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and a certain Robert A. New (who had the charge of Floyd's boat in his absence, he
having then gone to Natchez) talking together for some time. The said New then
came on board our boat, and called all the men into it, and said he understood they
were all going to be stopped, and inquired of them whether they would stand by
Colonel Burr and go on, or quit. Most of the men were for going on, but two or
three were for quitting. In the course of that day, this affiant mentioned to the
said New that he mistrusted they were going on some unlawful scheme. He assured
3t, that nothing was going to take place but what was lawful



1. See Dec. 24, 1805, Supra. It is sigi
Chicago at this time.

2. Dr. John Munro was a wealthy merchant of Detroit. Other members of the
name were Capt. John Munroe, a loyalist of Vermont, then in upper Canada, Robert
Munro, who wrote to Harrison on account of the Detroit fire. There is no indication
here of which is meant.



208 INDIANA HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS

tarily come forward and declared his willingness to submit
to any investigation that I might think proper to institute.

His explanation of the circumstances which gave rise to
Mr. Munro's accusation is entirely satisfactory and I have
no hesitation in saying as far as I am acquainted with his
conduct as a public officer he has acted with zeal and integrity.
It is true that a great clamor has been raised against him at
Detroit by persons in the British interest but this is easily
accounted for as the establishments of an Indian agency at
that place had a powerful effect in checking their illicit prac-
tices in the Indian country.

I have the Honor to be with the greatest respect and esteem

Sir your humble servt.

WiLLM. Henry Harrison

Honble. Henry Dearbourn Esq. Secretary of War

Harrison to Hargrove
ViNCENNEs, Indiana Territory, April 16, 1807

Cockrum, Pioneer History of Indiana, 203, 20U

Captain William Hargrove:'

This will be handed to you by Ell Ernest, one of our scouts.
Since you were here on last Friday the 10th inst. two of our
scouts are in and report that last Sunday night, the 12th inst.,
a band of roving Indians captured a white family on the old
Indian road from this place to Clarkesville this side of the
mudhole [near where Otwell, Indiana, now stands] killed the
man and took into captivity the woman and her five children.^
Governor Harrison and Adjutant General John Small' are
both away. The Governor before starting instructed me to
write you that if it was possible without taking too many
men out of your settlement, that you enlist at least twenty

1. William Hargrove was a native of South Car., born 1775. He settled in Indiana
in 1803, having spent some time in Ky. He sei-ved many years in the militia and is
said to have been the first to raise a company for the Tippecanoe campaign. He died
at his old home in Gibson County in 1843. Cocki-um, Pioneer History, 203: Gibson
County, 51, 154, 219; Storraont, Gibson county, iO, U, seg.

2. This refers to the murder of the Larkins family by a band of Delawares. The
father was killed at the time and the mother and five children taken captives. Mrs.
Larkin was a daughter of Judge Greenup of Ky. A sei-vant escaped and carried the
news to Gibson at Vincennes. Cockrum, Pioneer History, SOI

3. John Small was living near Vincennes as early as 1784. In 1790 he became
sherifT of Knox county ; in 1798 he represented Knox in the territorial legislature at
Cincinnati. He was a gunsmith by trade and no doubt a farmer and trader. He died
in 1821.



HARRISON: MESSAGES AND LETTERS 209

men for Ranger service giving a preference at all times to
men who have been on Indian campaigns, but not to leave
any family without some able-bodied man to protect them, un-
less they are in block houses. This should be done at once
so that the men can be on duty in five days.* Send in two
days from the time you receive this by the same hand an
answer. I will then send you instructions as to your duties.
By the order of the Governor.

John Gibson Sec'y Indicia Territory



Harrison to Hargrove
ViNCENNES, Indiana Territory April 21, 1807

Cockium, Pioneer Histon-y, 20i, 205

Captain William Hargrove :

Your report by the hand of scout [Ell] Ernest has been re-
ceived. The Governor is very much pleased at your prompt-
ness. The supplies for the families of those who will serve as
Rangers will be sent as often as needed.

I have ordered sent you today, one sack of salt, ten bags of
meal, for you to distribute before you leave home. Also
twenty-five pounds of powder, twenty-five pounds of lead, two
hundred gunflints, one bundle of tow [to clean rifles]. You
will divide your force and form a squad of six men under a
reliable man who will act as Sergeant to patrol the main
travelled way from your settlement south to the Ohio river,
at Red Banks [Henderson, Ky.]. Instruct the Sergeant to
make two trips each way every ten days. I will send a scout
who will come with the men and carts that bring the supplies.
He will go on duty with the squad patrolling to the south.
The other thirteen men will be with you ; also one scout and
two friendly Indians. You are to patrol the old Indian trace
[Vincennes — New Albany] that leads from this place to
Clarksville on the Ohio river, from a point where this old road
crosses White river [Wrights Ferry] and going as far as

4. On account of the large numbers of travelers over the traces in southern
Indiana, Harrison org;anized three divisions of rangers to patrol the main roads, espe-
cially the one from the Falls. Hargrove commanded the First company. John Tipton
the Second, but the captain of the Third is not known. This correspondence between
Harrison and Hargrove is taken from Col. William M. Cockrum's valuable Pioneer
History of Indiana, to whom full credit is hereby given. The original letters are in
his possession.

14—21182



210 INDIANA HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS

thirty-five miles east of the mudhole. The two Indians to be
directly under the orders of the scout who will keep you in-
formed of the orders he gives them. Once every week send a
report of your work to this office. It has been ordered that
movers coming over the old trace shall be held on the other
end until a number of them are together. Then they will
travel with the rangers as they are coming west on the trace.
Any coming into your territory will be sent to a point out of
danger by you, if coming to the older settlements. If they
intend to form a new settlement, they must build a fort and
stay in it until the season for raids has past. They can pre-
pare houses where they intend to locate but they must remain
in the blockhouses at night. If there should be extra men
with the movers who have had experience as hunters or in
Indian fighting enlist them if you can. I hope that your ex-
perience in Indian warfare will help you protect your men.
The roving bands of Indians prowling over this unprotected
country in the warm season aim to murder helpless people for
their scalps and the capturing of prisoners for what they can
realize from the sale of them for servants to the British posts
on the lakes. They are not hunting for armed soldiers. A
careful and vigilant scouting service will in a great measure
do away with these prowling bands of Indians.

By order of the Governor,
John Gibson, Sechj. Indiana Territory

Harrison to Hargrove
ViNCENNEs, Indiana Territory, April 29, 1807

Cockruiti, Pioneer History, 205, 206

Captain William Hargrove, in the Ranger Service of Indiana
Territory:
Your report by the half-breed Twenney came to hand this
evening. The Governor wishes to say that he is well pleased
with your work and fully agrees with you that the route from
the forks of White river, south to the Yellow Banks on the
Ohio river [Rockport, Indiana] should be patrolled at least
once each week. The three men you have recruited can take
the place of some of your best men that you are acquainted
with. You will send them over the route in company with one
of the scouts. The Governor suggests that you send scout



HARRISON: MESSAGES AND LETTERS 211

[John] FuQuay' with them, as he is familiar with the coun-
try south of you on the Ohio river. In your next report fully
describe what was found on the Yellow Bank route and if
any Indian sign has been seen near the Ohio river.

It is utterly impossible at this time to furnish anything
like a company of men to assist the father of Mrs. Larkins
in releasing her from captivity. The Governor directs that
you say to Colonel Greenup that if he can bring the aid from
Kentucky that he thinks he can, that scouts and guides will
be furnished them from this post and that he is truly sorry
that he has not the men to furnish all the help needed.

John Gibson, Sec'y. of Indiana Territory
By order Wm. H. Harrison, Governor, Indiana Territory

Jones to Harrison

I^SKASKIA May 4th 1807

Har. Pa. 197-199

Sir:

On the 29th ultimo Gabriel, one of the Kaska. Indians
(Brother-in-law to Ducoigne) was found dead on the Massac
road about seven miles from this place. He was scalpt his
scull cut in pieces with three strokes of the tomahawk two
bullet holes thro' his body one entered the breast the other the
left side, his left arm broke by the stroke of a ball — his Riffle,
accoutrements, blanket cloath saddle and bridle were carried
off. The sadle was found by a party of the Kasa. Indians
who, the day after the murder was committed pursued the
trail of a party of eight Indians in a direction towards the
Kickapoo Towns. Two old blankets an old blue Cappeau and
a Jole of bacon were left by the perpetrators with the dead
body. Also an Indian war sign was found on the body.
Ducoigne believes it to have been done by the Kickapoos or
Potawatomies. A few days before this event happened, the
Horse of Mr. Doza' on which he was riding was shot thro' the
neck a little after dark, on the road leading to Prairie
Durocher^ about two miles from this Village ; by the aid of a

1. John Fuquay had been a scout for Harrison since 1801. He covered the south-
western corner of Indiana. The family settled in Pilie county, before the land was
purchased from the Indians.

1. Reynolds speaks of a block house on Doza creek, a branch of the Kaskaskia.

Pioneer Illinois, iOS

2. One of the old French settlements about 20 miles up the Mississippi from
Kaskaskia, near old Fort Chai-tres.



212 INDIANA HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS

flash of lightning Doza discovered two men whom he took to
be Indians — a Horse belonging to a Mr. Patten was also shot
thro the neck (and killed) by an Indian in the woods near the
farm of Mr. Patten, at no great distance from the place where
the murder was perpetrated. The bell on the horse which
Mr. Patten's negro found the preceding morning was carried
off ; the negro saw an Indian in pursuit of the Horse a short
time before the horse was shot.

Ducoigne as well as all his people are in a great dread at
present. His situation is certainly a very unpleasant & un-
safe one. Some strange Indians are said to be skulking about
this place. The Kaskaskians have all come to the village and
dare not venture out unless they are permitted to fire on the
Indians whom they may meet in the woods. I have advised
them to act only on the defensive for the present; to which
he replied in a sarcastic way "Yes When I meet an Indian I
must stand until he shoots me down, and then make a defence,
and thus lose my life and the lives of my people. I have had
ample protection promised to me by the United States and yet
the officers do not interest themselves in my behalf. No es-
cort can be obtained to bring in my dead people and they even
doubt their authority to rescue me from an attack, under these
circumstances I ought at least to be placed on a footing with
my enemies".

I stated to you in my former letter that some of our officers
entertain eronious opinions as to the protection they are
authorized to give to the Kasa. Indians in certain cases and
suggested the propriety of giving instructions to the officers
on this subject. I am Dear Sir

your friend and humble servt.

Mich. Jones^
His Excellency Wlvi H. HARRISON.

3. Michael Jones was a native of Pennsylvania, came to Kaskaskia in 1804 as
register of the land office. He died apparently at Kaskaskia Nov. 26, 1822. He is
frequently confused with the Michael Jones, half brother of Jesse B. Thomas, who went
from Lawrenceburg with Thomas to Illinois and was a lawyer and politician at
Shawneetown. Reynolds, Pioneer Illinois, 351: Buck, IlUtiois in ISIS, 201



HARRISON: MESSAGES AND LETTERS 213

Harrison to Hargrove
ViNCENNES, Indiana territory, May 10, 1807

Cockrum, Picmeer History, 206, 207

Captain Wm. Hargrove, In the Indian Ranger Service :

Your report with enclosures have been received. The Gov-
ernor feels very sorry that Colonel Greenup feels as he ex-
presses himself. He ought to know and if reasonable would
understand that to govern this wild territory and furnish half
protection to the scattered settlers in this wilderness, that we
have all we can do with the limited number of men that is at
our command. It would be a very pleasing thing to aid your
old soldier mate and recapture Mrs. Larkins and her children.
It is but natural that her father should feel very anxious about
her release but he could do nothing with the few men we could
send him on such an expedition. After leaving the old Indian
road that you are on there is no settlement north and it would
take an army to invade the country north of White river. You
will please convey to him the Governor's compliments and in-
form him of the contents of the letter. As soon as it is pos-
sible, we will give him all the aid we can, but it would do him
no good to make the attempt with a few men as they would
all be destroyed.

The report of the three men on the trace south to the Yellow
Banks is noted. There is most likely but little travel on that
route. The one family which your men excorted to safty is
a sufficient answer as to the usefulness of the patrol. They
will be continued at least until the warm weather is over.

William H. Harrison, Governor of Indiana Territory

Harrison to Menard

ViNCENNES 18th May 1807
Har. Pa. 200, 201

Sir:

The United States having guaranteed to the Kaskaskias
Tribe of Indians a protection against every Indian Tribe or
Foreign power equal to what is enjoyed by their own Citizens
and as it appears that there is a design formed by some of the
neighbouring tribes to cut them off it becomes necessary that
measures should be immediately taken to pi-event a catas-
trophe so horrible in itself — and which would justly subject



214 INDIANA HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS

our government to the reproach of having violated its most
solemn engagements.

You are therefore hereby directed to take immediate meas-
ures to have the militia of the Town of Kaskaskias and its
vicinity in readiness to repel any attack that may be made
upon them and in order that your protection should be as
effectual as possible I have directed the Chief [Ducoigne] to
put himself and his tribe under your orders and not to suffer
them to leave the town without your permission — this per-
mission should not be given unless you should think proper to
employ them as scouts until it is ascertained that they can
go out in safety. I have requested Michael Jones Esq. to sup-
ply them with provisions and ammunition and with this gen-
tleman to whom I have hitherto entrusted the management of
the Indian business in the Illinois country you will please to
consult on the measures to be adopted to carry the Orders
contained in this letter into effect. It will be necessary that
every party of Indians who may come into your vicinity should
be watched and that they should be informed of the direc-
tions you have received to protect the Kaskaskians and this I
hope will be sufficient to prevent their attempting to do them
any farther mischief. I have sent a message [See next num-
ber] to the Chiefs of the Illinois Kickapoos through the Chief
of that Nation who resides on the Vermilion and a duplicate
of the same to Mr. Jones who will convey it to them by some
intelligent person who understands their language. You will
please to communicate to me as soon as possible any informa-
tion you may possess relative to the late murder of the Kas-
kaskian Indian which will lead to a discovery of the
perpretrators and whether it proceeded from an accidental
rencounter or a determination upon the part of the Tribe to
which they belonged to make War upon the Kaskaskians.

I am most respectfully your humble servt.

Signed W. H. H.
Col. [Pierre] Menard' as the Commanding Officer of The Mili-
tia of Randolph County

1. Pierre Menard was one of three brothers (Pierre, Hypolite and Francis) who
came to Kasl<askia from Canada. Pierre was born in 1767 and fairly well educated.
He reached Vincennes in 1786 and worked for Vigo. He went with Vigo in 1789 to
meet Washington. For a time he was a partner of Dubois at Vincennes. He spent
his life in the Indian trade — a large part of the time in official capacity. He was
often elected to civil office, being the first lieutenant governor of 111. He died in
Kaskaskia in 1844. Reynolds, Pioneer Illinois, S91



HARRISON: MESSAGES AND LETTERS 215

Harrison to Kickapoos and Kaskaskias

May 19th 1807

Har. Pa. 202, 203

William Henry Harrison Governor of the Indiana Territory
and Superintendent of Indian Affairs to his children the
Chiefs and head men of the Kickapoos Tribe [of Illinois]

My Children:

Why does it happen that I am so often obliged to address
you in the language of complaint?

Will your young men never listen to the advice of their
father? My Children You cannot be ignorant that the 17
fires of America have taken the Kaskaskians Tribe under their
Wings.

You know this and yet you suffered your young men to shed
their blood and scatter it in your father's face.

My Children— the great Chief and the Council of the 17 fires
have said to the Kaskaskian Tribe: "My Children, your
voice has been heard by your father. He will take you in his
bosom and let no man hurt you".

My children — your father does not lie — He will not suffer
you to kill the Kaskaskians when they do you no injury.

My Children. Let me know by the return of the bearer
who it was that covered your father's road with blood.

My Children. I want to see some of you here to speak to
you on the subject of the Kaskaskians.

My Children. The blood that was shed on your father's
road must be covered up. [This was enclosed with the letter
to Menard May 18.]

From your Father

(Signed) Wm. H. Harrison



Harrison to Hargrove
ViNCENNES, Indiana Territory, May 22, 1807

Cockvuni, Pioneer History, 207

Captain William Hargrove, Commanding a detachment of
Rangers :
Ell Ernest is in with your report. Will send you a Cree
Indian for the one you say is too lazy to hunt. This Indian



216 INDIANA HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS

has been here for a long time and has the reputation of being
a great hunter. He can keep your rangers in meat. I have
had an interview with him and he is delighted with the pros-
pect of going as a scout. Ernest is acquainted with him and
can make him understand what is to be done. Ernest said
that he saw a number of Indians in bathing on the south bank
of the White river and a number of them were fishing. They
did not see him. As they were near here, a platoon of cavalry
has been sent with several scouts to look after them. These
troops before they return may report to you and will inform
you what these Indians were up to. There are always some
contrary people in all walks of life who are hard to manage.
The ones you report are not all who have been troublesome.
There is no deviating from the rule. Anyone who refuses to
stay in the fort when ordered, arrest them and send them to
this post, under guard. When the Government does all that
it can to protect its people they must and shall obey the rules.
This territory is under no law that can force obedience but the
Military and all of its subjects must obey the governing rule
or be sent out of it.

By the order of the Governor.

By John Gibson, Secretary of Indiana Territory

Harrison to Secretary of War

ViNCENNES 23d May 1807

Hur. Pa. -20^-206

Sir:

I have the Honour to enclose herewith a letter [May 4]
from Michael Jones, Esquire, the Register of the Land office
at Kaskaskias, upon the subject of a murder lately committed
upon one of the Kaskaskias Indians in the vicinity of Kas-
kaskias by a party of Indians supposed to belong to the Kicka-
poo or Potawatimi Tribes. From the circumstances attending
the murder and others which have come to my knowledge I am
induced to believe that a design has been formed by one or
both of the last mentioned Tribes to destroy the remnant
of the Kaskaskias Tribe. As the United States have guaran-
teed to the Kaskaskians a protection as effectual as "that
which is enjoyed by their own Citizens" I had no hesitation
in giving the orders of which the enclosed is a copy to the



HARRISON: MESSAGES AND LETTERS 217

Commanding Officer of the Militia at Kaskaskias [Pierre
Menard]. I hope however that there will be no necessity of
having recourse to arms to protect them. The message which
I have sent to the Kickapoos (of which I enclose a copy) will
I believe produce a suspension of Hostilities and satisfaction
for the injury that has been already done. The killing of the
Horse mentioned in that of Mr. Jones' letter and the firing
at the frenchman do not in my opinion indicate any hostile
design against the Whites. The Indians frequently steal
horses that they are unable to catch by shooting them through
the upper part of the neck, which only stuns them a little —
but if the shot is a little too low the horse is killed. Doza the
Frenchman who was shot at he might easily have been mis-
taken in the night for a Kaskaskias Indian.

I am utterly at a loss to know what to do with the Banditti
of Creeks which have so long infested this country. They are
the most daring mischevious fellows in existence. The set-
tlers on the Ohio have suffered so much from them, that they
say They can no longer bear with them. At the earnest
solicitation of the People in that quarter I have authorized the
Capt. of the Militia [Pierre Menard] with the concurrance
of a Justice of the Peace to disarm them, if they do not attend
to the solemn admonition which I have lately sent them. They
are in the daily habit of committing every species of aggres-
sion excepting murder, &c. and should they begin with this
I know no other way of managing them than hunting them
like wild beasts. For I am persuaded from their characters
that if any individual amongst them was to be brought to
punishment the families of many of our scattered settlers
would fall a sacrifice to the revenge of the others.

I have the Honor to be with the greatest respect Sir Your
humble servt.

WiLLM. Henry Harrison

The Honble The SECRETARY of War



218 INDIANA HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS

Wells to Harrison

Fort Wayne June 1807

Dawson, Harrison, 92

Mr. [William] ' Kirke is now about to retire from this place,
and form a settlement at the Ottawa towns, among the
Shawanese, and there wait the orders of the government.

I have done every thing in my power to carry the views of
the President into execution among the Indians, under Mr.
Kirke, but to no purpose. The Indians too plainly see, that he
cannot fulfil the views of the President, and say they will not
acknowledge the receipts of a thing they never received.

Now sir, as I firmly believe that the Indians are very
anxious to receive what the President has offered them — as
I am convinced that it would add much to the welfare of the
Indians, and believing that I could come nearer executing the
views of the President among the Indians of this agency, than
any other person he could appoint for that purpose, I now
offer him my services through you, and beg that you will as-
sure him that any money that may be appropriated for this
purpose, will not be misapplied, but will be at all times faith-
fully and honestly accounted for to his satisfaction.

I declare to you that I am not actuated by any personal
views. I do not wish the President to add one cent to my
salary, unless it is his opinion I deserve it. I am afraid that
a wrong construction will be put upon the conduct of the In-
dians in rejecting Mr. Kirke, and discourage the President in
his benevolent intentions ; and I will exert myself to the utmost
to forward the views of the President among the Indians of



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