William E. A. (William Edward Armytage) Axon.

The annals of Manchester: a chronological record from the earliest time to the end of 1885 online

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cashire and Cheshire was held at the Woodman Hut, Great Anroats Street,
January 24, at which petitions were set on foot praying for a Ten Hours
Factory Bill for five days in the week and eight hours on Saturdays.

A great meeting was held in the Com Exchange, under the auspices of the
Peace Society, with a view to pass resolutions condemnatory of the proposed
enrolment of the militia, and to petition Parliament against the same. Feb. 2.

The first annual meeting of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce was
held in the Town Hall Buildings, King Street, February 0. Mr. Thomas
Basley presided.

The Swinton Schools were opened in February.

A meeting was held in the Town Hall on behalf of the Ten Hours Bill,
March 2. Lord Ashley, Mr. Richard Oastler, and Mr. Thomas Fi^den were
present.

Mr. Charles Bwart died March 23, aged 77 years. For twenty-four years ho
was in the Soots Greys, and at the battle of Waterloo was fortunate enough to
take an eagle of one of the most distinguished divisions of the French infantry*
For his gallantry on this occasion Sergeant Ewart received his commission as
ensign in the Royal Veteran Battalion. His wife survived him ten years, and
died 28th August, 1850. There is a long account of Ensign Ewart in the
OentUmatCe ifajreuine, IMO, vol. L He is buried in the Bolton Street Grave-
yard, Salford.

The Manchester Court of Record for the recovery of debu up to £50 was
opened before Mr, R. B. Armstrong, recorder, the mayor, Mr. Biaude, and
several other magistrates. March 30.

A fire broke out at the Theatre Royal during the performance, and
destroyed some of the stage machinery. March 30.



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236 ArtTials of Manchester. ^sm

Hr. John William Atkinson died at Hambnrg, April 8, in his 23rd year.
His talents were Tarious : as a marine painter he showed great talent. His
** Phantom Ships" is said to be of a very high order. He was the son of Mr.
T. W. Atkinson, at one time an architect in Manchester, bat better known as
an Oriental traveller.

Mr. Benjamin Naylor died 12th April, aged 84 years. He was educated at
Warrington Academy, and from 1780 to 1806 was Unitarian minister at
Sheffield, where he published, in 1803, a sermon on the Jtight and Duty of
I>e/ensive War. Owing to the failing health of Ms brother-in-law, he gave up
the ministry and became a merchant in Manchester.

Mr. William Harter, Pendleton, appointed High Constable of the Man-
chester Division of the Hundred of Salford. April 10.

The Richmond Independent Chapel, Broughton Street, Salford, was opened
by Dr. Baffles. April 22.

A public meeting was held in the lecture-room of the Athenieum to advo-
cate early closing in the Manchester houses of business. April 22.

Shakspere*s birthday was celebrated at the Manchester Athensum by the
delivery of an oration by Mr. George Dawson, M.A. April 23.

In consequence of the scarcity of ice this season, thirty cartloads of snow
were brought Into Manchester early one morning in April, and sold to the fish-
mongers at 22s. per ton, to deposit in the ice-house under the Shambles.

The Bishop of Chester restored rural deans throughout the archdeaconry of
Manchester. ApriL

The Synod of the Presbyterian Church in Bngland held its annual meeting
in the Scottish Established Church, St. Peter*s Square, at the end of April.

The purchase by the Corporation of Manchester from Sir Oswald Mosley of
his manorial rights was completed, subject to the payment of the balance of
the purchase money by instalments as agreed. May 5.

A destructive fire at the Albion Bridge Mills caused damage to the extent
of £3,500. May 9.

« 9 Victoria, cap. 10. Act to enable the Company of Proprietors of the
Manchester and Salford Waterworks to raise a further sum of money. May 14.

Mr. David Holt, who was highly respected for his philanthropy, died at his
residence in York Street, Stretford Road, May 30, at the age of 82. He was at
one time very largely engaged in the manufacture of sewing cotton. He was
the author of Miscellaneous Extracts^ 1836 ; Incidents in the Life of David
Holty including a Sketch of some of the Philanthropic Institutions of Man*
Chester during a Period of Forty Tears, 1813. (Manchester School Register
VOL ii., p. 49.)

The Whit-week races held on Kersal Moor for the last time. This race-
course was first used in 1730. Mr. Procter has given the history in Our Turf.
Stage, and Ring. The last meeting was marked by a fatal accident to Byrne,
a rider in the hurdle race.

The new organ in Cross Street Chapel was opened, June 1.

The Jubilee Conference of the Methodist New Connexion was held in Man-
chester in the first week of the month of June.

Some confusion and disorder at a service in St. Patrick's Chapel, Uvesey
Street, originating in the rcnaoval of the Rev. Daniel Hcame from St. Patrick^



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IBM] Awnals of Manchester. 237

diBtrict to London. June?. Apablic meeting was held at the Free Trade
Hall in his hononr. A testimonial was presented to him on the occasion, con<
slating of a green silk purse containing 270 sovereigns, a large and splendid
gold crucifix and chain, value £40, a beautiful gold watch, chain, and appen-
dages, value £40, and an elegant silver breakfast service. June 15.

Ibrahim Pacha, Viceroy of Egypt, and second son of Mehemet All, visited
the chief manufacturing establishments of the town, June 17.

and 10 Victoria, cap. 120. Act for more eilectuaUy regulating the Salford
Hundred Court, for extending the Jurisdiction and powers of the said court,
and for establishing and constituting it as a Court of Record. June 20.

St. John's Church, Longsight, was consecrated, June.

Trinity Church, Busholme, was built at the sole expense of the late Mr. T.
C. Worsley, of Piatt Hall* It was consecrated in June, and cost £3,600.

The Anti-Corn Law League was dissolved at a great meeting of its chief
adherents in the Town Hall, July 2, in consequence of the passing of an Act of
Parliament providing for the abolition of the Com Laws.

An extensive fire in the cotton factory occupied by Mr. Rigg, Blackfriars,
Salford, July 10.

The Right Hon. Thomas Milner Gibson, having accepted office in the
Government, was re-elected member of Parliament for Manchester by show of
hands in St. Ann's Square, with only three dissentients. No other candidate
appeared. July 13.

The Manchester Markets Act, ISIO, received the royal assent July 10. By
this Act the old manorial markets were placed upon an enlarged and more
satisfactory footing. Butchers and fishmongers were empowered to sell in
their private shops upon taking out an annual licence from the Corporation,
and by the schedules to the Act the maximum rates of toll, stallage, and rent
to be paid In respect of goods sold in the market and for space occupied therein
were definitely fixed. The official reference to the Act Is and 10 Victoria*
cap. 219.

Mr. John Worthington, the inventor of the "Tide Water Power,** dropped
down dead in his garden in Moss Lane, July 20.

and 10 Victoria, cap. 267. Act for vesting in the Sheffield, Ashton-under-
Lyne, and Manchester Bailway Company the Peak Forest Canal and the
Macclesfield Canal. July 27.

and 10 Victoria, cap. 271. Act to enable the Company of Proprietors of
the Manchester, Bolton, and Bury Canal Navigation and Railway to raise an
additional sum of money, and to amend the Acts relating to the compa n y.
July 27.

Mr. John Owens died 28th July, aged 66. He was the son of Mr. Owen Owens,
and was bom in lianchester in 1790, and became his fathet^s assistant and ulti-
mately his partner In the business of manufacturer of hat linings, furrier, and
currier. In 1834 Owens became a partner with George and Samuel Faulkner,
in the firm of & Faulkner and Co., as spinners, but he soon retired from part*
nership. In 1844 Owen Owens died, and John Owens inherited the whole of
his father's property. In politics Owens was a Radical, and in favour of the
abolishment of University Tests, and so, when Owens, finding his end
approaehlng, offered the bulk of hia property to George Faulkner, the latter.



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238 Annals of Manekesier. OMt



with a noUe dUntercrtediiess, dedined it. ''My boy. John.'lie nid, ''is
dead, and aa I have aa mndi money or man than I ahall ever require, why
ahoiUd yoa not foond a cdteee in tUa dty, and cany o«it in ita foundation
those princtplea that yon have so earaeBtlyprodaimed daring yoor lifer This
advice vraa aeted apon, fte John Owens, by his vrill, dated 8Ut May, 1812,
directed that the reaidne of his personal estate ahoold be aiqjiUed to the found-
ing of an educational institotion, which was called Owena Collie. The
amount of the property thua left was over £100^000. John Owens waa never
married. His death waa caused by the rupture of a UoodvesseL {Papencf
ManehuUr Literary Clvb, voL iv^ pu 186; CiiyHewt^ voL U^ta;OidSauiK-
Ed8t Laneaahire^ p. 34.)

Lower Broughton waa first lifted with gaa. August 8.

The repeal of the Com Lawa vraa commemorated by a general holiday and
an immense procession, fdUowed by gnat ftastivitiea and an illumination.
Augusts.

9 and 10 Victoria, cap. 306. Act to enable the Manchester and Leeds
Bailway Company to make several Branch Hallways, and to authorise the
amalgamation of the Preston and Wyre Hallway, Harbour, and Dock Company
with the Manchester and Leeds Hallway Company. August 8.
V and 10 Victoria, cap. 378. Act to incorporate the Company of Proprietors
of the Manchester, Bolton, and Bury Canal Navigation and Bailway with the
Manchester and Leeds Hallway Company. August 18.

and 10 Victoria, cap. 88. Act to unite and to incorporate the trustees of
certain charitiea established by Mr. Humphrey Booth, the elder, and by
Mr. Humphrey Booth, his grandson, respectively, and to amend an Act of
Parliament made and passed in the fifteenth year of Hia late Mi^Jesty King
George the Third, intituled an Act to enable the trustees of certain Charity
lands belonging to the poor of Salford to grant building leases thereof, and to
make further provision for the beneficial management and administration of
the several charity estates and charities of the said Humphrey Booth, the
elder, and Humphrey Booth, his grandson, respectively. August 18.

and 10 Victoria, cap. 380. Act for enabling the Huddersfleld and Man*
Chester Hallway and Canal Company to make a branch railway from their main
line of railway to Oldham. August 1&

Charlotte Bront« visited Manchester 21st August, in company with her
father, upon whom the operation of the extraction of the cataract was per-
formed. The Hev. Patrick Bronte and his daughter remained for about a
month lodging in one of the suburbs. On the day when the operatiea was per-
formed ahe received from a London publisher a curt refusal of Th0 Frofe8S9rt
which had been ofliBred for publication. (Gaskell's Life ofBranti.) She visited
Manchester earlier in the month with her sister Emily. (See also under date
June, 1851.)

The public parks of Manchester and Salford— Fdel Park, Queen's Park,
and Philips Park— were opened with a great procession and festivities,
August 22.

Mr. John Palmer died at Manchester S3rd Augusk He was bom at Bishop
Middieham, Durham, 1783, and lived in Manchester for 83 years. Ha waa
author of MUtorp of ikt Sitgt of Mamckesiar and ArthiUciwrQl J)$9cripHcn



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Armala of Manchester, 239



of the CoOegiaU Church. He was an architect by profeeslon. (Procter^s
Maneheater Streets, p. 191.)

The Dochesa of Gloaoeater visited Manchester on her way to Worsley Hall,
Octobers.

In the course of ezcaTations at New Ooss seyeral skeletons were dis*
coyered. In the earlier part of the century it was customary to bury suicides
at this place.

The boroughreeTes ceased to be elected, their functions merging in those of
the mayor. The last who served the office was Mr. Alexander Kay.

. 1847.

Mr. James Crowther died at Bfanchester January 0. He was bom at Man-
chester June 24, 1768, and was remarkable for his knowledge of botany. He
was one of a remarkable group of Lancashire artisans who attained distinction
as naturalists. (Cash's Where 1 here's a WUl, &c.)

Mr. Turner Prescott died at Manchester March 8. He was a native of
Wigan, and was bom Oct. 17, 1800. He was the author of The Law of Distress
for Rent on Property not the Tenanfs Considered and Condemned, 1848.

Mr. OttiweU Wood died at Liverpool, March 4, aged 87 years. He wss
treasurer of Manchester College. His son John was elected M.P. for Preston,
in 1820, and in 1830 was appointed Recorder of York.

The Manchester Races first held at Castle Irwell, May 2S.

The Very Rev. and Hon William Herbert, LL.D., died in London, May
28. He was a son of the first Earl of Carnarvon, and was bom Jan. 12, 1778.
He received his education at Eton and Oxford. In 1814 he was presented to the
Rectory of Spofforth, in Yorkshire, a living he retained till Us death. On
the 10th of July, 1840, he was instaUed Warden of the Collegiate Church. On
the Collegiate Church being constituted a Cathedral he became ite first Dean.
Dr. Herbert was an eminent classical scholar and botanist. His principal
published works were Musee Etonensis, 1706; Ossiani Durthula Greece
reddita, 1801; Select Icelandic Poetry, 1804; Miscdlaneaus Poetry^

1805, 8 vols. ; Hedin, or the Spectre of the Tomb, 1880 ; The Wizard
Wanderer of Jutland, a Tragedy; u<th Julia Montalban: a Tale, 1822; The
Guahiba: a Tale, 1822; Iris, 1826; Amaryllidaeeeu, 1897; AttHa, King of the
Huns, 1837. In 1848 his works were collected and issued In 3 vols. There is
an account of Dean Herbert as a botanist in the Proceedings of the lianchester
Literary and Philosophical Society, vol. xxv., p. 43. Dean Herbert married, in

1806, the Hon. Letitia Emily Dorothea Allen, who survived her husband, and
died June 14, 1878, aged 94. Dean Herbert's eldest son was Henry William
Herbert, who emigrated to New York, and became well known under the
pseudonym of ** Frank Forrester** as a writer on sporting and natural history,
and also as a novelist. H. W. Herbert committed suicide May 17, 1858.

10 Victoria, cap. 14. Act to amend some of the provisions of the Man*
Chester MarkeU Act, 1840. June a

The restrictions on bonding in the port of Manchester were removed,
June 21.

Dr. Charles W. Bell was elected physician to the Royal Infirmary by the
board of that institution, in the room of Dr. Satterthwaite, resigned, July L



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240 Anrude of Ma/nchester. ^^j

Mr. James Smith, bootoBeUer, St. Ann's Place, committed suicide, July L

Independent Chapel, Pendleton, opened by the Bev. Dr. Baffles, of liver-
pool, and the Bct. James Parsons, of York. July 4.

The Grand Duke Constantine, second son of the Emperor of Russia, arriTed
in Bianchester, attended by Baron Bmnow, the Bosslan ambassador, and suite,
including Vice- Admiral Lutke, If. di Berg, Secretary to the Embassy, Baron
Eharppes, Bear- Admiral Heiden, Count Orloti; Colonel Losikowsky, and Pro-
fessor Grimm. The Grand Duke and suite visited some of the principal manu*
factories in the town. JulyO.

The foundation stone of the south wing of the Boyal Infirmary laid by
Mr. Thomas Markland, who had been thirty years treasurer to that institution.
The ceremony was followed by a public dinner to Mr. Markland, at the Albion
Hotel, in recognition of his valuable services to the institution. July 8.

10 and 11 Victoria, cap. 169. Act to incorporate the Huddersfleld and BCan-
zhester Bailway and Canal Company and the Leeds, Dewsbury, and Manchester
Railway Company with the London and North- Western Bailway Company.
JulyO.

10 and 11 Victoria. Act to enable the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of
the borough of Manchester to construct waterworks for supplying the said
borough and several places on the line of the said intended works with water,
and for other purposes. JulyO.

Mr. William Hardcastle, cloth-dresser. Back Piccadilly, died July 12, from
leaping through Us bedroom window in his sleep. He was 07 years of age,
and had been for some time a somnambulist.

Thomas Price, a climbing-boy, aged seven years and seven months, died,
partly from the effects of suffocation and burning whilst rfAMii<«g a flue at the
premises of Messrs. Tennant, Qow, and Co , Jackson Street, ChorlUm-upon-
Medlock, and partly from ill-usage by his master, who was committed to
Kirkdale Gaol to await his trial on a charge of manslaughter. July IS.

Bev. G. H. Bowers, B.D., the new Dean of Manchester, read himself in at
the Collegiate Church, at morning and afternoon services, bef6rs numerous
congregations, July 18.

The Bight Hon. Thomas Ifilner Gibson and Bfr. John Bright, elected
members of Parliament for Manchester. The hustings wero in St. Ann's
Squaro. July 20.

The Roman Catholic Chapel, Cheetham Hill Boad, was consecrated by Dr.
Brown, Vicar Apostolic of the Lancashiro district, to the honour of the Blessed
Virgin and St. Chad. The altar in the Ladye Chapel was consecrated by Dr.
Briggs, Vicar Apostolic of the Yorkshiro district. It was the successor of St.
Chad's, Rock Street. (See under date 1774.) August 8. At the opening, August
4, in addition to the above named, sixty Roman Catholic clergymen took part
in the ceremoniaL

Joseph Speed committed f6r trial, for the murder of his two children and
attempting to murder his wife, August 4.

A dangerous flro broke out on the premises of Messrs. Mouncey and Stead*
man, packing-case makers. Joiner Street, St. Andrew's Lane, August flw Tha
damages wero estimated at £1,120.

The members of the Jewish community In Manchester presented a con*



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1M7) Annals of McMchester. 241

gratnlatory addreM to Btfon Botluchfld on his eleetion m one of the repre*
sentatiTes of the dty of London, Angiiet fL

A Are broke out in the works in Hergreaves Street* Bed Bank, ocenjiied by
Messrs. Groom and Whittaker, calico printers, Angnst?, by which the interior
of the premises was wholly destroyed.

A destmcUTe Are took place in the pile of buildings fronting Market
Street, and situate between Pool Street and New Brown Street The damage
was estimated at £80,000. August U.

Mr. James Holt Heron, father of Sir Joseph Heron, the first town clerk of
Manchester, died August 10, upwards of 70 years of sge.

A new lamp and fountain erected in Smithfleld Market, Shudehill, Aug. 21.

The Count de Montemolin, the eldest son of Don Carlos, and the Infante
Don Juan Carlos, visited Manchester, August 2i, and were conducted through
the principal manufactories.

Mr. William Brown, M.P., requested by a meeting of the Free Traders of
lisncashire to represent them at the Free Trsde Congress of All Nations, to be
held at Brussels on September 16w August 28.

Jenny Lind made her first appearance in Manchester, August 28. She
performed as Amine in La SannanUnUa. On August 81 she was serenaded by
the Liedertafel at Busholme House, the residence of Mrs. Sails Schwabs,
whose guest she was. She appeared as BCarian in La Figlia, September 2.
During her stay she was often seen riding on horseback in the direction of
Didsbury.

Mr. Hichard Porter Hewitt died at Blanchester, September 1. He was bom
at Chester in 1790, but had spent the greater part of his life, as a working
cabinet maker, in Manchester. He was author of Odes, RefUetivt and
Historical.

John Jones, a brewer, of Camp Street, scalded to death at the Grecian's
Head, Dea n s g ate, September?, by falling into a mashtnb of boiling water.

The Lancashire Public School Association began operations at No. S, Cross
Street, September 14. Mr. Edwin Waugh was the first secretary.

The Bev. James Prince Lee, M.A., Head liaster of King Edward's Free
Grammar School, Birmingham, appointed bishop of the new see of Manchester.
October.

Sir George Philips, Bart., M.P., died October a. Sir George was the son of
Mr. Thomas Philips, of Sedgeley, and was bom March 24, 1700^ and married his
cousin, October 17, 1788. He was created a baronet on February 21, 1828L He
was a member of the iirm of J. and N. Philips, Church Street, and was succeeded
by his only son. Sir George Hichard Philips. Sir George was the author of a
pamphlet on TKe Neeeasity of a Speedy and EJfeetuai He form in Parliament^
Bfarch, 1782, in which he is said to have had the assistjince of Dr. Ferriar.
He advocated in it the admission of women to the franchise. {Genileman'g
Majatine^ December, 1817, p. 080.)

When the Marquis of Lansdowne, on June 8, moved the first reading of the
Bishopric of Manchester Bill, Lord Brougham rose and examined the «*bill*
which had been brought in, on which he showed that it was composed of blank
sheeU of paper ! This ludicrous Incident Is not mentioned in Hansard. {Man*
ehe$t€r Guardian Local A'oies and QiMries, No. 088.)



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242 Armals of Manchester. n^^

Ralph Waldo Emenon visted Manchester, where he anrired October 20, and
was received at Victoria Station by Mr. Alexander Ireland, who has written an
Intereating biographical sketch of his friend. Emerson came by inyitation to
lecture before Tarions Mechanics' Institutions and other literary associations,
and the arrangements were made by Mr. Ireland. For some months Emerson
resided in Manchester, from whence, as from a centre, he went forth to lecture.
** During his stay in Manchester,** says Mr. Ireland, "and Just before going to
London, to pay a round of visits and to lecture, he invited a number of friends,
from various parts of the country, to dine and spend an evening with him at
his lodgings in Lower Broughton. His guests were principally young men,
ardent, hopeful, enthusiastic, moral and religious reformers, and independent
thinkers, gathered together from Birmingham, Sheffield, Nottingham, Liver-
pool, Huddersfleld, Newcastle, and other towns. One of them, a man of erratic
genius and of very straitened means, but nevertheless an inveterate smoker,
who not many years ago died in a lunatic asylum in New York, trudged on foot
all the way from Huddersfleld to be present, and next day performed the same
feat homeward. He has left behind him a detailed description of this gathering,
written in a rather sarcastic spirit, but curious for its life-like sketches of his
fellow-guests. One of the finest spirits assembled on that occasion, Henry
Sutton, of Nottingham, whose little volume of poems, in Emerson*s opinion,
contained pieces worthy of the genius of George Herbert, and who, happily, is
still living amongst us, honoured and beloved by his friends, says that the
impression on his mind was that the affair went oC admirably ; that all
seemed delighted to have had such an opportunity of coming into closer con*
tact with Emerson; that no one could but feel gratified by his kindliness and
gentle dignity; and that his conduct and manner were perfect. 'Any critidsm
to the contrary could only excite pity for the writer, if it did not too strongly
call for disgust.* It was a memorable symposium. With Us fine graciousness
of manner and delicate courtesy, Emerson listened with serene amiability and
an inefiably sweet smile to everything his young guests had to say, and made
them feel, as was his wont, that he was the favoured one of the party, and that
he specially was imbibing much wisdom and benefit from their discourse. In
the course of the evening, being urgently requested to do so, he read his lecture
on Plato^ then unpublished, but now in his BepreaenUUive Ifen.** Emerson
in his English Traits has several references to Manchester, and passes a fine
eulogium upon Mr. Ireland. The soiree of the Manchester Athenseum, in
November, was presided over by Sir Archibald Alison, and attended by Richard
Cobdea, George Cmikshank, and others. Emerson made a remarkable speecli,
which, as printed in the English Traits, differs, to some extent^ from the
apparently verbatim report in the Manchester Guardian^

The foundation stone of the Manchester Royal Lunatic Asylum laid at^
Stockport EtcheUs, by Mr. Thomas Townend, treasurer to the institution.
November 8.

The premises occupied by Mr. Charles Healey, clothes dealer, Shudehill,
completely destroyed by fire, December 23. Mr. Healey's daughter, sged 0. and
a servant woman, aged 60, were burnt to death by this fire. Damage to stock
and building estimated at £1,400.

Mr. J. H. Nelson, the sculptor of "Ycnns Attiring,** died at his temporary



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2M0] Annals of Manclieder. 243

residence, Mary Street* Strangewmys, December 26. He was a native of Man-
chester.

Mr. Edward Holme, M.D., died Nov. 28. He was bom at Kendal, Febmary
17, 1770, and was a student at the Manchester Academy, whence he proceeded



Online LibraryWilliam E. A. (William Edward Armytage) AxonThe annals of Manchester: a chronological record from the earliest time to the end of 1885 → online text (page 32 of 63)