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William Evans.

The Friends' library: comprising journals, doctrinal treatieses, & other writings of members of the religious Society of Freinds online

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THE



FRIENDS' LIBRARY:



CX>lfFBIBIIIO



JOURNALS, DOCTRINAL TREATISES, AND OTHER WRITINGS



ov



MEMBERS OF THE RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.



EDITED BY WILLIAM EVANS AND THOMAS EVANS.



VOL. IV.



GONTAINING



MEMOIR OF GILES B ARNARDISTON ;
MEMOIR OF ELIZABETH ASHBRIDGE i
MEMOIRS OF RUTH FOLLOWS (
LIFE OF JOHN RICHARDSON ;
LIFE OF CHARLES MARSHALL;
LIFE OF SARAH STEPHENSON |
LIFE OF BENJAMIN BANGS {



LIFE OF HENRY HX7LL ;
LIFE OF JOHN WOOLMANi
LIFE OF JANE PEARSON $
NARRATIVE OF JOHN PHILLY AND

WILLIAM MOORE,
MEMOIR OF 6HARRET VAN HA8SEN.



PHILADELPHIA:
PRINTED BY JOSEPH RAKESTRAW,

IO& THK BDITOBflt



1840.



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INDEX TO VOL- IV.



ABBHkiiNn, Elizabeth, life of, page 10 ; early im-
presBions — marriage— -solicited to join
the Papists, 11 ; goes to America— hard
servitude, 12 ; second marriaj^e— tempt-
ations and sorrows, 14 ; visits a priest
to obtain relief, 15; convinced at a
Friends' meeting, 17 ; appears in pub-
lic prayer, 20; tempted to disbelieve
that Christ is the Son of God, 21; her
death and the testimony respecting
her, 22.

R
Bangs, Benjamin, life of, 214 — apprenticeship, 215 ;
goes to London — ^witnesses the persecution
of Friends, 216; religious exercise — goes
to their meeting, 217; appears in the min-
istry, 219; controversy with a priest re-
specting the present influence of the holy
Spirit and freedom from sin, 220; efibrts to
build a meeting-house, 222; taken before
the mayor, — and discharged, 223; dispute
with a priest, 224 — visit to Ireland; pre-
dicts the scattering of some professors,
which was soon fulfilled, 228; suners much
abuse, 229, 290; testimony concerning him,
232.
Barnard, Hannah, a minister in repute, but fell

through speculation, 247.
Barnard iflton, Giles, memoir of— <x)nvicted in early
life fbr doing wrong ; declines the offer
of a berth as preacher; afterwards
enters the army ; finally retires and
becomes serious, 1; visited by G.
Fox the younger and joins Friends ;
suffers persecution, 2; removes to
Clare, 3; travels as a minister, 4;
replies to Jeffery Bullock's attack
upon Friends ; support^ the doctrine
or Christ's propitiatory sufferings, 7;
death ; G. Whitehead's testimony of

Tiim^ 9.

Bullock, Jefiery, denial of Christ; testimony of
Friends against him, 5; his recantation, 8.

Bread and wine, use of^ 79, 116.

Baptism, 96, 119.

C.

Christ Jesus; his propitiatory sufierings and death,
6, 7; spiritual appearance m the heart, 62;
testimony to his God-head and manhood, &c.,
92, 148; preached under the denomination
of the Light, 149; appears in all, 150; j&ith
in him, precious, 238; the impossibility of
missing salvation in consequence of Christ's
atonement, controverted, 249 ; his presence
with his church and people, 255; the true
Vine, 278 ; attempts cv some to level him to
the character of a mere man, 313; our In-
tercessor and Mediator ; takes up his abode
with them who keep his words, 465.



E.

Election and reprobation, unconditional, opposed,

121.
Epistle to Stanford Quarterly Meeting by H. Hull,

280; to New York Monthly Meeting, 306;

to fViends in America, 339; to Cane Creek

Monthly Meeting, 347; to Quarterly and

Monthly Meetings, 356.

Follows, Ruth, memoirs of, 24; testimony concern-
ing her, 25 ; receives a Gfift in the minis-
try and travels with E. Fletcher, 26;
travels more extensively, 28; visits Ire-
land, 30; travels westward and into Wales,
35; speaks pointedly to a person in a fiim-
ily visit, 36; advantage of silence, 43;
visits the noithem counties and Scotland,
44; second visit to Ireland, 50; visits
Bristol, &c., 55 ; letter to her grand-chil-
dren, in the eighty-sixth year of her age,
59.
Fall of man treated of, 146 ; restoration out of it,
148.

H.
Hull, Henry, memoirs of, 233 ; testimony of Stan-
ford Monthly Meeting, 234; early impres-
sions of good, 237; importance of*^ the reli-
f'ious care of parents to instruct their chil-
ren rightly — ^belief in imputative righte-
ousness insufficient; importance of living
under the Divine government and having
true faith in Christ, 238 ; trials from the re-
volutionary war, 239; removes to Stanford;
agam favoured with serious impressions, 240;
injurious effects of improper care-takers and
companions for children, 241 ; appears as a
minister, and fidls away from it for a time,
244; Hannah Barnard's fiill, 247; travels in
the ministrv, 248 ; controverts unitarianism,
249; secona visit to New England, 252; visits
a man convinced by Barclay s Apology, 254 ;
death of his father ; sets out on a journey in
the southern states, 256 ; borrow of drunken-
ness and slavery, 260; disturbance from a
woman &lling m a meeting', 262; spreads
Tracts on Slavery in Kentucky, 263; several
memorable meetmgs, 264 ; agony of a slave
at the prospect of being separated from his
family; returns to New York by sea; a storm,
269; reflections on the prospect of embarking
for England, 270; notice of Deborah Darby,
^4 ; comments on a text explained differently
a few days before by a priest, then sitting in
liie gallery, 275 ; goes to Ireland, 276 ; mys-
tery Babylon's fall, 278; epistle to Stanford
Quarterly Meeting, 280; popish holidays,
282; Friends preserved in the civil war;
plainness, 283; necessity of dependence upon
the holy Spirit in church affiiirs, 284; import-
ance of education, 285; Divine interposition,



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IV



INDEX.



288 ; suffeiws of children in factories, 291 ;
deliverance of Mary Pryor, 298; eevertd con-
vincemcnts, 295 ; receives an account of the
death of his wife, 298 ; testimony concerning
her, 300; returns home, 303; epistle to the
Monthly Meeting of New York, 306; re-
marks on the state of society, 308 ; visit to
Canada and the western parts of New York,
310; Address to Friends, 312; visit to Ohio;
sickness and death, 317; Address to the youth
in England, 319; account of the sickness and
death of S. H. HuU, by R. Hallock, 322; me-
morial of Tiddeman Hull, 325.

Holy Spirit, proof of its present operation in man,
66, 92, 93 ; the life and strength of the true
believer, 95 ; the sons of God led by it, 220,
223, 224 ; brings under condemnation for sin,
238 ; the necessity of dependence upon it in
managing the affiurs of the church, 284; efiect
of its operation on the mind, 334 ; advantage
of attending to its guidance, 364.

Holy Scriptures, written by inspiration, 70; at-
tempts of some to lav them waste, 313 ; ad-
vantages of reading them, 463.

L

Indians, their sentiments on religion, &c., 96.

K.
Keith, George, opposes John Richardson, 88.

L.
Light of Christ shining in the heart, 2, 63; advice
to the children of light, 88 ; Christ the true
Light, 149 ; appears in all men, 150.
M.
Marshall, Charles, journal of^ 123 ; convinced by
John Audland's ministry, 128 ; called to
the ministry, 130 ; remarkable preserva-
tion, 131 ; opposition of Wilkinson and
Story to meetmgs for discipline, 132 ; im-

?risoned ; an account of the visitation of
)ivine love to Bristol ; description of J.
Audland, 133 ; remarkable meeting in a
field, 134; concerning the unity of the
Spirit in Christ Jesus, 137; epistles, 139,
143; the way of life and aeath, 145;
man's fallen state, 146; restoration, 148;
wiles and snares of the enemy, 152 ; de-
struction of all Mae professions, 155 ; a
call to the scattered sheep, 156 ; decla-
ration of faith, 159; a tender visitation
to all people, 163.
Moore, William, narrative of his sufierings in Hun-
gary and Austria, 469.
P.
Pearson, Jane, life ofi 448 ; deep exercises, 451 ;
appears in the ministry ; her temptations,
454; testimony conceminff her husband,
455; lines on the death of her daughter,
456 ; travels in several counties ; death of
two daughters, 457; several evidences of
Divine regard, 458; deep conflicts: caution
respecting voc^ prayer, 459 ; strengthened
in tiie exercise of her gift— -deep baptism,
461 ; remarkable display of Divme conde-
scension—decease of her last daughter,
4^; earlv reading the Scriptures, 463;
renewed baptisms and Divine openings,
464; prayer for continued protecting care.



465; prays for her grand-eon— evidence
that mercy had been granted to him at a
late hour, 466; her death and the testi-
mony of liie Monthly Meeting, 467.
Philly, John, narrative of his sufferings in Hun-
gary and Austria, 469.
Prayer, the necesmry qualification for, 104; ex-
cellency of it, 382.

E.

Richaidson* John, life o^testimcmies of him, 60;
gives an account of his fiither, 61 ; his
own temptations— could find none to
direct him to the true Shepherd — spi-
ritual openings, 62; aversion to Qua-
kers—convinced of their testimonies —
predicts the consequences of his mo-
ther's second marriage, 64 ; omits tak-
ing off his hat at tables-difficulties from
his father-in-law, 65 ; proves the pre-
sent influence of the Spirit of Truth —
receives a gift in the ministry, 67;
expelled from his father's house — Di-
vine promises and direction where to
go, 68 ; his lameness and stammering
cured— dispensation of visions, &c., —
travels in the ministry, 69 ; delight in
the Scriptures — a cauticm not to rest
in the letter, 70; aids in the discipline,
72 ; vision of pride, &c., 73 ; heavenly
openings, 74; exercises before his visit
to America, 76; sudden stop in preach-
ing — treasons with a priest against a
siezure, 78 ; use of bread and wine,
79; extraordinarv meeting at Nan-
tucket, 83; remark of William Penn —
advice to ministers, 87 ; attack of G.
Keith, 88 ; gross wickedness detected,
95; interview between William Penn
and Indians, 96; argument on bap-
tism, 98; professional Quaker, 99;
presence of mind in danger, 100 ; em-
iNLrks for Barbadoes, 101; converses
with the governor on war, 102 ; visits
the chief justice, 103; declines the
formal asking of a blessing at table,
104; chased by a warlike vessel, 106 ;
detects a Friend in holding water bap-
tism, 107; returns home, 109; death
of his second wife — testimony respect-
ing her, 110; visit to Ireland— conse-
quences of letting fall the discipline,
112; dispute with a Papist respecting
transubstentiation, 116; ontythes, 117;
second visit to America, 119; resur-
rection, 120; election and reprobation,
121 ; remarkable preservation, 122.
S.

Stephenson, Saiah, memoirs of^ 171; early exer-
cises, 172 ; travels as a nunister, 175 ;
commences family visiting, 176 ; visit
to Ireland, 185; renews covenant, 190;
obtains a certificate to visit some of
the eastern, northern, and midland
counties in England, 192; prepares
for fiirther service abroad, 195; two
memorandums of Divine fkvour, 200;
visits Ireland at a time of civil com-
motion, 201; visit to America, 206;
sicbaess and death, 210.



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INDEX.



Slavery, ooDoderatioiui on, d06, 401; foreiim slaye
trade, 410, 482.

W.

Wodman, John, journal of, 326; spends firstrday
aftemooDS in reading the Scriptures and
other good books— ^convinced that true
religion consists in an inward life, 881;
went to meetings in an awful frame of
mind — says a few words in a meeting,
882; unwilling to write a conveyance
of a negro as a slave — ^first journey,
888; his feelin^fs on partaking at the
tables of slave-holders, 885; conversap
tion with a convinced people, 886; death
and character of his &tiier, 887; de-
clines writing a will to convey slaves —
publishes Considerations on Slavery,
888, epistle to Friends, 889; scruples
to do writinfTs relative to shives, 8^ ;
trials as a mmister — ^feels a stop in re-
lation to his business— -remarks on ar-
dent spbrits, 841 ; travels in the south-
em states— remarks on slavery, 848;
distress at the state of the church, 846 ;
epistie to Cane Creek Monthly Meeting,
847; Mennonist declines nartaking wiui
a slave-holder— tax hud lor canying on
war, 850; John Huss and Thomas AKem-
pis foUowers of Christ, 851 ; draft of
soldiers, 852; refuses pay for the board of
a soldier — ^buying negroes brought to the
Yearly Meeting,353; visits some Friends
holding slaves ; brevity in speaking to bu-
siness m meetings, 855; epistie to Quar-
terly and Monttdy Meetings, 357 ; obser-
vations on the smaU pox, 858 ; concern
to avoid saymg any thing to embellish
his ministry, 360; exercise at New
England Yearly Meeting on the foreign
slave trade, 361 ; also on lotteries, 3^ ;



wholesome hints to ministers, 868 ; pub-
lishes the second part of Considerations
<m Slavery — ^remarks on a plain way of
living, 865; visit to the Indians, 867;
remarks of John Smith, of Marlborough
— some reflections on pure wisdom, 875 ;
followers of Joseph Nichols, 376; travels
to the south on foot, 378 ; executes a bond
to pay for the time of a coloured boy
whom he had joined another in binding
too lonff a term, 378 ; concern to visit the
West Indies, 380; excellency of prayer
— prepares for a visit to England 382
Observations on a sailor's life, 384, 440
attends London Yearly Meeting, 389,
distress at Friends being mixed with the
world — account of a fit of sickness in
which he beheld the misery of men
working in the silver mines, 390; re-
marks on using dyes, also on the minis-
try, 392; taken ill with the small pox,
393; last expressions and death, 394;
Considerations on Keeping Negroes,
395, 401 ; Account of Slave trade, 410 ;
On human policy, 416; On Labour, 417;
On Schools, 418 ; On the use of outward
Gifls, 419 ; On true Harmony, 421 ; Ex-
ample of Christ, 424; On Merchandiz-
ing, 425; Divine admonitions, 428 ; On
k)ving neighbours, 429; Note on Uie
enormity and horrors of the African
Slave trade, 432; Silent Worship—
epistie to the Quarterly and Monthly
Meetings, 442.
Worship, Silent, fe; Divine openings and confi-
dence renewed in a silent meeting, 448,
444.

V.

Van Hassen, Gharret, memoir of, 479.



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MEMOIR



OF



GILES BARNARDISTON,



G1LB8 Baknakdistoiv, of Clare, id the
county of Suffolk, born about the year 1624,
was an eminent instance of the power of the
grace of God in subduing the heart, and hum-
bling the man to the teachable condition of a
little child. His parents, who were persons of
repute in the world, gave him an education
consistent with their rank. Ailer passing
through the common schools he was placed
at the university, where he pursued his studies
six years, with the object of taking the office
of a minister in thexhurch.

In childhood he was convicted by the re-
proofs of the Holy Spirit for doing wrong,
however secret his actions; and was made
sensible that it was the will of his heavenly
Father he should forsake evil and live in con-
formity to his i^uisitions. But it was his
unhappiness not to know at that time what it
was that thus reproved him for vice and at-
tracted him to the paths of virtue ; many of
the preachers of that day deriding the doc-
trine of the immediate communications of the
Holy Spirit in the heart of man. Aller finish-
ing his studies, and according to the judgment
of his friends, become qualified to fill the office
of a minister, an offer of a living was made to
him, but be felt reluctant to assume such a
charge. Not having submitted to the heart-
changing power of Divine grace, he was con«
sdous of wanting that purity and those spiritual
gifU and qualifications, which he conceived the
Scriptures point out as essential to the office of
a Gospel minister; and regarding the functions
as too solemn and weighty to be entered on in
his present state, he rejected the solicitations
of his friends to accept the berth provided for
him, and thus incurred their displeasure, being
persuaded that no lucrative motive should in-
fluence in such a decision.

Notwithstanding the correctness of his con-
clusion respecting the priests' office, he had
not attained the stability to resist the allure-
ments pf pleasure, and accordingly indulged
in sensaal gratifications and the pastimes and

Vol. IV.— No. 1.



recreations of the day. But he was not suf-
fered to pass without condemnation from the
swifl witness against sin in his own breast,
which brought him under remorse and anguish
for his evil courses. At the breaking out of
the civil war between Charles I. and the par-
liament, he obtained a colonel's commission
in the army. Though he ac(juired the repu-
tation of being skilfiil in military tactics, he
became disgusted with violence and blood-
shed, and the torrent of wickedness which
threatened to overwhelm the nation. He
threw up his commission and retired to Worm-
ingford Lodge, in Essex ; where, in privacy
and solitude, be applied himself to serious
meditation, relinquishing all his former amuse-
ments and living a stricter life. He ofien re-
marked to his friends afier his reformation,
that he had no real enjoyment in the midst of
his mirth and jollity, but bitterness and^a sting
were the fruit of all his sports; he had no rest
or peace going out or coming in, lying down
or rising up.

In his present seclusion desires were raised in
his soul ailer the Lord, and that he would show
him the path of life and lead him in the way
everlasting. He was now fully sensible that
the way in which he had walked led to the
chambers of death, and his steps took hold on
hell ; and he resolved that if he could but find
out the path of everlasting life, and the people
who were seeking the Lord with their whole
heart, he would unite and diligently seek with
them; for he saw through all mere outside pro-
fession. He bad known in time past his mer-
riment turned into sadness, and sometimes
mourning and tears, and his mind awakened
to a consideration of an eternal state, and the
account he must one day give of the deeds of
this life ; and now he was aroused, under the
renewed visitation of the light and grace of
Christ, by which his deeds of darkness were
manifested and reproved,. to enter into a fer-
vent search afWr those things which make for
peace and salvation.



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2



MEMOIR OF GILES BARNARDISTON.



Id this state of mind he felt an inclination
to inquire into the principles of Friends, and
accordingly invited some of them to his house.
George Fox, junior, then at Colchester, took
George Wetherly and paid him a visit, and
they were kindly received. They entered into
conversation upon the doctrines of the Gospel ;
whereupon George Fox, as related by John
Furly, testified, "That Christ Jesus, the Light
of the world, who tasted death for every man,
did also in his universa) love to all mankind,
enlighten them, to the end that none should
perish and abide in darkness, but through be-
lieving in and following him, they might have
the light of life, and so come to the knowledge
of the Truth and be saved — that for men to
despise this inshining light of Christ Jesus in
their hearts and consciences, was to reject
their own mercy, choose their own delusions
and neglect their own salvation ; nay, to re-
ject Christ Jesus himself, who according to his
gracious words at his departure, promised that
*he is with you and shall be in you;' and who
in tender mercy and good will to the sons and
daughters of men, was come near to visit
them, to preserve their feet from falling, and
their souls from death ; by which tender the
Lord is clear from all men's blood, and their
destruction is of themselves. This being the
condemnation, that light is come into th^
world, and men love darkness rather than
light, because their deeds are evil ; and the
light of Christ Jesus, judging, reproving, de
tecting, convincing and arraigning them for
sin and evil, by resisting it they become ene-
mies thereto, as the apostle testified, through
wicked works."

This testimony, confirmed by the Holy
Scriptures and his own experience, was re-
ceived and embraced by Giles Barnardiston.
His understanding was afresh illuminated to
see the corrupt state of his conversation in
the world ; and consulting no longer with flesh
and blood, he thenceforth renounced the vani-
ties and unprofitable associates and pleasures
in which he had taken delight, and submitting
to the yoke of Christ he became the compan-
ion of the self-denying Quakers, in following
him who is meek and low of heart. Relin-
quishing the glory and the friendships of this
world, of which he might have partaken
largely from his rank in life, his talents and
acquirements, he frequented the religious
meetings of those who feared the Lord, though
regarded as men of low degree, and in a little
time he became a good example of humility
and self-denial, and of constancy in supporting
their meetings through a scene of almost un-
paralleled persecution.

In the town of Colchester Friends were un-
dergoing much suffering at the time he com-



menced attending their meetings. The mayor
exerted all his influence to distress and scatter
them. After breaking up their meeting by
force, and committing many to prison, a party
of the country troops were employed to carry
on the work of destruction more eflectually.
They broke up the seats and the windows of
the meeting-house, beat some of those assem-
bled there and carried others to prison. Being
kept out of the house, Friends collected in the
street, regularly on first and fourth-days, some-
times in cold and rain, and there held their
meetings for the worship of Almighty God,



Online LibraryWilliam EvansThe Friends' library: comprising journals, doctrinal treatieses, & other writings of members of the religious Society of Freinds → online text (page 1 of 104)