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utter (vizt) that the Governo'^ Chancelo"" & y' sd Colt W" Calvert
were all Rouges & that y^ said Colt was a Bastard, all w'^'' words
although they are false he reported as truth and many other Scan-
dalous words he then & there did utter & publish against the peace
of his said Lo^p his Rule & Dignity and Contrary to an act of Assem-
bly in that case made & provided Vincent Lowe.
Elizabeth Greene
Thomas Brimson
John Burridge
Christopher Spry



witnesses.



Endorsed (Billa Vera)



The Grand Juro" were Dismissed & James Lewis brought into
Co".

The foregoing Indictm' Reade to James Lewis who pleaded not
guilty and put himself upon the Country, and the Sheriff retorning
the Juro" names there appeared Joseph Chew William Dunkerton
Thomas Walker Alexander Draper Abell James & Demetrius Cart-



40 Provincial Court Proceedings, i6j3.

Liber J J wright John \\'arren Ignatius Warren John Hartwell John Stone
Aholiab West & John Pollard who to say the truth in y^ p''mises
being Elected tryed & sworne upon their oathes doe say that they
finde the said James Lewis guihy of what is alledged in the Indictm'.
Whereupon it is ordered by y^ Court that y* said James Lewis
receive imediately thirty nine Lashes on y^ bare back and that the
Sheriff of St Maryes County Cause y^ same to be Executed upon
the said James Lewis, and further that the said Sheriff Keepe y^
body of the said Lewis in his Custody untill he shall finde suertyes
for the good behaviour, and such suertyes as two of the Justices shall
approve of whereof one of y^ said Justices is to be of y^ Quorum.

soo' Tob fine Then was Br3-an Dayly Retorned of the foregoing Jury finde
five hundred pounds of Tobacco for his Default in not apearing
upon call.

P-5II Upon the Information ag' Capt Thomas Jones Exhibited by
Henry Smith and ffrancis Jenkins & found billa Vera by the Grand
Inquest It is by the Co" ordered that the said Information be
mended in matter of forme and that he have a Coppy of it, when
mended, & pleade to it y^ next Co'''.

The Court Adjourned whilst Munday morning.

The /"^ of October 1672 Present as before.

1° October 1672

Mr Attorney General By virtu of a Comission of y^ sole Indian
Trad" of this Province to me Graunted by the Lord Proprietary and
by y^ said Comission Empowred to take seize or surprize any pson
or psons together with their Ship or Ships Sloopes or other Vessells
with all their Truck or any Skynns or ffurrs Clandestinely had or
purchased Trading without lycense from the Lord Proprietary by
vertu of w'^'' Comission I have taken severall ffurrs and other Truck
according to the pticulars underwritten the w'^'' I p''sent to you as
his LoPP^ officer for the Acquittall or Condemnation thereof as proofe
shalbe made w*^*" is the information of Sr

Yo'' humble Servant
Seized at y' Hore Keele y^ 26"" Tho Jones,

of June 1672.

One Beaver skyn

seaven Otter Skynns.

Eleaven Mink skynns.

one Wolfe skynn

Two Racoone skynns.

One Muskrat skynne



Provincial Court Proceedings, 16^2. 41

At y* same place the 24"' of August last. Liber J J

nineteene Minke skynns
foure Racoone Coates
One bundle of Racoone skynns
Seaven Deare skynns
Eight y"""^' of Red Matchcoate cloth.
Two blew Coates
One peece of Matchcoate Cloth
One Pewter Pype
sixteene quills



foure Dozen of Glasses
One halfe Dozen of Trad-
ing Knives
Ten Jewes Harpes
Nine bundles of w' peake
thirteene of black ditto
one pound of Red Lead.



ffrom Richd Ackworth a Trad"' in
Manoakin River last of July
Anno. 1672.

fforty two Deare Skynns.

One hundred Eighty Eight muske
Rat skynns

Twenty foure Racoone Coates.



Arrested his Sloope w'^'' he Confessed he Traded in for y*" said
skynns & severall times went out of this Province with his said
Sloope without making Entry of what Exported Tho Jones.

To his Excellency The Capt Gen''all of this Province of Mary- p. 512
land &c.

The humble peticion of Richard Ackworth of Som''set County
planter. Humbly showeth.

That whereas Capt Thomas Jones of this County of Som''set
about the beginning of August in the 41"' yeare of the Dominion
of the Right bono :'''^ Caecilius &c over this Province of Maryland
Annoque Domini 1672 made his Repayer to yo'' pet" house (in yo*"
pet" absence) with some others in his Company, and the said
Thomas Jones desired yo'' Pet" wife to let him have some syder w*^*"
yo' pet" wife did accordingly, the said Jones Remaining from the time
he came w*^*" was about Tenn a clock in y"^ morning of the day he
came untill Early the next morning at w'^'' time the said Jones got
up not making any that did belong to my family Acquainted, Then
& there did illegally Ransack seize take & Carry away forty Thr^e
Drest deare skynns. One hundred Eighty odd muskrat skynns,
Twenty ould Racoone Match coates and two beare skynns and them
put on board yo'' pef^ Sloope, the w'^'' sloope he also made seizure of,
and both the goods aforesayd with the Sloope carryed away to the
Landing of M"' Randall Revell, and there brake up y^ Cabbin Dore
of yo'' pef^ Sloope which was fast locked, and tooke out of y^ said
Cabbin a pcell of shot the said Jones not giving an accompt to any
of my family wherefore he made seizure of the foregoing skynns
nor Sloope, Yo"^ pet" Sloope being at his owne landing & his wife



42 Provincial Court Proceedings, i6j2.

Liber J J being asleepe yo'' pef being much Damnifyed for the want of his
Sloope & goods humbly Craves yo'' Excellencyes ord"' for the Restau-
ration of >■* said goods and Sloope with Damages and as in Deauty
bound shall pray.

Maryland ss Memorandum that this p''sent Day to wit upon the
7"" day of October 1672 came Thomas Jones who aswell on the
behalf e of the Right hono''''= the Lxird Propry as for himself giveth
the Court here p''sent to und''stand and be informed.

That whereas he the said Thomas Jones who aswell &c being one
of his LoPP^ Justices for the County of Worcester having Received
information that one Peter Hance a Dutchman had imported into
this Province from New yorke six Mares Contrary to the Act of
Assembly in that case made and provided the said Thomas who
aswell &c did upon the 24*'' day of August last past at the Hore Keele
in Worcester County aforesayd caused y*" said six Mares to be seized
& taken into his possession in the behalfe of the Right hono*"'^ the
Lord Propry, and the said Thomas who aswell &c in fact saith that
the said six mares were brought from New Yorke & imported into
this Province contrary to y^ said Act aforesayd which he is ready
to averre & prove, whereupon he humbly prayes the Advice of this
bono'''' Court & Judgem' for the Condemnation of y^ said six Mares
& that the one halfe of y^ said Mares may be adjudged to the said
Lord Proprietary and the other halfe to y^ sd Jones according to
the Teno'' of y^ said Act of Assembly. Tho Jones.

Upon the said Information Exhibited to y^ Co" by the said
Thomas Jones in his proper pson the Court awarded processe to
be issued to the said John Hance to answere y^ p''mises. et' the
next Co'''.

The Co''' Adjourned untill the Tenth of Decern^ next

p. 513 Maryland ss. Memorandum that this Eighth day of October in
the 41"" yeare of the Dominion of the R' hono:''''^ Caecilius &c
Annoque Domini 1672 psonally apeared before us Philip Calvert
Es<5 Chancelo'' of this Province and Baker Brooke Escj one of the
Justices of the Provinciall Court James Lewis of the County of
St Maryes planter George Charlesworth of the same County planter
and Philip Shapleigh of Dorchester County planter, and the said
James Lewis did acknowledge himself to owe & stand indebted to
the Right hono*"'^ the Lord Proprietary in the suriie of Tenn Thou-
sand pounds of Tobacco and Casque, to be Leavyed of his lands
goods Debts & Chattells and the said George Charlesworth and Philip
Shapleigh, did Either of them by himself acknowledge to owe & be
indebted to the said Lord Propry the sume of five Thousand pounds



Provincial Court Proceedings, 16/2. 43

of Tobacco to be leavyed upon their lands goods Debts & Chatties Liber J J
upon Condition following.

The Condition of this Recognizance is such that if the above-
named James Lewis shalbe of good behaviour During the Terme
of his Naturall life then this p''sent Recognizance to be voyd and
of none Effect otherwayes to Remaine of full force and vertu.
Taken and acknowledged The marke of

before us the day & James L, Lewis

yeare abovesayd. George Charlesworth

Philip Calvert Philip Shapleigh.

Baker Brooke

Spa for Henry Smith Sen"' Harman Cornelinson Robert Cat-
lin Sen'' Richard Denis Thomas Poole & Henry Hamond to testefy
for y^ Lord Propfy ag' Thomas Jones ret y" loth of December next
Teste 7'^ Octob 1672.

ven fac to y'= Coron'' of Som''set County to cause Thomas Jones
Sheriff of the sd County to come &c the 10"' Decem^ next. Teste 7""
Octo'b 1672.

Idem to y^ Sheriff of Som''set County for John Renny. Dated &
ret ut supra.

Idem to y^ Sheriff of S* Maryes County ag' RicM Moy & Tho.
Paine. Test & ret ut supra.

Idem ad Sheriff Dorchester County ag' RicW Meekins ut supra.
Idem ad Sheriff Ann Arundell County ag' Thomas Beson ut supra.

At a Provincial Court of the Right bono i*"'^ Caecilius absolute Lord
and Proprietary of the Provinces of Maryland and Avalon Lord
Baron of Baltamore &c held at the Citty of St Maryes the Tenth
day of December in the 41"" yeare of the Dominion of his said Lopp
over this Province of Maryland Anncxp Domini 1672 before his
LqPp* Justices for the Keeping of the peace of the said Province &
moreover for the hearing and Determining of Diverse felonyes mur-
ders Transgressions and other misdeeds in the said Province Co-
mitted & ppetrated assigned at which time were present.

His Excellency Charles Calvert Es<5 Cap' Generall & Cheif Gov-
erno'' of Maryland

Philip Calvert Es<5 Chancelour

Baker Brooke

Edward ffitzherbert

Jesse Wharton



The hon:"'.



Escps.



44 Provincial Court Proceedings, i6'j2.

Liber J J The Court being called the Cryer makes proclamation.

Comanding all Justices of peace, Coroners Stewards of Leetes
and libertyes & other Officers that have taken any Inquisitions
Indictm" Recognizances whereby they have let any man to bayle
let them put in their Records thereof that his Lopp^ Justices may
pceed

p. S14 John Griffin bound over for hoggstealing appeares Comitted to
the Sheriff of St Maryes County

Joseph Okeene bound over for hoggstealing appeares Comitted
to the same Sheriff.

Richard Meekins bound over for hoggstealing appeares Comitted
to the same Sheriff.

James Neale Sen"" James Neale Jun"^ bound over for hoggstealing,
they both appeare and Enter into Recognizance to the Lord Pro-
prietary in forty pounds sterl^ a peice to Depart the Court without
license but to be ready upon call.

Thomas Hackleton 1 brought by the Sheriff of Calvert County were
Samuell Lester and ^by the Court Comitted to the Sheriff of St
Wm Swetnam J Maryes County by him to be Kept for fellony.

Thomas Beson of Ann Arundell County presented by the Grand
Inquest the last Court for suffering Runnawayes to passe Contrary
to the Act of Assembly appeares, submits to his fine, the Court fined
him 6= — 8"*, which he payd in open Co''', and so went without day.

Richard Moy of St Maryes County being presented by the Grand

Q

Inquest the last Court for refusing to take a peice of -q- at 6% ap-
peared by Robert Carvile his Attorney, and the said p''sentm' for the
Insufficiency thereof was quashed, and so the said Moy went thereof
without day.

John Morecroft an Attorney of this Court appears for Capt Tho
Jones & M"" Thomas Paine as their Attorney, to an Information ag'
Jones & a p''sentm' ag' Paine, and was by the favour of the Court
here admitted.



Provincial Court Proceedings, i6j2.



45



The names of the Grand Juro" sixteene in Number.



Liber J J



John Dobbs
Gerard Browne
Joshua Doyne
George Marshall
John Collet
James Philips



Foreman Raymond Stapleford
Nicholas Rice
David Browne
W" Russell
Hubbert Lambert
W"" Hensey
Michael Miller
Thomas Cosden
George Robins &
. Thomas Vaune



who being sixteene in number were all sworne according to the
Tenour of the usual oath and Receiving their Charge withdrew to
Consider of such bills as should be presented to them.

Then was Thomas Todd of Ann Arundell County and John Wells looo'Tob
of Talbot County retorned of y*^ grand Jury & not appearing fined
by the Court 500' Tob apeice.

The Court Adjournes till to morrow morning nine a clock

The 11"' December 1672 The Court met p''sent as yesterday.

Then did the Grand Inquest come into the Court and the foreman
Raymond Stapleford Exhibited a petiicion to the Court here that
whereas he was foreman of the grand Inquest for the body of this
Province, and that Henry Smith of Somerset County had abused
him in calling him hoggstealer, wherefore he Desired Reperation
the Court taking the same into their serious Consideration called the
said Smith before them who acknowledging his offence submitted
to the mercy of the Court, and was by the Court fined 400' Tob,
w"^*" said Smith imediately payd the same, and so was Discharged.

The grand Inquest Retornes these bills following. Endorsed as p. 515
followeth

The Juro" for the Right hono :'''^ the Lord Proprietary upon their
oathes doe present that James Neale Junio"' of Wollaston Manno"" James Neale
in Charles County the thirtieth day of December in the yeare of our J""'
Lord 1671, at Wolliston Manno'' aforesayd in the County aforesd
One hogg of the goods and Chattels of Arthure Turners did take
Kill and Carry away One hogg of the goods and Chattels of Giles
Thomkins in his the said Neales owne Orchard, also severall hoggs
of the goods and Chattells of William Perfits in and upon the Man-
nour aforesayd, also three hoggs of the goods and Chattells of the
said William Perfit about Ware Creeke then and there found did
Kill or Cause to be Killed stole and Carryed away upon the said



46 Provincial Court Proceedings, i6j2.

Liber J J thirtieth day of December in the 40"" yeare of his said Lo^p' Do-
minion Annocp Domini 1671 contrary to the forme and Effect of a
certeine Act of Assembly in that Case had made and provided, and
against the peace of his said Lordshipps Rule and Dignity.

Endorsed vizt Billa Vera.

The Juro" for the Right bono :"" the Lord Proprietary upon their
James Neal oathes doe present that James Neale Senio'' of Wollaston Manno''
^^"' in Charles County, upon the 28"^ day of ffebruary Anno 1668. At
Wollaston Manno'' aforesayd One hogg of the goods and Chattells
of James Bowling did Kill take and Carry away as also six piggs
of the goods and Chattels of Arthur Turners on the Manno'' afore-
sayd did marke of and with the marke of him the said Neale Con-
trary to the forme and Effect of a certeine act of Assembly in that
Case had made and provided and against the peace of his said Lopp'
Rule and Dignity. Endorsed vizt Billa vera.

The Juro''^ for the Right bono'''*' the Lord Proprietary upon their
Richard oathes doe present Richard Meekins late of Dorchester County in
Meekins j.]^g Province of Maryland laborer for that he the Tenth day of
November in the 40"" yeare of the Dominion of Caecilius &c Annoque
Domini 1671 with force and Armes &c at Dorchester County afore-
sayd in the Province aforesayd one Cow of the valine of Twenty
shillings of the goods and Chattells of Raymond Stapleford then
and there found then and there feloniously did take steale and lead
away against the peace of the said Lord Proprietary his Rule and
Dignity Endorsed Billa Vera.

The Juro''^ for the Right bono i*"'^ the Lord Proprietary upon their
Thomas oathes doe p''sent Thomas Hackleton late of Patuxent River in the
Hackleton County of Calvert laborer William Swetnam of the same place
nam laborer, and Samuell Lester of the same place laborer the thirtieth
Samuell ^j^y ^f August in the 41"^ yeare of the Dominion of Caecilius &c
Annocp Domini 1672 with force and Armes &c at Patuxent River
aforesayd in the County aforesayd three white shirts of the valine
of Three shillings one blew shirt of the vallue of sixpence Two
payer of Drawers of the vallue of Tenn pence Two long Neckclothes
of the vallue of foure pence One Calico handKercbeif of the vallue
of one penny one woman's smock with one sleeve of the vallue of
Eight pence one yards of lynnen cloth of the valine of One shilling,
Two yards of Course Lynnen of the vallue of One shilling four
pence, halfe a yard of Canvas of the vallue of three pence one hoi-
land hood of the vallue of Two shillings One Callico hood of the
vallue of sixpence foure pound of butter of the vallue of one shilling
p. 516 one greate Cheese of the vallue of One shilling & three small Cheeses
of the vallue of One shilling six pence of the goods and Chattells



Provincial Court Proceedings, 16/2. 47

of William Graves of Patuxent River aforesayd planter then and Liber J J
there found then and there feloniously did steale take and Carry
away against the peace of the said Lord Proprietary his Rule and
Dignity. Endorsed Billa Vera.

James Neale Jun'' being called appeares who Desired Councell James Neal
to be assigned him by the Co''', who ordered M"" Morecroft one of ■*""
the Attorneys of this Co"'' to be of Councill for the prisoner, who
put in this plea following in writing.

And the said James Neale Jun"" in his proper person cometh and
saith that the said Lord Proprietary will not nor ought him the said
James by Reason of the said Indictm' greive and impeach because
by protestation he saith that the Indictm' is not sufficient in Law to
put him to answere thereunto. Notw"'standing for plea he saith
that whatsoever is Contrary to the Act of Assembly aforesayd he
saith he is in no wise guilty in manner and forme as by the Indictm'
aforesayd above is supposed, and of this he puts himself upon the
Country and Vincent Lowe Estp Attorney Generall, who for his
LoPP the Lord Proprietary in this behalf e followeth for the said
Lord Proprietary likewise, and the Sheriff of St Maryes County
having as he was Comanded retorned a petty Jury for the Tryall
of prisoners who being called appeared to wit W" Harris Richard
Atwood Thomas Doxey Nicholas Guither Richard Bayly Henry
Bedford W" King Guy White ffrancis Gunbee Richard Ack worth
John Symons Henry Smith and Richard Smith who being Elected
tryed & sworne to try the truth in the premises upon their oathes
doe say, that the said James Neale is guilty of hoggstealing whereof
he hath beene Indicted and so they say all. whereupon the Court
Gave Judgem' ag' him according to the act of Assembly in that case
provided for the first offence.

To his Excellency Charles Calvert Estj Capt Generall and Cheif
Governor of Maryland.

The humble peticion of James Neale Jun"".
Most humbly sheweth

Unto yo'' Excellency that yo*" poore pef being a distressed object
under the Just sentence of the Law procured by the unadvised
Rashnes of his inconsiderate youth whereby he is now become
uncapable of any thing but shame and Ignominy unlesse your gra-
cious goodnes and Redundant Mercy wherewith yo"' Excellency hath
Ever beene adorned, and of which all who have stood in need have
plentifully obteined upon their humble addresses, yo'' unworthy pef
humbly beggs yo'' wonted Grace and mercy, to be Extended to him
in yo"" Excehyes Gracious pardon to be freed from that Ignominious
punishni', which his Crimes have most Justly Deserved, and the
unadvised Rashnes of his youth most Justly merited and pulled
Downe upon himself, and in yo'' Exceiiyes Gracious freeing yo"'



48 Provincial Court Proceedings, i6y2.

Liber J J pef from the same you will forever binde him to pray for your
Excttyes health honor and happiness long to Governe us.

This peticion being p''sented to his Excellency in open Court his
Excellency is gratiously pleased & does ord'' that his punnishni' be
remitted according to the prayer of the peticion, provided he pay
Damages to the ptyes agreived according to the Act of Assembly
and his ffees. and the said James Neale Jun'' imediately in open Co"
upon his Knees thanked his ExcHy for such his Clemency & mercy
and prayed for the Lord Proprietary



P-5I7



James Neale James Neale Sen'' being called appeares. who desired Councell to
i^^Jl, be assigned him by the Court, who ordered Mr Morecroft one of
the Attorneys of the Court to be of Councill for the prisoner who
put in this plea following in writing.

And the said James Neale Sen"' cometh and saith that the said
Lord Proprietary him the said James upon the said Accon of
Indictm' ought not or will not Greive or impeach because by ptesta-
tion he saith the Indictm' is not sufficient in Law to put him the said
James to answere thereunto. Notwithstanding for a plea he saith
that whatsoever is Contrary to the Act of Assembly aforesayd he
is in no wayes guilty in manner & forme as by the said Indictm'
aforesayd above is supposed and of this he puts himself upon the
Country, and Vincent Low Attorney General who for the said
Lord Proprietary in this behalf e followeth for the said Lord Pro-
prietary likewise, and the Sheriff of St Maryes County having as
he was Comanded retorned a Petty Jury for the tryall of prisoners
who being called appeared to wit Wiiim Harris Richard Atwood
Thomas Doxey Nicholas Guither Richard Bayley Henry Bedford
William King Guy White ffrancis Gunbee Richard Ackworth John
Symonds Henry Smith and Richard Smith, who being Elected tryed
& sworne to try the truth in the premises upon their oathes doe say
that the said James Neale Sen"", is not guilty of the hoggstealing
whereof he hath beene Indicted and so they say all, whereupon the
said James Neale Sen'' was acquitted by proclamation, and by the
Court Discharged paying his ffees.

Thomas Hackleton 1 The Sheriff of St Maryes County being Co-
W" Swetnam & Imanded to set Thomas Hackleton William
Samuell Lester J Swetnam and Samuell Lester to the barre were
for the fellony aforesayd araigned and upon their Arraignm' pleaded
not guilty and for their tryall put themselves upon the Country, and
the Sheriff of S' Maryes County having as he was Comanded re-
torned a petty Jury for the tryall of prisoners, who being called
appeared to wit Richard Smith Alexand'' Draper Richard Atwood
Nicholas Guither Richard Bayly Henry Bedford William King Guy
White ffrancis Gunbee Richard Ackworth John Simons and Henry



Provincial Court Proceedings, 16/2. 49

Smith who to say the truth in the p''mises being Elected tryed and Liber J J
sworne upon their oathes doe say — that Thomas Hackleton and
Samuell Lester are guiUy of the ffellony whereof they have beene
arraigned to the vallue of Tenn pence sterhng. and that William
Swetnam was not guilty of the same & so they say all whereupon
the said Thomas Hackleton and Samuell Lester were set to the
barre and the Court gave Judgem' ag' them that the Sheriff of
St Maryes County cause the said Thomas Hackleton and Samuell
Lester to be whipped on the bare back at the whipping post in
St Maryes Citty, and that they have nine and thirty lashes a peice.
and the said William Swetnam being set to the barre was acquitted
by pclamation and by the Court Discharged paying his ffees.

It is by the Court this day ordered that Michaell Tawney one of
the Constables of Calvert County Deliver unto William Graves of the
same County what goods he hath in his hands that were stole from
the said Graves by Thomas Hackleton and Samuell Lester and
whereof they are before this Co''' Convicted; the said goods being
made appeare before this Court pply to belong to the said Graves.

The Sheriff of St Maryes County being comanded to set Richard Richard
Meekins to the barre, y*^ said Meekins was upon the Indictm' afore- '^eekms
sayd for y^ fellony aforesayd arraigned and upon his arraignm'
pleaded not Guilty and for his tryall put himself upon the Country,
and the Sheriff of St Maryes County having as he was Comanded
retorned a petty Jury for the tryall of prisoners who being called
appeared to wit Richard Smith Alexand"' Draper Richard Atwood
Nicholas Guither Richard Bayly Henry Bedford William King Guy
White ffrancis Gunbee Richard Ackworth John Symons and Henry
Smith who to say the truth in the premises being elected tryed and p. 518
sworne upon their oathes doe say that the said Richard Meekins is
not guilty of the fellony whereof he hath beene arraigned & so they



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