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thirteen shillings and one penny half penny due to him per
Ace' passed by the A G.

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Liden ninty-five
Pounds per Ace' passed by the Aud Gen'

Joseph Moore a Substitute from Saint Marys County ap-
pearing to this Board to be altogether incapable of Service is
hereby discharged therefrom

Commission of a Letter of Marque and Reprisal issued to
Thomas Stiles Master of the Schooner called the Beggars
Benison mounting four Swivel Guns navigated by seven Men
belonging to John Craig, Hugh McBride William McBride
and Charles Phillyshill

The following Recruits, Substitutes, and Vagrants sent
from Camp by General Smallwood as unfit for the Service
some discharged others retained

Thomas Bounds a Recruit from Montgomery County enlisted
by Basil Roberts is Discharged on his returning the sixty Dol-
lars Bounty & Paying ten Pounds for the Cloathes he received
into the hands of Col° Griffith, who is requested to receive it
and give Credit to the Public

Paul Hutton from Montgomery County retained & sent on
board the Galleys

Hardman Swink from Cecil retained & sent on board the
Galley

Thomas Patterson from Prince Georges, John Jones from
Montgomery

James Hanary Vagrant from Frederick, Patrick McAvoy
from Frederick retained and sent on board the Galleys. Richard
Warren from Harford Nathan Howard from Kent, Samuel
Boyd of the third Maryland Reg' from Chester County
Pennsylvania enlisted by Ens. Jones, Patrick Crawley from
Frederick, taken up as a Vagrant belongs to York County,
William Evans from Queen Annes enlisted in Baltimore
Town by Richard Cockran, Nicholas Moss a Substitute from
Frederick Town, John Olden from D° William Ritchie from
D° of York County Pennsylvania, a Substitute for the War,
Blind, John Dodson from Ann' a Recruit Fits, Joseph Jones
from Harford, Idiot, James Kelley from Washington, William
Finney a Substitute from Dorset, Blind and William Stevens
a Subst. for Vachel Hammond Frederick County are dis-
charged

Commissions issued to John Collyberger appointed Capt,
Peter Cline first Lieut, Alexander Moor second Lieut, Martin
Mikesell Ens. Samuel Gandy Ens. of Capt. Meridiths
Comp^ Andrew Biddle first Lieut, Nicholas Fringer second



of the Council of Maryland, 177H-1779. '45

Lieut Christ" Ulrey P2ns, of Capt. Winchesters Comp>' Henry ':. v.
Miers Capt. Jacob Gramcr first Lieut, Frederick Rease second
Lieut, John Towney second Lieut, John Stinson P2ns of Capt.
Barrs Comp^ Geo. Beckwith Capt, Richard Warfield first
Lieut, John O'Neal second Lieut, Jon" Wood Ens. Michael
Tawney second Lieut, James Boulton Ens. of Capt. Pebbles
Comp*' Geo Gobble Capt, Andrew lippard first Lieut John
Crouse second Lieut, Thomas Monolian Ens. belonging to the
Linganore Batt. of Militia in Frederick County also to Evan
Baker Capt, Josiah Price first Lieut, Thomas Warley second
Lieut, Andrew Potterf Ens Griffith J(;hnson Capt. Jeremiah
Willison first Lieut Andrew Dew second Lieut William More
Ens Charles Clinton Capt, Dickerson Simpkins first Lieut,
John House second Lieut Daniel Cresap Capt. Samuel Hubbs
first Lieut, John Hench second Lieut belonging to the third
or Western Battalion of Militia in Washington County also to
Joseph Smith Col" Charles Swearingen Lieut Col° Christ"
Orendorf Maj. James Smith Capt. Robert Smith first Lieut,
Christian Eckle second Lieut Peter Melott Ens. John Rennolds
Capt, Christopher Orendoff Jun' first L' William Walker
second Lieut, Joseph Rennolds son of John Ens Conrad
Nichodemus Capt. Martin Billmire first Lieut, Michael
Closser second L' Peter Swank Ens. George Swingle Capt.
Nicholas Mourer first Lieut John Hahn second Lieut, Thomas
Carter Ens, Basil Williams Capt Joshua Barnes first Lieut,
Zephaniah Spires second Lieut, Zadock WilliamsEns, Jeremiah
Spires Capt. Amos Davis first Lieut, John Fowler second
Lieut Lacon Dorsey Ens. James Walling Capt. James Pat-
terson first Lieut John Rutter second Lieut, Perry M'Coy
Ens, John Funk Capt. Henry Yost first Lieut, George Sharrer
second Lieut, John Wagoner Ens. Joseph Chapline Capt
James Chapline first Lieut, Thomas Crampton second Lieut.
James Stewart Ens. belonging to the second Batt of Militia in
Washington County also to Thomas Bouldin Jun"^ Captain in
the room of Capt Brevard Samuel Hutchinson first Lieut,
Noble Veazey second Lieut, Noble Beedle Ens. Sinclair Lan-
kaster Capt in the room of Capt. Ford, Robert Hodgson first
Lieut, Hyland Price second Lieut, Slyter Bonchill Ens. Ben-
jamin Porter first Lieut, Jesse Comyges second Lieut, James
Wroth Ens. of Capt John Ward Veazeys Comp^ Joshua
George Major belonging to the Bohemia Batt of Militia in
Cecil County

By the Advice of the Council, Pardon granted to William
Smoot late of Charles County, now in the Service of the
United States.

Thomas Duvall of Prince Georges County a Draft from the



146 yournal and Correspondence

c. B. Militia for nine Months agreeable to the late Act of As-
sembly, having procured Thomas Beall son of Thomas to en-
list into the Service for nine months in his stead, he is there-
fore discharged

Commissions issued to Edw** Gale appointed first Lieut
Jacob Mytinger second L' and Benj. Johns 3"^L' of Cap' Camp-
bells Compy of Matrosses in the service of this State.



c. c. [Council to J. Beall.]

p. 176

In Council Annapolis 22*^ June 1778.
Sir

We are informed that Christopher Beall, whom you sent
hither as a Deserter, John Wilson, Charles Jennings and
Robert Orme Drafts from your County, have gone home
again. We have sent M"" Gordon after them and request you
to give him any necessary Assistance.

We are &"
Joshua Beall Esq' L' )

of Prince George's County j



Original [Robert Alexander to Gov. Johnson.]

Pomona Brig off of Rheedy Island

Delaware Bay 22 June 1778.
Sir

The Intamicy that once subsisted between us will I expect,
justify the Liberty I now take of addressing you a Line, tho'
the Subject respects myself alone I am exceedingly anxious
to return to my Country from motives which your own feel-
ings will readily suggest but Prudence forbids me to take
this step without some assurance of my personal safety you
well know my sentiments and Conduct in the publick Affairs
of America, and appealing to him, who is the Searcher of all
Hearts, I can with Truth affirm, I still retain the same
Opinion

The favor I have at Present to ask is that of a Letter in-
forming me of the Terms, on which Persons in my situation
may return; should this be inconsistent with the publick
Character, you fill; I think there are some Gent of my Ac-
quaintance, to whom if they were made known, they would
be communicated to me if they are such, as are not incon-
sistent with the feelings of a man of Honor, I shall most
readily embrace them, and return immediately to my Country
my Family and Friends; at present I am bound to New York,



of the Council of Maryland i 778-1 779. 147

where I have some Business entirely of a private nature to Original
settle with M' Charnier I propose to return from thence in a
Flag of Truce, should you write me, may 1 request to be in-
form'd, if it would be improper to bring with me in the Flag,
some Articles for my Family of which they must be greatly in
want.

I am with Respect

Your most Ob'" Serv'

Rob' Alexander

Tuesday 23 June 1778. c. b.

Present as on yesterday

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William
Randall Eight Pounds for Waggon hire per Ace" passed by
the Aud Gen'' Principal Clerk

That the said Treasurer Pay to Upton Sheredine one pound
ten shillings per Account passed by Aud Gen'

That the said Treasurer Pay to James Murray ten Pounds
per Ace' passed by the Aud Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reid one hundred
and sixty nine pounds three shillings and nine Pence per
Ace' passed by the Aud Gen'

That the said Treasurer Pay to Theophilus Marshall twelve
pounds twelve shillings per Ace' passed by the Aud Gen'

Mr. Sheredine from the House of Delegates deliver to the
Governor a Resolve of the House of Delegates respecting the
Justices of Talbot County and a Resolve of the General
Assembly respecting the Public Records

Commissions issued to Robert Douglass appointed second
Lieut & John Sybert Ens. to Captain Samuel Hughes's
Comp'' in the first Batt of Militia in Washington County

Wednesday 24 June 1778.

Present as on yesterday.

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer Pay to Col°
Moses Rawlings one thousand Dollars for the purpose of
Recruiting our Part of the Rifle Battalion.

That the said Treasurer Pay to George Dyer eighteen
pounds twelve shillings and two Pence per Ace' passed by
the Aud Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Benjamin Morgan
eighteen Pounds ten shillings and eight Pence per Ace'
passed by the Aud Gen'

Commissions issued to Matthias Traverse appointed Capt.
John Traverse first Lieut, Philip Ferguson second Lieut, John



148 Journal and Correspondence

c. B. King Ens. John Todd Capt. James Davis first Lieut, Michael
Todd second Lieut, Reubin Andrews Ens. Timothy M'^Nemara
Capt John Stewart M'Nemara first Lieut, Charles Johnson
second Lieut, John Kirwan Ens. Henry Lake Capt. Levin
Willin first Lieut. Luke Robinson second L' John Todd
Ens. of Militia in Dorchester County.

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ser-
geant Mark M'^Pherson of the first Regiment 2 Shirts, 5 pair
Shoes 3 p"" Stockings, 6 pair Overalls and 3 Coatees for the
use and to be charged to said Regiment

Richard Burch a Draft from Charles County discharged
unfit for the Service Death Warrants issued for George
Crows late of Baltimore County for Burglary and William
Clarke of said County for Fellony

c. c. [Council to A. Faw and Others.]

P- '^^ In Council 24"^ June 1778

Sir.

If you should have any Linen left, after supplying the
Recruits raised in your County, you will be pleased to let
Col° Rawlings have so much as he may want for the Rifle
Corps, taking his receipt for the same

We are &^^



To Abraham Faw, Col° Rich*^ Davis
& Henry Schnebeley Esq'



}



[Council to D. Hughes.]

In Council 24"" June 1778.
Sir.

Col° Rawlings informs us there are about Ten of the Sub-
stitutes for Washington County to march. We request you
will permit these Men to go into his Corps, by which Means,
we hope he will be able to discharge the Militia engaged in
guarding the Prisoners at Fort Frederick

We are %i^^
Dan' Hughes Esq-" L' 1

of Washington County J

[Council to Smallwood.]

In Council Annapolis 24"" June 1778.
Sir.

By the inclosed Act you'll see that the drafted Militia are
to be under the immediate Command of the drafted Militia



of the Council of Maryland, 1 778-1 779. 149

Officers; the returns not beinj^^ near compleat nor, in all Cases, c. c,
so distinct as we could wish, we cannot ascertain the Number
of Men who go under the Character of Drafts, but, from what
we have seen, we perceive that an over Pro[jortion of Officers
are among them. Capt' Williamson and Lieu" Dare from
Calvert, Lieu' Morgan, who you appointed Brevet Captain
last Campaign, from S' Mary's and Lieu' Dyes, from Prince
Georges, go up now with the Recruits, Substitutes and a Pew
Drafts. We do not know how many diere will be in the
Whole, but suppose not more than one Company, and
probably, with the others there may also be some Officers.
We feel much Embarrassment under these circumstances as
we imagine several of them will be supernumerary Officers
and have little to do in Camp, and sending them home from
hence might occasion much uneasiness in their Neighbourhoods
on their Return. We have therefore concluded that they shall
proceed and wish you, as soon as you can have a comprehen-
sive View of the Subject and its Circumstances that you will
retain them or such of them as may be useful in their Station
or any other that may suit with their Inclination, or if you see
that they cannot render the Service they wish, that you would
discharge them. Inclosed you have a Copy of the Resolution
of the General Assembly respecting Gen' Count Pulaski's
Legion, by which we understand he is on the Footing, in this
State, with the Maryland Regiments. We shall, if we find he
has any men who were attached to the Regiments, endeavour
to have them restored. Our Exertions to equip our Men
have not fully succeeded. We have endeavoured to get As-
sistance from the Continental Stores, but do not know
whether we have succeeded; we wish you to second our In-
stances, especially for Blankets, they are not to be had here
and nothing but the strongest Impressions of sending the
Men forward without could have induced. We run too great
Risk of the Loss of many of them. Could you not spare an
Officer of a proper Temper to teize the Cloathier General
perpetually? We think, a good Dunn could not be more
usefully employed.

Gen' Smallwood. We are &"



[Council to C. Williamson.] p. ,7$

In Council 24''' June 1778.
Sir.

Lieutenant Johns informs us that there is a young Fellow
Basil Hellen a Draft from Calvert, an exceeding good
Drummer and is willing to enter into the State Service for



150 yournal and Correspondence

c. c. three years and that you are willing that he should enter. As
a Drummer from the Train of Artillery deserted some Time
ago was taken up in Wilmington and, as we have understood,
is in the Continental Service; we request you will discharge
the young Fellow, on his enlisting in the Service of the State
for three years, in Place of the above Deserter.

We are Sr"^
Cap' Charles Williamson



c. B. Thursday 25 June 1778.

Present as on yesterday except Dan' Carroll Esq""

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John
Brewer one Pound three shillings and six pence per Ace'
passed by the A Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to Henry L. Massey eighty six
Pounds sixteen shillings and three Pence due to him and the
Hands of the Boat Amelia per Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to William Goldsmith ninty
six pounds five shillings and the further sum of Thirty one
pounds and one Penny due him per Acc'^ passed by the Aud
Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to John Green twenty four
Pounds ten shillings for the use of Doct' George Robinson
per Ace' passed by the Aud Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to George Evins a Recruit for
the Term of three years procured by Robert Orme from
Prince Georges County a Draught for Nine Months sixty
Dollars

That M' Crysall furnish Capt. Massey with 15 Gallons
Whiskey for the Boat Amelia

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Richard Sapping-
ton Surgeon Assistant to the 3^ Reg' Sagathy for a Coat
Linen for two pair Breeches two Waistcoats two Shirts and
one pair Shoes.

Commissions of a Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued
Jonathan Parsons master of the Sloop called the Fly mounting
two Swivel Guns navigated by six men, belonging to Samuel
& Robert Purviance and others of Baltimore also to Henry
Geddis master of the Schooner called the Savage mounting
four Carriage Guns & four Swivels navigated by twelve men
belonging to Sam' & Robert Purviance and others of Baltimore

Robert Orme from Prince Georges County a Draught for
nine Months having procured George Ennis to serve in the
Continental Army for the term of three years is therefore
Discharged



of the Council of Maryland, 1778-1779- '51

Friday 26"' June 1778 c. b.

Pres' as on Yest^ except his Excellency, Edward Lloyd
Esq' attended

Ordered That the Western Shore Treasurer pay to Mark
Alexander Eighty six pounds per Account passed by the Aud
Gen'

That the said Treasurer Pay to Robert John Smith seven
hundred and seventeen Pounds, four shillings for making
Soldiers Cloaths per Ace' passed by the A G.

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn one hundred
and thirty Pounds six shillings and six Pence due to him per
Ace' passed by the Aud, Gen'

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Ely Dorsey
of the second Regiment Sagathy sufficient for a Coat, Striped
Linen for two Waistcoats Russia Sheeting for two pair
Breeches with Trimmings and Linnen for two Shirts.



[Plater to Gov. Johnson.] Original

Sir

I have the Pleasure to communicate to your Excellency the
following Letter written by Gen' Arnold at Philadelphia 24"*
inst. & read in Congress this Day

The City of Philadelphia was evacuated the 18'^ inst. The
main Body of the Enemy's Army was at the black Horse,
seven miles beyond Mount Holly, last Night; their Movements
are very slow (about seven or eight Miles "p Day) our Army
was at Prince Town, & in advance last Night, moving on
towards the Enemy, with Design of Improving any favorable
Opportunity of attacking them

Near four hundred Deserters from the Enemy have arrived
at this Place The Rear of the Enemy's Fleet was yesterday at
Reedy Island; two Divisions are gone down the River to Sea
The Quarter Master, Commissary & Clothier Generals have
contracted with the Merchants here, for a quantity of Goods
for the use of the Army B Arnold. I have the Honor to be
with the highest Sentiments of Respect. Yr Excellency's

most obedient
& very h'''' Serv'

York June 26"' 1778 Geo. Plater



Saturday 27 June 1778 c. b.

Present as on yesterday

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert
Reith eight Pounds, six shillings and eight Pence due to him
for one Months Salary as Messenger due the 23^ Instant



152 Journal and Correspondence

c. B. That the said Treasurer pay to William Deakins Jun' one
hundred and fiteen pounds nine shillings and six pence due
him per Ace' passed by the A G.

That the said Treasurer pay to Francis Deakins eighty
three pounds five shillings and seven pence due him and the
further sum of Thirty three pounds six shillings and eight
pence for the use of Thomas Beall of Geo. per Ace" passed
by the A G.

Monday 29 June 1778,

Present as on Saturday, Dan' Carroll & T. S. Lee Esq"
attended

Ordered that the western shore Treasure pay to John Muir
one hundred and fifty pounds on Account

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson Jun"^ eighty
three pounds, six shillings & eight Pence due him for four
months salary as Clerk to the Council due to 20 Inst.

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut
Mark Benton of the fifth Regiment Linen for two Shirts
Brown Plattillas for a Coat waiscoat and two pair of Overalls
with trimmings and one pair Shoes

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt.
Segond Oznabrigs for 60 pair of Overalls and Linen for 200
Shirts to be charged to Gen' Pulaski's Legion

That the Commissary of Stores in Baltimore deliver to
Gen' Pulaski's order 4 Rifles and 40 Canteens for his Legion.

That the Armourer deliver to Capt. Segond 5 pair Pistols
for General Pulaski's Legion

Ordered that the Sheriff of Worcester County pay to Joseph
Dashiels two thousand pounds for the Purchase of Provisions
on account.

Tuesday 30* June 1778

Present as on yesterday except Tho Sim Lee Esq'

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer Pay to Josiah
Gordon Thirteen Pounds four Shillings due him per Acco'
passed by the Principal CI. to the A. G.

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Beriah Maybury forty
five Pounds seven shillings and nine pence due to him and
also the further Sum of seventeen pounds fourteen shillings
and three pence for the use of Capt Geo. Cook per Accounts
passed by the Principal Clerk to the Aud. Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Beriah Maybury fifty
Pounds on account.

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Carroll Esq"^ Eighty
pounds ten shillings for forty six Days Attendance in Council
inclusive



of the Council of Maryland, 177^-1779. 153

John Hopkins belongin^^ to the Chester Galley discharged c. B,
being unfit for Duty

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut
John Sagathy for a Coat waistcoat and pair of Breeches with
Trimmings suitable



[Council to W. Hemsley.] c. c.

In Council Annapolrs so'*" June 1778. •'" '^'^
Sir

Lieu' Benton promised to call on you and to take under his
Command, the Men who are to march to Camp, from your
County. If he should fail calling, we request you to join
them to any Men marching from some other County. The
Act of Assembly describes the Men who are compelable to
march, on their not paying the Fines. The Deserters from
the Militia are subject to the Judgment of a Court Martial.
The Militia Accounts must be passed by the Auditor and
then, an Order will issue from this Board for Payment. We
refer you to James Scarborough for what passed, relative to
himself

We are &"

W" Hemsley Esq"" L' of
Queen Ann's County



Wednesday i July 1778.

Present as on yesterday.

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Edward
Coll Thirty Pounds one shilling per Ace' passed by the Prin-
cipal CI to the A G.

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to Edward
Coll a Private in Capt Dorseys Comp^ in the second Regiment
taken at Fort Washington and released on Parole, Cloth for a
Suit of Cloaths and Trimmings, i p'' shoes i p' stockings & 2
shirts

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Richard Bond one
hundred and forty two Pounds two shillings for the use of
Cap' David Ricketts & his Company and the further sum of
nintysix pounds fifteen shillings and seven pence for the use of
Hezekiah South and his Comp^ per ace" passed by the Prin'
CI to the A G.

That the said Treasurer pay to Edward Green Thirty Pounds
per Account passed by the Principal Clerk to the Aud. Gen'



C. B.



154 Journal and Correspondence

c. B Thursday 2^ July 1778

Present as on yesterday

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Charles
Wallace Paymaster three hundred Pounds on Account.

That the said Treasurer pay to William Goldsmith one
hundred pounds on Ace'

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Massey
Stript Linnen for a Jacket and one pair of Shoes

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Crom-
well of the fourth Regiment 1 20 Shirts 60 p"" Overalls, 60
Coatees, 60 Waistcoat and 60 pair of Shoes for the use of the
said Regiment and Linen for two Shirts for himself & two for
Lieut Shalmordine of same Regiment



Friday ^^ July 1778.

Present as on Yesterday

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut
Boyle of the Baltimore Galley Sundry Cloathing per List
sent

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Charles Wallace
Paymaster three hundred Pounds on Account

That the said Treasurer pay to Elizabeth Maw seven
Pounds ten shillings for House rent per Acco' passed by the
Principal CI to the Aud. Gen'

That the said Treasurer pay to Charles Greenbury
Griffith one hundred and thirty pounds four shillings and six
Pence per Account passed by the Principal CI to the Aud
Gen'

Saturday 4"" July 1778

Present as on Yesterday

Ordered that M"" Crysall deliver to Capt Matthews one
Barrel of Whiskey for the use of the Galley Independence

That M' Crysall deliver to Capt. Campbell 3 Gallons
Whiskey for the use of his Company

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert
Reynolds eleven pounds seventeen shillings and six Pence
per Account passed by the Principal CI to the Aud. Gen'

That M"^ Harris deliver to Commodore Grason one Barrel
Whiskey for the use of the Chester Galley



of the Council of Maryland, 1 778-1 779. 155

[S. Chase to Gov. Johnson.] Original

Philad'* July 4'*' 1778
Dear Sir.

I Received your favor by Cap' Jarrold, with one from M'
Wallace, I have with pleasure rendered him every Service in
my Power, he goes off this Morning with the Certificate of
M' Doane, M' Carmichael, and the Depositions of the prize
Master & M"" George Digges, which sufficiently prove the Pass
granted by our Comm'

Your Letter by M' Randall was delivered. We advised him
not to purchase any Quantity of Rum, as all articles especially
West India are falling. We will attend to the Shirting, I do
not beleive our Army will want Cloathing this Year, it appears
by the Returns of the Clothier General, that we now have
sufficient for 22000 Men. I was Yesday honoured with your
Letter of last fryday. No application has been made to Con-
gress for Leave to export to Burmuda, nor do I believe it will
be granted. The Virginia Delegates discredit the assertion
that their state has granted Leave.

We have no News from Europe, except that the King of
Prussia and the Emperor are going to War with each 250000
fine Troops. No Intelligence from Rhode Island.
I wish you Health & Happiness
Dear Sir
Your Affectionate

Obed' Serv'

Sam' Chase

Monday 6 July 1778 c. b.

Present as on Saturday, except Edward Lloyd Esq'



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