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Detached Service at Fort Pitt —

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to
Ens. Nathaniel Beall Magruder of the Maryland part of the Regim'
lately commanded by Col° Rawlings three thousand Dollars to be by
him expended in the Recruiting Service & Accounted for.

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Thomas Beall Capt. Com-
mand* of the late Rawlings Regim' 3^ yds Cloth, & 3 yds Shalloon
for himself and the same Quantity of each for Capt. Adamson Tanne-
hill, Ens. Nath' Beall Magruder and Adjutant Josias Tannehill of
the same Regim* in part of the Articles allowed by the General
Assembly.

By a Return made by Thomas Beall Capt. Command* of the Mary-
land part of the Regim* lately commanded by Col° Moses Rawlings
it appears that there are now in the Service of the United States of
the Maryland part of the said Regim* 4 Serjeants and 50 Privates
who were in the Service before May 1779 and therefore entitled to
the Sum of £20 each agreeable to the Act relating to the Officers
and Soldiers of this State in the American Army and other
purposes therein mentioned 4 Serjeants & 50 Privats @ 2o£ each
£1080..—..—



84 Journal and Correspondence

Liber C B Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Beall
^°- 23 Capt. Command' of the Maryland part of the Regiment late Raw-
ling's one thousand and Eighty Pounds to be delivered over to
Captain Adamson Tannehill Paymaster to the Regiment to be by
him delivered over according to the above mentioned Act, to the non
Commissioned Officers & Privates of the Maryland Part of the said
Regiment.

February II Friday II*'' February 1780

p. 112

Present as on Yesterday —

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Beall
Capt. Command* of the late Rawling's Regim' Brittanies for 8
Shirts, 2 for himself and 2 to be delivered to each of the Officers of
the same Regim* viz. Capt. Adamson Tannehill, Ens. Nath^ Beall
Magruder and Adjut. Josias Tannehill, in part of the Articles &c^

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to George Gordon a
Recruit a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the Gen' Assembly.

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Thomas Beall 4 p^
of Brittanies of that lately purchased of Jon* Hudson Esquire.

That John Strawbridge Collector for Cecil County pay to Thomas
Harwood Esquire Continental Treasurer or Order fifty thousand
Dollars as part of the four Million six hundred and Eighty thousand
Dollars appropriated to the Use of Congress by the General Assembly
of this State.

February 12 Saturday 12* February 1780

Present as on Yesterday.

Commissions issued to Samuel Harvey Howard appointed Capt.
John Davidson i^' Lieut. John Muir 2 Lieut & John Johnson 3*^ Lieut
of the Independent Comp^ in the City of Annapolis.

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency
Thomas Sim Lee Esq'' six thousand two hundred and fifty Pounds
for 3 Months Allowance as Governor to this Day.

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn Esq'' one hundred
Pounds and four hundred & Eighty Pounds due him p Acc'^ passed
by the Dep^ Aud.

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to 'William Bassford of
the I Reg* i shirt, i p'' Shoes & i p'' Stockings to be charged to the
said Regim*

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Patrick Carvery
green Cloth sufP for 10 Suits of Cloaths and Overalls 10 p'' Stock-
ings and 10 p'' Shoes to be delivered over to Lieut. Nich^ Manger of
the 3^^ Reg* for the Recruits enlisted by him to be charged to him
till he produces Receipts for the Delivery of them.



of the Council of Maryland. 85

That the Collector of the Tax for Saint Mary's County pay to LUk-t C B
Lieut. Nich* Manj^^er of the 3'' Rcgim' three thousanrl Dollars io he ^"- ^^
expended in the Recruit'' Service and Accountcfl for.

Pardon granted to Anne Lathby alias Leatherby condemned in
Queen Anns County in 1776 for the Murder of her Bastard Child.

[Council to Lieut Nicholas Manger] Liber C C

No. 22
Sir We have sent by M"" Patrick Carvery, Cloth sufficient for ten p. 65

suits of Cloaths and Overalls ten Shirts, ten Pair of Stockings anrl
ten Pair of Shoes ; we had no Cloaths ready made or we should have
sent them. We have directed the Commissary of Stores to charge
you with the Cloathing, 'til you produce Receipts for the Delivery
of them to the Recruits. Enclosed you have an Order on the Collec-
tor of the Tax for St. Mary's County for 3000 Dollars. We should
be obliged to the purchasing Commissary for St. Mary's County to
supply your Recruits with Rations, but we have no Power to direct
him, as it is out of the Line of his Duty

[Council to Messrs. Joseph Gilpin and Elijah Cole]

Gentlemen Col° Ewing having applied for a Licence to act as
agreeable to the late Act. We have in Consequence of the
Information received from you of his Conduct, thought it proper not
to grant it ; but as that Gentleman denies the most material Charges
against him, we request you to transmit us the fullest Information
under Oath, on this Subject and as speedily as possible, least the
public Service should suffer

[Committee to Jonathan Hudson, Esqr.]

Sir On the Recommendation of the Governor, we have agreed
to take one hundred Pieces of the best Britanies you have, over and
above the two hundred he purchased of you and we beg you will
have them carefully packed up in Bales, ready to deliver to our
Order. The Act of Assembly does not allow Hats to our Officers
and yours are too good for common Soldiers. A full Supply of
Stockings are already procured for present Use; although we be-
lieve yours are good, and that you may be induced to sell them
reasonably, yet our Finances are too low to admit of an Advance that
is not warranted by Necessity. The Cloths we decline taking for the
same Reason.

Tuesday 15 February 1780 February 15

Present as on Saturday. J. Townly Chase Esq'' Att*^ No. 23

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Gold- P' ^^^

smith three hundred and sixty three Pounds due him per Account

passed by the Aud. General.



86 Journal and Correspondence

Liber C B Wednesday 16*'' February 1780

No. 2,3 _, tr . 1

February 16 Present as on Yesterday —

p. 113 Ordered That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Alex Lawson
Smith of the Maryland Part of the Regim' late Rawlings's 3J yds
Cloth 3 yds Shalloon and i p* Brittanies of the first Quality in part
of the Articles allowed by the Gen' Assembly.

That the said Capt. Keeports deliver to Ensigns David Green and
Robert Green of the first Brigade 3:^ yds Cloth, 3 yds Shalloon & i p*
Brittanies of the third Quality each in part of the Articles allowed
by the General Assembly.

That the Collector of the Tax for Harford County pay to Capt
Alex Lawson Smith of the late Rawlings's Regim* three thousand
Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted for.

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to John
McClellan Richard Lemmon and Isaac Griest Commissioners for
Baltimore Town Five thousand Pounds to enable them to carry into
Execution the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other Pro-
visions for the Army to be accounted for.

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to
Ens David Green of the 7 Regim' one thousand Eight hundred Dol-
lars to be expend** in the recruit^ Service & Ace** for

Jonathan Hudson Esq*" is requested to deliver 300 pieces of Brit-
tanies purchased of him by this Board to Capt George Keeports or
in his Absence to M"" William Banks

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Alexander
Lawson Smith of the late Rawlings's Regim* 3 yds Linen for Lining
and 2 pair of Stockings in part of the Articles allowed by the General
Assembly.

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to David Green and
Robert Green of the first Brigade 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p*"
Stockings each in part of the Articles &c*

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Patrick Murphy,
Charles Thompson, William Snow, Pharoah Flinn, James Bayless,
Robert Hutson, James Wood, John Lawrence James Welden, Wil-
liam Joyce, Andrew Marwood, William Johnston & Philip Ijams
Recruits for the 4'^ Regim' Leonard Hagan, John Neighbour & Wil-
liam Hempston Recruits for the 7 Regiment, each, i Coat, i Waist-
coat I p"" Breeches i p' Overalls, i shirt, i Hat, i p*" Shoes and one
pair of Stockings the Bounty allowed them by the late Act of Assem-
bly and also to Thomas Keef of the 7"" Regiment i pair of Shoes.

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* John Smith
of the 2^ Regiment Cloth sufficient for i Jacket and pair of Breeches.

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Serj' John Lindiff six
thousand Dollars to be by him expended in the Recruiting Service &
Accounted for.



of the Council of Maryland. 9fJ

Tliat the said Treasurer pay to James O'llarra one hundred I.if^cr C B
Pounds allowed to him by this Board from the l6'^ Aujjust 1779 to ^^- ^^
this Instant by Virtue of a Resolve of the General Assembly passed
the 7 of August 1779.

[Council to The Commissioners for Baltimore Town] Liber C C

N'o. 22

Gentlemen — We have not had Leisure, before now, to attend to r>. 66
the Several Matters mentionerl in the Letters receivefl from you.
We cannot advise you to assume a Power of pressing Waggons in
the adjacent Counties. It will be proper to have the Wheat taken
from the French Agent, ground up and to take an Account of the
Quantity of Flour produced by it and the Expence incurred in manu-
facturing it. Enclosed you have an Order on the Collector of the
Tax for Baltimore County for five Thousand Pounds, which, we
hope, will fully answer your Purposes.

[Council to Thomas Sollers Esqr. Naval Officer Baltimore]

Sir. We request you to furnish us, by the first Opportunity, with
a particular Account of the Bread Flour and Wheat e.xported by
M"" William Smith Agent for the Marine of France and by Col°
Samuel Smith, Agent for the Virginia Board of War, since the first
Day of April last



Thursday 17 Februarv 1780 — February 17

Liber C B
Present as on Yesterday — No. 23

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores Deliver to Patrick
Breemaghme of the 4"^ Regim* i pair of Shoes and i Shirt.

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joshua Burgess two p. 114
thousand Dollars to be Delivered over to Vachel Burgess late an
Ensign in the I Maryland Regim' allowed by the General Assembly
in 1779 in leiu of the Articles for that year.

That the said Treasurer pay to Com" Thomas Grason Eight hun-
dred and forty Pounds on Account.

That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to Thomas
Harwood Esq'' Continental Treasurer or Order, three hundred thou-
sand Dollars as part of the four million six hundred and Eighty
thousand Dollars appropriated to the use of Congress bv the Gen'
Ass^ of this State.

To be sold in the City of Annapolis at Public Vendue Pursuant to
the " Act to empower the Governor and the Council to sell the Public
Property therein mentioned." on ^^^ednesdav the 15'*^ March next.
Three Gallies with their Tackle, Apparel and Furniture, a consider-
able Quantity of Naval and Military Stores, some crude Salt Petre.
Horses, Waggons, Harness and Geers, and the Interest of the State



88 Journal and Correspondence

Liber C B in the Tan yard in the City of Annapolis. Inventories of the Par-
^^ ticulars will be Lodged at George Mann's Tavern in Annapolis, and
at the Merchants Coffee House in Baltimore Town by the first Day
of March.

Liber C C [Council to The Delegates from Maryland in Congress.]

No. 22

p. 66 Gentlemen — We are informed that the Congress resolved, some
Time in November last, that the Officers in the American Army
should be furnished with sundry Articles of Cloathing, as a Gratuity
for their Services, and that the species were enumerated. That Re-
solve has not yet been transmitted to us. We request the Favor of
you to procure and forward it, and at the same Time, beg Leave to
apply through you, to Congress, for Permission to supply the Officers
of the Maryland Line, provided we may be allowed to draw from
the Continental Treasury of this State, to reimburse the Money that
may be expended in the Purchase of them

[Council to Monsr. Holker]

Sir We shall embrace the next Opportunity of answering your
Letters of the 28'^ of lan""^ and 9**^ of Feb*"^ and in the mean Time
remain with due Consideration &"

[Council to His Excellency The Chevr De la Luzerne.]

Sir It is with deep Concern we find that the Measures adopted by
this State to obtain an immediate Supply to relieve the extreme Dis-
tresses of the Continental Army have occasioned such Uneasiness
to your Excellency and created even the Semblance of a Doubt of
our firm Attachment to the Alliance. We think with you that it is
the incumbent Duty of this State to exert themselves in the same
Degree for the Preservation of the Fleets of France as the American
Army, and can, with Confidence assure you that if your Fleets had
p. 67 been in the same Distress, Steps equally vigorous and efficacious,
would have been used to extricate them. We are exceedingly hurt
that you should esteem the Seizure of the Flour allowed to be pur-
chased for our Ally a Violation of our Engagement when the press-
ing Wants of the Army urged the General Assembly to it and when
too, we informed your Exc'' that it would not be used, if those Wants
could be otherwise relieved ; but that it should be restored to M*"
Smith and Permission given for the Exportation of it, as soon as
Congress or his Excellency Gen' Washington assured us that the
Distresses of the Army ceased to be alarming. It gives us Pain to
repeat the Information we communicated in our last, that our Power
is so circumscribed and limited, that we cannot, without committing
a manifest Infringement of our Constitution and acting inconsistent
with the Trust delegated to us, suspend the Law, until we have As-
surances from Congress or General Washington, that the Army is



of the Council of Maryland. 89

supplied. The Recommendation of Congress to restore the Flour, Liber C C
has been received ; but that cannot give us Authority to do it ; because, ' "' "
at the same Time, we w^ere informed by them that the Wants of the
Army were pressing and require immediate Relief. No Inconvcni-
encies have, as yet, we apprehend, have arisen from the Seizure and
as the Obstruction to the Navigation still remains, we flatter our-
selves it will be in our Power to obviate any ; to that End, as well as
with a View of removing every Cause of Uneasiness or Disgust, we
have called a Meeting of the General Assembly the second Day of
March next in Order to Submit to their Consideration your Excel-
lency's Letters and the whole Proceedings of the Commissioners and
we have no Doubt but that the Result of their Deliberations will be
highly satisfactory to your Excellency. We cannot refrain from
expressing our Disapprobation of the Conduct of M"" Smith, in re-
sisting the Officers appointed to carry the Law into Execution.
Whatever his Sentiments might be respecting the Propriety of it, w-e
think, an Attempt in any Individual to trample on the Authority of
the state and to frustrate its Acts, ought not to escape without Re-
profiF. It is not in our Power at this Time to point out any Species
of Misconduct in M"" Smith, or others employed under him in the
Purchase of Flour and Wheat, but as soon as we make any Discover}''
of male Practices, we shall impart them that your Excellency may
take proper Precautions to prevent a Repetition

[Council to The Delegates from Maryland in Congress.]

Gentlemen In the Execution of the Law to procure an immediate
Supply &" we have been embarrassed, but nothing has given us more
Uneasiness than the Idea that the Conduct of our State, in seizing
the French Flour, may, possibly be imputed to some Motive different
from that of relieving the alarming Distresses of the Army, which
has rendered us the more desirous that you should converse with the
Minister of France and explain the Whole of this Business. We
would have him convinced of our firm Attachment to the Alliance,
our Desire to promote the Interest of France and facilitate the Opera-
tion of their Fleets and Armies, and to supply them with the ]\Ieans
of Subsistence, and that Nothing but the most urgent and pressing
Necessity could have constrained us to subject the French Flour to
Seizure ; that we wish to have, from Congress, or the General, that
the Army is supplied, on which Event, w^e shall not hesitate to order
Restitution of the Flour and Wheat, lawfully purchased. We request p. 68
you to explain the Nature of our Power, that we act in a Subordinate
Capacity and cannot make, repeal or suspend the Execution of any
Law. The Minister informs us that he has imparted to IVP Plater,
some fatal Consequences which will result from our not restoring
the Flour besides the Inconveniences suggested to us : we cannot
conjecture what they are. We have not yet been furnished with Re-



go Journal and Correspondence

Liber C C turns from all the Commissioners of the several Counties, of the
°' ^ Flour and Wheat obtained under the Law, but from those received,
the Quantity does not exceed 8000 Barrels, exclusive of the Flour
purchased for the French. It w^ould give us infinite Pleasure to be
favoured with a Communication of the several Matters of Impor-
tance agitated in Congress which relate to this State.



Liber c B Saturday 19 February 1780.

No. 23
p. 114 Present as on Thursday.

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase
Esq'' Twenty five thousand Pounds for the use of John Dorsey &
Comp^ on Account.

That the said Treasurer pay to Alexander W. Davy four thousand
seven hundred and ninty six Pounds to be delivered over to Capt.
Geo. P. Keeports on account for the Purchase of Cloathing.

That Captain Geo. Keeports deliver to Capt. Samuel Sadler of the
Compy of Matrosses lately commanded by Capt. Gale i p^ Brittanies
of the 2^ Quality in part of the Articles allowed by the General
Assembly.

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said Capt. Samuel
Sadler 2 pair Stockings in part of the Articles &c^

The Commission of David Poe from James Calhoun Esquire Dep^
Quarter Master Gen' of the S''' April 1778 being produced to this
Board, Licence is hereby granted according to the Act of Assembly
in such Case lately made and Provided to the said David Poe to Act
as an Assistant Dep^ Q Masf Gen' of the Army of the United States
for Baltimore County he having previously taken the Oath prescribed
by the said Act.

Edward Wright heretofore Licenced by this Board, having ap-
plied and previously taken the Oath required by the Act of Assembly
in such Case lately made & Provided is hereby Licenced to Act as
an Ass* D. For Mast. Gen' within the sixth District of this State and
also Henry Hollingsworth Esq"" heretofore Licenced by the Gov""
&C° having this Day produced the Same to this Board and also
Lodged a Cert^ of his having taken the Oath prescribed by the Act
p. IIS for the more effectual preventing forestalling and engrossing and
for other Purposes therein ment'' Licence is hereby granted to him
the said Henry Hollingsworth Esq'' to Act as Dep'' Quarter Master
General in this State.

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Isaac Perkins, Kent]

p. 68 Sir We received yours of the 12*'' Ins' As to the Line of Conduct
to be observed by you, with Respect to the Flour and Wheat pur-
chased for the French, and the other Matters submitted to our Con-



of the Council of Maryland. <ji

sideration ; we refer you to our Letter of the fifth, a Copy of which Liber C C
is enclosed. We think the Certificates given by the Commissioners, ' ^'- ^^
are discountable out of the Assessments that the Sheriffs are now
collecting, or any future Assessment at the Option of the Bearer of
the Certificate. We have sent you an Order on the Collector of your
County for the further Sum of £3000.

[Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth.]

Sir Sundry of your Letters have been received by this Board,
which we have hitherto wanted Time and Opportunity to answer.
Agreeable to your Request on the 30"* of Dec"" an Order was drawn
upon the late Collector of Cecil County in Favor of M*" Harwood
the Continental Treasurer for £93750 Subject to your Order as a
Part of the sum granted to Charles Pettit by Warrant from Con-
gress. In Answer to your second Letter, of same Date, we have to
observe that no Charges have been exhibited against you for Miscon-
duct The Letters and Certificate which you enclosed were returned
through M*" Harwood, as we were pressed in Point of Time and he
had Occasion to write you. Yours of the 15*^ of January, gives us a
high Sense of your Attachment to the Interest of America and your
unremitting Exertions to discharge the important Duties of your
Ofifice : your Measures are prudential and very pleasing to us. It
certainly would be most adviseable to remove the Flour from the
interior Parts of the Country first, as there will be a Chance of having
Water Carriage for what lays on Rivers and the Bay before the
whole is sent off. The Attention you mention in your Letter of the
26*'' of Jan^ to have given to the Flour then lying at Susquehanna,
was very necessary and may be a Means of preserving much that,
otherwise, would be exposed ; the expensive Manner of forwarding
it will most certainly be avoided, as soon as we are informed that
the Army is well supplied. Your Returns of the Ouantitv of Flour
sent forward, are received. The Conduct of the Commissary, in
ordering the Wheat to be carried to Mills out of the direct Route
to Camp, is very extraordinary, nor is that of the French Agents p. 69
more easily to be accounted for. As to Certificates for Money lent
to the Continent, that Business is solely with the Commissioner and
as we are not inclined to multiply ours, which we are sorr}^ to find
considerably encreasing every Day ; therefore refer you to him sug-
gesting at the same Time, that the Law under which you were ap-
pointed to receive Loans expired the last Session. We had heard of
several valuable Officers refusing to qualify under a Law of the last
Session and we had Apprehensions of losing you ; but the Receipt of
yours of the 31^* Ultimo, gave us Relief and Pleasure. By vour
Letter of the S*'' Ins* you are somewhat perplexed by the Dispute
between the State Commissioners and the Commissa^^^ We have
determined finally on this Point, of which these Commissioners are



92 Journal and Correspondence

Liber C C fully informed. We approve fully of the Steps you have taken to
^°" ^^ detect Frauds and Impositions in purchasing of Flour and trust you
will continue to act with your wonted Circumspection ; such Abuses
ought to be corrected and discouraged. We shall not fail to take the
necessary Measures to strengthen and cooperate with you in a work
so laudable and Salutary as preventing such Practices in future.
Your Complaints of the Order of Flour sent you, are repeated in
yours of the 13*'' Ins' where it is necessary, we wish you to have it
repacked and in every Instance, it may not be amiss to weigh it.
It surely is the proper Province of the Commissioners to see that
Justice is done the Public in the Weight as well as the Quantity of
the Flour and the Inattention of those of Baltimore and Harford,
on whom we greatly relied, surprizes us. M'' Wright is licenced ac-
cording to the Law of the last Session, and your Request, for the
sixth District. In Answer to yours of the 15* Ins* we inform you,
that your Licence is granted and enclosed. Your Motives for con-
tinuing in your Department and not buying Provisions, by which
a Competition would be created with the Commissioners, are truly
praiseworthy. An Extension of your Care and Attention, to Balti-
more Town, would not be amiss, as the only acting Person in that
District is in an inferior Station, and may require your Advice and
Aid. The Contract made by M'' Wright with the Gen* of Virginia,
we think advantageous to the Public, and as our Interposition would
be rather out of our Line, advise you to request Gen' Green to apply
to the Government of Virginia to permit an Exportation of the Grain
purchased. M'' Wright has the Order on the late Collector of Cecil
for the Money you require



February 21 Monday 21 February 1780

No. 23 Present as on Saturday,
p- 115 Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Jeremiah Townly
Chase Esq*" nine hundred Pounds for his Attendance in Council to
this Instant.

That the said Treasurer pay to William Logan one hundred and



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