William Evans.

The Friends' library : comprising journals, doctrinal treatises, and other writings of members of the religious Society of Friends (Volume 1) online

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Acts of parliament against Friends, 75.

Addresses to the king, 54.

Advices, 136.

African race, 21.

Aldam, Thomas, 35.

Alexander the Great, 276.

Amusements, 144.

Ancestry, 240.

Ap John, John, 44.

Apparel, 254, 257, 260.

Apprentices, 130.

Atkinson, Aaron, convinced, 153.

Atonement, 17, 28.

Avarice, 220, 246.


Babylon, 271.

Baptism with water, 6, 18, 42, 378, 387, 431.

Baptists, or Anabaptists, rise and opinions, 6.

Barbadoes, George Fox's address to the governor,

Battledore, 54.

Baxter, 17, 22.

Bayle, George, supposed murder of, 172.

Believers, none but regenerated persons, 29.

Bequests, 135.

Births and Burials, record of, 136, 154.

Blasphemy, 34, 35.

Books, distributing, 160.

Bowing, 231.

Bread and wine, 18, 41, 378, 398, 431.

Brown, Emmanuel, 398.

Brownists, their opposition to the Church of Eng-
land ; discipline and persecution, &c., 5.

Bunyan, John, 6.

Burnyeate, John, 82.

Burrough, Edward, 35, 53, 57, 170.

Burying-grounds, 136.


Camm, Anne, 473.

Camm, Thomas, 479.

Ceremonies, 3, 5.

Certificates, 137.

Charity, 133, 140.

Charles I., his measures against the Puritans; his
death, 8.

Charles II. came to the throne, 10 ; profligacy
and dissipation in his reign, 16 ; applica-
tion to him by Friends, 182, 186.

Cheevers, Sarah, 174.

Christ, his divinity and manhood, 28. Faith in
him, 33. The Word, 35. The true light,
45. Incarnation, death, resurrection, &c.,
80. His manhood, 98. Divinity, 99, 100.
Incarnation, &c., 162.

Christ within, 18. The Seed, 42.

Christendom, its degeneracy, 195-199, 201.

Christians, early, 201, 322.

Christians of the first century, 322.

Clergy, 223, 245.

Comedies, 266.

Compliments, 226.

Conduct and conversation, 132.

Conformists, 5.

Congenies, 409.

Conscience, liberty of, 7, 9, 22, 23.

Conventicle Act, 75.

Conventicles, law to suppress, 11, 12, 75.

Convincements, 39, 47.

Cornplanter, speech of, &c., 356, 365.

Corruption, in the church, 7, 8.

Covetousness, 246.

Crisp, Stephen, 137.

Crisp, Thomas, 69.

Cromwell, Oliver, dissolves the parliament, 9. His
death, 10, 36, 47. Friends offer their bodies
to him instead of others in jail, 38.

Cromwell, Richard, 47.

Crook, John, 46.

Cross of Christ, 195, 200, 203, 212.

Customs, 264.

Customs and fashions, 132.

Cyrus, 275.


Dancing, 305.

D'Aubigny, lord, 174.

Deaths, record of, 136.

Derbyshire, 29.

Detraction, 133.

Dewsbury, William, 35, 125.

Differences, 135, 139.

Directory for public worship, 9.

Discipline introduced, 69. Opposition to it, 88.
History of its institution, 109.

Disownment, 127.

Dissenters, tlieir jealousy and opposition to the
church, 7. Bill for their relief, 13.

Distraints, 152.


Edniundson, William, 37.

Education, 129.

Edward VI., reformation, 4.


Elders, first appointment of, 122.

Election and reprobation, 73.

Elizabeth restores the litany ; act of uniformity,
&c., 4, 5.

Epistle to Ireland, 39. On ministry, 42. Of con-
solation, 52, 90. To the Yearly Meeting,
90. Of Christopher Story, 1.57.

Evans, Catharine, 174.


Faith, 71, 200, 219, 220.
Fall of man, 99, 106, 221.

Family visits, 137.

Fashions, 132, 136, 181, 226-235, 265.

Feasts, 135.

Fifth-monarchy-men, 11, 49.

Fire in London, 67.

Fletcher, Mary, 446.

Fox, George, memoir of, 27 ; integrity and simpli-
city, 28 ; directed to Christ as his Saviour,
30 ; first imprisoned, 31 ; cruelly beaten, 31 ;
cries against injustice and sports, 32 ; asked
whether any of the Quakers were Christ, 33 ;
called Quaker, 33 ; imprisoned at Derby, 33 ;
cruelly used and charged with blasphemy, 34,
35 ; sent up to Cromwell, 36 ; hue and cry
after him, 37 ; is arrested ; writes against
oaths, 37 ; imprisoned, 38 ; at Bristol, 39 ; de-
scribes the spreading of Truth, 39 ; ministry,
&c., 42; Wales and Scotland, 44; ordered
before the magistrates at Edinburgh, 4-5 ; ar-
gues against college education for the minis-
try, 45 ; writes against fasts, 45 ; writes to
parliament, 47 ; to wreckers, 47 ; Yearly
Meeting at Balby, 47; General Meeting at
Skipton, 48 ; imprisoned at Lancaster, 48 ;
addresses the king, 49 ; at the bar of king's
bench, 49 ; recites the sufferings of Friends,
53 ; writes against J. Perrot, 55, 61 ; against
swearing, 56 ; arrested again and liberated,
57; a reward offered for, 59; visits colonel
Kirby, 59 ; arrested ; oath tendered to him at
Lancaster assize ; conversation with judge
Trisden, 59, 62 ; writes against fighting, 60 ;
acts as a Christian under persecution, 63 ;
suffers greatly in prison, 63 ; removed to
Scarborough, 64 ; discourse on the universal-
ity of the light of Christ and the efficacy of
his death, 64 ; on plain language, oaths, the
church, tithes, marriage, &c., 65; liberated,
66; foretells the end of the Turkish war, 67;
at Skipton meeting, 68 ; sets up Meetings for
Discipline, and recommends them to Friends
in other parts, 69 ; conversation with a Pa-
pist, 70 ; visits Ireland, 72 ; marries, 74 ; writes
to justices, 75 ; embarks for America, 78 ;
writes respecting the Indians, &c.,79; an ad-
dress to the governor of Barbadoes, 80; re-
turns to England, and is arrested in Worces-
tershire, 85 ; released, 86 ; visits Holland,
87, 95; gift of Swarthmore, 96; last post-
script he wrote to Yearly Meeting's epistle,
100 ; death, 103.

Friends, take no part in revolutions of the state,
10, 19 ; pretexts for persecuting them, 10 ;
laws passed against them, 11 ; many reduced
to destitution, 12 ; opposition to tithes and a
forced maintenance, &c., 15; acknowledge
the authority of Holy Scripture; offices of
the Holy Spirit, 17 ; character, 19 ; effects of

their principles, 23 ; illiberal treatment of, 24;
honesty and integrity blessed, 36 ; carried to
prison in carts, 58 ; worship in a steeple-house,
58 ; privileges of, 67 ; how to distinguish from
others, as regards swearing, 71 ; their pious-
ness, 77; uprightness, 94; liberated by the
king, 95 ; falsely charged with opposing the
Light to Christ's outwai-d appearance, 107.


Gilles, a company of persons called Friends reside

there, 412.
Glasgow disturbances, 155.
Grace, universal, 71.


Hacker, colonel, 52.

Hat, George Fox appears in court with it on, 37,
42 ; suffering on account of, 53, 231 ; William
Savery and David Sands ordered to take off"
theirs, 406.
Hireling ministers, 133, 136.

Holy Scriptures ; doctrines proved by them ; preach-
ing from them, 16 ; not put in place of
Christ, 17, 21, 23, 24, 29, 34; the words
of God, but Christ is the Word, 35, 37,
107 ; proposals for printing, 121 ; read-
ing, 145 ; rejected by some in Ireland,
Holy Spirit, the teacher of men, 15, 17 ; offices
of, 18, 23, 29, 34, 37, 39, 44; universally
given, 60, 146. Christopher Story's tes-
timony to the gift of the Spirit, 163;
William Savery's testimony, 378.
Honour, 216, 218.
Hookes, Ellis, 66.
Hooton, Elizabeth, 30.
Hoskens, Jane, life of, 460.
Hotham, justice, 34.
Howgill, Francis, 48.
Hubberthorn, Richard, 37, 49, 54.


Independents, rise and character, 6 ; put an end to
the commonwealth and parliament, 9.

Indians, 21, 79, 331 ; pacific Indians, 339 ; prison-
ers, 338, 341 ; treaty, 349.

Infidelity in Ireland, 437, 440, 441, 450.

Informers, 151, 152, 186.

Introduction, 3. Ceremonies introduced as the
substance of religion decayed. Reformers'
first duty was to draw from these rites. The
Light leads back to simplicity. Successive
reformations aimed at greater spirituality,
Reformation under Edward VI., 4.

Jesus Christ, character and doctrine, 298, &c.
John the Baptist, 300.
Justification, 17, 18.


Kirby, colonel, his persecution of George Fox, 59,



Language, plain, 32, 64, 132.
Latey, Gilbert, life of, 167.
Laud, archbishop, 8.

Laws enacted or enforced against Friends, 10, 11,


Learning, useful, recommended by George Fox, 23.

Leicestershire, 29.

Letters of Christopher Story, 165.

Levis, Elizabeth, 466, 469.

Liberty of conscience, denounced, 9 ; promised by

Charles IL, 10, 22, 23.
Light, Divine, 18, 30, 34, 37 ; curse against it, 45 ;

not natural, 45 ; denied to be universal, 60,

64, 106.
Lotteries, 437.
Love and unity, 127.
Luxury, 220, 252, 262, 439, 444, 453.


Majolier Lewis, 409 — 411.

Marriages, legality questioned, 55, 65 ; order in it,
70, 79, 128.

Marsh, esquire, 70.

Memorials, 137.

Meeting, General, at Skipton, 48, 68.

Meeting-houses pulled down, 179.

Meetings, diligent attendance of, 141.

Meetings for Discipline, establishment of, 116,
122, 124.

Meeting for Sufferings, 68, 118.

Meetings for worship, 123 ; in London, establish-
ed, 170.

Military exactions and persecution, 329.

Ministry, learning unnecessary for, 6; state of, 13;
not acquired at college, 29, 32, 42, 45, 46,
102; hireling, 133, 136; certificates of min-
isters, 137 ; qualification for it, 148.

Moderation, 19, 37.

Monthly Meetings, 69 ; at Amsterdam, 402 ; at
Congenies, 410.

Monument to commemorate lying, 443.

More, Hannah, 442.

Negroes, 79.
New England, .53.
No Cross, No Crown, 193.
Nottinghamshire, 29.


Oaths, law against Friends for refusing to swear,
11 ; testimony against, 20 ; George Fox
wrote against them, 37, 38 ; of allegiance
and supremacy, 56; tendered to George
Fox, 59 ; conversation with judge Trisden
on swearing, 59, 65 ; refused by priests in
France, 415 ; death for refusing, 455.

Offenders, treatment of, 126, 141.

Overseers, 125.

Paine, Thomas, 406.

Paris, 406, 416.

Parnell, James, 35.

Pemberton, John, 381.

Penn, William, 22.

Pennsylvania, 22.

Perfection, 18, 30, 86.

Perrot, John, .55, 61, 67, 172.

Persecution, of dissenters, 7 ; pretexts for, 10 ; con-
stancy of Friends under, 22 ; of George Fox,
31 ; increases, 46, 75, 163, 173, 176.

Persecutors, end of, 157, 174.

Personal respect, 226.

Peter and Paul, 300, 301.

Pickering, Timothy, speech to the Indians, 362,

Plague in London, 176.
Plain language, 132, 136, 182, 236, 431.
Plainness, 32, 36.
Play-actors, 267.
Plays, 260.
Pleasures, 265.
Political aftairs, 65.

Poor, supported, 68, 133, 140; of Ireland, 435, 436.
Prayer, 145, 213, 219.
Presbyterians, first established ; sentiments and

number, 6 ; opposition to toleration, 7, 9.
Pride, 220, 224, 240 ; in religion, 244.
Priests, persecuting, 75.
Prison discipline, 20.
Propitiation, 28, 31, 44, 80, 100, 199.
Prospectus, 1: character and writings of the early

Friends, &c. 1.
Proud man, character of, 243.
Public rebuke, 134.
Punishment, capital, 20, 34.
Puritans, 4, 5, 7, 8.


Quakers, when so called, 33, 34, 36 ; love one an-
other, 66, 72 ; thought mad and whimsical,

Quarterly Meetings, 68, 69, 121.


Ranters, 35.

Rebuke, public, 134.

Recreations, 254, 259.

Red Jacket, a speech of his, 360, 361, 363.

Regeneration, 226.

Religion, 48, 246.

Representatives, 121, 125.

Reprobation, 44, 73.

Rogers, William, 69.


Sacrament, 41.

Salutations, 226.

Salvation, what brings it, 71.

Savery, William, journal of, 325 ; testimony con-
cerning him, 326 ; his visits to Indians, 332,
349 ; visit to Virginia, 368 ; voyage to Eu-
rope, 370 ; to the continent, 374 ; assists in
reconciling a difference in Germany, 387 ;
concern for his own further sanctification,
403 ; a deep sense of his unworthiness, 418 ;
acknowledgment of a Turk, 420 ; arrival
in Ireland, 433 ; visits the king of England,
445 ; visits Newgate, 453 ; embarks for
home, 456 ; letter to him and David Sands,
from Marconnay, 458.

Schools, 23, 72, 434, 435, 437, 439.

Scotch priests and their curses, 45.

Seed, Christ the, explained, 42.

Self-denial, 205.

Separatists arise, 69, 1-50; in Ireland, 450.

Shackleton, Abraham, 440, 450.

Sharmon, Thomas, writes to George Fox, 56.

Skipton, 48, 68.

Slaveholders, cruelty of, 331.

Sleeping in meetings, 124.

Soup-houses, 445, 446, 452.

Spirituous liquors, 135, 437.

Sprinkling, 70.


Story, Christopher, life of, 142.

Story, John, 69.

Sufferings, 136 ; in Ireland, 455.

Superfluities, Gilbert Latey refuses to deal in,

Swarthmore, 426.
Swearing, 38, 71.


Talebearing, 125, 133.

Taylor, Christopher, 146.

Temperance, 19, 272.

Thompson, Thomas, 191.

Tithes, opposed by Selden, 5 ; by Baptists, 6 ; by

Friends, 11, 133, 161 ; Friends imprisoned

for, 423.
Titles, 228.
Toleration, opposed, 7 ; Act, under William and

Mary, 13, 22, -53.
Trade and business, 131, 181.


Unity, 127.

Urie, 430.

Usher, Elizabeth, 441.


Waiting on the Lord, 216; accounted a crime,

Waldenses, 304.

War, 6 ; between Charles I. and the parliament, 8;
testimony against, 21, 33 ; declaration against,
49, 225 ; violation of the testimony, 450.

Watches on the highways to arrest Friends, 38.

West, Benjamin, 445.

Whitehead, John, 66.

Wicklifte on baptism, 6.

Widows, provision for them and children, 70, 74.

Wilberforce, William, 443, 454.

Wilkinson, Jemima, 351, 355.

Wilkinson, John, 44, 69, 146.

Women's Meetings, 189.

Worship, 123, 209 ; in spirit, 210, 213.

Worship, Iiouses of; practice of visiting difiBrent
places, 16, 31 ; not temples, 29.


Yearly Meeting, at Balby, 47, 68, 69 ; of New
England, 83 ; establishment of that in Lon-
don, 116 ; of those in America, 119, 122 ;
of ministers, 122.



Among the means of promoting the cause
of religion and disseminating a correct know-
ledge of the principles which distinguish the
religious Society of Friends, the general cir-
culation of the approved Writings of those
members whose lives were devoted to the
cause of Christ, and distinguished by con-
formity to his sacred precepts, is calculated to
be peculiarly useful. Those eminent men who
were instrumental, in the Divine Hand, in
gathering us to be a distinct people, were re-
markable for the depth of their religious expe-
rience, and for the clearness of their percep-
tions of the truths of Christianity. Their sin-
gleness of heart, their separation from the
policy and friendships of the world, their inti-
mate and practical acquaintance with the Holy
Scriptures, and their attention to the unfold-
ings of the Spirit of Truth, eminently quali-
fied them to distinguish the purity and spiritu-
ality of the gospel dispensation, from the errors
with which human wisdom had obscured it.
They did not profess to have made any new
discoveries in religion, nor had they a new
gospel to preach. Their work was to pro-
mulgate, in their original simplicity, the doc-
trines set forth by our blessed Lord and his
apostles ; and hence they always declared their
willingness, that both their principles and prac-
tices should be tried by the Holy Scriptures,
and that whatsoever was repugnant to their
testimony, should be rejected as false. They
were " bold in asserting the truth ; patient in
suffering for it, and unwearied in their labours
for its advancement," unmoved alike by the
frowns or favours of the world. Through

Vol. I— No. 1.

their faithfulness, the way has been opened
for their successors to enjoy unmolested that
liberty of conscience, for the exercise of which
they endured long and severe persecution.
They have transmitted to us, as a precious
inheritance, the profession of those Christian
doctrines and testimonies, in support of which
they nobly contended. A solemn and impera-
tive obligation rests on us to maintain them
inviolate. It is both our duty and our interest
to be intimately conversant with their wri-
tings ; to imitate their piety and devotedness,
and to strive to be imbued with that fervour
and heavenly mindedness which so conspi-
cuously marked their example.

The press is teeming in the present day with
light and trivial publications, as well as with
those, which, though ostensibly of a religious
character, contain sentiments repugnant to our
views of Scripture truth. The perusal of the
former has a decided tendency to dissipate the
mind, to unfit it for serious meditation, and to
destroy the relish for works of a more solid
and practical kind ; while the latter are calcu-
lated to weaken the attachment to our Chris-
tian testimonies, and to instil opinions adverse
to their support. To counteract these evils ;
to imbue the minds of the youth with the
knowledge and the love of our principles, and
of their honourable predecessors, the study of
the selected writings of Friends could not fail
to be a valuable auxiliary. Many of their
journals are replete with interest and instruc-
tion, and can scarcely be read but with profit
and pleasure. It is true, that owing to the pe-
culiar style of the times in which they were
written, some of them are prolix and redun-
dant ; and the frequent disputes with its oppo-


nents, in which the Society was engaged, oc-
casion many of them to be of a controversial
character. Some of them too, were tempora-
ry, adapted only to the circumstances which
they were designed to meet, and of course
have lost much of their interest. By a judi-
cious selection and abridgment, the bulk, and
consequently the expense of their works,
would be much lessened, their excellent con-
tents presented to the reader in a more attrac-
tive form, and their intrinsic value enhanced.
These writings have become extremely
scarce and costly. Many of them are not to
be bought at all, and from various causes there
is no probability they will be reprinted in sin-
gle volumes ; while those of modern date are
becoming more difficult of access. While the
stock of Friends' books is thus decreasing, the
number of our members, who ought to be con-
versant with them, is augmenting ; and unless
some more effectual mode of supplying the
wants of the Society is adopted, the access to
its approved writings must soon be limited to
comparatively few. When we consider the ra-
pid increase, and the wide spread of our mem-
bers in new settlements, where books, and the
means to procure them, are alike difficult to
obtain, that many of the youth are growing up
to maturity with scarcely any opportunity of
readino; Friends' books ; the obli.«"ation which
rests on those more favourably situated, to
make an effort for relieving them from these
disadvantages, assumes a serious aspect. Im-
pressed with these considerations, Friends in
various parts of the United States, have re-
peatedly expressed the desire, that a new edi-
tion of the writings of the Society, judiciously
abridged, should be issued. The subject has
engaged the attention of several of the Meet-

ings for Sufferings; and within the past year,
increased anxiety has been expressed that it
might be carried into effect, by the publication
of them periodically, and in a connected se-
ries. Influenced by the desire to promote this
important object, and in compliance with the
solicitations of their friends, the subscribers
have been induced to undertake the labour of
editing and publishing the proposed periodical,
under the title of " Friends' Library," pro-
vided a sufficient subscription shall be ob-
tained to defray the expenses.

Their aim will be, to give the work as
much interest and value, as a careful research
into the literatui'e of the Society will furnish ;
to embrace the standa rd doctrinal treatises ;
the journals of Friends ; the history of the
Society, and biographical notices of some dis-
tinguished individuals who have left no print-
ed memoirs ; with such other original or se-
lected matter as may comport with the design.
In the prosecution of this plan they anticipate
assistance from some of their friends, and de-
sign to submit the whole to the inspection of
a committee of the Meeting for Sufferings.

Nearly all the Yearly Meetings having
approved the proposed plan, and recom-
mended it to Friends, it is respectfully sug-
gested, that Monthly and Preparative Meetings
take measures to promote subscriptions among
their members. Friends who may feel an in-
terest in the undertaking, will confer a favour
by forwarding to the editors the names of sub-
scribers, stating the Post-Offices to which their
copies shall be sent.

William Evans.
Thomas Evans.

Philadelphia, Second mo. 8, 18-36,


In tracing the history of the Christian Church
from its earUest estabUshment, through the pe-
riods of its decline, until it reached that long
and dark night of apostacy, which for ages
preceded the reformation, we find, that in pro-
portion as the life and substance of religion
decayed, a multitude of ceremonies were in-
troduced in its place, little, if at all, less oner-
ous than the typical institutions of the Mosaic
law. This has ever been the result, when the
ingenuity of man has attempted to improve
or adorn the simplicity of spiritual religion.
There is a natural activity in the human
mind, which prompts it to be busy, and can
with difficulty submit to that self-renunciation
which the gospel enjoins. It is much easier
for a professor of religion to be engaged in the
performance of rites and ceremonies, than to
yield his heart an entire sacrifice to God. Ob-
jects presented to the mind through the me-
dium of the natural senses, produce a power-
ful impression, and are more easily appre-
hended, than those truths which are addressed
to the intellectual faculties only, and are de-
signed to subdue and control the wayward
passions of the human heart. It is not sur-
prising, therefore, that instead of that worship
of the Almighty Father, which is in Spirit
and in Truth, and which requires the subjec-
tion of the will and activity of man, and the
prostration of the whole soul in reverent hu-
mility before God, a routine of ceremonies
and forms should have been substituted, cal-
culated to strike the eye and the ear with ad-

As the period of degeneracy was marked
by the great amount and increase of these
ceremonies, so, when it pleased the Most High
to raise up individuals, and enlighten them to
see the existing corruptions, and how far the
professed Christian Church had depai'ted from
original purity, and to prepare them for instru-
ments in working a reformation ; one of their
first duties was, to draw men off from those
rites by which their minds had been unduly
occupied, and on which Ihey had too much

depended, instead of pressing after experi-
mental religion in the heart.

This, of necessity, was a progressive work.
The brightness of meridian day bursts not at
once upon the world. There is a gradual in-
crease of light, from its earliest dawn until it
reaches its fullest splendour ; yet the feeblest
ray which first darts through the thick dark-
ness, is the same in its nature with the most
luminous blaze. It makes manifest those
things which the Divine controversy is against,
and leads back to the state of gospel simplici-
ty and purity, from which the visible Church
has lapsed. And although the light may not
be sufficiently clear to discover all the corrup-
tions, nor the state of the woi'ld such as to
bear their removal, yet those holy men, who
act up faithfully to the degree of knowledge
with which they are favoured, are worthy of
double honour, as instruments for correcting
the growing evils of their day, and prepaa*ing
the way for further advancement in the refor-

It is interesting to observe, that the differ-
ent religious societies which have arisen since
the reformation, all aimed at the attainment
of greater degrees of spirituality and a more
fervent piety, than was generally to be found
among the sect from which they sprung. The
idea, that forms were too much substituted for

Online LibraryWilliam EvansThe Friends' library : comprising journals, doctrinal treatises, and other writings of members of the religious Society of Friends (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 105)