of mo-
tion or action 301 e, 304; with
prepositions. 305, 1126; used ad-
verbially, 303 e, 1116; loc. Infini-
tive, 985; loc. use of adverbs in
tra, 1099; in ha, 1100a; in d&,
1103 b; loc. as prior member of
compound, 1250 d.

long and short quantity, 76-9.

manner, particles of, 1101, 1102,

1107, 1122 k.
manuscripts, native Sansklit, mode

of writing in, 9a, b.
middle stem-form in declension, 311.
nrlddle voice, 528-30; its use as

passive, 631, 998 c, d.
mode In verbal Inflection, 588; sub-

junttive, 657-63; optative, 564-8;

imperative. 569-71; uses of the

modes, 572-82.
multiplicative numeral adverbs, 489 a,

mutes, series of, their pronunciation
etc., 32-50: classiflcation , 32-8;
guttural series. 39-41; palatal,
42-4; Ungual. 45, 46; dental, 47,
48; labial, 49, 50; assimilation,
117 a. b; mutes permitted as finals,
141*3; anomalous conversions from
one series to another, 151: — and
see the different series.

nS^lass (ninth, kri-elssk) of Tttbs,
603, 717-32: formation of vtem,
717; inflection, 718i^26; roots of
the class, 727; Irregularities, 728

. -32; • accompanying -denottiinative
in iya, 732, 1066 b.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Geneiul Index.



547.



DtMl sfisimiUtion , 117c, f, g, 161,
198 b, 199 c.

naaal class (seventh . rudh-elass) of
verbs, 603, 683-96: formation of
stem, 683; inflection, 684-92;
loots of the class, 694 ; irregulari-
ties, 693-6.

nasal increment in strong forms, 265,
386. •

nasal mutes (fi, ft, i^, n, m), 34, 36 ;
their occurrence as finals, 143;
duplication, 210; assimilation of
preceding mute, 161, 198b, 199b;
abbreviation of consonant-gronp af-
ter, 231 : — nasal spirant or anu-
sv&ra. 70-8 ; — nasa) semivowels,
71 c, 206, 213 c ; — nasal vowels, 71,
72: — and see the different
letters.

nasality, Hinda definition of, 36 a.

negative particles, 1122 c-e; neg.
prefix, 1121 a-c.

neutral pron. of a, 21.

ninth class of verbs — see nft-class.

nominative case, uses of, 267, 268;
peculiar construction with verbs,
268a; with itl, 268b; with voc-
ative, 268 c; used adverbially,
1117; nom. use of Infinitive, 987;
nom, form as particle, 1117; in
composition, 1260 f.

noun and adjective, distinction of,
322; Infiection of nouns — see
declension.

nu-dass (fifth, su-class) of verbs,
603, 697-716 : formation of stem,
697; Inflection 698-707; roots
of the class, 708; Irregularities,
710-3, 716.

number In declension, 264, 266; In
coQjugation, 536 ; number-forms in
composition, 1250 g.

numerals, 475-89; simple cardinals,
475; Uieir combinations for odd
numbers, 476-81; inflection, 482
-5; construction, 486; ordinals,
487, 488; other num. derivatives,
489, 1104-6, 1246; num. figures, 17;
possessive compounds with num.,
1300; num. or dvlgu compounds,
1312.

omission, sign Indicating. 16.

onomatopoetic words, 1091, 1136 b.

optative mode, 633, 564-8; its for-
mation, 564, 565; scheme of end-
ings combined with mode-sign,



666; i^reoaUve, 567, 921-6; spheme
of prec. endings, 668; uses of
opt., 673-82; with m^ prohib-
itive, 579 b; optative use of aug-
mentlest preterit forms, 587.

order of subjects In the grammar,
107; as best taken up by a stu-
d^t, 108, 112; of subjects In euph.
combination, 124.

ordinal numeral adjectives, 487, 488.

pada-endings In declension. Ilia.

palatal series of mutes (o^ oh, J, Jh,
ft), pronunciation etc, 33, 42-4;
derived from original gutturals, 42;
reversion to guttural form, 43,
214fr. : euphonic combinations, 118,
119, 214-20; treatment as finals,
142; assimilation of dentals to,
196-203; pal. character of 1, I,
20; of y, 51, 66; of 9, 63, 64;
palatal foY guttural in reduplica-
tion, 590b: — and see the dif-
ferent letters.

participial compounds, 1247 g, 1309.

participles, 534, 537, 683, 584 1172
-7; of present-systems, 619 etc.
etc; of perfect, 802-7; of aorist,
840, 852, 872, 897, 909 ; of future,
939: passive part., 962-8, 1176,
1177; active, In tavant, navant,
959, 960; future passive, 961-6;
of secondary conjugations, 1012,
1013, 1019, 1037, 1043e,f, 1051,
1068; part in possessive composi-
tion, 1299; — Inflection of part
in ant, 443-9; in vftfts, 468-
62; — part.-phrase8, periphrastic,
1074, 1075; — relation of part,
and adjective, 967.

particles , 98 a ; prolongation of final
vowel of, 24oa; part, giving ac-
cent to verb, 695 c, e, 598 a.

passive conjugation, 531, 640, 998;
present-system (y4-class), 606, 768
-74; aorist 3d sing., 842-6, 1048;
periphrastic perfect, 1072; partl-
ch>le in ta or na, 962-8, 1051b,
1176, 1177; future partftiples, 961
-6 (and see gerundives); pass,
use of Infinitive, 988; pass, ttom
Intransltlves, 999 a ; pass, of secon-
dary conjugations, 1025, 1039,
1062a; pass, constructions, 282a,
999.

past use of present tense, 777, 778.

perfect tense, 582; scheme of Its

35*



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



General Index.



dings, 563c; uses, 821-3; —
irf.-system, 535, 780-823: for-
ation of stem, 781-94; redu-
ication, 782-91 ; strong and weak
3m-forn)s, 792-4; endings and
eii combination with stem, 795
I; union-vowel 1, 796-8; in-
ictioti, 800; irregularities, 801;
Jticiple, 802-7: its inflection,
►8-62; modes, 808-16; pluper-
ct, 817-20; — periphrastic perf.,
)70-73. .

)ct time, expressed by so-called
rist, 532 a, 825, 928; by perfect,
12, 823; by participial phrases,
175 d.

>hrastic conjugation 640 a, 1069
5; periph. future, 532, 931, 942
; its uses, 949; perfect, 1070
, 1018, 1034, 1045; aorist and
ecative, 1073 b; present, 1073 c;
triph. participial phrases, 1074,

m.

on In verbal inflection, 536.
onal endings — see endings of
>nJagation.

onal pronouns, 491-4; nouns used
I such, 514.

ses , derivatives from , 1202 b ;
mpounds from, 1314b.
a, particles of, 1099, 1100, 11221.
erfect tense, 632, 817-20 ; plup.
me, no designation of, 532a;
ve by participial phrases, 1075 d.
don, length of syUable by, 79.
jssive adjectives, 1206 a 1229 b,
t30-36; pronominal, 516.
essive compounds, 324, 1247 g,
(93-1308; poss. dependents.
196; poss. descriptives, i297ff. :
Ith ordinary adjective as prior
ember, 1298; with participle,
199; with numeral, 1300; with
•positive noun, 1301-3; with
verb, 1304-6; added sufflxes,
il2c, 1307; pregnant use, 1308.
itlve optative, 533b; its forma-
)n, 56^; scheme of endings, 5flB ;
ec. in later language, 921-6;
e, 673 c

ositions, 1123-30; words used
such, 1123-5; cases construed
ith them, 1126-30; gerunds used
, 994 g; — prep, in composition
Ith roots — see verbal prefixes,
ositional compounds, 1247g,1310;
ith added suffix, 1212 m.



present tense, 632; its uses, 777,
778; — pres.-sy8tem, 636, 599-
779: prominence as part of verb-
system, 600; yarieties of form and
their classification, 601 -9;, various
from same root, 609; conjugations
and conjugation-classes , 602-10;
first or non-a-conjugation : I. root-
class , 611-41 ; n. reduplicating
class, 642-82; 111. nasal class,
683-96; IV. nu- and u-class,
697-716 ;.V. nft-dass, 717-32;
second or a-conjugation, 733: VI.
a-class, 734-50; VII. accented
4-clas8, 751-8; VIU. ya-class,
769-67; IX. yi-class, or passive
conjugation, 768-74; so-called
cur- or tenth class, 776; uses of
tenses, 776-9; of modes, 572-81;
— pres. stems, derivatives from,
1140 c.

present use of perfect, 821 c, 823;
of aorist, 930.

presumption o r conjecture, future of,
948.

primary and secondary personal end-
ings, 642 ff. ; confttsion of them in
use, 636 d, 938 a, 938; normal
' schemes, 563.

primary derivation, 1138-1201: rela-
tion to secondary, 1139; f^m what
made, 1140, 1141; union-vowels,
1142; form of root, 1143; accent,
1144; meaning, 1146, 1146; prim,
sufflxes and the derivatives made
with them, 1148-1201.

prohibitive expression, 674, 579, 580.

pronominal roots, 490; their char-
acter, in inflection and derivation,
1137 b, 1138; adverbs trom them,
1097 ff.

pronouns , 490-521 : personal , 491
-4; demonstrative, 495-603; in-
terrogative, 604-7; relative, 508
-12; emphatlcS indeflnite, 513;
nouns used pronominally , 514;
pron. derivative adjectives, 615
-21 ; adjectives declined pronom-
inally, 522-6.

pronunciation — see system of
sounds.

protracted (pluta) quantity , 78;
proti. flnal vowel uncombinable^
138e.

punctuation, signs of, in devanfigari,
16 d.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



General Index.



549



qaantity of consonants and vowels,
76-8; of syllables, 79.

r-endlngs of 3d pi., 650 d.
^ radical stems — see root-stems.

reduplicated (or causative) aorist, 824,
866-73 1046, 1047; formation of
stem, 867-63; Inflection, 864-7;
use in primary conjugation, 868;
in causative, 1046, 1047; modes,
869-71.

reduplicating class (third, hu-class)
of verbs, 603, 642-82: reduplica-
tion and accent, 642-6; inflection,
647-667; roots of tlie cUss, 669;
irregularities, 668, 660-82.

reduplication, occurrence of, 259;
general rules for forming, 688-90 ;

? resent red., 643, 660 ff.; perfect,
82-91; aorist, 857-63; intensive,
1002; desiderative, 1029; in deri-
vation, 1143 e; anomalous, 1087 f.

relationship, nouns of, in r, 369 if.,
1182 f.

relative clauses, peculiarities of, 612;
modes used in, 581a; accent of
verb in, 696.

relative compounds, improper name
for possessive, 1293 d.

relative pronoun, 608-12.

repeated words, 1260.

resolution, in Veda, of semivowels
into vowels, and of vowels into
two sylUbles, 56 a, 68 a, 84 o, 113 b,
126c, 129e, 309f, 363a, 470b,
666 c, 761 g, 771 g.

reversion, so-called, of palatal mutes
and sibilant, and of h, to guttural
form, 43, 64, 66, 119, 142, 146,
147, 2l4ff., 681, 787, i028f,
1176 a.

roots, 98-100; roots of the Skt
language, 102-6; roots and root-
forms ace to the native gramma-
rians, 103, 104.

root-aorist, 824, 829-45: in later
language, 829; in older, 830 if.;
modes, 835-9; participles, 840;
passive aor. 3d sing., 842-6.

root-class (second, ad-class) of verbs,
603, 611-41; inflection, 612-23;
roots of the class, 626; irregulari-
ties, 624, 626-41.

root-stems, their occurrence and use,
323, 383, 1137 1147; aa infini-
tives, 970 a, 971; in dependent
composition, 1269; in descriptive.



1286; inflection of such stems in
ft, 1, d, 349 361; in consonants,
383-410; sometimes govern accut.,
271 d; neut. pi. forms, 379 b.
rudh-class of verbs — see nasal class.

B-aorist, 824, 878-97: formation of
stem, 878, 879; endings and com-
bination with stem, 880, 881;
question of loss of B in certain
forms, 834, 881; inflection, 882;
irregularities, 884-91; absence of
1 in 2d and 3d sing, in older
language, 888-90; modes, 892-6;
participles, 897 ; — 8-aor. stem in
derivation, 1140 c.

8-future, 931-9: formation of stem,
932, 936; use of union-vowel i,
934, 936; occurrence, 937; modes,
938; participles, 939; its preterit,
the conditional, 940, 941; uses,
948.

sa-aorist, 824, 916-20 f roots allow-
ed later to make it, 916: occur-
rence in older language, 919, 920;
Inflection, 917, 918.

secoBd class of verbs — see root-
class.

second or s-conjugatlon of verbs, its
characteristics, 606, 733.

secondary adjective compounds, 1247g,
1292-1310.

secondary coQjogations, 640, 996-
1068: passive, 998, 999; intensive,
1000-1026: desiderative 1026-40;
causative, 1041-62; denominative,
1063-68; tertiary, or derivative
from secondary, 1025, 1089, 1062.

secondary derivation, 1138, 1139,
1202-46; reUtion to primary, 1139;
union-vowels, 1142; forms of stem,
1203, 1204; accent, 1206; meaning,
1206; sec. suffixes and the deri-
vatives made with them, 1207-45;
external combination in sec. deriva-
tion, HI c, d, 1203e.

secondary personal endings, 642 if.;
normal scheme, 653 b.

semivowels (y, r, 1, v), pronuncia-
tion etc.. 51-8; nasal semiv., 71o,f,
206, 213 d; semiv. assimiUtion,
117d-f: — and see the dif-
ferent letters.

sentence, rules of euphonic combi-
nation in, 101; their probable ar-
tificiality, 101a.

series or classes of mutes, 32 ff.



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



550>



Genbbal Indbx.



soTeiith clMt of verbs -—see oMal
class.

«A-80iinds (^ and 9), 61, 08.

short aDd long quantity, 76-9.

sibilants^ (9, 9, b), pronnnciatlon etc.,
60-4: — and see the different
letters*

sibilant or sigmatic aorist, 924, 874-
920: formation and classlflcation,
874-7; 4. B-«Drist, 878-97; 5. if-
aorist, 898-910 ; 6. si^-aorUt, 91 1-5 ;
7. BOraorist. 916-20; its stem in
derivation, 1140c

simple aorist. 824, 828-55: 1. root-
aorlst, 829-41; passive aor. 3d
sing., 842-5; 2. amorist, 846-55.

ai9-aorist, 824, 911-5: fonnaaon Of
stem, aod inflection; 911 ; forms In
older language, 912, 913; modes,
914; middle forms, 915.

sixth class of verbs — see 4-class.

sonant and surd sounds, 34, 35; Hindu
d^nition of their difference, 34b ;
mutes, 34, 35; affpirates, 37, 38;
question as to character of h, 65 a;
of final mute, 141b; euphonic as-
similation of the two classes, 117,
156-78.

special and general tenses, 599 a.

spirants, 59 ff.: sibilants, 59-64;
aspiration, 65; other breathings,
67-9.

stems, inflectible, 98-100, 106; their
derivation — see derivation.

strengthening and weakening process-
es, 234-60.

strong and weak, 01 strong, middle,
and weakest, forms of stems in
declension, 311; of roots and stems
in general, 104-6; confusions of
strong and weak forms in decl.,
462c; in conj_^ 566 a; strong forms
in 2d sing., 723; in 2d du., 704,
831a, 839, 1007b; in Sd du.,
793h, 639; in 1st pi., 621b, 658,
676 a, 793 h, 831 a, 832; in 2d pi.,
618, 621b, 654^ 658i, 669, 690,
704, 707, 723, 831a, 839; in 3d
pi., 793 h, 831a.

au-class of verbs — see nu-class.

subjunctive mode, 533 ; formation and
endings, 557-62; its first persons
used later as impeiative, 533, 574,
578 ; subj. use of augmentless pret-
erit forms, 56a, 587; uses of subJ.
mode, 574-82.

suffixes, 98-100; forming adverbs,



1097-1109; do. decUnable stems
— see derivation.

superlative — see comparison.

surd and sonant sounds — see sonant

syllables, quantity of, 79; distin-
guidied as heavy vnd* light, 79.

system of sounds, 19-75: vowels
and diphthongs, 19-30; conson-
ants, 31ff.: mutes, 32-50; send-
vowels, 51-8; sibilants, 59-64;
aspiration, 65, 66; vlBajqga and
other breathings, 68, 69; ana-
Bvfira, 70-3; unwritten sounds
defined by Hindu grammarians,
74^ 230 ; scheme of spoken alpha-
bet, with notice of comparative
frequency of the sounds, 75; quan-
tity, 76-9; accent and its desig-
nation, 80 - 97.

tan-class of verbs — see u-dass.

tatpuru^a-compounds — see deter-
minatives.

tense in verbal inflection, 532; tense-
systems, 535; present-system, 599
-779; perfect-system 780-823;
aorlst-systems . 824-930 ; future-
systems, 931-950.

tenth class of verbs — see causative
conjugation, and our-class.

tertiary, or derivative from secondary,
conjugations, 1025, 1039, 1082,
1068 a.

third class of verbs — see redupli-
cating class.

time, particles of, 1103, 1122j.

transliteration, general method of, 5;
of sign of elision, 135b; of com-
bined flnal and initial vowels, 126 a ;
of anuBTftra, 73 c; of accent, 88 a,
89.

tndHslass of verbs — see &-clas8.

u-class (eighth, tan-class) of Tttbs,
603, 697-716; formation of stam,
697; inflection, 698-707; roots of
the class, 709; irregular root k^
orkar. 714, 715; other irregulari-
ties, 716.

uncombinable (pfagflOTA) ^^1 vow-
els, 13a

uninfleeted words — see ladadin-
ables.

union-vowels, 254, 655b, c; i in
present Inflection, 630, 631, 640;
in perfect, 796-8, 803; ia attdst,



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



General Index.



551



876 b, 877; in s-fatare, 934 936;
in periphrastic future, 94d; in
desiderative, 1031 ; in passiTe par-
ticiple, 956; in inflnitiye and ge-
rund, 968, 991; In derivation,
1142: — i in present inflection,
63l4; in 2d and 3d sing., 555b;
in intensive, 1004 ff.; i for i, 900b;
&i for i, 656 e.
upadhmftnlya-spiraut, 69, 170jd.



variable or changeable ^ of roots,
242; treatment of, 245 b; in pass-
ive, 770 c; in 8-aor., 885;* in i^-
aor., 900 b; in prec, 922 a; in s-
fut., 936 a; in pple, 966 d, 957 b;
in infln. , 968 d; in tvft-gerund,
991b; in ya-gerund, 992 a; in
desid., 1028 b.

variation of stem-form in declension,
311, 312; in f-Btems, 370 b; in
consonantal stems, 379, 385-8,
421, 443, 444, 468, 463; — in
conjugation, 556; in present-stem,
604; in perfect, 792-4; in aorist,
831 fr., 879, 899; in intensive,
1004; in primary derivation, 1143;
in secondary 1203, 1204; in com-
position, 1249 b, c.

verb — see conjugation.

verb-forms, accentuation of, in the
sentence, 92b, 591-8; prolonga-
tion of final a or 1 of . 248 c, d;
comparison of, 473 c, 474; comb,
with insep. prefixes, 1121b, g, i.

verbal prefixes, 1076, 1077; kindred
words, 1078, 1079, 1120; compo-
sition with roots, 1076-87, 137;
enph. effect on root, 185, 192,
1066; accent, 1082-6; their more
independent use, 1084, 1118; pre-
positional uses, 1126; forms of
comparison, 473 b, 1119; declinable
stems from roots compounded with
them, 1141, 1282; use in descrip-
tive composition, 1281, 1289; in



possessive, 1306; in prepositional,
1310.
vlsarga (or viaarjanlya) , 67-9;

Quantitative value, 79; occurrence,
44, 146, 170-72; alphabetic or-
der, 7a, 172a:. — and see h.

vocative case , form of, 266 a, 3(57 k ;
Yedic, in as, 425g, 454b, 462a,
465 a ; accent (&long with quali-
fying word), 92a^314; verb ac-
cented* after, 694 a.

voice in verbal infleetion, 528-31.

vowels, how written in devanftgari
with consonants, 10 ; sign of absence
of, 11; their pronunciation etc.,
19-29: a-, i-, u-vowels, 19-22;
y-, }- vowels, 23-6; diphthongs,
27-9; quantity, 7^, 78; accent,
80 ff.; nasal vowels, 71; rules of
vowel - combination , 126-38 ; re-
sulting accent, 128, 130, 136 a;
exceptional cases, 136-8.

v^ddhl-strengthening, character and
occurrence of, 27, 236-43, and
pasaim; in primary derivation,
1143a; in secondary, 1204.

w-80und, belonging to v, 67.

weak, or weakest, form of stem in
declension, 311.

weakening and strengthening pro-
cesses, 234-60.

writing in India, 2a; mode of, in
Skt. manuscripts, 9 a, b ; its modi-
fications in western practice, 9 c-e.

ya-class (fourth, div-class) of verbs,
606, 759-67 :. formation of stem,
759; inflection, 760; roots of the
class and their classification, 761,
762; irregularities, 763-7.

y&-class of verbs, or passive present-
system, 606, 768-74; formation
of stem, 768-70; inflection, 771;
irregularities, 772-4; y&- forma-
tion from intensive stem, 1016,
1017



Digitized by VjOOQ iC



• / ' f V J 7 y



/- -i . •^, .?



> • J



'■^ I,



. / ^ ^ Z^-.



?



ERRATA.

ur. Loc. — for f^Icpg read HRtH

8t 1. — » bh&v&ntai » bh&vftntfti.



Online LibraryWilliam Dwight WhitneyA Sanskrit grammar : including both the classical language, and the older dialects, of Veda and Brahmana → online text (page 58 of 59)