William E. A. (William Edward Armytage) Axon.

The annals of Manchester: a chronological record from the earliest time to the end of 1885 online

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The Court Leet Jury presented that "greses, or stairs, descending to the
water of Erwell, Is in great decay." The inhabitants were assessed to repair
the same. October I.


No meat was allowed to be dressed or eaten within the town or liberties of
fifanchester on fast days under pain of ten shillings for every householder so
offending. October 6. (Harland's Court Leet.)


John Wolton, or Woolton, Bishop of Exeter, and late warden of the
Collegiate Church, died at Exeter, March 13. He was bom at Wigan (others
say Whalley) about 153S, "and was," says Bishop Goodwin, who had married
his daughter, " a pious, painful, and skilful divine." His Chrietian Manual^
1576, was reprinted by the Parker Society in 1861. Another of his works is
TJie Caaiell of Christiana^ 1577 ; New Anatomie of the Whole Man^ 157G.
(Wood's Athen, Oxon., voL L, p. 600 ; Sutton's Lancashire Auihora.)


"The sicknesse" or plague stated to have broken out at Clongh House,
Failsworth. (HolUnworth.)


John Dee, U. A., installed with great solemnity warden of the Collegiate
Church, February 20. Dr. Dee had frequent quarrels with the fellows of the
college, and in 1604 quitted the town, but he held his preferment till his death
in 1608.

The Court Leet jury ordered that no person was to be allowed to use butter
or suet in cakes or bread ; tine 20b. No baker or other person to be allowed to
bake said cakes, ftc. ; fine 20b. No person to be allowed to sell the same ; fine
20b. October a (Harland's Courf i>e^)

William West, Lord la Warr, died 30th December. The story of this noble-
man's life is a strange one, and there are some difficulties of date not easily to

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Annals of Manchester, 4*S

be understood. It U said that, having been adopted by his uncle. Sir Thomas
West, he was in too great haste to inherit, and prepared poison for the des-
patch of the old man, who was so incensed that he appealed to parliament,
which in 1518 debarred William from succeeding to his uncle's honours. This
Is not easily reconciled with the act of 1552. William West had sufficient
ability and good fortune as a soldier to be able to live down this accusation,
whether it were true or false. He served at the siege of St. Quentin, in
PIcardy, and was knighted at Hampton Court, 1568, and created by patent Lord
de la Warr. In 1569 an act of parliament granted him full "restitution in


The manor of Manchester sold by John Layce, mercer and citizen of
London, for £3,500, to Sir Nicholas Mosley, Knt, March 23. Sir Nicholas
Moeley had been SherifTof London in 1501, and was Lord Mayor in 1509. He
built Hough End (generally called the Old Hall), near Chorlton, upon a place
where a tenement occupied by his father had stood, and In which his son was
bom. This hall became the family seat for several generations, but was finally
abandoned for Rolleston, in Staffordshire. (See under 1579.)

Eight officers were appointed to see that no fleshmeat was eaten on
Fridays and Saturdays, and twelve for the overseeing of them that put butter,
cream, or suet in their cakes. September 30. (Barland^B Couri LeH Records.)


Dr. Dee, warden, with Sir Ralph Barber and Robert Talsley, clerk of lian-
Chester Church, with divers of the town, of divers ages, completed the peram-
bulation to the bounds of Manchester parish. This survey of the town took
six days to accomplish. Biay 4th. (Dee's Diary,)

"Manchester town described and measm*ed by Christopher Saxton, July
10. (Dee's iMary.) Saxton left on the 14th.

The following entry from the Court Leet records shows the rural character
of the town : " Richard Nugent hath purchased two messuages or tenements,
one bam, two gardens, one orchard, one acre of land, one half acre of meadow,
and one half acre of pasture, ftc., lying by the Mylne Bridge.** October 0.

The Court Leet Jury order " that no foreigner nor any other stranger shall
sell or measure any corn upon any other day than the Saturday and Monday,
and that to be after the bell rings.** (Harland*s Court Lett)


The College gate, towards Hunt*s Hall, fell down, together with part of the
wall, January 22. (Dee*s IHary,)

Oiptain William Raddiffe, son of Sir John and brother of Sir Alexander
Radcliffe, of Ordsal, was slain in the fight at Blackwater, when the English
were defeated by Tyrone.

In August Sir Alexander Radcliffe, of Ordsal, was slain when Tyrone
defeated the English forces at Cunley Hills. Sir Alexander was knighted at
the sack of Cadis, 20th June, 1508. His bravery is mentioned by Sir John

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44 Annals of Manchester. (leoo-isos

Harrington. Margaret Radcliffe was a favourite maid of honour of Qaeen
Eliaabeth, and sorrow for the death of her brother shortened her life, which
ended 10th Norember. Another sister, Anne, died soon after at the age of 18L

Edmund and Thomas BadclifTe, twin sons of Sir John BadclifTe, of Ordsal,
died of fever whilst on military service in Flanders.

On raising men to suppress the rebellion in Ireland, the magistracy of
lianehester were cautioned not to send any vagabonds or disorderly persons,
but young men of good character, who were well skilled in the use of the


The Court Leet directed that no person was allowed to weigh any yam or
other stuff but by the standard weights of the town. October 2. (Harland's
Court LeeL)

The principal streets of Manchester appear, from the Court Leet records,
to have been the Old and New Market Stids or places. Market Stid Lane, and
Alport Town, Meale Gate, Withingreave, Hanging Ditch, Smithy Door, and
so to Salford Bridge, Fennel Street, Toad Lane, Hunts Bank, Mylve Gate, and
the Mylners Lane. October 2.


A letter was addressed to Sir Bobert Cecil by Nicholas Moeley and other
leading laymen and clergymen, in which they complain that the Warden Dee
and the Fellows of the College, with one exception, are non>resident, and they
ask that a fellowship or the wardenship should be conferred upon William
Bourne, who had a yearly .pension from those "weU-affected to religion.**
{PalaHne KoU-book. voL 1., p. 48.)


In PtuquiTa JeaU there are two stories told of '* Merry Andrew of Man-
chester.** One of these stories is given in the Palatine Note-book^ vol. ill., p. 102,
and has since been modernised as a dialogue for school entertainments in the
Rev. J. A. Atkinson's ** Merry Andrew^of Manchester** (Manchester, 1884).


Oliver Carter, B.D., died in March. He was a native of Richmondshire and
wrote An Atisicer unto certain Popish QuMtiona^ lo70. HoUiuworth states
that he fell sick as he was preaching of God*s providing a succession of godly
ministers. Mr. William Bourne went up into the pulpit and preached on the
same text. One of Carter's sons was an Irish bishop.

In consequence of the detection of the Gunpowder Plot, Sir Nicholas
Mosley and Richard Holland wrote to the Constables of Manchester, Nov. 20,
enjoining watch and word to be duly kept. All strangers who were suspected
of complicity were to be examined before the next Justice of peace. {Palatine
yotc'book, iiL, 257.)

The plague visited Manchester, and about a thousand died. The chaplain of
the Collegiate Church, Mr. Kirke, his wife, and four children all perished. The
Rev. William Bourne continued to preach throughout the visitation, **inthe
towne,** says HolUnworth, **so long as he durst by reason of the unruliness of

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1107-1606] AriTiala of Manchester. 45

Infected persons and want of government, and then he went and preached in a
field near to Shorter^s Brook, the townspeople being on one side of him and the
eoontry people on the other.** Six acres of land on Collyhorst were devoted to
cabins for the reception of plague patients, who were also buried there. This
appropriation of the land was the compromise of a dispute between the
burgesses, who regarded it as a common, and the lord of the manor, who had
begun to enclose it. He also agreed to pay £10 yearly for the benefit of the poor.
(Axon's Lancaahire Oleanings,)


Anthony Mosley, of Ancoats, died 25th liarch, aged 70. He is buried in
the Collegiate Church. He refused to serve the office of constable in 1003 for
fear of the plague. He bought the Ancoats estate from Sir John Byron.

Thomas Cogan, or Coghan, buried at Manchester Church, 10th June. He iif as
a native of Chard, and was bom about 1545. He was educated at Oxford, and
was Fellow of Oriel College, 1563, M.A. in 1560, and M.B. in 1574, and in that
year he became High Master of Blanchester Grammar School, which position
he held until about 1600. He married a lady of position, Ellen, widow of
Thomas Willott, who survived her second husband, and died in 1611. Cogan
was the author of TJ^e WeU of Wiaedome, 1677, The Haven ofHccUthj 1584, and
a selection for the use of schoolboys of Cicero*s letters, which appeared in 1602.
His will, with a biographical notice, is given in The Palatine Note-book^ vol.


William Chadderton, D.D.| Bishop of Lincoln, and late Warden of Man*
Chester, died at Southoe, Hunts, 11th April. He was bom at Nuthurst, and
educated at Cambridge, where he was Regius Professor. He was favourable
to Puritanism, but was placed In power by Queen Elixabeth as a check upon
the Romanists, who were strong in the north. He removed his residence from
Chester to Manchester, and with the Earl of Derby, who was then frequently
resident at Aldport, exercised great authority as Joint commissioners for
promoting the reformation. The bishop had a sort of council of ministers, and
daily morning and evening lectures and monthly exercises were set on foot.
(Woods* Athen,^ Oxon, vol 11., p. 482 ; Peck's Desiderata Curiaea^)

John Dee, ILA., Warden of the Collegiate Church, died at his residence,
at Mortlake, in Surrey, in the utmost poverty, aged 81 years. He was bom in
London, July 13, 1527. He was celebrated for his learning and for his interest
in the occult sciences. A folio volume published in 1659 by Meric Casaubon
chronicles his intercourse with the world of spirits. His Diary has been
printed by the Camden Society, but somewhat inaccurately, and the portions
relating to Manchester have been carefully re-edlted by Mr. J. E. Bailey. His
autobiographical tracts have been reprinted by the Chetham Society. His
mathematical and philosophical tracts are exceedingly rare and sometimes very
obscure. It is thought that during his continental travels he was in the
employment of the Queen, and sent home intelligence of what he learned

Richard Murray, D.D , rector of Stopford (Stockpori) and Dean of St.

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46 Anruds of Manchester. q^^

Buriens, in Cornwall, appointed warden. The story of this remarkable man is
thus told by Hollinworth :—

"After the death of Dr. Dee, the sayd William Bourne being as was sayd,
an approoned divine, and having allso married a kinswoman of the Cecylls
Lords Borgley, was In a faire llkelyhood of being warden, and had a grant for
it» bnt hee was hindred, partly by his nonconformity (onely a lease of tythes
for three lives of about thirty pounds per annum was given him), and partly
by the potency of some Scottish lords at court, which got the wardenshlp for
Richard Murray, D.D., who was likeTsise Parson of Stockport, Deane of St.
Buriens, in Comewail, and had some civill honors descending to him by in-
heritance from his SootUsh ancestors— one of honorable descent, competently
learned, sealous for the dignity of his place as warden, but not laudable other-
wayes. Hee seldome preached— onely twise in Bfanchester—once in Gen. i. 1
In the beginning, &c Another time in Rev. xrif. 20 ; Come, Lord Jesus, ftc.
So it was sayd that hee in preaching begunne and ended the bible, nor was hee
verry skillfull in it. Preaching once before Sling James vppon Rom 1. 16 ; I
am not ashamed of the gospell of Christ. When hee came to kisse the King's
hand, his Majesty sayd, Thou art not ashamed of the gospell of Christ, but by

, the gospell of Christ may bee ashamed of thee I Hee was a greate

Pluralist, and yet was a mighty hunter of other Ecclesiastlcall dignityes and
benefices. Hee was very lealous of being poysoned by his servants, if they
were discontented at him : hee make them tast before he would eate ordiinke.
When hee was abroad, he lined very obscurely, lodging rarely in the best
innes, or two Joumeyes together In the same Inne ; but at Manchester hee
Hued in greater state, accounted hlmselfe (as indeed by his place he was) the
best man in the parish. Hee required the fellowes, chaplalnes, singing men,
choristers to goe before him to church, and some gentlemen followed after :
hee demaunded his seate from the Bishop of Chester when hee was sett
In it, saying. My Lord, that seate belongs to the warden; and because
hee would not sitt below the bishop, hee remooued In to the body of the
church, and In the aftemoone hee came timely enough to take his owne
seate, and so the bishop was f6rced to seek another seate. In his time
the Quire part of the church grew very ruinous, the revennues of the Colledge
were leased out by his meanes. Hee purposely abstained from taking the oath
mencloned In the Queene*s letters patents, concerning his not receiuing of the
Colledge revenues, sane for the dayes In which hee did resyde. The fellow-
ships and other places were either not furnished with men, or the men with
meanes, herevppon many and grieuous complaints were made by the
parishioners against him to King Charles, who comitted the whole matter to
William, Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Lord Coventry, of Alsbrough,
Lord Keeper of the Greate Scale ; Henry, Earle of Manchester, Lord Keeper of
the Privy Seals, that they might enquire further into the matter. Afterward
hee comitted It to the examination of Commissioners, In causes ecclesiastically
which after mature deliberation and examination, proceeding In due forme of
law, and having summoned the sayd Richard Murray, personally to answer for
himself e, did not onely remooue the sayd warden from his place, but pronounced
him to have bin no warden from the first, and that the colledge had either a
weake foundation or none at all."

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ieM-i«i6j Armals of Manchester. 47


From a partnership deed dated 4th January, iaOO-10, between George
Tipping and George Chetham, it appears that the goods sent from Manchester
to London for sale were Stopport clothe, cotton yame, or cotton wool, friaes,
whitM, rnggs, and bayea. (PakUine Nate-book^ voL L, p. 127.)


Sir Nicholas Mosley died. He was a prosperona merchant, and managed
the exportation of goods from London which were manufactured under the
direction of his brother Anstrey at Manchester. He was Lord Mayor of
London in 1500, and was knighted by Queen EUaabeth. He became Lord of
the ICanor of Manchester in 1506, and in 1604 was High Sheriff of Lancashire.
He is buried in Dldsbury church. His character has been drawn as an energetic
trader and pious Christian, and also as one careless how his money was gained
and liying and dying a miser. (Moeley's FamUy MemorieUa; Axon*s Lancet
Mh^re GUaninga,) His son Rowland succeeded as Lord of the Manor.


William Barlow, D.D., Bishop of Lincoln, died at Buckden, September 7,
said to have been bom at Barlow Hall, Chorlton-eum-Hardy. He was the
author of Vita et Obitu Ric?iardi CoHn, 1506; Semum at Pa%da Craaa, 1600;
Sum of the Conference at Hampton Court, 1604. Baines says that he was
one of the Barlows of Barlow, but this seems very doubtful.


Dame Alice Caesar died 23rd May. She was a daughter of Christopher
Grene, of Manchester, and when widow of John Dent, merchant, of London,
married, 10th AprU, 1506, as his second wife. Sir Julius Ccesar, who was suc-
cessively Master of the Rolls and Chancellor of the Exchequer. He survived
her, dying 26th April, 1696. They are both buried in Great St. Helen's, Bishop-
gate Street, London. (Lodgers Life of Sir Juliua Caear, 1827.)

John White, D.D., died. He was a native of St Neots, and brother of
Franer^s White, Bishop of Ely. He was Vicar of Eccles, Fellow of the
Collegiate Church, and author of The Way to the True ChurcJiy 1610; Defence
of the Way to the True Church, 1614. His works were collected in 1624 by his
brother. (Wood*8 Athen. Ox., voL iU., p. 238; FuUer's WoHhies.)


Rowland Mosley, Lord of the Manor, died. He had a lawsuit with the
townsfolk as to the waste of CoUyhurst. (Mosley*8 FamUy MemorieUe.) He
left a son, Edward, one year old, to succeed him.

" Anno 1616 was an extraordinary flood, called from the day Lsmbard's
Fiood, in which the water suddenly rose many yards plnmme above Uie ordi«
nary course, that men stood upon Salford Bridge, and laded up water with a
HUle piggln. It is a easy matter with God to drowne a towne ; yea, a world.**
<HoUinworth*8 Mancunieneie.)

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48 AniiaU of Manchester. aen-iesa


James L visited Lancashire, and the famons Book of Sports was the answer
to a petition presented to him at Houghton Tower in August. The proclama-
tion was drawn up by Bishop Morton at Preston, and the King altered It from
the style of a bishop to that of a king, and issued it from the court at Green-
wich. It has several times been printed. (Axon's Laneaahire Gleanings,)
His BCaJesty, in this memorable document, proceeds to state that *'for his
good people's lawful recreation, his pleasure is that, after the end of divine
service, his good people be not disturbed, letted, or discouraged from any law-
ful recreation, such as dancing, either men or women; archery (for men),
leaping, vaulting, or any such harmless recreation ; nor from having of May*
games, Whitson-ales, and morice dances, and the setting up of Blay-poles, and
other sports therewith used, frc" And he " bars from this benefit and liberty
all such known recusants, either men or women, as will abstain from coming
to church.** This proclamation gave great offence to the Puritans.


The fifth Sir Edmund Trafford died. He was thrice High SherifiT of Lanca-
shire. In laSi there was a levy of 200 men for the service of the Queen in her
Irish wars, and that the Lancashire lads might not be committed to strange
captains, who *' for the most part" had not used their soldiers " with the love
and care that appertained** one of their own shire, Edmund Trafford, eldest
son of Sir Edmund Trafford, Knight, was appointed their commander. Two
years later an entry in the Court Leet book shows that the town paid £16 to
Mr. Trafford and Mr. Edmund Assheton for the "makeing of soldiers into
Ireland.** In 1603, when James made his progress into England, a number of
gentlemen were " graced with the honour of knighthood ** at York. Amongst
these was Edmund Trafford, who, like his father, was a hater of Boman
Catholics, and employed a spy named Christopher Bayley to ferret them out.
His first wife was a Booth, of Barton. In a second marriage he espoused a
Lady liildred Ocil, the second daughter of the Earl of Exeter A daughter
received the name of Cedlia, and a son the name of Cecil, in honour of the
mother's family.

Leonard Smethley, arms painter and deputy herald, resident in Blanchester,
writes to the College of Heralds letters complaining of those who refused to
pay the fees, and describing the funds of Sir Alexander Barlow, Sir Edmund
Trafford, and others. These letters, with others of Bandal Holmes ranging
1030-22, are printed in the Cheiham Miscdlany, vol. v.


Oswald Mofleley, of the Garret, died. His first wife was adaughter of Rev.
Richard Gerrard, from one of whose family he bought the Garret Hall estate.
His daughters married against his wishes, and his two eldest sons died before.
The estate was inherited by his son Samuel, who, in 1631, sold it and went to
live in Ireland. His descendants include Dr. Benjamin Moseley, Thomas
Moseley, Lord Mayor of York in 1687, Rowland Moseley, Sheriff of York in
17QS. He has had also some notable descendants in America. (Moeley's /amtiy
Memorials: Axon's Lancashirt Gleanings,)

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it»-ies7] Anndh of Mamhester. 49

' J •


The Charter of Manchester, granted In 1901 by Thomas de Gresley, enrolled,
at the request of the burgesses, in the records of the Chancery of Lancaster,
September 10. (Harland's Mamoesire, toL it, p. 24a)


In the Conrt Leet records the Jury find that William Butler had pur-
chased of Sir John Suckllnge, knight, Anthony Abdye, of London, merchant,
and William Sparke, gent., certain burgages or tenements in the St. Blarye
Gate, Deansgate, and Toad fjane, within the town of Manchester ; and Butler
was ordered to come to do his suit and sendee to the manorial lord. Sir John
Suckling was the father of the poet. {PcUaHne NaU-hook, toL i., p. 197.)

Ralph Cudworth, D.D., died this year. He was " the second son of Ralph
Cudworth, of Wemith Hall, near Manchester, esquire, chief lord of Oldham^
was bred Fellow of Emanuel College, in Cambridge, a most excellent preacher,
who continued and finished some imperfect works of Mr. Perkins, and after
his decease supplied his place in St. Andrew*s, in Cambridge. He was at last
preeented by the college to the parish of AUer, in Somersetshire." (Fullei^a
Worthies.) His more famous son. Dr. Ralph Cudworth, was bom at Aller.


Sir Henry Montague receired from Charles L the title of Earl of Manchester,
which was altered to that of Duke 1719. The first bearer of the title was the
author of a once popular devotional volume entitled Manchetiter al Mondo^
1633, which went through nine editions. It was reprinted in 1880, with a bio-
graphical introduction by Mr. J. E. Bailey. The Earl of Manchester had no
connection with the town from which he took his title, except that of sending
an occasional present of game.


Sir John Radcliffe, of Ordsal, was slain at the Isle of Rhd 6th November.
He was then 46 years of age. Some verses addressed to him by Ben Jonaon
refer to the fatalities that had overtaken his family :—

How Ilk* a column, fUdeUffe, left alone
For tho great mark of rirtae, thoee being gone
Who did, alike with thee, thy hooae upbear,
Btaad'tt thou, to ahow the timea what you all were.
Two bravely in the battle fell, and dy'd
Upbraiding rebel anna and barbarou* pride ;
And two that would hare fallen, aa graat as thegr,
The Belglc f erer rariahed away.
Thoo, that art all their ▼aloor, all their eplrit,
And thine own goodaan to tncr eaa o thy martt—
Than thoee I do not know a whiter aoul.
Nor could I, had I aeen all Nature's roll—
Thou yet remain'at unhurt, in peace and war,
Though not unproT'd ; which ahowa thy foctODM are
WlUing to expUte the fault in thee,
Wherewith, against thy blood, they offenden be.

It Is said that Radcliffe had quarrelled with his wife and, when fatally
wounded, wrote a letter to her, which the Duke of Buckingham kept from her.

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50 Awmala of Manchester. a«io-iMs

She was Alice, danghter of Sir John Byron, of Newstead. (Barwaker*s Local
OUaningSj No. 302.)

Samuel Bisphani, " Doctor in Phlsicke,** resident in Salford, but apparently
had another honse at Great Lever when, in 1631, he attended Bishop Brldgman,
who had sickened during the plague time at Wigan. Bispham was a graduate
of Leyden and of Oxford. From Salford he went to London, and in 1643 went
on an embassy to France, Genoa, Florence, and Venice, in which he boasts that
he spent £7,000 and lost £10,000. In 1600 he was a petitioner as " the only sur-
Tiving physician of the late Sling.** His son Thomas, also a doctor of medicine,
was the author of Iter AustraU^ a Latin poem, printed at Oxford in 1658. The
entries relating to the Bispham family in the Bfanchester registers range from
l^ntoieSL {PalaHneNoMH)ok,roLm.,pp.^l^.)


Oswald Mosley, of Anooats, died, aged 47. From 1613 to his death he was
steward of the Court Leet


*' The Lord sent his destroying angell into an inne in Manchester, on which
died Richard lieniott and his wif^ the master and dame of the house, and all
that were in it^ or went In it for certaine weekes together. At last they
burned or buried all the goods in the house ; and yet, in midst of judgment,
did God romember mercy, for no person else was that yeare touched with the
infection.** (Hollinworth's Maneuniensis.)

Fair En^ the MiUef'8 Daughter of Manchester^ with the love of William
the Conqueror. A pleasant comedy, as it was sundry times acted in the
Honourable City of London by the Right Honourable the Lord Strange*s

Online LibraryWilliam E. A. (William Edward Armytage) AxonThe annals of Manchester: a chronological record from the earliest time to the end of 1885 → online text (page 8 of 63)