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William Evans.

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LIBRARY OF
WELLES LEY COLLEGE




PURCHASED FROM
LIBRARY FUNDS



17054C.



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Boston Library Consortium Member Libraries



http://www.archive.org/details/friendslibraryco09evan



THE



FRIENDS' LIBRARY:



COMPRISING



JOURNALS, DOCTRINAL TREATISES, AND OTHER WRITINGS



MEMBERS OF THE RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.



EDITED BY WILLIAM EVANS AND THOMAS EVANS.



VOL. IX.



CONTAINING

MEMOIRS OF JAMES GOUGH.— LIFE OF WILLIAM RECKITT.— MEMOIRS

AND LETTERS OF SAMUEL FOTHERGILL. — LIFE OF JOHN

GRATTON.— DIARY OF SAMUEL SCOTT.— LIFE OF WIL-

UAM CATON.— MEMOIR OF THOMAS UPSHER.



PHILADELPHIA:

PRINTED FOR WILLIAM AND THOMAS EVANS,
BY JOSEPH RAKESTRAW.



1845.



1705<^6



INDEX TO VOL. IX.



Alexander, Isaac, page 17.

AsHTON, John, his character, 18.

B.

Benezet, Anthony, 207; letter on education,
220,

Baptism, 302, 330.

Bread and Wine, 330.

C.

Collins, Comfort, 174.

Chambers, Grace, 229.

Crosfield, Jane, 233.

Christ's second coming-, 347; mediation, 379;
atonement, 381, 391, 397; our righteousness,
sanctification and redemption, 417; the true
light, 423 ; Merits, 430.

Caton, William, Life of, 434; education and
introduction to Judge Fell's family, 435 ; G. Fox's
visit; W. C.'s convincement, 436; preaches at
steeple-houses, 438; travels southward to London,
439; Luke Howard's meeting with him, 440; W.
C.'s letter to F. H. and E. B., 441 ; cruelly whip-
ped, 443 ; visits Calais, 444 ; returns to England
and crosses again to Flushing, 445 ; sails for Eng-
land — visits Scotland, 446; holds meetings and
goes to a Cathedral, 447; imprisoned at Cheshire
in England — attends a general meeting and goes
to Scotland, 448 ; remarks on his gift, 451 ; goes
to Holland — great storm, 452; at Amsterdam col-
lects those who are scattered by persecution, 453;
epistle, 454; preaches in the street and stoned,
455; returns to England, 456; letter to G. Fox,
464 ; letter to Friends in England, 466 ; beaten in
a monastery — epistle to Friends in London 469;
epistles, 474.

D.
Drummond, Mat, 122.
Death and sufferings of Christ, 346, 368.

E.
Ecroyd, Tabitha, 146.

Evans, Ellen, 152; letter to A. Fothergill,
181.

Emlen, Samuel, 183.



Fothergill, Samuel, Memoirs, 83 ; birth and
reprobate life, 95 ; deeply affecting to his father,
96; letter to his monthly meeting, 97; comes
forth in the ministry, 106; first certificate, 107;
marriage, 108 ; meets his father, returned from
America, 110; sent on his Master's service, 124;
visits Scotland, 125; attends the burial of B.
Holme, 126; J. Churchman's first letter, 131;
embarks for America, 138 ; and gets to Philadel-



phia, 139 ; travels south, 144 ; returns north, 149 ;
goes east, 1.53; writes an epistle to Penketh
meeting, 157; one to Nantucket monthly meet-
ing, 159; returns to Pennsylvania, 163; reception
of an epistle from Philadelphia, 178 ; state of so-
ciety, 179; barbarities of Indians — letter of Ellen
Evans, 180, 181; returns home, 182; remarks on
his journey, 183; extraordinary occurrence, 184;
address to the inhabitants of Warrington, 192;
sickness, 197; admonition by a friend, 201 ; visits
the north — health impaired, 218, 219; visits the
Vilest of England, 224; firm believer in the doc-
trines of Friends, 226; establishment of yearly
meeting of ministers and elders — correspondence
on baptism, 229; epistle to Friends in Tortola,
230 ; letter to S. Hatton on her visit to America,
2.32 ; visit to Scarborough, 335 ; sentiments on the
duties of a wife, 238 ; visits the meetings in Ire-
land — account by E. Shackleton, 242; visit to
eastern counties, 249; visits Scotland, 253; Re-
tires from business, 254; attends the yearly meet-
ing, 265; visits Ireland, 274 ; solemn remarks on
his approaching close, 281 ; death of his wife,
283.

Fothergill, John, account of his parents and
beginning of his own religious life, 84; abuse at
Glassgow, 86; marriage, 88; second visit to Ame-
rica, 89; letter of J. Pike, 91 ; third visit to Ame-
rica, 94; lands in Philadelphia — letter respecting
his son Samuel, 104; embarks for Barbadoes, 106;
first meeting of his son, 110; attends the yearly
meeting and gives an account of his visit in Ame-
rica, 113 ; death, 122.

Fothergill, Henry, sickness and death, 260.

Fothergill, Dr. John, character and death
284; Dr. Kurd's tribute to his memory, 369.

G.

Gough, James, Memoirs of^— benefits of the so-
ciety of religious persons, 5 ; his education and early
impressions, 6; apprenticeship — remarkable pre-
servation, 7; adheres to plainness from conviction;
divinely visited, 9 ; removes to Ireland — marries,
11 ; concern at getting in debt — reflections upon
it, 12 ; appears as a minister, 13 ; remarks on the
ministry, 14; travels, 16; meets with J. Wilson —
narrative of J. Nayler — account of J. Alexander,
17; John Ashton and Thomas Wilson, 18; goes
to Wales on a religious visit, 19; account of J.
Goodwin, 20; removes to Leinster province, 23:
remarks on business — visit to M. Peisley, 24;
conversation with John Wesley, 26; state of the
Society in Ireland, 28; removes to Bristol, 29;
death and burial of his son John, 31 ; visits seve-
ral counties, 33; returns to Ireland — instructive
reflections on his own state, 35; visits families,
38; decease, 39; epistle to Friends in Ireland,
40; advice on the ministry — not of man — without
price, 41 ; government — observance of the first-
day of the week — attendance of religious meet-
ings — plainness, 42.



IV



INDEX.



Gawthorp, Thomas, 191.

Gratton, John, Journal of, 290 ; early visitation of
the light of Christ, 294 ; corrupt state — first answer
to his prayers — ministers forsake their people, 296;
speaks to one of them, 297; leaves the Episcopa-
leans — seeks the Independents, 298 ; great exer-
cise, 299 ; convinced of the visitation of the Holy
Spirit, 300 ; deceived by Muggleton, 301 ; rea-
sons for not being dipped in water, 302; appear-
ance of the Holy Spirit in his heart — sees the
need of a new birth, 304; full of the power and
presence of the Almighty — by this his soul was
quickened — the Scriptures opened, 305 ; uses the
plain language, 303 ; attends Friends' meetings —
commences his ministry, 309 ; stoned at a meet-
ing, 314; words in his testimony that gave offence
revealed to him — a priest denies revelation in this
day — asserts no man has the Holy Spirit, 315;
interview with Muggleton, 317; concern to pay
his debts in time of spoiling of goods, 319; impri-
soned, 324; epistle to the yearly meeting, 325;
the Spirit is the church's rule, 329; baptism —
bread and wine — purgatory, 330; address to per-
secutors, 332; discharged and travels, 336; epistle,
338 ; death, 340 ; treatise concerning the light of
Christ, 341 ; death and sufterings of Christ, 344 ;
Christ's second coming, 347 ; epistle to Friends in
Pennsylvania, 352; letter, 353; testimony con-
cerning Jesus Christ, 356.

H.
Holme, Benjamin, death of, 126,
Harrison, George, 249.
Hustler, John, 273.
Holy Spirit, the rule, 320, 394.
Holy Scriptures, 377, 394.

J.
Jolley, Elizabeth, afterwards Bludwick, 278.

Ju TIFICATION, 380, 429.

K.
Kendal, John, 132,

L.
Leadbeater, Peter, 109.
Logan, William, 154.
Lancaster, Lydia, 169.
Lightfoot, Susanna, 232.
Lettsom, J. C, 270.

Light of Christ, treatise concerning it, 341.
M.

Ministry, remarks on it, 14 ; free gospel min-
istry, 41 ; illiterate persons, 384.

Morris, Susanna, shipwreck, 23.

Meetings, advice to attend, 42.

Mediator, 402.



N.
Nayler, James, his powerful preaching, 17.

P.
Plainness, remarks on, 42.

Pemberton, Phineas, his son Israel, and his
children, 143.

Prayer, 298, 304.

R.

Reckitt, William, Life of, 46 ; sails for Ame-
rica — taken by a privateer and carried into France,
48 ; baptism and the supper, 51, 56 ; returns to
England and again embarks for America, .57; tra-
vels in the southern provinces, 60; lodges out, 63;
returns to Pennsylvania and travels in the eastern
provinces, 64; preaches the light and grace of
Christ to Indians, 66; visits New Jersey, 68; De-
laware and the eastern shore of Maryland, 69;
reflections on the state of society, 71 ; prophetic
view of defection, 73; exercise on the passage to
Barbadoes, 74; captured, 75; lands at Charlestown
in Nevis and had a meeting, 76 ; returns to Phila-
delphia, 78 ; letters to his family, 79.

Routh, John, 98.

RouTH, Alice, 99.

Routh, Sarah, 103.

S.
Shackleton, Abraham, 262,

Scott, Samuel, Diary of, 360 ; Babylon with-
in — necessity of freedom from sin, 363 ; ministry
and worship, 365; internal revelation, 366; testi-
monies of Friends, 368; high esteem of R. Bar-
clay — first-day of the week, 373; conference with
a Calvinist, 376; true knowledge of God, 377;
new birth — fear of death — mediation of Christ,
379 ; justification, 380 ; atonement, 381 ; ministry,
384; death of his brother John, 387; memoirs, 388;
the Holy Spirit and the Scriptures, 394; early
influence of grace, 403; description of his infir-
mities, 404; silent worship — Christ in us, 417;
reading the Scriptures, 419; habit of exaggerat-
ing, 420; blessings bestowed, 424; fall of man,
428; justification, 429; plainness, 432.

Scott, John, Memoirs of, 388,



Thompson, Gilbert, Account of, 88.
Toft, Joshua, 124.
Thompson, Gilbert, Jr., 260.

U.
Upsher, Thomas, Memoir, 479,

W.
Wilson, James, Narrative of the preaching of
J. Nayler, convinces him, 17; letter of S. F, to
him — his death, 188.

Watson, Samuel, 133.
Watson, Mary, 276.
Worship, 298, 417, 419.



MEMOIRS

OF THE

LIFE, RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES, AND LABOURS IN THE GOSPEL,

OF

JAMES GOUGH,

LATE OF THE CITY OF DTIBLIN, DECEASED.
COMPILED FROM HIS ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPTS, BY HIS BROTHER JOHN GOUGH.



PREFACE BY THE EDITOR.

That biography which describes the lives
of such as have steadily directed their course
through this world to a better, in piety toward
God and goodness of heart and life among
men, seems, m an especial manner, to claim
our serious and attentive perusal. Some of
these good men, from a view of being helpful
and serviceable to mankind, when they shall
be no more in this state of mutability, have
left behind them lively monuments of their
experience of the work of sanctification and
saving grace in them ; reciting not only the oc-
currences of their lives, but the motives of their
actions, and the effect of those occurrences
on the state of their minds ; unfolding the
gradual operation of the grace of God, for
their redemption from evil, and showing forth
the fruits of the spirit, out of a good conver-
sation. Herein leaving, as it were, the prints
of their footsteps to lasting felicity, for their
survivors to trace the path to the like glorious
inheritance.

Of this kind of biography, we have had
several tracts published in our Society; and
having perused them with much satisfaction
and advantage, and been thereby animated to
an ardent desire of treading the same path to
blessedness, I am induced the more readily to
forward the publication of the following sheets,
and to recommend them to the solid atten-
tion of my friends, particularly to the youth of
this generation. Reading and study, as well
as every other occupation of our lives, are
most properly and profitably employed in the
pursuit and acquisition of those virtuous dis-
positions, whereby we mav please our Maker,

Vol. TX.— No. 1.



fill up our stations in life with propriety, and
be good examples in our generation, ft is a
matter of importance to all, but especially
to this age, to be very careful and well-direct-
ed in the choice of the books they read, as
well as the company they familiarly associate
with ; that they be such as may make profit-
able impressions upon them: these silent com-
panions of the closet, communicate a good or
evil influence, according to the subjects they
treat of, and the manner in which they are
treated, and have a secret, but powerful effect
upon the tender mind ; and the apostle's ob-
servation, that, " evil communications corrupt
good manners," is, in my opinion, applicable
to corrupting books, as well as to corrupting
companions.

From the clear sense they had of the per-
nicious tendency of such compositions, our
friends, both in a private and collective capa-
city, have been frequently concerned to re-
commend a care in parents and guardians,
to prevent and caution youth and others,
to restrain their inclination to read "such
books as tend to leaven the mind into vanity,
profaneness and infidelity,"* under which de-
scription are comprised, " plays, novels and
romances, and all those which have a ten-
dency to lead the mind from piety, and to
oppose or reject the divine authority of the
holy Scriptures." This licentious age, which
has produced an inundation of fictitious com-
positions, romances and novels in abundance,
presents an occasion to revive the caution to
our young friends, to beware of touching
the unclean thing, lest their minds be imper-
ceptibly defiled thereby.



* Sec yearly meeting's Epistle, 1723, 1762, &c.
1



MEMOIRS OF JAMES GOUGH.



Such writings being adapted to the depraved
laste of an indolent and luxurious generation,
afford no profitable instruction or real im-
provement in morals, in understanding, or in
the temper of the mind ; and the time em-
ployed therein, is in general mispent, or spent
to a bad purpose. " There is but little need
to drive away that by foolish divertisements,
which flies away so swiftly of itself; and when
once gone is never to be recalled. Plays, balls,
treats, romances, music, love-sonnets, and the
like, will be a very invalid plea, for any other
purpose than their condemnation, who are
taken and delighted therewith, at the revelation
of the righteous judgment of God." William
Penn's No Cross No Crown, chap. 15, sec. 7.
None, I believe, are better or wiser, for the
hours they pass in perusing such productions.
The greater part, being the invention of cor-
rupt minds, have a very corrupting influence.
And those which appear most plausible, are
too generally formed to fill the head with ro-
mantic ideas and airy imaginations; to flatter
our pride, infuse a taste for sensual pleasures,
nourish our propensity to worldly grandeur,
and the desire of great possessions, and to
bring the mind into a dissipated state ; operat-
ing in a direction opposite to the grace of God,
which bringeth salvation, and teacheth us to
deny all ungodliness and worldly lusts; and
to live soberly, righteously, and godly in this
present world.

For these reasons I am induced to cast in
my mite to this concern, of the Society I am
connected with in religious fellowship, for the
preservation of their members from these
hurtful pursuits ; desiring they may receive
the word of exhortation to refrain from unpro-
fitable or prejudicial compositions, as well
as to peruse with seriousness, such as tend to
impress the mind with religious considerations,
and influence it to the practice of piety and
virtue.

I have reason to believe it was a practice
with the author of the ensuing pages, to take
frequent reviews of his life, keeping an ac-
count thereof, in order to take a more minute
retrospection, and to form a more precise
judgment how he was prepared and preparing
for the final account; a profitable, rational,
and religious exercise, which it might be ad-
vantageous for all to employ themselves in,
every day of their lives. At three different
periods he commenced a review of the whole,
I imagine, with a more extensive view ; but
had proceeded only a little way in the last,
when he was removed from this life. I have
traced the last as far as it was carried for-
ward, and the second to the end ; and from
that period, having collected what authentic



memorials I could, have in a supplement, con-
tinued the narration to the end of his life.

I have also annexed an epistle to friends in
Ireland, which I found amongst the papers
from whence the following memoirs are com-
piled, which seems designed for publication,
and in which there are many observations
well worthy the attention of those to whom it
is addressed, and of others into whose hands
it may fall.



A Testimony, from the Meri's Meeting of Dub-
lin, concerning James Gough, deceased.

It having pleased divine providence, to re-
move from us by death our worthy friend James
Gough, we feel our minds impressed to give
forth the following testimony concerning him.

By authentic accounts we find he was born
at Kendal in Westmoreland, in the year 1712.
And, in his young years, was made sensible
of an inward monitor to reprove his propen-
sity to evil, and convince him of the error of
his ways, v/hich made, at times, profitable
impressions on his mind for a season. But,
through the instability of youth, these impres-
sions proved not deep enough to be lasting, till
about the twenty-first year of his age, when
he removed from the north of England to
Bristol. It pleased divine Goodness to favour
him with a fresh and prevailing visitation of
his love, whereby he was made willing to give
up, in self-denial and circumspection of life,
to yield obedience to his requirings, who in
his fatherly loving kindness had thus visited
his soul ; and by the gradual operation of the
divine power therein, he experienced a growth
in the work of sanctification, and was thereby
formed into a vessel prepared for the Master's
use.

About the year 1738, he removed from
Bristol, and settled in Cork, and soon after he
came forth in a public testimony to the virtue
and efficacy of that truth, which himself had
experienced the beneficial effects of; and grow-
ing in his gift, he became an able minister of
the gospel, and an instrument of service in the
church.

His first journey, in the work of the min-
istry, was in the year 1740, to the counties of
Cumberland, Westmoreland, Lancashire, and
part of Yorkshire. His next to Leinster pro-
vince ; and in the summer of 1743, he visit-
ed the meetings of Friends through the prin-
cipality of Wales, and many parts of Eng-
land ; in the course of which visit, he attended
the yearly meeting of Wales, with those of
Bristol and London. Soon after his return he
thought it his duty to remove into Leinster
province, and fixed his residence in Mountme-



MEMOIRS OF JAMES GOUGH.



lick, where his service became extensive, being
in the centre of a large body of Friends. He
almost constantly attended our province, quar-
terly and national meetings, where he was of-
ten drawn forth in the pure streams of gospel
love, to the refreshment, and edification of
Friends. In the year 1774, he settled in this
city, where he was well received, and well
beloved, his innocent life and conversation
adorning his gospel labours amongst us, being
filled with love to mankind in general, and in
particular to the flock and family with whom
he was joined in religious fellowship.

He followed his occupation of schoolmaster
for sometime in this city, but, in his advan-
ced years, not being sufficiently able to bear
the fatigue and confinement attendant on that
employment, and being desirous to be more at
liberty for the exercise of his gift, he gave it
up ; and for the last three years of his being
a member of this meeting, travelled much
abroad in the different quarters of this nation,
visiting the meetings, and in many places, the
families of Friends, to stir up the pure mind
by way of remembrance, and to provoke to
love and good works.

Being on a religious visit to Friends in the
province of Munster, and having proceeded to
the city of Cork, where he was engaged in a visit
to the families of Friends, and had with much
diligence nearly finished the same, it pleased
the Sovereign Ruler of the universe, in whose
hands our lives are, there to put a period to
his labours, and to remove him from works to
rewards. Being seized with indisposition, and
following the service before him too closely, as
was apprehended, it increased upon him to
such a degree as brought on his dissolution,
and he quietly departed this life, at the house
of our friend Joseph Garratt, in said city,
where he was affectionately and tenderly at-
tended and taken care of during his illness,
we believe in peace with the Lord, and much
regretted by Friends here and elsewhere,
amongst whom his zealous labours will be
much missed.

We desire that the removal of faithful la-
bourers, may be so laid to heart by their sur-
vivors, as that they may be incited to copy
their examples, tread the same steps to bless-
edness, and thereby be qualified to fill their
vacant places with propriety. "Mark the per-
fect man, and behold the upright ; for the end
of that man is peace."

He departed this life the 6th of the tenth
month, 1780, and was buried in the burying-
ground belonging to Friends of said city, the
9th of the same. Aged sixty-seven, a minis-
ter forty-one years.

Signed in and on behalf of our Men's meet-



ing held in Dublin, the tenth of the fourth
month, 1781.



John Bancroft,
Robert Clibborn,
Benjamin Byrne,
Henry Astick,
Robert Freeman,
Thomas Fayle,
Thomas Thack r,
Benjamin Glorney,
William North,
John Smithson,
David Newland,
John Robinson,
Joshua Forbes,



Thomas Bewley,
John Davvson Coats,
Joseph Williams,
Joshua Clibborn,
John Robinson,
Jonathan Hill,
Joseph Pike,
Joseph Sandwith,
William Jackson,
William Knott,
Thomas Bewley, Jr.
Samuel Russel,
Thomas Barrington.



INTRODUCTION.

For my own future benefit, and for theirs
too into whose hands it may fall, I am induced
to commit to writing the following review of
my days, now in the sixty-sixth year of my
age. Since we are launched on the ocean of
life, our principal care ought to be to steer our
course through it to the port of rest and un-
mixed felicity, though it be through hard-
ship and self-denial ; since, if we fail of this
at last, it is then too late to amend it.

Could all the pleasures and advantages of
this life, be attained and enjoyed perfect and un-
mixed to its close, they would be no compen-
sation for the loss of happiness in a future and
immortal state. But those pleasures and ad-
vantages never can be so enjoyed by any one,
unless his passions and inclinations are sub-
ject to the government of God, who alone
ought to govern his creatures, and who dis-
covers his will to the humble attentive mind.

The temporary enjoyers of the good things
of this life, may show an appearance of plea-
sure to ignorant spectators, while they seem
to float, without interruption, in the midst of
gratifications and amusements ; yet a secret
worm is often felt by them, gnawing at the
root of their exaltation and grandeur.

It is the universal regard of Omnipotence,
which rebukes them for letting loose the reins
of their lusts or eager inclinations, designing
thereby their timely reformation for their ever-
lasting good. He often opposes the ambitious
and proud in their career with the unwelcome
discovery, that they are engaged in other pur-
suits than those that heaven designed for them ;
not applying their precious time and talents
to the great and good purpose for which they
were given. Sometimes He displays the beau-
ties and benefits of rectitude, deserted by them;
and sometimes the horror and sad consequence
of persisting in the neglect or violation of du-



MEMOIRS OF JAMES GOUGH.



ty thus discovered, on the one hand, and coun-
teracted by them on the other.

Hence too generally, disliking the check to
present ease and pleasure, such as are in-
trusted with the means of doing good, and
helping others on their way, turn their atten-
tion from this omnipresent monitor, this faith-
ful bosom friend, they fly to tempting vani-
ties, to soothing deceptions, to amusing recre-
ations ; they bear their heads aloft among the
envying multitudes, and seek to drown his
salutary admonitions in splendor, noise, intem-
perance and dissipation.

Many such I have known, who are now
gone to their long homes, whom in my young-
er years I envied,

I have been so foolish as to transfer my
envy from them, after they disappeared, to
their vain and short-lived successors ; many
of whom are also gone, and so will it be with
the rest ere long. And then what follows to
those that have left their heaven behind them ;
who assuming to themselves the direction that
was due to God, have refused to reverence
and obey his laws? Ah, then the enviers and



Online LibraryWilliam EvansThe Friends' library : comprising journals, doctrinal treatises, and other writings of members of the religious Society of Friends (Volume 9) → online text (page 1 of 102)