Copyright
William Frederick Taylor.

W. F. Taylor's guide to Windsor, Eton, & Virginia Water; arranged in the most concise form and embracing a description of the gold pantry, and the interior of the private apartments, with catalogue of the paintings in the state rooms of the royal residence, and explanatory references to the most att online

. (page 1 of 5)
Online LibraryWilliam Frederick TaylorW. F. Taylor's guide to Windsor, Eton, & Virginia Water; arranged in the most concise form and embracing a description of the gold pantry, and the interior of the private apartments, with catalogue of the paintings in the state rooms of the royal residence, and explanatory references to the most att → online text (page 1 of 5)
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W.F. Taylor's Guide to Windsor,
Eton, and Virginia Water




THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES

GIFT OF

Mrs. Frances Maclver






SIXPENCE.



-



ffiutlre



AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD

EMlUlACINTr A



-BXSCPJPTIO'



Anterior of % Jlributc



CA.TALQQWE OF

IN THE STATE ROOMS ;

Also Diri'rtinns for ftfmt^of tJiemoiit Picturcxijiii' Drin'* in f/tu



Wl N DSO
PKISTEM A\n soi.n ]5Y W. K. TAYI.UR, ]:;, I'.icn











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30 CIRCLES

35



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22/6
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Covers of various
kinds are made,
with eyelets to
lace on the cages.
White Muslin I/;
French Llama la
all colours, 5/11
each.



" The dress falls in graceful folds." Morning Post.
" Learned in the art of Petticoats." Le Follet.
" A celebrated maker of Jupons." Art Journal.



The Pompadour Crinoline,

WITHOUT STEEL,
(REGISTERED),

made entirely without steel, and, when on the
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to the Court and Royal Family 1



(Opposite St. James's Church, W.)



TO FAMILIES REMOVING OR TRAVELLING.

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MANUFACTORY, HOUSLEYDOWN, S.E.



F. TAYLOR'S
GUIDE TO WINDSOK,

(i0it, $ fftrgima Mixte;

ARRANGED IN THE HOST CONCISE FORM,
AND EMBRACING A

DESCRIPTION OF THE GOLD PANTRY,

AND

Cjre Jfn:tm0r 0f % |jri:frate g^artmettfs,

WITH

CATALOGUE OF THE PAINTINGS

In tke St&te Rooms eftke Royal Rexidenee,

AND EXPLANATORY" REFERENCES
& i\t most ittraf(il x



AND OTHER OBJECTS OP INTEREST TO VISITORS IN THB
VICINITIES OP WINDSOR AND ETON.



WINDSOR: W. F. TAYLOR, 13, HIGH STREET,

Forwarded free on receipt of s



3>A



PREFACE.



THE object of the writer of this little work is no*
to enter into a detailed description of the various
attractions and beauties of Windsor Castle, and of
the immense number of works of art it contains ;
but simply to point out, in a concise manner, their
nature and general character, so as to afford, at one
view, a brief sketch of those objects scattered
throughout the royal residence, which have beon
for so long a period the scources of delight and
gratification to visitors. There will be found in the
following pages, in addition to a short description
of some of the principal objects of interest, rides
and drives in this vicinity, regulations relating to
the obtaining of tickets to view the State Apartments
at the Castle, the Royal Mews, and other portions
of the royal residence, are clearly given, so as to
save loss of time to those who may desire to pay
them a visit.



922428



CONTENTS.



Pane.

The Town of Windsor ... ... ... 5

Windsor Castle ... ... ... 7

The State Apartments ... ... ... 9

The Gold Pantry ... ... ... 17

Her Majesty's Private Apartments ... ... 19

The Statue of Charles II. ... ... 25

The Round Tower ... ... ... ... 25

The Terraces ... ... ... 25

The Royal Stables and Riding House ... ... 26

Herne'sOak ... ... ... 27

The Queen's Private Kennel ... ... 27

The Royal Aviary ... ... ... 28

The Royal Gardens at Frogmore ... ... 28

The Private Pleasure Grounds, known as the Slopes 28

Mausoleum of the Duchess of Kent at Frogmore ... 29
The Royal Dairy at Frogmore ... ... 30

The Royal Mausoleum ... ... ... 31

St. George's Chapel ... ... ... 34

Eton College and Chapel ... ... ... 46

Rides and Drives in the Vicinity of Windsor ... 47 & 58

Virginia Water ... ... ... ... 61

Rides & Drives in the Picturesque Vicinity of Windsor,
With their respective distances from, the To-ien.

Miles Miles M'det

Ascot Heath 7 Dorney 4 Salt Hill

Bagshot 10 Dropmore 8 Slough 2J

Belvidere Fort 7 Egham 5 Staines 6

Bray 6 Englefield Green 5 Stoke 5



Burnham



BurnhamBeeches 7 Hedsor



5 Farnham Royal 5 St. Leonard's



Chalvey

Chertsey

Clewer

Cliefden

Colnbrook

Cranbourne



2 Holyport

9 Horton

1 Iver

9 Langley

5 Maidenhead



9 Sunninghill

5 Thorpe

4 Upton

8 Uxbridge

5 Virginia Water 6

6 Warfiold 8



4 Monkey Island 5 Winkfield



Cumberland Lge. 4 Old Windsor
Datchet 2 Runnymede



5

2 Windlcshara 10

3 Wraysbury 4



Cab Fare to any of the above places {* Is. a mile out, and 6d,
a, mile return, nith a trifle for the driver.



GUIDE, &c.



WINDSOR.

A market and borough town and parish, having a
separate jurisdiction, but locally within the hundred of
Ripplesmere. It was anciently called Windleshore, from
the winding of the river Thames, on the banks or shore
on which it is situated. Windsor owes its importance
and origin to the Royal Castle, which has been the
favourite residence of some of our most distinguished
Sovereigns, and the scene of grand tournaments during
the ages of chivalry, and of various other festivities and
national assemblies.

The Norman Conqueror kept the festival of Whitsun-
tide at Windsor in 1071, and in the following year a
synod was held in which the province of York was made
subject to Canterbury : The see of York to be styled
Primus Anglice, and the see of Canterbury Primas totius
Anglia;, as it is at this day.

Visitors can come direct into the town by the branch
lines of either the Great Western or by the Southwestern
Railways.

The Town-hall contains a very fine whole length por-
trait of George IV, painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence, and
presented by that sovereign to the Mayor and Corporation.
There are also portraits of Her Majesty and the Prince
Consort, George HI and Queen Charlotte, James I,
Charles I and n, Queen Anne and Prince George of
Denmark, Prince Rupert, Archbishop Laud, and other



celebrated characters. In niches, at the north and south
ends of the exterior of the building, are statues of Queen
Anne and her royal consort.

The hall was built by Sir Christopher Wren, and one
fact connected therewith is worthy of notice, as showing
how far that great architect was before the age in which
he lived. When the hall was completed the corporation
refused to enter, declaring it to be unsafe while unsup-
ported in the centre. The architect was thereat obliged
to construct four pillars, and while he thus condescended
to humour his patrons, he took care to carry out his
own views. It was not discovered till lately that the
pillars in question never supported the building, being
at least one and a half inches from it. The hall may be
viewed on application to Mr. Dobson, the hall-keeper, in
Peascod-slreet.

The parish church of St. John, in the High-street,
contains a painting of the Lord's Supper, over the altar,
presented by George III. The rail, enclosing the altar,
is a beautiful specimen of carving, by the celebrated
Gibbons. The church can be viewed on application to
Mr. Stevenson, the parish clerk.

At the back of the church, in St. Alban's-street, is
the house in which Bishop Juxon resided ; and in the
adjoining stable the body of King Charles I was laid
previous to interment.

The new district church of the Holy Trinity is in
Clarence-crescent. The first stone was laid by the
Prince Consort in 1842.

All Saint's Church is in Francis Road. The first
stone was laid by H.R.H. the Princess of Prussia, on
2 1st November, 1863.



WINDSOR CASTLE.

Originally, doubtless a fortress of the Romans: *c-
cording to some historians it was newly built by Henry
I, together with a chapel, where, in 1122, he celebrated
his marriage with his second Queen Adelais of Lorrain.
A parliament was held in the fortress under Henry II, in
1170, at which William the Lion, King of Scotland, and
his brother David, attended as feudal barons of the realm.

Great additions were made to the fortifications by
Henry III In the sixth year of Edward I a grand
tournament was held in the adjoining park ; this mon-
arch, with his son, continually resided in the castle,
which became the birthplace of several of their children ;
among whom the most celebrated was King Edward HI
hence called by historians Edward of Windsor. This
monarch showed his regard for the place of his nativity
by the improvements he made in both the town and
castle ; but especially with the latter, which, with the
exception of three towers at the west end of the lower ward
(see Thames-street) he caused to be rebuilt. These vast
improvements were superintended by WMiam of* Wyke-
ham, (afterwards the Bishop of Winchester) who in 1359
was appointed keeper of the manors of Old and New
Windsor. About 1373 the buildings were completed,
comprising the King's Palace, the great hall of St. George,
the lodgings on the east and south sides of the Upper
Ward, the Round Tower, the Chapel of St. George, the
Canons' houses in the Lower Ward, and the whole cir-
cumference of the walls, with the towers and gates.

* Visitors may see cut out in a stone of the Winchester
Tower these words " Hoc fecit Wykeham." The king on
seeing the words was exceedingly wroth against Wykeham,
and but for his dexterity the affair would have gone seriously
with the architect. Being summoned into the king's presence,
the king demanded his explanation, when Wykeham told the
king he read the inscription wrongly ; it was not "that Wyke-
ham made the ton-er, but that tJie tower made Wykeham,
whereat the king's wroth was appeased.



8



In tlie reign of Edward III, King John of France and
King David of Scotland were prisoners together in the
castle. Henry VII made various alterations, and by
order of Queen Elizabeth the terrace walk on the north
ride of the castle was constructed.

During the civil war between Charles I and the par-
liament, Windsor Castle was garrisoned by the troops
of the latter, and Colonel Venn, subsequently one of the
judges of the High Co-art of Justice, was appointed
governor. Prince Rtzpert made an ineffectual attack on
the castle in the autumn of 1642 , but it remained in
possession of the parliament during the war, and in 1648
it became the prison of that unfortunate monarch.
Charles H, on his restoration, finding the castle had
suffered much from violence and neglect, caused it to be
well repaired and richly furnished, making it his summer
residence.

In the spring of 1824 a parliamentary grant of
J6300,000 was voted for the general improvements of the
castle, and the execution of the undertaking was en-
trusted to Sir Geofrey Wyatville. Subsequent grants
tave raised the sum appropriated for the buildings alone
to 771,000.

The Castle consists of two courts or wards, between
which is the keep or round tower ; the whole occupying
about 12 acres of ground, and having batteries and
bastions for self defence. The upper ward consists of a
spacious quadrangle, bounded on the west by the round
tower; on the north, by the royal apartments, St. George's
hall and the chapel, and on the east and south by the
chambers appropriated for the officers of state.

Windsor Castle has been the favourite residence of
King George III, King George IV (who greatly enriched
it), William IV, and our beloved Queen, who makes it
her usual winter residence.




THE STATE APARTMENTS.

The State Apartments are open gratuitously to the
public on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday.
Tickets may be obtained at the following establishments
in London : Messrs. P. and D. Colnaghi, 14, Pall-mall
East; Mr. Mitchell, 33, Old Bond-street; and Mr.
Wright, 60, Pall-mall : tickets procured in London are
available for one week from the day they are issued.
[Residents and visitors at Windsor may obtain tickets
on application (between 1 and 3, from April 1 to Oct. 31,
for admission between 1 and 4 ; and between 12 and 2,
from Nov. 1 to March 31, for admission between 12 and 3)
to MiSeabrook, at the Lord Chamberlain's office, near the
Winchester Tower, Windsor Castle; but those tickets are
only available for the day on which they are issued. It
is therefore advisable that those parties who intend to
view the Castle should endeavour to obtain their tickets
in London, such tickets enabling them to enter the Castle
two hours earlier than those which are procured at
Windsor.

We will now proceed briefly to describe the State
Apartments in the order in which they are shown to the
public, premising that the entrance is under the Gothic
Porch, near the Round Tower :

THE QUEEN'S AUDIENCE CHAMBER. On the ceiling is
an allegorical painting by Antonio Verrio, representing
Queen Catherine as Britannia, in a triumphal car, drawn
by swans, accompanied by Pomona, Ceres, Flora, and
other heathen goddesses, proceeding towards the Temple
of Virtue. The walls of three sides of the room are hung
with gobelin tapestry, illustrating three events in the life
of Esther, viz :

1, Esther confided to the care of Hagai

2, The Triumph of Mordecai

8, The Crowning of Esther by Ahasueru



10



There are but few paintings in this apartment ; two
(whole length portraits of the father and grandfather
of William III), by Honthorst.

4, A whole length and highly interesting portrait of

Mary Queen of Scots, by Janet

5, Frederick Henry Prince of Orange, by Honthorst

6, William II, by the same artist.

jlie frames are elaborately carved by QiUbont.

THE OLD BALL ROOM, OR "VANDYCK ROOM." The
whole of the paintings (twenty-two in number) are the
productions of Vandyck. They are splendid specimens
of the taste and talent of this well-known master, and
are portraits of the following royal and distinguished
personages.

1, Henry Comte de Bergh
2; Charles I ; Queen Henrietta ; Prince Charles
and Prince James

3, Mary Duchess of Richmond

4, Thomas Killigrew and Thomas Carew

5, Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I

6, Lady Venetia Digby

7, George Villiers and Lord Francis Villiers

8, Prince of Carignan

9, Henrietta Maria

10, Beatrix de Cusance Princesse de Cantecroy

11, Five children of Charles I Prince Charles,

James Duke of York, & the Princesses Mary,
Elizabeth, and Anne

12, Charles I

13, Henrietta Maria

14, Lucy Countess of Carlisle

15, Sir Ken elm Digby

16, Prince Charles, afterwards Charles II

17, The Artist's own Portrait

18, Henrietta Maria

19, Three children of Charles I, viz : Prince Charles,

(Charles II), Princess Royal, (Mary Princess
of Orange), and Prince James, (James II)

20, Mary Countess of Dorset

21, Charles I on horseback

22, A portrait of a gentlemen unknown



11



The equestrian portrait of Charles I is a magnificent
production : the head of the king had evidently been
removed and afterwards replaced. It is supposed that
when the king's collection of paintings "was announced
for sale, some zealous lover of royalty adopted that mode
of preserving the head of his Majesty from desecration,
and replaced it after the restoration." The ceiling is
composed of gilded panelings, and is ornamented with
the rose, the shamrock, and thistle, the royal arms, the
initials of George the III, palm branches, &c. Upon tho
crimson silk damask hangings are displayed the insignia
of the Orders of the Garter, Bath, St. Patrick, and the
Thistle.

THE QUEEN'S STATE DRAWING-ROOM, OB "ZUCCARELU
ROOM." There are fourteen paintings in this apartment,
nine of which are by Zuccarelli, and are as follow :

1, The Meeting of Isaac and Eebecca

2, The Finding of Moses

(Painted expressly for George III, the artist being left to

the choice of his subject.)
3 to 9, Seven large Landscapes,
One of which represents Jacob tending the flocks of Laban.

10, Portraits of Henry Duke of Gloucester, when a child,.

the youngest son of Charles I

11, George I, by Fountaine

12, George II

13, George III

14, Frederick Prince of Wales.

In the centre of the ceiling, which is of stucco, w
an octagon panel of large dimensions, encircled with tho
rose, shamrock, thistle, and oak leaves. In richly
emblazoned shields are the royal arms, and the arms of
Saxe Meiningen, surmounted with the imperial crown :
the initials ""W. R." and "A. R." are also borne on other
shields at the end of the room. . The rich silk damask
hangings are ornamented with the arms of William IV and
Queen Adelaide.



12



THE tfTATE ANTE-ROOM. There are some beautiful
specimens of carving of fowl, fish, fruit, and flowers on
the coving of this room, by Gibbons. On the ceiling,
which is painted by Verrio, is represented a Banquet of
the Gods. A portrait, on stained glass, of George III in
his coronation robes, copied from a picture by Sir Joshua
Reynolds, is in a recess over the fixe place.

THE GRAND STAIRCASE AND VESTIBULE. In proceeding
from the State Ante-room to the Waterloo Chamber, a
view is obtained of Sir Francis Chantrey's colossal marble
statue of George IV, placed in a deep recess on the first
landing of the Grand Staircase. In the Grand Vestibule,
a spacious apartment, upwards of forty feet in height,
nearly fifty feet long, and thirty feet in width, there are
several suits of armour of the sixteenth century, and nu-
merous military trophies which decorate the walls, besides
a fine piece of sculpture of an Infant Hercules, antique
study, &c.

THE WATERLOO CHAMBER. This splendid apartment,
in which many of the state banquets given by the
sovereign take place, contains a series of thirty-eight
portraits, exclusively confined to those distinguished per-
sonages "who were connected either in an immediate or
accessory manner with the battle of Waterloo." The
portraits, which are as follow, were all painted by Sir
Thomas Lawrence, with the exception of those nine to
which we have affixed the names of the other artists who
were honoured with commissions:

1 , Le Due de Bichlien

2, General Overoff

3, Duke of Cambridge

4, Right Hon.R B. Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, K,Q.
6, William IV (by Sir David Wilke)

6, George III (by Sir William Beechy)
t, George IT




13



8, Viscount Castlereagh, K. G.

9, Duke of York, K. G.

10, Baron Von Humboldt

11, Eight Hon. George Canning

12, Eight Hon. Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl of Bathurst, K.O.

13, Count Munster

14, Cardinal Ercole Gonsalvi
15 Prince of Hardenburgh

16, William III, King of Prussia

17, Francis I, Emperor of Austria

18, Alexander I, Emperor of Euseia

19, Count Nesselrode

20, Pope Pius VII

21, Count of Cape d'Istrias

22, Prince of Metternich-Winneberg

23, Viscount Hill, G. C. B. (by H. W. Pickersgill, B. A.)

24, Charles X, King of France

25, Prince of Schwartzenberg

26, Archduke of Austria

27, Lieut.-General Sir Thomas Picton, G. C. B.

(by Sir Martin Archer Shee, P.B.A.)

28, Duke of Angouleme

29, William Frederick Duke of Brunswick- Oelfl

30, The King of the Belgians

31, General Sir James Kempt, G. C. B.

(by H. W. Pickersgill, E.A.)

32, Count Platoff

33, Duke of Wellington, K. G.

34, Gelhard Von Blucher, Prince of Wahstadt

35, Count Alten, G. C. B. & G. C. H. (by Eeichmann)

36, Marquis of Anglesea, K.G. (by Sir M. A. Shee, P.B.A.)

37, Lieut.-General Count Czernitschoff

88, William Frederick George Lewis, Prince of Orange

The chimney pieces, the paneling of the doors, and
some of the picture frames, are enriched with the carvings
of Gibbons, as are also some of the mouldings, &c., in-
cluding wreaths of flowers, fruit, &c., in other portions
of the gallery.

THE PRESENCE CHAMBER, OR "GRAND BALL-ROOM."
The oast and west sides of this noble apartment, which is
90 feet in length and 3-1 feet in breadth and height, are



14



embellished with six magnificent specimens of gobelin
tapestry, illustrating the history of Jason and the Golden
Fleece. The subjects are thus divided : The marriage
of Jason and Cruesa ; the battle of the Soldiers of the
Serpent's teeth ; the flight of Medea to Athens ; Jason
plighting his faith to Medea ; Creusa consumed by the
fire of the fatal robe ; and Jason obtaining the Golden
Fleece. The rare and costly Malachite Vase, presented
to Her Majesty by the Emperor of Eussia ; and the two
exquisitely- worked vases of granite, a present from the
King of Prussia to William IV, are also in this apartment.

ST. GEORGE'S HALL. In this spacious hall, which is
200 feet in length, 34 feet in width, and 32 feet in height,
are whole-length portraits of the following sovereigns :
James I, and Charles I, by Vandyck; Charles II, and
James II, by Sir Peter Lely ; Mary, William III, Anne,
and George I, by Sir Godfrey Kneller ; George H, by


1 3 4 5

Online LibraryWilliam Frederick TaylorW. F. Taylor's guide to Windsor, Eton, & Virginia Water; arranged in the most concise form and embracing a description of the gold pantry, and the interior of the private apartments, with catalogue of the paintings in the state rooms of the royal residence, and explanatory references to the most att → online text (page 1 of 5)