William E. A. (William Edward Armytage) Axon.

The annals of Manchester: a chronological record from the earliest time to the end of 1885 online

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Bow, Edinburgh, January 22. He was the last direct male representative of the
ancient family of Lever, of Great Lever, Darcy Lever, and Little Lever, but
latterly of Kersal, Collyhurst, and Alkrington Halls. Mr. Lever, like his
grandfather. Sir Darcy, and his uncle. Sir Ashton, was a liberal promoter of
literature, science, and the arts.

Mr. William Bate man, of Pendleton, died January 25, aged 73. He was the
original founder and xealous supporter of the Deaf and Dumb Institution of
this town.

Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte visited Manchester, and inspected
various manufactories and public buildings, January 29.

Dr. William Hibbert died January 31, at Shukar Ghars, a Jungle in Scinde.
He was an officer of the Queen*s Royals, and having gone out shooting with



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igs^ Annals of Manchester. 205

two other officers, and the jungle harlng been set on fire to force the wild
RnimaLi from the covert, the wind changed and the three unfortunate men
were sarrounded by the flames, in which they perished. There was some sus-
picion of treachery. Dr. Hibbert, who was only 26 years of age, was a son of
Dr. Hibbert- Ware.

Elicabeth Potts, widow, daughter of James Barnes, of this town, died Feb.
8, in the Manchester Workhouse, at the alleged age of 102. She was bom in
May, 1737, and baptised at the Collegiate Church in September, it is said, of the
same year.

A fire occurred at the Manchester Cotton Mills, in IfiUer Street, in the
occupation of Bfr. Beaver, February 1ft

Bfr. Fergus O'Connor, M.P., was arrested in Manchester, and tried at York
(Lssises, Bfarch 16, for seditious libel in the publication of three speeches in the
Northern Star, one of them delivered at Bfanchester by William Dean Taylor.
He was found guilty, and was sentenced to eighteen months* imprisonment in
York Castle.

George Whittaker, aged S3, attempted to murder his wife in Club Row,
Oldham Road, March 17. He received sentence of death August 14, but this
wsA commuted to transportation.

The key-stone of the arch of Victoria Bridge was set by Mr. Humphrey
Trafford, Bfarch 23.

Benjamin Robert Haydon visited Manchester for the purpose of apprentic-
ing his son Frank, as an engineer, to Fairbaim. He took lodgings for his boy
at W,MiU Street, Anooats. March 25.

Mr. James Chapman, attorney, appointed first coroner for the borough of
Manchester, April 8.

Colonel John Ford, formerly of Claremont, near this town, died April 15, at
Abbeyfleld, near Sandbach, Cheshire. He was colonel of one of the Manchester
Volunteer r^ments, and also one of the feoffees of Chetham's Hospital

Anti-Corn Law Circular, Na 1, April 17, was published by the AnU-Com<
Law Association.

Bfr. J. F. Foster was appointed recorder of the borough of Bfanchester April
18» but resigned in Bfay.

2 Victoria. Act for effecting improvements in the streets and other places
within and contiguous to the town of Bfanchester. April 19.

A contribution entitled "A Week in Manchester** appeared in Blacktrood'a
McLgaMine for April, and was immediately replied to in a pamphlet called A
Ftw Days at Manehester^ by Whitewood and Ca, Bfanchester,

The Hope Street Schools, Oldfleld Road, wero opened in ApriL

The Bfanchester Institution for the Illustration and Encouragement of
Practical Science was esliabUshed in ApriL

The Ladies' Baaar for the benefit of the Female Penitentiary, Bfay 8 and 9,
realised £1.000.

Bfr. ThomM Cooper, M.D., LL.D., died at Columbia, South Carolina, May 11.
Bom at London October 22, 1750, he waq educated at Oxford, was called to the
bar, and also stsdied medicine. His democratic principles led him to France,
and his four months in Paris he afterwards declared to be the happiest period
of his life. Here be learnt a process for making chlorine from ooDuno& salt, and



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206 ArmdU of ManchegUr. [xsst

settled in Manchester as a bleacher. He became obnoxloiis to the Goyemment
for his liberal sentiments, and his boose, with that of Mr. Thomas Walker,
was attacked in a "Church and King" riot in 1790. He left England with Dr.
Priestley, and in 1796 he estabUshed himself as a lawyer in Pennsylvania. In
1709 he was imprisonedf)and fined for a libel on President John Adams. In 1806
he became a land commissioner and afterward a judge, bat was removed in 1811
on a charge of arbitrary conduct. He was professor of chemistry at two
colleges, and wrote numerous works on politics and law.

Major-General Daniel Seddon, the youngest surviving son of the late Mr.
John Seddon, of Acres Bam, died May 18, in Paris, aged 78. Seddon, who was
educated at the Grammar School, entered the army and was several years in
the East Indies, and one of the few who survived thirteen months' imprison,
ment in the dungeon of Chiteledroog. He afterwards served in Russia and
Egypt; and during the rebellion in Ireland he received the thanks of the
county of Antrim for his defence of the town of Antrim from the rebels.
Sword in hand, at the head of 20 dragoons, he charged the rebels, who had
posted themselves to the number of 500 in the principal street. He was one oC
the only three who survived. He was afterwards appointed inspecting field
oflloer in the northern district, and had the rank of mijor-general conferred
upon him for training Portuguese troops.

BCanchester and Leeds BaiLway was opened as far as Littleborough, June 4.

2 Victoria, cap. 17. Act to enable the trustees of the estates devised by
William Hulme, Esquire, to appropriate certain parts of the accumulated fund
arising from the said estates towards the endowment of benefices, the building
of churches, and for other purposes. June 14.

The police, organised by the new corporation of the borough, commenced
their duties, Monday, June 17.

Mr. Richard Beswiek appointed head constable of the borough of Manches-
ter, at a salary of £400 per annum, June 17.

The Borough Police Court, Brown Street, was opened June 181 It was
previously the Bianor Court Room.

The Salford Lyceum held its first general meeting, June 10.

Victoria Bridge was opened, with a grand procession, June 20. Outside the
north battlementi in the panel over the key-stone, is this inscription: "This
bridge was built at the expense of the inhabitants of the hundred of Salford,
upon the aito of SalfUd Old Bridge, of three Gothic arches, erected In the year
of our Lord one thousand three hundred and sizty*fiv«. The first stone waa
laid tn the first year of the reign of Queen Victoria, and the bridge waa opened
on the twentieth of June, In the third year of her reign, and in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty*nine, and was, by Her Majesty's
permission, called * Victoria Bridge.*** Total cost £20,80a Hie first vehicle
that croeaed the bridge was a wagon lielonging to Messrs. Lupton and
Adamthwalte, bivwer^ Cook Street^ Salford.

BIr. John Ogden, attorney, appointed first clerk of the pc«ce for the borough
of Manchester, June dl.

The first Quarter S<«tdons for the borough of Manchester waa held Juno
M^ beftte Mr. HiUvrt Bay nee Arm»trong, recorder.

2and9Vict^ia. Act to anahla the Manchester and Blrmln^a» Railway



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2g^] Armala of Mamcheder. 207

Ckimpany to vary and extend the line of their railway, and to amend the Act
relating thereto. July i.

The warehouse of Messrs. Nathans, Lloyd Street, was destroyed by flre»
July 17. The damage was reckoned at £12,000.

The first stone of the Hall of Science, Campfield, was laid August 6.

The first Manchester cab was made by Mr. W. H. Beeston, of Tib Street,
for Mr. William White, of Spear Street, who began to ply from Piccadilly,
August 5;

} The '* Chartist holiday " began August 12. There were riots in Manchester
^ and the vicinity.

A fire in a warehouse in Dickenson Street, occupied by Saalfleld and Co.,
August 15, caused damage to the extent of £20,000.

2 and 3 Victoria, cap. 87. Act for improving the police in Manchester for
two years, and from thence until the end of the then next Session of Parliament.
August 20.

Manchester Police Bill received the royal assent, August 27. Sir Charles
Shaw, Knt., appointed commissioner, at a salary of £700 per annum, September.
He took possession of the old and new police establishments, October 17.

A full-length statue of Dr. John Dalton, by Chantrey, placed in the
•ntrance-hall of the Royal Institution, August.

Several of the Chartist leaders were tried at Chester Assises in August.
' At Liverpool, Edward Riley was convicted of military training and rioting
near Manchester. Messrs. Bronterre O'Brien, R. J. Richardson, Rev. W. V.
Jackson, and others, were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment.

The Unitarian Chapel, Brook Street, opened September L

At the election for the borough of Manchester (under the precept of Ifr. T.
Evans, boroughreev^), 5th September, the following were the numbers at the
close of the poll : Mr. Robert Hyde Greg, 8,000 ; Rt Hon. Sir Geoige Murray,
knight, 2,060 ; Colonel Feyronnet Thompson, 88.

At the election for the borough of Manchester, held 0th September, under
the precept of Mr. Thomas Potter, the mayor of the borough, the following
were the numbers at the close of the poll : Mr. Robert Hyde Greg, 8^421 ; Bight
Hon. Sir George Murray, 8,150.

The clock of St. Ann's Church was lighted with gas, September 28.

The Heaton Park Races were '* removed" to Liverpool in September.

The SeraUi of the Future^ No. 1, Octobers, No. (and last), March 7, 1840.
The editor was George Frederick Mandley. (See under date 1863). It includes
contributions by J> C. Prince, and articles introducing him to the public. The
six numbers were made up into a volume, but no author's name was attached.

Sir Oswald Mosley, Bart, lord of the manor, laid the first stone of All
Souls* Church, Every Street, Anooats, October 26. He generously gave land
and property to the amount of £1,400 towards its erection and endowment.

The Bianchester and Salford Junction Canal, connecting the river Irwell,
near the Old Quay, with the Rochdale Canal, near the Albion Mills, was opened
October 28.

The Manchester (Geological Society held its first annual meeting, October 8L

The Rev. Dr. Elsdale, high master of the Grammar School, resigned, and
the Rev. J. W. Richards was appointed his successor, October.



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S08 Annals of Manchester. ^^

Mr. Thomas Potter re-elected mayor of Manchester, November 9.

Mr. William Mordock died November 22, at Handsworth, near Birming-
ham, aged 86. This was the gentleman who first introduced gas into Man-
chester, having commenced with Messrs. Philips and Lee's factory, in Salford*
in 1803. Gas was first publicly exhibited in England by Messrs. Boulton and
Watt, Soho Works, Birmingham, on the rejoicings for the peace of Amlfina
in 1802.

The Rev. William Robert Hay died December 10, at the rectory house,
Ackworth, aged 78. His father, the Hon. Edward Hay, was the third son of
George Henry, seventh Earl of Kinnoul, by Abigail, youngest daughter of the
celebrated Harley, Earl of Oxford. He received his education at Oxford, and
during the early part of his life devoted himself to the study of the law, and
when a barrister on this circuit. In 1793, married Mrs. Astley, relict of the late
Mr. John Astley, of Dukinfield. She was the daughter of Mr. Wagstaffe, of
this town. Mr. Hay now entered into holy orders, and was presented to the
rectory of Ackworth, in Yorkshire, by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lan-
caster. In the year 1803 he succeeded Mr. Thomas Butterworth Bayley a*
chairman of the Quarter Sessions for the Hundred of Salford, which office be
held until 1823, when he retired. Mr. Hay was presented to the vicarage of
Rochdale by the Archbishop of Canterbury, at the solicitation of the Govern-
ment, as a reward for the very active services he rendered during the stormy
period of 1818-19, and especially for his share in the Peterloo massacre. There
is a life of him in Howorth*s Lives of the Vicars of Rochdale,

John Shawcross, for twenty-four years principal clerk to the BCancheater
Police, died December 17, aged 06.

The general committee of the Church of England Sunday Schools was dis-
solved December 20. At this time only eight out of twenty-two churches were
connected with the Union. (Bardsley's Memorialed p. 135.)

St. Luke's Church, Cheetham Hill Road, was built by subscription.

The Athenaeum, Bond Street, opened. The building was designed by Sir
Charles Barry, and cost nearly £9,000. (See also 1837.)

Fbst-offioe and other rooms added to the Exchange, of which the area alto*
gether was over 5,606 feet. The Exchange was rebuilt in 1878.

The Social Pioneer printed by Abel Heywood.

The Chartist demonstration held on Kersal Moor was estimated by the
Northern Star to have been attended by half a million people. This was, of
course, a gross exaggeration, but it was larger than Its predecessor of Sept. 23^
which was said to number aQ0,00a (Gammage*s History of the Chartist Move-
mentf p. 126»)

The Begensratar, a weekly, published at Manchester, to which FHnee and
Procter were contributors. (Procter's Literary Beminiscenees.)

The first edition of Festus was published anonymously in Manchester,
where the author (Bir. Philip James Bailey) was then resident. {Book Lort^

voU i., p. 83.)

The length of main pipes laid down by the Manchester Gas Company ainee
the Gas Act of 18i4 was sUted to be 75 mUes 4Sb yards.

St. Luke* Church was consecrated.

8t^ John the Bvangelist's Church, Broughton, consecrated.



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AnnaU of Maaichegter. 209



1840.

An Anti-Ck>m Law Banquet held in the Free Trade Hall, Peter Street,
January 13, being the first public meeting held in that building. About 4,000
persons attended. Mr. Daniel O'Connell, M.P., visited Manchester, and took
part in the banquet.

The Irwell overflowed 24th January. Captain Sleigh, chief of police,
finding that some cottages were surrounded by water, constructed a raft out
of palings and a gate, and succeeded in rescuing the inhabitants. For this he
received the medal of the Royal Humane Society.

A Conservative festival was held in Chorlton-upon-Medlock, January 27.

The Operative Conservatives of Salf ord gave a dinner to Sir George Murray
and Bfr. William Gamett, February 8.

The first anniversary dinner of the Manchester Law Association was held
at the Blackfriars Inn, February 7.

The Manchester petition for church extension, with 10,206 signatures
attached, was forwarded for presentation by Sir Robert Inglis, February 14.

Mr. Jonathan Hatfield died, at Naples, 25th February. He was the son of
Mr. Jonathan Hatfield, merchant, of Cheetham, and was educated at Trinity
College, Cambridge. He was a lover of art, and resided in Italy for some years
before his death, and presented to the Royal Institution casts from sculpture,
which cost £2,000. (Baker's MemcriaJU, p. 104.)

Bfr. Henry Wyatt, an artist of distinguished excellence, died February 27,
aged 45. Mr. Wyatt was a native oi Thickbroome, near Leicester, and a pupil
of Lawrence's. From 1817 to November, 1819, he was painting portraits at
Birmingham ; he then removed to Liverpool and Manchester, where he con-
tinued till 1825, when he removed to London, but in 1837 he returned to Man-
chester to paint the portraits of a few friends, when he was seixed with an
illness which proved fatal. His remains were interred at Prestwich, a locality
to which he was particularly attached.

BCr. Michael Wilscm died, February 27, aged 77. He was a furniture
broker, and the author of some of the songs in The Songs of the Wilsons.

The Victoria Gallery of Science was opened for the exhibition of models
and the delivery of lectures, March 2.

Messrs. Hilton and Bradshalgh and Messrs. Brookes and Dugdale's ware-
houses, situate in Palace Street and Callendar Street, were destroyed by fire.
March i. The damage was reckoned at £7,100.

Bev. William Nunn, BLA., incumbent of St. Clement's Church, died 0th
March. He was a native of Colchester, and was bom May 18, 1788. After
several country curacies, he came to Manchester, where the living of St.
Clement's was purchased for hiuL He was very active as a clergjrman, and
acquired great influence. Several of his sermons have been printed. His
Memoirs^ edited by Rev. B. Pym, appeared in 1842.

Mr. James Bottomley died at Cheetwood, March 15, aged 78. He had been
a lieutenant In the 15th Foot, and was the engraver of a number of Interesting
local printa.

Mr. George Beswick, one of the 72nd, or Manchester Volonteert, who
served at the siege of Gibraltar, died at Bolton, March 25^ aged 79,
o



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210 Awnala of Mancheder. qmo

A building sltnAted in Little Lever Street^ and ooeupled by Bir. Jonee, Bfr.
Johnson, and Mesan. Elce and Co^ as macMne BhpiM» was destroyed by fire,
Biarch31. The damage was £6,000.

8 Victoria, cap. IS. Act to enable the Manchester and SaUord Jnndion
Canal Company to raise a farther sun of money, and to alter, amend, and
enlarge some of the powers and proTisions of the Act relating tothesaid canaL
April 3.

A poU took place for the election of chnrchwardens, there being two lists
presented, one by Mr. George Clarke and the other by Bir. Richard Cobden,
which terminated in favoor of lir. Clarke's Ust by a minority of 4,178^ the
numbers being— for Ifr. Clarke's list, 9,912 ; for Mr. Cobden's list, S,704. April.
Messrs. Benshaw and Co.'s flax mill, Adelphi, Salford, was destroyed by
fire. May 3. The damage was estimated at £2,000.

Mr. Adam Mort, of Davy hnime, one of the few surriving heroes of the 72nd,
who served at the siege of Gibraltar, died May 81, aged 89.

The Manchester and Birmingham Bailway was opened to the pablic as far
as Stockport, June 4.

Bev. Thomas Calvert, D.D., warden of the Collegiate Church, died June 4,
aged 05. He was bom at Newsham, near Preston, and his father^s name was
Jackson, but in 1810 he assumed the name of Calvert in consequence of a fortune
left him by a friend of that name. Dr. Calvert was a pupil of Wilson at Clitheroe,
and thence proceeded to St. John's College, Cambridge, where he was fourth
wrangler. Lord Liverpool admired his preaching, and presented him to the
rectory of Wilmslow, but the right of the Crown to this patronage was con-
tested, and it was found to be vested in the family of TraflTord of Trafford, who
were Boman Catholics. When the wardenship fell vacant it was offered to
him. Several of his sermons have been printed. Dr. Calvert succeeded to the
wardenship upon the death of the late Dr. Blackbume in 1823. He was
interred in the Collegiate Church, June IL

Bfr. W. Clarke, bookseller. Market Plaee, died at his residence, Plymouth
Grove, June 15.

The Bight Hon.: Thomas Reynolds, Earl Ducie, P.QJS., FJS.A., died
at his seat, Woodchester, near Cirencester, June 22, aged 85 years.

The Hon. and Bev. William Herbert* LL.D., B.D., was installed into

the wardenship of the Collegiate Church upon the death of Dr. Calvert, July 9.

Mr. W. S. Butter, the coroner for the district, appeared at the Borough

Court to answer a charge of assault upon Mr. Chapman, the coroner for the

borough, and was held to bail to answer the charge at the sessions. July 14.

A meeting of Chartist delegates held 20th July, at which it was resolved to
organise the ** National Charter Association of Great Britain." The Manchester
delegate, William Tillman, was appohited secretary. (Gammage's JETistory ot
the Chariisi Movement^ p. lOft)

8 and 4 Victoria, cap. 30. Act for the mors equal assessment of police-rates
in Manchester, Birmingham, and Bolton, and to make better provision for the
r Mce in Birmingham, for one year, and to the end of the then next session of
I'arli.iment. July 23.

Two nephews of the King of Ashantee visited the town, and inspected tha
T ju io u» manufacturing establishments and public buildings. July.



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1S40] Anruda of Manchester. 21 1

The tiUe of tlie warden and fellows of the Collegiate Chorch of Man*
Chester was, by an Act of Parliament, changed to that of dean and canons,
Angost 11.

The Chartist leaders. Dr. Peter Murray MacDooall, and John Collins, on
their release from Chester Castle Prison, entered Manchester in procession
2^d August, and were entertained at dinner in Carpenters' Hall, under the
chairmanship of the Bey. James Scholefield. (Gammage*s History of the
Chartist MovemsrU, p. 202.)

Mr. Thomas Jewsbury, the father of Miss M. J. Jewsbury (Mrs. Fletcher)
and of Miss G. B. Jewsbury, died August 28, aged 79.

The Old Quay Company commenced the deepening of the river Irwell up to
Victoria Bridge, so as to enable vessels of 900 tons to come into the centre of
the town* but the project was never fully carried out. August.

A new Post Oi&oe, under the Borough Court In Brown Street, was opened
for public business, September 7.

Mr. Jeremiah Fielding died, September 7, aged 61 In 1812 he filled the
oiBoe of boroughreeve of Manchester.

The first stone of the Lancashire Independent College at Withington was
laid by Bev. Dr. Baffles, of Liverpool, September 23. A large scaffolding
erected for the convenience of visitors gave way, and many ladies were severely
bruised, but fortunately none were killed.

Mr. John Walton, for upwards of 60 years drawing master in this town,
died at Croydon, in Surrey, September 90, aged 70l

The Manchester and Leeds Bailway was opened from Leeds to Hebdcn
Bridge, October 9.

The Mormon missionaries and disciples in Manchester claimed to possess
*' the gift of tongues,** and one of them was put to the test, 12th October. Elder
James Mahon having declared to Mr. Thomas Taylor, of the Mason Street Saw*
mills, that he was willing to appear before anyone who might be selected, and
convince them of his inspiration, a formal meeting was held. Some Hebrew
was read to him, which he could not understand. He then spoke what he
declared to be Hebrew, but the teacher of languages, who was the referee,
declared that there.was not a word of Hebrew in his Jargon.— {See An Account
of the Complete Failure, Ac, by Thomas Taylor (Manchester, 1S40).

A large building, situated in Peter Street, belonging to Mr. Hobson, carrier,
but occupied by various tenants, was destroyed by five, October 15. The
damage thus caused was between £4,000 and £5,000.

Mr. David Bellhouse, builder, died October 18, aged 77.
lir. William Neild elected to the mayoralty, being the second mayor,
November 9.

The following placard was posted in the town of Manchester : " The bell-
man of Manchester and Sa\tOTd.^Notice is hereby given, that William Sher-
man, postK>fflce keeper, of New Windsor, Salford, and of No. 3, Old Militate,
Market Place, Manchester, is duly appointed to the office of bellman of the
towns of Manchester and Salford; the appointment of which exclusively
belongs to Arabella Penelope Elisa Hoare, wife of Peter Bichard Hoare, of
Kelsey Park, in the county of Kent, esquire, as one of the descendants of the
Chetham family, formerly of Clayton Hall and Turton Tower, in this



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212 Annals of Manchester. ittt

county. Any person found trespassing after this notice upon his rights and
privileges will be prosecuted.~Barrett, Ridgway, and Ford, solicitors for
Mr. and Mrs. Hoare.— Norfolk Street, Nov. 17, 18ia** {PaZcUine Note-book^
vol. ii., p. 221.)

All Souls* Church, Ancoats, was consecrated November 18. It was erected
at a cost of £4,000. The first stone was laid October 25, 1839. The first incum-
bent was the Bev. Samuel Warren, who had been expelled from the Wesleyan
Connexion, as the result of the Fly-sheets controversy. He was the father of
Mr. Samuel Warren, Q.C., the novelist.

The Union Carrying Company's warehouses, Piccadilly, destroyed by fire,
and the damage was estimated at £30,000. December 20.

The first election of guardians under the new Poor Law took place Dec 29.

Mr. Charles Cudmore, professor of music, and composer of the Martyr of
Antioch, an oratorio, died December 29, aged 63.

The marriage of Queen Victoria was celebrated by public dinners at various
places in Manchester and Salford, and the several public and private insti-
tutions were thrown open to the public In the evening there was a partial
illumination.

The Derby Chapel, in the Collegiate Church, was repaired and new roofed
at the expense of the Earl of Derby.

Mr. Thomas Potter received the honour of knighthood upon presenting an
address of congratulation, adopted by the Town Council, to the Queen, on her
escape from assassination by Oxford.

1841.

Richard Dunstan, Governor of the New Bailey, resigned January 9, and



Online LibraryWilliam E. A. (William Edward Armytage) AxonThe annals of Manchester: a chronological record from the earliest time to the end of 1885 → online text (page 28 of 63)