William Hale-White.

Materia medica, pharmacy, pharmacology and therapeutics online

. (page 63 of 67)
Online LibraryWilliam Hale-WhiteMateria medica, pharmacy, pharmacology and therapeutics → online text (page 63 of 67)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


the many diseases in which streptococci can be found. One
great disadvantage of it is that it is always impossible to foretell
whether it will be of use; this is because different cultivations
of apparently the same streptococcus vary so widely in their
properties that serum which is antibactericidal to one cultivation
is not to another.

ANTIPNEUMOCOCCIC SERUM. (Not official.) This is prepared
in the same way as antistreptococcic serum, and like it is antibactericidal, not
antitoxic. It has been used for diseases due to the pneumococcus, but the evi-
dence of its efficacy is slight.

ANTIVENOMOUS SERUM. (Not official.) Probably the poison
of all venomous snakes is the same. Horses are rendered immune to snake
poison by repeated injections of snake-venom, and Calmette and Fraser have
shown that the hypodermatic injection of serum from such horses will cure
those bitten by a venomous snake and also render persons immune to snake
poison.

PLAGUE SERUM AND INOCULATION. (Not official.) A
serum obtained from horses inoculated with plague has been used in the treat-
ment of human beings affected with plague. Its efficacy is doubtful. If it
does good it is in virtue of its antibactericidal properties, for it is not antitoxic.
An emulsion of dead plague bacilli has been largely used to vaccinate those
exposed to plague. Haffkine has shown that those thus vaccinated rarely
contract plague when exposed to it.

CHOLERA SERUM AND INOCULATION. (Not official.)
This serum is of no therapeutic value, but there is some evidence that vaccina-
tion with cholera micro-organisms affords some protection.



7IO ORGANIC MATERIA MEDICA.

TYPHOID SERUM AND INOCULATION. (Not official.)
There is no evidence that the serum treatment of typhoid fever is of benefit.
Inoculation by injecting dead bacilli in the abdominal wall with all antiseptic
precautions has been practiced. Local inflammatory reaction with some
pyrexia follows in a few hours, but usually soon passes off. Therefore it is
best not to give the injection in the evening. It has not yet been shown
whether this inoculation confers immunity, but the blood serum of an inoculated
person [agglutinates] typhoid bacilli.

NUTRIENT SERUM. (Not official.) When diphtheritic antitoxic
serum was first introduced it was very dilute, and therefore large quantities
(e.g., 320 c.c. [10 fl. oz.] in two days for a child five years old) were injected.
Such quantities produced no ill-effects, and this fact suggested to Salter that
serum might be injected subcutaneously as a food in human beings. He has
shown by experiments on animals that while the injection of small quantities,
by increasing the katabolism of the body, leads to an increase of urinary
nitrogen and a loss of weight, when large quantities are injected the serum is
utilized as a food to such an extent as more than to counterbalance the loss due
to the induced increased katabolism, for life is much prolonged if animals are
allowed no food nor drink except such as is provided by the subcutaneous in-
jection of serum.

When the serum of one animal is injected into another of a different species,
unimportant toxic effects, such as transitory pyrexia, a rash, and joint pains are
frequently observed. Salter states that if serum be heated to 65 C. [149 F.]
the bodies producing these effects and those exciting increased nitrogenous
katabolism are destroyed, although the value of the serum as a subcutaneous
food is not impaired.

Such a heated horse- or sheep-serum may be injected into man when, after
severe abdominal operations, it is impossible or undesirable to introduce any
food into the stomach or intestines, in certain severe cases of gastro-intestinal
disease, as gastric ulcer, typhoid fever, infantile diarrhoea, or during the
vomiting that occurs with severe post- diphtheritic paralysis. For an infant
33 to 40 c.c., [8 to 10 fl. dr.], for a child 60 to 80 c.c., [16 to 20 fl. dr.], and
for an adult 100 to 120 c.c., [3 to 4 fl. oz.], may be used and repeated ac-
cording to the severity of the case. If it is intended to administer repeated
daily doses, the most satisfactory plan is to inject the liquid into the loose sub-
cutaneous tissue of, say one loin on the first occasion, the opposite loin on the
second, then into either axilla, then between the shoulder blades, and so on,
thus ringing the changes and giving each shot a few days' rest before practic-
ing a second inoculation at the same place.

HYDROPHOBIA ANTIDOTE. [Although this is not an antitoxin
nor a serum it is conveniently considered here. ] A rabbit is inoculated from
the spinal cord of an animal dead of hydrophobia, other rabbits are inoculated
from this, and so through a series until the spinal cord (which is the chief seat



THE ANTITOXINS AND SERUMS. 7 II

of the virus in hydrophobia) contains a virus the incubation period of which is
seven days. The spinal cord loses its virulence when exposed to the air, so
that a series of spinal cords (each of which originally contained a virus the in-
cubation period of which was seven days) can be prepared of greater or less
virulence according to the time during which they have been exposed to the
air.

USES OF HYDROPHOBIA ANTIDOTE.

It is found that if a patient who has been bitten by a rabid
dog is inoculated first with a rabbit's spinal cord of a low degree
of virulence, and the next day with one of higher degree, and so
on increasing the virulence of the injection, hydrophobia does
not usually develop in him if the treatment is begun soon after
the bite. [The reports of the use of this suggest that some of
the deaths after treatment may be due to it rather than to the
bite. Inasmuch as the incubation period of hydrophobia is so
extremely variable, the pathological findings so inconstant and
the symptoms so diverse, there is some reason for doubting the
existence of the disease in man. At least the majority of alleged
cases have been shown to have been those of various diseases.
For this reason the antidote possesses but little interest save to
those who are interested in spreading hydrophobia-phobia.]



APPENDIX I.



THE PHARMACOPCEIAL VEGETABLE DRUGS ARRANGED
ACCORDING TO THEIR NATURAL ORDERS.



NAT. ORDER.


NAME OP PLANT.


PART OF PLANT.


NAME OF DRUG.


Ranunculaceae

Magnoliaceae
Menispermaceae ...

Berberideae


Aconitum Napellus
Anemone Pulsatilla
" pratensis
Delphinium Staphisagria
Cimicifuga racemosa
Hydrastis canadensis
lllicium verum
Jateorrhiza palmata
Chondodendron tomentosum
Menispermum canadense

Anamirta paniculata


Tuber
Herb

Seed
Rhizomeand roots

Fruit
Root

Rhizome and
roots
Neutral principle
from seed


Aconite.
Pulsatilla.

Stavesacre.
Cimicifuga.
Hydrastis.
Star-anise.
Calumba.
Pareira.
Canadian Moon-
seed.
Picrotoxin.

Blue Cohosh.


Papaveraceae
Cruciferse


Podophyllum peltatum
Papaver somniferum

Chelidonium majus
Sanguinaria canadensis


roots
Rhizome and
roots
Exudation from
capsules
Plant
Rhizome
Seed


May apple.
Opium.

Celandine.
Bloodroot.
White mustard.


Polygaleas


" nigra


Root


Black mustard.
Senega.


Guttiferae


Krameria triandra
" Ixina




Rhatany.


Ternstrcemiaceae...


Thea sinensis


Proximateprinci-
ple from leaves


Caffeine.
Purified Cotton.


Sterculiaceae


Althaea officinalis
Theobroma Cacao


Bark of root
Oil from seed
Root
Oil from seed


Cotton root bark.
Cotton seed oil.
Marshmallow.
Oil of theobroma.


Zygophylleac
Geraniaceae


Erythroxylon Coca
Guaiacum officinale

" sanctum
Geranium maculatum


Leaves
Heart wood
Resin
Wood
Rhizome
Bark


Coca.
Guaiacum wood.
Guaiac.
Guaiacum wood.
Cranesbill.




" Clava-Herculis
Citrus vulgaris
" Aurantium
" Limonum

" Bergamia

Barosma betulina
" crenulata
Pilocarpus Selloanus
" Jaborandi


Rind of fruit

Juice "
Oil from rind of
fruit
Leaves

Leaflets
Wood


Bitter orange peel.
Sweet " "
Lemon peel.
" juice.
Oil of bergamot.

Buchu
Jaborandi.


Burse raceae
Celastrinea:
Rhamnex


Commiphora Myrrha
Euonymus atropurpureus


Gum-resin
Bark of rojt
Bark


Myrrh.
Euonymus.




" Purshiana.




CascaraSagrada.



(713)



714



APPENDIX.



NAT. ORDER.


NAMB OP PLANT.


PART OF PLANT.


NAME OF DRUG.


Vitaceac


Vitis Vinifera


From juice of fruit


White Wine.








Red


Sapindacez


Paullinia Cupana


Seeds


Guarana.


Anacardieae


Pistacia Lentiscus.


Resinous exuda-


Mastic.






tion






Rhus glabra


Fruit


Rhus glabra.




" radicans


Leaves


Poison Ivy.


Legu minosae.


Astragalus gummifer


Gummy exuda-


Tragacanth.






tion






Acacia Senegal


Gum from stem


Gum Arabic.




Glycyrrhiza glabra and var.


Root


Liquorice.




glandulifera








Cystisus Scoparius


Tops


Broom.




Pterocarpus santalinus


Wood


Red Saunders.




' Marsupium.
Toluifera Pereirae


Inspissated juice
Balsam


Kino.
Balsam of Peru.




" Balsamum





Balsam of Tolu.




Physostigma venenosum


Seed


Calabar bean.




Andira Araroba


Neutral principle


Chrysarobin.




Cassia acutifolia


Leaflets


Senna.




" angustifolia


"


"




" Fistula


Fruit


Purging Cassia.




Hzmatoxylon campechianum


Wood


Logwood.




Tamarindus indica


Pulp of fruit


Tamarind.




Acacia Catechu


Extract from


Catechu.






wood






Copaiba Langsdorffii


Oleoresin


Copaiba.


Rosaceae


Rosa gallica


Petals


Red rose.




" centifolia




Pale "




" damascena


Oil from flowers


Oil of rose.




Kubus villosus


Bark of root


Blackberry.




" canadensis


ii ii


"




" trivialis


ii ii


"




" idaeus


Fruit


Raspberry.




Prunus Amygdalus v ar.dulcis


Seed


Sweet almond.




" " " amara


"


Bitter "




Hagenia abyssinia


Female inflores-


Kousso.






cence






Prunus domestica


Fruit


Prune.




" serotina


Bark


Wild Cherry.




Quillaja Saponaria


"


Soap bark.


Hamamelaceae


Liquidambar orientals


Balsam from bark


Storax.




Hamamelis virginiana


Leaves


Hamamelis.


Myrtaccac


Eugenia aromatica


Unexpanded flow-


Cloves.






ers






Myrcia acris


Oil from leaves


Oil of Bay.




Pimenta officinalis


Fruit


Allspice.




Melaleuca Leucadendron


Oil from leaves


Oil of Cajuput.




Eucalyptus globulus


Leaves


Eucalyptus.




" oleosa


Oil from leaves


Oil of Eucalyptus.


Lythrarieae


Punica Granatum


Bark of stem and


Pomegranate.






root




Cucurbitacez


Citrullus Colocynthis


Fruit


Colocynth.




Bryonia alba


Root


Bryonia.




" dioica


K


41




Cucurbita Pepo


Seed


Pumpkin seed.


Umbelliferse


Ecballium Elaterium
Conium maculatum


juice of Fruit
Fruit


Elaterium.
Hemlock.




Pimpinella Anisum




Anise.




Carum Ajowan


Phenol from oil


Thymol.




Ferula foetida


Gum-resin from


Asafetida.






root






Ferula Sumbul


Root


Sumbul.




Dorema Ammoniacum


Gum-resin


Ammoniac.




Coriandrum sativum


Fruit


Coriander.




Foeniculum capillaceum





Fennel.




Carum Carvi


"


Caraway.



APPENDIX.



715











NAT. ORDER.








Caprifoliaceae


Sambucus canadensis


Flowers


Elder.




Viburnum prunifolium


Bark


Black Haw.




". Opulus


"


Cramp Bark.




Coflfea arabica


Proximate princi-


Caffeine.






ple from seeds






Cinchona officinalis


Bark


Cinchona bark.




" Calisaya


"


i ii




" succirubra


"


Red cinchona.




Cephaelis Ipecacuanha


Root


Ipecac.


Valerianeae


Valeriana officinalis


Rhizome and


Valerian.






roots




Compositae .........


Anacyclus Pyrethrum


Root


Pellitory.




Eupatorium perfoliatum


Leaves and flow-


Thoroughwort.






ering tops






Artemisia pauciflora


Flower-heads


Santonica.




Calendula officinalis


Florets


Marigold.




Anthemis nobilis


Flower-heads


Chamomile.




Grindelia robusta


Leaves and flow-


Grindelia.






ering tops






" squarrosa


Leaves and flow-


11






ering tops






Matricaria Chamomilla


Flower-heads


German Chamo-








mile.




Tanacetum vulgare


Leaves and tops


Tansy.




Artemisia Absinthium


ii ii


Wormwood.




Taraxacum officinale


Root


Dandelion.




Inula Helenium





Elecampane.




Arnica montana


Flower-heads


Arnica flowers.




"


Rhizome and


" root.






roots






Lactuca virosa


Milk juice


Lactucarium.




Erigeron canadense


Oil from herb


Oil of Fleabane.




Arctium Lappa


Root


Burdock.


Lobeliaceae


Lobelia inflata


Leaves and tops


Lobelia.


Ericaceae


Arctostaphylos Uva ursi


Leaves


Uva ursi.




Chimaphila umbellata




Pipsissewa.




Gaultheria procumbens


Oil from leaves


Oil of wintergreen.


Styraceae


Styrax Benzoin


Balsamic Resin


Benzoin.


Oleaceae


Olea europaea


Oil from fruit


Olive oil.




Fraxinus Ornus


Exudation


Manna.


Apocynaceae


Apocynum cannabinum


Root


Canadian Hemp.




Aspidosperma Quebracho-


Bark


Quebracho.




bianco








Strophanthus hispidus


Seed


Strophanthus.


Asclepiadeae


Asclepias tuberosa


Root


Pleurisy Root.


Loganiaceae


Strychnos Nux-vomica


Seed


Nux vomica.




Spigelia marilandica


Rhizome * roots


Pink root.




Gelsemium sempervirens


ii ii


Gelsemium.


Gentianeae


Gentiana lutea


Root


Gentian.




Swertia Chirata


Plant


Chirata.


Hydrophyllacex...


Eriodictyon glutinosum


Leaves


Eriodictyon.


Convolvulaceae


Convolvulus Scammonia


Resinous exuda-


Scammony.






tion




Solanaceae


Ipomoea Jalapa
Capsicum fastigiatum


Tuberous root
Fruit


Jalap.
Capsicum.




Atropa Belladonna


Root and leaves


Belladonna.




Datura Stramonium


Seed and leaves


Stramonium.




Hyoscyamus niger


Leaves and flow-


Henbane.






ering tops






Solanum Dulcamara


Branches


Bittersweet.




Nicotiana Tabacum


Leaves


Tobacco.


Scrophularincae


Digitalis purpurea


11


Digitalis




Veronica virginica


Rhizome and


Culver's Root.






roots




Pedalaceae


Sesamum indicum


Oil from seed


Benne oil.


Labiatae


Rosmarinus officinalis


Oil from leaves


Oil of rosemary.




Salvia officinalis


Leaves


Sage.



716



APPENDIX.



NAT. ORDER.


NAME OP PLANT.


PART OP PLANT.


NAME OP DRUG.


Labiatae


Scutellaria lateriflora


Herb


Scullcap.




Lavandula officinalis


Oil of flowers


Oil of lavender.




Hedeoma pulegioides


Leaves and tops


Pennyroyal.




Mentha piperita


ii ii


Peppermint.




" viridis


u u


Spearmint.




" arvensis


Stereopten


Menthol.




" canadensis


"







Melissa officinalis


Leaves and tops


Balm.




Monarda punctata


Phenol from oil


Thymol.




Thymus vulgaris


u ii


"




i ii


Oil from leaves and


Oil of thyme.






flowering tops






Matrubium vulgare


Leaves and tops


Horehound.


Chenopodiaceae.....


Chenopodium ambrosioides


Fruit


American Worm-




var. anthelminticum




seed.




Beta vulgaris


From cane


Sugar.


Phy tolaccaceac


Phytolacca decandra


Root


Poke Root.




ii ii


Fruit


" Berry.


Polygonaceae


Rheum officinale


Root


Rhubarb.




Rumex cnspus


'


Yellow Dock.


Aristolochiaceae ...


Aristolochia Serpentaria


Rhizome and roots


Serpentaria.




" reticulata


ii ii


"


Piperaceae


Piper nigrum


Fruit


Black pepper.




Piper Cubeba




,~,,j~...
Cubeb.




Piper angustifolium


Leaves


Matico.


Myristicaceae


Myristica fragrans


Seed


Nutmeg.




it ii


Arillade of seed


Mace.


Laurineae.


Cinnamomum sp. indtter.


Bark of shoots


Chinese Cinnamon






Bark


Saigon "




zeylanicum


Bark of shoots


Ceylon "




Camphora


Stearopten


Camphor.




Sassafras variifolium


Bark of root


Sassafras.




ii


Pith


Pith


Thymelaeacrae


Daphne Mezereum


Bark


Mezereum.


Santalaceae


Santalum album


Oil from wood


Oil of Santal.


E u phorbiaceae


Croton Eleuteria


Bark


Cascarilla.




" Tiglium


Oil from seed


Croton oil.




Ricinus communis


ii ii


Castor oil.




Hevea jr/. indeter.


Milk-juice


India rubber.




Stillingia sylvatica
Mallotus philippinensis


Root
Glands and hairs


Queen's root.
Kamala.






from capsules




Urticacese


Humulus Lupulus


Strobiles


Hops.




Ficus Carica


Fleshy receptacle


Fig.




Ulmus fulva


Inner bark


Slippery Elm.




Cannabis sativa


Flowering tops


Indian cannabis.


Juglandaceae


Juglans cinerea


Bark of root


Butternut.


Cupuliferae


Quercus alba


Bark


White oak.




" lusitanica


Parasitic excres-


Nutgall.






cences






Castanea dentata


Leaves


Chestnut.




Fagus sylvatica


Wood-tar


Creosote.


Betulacez


Betula lenta


Oil from bark


Volatile oil of








Betula.


Salicaceae


Salix if. indet.


Neutral principle


Salicin.




Populus j/. indet.






Coniferx .....


Abies balsamea


Oleoresin from


Canada balsam.






bark






Abies excelsa


Resinous exuda-


Burgundy pitch.






tion






Pinus palustris


Oleoresin from


Tar.






wood






ii ii


Oleoresin


Turpentine.




Juniperus communis


Oil from fruit


Oil of juniper.




Sabina


Tops


Savine.




" Oxycedrus


Distillation of


Oil of cade.






wood





APPENDIX.



NAT. ORDER.


NAME OF PLANT.


PART OF PLANT.


NAME OF DRUG.


Orchideae


Cypripedium pubescens


Rhizome * roots


Ladies' slipper.


Scitamineae


parviflorum
Vanilla planifolia
Elettaria repens


Fruit


Vanilla.
Cardamom.


Irideae


Zingiber officinale


Rhizome
Stigmas


Ginger.
Saffron.


Liliaceae


Iris versicolor
Allium sativum


Rhizome * roots
Bulb


Blueflag.
Garlic.




Colchicum autumnale
Convallaria majalis

Smilax officinalis
" medica
" papyracea
Asagraea officinalis

Veratrum viride

Urginea maritima
Aloe Perryi
" vera


Corm
Seed
Rhizome and
roots
Root

Alkaloids from
seed
Rhizome and
roots
Bulb
Juice of leaves


Colchicum root,
seed.
Convallaria.

Sarsaparilla.

Vera trine.
Veratrum Viride.

Squill.
Socatrine Aloes.
Barbadoes "










Lycopodiaceae
Filices


Zea Mays

Hordeum distichum

Saccharum omcinarum
Lycopodium clavatum


Styles and stig-
mas
Fecula of seed
Seed
From cane
Spores


Corn-silk.

Starch.
Pearl barley.
Sugar.
Lycopodium.


Fungi


" marginalis




Ergot.


Lichenes




Thallus




Algae




Plant






Gigartina mamillosa







APPENDIX II.



[THE PHARMACOPCEIAL ANIMAL DRUGS ARRANGED
ACCORDING TO THEIR NATURAL ORDERS.



VERTEBRATA.


CLASS.


NAT. ORDER.


NAME OP ANIMAL.


PART OP ANIMAL. NAME OP DRUG


MAMMALIA


Ruminantia


Moschus moscbiferus


Dried secretion from
preputial follicles


Musk.






Ovis Aries


Internal fat of abdo-


Suet.








men










Purified fat of wool


Hydrous woo
fat.






Bos Taurus


Sugar from whey of
cow's milk


Sugar of milk.








Fresh bile


Ox Gall.








Organic acid from
tallow


Stearic Acid.




Pachydermata


Sus scrofa


Internal fat of the
abdomen


Lard.








Ferment from glan-
dular layer of
stomach


Pepsin.






V


Enzymes from pan-
creas


Pancreatin.




Cetacca


Physeter macrocephalus


Fatty substance


Spermaceti.


AVES


Gallinse


Callus Bankiva,
var. domestica


From the egg


Yolk of Egg.


PISCES


Sturiones


Ascipenser Huso


Swimming bladder


Isinglass.




Teleoslia


Gadus Morrhua


Oil from fresh liver


Cod Liver Oil.


INVERTEBRATA.


INSECT A


Hymenoptera


Apis mellifica


Secretion from the
honeycomb


Honey.








Concrete substance


Yellow Wax.




Hemiptera


Coccus cacti


Dried female insect


Cochineal.




Coleoptera


Cantharis vesicatoria


The insect


Cantharides.J



(718)



APPENDIX III.



A LIST OF LATIN PHRASES COMMONLY USED IN
THE WRITING OF PRESCRIPTIONS.



u.


Ana


of each.


Ad.


Adde


add.


[Adhib.


Adhibendus


to be administered.


Admov.


Admove


apply-


Ad lib.
Ad sat.


Ad libitum
Ad saturandum


to the desired amount.]
to saturation.


Ad us.


Ad usum


according to custom.


JEq.


jBcnlH


equal.


[Agit.


Agitetur


let it be shaken.


Alt. hor.


Alternis horis


every other hour.


Ampul.


Ampulla


a large bottle.]


Aq.


Aqua


water.


Aq. bull.


Aqua bulliens


boiling water.


Aq. dest.


Aqua destillata


distilled water.


[Aq. ferv.


Aqua fervens


hot water.


Aq. fluv.


Aqua fluviatilis


river water.


Aq. font.


Aqua fontis


spring water.


Aq. pluv.


Aqua pluvialis


rain water.


Bene


Bene


well.]


Bib.


Bibe


drink.


Bis ind.


Bis in dies


twice a day.


Bis in 7 d.


Bis in septem diebus


twice a week.


[Bol.


Bolus


a large pill.


Bull.


Bulliat


let it boil.]


C.


Cum


with.


Calef.


Calefactus


warmed.


Cap.


Capiat


let him take.


[Cap.


Capsula


a capsule.


Chart.


Cbarta


a paper.


Chartul.


Chartula


a small paper.


Cib.


Cibus


food.


Cito disp.


Cito dispensetur


let it be dispensed quickly.]


C. m.


Cras mane


to-morrow morning


C. m. s.
C. n.


Cras mane sumendus
Cras nocte


to be taken to-morrow morning;
to-morrow night.


Cochl.


Cochleare


a spoonful.


Cochl. ampl.


Cochleare ampluni


a table-spoonful.


Cocbl. infant.


Cochleare infantis


a teaspoonful.


Cochl. mag.


Cochleare magnum


a table-spoonful.


Cochl. mod.


Cochleare modicum


a dessert-spoonful.


Cochl. parv.


Cochleare parvum


a teaspoonful.


[Col.


Cola


strain.


Collun.


Collunarium


a nasal wash.


Collut.


Collutorium


a mouth wash.


Collyr.


Collyrium


an eye wash.


Cont.


Contere


rub together.]


Contin.


Continueter


let it be continued.


Cras.


Cras


to-morrow.


Cuj.


Cuj us


of which.


C. v.


Cras vespere


to-morrow evening.


Cyatb.


Cyathus


a glassful.


Cyath. vinos.


Cyathus vinosus


a wine glassful.


ID. d.


Da


give.


D.


Dosis


a dose.


Deaur.
Dec,


Deaurentur
Decanta


let (the pills) be gilded,
decant.]






(719)



720



APPENDIX.



D. d. In d.


De die in diem


from day to day.


Del.


Detur


let it be given.


Dieb. alt.


Diebus alternis


on alternate days.


Dim.


Dimidius


one-half.


Div.


Divide


divide.


D. in p. as.


Divide in parts aequales


divide into equal parti*.


Exhib.


Exhibiatur


let it be gi yen.


F. or ft.


Fiat


let it be made.


F. h.


Fiat haustus


make a draught.


F. m.


Fiat mistura


make a mixture.


F. pil.


Fiat pilula


make a pill.


[Form.


Formula


a prescription.


F s.a.


Fac secundum artem


make according to art.


Garg.
Gtt.


Gargarysma
Gutta or guttae


a gargle.]
drop or drops.


Habt.


Habeat


let him have.


[Hor. decub.


Hora decubitus


at bedtime.


Hor. intermed.


Horis intermediis


at intermediate hours.


H. s.


Hora somni


at bedtime.


111.


lllico


immediately.


Imp.
Jnd.


Impone
Indies


apply.]
daily.


[Instar


Instar


the size of.


Involv. gelat.


Involve gelatine


coat with gelatin.]


Lat. dol.


Lateri dolenti


to the painful side.


FLen.


Lenilur


easily.


Len. ter.


Lenitur terendo


by rubbing gently.


Mane


Mane


in the morning.


Mane primo


Mane primo


early in the morning.


Mic. pan.


Mica panis


bread crumb.]


Mil.


Mitte


send.


[Mode diet.


Mode dictu


in the manner directed.]


Mod. praescript
(Non repetat.


Modo praescripto
Non repetatur


in the manner prescribed.
let it not be repeated.]


O. m.


Omni mane


every morning.


Omn. bih.


Omni bihora


every two hours.


Omn. hor.


Omni hora


every hour.


O. n.


Omni nocte


every night.


P. or pt.


Perstetur


continue.


Part. aeq.


Partes aequales


equal parts.


[Penicil. cam.
Pil.


Penicillum camelinum
Pilula


a camel's hair pencil,
a pill.]


P. r. n.


Pro re nata


when required.


[Q. hor.


Quaqua hora
Quantum libet


every hour.]
as much as is requisite.


O. s.


Quantum sufficit


a sufficient quantity.


Q. v.


Quantum volueris


at will.


R.


Recipe


take.


[Red. in pulv.
Rep.


Redactus in pulverem
Repetatur


reduced to powder.]
let it be repeated.



Online LibraryWilliam Hale-WhiteMateria medica, pharmacy, pharmacology and therapeutics → online text (page 63 of 67)