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and that that was the reall cause of the Warr between us,
And the injury to us was the greater because the Susquesahan-
noughs by the Articles of Peace between us were Obliged to
give us twenty dayes warning of their intentions to Warr if p. 121
at any time they grew weary of the peace with us, which they
notwithstanding in an Open hostile manner with the major
part of their force and Some (if not all) of their great men
present assaulted the house of Randall Hanson standing
within three miles of their ffort and there continued in fig-ht



152 Proceedmgs of the Council of Maryland, 1676-1678.

Lib. R. R. One whole day after all which they had the confidence to
endeavour to perswade Us it was the Cinnigoes that com-
mitted the Outrage.

5. In the Articles of peace with the said Cinnigoes & Sus-
quesahannoughs (if yett the last be in a Capacity to treate
by themselves) you must include the Pascattaway Indians by
name and all other o' Lowland Indians in Amity with us in
Generall termes, because the publique ffaith is given to the
Pascattoways that Wee will include them in Our peace with
the Northerne Indians, And Wee are never Safe from the north-
erne Indians as long as they have any pretence of Warr with
Our ffreind Indians nor from Our neighbour Indians as long
as they can have any Colour of a Warr to hide their Owne
faults and lay it upon their Enemyes.

6. Since this last instruction may prove the hardest part of
your negotiation, and that the Northerne Indians may perhaps
be unwilling to condescend to it from some injuryes done by
Our neighbours to them unknowne to us, you are (in case
they stick much at that Article) to enquire of the true causes
of their quarrell, and to make the Cinnigoes and other Indians
Satisfaction in the name of the Pascattaways, though Wee Our
Selves be at the Charge of it, so to setle Our Owne Peace,
nothing being so prejudicial! to us as a Warr, nothing more
to the decreaseing of his Ma''^' Customes then such distruc-
tions as take the people from planting.

7 ffor the Rest of the Articles of the Peace they must be
left most to your Owne discretion depending upon the inior-
mation you shall receive in y"" voyage of the State of Affairs.
If you find they aime at a Trade with us you must informe
your selfe of what Articles are made by Coll Andross and by
them fitt Others for Our Turne & way of tradeing, if no
trade be aimed at there will be little more to incert but the
common termes of inviolable peace & amity between them
the Lord Proprietary of this Province and all his Ma"" Sub-
jects in these parts aswell in Virginia, as in Maryland, for if
Wee include not them Wee shall Suffer as much in their
passage through Our Country as in Our Reputation for have-
ing abandoned Our Brethren and fellow Subjects.

8. You are to informe y' Selfe what presents are usually
made by the Governour of New Yorke to the Indians in like
Occasions, and to make the like in the name of his Lordshipp,
as also to make a present of One hundred pounds Sterling to
the Governour of New Yorke as a token of his L°pp' thankful-
nesse for his care and Kindnesse Shewne to this Province,
p. 122 9. You are to apply y' selfe to M' Jacob Leslier or any
other for such monyes, Wampom, ffurrs or Truck you shall
stand in need off which shall be paid him by the publick next
Levy.



Gentl of the Quor.



Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1 676-1 678. i 53

10. When you have fully informed your selfe of the State Lib. k. k,
of affairs where you are dcsij:i^ned, and of the manner of
treateing with the Indians if you shall find the aforegoein^
instructions deficient in any [joint which may be necessary for
you in the execution of your Comission, you are there to use
the utmost of your Care & endeavour to Act as may be most
for the Service of his Lordshipp and the good and Safety of
this Province accordinj:^ to the best of your judgment & dis-
cretion to which in such cases I wholly referr you.

Given at S' Maries under his L"'"'" lesser Seale at Armes
this thirtith day of April in the second yeare of his L"''**
Dominion Annoq Dom. 1677.

April! the 30'^ 1677.

Comission for the peace in S'Maryes County then issued to
John Jourdaine ^
W" Boarman
John Coode
W"' Rosewell
W"" Hatton
Richard Loyd
Tho: Gerard
Joseph Pile

Joshua Doyne \ Gentl Justices
Clement Hill
Walter Hall
James Bowling
Richard Gardner

Dedimus potestat. to John Jourdaine & W™ Boareman

Att a Council held att S' Mayes the 24"" day of June Annoq
Dom. 1677

Present

Thomas Notley Esq' Liev' Gen" & chiefe Govern""

r Philip Calvert Esq"^ Chanced "|

Ti VT bie I W"" Calvert Esq"^ Principall Se'^'y !

Ihe Hon -| g^j^^^ Brooke Esq' Survey' Gen" f

1^ Major Benj'' Rozer J

Whereas the Governour & Councell are informed that
there are severall persons that are seated within this Province
on the Seaboard side & doe pretend to be under the Gov-
ermn' of New Yorke Itt is therefore ordered that a speciall
Warrant be granted to M' W"" Stevens for eight thousand
acres of land to be proportioned out by him for the encour-
agem' of such as will seat thence on the said Sea board
side, & that such persons as seat there shall have Seven



154 Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, id"] (i-id']'^.

Lib. R. R. yeares liberty to make good rights for the said land, paying to
his Lordpp only the Rent of two shillings sterl yearely for
every hundred acres And further itt is Ordered That those
that seat nearest the Hoarkills shall have out of the said
Eight thousand acres One thousand acres of land for a
ffamily, haveing in itt three working hands att the least And
p. 123 the rest of the Eight thousand acres to be proportioned out
att five hundred acres each ffamily haveing in itt two worke-
ing hands att the least Provided such as intend to seat thence
shall settle betwixt this tyme & the last of Novemb"" next &
there build & not desert their Plantacons And itt is further
ordered, that att the returne of Col Henry Coursey from New
Yorke a letter be sent to the Governour of New Yorke to
know whether those persons who have Incroached upon his
Lordpp^ Province doe own him for their Governour, that there
may be a right understanding betwixt the two Govermn'^

By the Lievten* Gen"
p. 125 A Proclamacon

Taking into serious consideracon the great & notorious
abuses & profanations of the Sabbath day by unlawfull
Assemblyes of divers the Inhabitants of this Province on that
day meeting together to drinke tipple & game to the great
dishonour of Almighty God the discredit of Christianity
debauch of youth, the encrease & Encouragm' of all vice &
oftentymes tending to the breach of his Lord^^ peace to the
disturbance of other well disposed Inhabitants, For p''vencon
whereof for the future I doe hereby (by & with the advice &
consent of his Lord^^ Councell) strictly charge & comand all
& singuler his LordP' Justices of the peace Sheriffes Con-
stables & other publick Ministers within this Province to take
p. 126 due Cognizance of the same within their severall & respective
p'cincts And that to the utmost of their power they proceed to
put in due Execucon the Lawes made against such abuses
and profanation of the Sabbath day as aforesaid, strictly will-
ing & requiring all Constables according to their Office att
every County Court in the County where they live to make
due p'sentm' of all & every the Offenders in such cases As
also of all unlawful! meetings & Assemblyes of people mett
together on purpose to drink tipple & debauch as well on any
other the week dayes as on the Sabbath day And the Justices
of the peace of each respective County are also hereby
required to make strict Inquisicon into all suchOffencescomitted
or done in the Countyes where they reside. And to binde
over all & every the person & persons so offending to the
good behaviour & to make his or their appearance att the



Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1 676- 1678. 155

next Provinciall Court after the fact comitted And I doc also f.ib. k. k.
hereby (by & with the advice & consent aforesaid) strictly
prohibitt& forbid all housekeepers masters of ffamilyes dames
Overseers & others in any wise to entertaine or suffer any
such meetings or unlawfull Assemblyes as aforesaid att their
houses on the Sabbath day or any other dayes in the week of
which the Justices Sheriffes Constables & other j^ublick Min-
isters of each respective County are also to take due Cogni-
zance as aforesaid, & to take care that all & singuler the
Offenders herein be bound to the good behaviour giveing
good security for the same & for their appearance att the
next Provinciall Court after such offence committed Given
att the Citty of S' Maryes under the great Seale of this Prov-
ince this second day of Octob' in the second yeare of the
dominion of the right Hon'"'" Charles &c over this Province
Annoq Dom. 1677.

By the Lievten' Gen"
A Proclamacon

Whereas severall Complaints to me have been made by
severall his LordP'good people Inhabitants of this Province of
the grand & notorious abuses they have & doe daily receive
in their stocks of hoggs horses & Cattle by rangers hunting
in the woods without Lycence & driving away their stocks
into places remote from their owne usuall & accustomed p- '27
rang to their great losse and damages, for p'vencon of which
great absurdityes for the future I doe hereby by & with the
advice & consent of his Lord^* Councell strictly prohibitt &
forbid all & all manner of persons whatsoever to range or
hunt for wilde Cattle, horses, hoggs, in his Lord'P' forrest or
elsewhere within the Province, except itt be upon his or their
own proper land without a lycence first had & obtained from
my selfe or other person or persons lawfully authorized &
impowered to grant the same, he or they obtaining such
Lycence giveing good & sufficient security that he or they
shall not any wayes injure or offer any violence to or in any
wise damnific any of his Lord^^ good people the Inhabit^ of
this Province in their stocks of horses Cattle or hoggs, & that
he or they haveing obtained such lycence shall not by vertue
thereof p'sume to hunt in any neck or else whereof upon any
mans land without leave or lyberty so to doe first had &
obtained from the person or persons liveing upon the same or
to whom the said land of right belongeth And I doe hereby
by & with the advice & consent aforesaid further strictly
charge & comand all & singuler his Lord^' Justices of the
peace within this Province & other publick ministers of the



156 Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1 676-1 678.

Lib. R. R, same to take due Cognizance of the same And that all per-
sons whatsoever within the severall respective Countyes &
p'cincts that shall offend therein or act contrary to the true
intent & meaning hereof they binde to their good behaviour
causeing him or them so offending to give good security for
the same & for his or their appearance att the next Provinciall
Court to be holden for this Province after such offence done
& comitted Given att the Citty of S' Maryes under the
• greater Seale of this Province the second day of October in
the second yeare of the dominion of the right Hon*"^ Charles
&c over this Province Annoq Dom. 1677.



By the Liev' Gen"
A Proclamacon.

Whereas att the laying of the publick Levy of this Province
for these two yeares last past, itt hath been the custome &
practice of severall the Sheriffes w'^'in this Province to bring
in rebatem" for severall persons returned in their lists of
Titheables alleadging that they are runaway or dyed insolvent
which is thought to happen meerly through the remisnes &
negligence of the Sheriffes themselves not takeing care to
secure or collect the same in due tyme, p'^sumeing that they
shall be allowed for the same in the publick levy. For
p. 125 p'vencon whereof for the future & to the end that the Sher-
iffes may be the more circumspect & diligent in the Execucon
of their Office for the tyme to come I doe hereby (by & with
the advice & consent of his Lord^^ Councell) charge & comand
all & singuler the Justices of each respective County to per-
fect the gen" lists of all the Titheables within their respective
Countyes before such tyme as they shall transmit! the same
to the Governo"" Councell & Delegates att the laying the
publick Levy, exempting no persons therein from paying
Levyes, except only such as are bona fide under the age of
sixteen yeares & poor indigent persons that have no visible
Estates not able to worke or otherwise uncapable to pay the
Thos: same And I doe hereby (by & with the advice & con-
Notiey sent aforesaid) further publish & declare that every list
so returned as aforesaid shall stand for good & shall in no
wise be altered corrected or amended neither shall any Sher-
iffs or other person whatsoever be allowed for any persons in
their County runaway or otherwise contrary to the said List
after the same shall be returned as aforesaid from the Justices
of their respective County Given att the Citty of S' Maryes
under the great Seale of this Province this second day of
Octob' in the second yeare of the dominion of the right Hon^'^
Charles &c over this Province Annoq Dom. 1677.



Proceedings of the Cou ncil of Ma ryla nd, 1676-1678. 157

liy the Licv' ^^en" Lib r. k-

A Proclamacon

Whereas by the meanes care & endeavour of the Hon''''
Col Henry Coursey by me in behalfe of the right Hon''"'
Charles Lord & Proi/y of this Province thereunto authorized
appointed & coniissionated under the j^reat Sealeof this Prov-
ince, there is a peace lately had made & concluded on att
ffort Albany within his royall Hij^linesses Territoryes of New
Yorke between his Ma"' " Subjects of this Province under the v- '^^
dominion of the right Hon'''" Charles &c aforementioned, his
Ma"" Subjects of Virginia & the severall nations of Indians
hereafter nominated (to say) the Sinnondowannes, Onjonges,
Onondages, Oneydes Maques & Mattawax or Delaware
Indians To the end therefore that the same may be effectuall
firm solemn & of long continuance, & that all his Ma'''Moving
Subjects both of this Province & of the Colony of Virginia
may reap the good & benifitt thereof I doe hereby (by & with
the advice & consent of his Lord^' Councell) will & require as
also strictly charge & coiriand all & singuler his Lordf*
Officers civill & military within this Province & others the
good people of the same to take due Cognizance ol such
peace made & concluded on as aforesaid That from hence
forward they offer no violence or injury or use any act of hos-
tility ag' the said Nations of Indians or any of them, but that
att all tymes & upon all occasions they maintaine & keep a
friendly & neighbourly correspondency with all & every the
said nations of Indians & treat them civily & courteously as
friends & Neighbours giveing them no just occasion of offence
whereby a breach may ensue Given att S' Maryes under the
great Scale of this Province the fifth day of Octob' in the
second yeare of the dominion of his said Lord^p Charles &c
over this Province Annoq Domi. 1677.



[Power to Governor.] p. 127

Charles absolute Lord & Prop'^ of the Provinces of Mary-
land & Avalon Lord Baltemore &c To our right trusty &
right welbeloved Councelour Thomas Notley Esq'' our Liev-
tenant Gen" & chiefe Governour of our said Province of
Maryland greeting Whereas the severall exigencyes of our
affaires are such that we finde itt wholy impossible for us to
returne into our said Province of Maryland so as to be per-
sonally Present there att the tyme to which w-e have prorogued p- '-S
our p'sent Gen" Assembly of that Province And itt is not easy
for us att this great distance to make any well grounded
Judgm' whether the necessityes of our said Province may or



158 Proceedings of the Council of Maryland^ 1 676-1 678.

Lib. R. R. may not require the actuall sitting of our said Gen" Assembly
att the precise tyme unto which they were so prorogued wee
have resolved wholy to remitt the determinacon of that
important affaire unto you in whose fidelity care prudence &
good conduct we finde our selves to have all imaginable
reason to confide Wherefore we doe hereby give & grant
unto you our said Liev' gen" & chiefe Governour full power
& absolute authority for us & in our name either by our
Proclamacon to be by yo"" order for that purpose by authority
of these p'^sents issued forth in due tyme to prorogue our said
Gen" Assembly to such further day & tyme as you shall judge
convenient without giveing them the trouble to meet att the
tyme to which the same att p'sent stands Prorogued, or else to
permitt our said Gen" Assembly to meet att the tyme to which
the same att p'sent stands Prorogued, & then in our name to
Prorogue the same to such farther day as you in yo^ discretion
shall thinke fitting without makeing any session att such their
meeting or lastly to permitt our said Gen" Assembly to meet
& sitt att the tyme to which the same att p'sent stands Pro-
rogued, & then either by makeing a Session or without make-
ing a Session to to Prorogue the same in our name to such
farther day & tyme & from tyme to tyme as you in yo"^ discre-
tion shall judge most conducing to our service & the good &
benifitt of our said Province And in case itt shall happen that
you our said Liev' shall thinke itt fitting to permitt our said
Gen" Assembly to sitt att any tyme or tymes in our absence so
as to make one or more session or sessions by passing of any Act
or Acts in our absence Wee doe hereby farther give & grant
p. 129 unto you full power & authority for us & in our name to give
our assent unto any such Act or Acts as you in yo"^ discretion
shall thinke fitting to passe into Lawes in such manner as to
passe the same into Lawes & to make the same have the force
of Lawes within our said Province untill we our heyres or
Successors shall publish our or their disassent unto the same
Given under our hand & our lesser Seale att Armes the Eighth
day of November in the second yeare of our Dominion over
our said Province And in the yeare of our Lord Christ 1677

Ch: Baltemore

The Sup'scription of the aforegoing Com''°° was thus
written

To our right trusty & right welbeloved Councelour Thomas
Notley Esq"^ our Liev' Gen" & chiefe Governour of our Prov-
ince of Maryland in Maryland



Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1 676-1 678. 159

Maryland b8. 13y the Licv' Gen" I-ib. K. K,

A Proclamacon ■'■ '''^

Whereas the severall Clerkes of the respective Countyes
within this Province have formerly bin very nei^lij/ent in their
severall Offices, by omitting (contrary to tiie duty of tiieir
places & the Lawes of this Province) to transmitt into the
Secretaryes Office all such Alienacon of lands as are entred
upon Record on the Severall County Court bookes, not only
to the great damage & prejudice of his Lord"'' the Lf)rd
Prop''' of this Province in his rents & ffines for Alienacon, but
also to the great confusion in the Rent Rolls of the respective
Countyes, so that his Lord''' cannot many tymes come to the
knowledge of the tenants by which meanes in tyme itt may
worke a greater mischief if previous remedy be not applyed
These are therefore (by & with the advice consent & appro-
bacon of his Lord'''" Councell) to will require & cofnand the
respective Justices of peace in each respective County imedi-
atly after the publicacon hereof, that they order the Clerkes p. 148
of their respective Countyes fairly to transcribe from the
Record booke an Extract of all such Alienacons of land as
have att any tyme heretofore been entred upon the Record
booke of the County & as yett not transcribed & remitted to
to the Secretaryes Office And the same Alienacons so tran-
scribed & extracted to transmitt into the Secrys Office of this
Province by the first day of July next ensueing the date of
this Proclamacon To the end that the Secry of this Province
& his LordP''^ Receivers gen" may make out a compleat rent
roll for each County And every Clerke that shall refuse to
transcribe & transmitt such Extract of the Alienacons as
aforesaid after notice or comand given him by the Justices of
the County shall not only loose his Clerkeshipp of the County
where he officiates, but shall likewise be lyable to all such pen-
altyes & fines as the Lawes of this Province in case of such
neglects have provided And the Justices of each respective
County or any three or more of them are hereby (by & with
the advice & consent aforesaid) willed & required to make
strict Inquisicon whether the Clerkes of their respective
Countyes have (according to the tenor of a certaine Act of
Assembly made the last Sessions of Assembly & within the
tyme therein lymitted) fairely transcribed into a book all &
singuler the Lawes of this Province then in force, as by the
said Act they are required An acco' whereof under their hands
& Scales they are to render unto the Lieu' Gen" att or before
the last day of the next Provinciall Court which shall be held
in Aprill next ensueing To the end that all such Clerkes that
have been omissive & negligent in their office may be pro-
ceeded against according to the tenor of the said Act And



i6o Proceedings of the Council of Maryland^ 1 676-1 768.

Lib. R. R. the Clerkes of each respective County are hereby willed &
required to transmitt unto the Hon''''= Thomas Notley & Ben-
jamin Rozer Esq^ his Lord^P' Receivers gen" by the first day of
July next ensueing the date hereof a true & just extract of all
P- 149 such ffines & Amerciam" as are due unto his Lord^p the Lord
Prop'^y from the severall persons within their respective Coun-
tyes, & not yet satisfied or remitted And that they doe yearely
& every yeare hereafter att or before the first day of Octob""
in each respective yeare transmitt unto his said Lord^^ to his
Liev' gen" or to his Receivers gen" for the tyme being a true &
perfect extract of all such ffines & Amerciam"as shall or may
hereafter become due & payable to his said Lordpp from the sev-
erall persons within their respective Countyes Every Gierke or
Clerkes refuseing or neglecting to transmitt such true Extract
of the ffines & Amerciam" within their respective Countyes as
aforesaid by the tyme before lymitted, shall not only loose his
or their place or places of Clerkeshipp, but also be lyable to
such other fines & penaltyes as the Justices of the Provinciall
Court shall thinke fitt to inflict upon them for their contempt
And the Sheriffes of each respective County are hereby willed
& required in due tyme to make Proclamacon hereof in the
most publick & convenient places within their respective Coun-
tyes, to the end that all persons herein concerned may not plead
ignorance for their neglect or contempt, if they shall not punc-
tually observe and effectually performe what they are hereby
required. Given att the Citty of S' Maryes under the great
Seal of this Province the thirteenth day of ffebruary, in the
third yeare of the Dominion of the right Hon*''" Charles abso-
lute Lord & Prop'^^of the Provinces of Maryland & Avalon
Lord Baron of Baltemore &c Annoq Dmi 1677.



p. 160 Charles &c To all the Inhabitants of Our Province of Mary-
land Greeting whereas wee did Purpose and Intend, to hold
a Generall Assembly of the ffreemen and Delegates of our
said Province of Maryland, att Our Citty of S' Maryes the
second Tuesday in May next Ensuing the date thereof which
said day being neere att hand for severall weighty and urgent
Occations and affaires Relating to us, Wee have by the Advice
and Consent of Our Privy Councell of our said Province of
Maryland thought fitt and doe hereby declare and Publish,
that the same Generall Assembly shalbe and is hereby Pro-
rogued, from the said second Tuesday in May next untill the
sixth day of May which shalbe in the yeare of Our Lord One
thousand six hundred seaventy nine whereof as well Our
members of Our Upper House of Assembly, as alsoe all the
Deputys and Deligates of Our Lower house of Assembly,



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